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Practice Guidelines

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afp20200301p310a.pdf

...recommend a specific order of testing. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Various (guideline) Reference: Smalley W, Falck-Ytter C, Carrasco-Labra A, et al. AGA clinical practice guidelines on the laboratory evaluation of func- tional...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p310a.pdf

afp20200301p312.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Tuberculosis Screening, Testing, and Treatment in U.S. Health Care Professionals: CDC Releases Updated Recommendations Although U.S. health care professionals previously had a higher risk for tuberculosis (TB) and latent TB infection (LTBI) due to occupational...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/afp20200301p312.pdf

afp20200315p341.pdf

...of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on clinical practice guidelines [published cor- rection appears in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018; 71(19): 2275-2279]. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018; 71(19): e127-e248. 5....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/afp20200315p341.pdf

afp20200401p393.pdf

...Practice guidelines from the American College of Obste- tricians and Gynecologists state that pelvic floor muscle training can be effective when used as first-line therapy for stress, urge, or mixed urinary incontinence.5 Infor- mation for patients about how to do pelvic exercises...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/afp20200401p393.pdf

afp20200401p394.pdf

...Practice guidelines from the American College of Obste- tricians and Gynecologists state that pelvic floor muscle training can be effective when used as first-line therapy for stress, urge, or mixed urinary incontinence.5 Infor- mation for patients about how to do pelvic exercises...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/afp20200401p394.pdf

afp20200401p409.pdf

...AC, Metersky ML, Klompas M, et al. Management of adults with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia: 2016 clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society [published corrections appear in Clin Infect Dis....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/afp20200401p409.pdf

afp20200401p419.pdf

...51. Simpson DM, Hallett M, Ashman EJ, et al. Practice guideline update summary: botulinum neurotoxin for the treatment of blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, adult spasticity, and headache: report of the Guide- line Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurol- ogy....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/afp20200401p419.pdf

afp20200401p429.pdf

...5. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology. Basal cell skin cancer. Version 1.2020. Octo- ber 24, 2019. Accessed February 6, 2020. https:// www.nccn.org/ professionals/physician_gls/pdf/nmsc.pdf ■ SUMMARY TABLE Condition...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/afp20200401p429.pdf

afp20200401p440.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Frostbite: Recommendations for Prevention and Treatment from the Wilderness Medical Society Frostbite is divided into four overlapping phases: prefreeze, freeze-thaw, vascular stasis, and late ischemic. The prefreeze phase consists of tissue cooling, which...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/afp20200401p440.pdf

afp20200415p458.pdf

...See related Practice Guideline at https:// www.aafp. org/afp/2016/0615/p1042.html. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Pre- vention (CDC) released a clinical practice guide- line to help guide the use of opioid pain relievers for chronic noncancer pain.1 The guideline...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/afp20200415p458.pdf

afp20200415p463.pdf

...13. ISBI Practice Guidelines Committee; Steering Subcommittee; Advisory Subcommittee. ISBI practice guidelines for burn care. Burns. 2016; 42(5): 953-1021. 14. Agency for Clinical Innovation. Clinical guidelines: burn patient man- agement. Accessed May 27, 2019. https://...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/afp20200415p463.pdf

afp20200415p497.pdf

...The American Academy of Pediatrics has produced a clinical practice guideline for the management of neurodevelopmentally normal patients six months to five years of age with simple febrile seizures. Routine use of lumbar puncture, laboratory assays, neuroimaging, and electroen-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/afp20200415p497.pdf

afp20200501p527.pdf

...4. American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder. American Psychiatric Publishing; 2010. 5. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Depres- sion in adults with a chronic physical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/afp20200501p527.pdf

afp20200501p528.pdf

...4. American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder. American Psychiatric Publishing; 2010. 5. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Depres- sion in adults with a chronic physical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/afp20200501p528.pdf

afp20200501p530.pdf

...et al. The clinical assessment, treatment, and prevention of lyme disease, human granulocytic ana- plasmosis, and babesiosis: clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America [published correction appears in Clin Infect Dis. 2007; 45(7): 941]. Clin Infect...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/afp20200501p530.pdf

afp20200501p557.pdf

...as resistance training and whole-body vibration may be beneficial. The American Academy of Family Physicians is developing a clinical practice guideline based on the AHRQ review. Current guidelines from the U.S. Depart- ment of Veterans Affairs/U.S. Department of Defense and the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/afp20200501p557.pdf

afp20200501p569.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Migraines in Children: Recommendations for Acute and Preventive Treatment Updated recommendations for the prevention and treatment of migraines in children and adolescents were recently published by the American Academy of Neurology and the American Headache...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/afp20200501p569.pdf

afp20200515od1.pdf

...26. Chaikof EL, Dalman RL, Eskandari MK, et al. The Society for Vascular Surgery practice guidelines on the care of patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. J Vasc Surg. 2018; 67(1): 2-77e.2. 27. Lederle FA, Walker JM, Reinke DB. Selective screening for abdomi- nal aortic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/afp20200515od1.pdf

afp20200515p608.pdf

...live, attenuated vaccine but with a greater risk of injection site pain. Exercise helps reduce the risk of falls in older adults. Practice guidelines from 2019 on antithrombotics for atrial fibrillation, the manage- ment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and screening for breast cancer...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/afp20200515p608.pdf

afp20200515p633.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Adolescents: ACOG Management Recommendations Key Points for Practice • One in five adolescents with heavy menstrual bleeding has an underlying bleeding disorder. • In hemodynamically stable adolescents with heavy menstrual...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/afp20200515p633.pdf

afp20200601od1.pdf

...After the publication of this Cochrane review, the European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society published practice guidelines for NIPPV in patients with COPD during acute exacerbation.2 These guidelines advise against NIPPV to prevent respiratory acidosis but rec-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/afp20200601od1.pdf

afp20200601p692.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Preparticipation Physical Evaluation: AAFP and Others Update Recommendations This series is coordinated by Sumi Sexton, MD, editor-in-chief. A collection of Practice Guidelines published in AFP is avail- able at https:// www.aafp.org/afp/practguide....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/afp20200601p692.pdf

afp20200615p721.pdf

...12. Baraff LJ, Bass JW, Fleisher GR, et al.; Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Practice guideline for the management of infants and children 0 to 36 months of age with fever without source [published correction appears in Ann Emerg Med. 1993; 22(9): 1490]. Ann Emerg Med....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/afp20200615p721.pdf

afp20200615p730.pdf

...et al. An official American Thoracic Society/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine clinical practice guideline: mechanical ventilation in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome [published correction appears in Am J Respir Crit...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/afp20200615p730.pdf

afp20200615p740.pdf

...38. Stevens DL, Bisno AL, Chambers HF, et al. Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of skin and soft tissue infections: 2014 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2014; 59(2): 147-159. 39. Fisher MC, Goldsmith JF, Gilligan PH....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/afp20200615p740.pdf

afp20200615p758.pdf

...8. Rosenfeld RM, Piccirillo JF, Chandrasekhar SS, et al. Clinical practice guideline (update). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015; 152(2 suppl): S1-S39. 9. Ebell MH, Hansen JG. Proposed clinical decision rules to diagnose acute rhinosinusitis among adults in primary care. Ann Fam...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/afp20200615p758.pdf

afp20200615p762.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Asthma: Updated Diagnosis and Management Recommendations from GINA Asthma is a serious global health problem. The latest update to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guide- lines includes significant changes to treatment recom- mendations, especially a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/afp20200615p762.pdf

afp20200701p16.pdf

...symptoms and chronic airflow limitation due to a mixture of small airway disease and parenchymal destruc- tion.3 Current clinical practice guidelines require spirometry to establish the diagnosis of COPD.3 Many patients with chronic bronchitis have COPD. Acute exacerbations are...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/afp20200701p16.pdf

afp20200701p17.pdf

...symptoms and chronic airflow limitation due to a mixture of small airway disease and parenchymal destruc- tion.3 Current clinical practice guidelines require spirometry to establish the diagnosis of COPD.3 Many patients with chronic bronchitis have COPD. Acute exacerbations are...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/afp20200701p17.pdf

afp20200701p30.pdf

...G, Heddle NM, et al. Clinical practice guidelines from the AABB: red blood cell transfusion thresholds and storage. JAMA. 2016;316(19):2025-2035. 3. Tobian AA, Heddle NM, Wiegmann TL, et al. Red blood cell trans- fusion: 2016 clinical practice guidelines from AABB. Transfusion....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/afp20200701p30.pdf

afp20200701p58.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: AAP Updates Guideline for Diagnosis and Management Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in 7% to 8% of children. It affects academic achievement and socioemo- tional well-being. The American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/afp20200701p58.pdf

afp20200715p121.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Updated Recommendations from the ATS and IDSA The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Infec- tious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) recently updated their recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/afp20200715p121.pdf

afp20200715p99.pdf

...Adapted with permission from Nicolle LE, Gupta K, Bradley SF, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the management of asymptomatic bacteriuria: 2019 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of Amer- ica. Clin Infect Dis. 2019; 68(10): e87. TABLE 2 Diagnostic Criteria for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/afp20200715p99.pdf

afp20200801p136.pdf

...and struc- tural determinants of health disparities that affect persons of color,6 this essential context is stripped away in clinical practice guidelines that require clinicians to base decisions on a patient’s self-identified race or to assume race based on physical appearance....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/afp20200801p136.pdf

afp20200801p158.pdf

...International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, and American College of Nurse-Midwives by expert opinion in their major practice guidelines. Information from references 14, 16, and 17. TABLE 3 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Categories for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/afp20200801p158.pdf

afp20200801p173.pdf

...7. Gupta K, Hooton TM, Naber KG, et al. International clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelo- nephritis in women: a 2010 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/afp20200801p173.pdf

afp20200801p188.pdf

...Practice Guidelines VTE in Patients with Cancer: Guidelines from the American Society of Clinical Oncology Patients with cancer experience more anti- coagulant bleeding complications, making pre- vention and treatment decisions challenging. The American Society of Clinical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/afp20200801p188.pdf

afp20200815p224.pdf

...C Consistent findings from evidence-based practice guidelines After initial radiographic diagnosis, patients should be assessed biochem- ically using total serum alkaline phosphatase in combination with liver function tests. In patients with normal levels of total serum alkaline...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/afp20200815p224.pdf

afp20200815p229.pdf

...DC, Feehally J, Cook HT, et al; Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) glomerulonephritis work group. KDIGO clinical practice guideline for glomerulonephritis. Kidney Int Supple- ments. 2012; 2(2): 139-274. 35. Audemard-Verger A, Terrier B, Dechartres A, et al.;...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/afp20200815p229.pdf

afp20200815p250.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Colorectal Cancer Screening: ACP Guidance Statements Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Up to 80% of CRC develops from colonic adenomas over five to 20 years, illustrating the potential benefit of early...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/afp20200815p250.pdf

afp20200901p278.pdf

...tion: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of the initial UTI in febrile infants and children 2 to 24 months. Pediatrics. 2011; 128(3): 595-610. 11. Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection. Reaffirmation of AAP clinical practice guideline: the diagnosis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/afp20200901p278.pdf

afp20200901p298.pdf

...12. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology (NCCN guidelines): thyroid carcinoma, version 2.2019 - September 16, 2019. Accessed October 7, 2019. https:// www. nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/thyroid.pdf 13. Roman SA....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/afp20200901p298.pdf

afp20200901p316.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Treatment of Subclinical Hypothyroidism: BMJ Rapid Recommendation Subclinical hypothyroidism is a state of con- tradiction, with an elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level suggesting hypothyroid- ism but a normal free thyroxine level. Symptoms that...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/afp20200901p316.pdf

afp20200915p332.pdf

...Tip for Using AFP at the Point of Care Are you looking for a Practice Guideline? You can find AFP’s collection of guideline summa- ries at https://www.aafp.org/afp/practguide. All department collections are accessible from https://www.aafp.org/afp. A collection of AFP Clinical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p332.pdf

afp20200915p335.pdf

...14. American Academy of Family Physicians. Clinical practice guideline(s): opioid prescribing for chronic pain. Accessed February 26, 2020. https:// www.aafp.org/patient-care/clinical-recommendations/all/ opioid-prescribing.html 15. Kroenke K, Alford DP, Argoff C, et al....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p335.pdf

afp20200915p347.pdf

...man- agement of blood cholesterol: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on clinical practice guidelines [published correction appears in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019; 73(24): 3237-3241]. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019; 73(24): e285-e350. 2....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p347.pdf

afp20200915p355.pdf

...glucagon, management, epidemiology, diagnosis, biphasic, and fatal. The search included meta-analyses, systematic reviews, practice guidelines, clinical trials, and original studies. Also searched were the Cochrane database, ECRI Guidelines Trust, Essential Evidence Plus, and the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p355.pdf

afp20200915p369.pdf

...2. Aronson N, Herwaldt BL, Libman M, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of leishmaniasis: clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the American Society of Tropical Medi- cine and Hygiene (ASTMH). Clin Infect Dis. 2016;63(12): e202-e264....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p369.pdf

afp20200915p371.pdf

...8. Mayumi T, Yoshida M, Tazuma S, et al. Practice guidelines for primary care of acute abdomen 2015. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci. 2016; 23(1): 3-36. 9. American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria. Left lower quadrant pain-suspected diverticulitis. Revised 2018....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p371.pdf

afp20200915p375.pdf

...to an abundance of reasonable-quality evidence of the absence of benefit. Some of these areas will continue to evolve. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Outpatient (any) Reference: Kolasinski SL, Neogi T, Hochberg MC, et al. 2019 American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p375.pdf

afp20200915p375a.pdf

...to an abundance of reasonable-quality evidence of the absence of benefit. Some of these areas will continue to evolve. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Outpatient (any) Reference: Kolasinski SL, Neogi T, Hochberg MC, et al. 2019 American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p375a.pdf

afp20200915p376.pdf

...to an abundance of reasonable-quality evidence of the absence of benefit. Some of these areas will continue to evolve. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Outpatient (any) Reference: Kolasinski SL, Neogi T, Hochberg MC, et al. 2019 American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p376.pdf

afp20200915p377.pdf

...to an abundance of reasonable-quality evidence of the absence of benefit. Some of these areas will continue to evolve. Study design: Practice guideline Funding source: Foundation Setting: Outpatient (any) Reference: Kolasinski SL, Neogi T, Hochberg MC, et al. 2019 American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p377.pdf

afp20200915p378.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Chronic Kidney Disease: Evaluation and Treatment Guidelines from the VA/DoD Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 15% of the U.S. population, although fewer than one in 10 with the disease is aware of their diagnosis. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/afp20200915p378.pdf

afp20201001od1.pdf

...3. Reus VI, Fochtmann LJ, Bukstein O, et al. The American Psychiatric Association practice guideline for the pharmacological treatment of patients with alcohol use disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2018; 175(1): 86-90. 4. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Alcohol-use...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/afp20201001od1.pdf

afp20201001p420.pdf

...The search included systematic and clinical reviews, meta-analyses, reviews of clinical trials, evidence-based guidelines, clinical practice guidelines, and prescribing package inserts. We also searched the Cochrane database, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality evidence...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/afp20201001p420.pdf

afp20201001p442.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Patellofemoral Pain: Guidelines from the American Physical Therapy Association Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common con- dition, characterized by poorly defined knee pain in the anterior retropatellar or peripatel- lar region. PFP affects up to 85% of the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/afp20201001p442.pdf

afp20201015p465.pdf

...5. Pangarkar SS, Kang DG, Sandbrink F, et al. VA/DoD Clinical practice guideline: diagnosis and treatment of low back pain. J Gen Intern Med. 2019; 34(11): 2620-2629. 6. García-Ríos MC, Navarro-Ledesma S, Tapia-Haro RM, et al. Effective- ness of health education in patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/afp20201015p465.pdf

afp20201015p478.pdf

...https:// www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/covid-19- guideline-treatment-and-management National Institutes of Health: COVID-19 treatment guidelines https:// www.covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov World Health Organization: interim guidance on clinical management of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/afp20201015p478.pdf

afp20201015p505.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Influenza Vaccination: Updated 2020-2021 Recommendations from ACIP Published online September 10, 2020. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommendations for routine...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/afp20201015p505.pdf

afp20201101p533.pdf

...21. Qaseem A, McLean RM, Starkey M, et al. Diagnosis of acute gout: a clin- ical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2017; 166(1): 52-57. 22. Horowitz DL, Katzap E, Horowitz S, et al. Approach to septic arthritis. Am Fam Physician. 2011;...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/afp20201101p533.pdf

afp20201101p567.pdf

...of overweight and obesity in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society [published cor- rection appears in Circulation. 2014; 129(25 suppl 2): S139-S140]. Circu- lation. 2014; 129(25...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/afp20201101p567.pdf

afp20201101p571.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Accidental Hypothermia: Guidelines from the Wilderness Medical Society Accidental hypothermia occurs when core temperature reaches 95°F (35°C) or lower outside of medical therapy. Hypothermia is common in wilderness environments and among urban homeless,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/afp20201101p571.pdf

afp20201115p592.pdf

...ML, Hagan JF Jr., Allan C, et al.; Subcommittee on Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder. Clini- cal practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents [published...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/afp20201115p592.pdf

afp20201115p613.pdf

...C Based on systematic review of clinical practice guidelines Xerostomia is typically managed with conservative therapy and judicious use of medications; oral pilocarpine is effective in patients with persistent symptoms.61-63 B Based on a systematic review and two cohort...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/afp20201115p613.pdf

afp20201115p629.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Autism Spectrum Disorder: Updated Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro- developmental disorder affecting one in 59 chil- dren in the United States and other industrialized nations. In addition to...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/afp20201115p629.pdf

afp20201201p649.pdf

...See related Practice Guideline on page 697. Family physicians commonly encounter patients with pain from acute musculoskeletal injuries that do not involve the lower back, but the com- parative effectiveness of therapies has not been well studied. Previously published guidelines...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/afp20201201p649.pdf

afp20201201p665.pdf

...2. Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes. KDIGO 2012 clinical practice guideline for the evaluation and manage- ment of chronic kidney disease. Kidney International Sup- plements. 2013; 3(1): 1-150. 3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic kid- ney disease in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/afp20201201p665.pdf

afp20201201p666.pdf

...2. Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes. KDIGO 2012 clinical practice guideline for the evaluation and manage- ment of chronic kidney disease. Kidney International Sup- plements. 2013; 3(1): 1-150. 3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic kid- ney disease in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/afp20201201p666.pdf

afp20201201p697.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Management of Acute Pain from Non-Low Back Musculoskeletal Injuries: Guidelines from AAFP and ACP See related editorial on page 649. This series is coordinated by Michael J. Arnold, MD, con- tributing editor. A collection of Practice Guidelines...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/afp20201201p697.pdf

afp20201215p721.pdf

...(updating the 2007 guideline): a report of the American College of Cardiology Founda- tion/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines [published corrections appear in Circulation. 2011; 124(12): e337-e340 and Circulation. 2011; 123(22): e625-e626]. Circulation....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/afp20201215p721.pdf

afp20201215p759.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Off-Label Use and Misuse of Hormone Supplements: AACE and ACE Position Statement Off-label use of hormone medications and use of hormone supplements have increased dramati- cally over the past 20 years. Common nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, low...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/afp20201215p759.pdf

afp20210101p15.pdf

...Tip for Using AFP at the Point of Care Are you looking for a Practice Guideline? You can find AFP’s collection of guideline summa- ries at https://www.aafp.org/afp/practguide. All department collections are accessible at https:// www.aafp.org/afp/collections. A collection of AFP...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/afp20210101p15.pdf

afp20210101p22.pdf

...41. Couturier J, Isserlin L, Norris M, et al. Canadian practice guidelines for the treatment of children and adolescents with eating disorders. J Eat Disord. 2020; 8: 4. 42. Byrne S, Wade T, Hay P, et al. A randomised controlled trial of three psy- chological treatments for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/afp20210101p22.pdf

afp20210101p60.pdf

...A collection of Practice Guidelines published in AFP is avail- able at https:// www.aafp.org/afp/practguide. CME This clinical content conforms to AAFP criteria for CME. See CME Quiz on page 13. Author disclosure: No relevant financial affiliations. Key Points for Practice...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/afp20210101p60.pdf

afp20210115p120.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Osteoarthritis Management: Updated Guidelines from the American College of Rheumatology and Arthritis Foundation Affecting more than 300 million people worldwide, osteoarthritis (OA) is common and difficult to manage. Although OA can involve any joint, the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/afp20210115p120.pdf

afp20210115p68a.pdf

...Inaccurate disease description. In the Practice Guidelines Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Updated Recommen- dations from the ATS and IDSA (July 15, 2020, p. 121), in the title of Table 2 (page 122) and the first sentence in the second paragraph of the Antibiotic Therapy section (page...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/afp20210115p68a.pdf

afp20210115p69.pdf

...Inaccurate disease description. In the Practice Guidelines Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Updated Recommen- dations from the ATS and IDSA (July 15, 2020, p. 121), in the title of Table 2 (page 122) and the first sentence in the second paragraph of the Antibiotic Therapy section (page...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/afp20210115p69.pdf

afp20210201p144.pdf

...Current clinical practice guidelines recom- mend using oral antifungal agents as first-line treatment for onychomycosis; however, this may not be feasible for patients with limited access to care, potential drug interactions, contraindica- tions to oral therapy, or a preference for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/afp20210201p144.pdf

afp20210201p145.pdf

...Current clinical practice guidelines recom- mend using oral antifungal agents as first-line treatment for onychomycosis; however, this may not be feasible for patients with limited access to care, potential drug interactions, contraindica- tions to oral therapy, or a preference for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/afp20210201p145.pdf

afp20210201p155.pdf

...growth factor receptor 2 testing in breast cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists clinical practice guideline focused update. J Clin Oncol. 2018; 36(20): 2105-2122. 11. Bang Y-J, Van Cutsem E, Feyereislova A, et al.; ToGA Trial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/afp20210201p155.pdf

afp20210201p177.pdf

...practice guidelines from the American Thoracic Society, Infectious Diseases Society of America, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend IGRA over tuberculin skin testing when latent TB screening is warranted in patients five years or older who are at low to...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/afp20210201p177.pdf

afp20210201p183.pdf

...5. Petersen RC, Lopez O, Armstrong MJ, et al. Practice guideline update summary: mild cognitive impairment: report of the guideline develop- ment, dissemination, and implementation subcommittee of the Ameri- can Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2018; 90(3): 126-135. 6. Patnode...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/afp20210201p183.pdf

afp20210215od1.pdf

...Flynn JT, Kaelber DC, Baker-Smith CM, et al.; Subcommit- tee on Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children. Clinical practice guideline for screening and management of high blood pressure in children and ado- lescents [published corrections appear in Pediatrics....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/afp20210215od1.pdf

afp20210215p219.pdf

...plan fully. In 2019, the task force of the International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research (ICFSR) developed clinical practice guidelines for the identification and management of frailty.48 Table 3 outlines the ICFSR frailty management recommendations, based on moderate...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/afp20210215p219.pdf

afp20210215p227.pdf

...8. American Psychiatric Association. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder (revision). Am J Psychiatry. 2002; 159(4 suppl): 1-50. 9. Merikangas KR, Akiskal HS, Angst J, et al. Lifetime and 12-month preva- lence of bipolar spectrum disorder in the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/afp20210215p227.pdf

afp20210215p250.pdf

...Practice Guidelines ACIP Approves 2021 Adult and Child/ Adolescent Immunization Schedules Published online February 12, 2021. The 2021 adult and child/adolescent immu- nization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/afp20210215p250.pdf

afp20210215p252.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia: Updated Guidelines from the Wilderness Medical Society Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) occurs when exertion results in sodium concentration less than 135 mEq per L (135 mmol per L), and symptoms can present up to 24...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/afp20210215p252.pdf

afp20210301p275.pdf

...C Expert opinion and clinical practice guideline Electrodiagnostic testing should be used as an adjunct to physical examina- tion and imaging to help confirm the diagnosis of peripheral nerve injury, establish the severity of injury, and monitor progression of nerve damage.50...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/afp20210301p275.pdf

afp20210301p314.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Colonoscopy Follow-up: U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer Updates Recommendations Coverage of guidelines from other organizations does not imply endorsement by AFP or the AAFP. This series is coordinated by Michael J. Arnold, MD, con-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/afp20210301p314.pdf

afp20210315p345.pdf

...6. Lichtman DM, Bindra RR, Boyer MI, et al. American Academy of Ortho- paedic Surgeons clinical practice guideline on: the treatment of distal radius fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011; 93(8): 775-778. 7. van Delft EAK, van Gelder TG, de Vries R, et al. Duration of cast...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/afp20210315p345.pdf

afp20210315p380.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Medications for Smoking Cessation: Guidelines from the American Thoracic Society Despite concerted efforts at reducing tobacco use, cig- arette smoking remains the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States. Since 1994,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/afp20210315p380.pdf

afp20210401p407.pdf

...HIV Info https:// aidsinfo.nih.gov Department of Health and Human Services practice guidelines International Antiviral Society-USA https:// www.iasusa.org Webinars, courses National Clinician Consultation Center, HIV/AIDS Mangement https:// nccc.ucsf.edu 800-933-3413...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/afp20210401p407.pdf

afp20210401p422.pdf

...36. Tunkel AR, Hasbun R, Bhimraj A, et al. 2017 Infectious Dis- eases Society of America’s clinical practice guidelines for healthcare-associated ventriculitis and meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2017; 64(6): e34-e65. 37. Huy NT, Thao NT, Diep DT, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid lac-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/afp20210401p422.pdf

afp20210401p442.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Chronic Insomnia Disorder: Updated Guidelines from the VA/DoD Sleep disturbances are common and likely underdiagnosed. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects up to 38% of U.S. adults, especially men, postmenopausal women, and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/afp20210401p442.pdf

afp20210415p452.pdf

...The North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) issued a clinical practice guideline for the diagnostic evaluation of suspected NAFLD.4 The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) endorsed the guideline and key recommendations5: •...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/afp20210415p452.pdf

afp20210415p453.pdf

...The North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) issued a clinical practice guideline for the diagnostic evaluation of suspected NAFLD.4 The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) endorsed the guideline and key recommendations5: •...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/afp20210415p453.pdf

afp20210415p455.pdf

...See related practice guideline on page 507. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense (VA/DoD), a health sys- tem with more than 20 million beneficiaries, has developed clinical practice guidelines over the past 25 years to promote straightforward,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/afp20210415p455.pdf

afp20210415p465.pdf

...guidelines on the diag- nosis of COVID-19: serologic testing. August 18, 2020. Accessed February 14, 2021. https:// www.idsociety.org/ practice-guideline/covid-19-guideline-serology 38. Infectious Diseases Society of America. Vaccines FAQ. Updated March 5, 2021. Accessed March...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/afp20210415p465.pdf

afp20210415p507.pdf

...Practice Guidelines Dyslipidemia Management for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Guidelines from the VA/DoD Cardiovascular disease caused by atheroscle- rosis causes significant morbidity and mortality, which can be improved by controlling risk factors through lifestyle...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/afp20210415p507.pdf

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