Search Results for

Medicine by the numbers

1601-1700 of 7125 Results
Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

Deep Venous Thrombosis: Home vs. Inpatient Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2018 - Patients treated at home with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) have lower rates of recurrent VTE than those treated in a hospital.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p642.html

AHRQ's Tools for Better Practice: Helping Family Physicians Manage Today's Challenges -...

Nov 1, 2017 - The AHRQ invests in innovative primary care research to generate new knowledge, synthesize existing evidence that is applicable to the primary care setting, and create tools for improving primary care practice. They would like your feedback on the tools included in this article.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p569.html

Potential Harms of Computed Tomography: The Role of Informed Consent - Editorials - ...

Sep 1, 2013 - The use of CT imaging has risen dramatically in the past two decades, and there is substantial evidence that it is overused. One concern is that the harms and risks of CT have been underestimated and poorly understood, and are not often discussed with patients. These harms should be ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p294.html

Triple Inhaled Therapy Provides a Small Reduction in Moderate COPD Exacerbations, No ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Triple inhaled therapy, with budesonide (Pulmicort) in a dose of either 160 mcg or 320 mcg daily plus a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and a long-acting beta2 agonist (LABA), reduces moderate exacerbations (a need for an antibiotic or steroid for three or more days) more than ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/od2.html

Therapist-Guided, Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety - FPIN's ...

Oct 1, 2018 - Therapist-guided, Internet-delivered CBT can be used as an effective treatment for anxiety in adults and is similar in effectiveness to face-to-face CBT.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p459.html

Management of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2003 - Carpal tunnel syndrome affects approximately 3 percent of adults in the United States. Pain and paresthesias in the distribution of the median nerve are the classic symptoms. While Tinel's sign and a positive Phalen's maneuver are classic clinical signs of the syndrome, hypalgesia and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p265.html

Allergen Immunotherapy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Allergen immunotherapy (also called allergy vaccine therapy) involves the administration of gradually increasing quantities of specific allergens to patients with IgE-mediated conditions until a dose is reached that is effective in reducing disease severity from natural exposure. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p689.html

West Nile Virus in the United States: An Update on an Emerging Infectious Disease - ...

Aug 15, 2003 - West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus and human neuropathogen. Since the virus was recognized in New York City in 1999, it has spread rapidly across the United States, with human disease documented in 39 states and the District of Columbia. West Nile virus can cause a broad ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p653.html

Latex Allergy - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1998 - Natural latex from the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis is an allergen in persons with significant cumulative latex exposure, such as those in the health care and rubber industries, as well as those undergoing repeated surgeries, especially if they undergo surgeries early in life. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0101/p93.html

Recognition and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1998 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder is relatively common; however, its actual incidence has only recently become clear. The neurotransmitter serotonin appears to have a central role in this disorder. Males and females are affected equally, with onset usually occurring in late adolescence. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1623.html

Impact of Exercise-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Dec 1, 2016 - Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation reduces cardiovascular mortality and hospitalization. There is no evidence that it reduces the rates of total mortality, myocardial infarctions, coronary artery bypass grafts, or percutaneous coronary interventions.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p881.html

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults: Part II. Glomerular ...

Sep 15, 2004 - The Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative of the National Kidney Foundation published clinical practice guidelines on chronic kidney disease in February 2002. Of the 15 guidelines, the first six are of greatest relevance to family physicians. Part II of this two-part review covers ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1091.html

Duration of Bisphosphonate Therapy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2018 - Oral bisphosphonates significantly reduce clinical fracture risk at four years in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (T-score less than −2.5). Treatment beyond five years is associated with further reductions in fractures in women with persistent femoral neck T-scores less than −2.5.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/od1.html

Sarcoidosis - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause affecting young and middle-aged adults. Patients commonly present with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, pulmonary infiltrates, and ocular and skin lesions. The heart, liver,spleen, salivary glands, muscles,bones, kidneys, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p312.html

Prevention and Early Detection of Malignant Melanoma - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - In addressing the problem of malignant melanoma, family physicians should emphasize primary prevention. This includes educating patients about the importance of avoiding excessive sun exposure and preventing sunburns, and advising them about the importance of prompt self-referral for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2277.html

Common Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Over-the-counter dietary supplements to treat obesity appeal to many patients who desire a 'magic bullet' for weight loss. Asking overweight patients about their use of weight-loss supplements and understanding the evidence for the efficacy, safety, and quality of these supplements are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1731.html

Gluten Is Not the Culprit in Many Patients’ Symptoms - POEMs - American Family Physician

May 1, 2016 - Gluten may not be the cause of gastrointestinal symptoms in many patients with nonceliac gluten sensitivity. Only one-third of patients on a gluten-free diet experienced symptoms and correctly identified when they were given gluten-containing flour. Almost one-half (49%) of patients ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p788.html

Vilazodone (Viibryd) for the Treatment of Depression - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - The available evidence does not support the routine use of vilazodone in the treatment of depression. It is significantly more expensive than generic alternatives and is no more effective for moderate to severe depression than selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or tricyclic ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p263.html

Cutaneous Melanoma: Update on Prevention, Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment - ...

Jul 15, 2005 - Melanoma is an increasingly common malignancy, and it affects a younger population than most cancers. Risk factors for melanoma include white race, sun sensitivity, family history of melanoma, and melanocytic nevi. Sunburn and intermittent sun exposure appear to increase the risk of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p269.html

Depression in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Depression among children and adolescents is common but frequently unrecognized. It affects 2 percent of prepubertal children and 5 to 8 percent of adolescents. The clinical spectrum of the disease can range from simple sadness to a major depressive or bipolar disorder. Risk factors ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2297.html

Work-Related Asthma - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2001 - Work-related asthma accounts for at least 10 percent of all cases of adult asthma. Work-related asthma includes work aggravation of preexisting asthma and new-onset asthma induced by occupational exposure. Occupational exposure to very high concentrations of an irritant substance can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1839.html

Stinging Insect Allergy - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2003 - Systemic allergic reactions to insect stings are estimated to occur in about 1 percent of children and 3 percent of adults. In children, these reactions usually are limited to cutaneous signs, with urticaria and angioedema; adults more commonly have airway obstruction or hypotension. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2541.html

Vulvar Cancer - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - Vulvar cancer was reported in 3,200 women in 1998, resulting in 800 deaths. Recent evidence suggests that vulvar cancer comprises two separate diseases. The first type may develop from vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia caused by human papillomavirus infection and is increasing in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1269.html

Allergy Testing - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - Percutaneous and intradermal skin tests and laboratory assays of specific IgE antibodies may be useful in selected cases of allergy management. Percutaneous testing kits are available from various manufacturers. A number of common allergens are available in standardized preparations. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p621.html

Topical Antifungals for Treatment of Onychomycosis - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Topical antifungal agents are effective in treating onychomycosis, with a number needed to treat (NNT) of 7 to 17.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p734.html

Stroke: Part II. Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke - American Family Physician

May 15, 1999 - Optimal treatment of the patient who has sustained an acute ischemic stroke requires rapid assessment and early intervention. The leisurely approach to acute stroke management sometimes taken in the past should be replaced by an approach that treats stroke as a true medical emergency. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2828.html

A Practical Approach to Uncomplicated Seizures in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - Uncomplicated seizures and epilepsy are common in infants and children. Family physicians should be aware of certain epilepsy syndromes that occur in children, such as febrile seizures, benign focal epilepsy of childhood, complex partial epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and video ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1109.html

Perioperative Management of Diabetes - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2003 - Maintaining glycemic and metabolic control is difficult in diabetic patients who are undergoing surgery. The preoperative evaluation of all patients with diabetes should include careful screening for asymptomatic cardiac or renal disease. Frequent self-monitoring of glucose levels is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p93.html

In High-Risk Older Patients with Atrial Fibrillation, Rhythm Control Reduces ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - In high-risk older patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation, a strategy of rhythm control results in fewer cardiovascular deaths and fewer strokes.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p440.html

Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children: The Case of the Shifting End ...

Jan 15, 2012 - A discussion of why the conclusion of a high-profile study, which suggests that antibiotics are beneficial in children six to 23 months of age with acute otitis media, is incorrect.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p104.html

Hepatitis C: Part I. Routine Serologic Testing and Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - Hepatitis C, which is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), is a major public health problem in the United States. HCV is most efficiently transmitted through large or repeated percutaneous exposures to blood. Most patients with acute HCV infection develop persistent infection, and 70 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p79.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1998 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections encountered by primary care physicians. Although UTIs do not occur with as great a frequency in children as in adults, they can be a source of significant morbidity in children. For reasons that are not yet ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1573.html

Genitourinary Infections and Their Association with Preterm Labor - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Genitourinary tract infections are one cause of preterm delivery. Prematurity is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in the United States. Uterine contractions may be induced by cytokines and prostaglandins, which are released by microorganisms. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p241.html

Asthma Update: Part II. Medical Management - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program recently updated its guidelines for the management of asthma. An evidence-based approach was used to examine several key issues regarding appropriate medical therapy for patients with asthma. The updated guidelines have clarified ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1061.html

Medicine by the Numbers

...November 1, 2015 ◆ Volume 92, Number 9 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 772A ➤ Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome THAD WILKINS, MD; EDWARD AGABIN, MD; and LINDSAY BLAKE, MLIS Details for This Review Study Population:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/afp20151101od1.pdf

Global Health: It Matters Now More Than Ever - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2015 - Diseases once confined to the third or developing world are now everyone's concern. Global has truly become local. Having some knowledge of and competencies in global health is not only relevant, but also essential, for every family physician.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p254.html

Adhesive Capsulitis: A Sticky Issue - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1999 - The shoulder is a very complex joint that is crucial to many activities of daily living. Decreased shoulder mobility is a serious clinical finding. A global decrease in shoulder range of motion is called adhesive capsulitis, referring to the actual adherence of the shoulder capsule to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1843.html

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults - ...

May 15, 2019 - A.F., a 32-year-old woman, presents for a health maintenance visit. It has been more than a year since she was last seen. She has no significant medical history and has never used tobacco, alcohol, or any other substances.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p649.html

New Drugs for Alzheimer's Disease - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - Alzheimer's disease is characterized by degeneration of various structures in the brain, with development of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Deficiencies of acetylcholine and other neurotransmitters also occur. Pharmacologic treatment of the disease generally seeks to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1175.html

Contemporary Management of Angina: Part I. Risk Assessment - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1999 - Ischemic heart disease is one of the most common disorders managed by family physicians. Stratifying patients according to risk is important early in the course of the disease to identify patients who require invasive (percutaneous or surgical) treatment. Physical examination, clinical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2543.html

Milk Thistle - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Milk thistle has been used as a cytoprotectant for the treatment of liver disease, for the treatment and prevention of cancer, and as a supportive treatment of Amanita phalloides poisoning. Clinical studies are largely heterogeneous and contradictory. Aside from mild gastrointestinal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1285.html

Sickle Cell Disease in Childhood: Part I. Laboratory Diagnosis, Pathophysiology and ...

Sep 1, 2000 - Over the past 25 years, morbidity and mortality have decreased significantly in children with sickle cell disease, and screening tests are now available to diagnose the disease in newborns. The incidence of sepsis caused by pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae infections has declined...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1013.html

Screening for Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - Approximately 10 to 15 percent of all breast cancers are thought to be familial and about one third of these cases are due to an inherited mutation in a BRCA1 or BRCA2 breast cancer-susceptibility gene. The lifetime incidence of breast cancer in mutation carriers is above 50 percent, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p99.html

Medicine by the Numbers

October 1, 2016:

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/afp20161001od1.pdf

Interventions to Prevent Falls and Fractures in Community-Dwelling Older Adults - ...

Aug 15, 2018 - Mr. and Mrs. J. present to your office for their annual wellness visits. He is 75 years of age, has well-controlled hypertension, does not smoke, and has a body mass index (BMI) of 26 kg per m2. He recently fell while walking from his home to a neighborhood barbeque.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p253.html

The Annual Pelvic Examination: Preventive Time Not Well Spent - Editorials - American ...

Jan 1, 2013 - Given the lack of evidence to support annual pelvic examinations, it would be better for patients if we spend that time addressing screening, counseling, and other preventive services for which strong evidence exists.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p8.html

Management of Withdrawal Syndromes and Relapse Prevention in Drug and Alcohol Abuse - ...

Jul 1, 1998 - The primary care physician is in a good position to diagnose, manage and intervene with patients who are undergoing the process of treatment and recovery from alcohol and drug disorders. Medications such as benzodiazepines are effective in the treatment of withdrawal syndromes, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0701/p139.html

Physicians Must Be Vigilant for Sex Trafficking in Unaccompanied Minors - Letters to ...

May 15, 2015 - ...National Center for Missing and Exploited Children conservatively estimates at least 100,000 children are exploited by DMST each year.5 Such numbers represent many missed opportunities to identify, care for, and potentially assist in freeing minors from this form of slavery. Family...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p674.html

Health Care Screening for Men Who Have Sex with Men - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - Men who have sex with men often do not reveal their sexual practices or sexual orientation to their physician. Lack of disclosure from the patient, discomfort or inadequate training of the physician, perceived or real hostility from medical staff, and insufficient screening guidelines ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2149.html

Educational Guidelines for Achieving Tight Control and Minimizing Complications of Type...

Nov 1, 1999 - Tight glucose control with intensive therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes (formerly known as juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes) can delay the onset and slow the progression of retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. Optimal blood glucose control is defined by a target ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p1985.html

The Relief of Getting a Diagnosis - Close-ups - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2009 - The personal side of medicine told from the patient's perspective. The patient's story is followed by commentary from a physician and a list of resources.

American Family Physician : Close-ups

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1223.html

Uncommon Adverse Effects of Commonly Abused Illicit Drugs - Editorials - American ...

Jul 1, 2013 - Illicit drug use should be considered in the differential diagnosis of many clinical presentations, because the list of known deleterious effects is growing. There are an increasing number of case reports involving uncommon adverse effects of commonly abused illicit drugs.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p10.html

Endogenous Endophthalmitis: Case Report and Brief Review - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - Endogenous endophthalmitis is a potentially blinding ocular infection resulting from hematogenous spread from a remote primary source. The condition is relatively rare but may become more common as the number of chronically debilitated patients and the use of invasive procedures ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p510.html

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - Severe fatigue is a common complaint among patients. Often, the fatigue is transient or can be attributed to a definable organic illness. Some patients present with persistent and disabling fatigue, but show no abnormalities on physical examination or screening laboratory tests. In ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1083.html

Effective Use of Statins to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2001 - Primary and secondary prevention trials have shown that use of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (also known as statins) to lower an elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level can substantially reduce coronary events and death from coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p309.html

Quinupristin-Dalfopristin: A New Antibiotic for Severe Gram-Positive Infections - ...

Dec 1, 2001 - The steady increase in resistant organisms is related to the widespread use of antibiotics in community and hospital settings. New therapeutic options are needed, including treatments for infections caused by antibiotic-resistant gram-positive organisms. Quinupristin-dalfopristin, the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1863.html

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: A Zebra Worth Knowing About - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2002 - Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe cardiopulmonary illness most often caused by the Sin Nombre virus, which is transmitted to humans by inhalation of aerosolized particles of rodent excreta or direct rodent contact. Although HPS is more common in the western United States, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p1015.html

Witnessing Domestic Violence: the Effect on Children - Medicine and Society - American ...

Dec 1, 2002 - ...Medicine and Society Witnessing Domestic Violence: The Effect on Children MELISSA M. STILES, M.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician. 2002 Dec 1;66(11):2052-2067. Domestic violence is an ongoing experience of physical, psychologic,...

American Family Physician : Medicine and Society

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2052.html

Evaluation of Clumsiness in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - Parents and physicians often dismiss seemingly minor motor difficulties in children. Approximately 6 percent of school-aged children have coordination problems serious enough to interfere with academic performance and social integration. These problems often arise during the early ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1435.html

AFP 2018: How We’re Doing - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2018 - This editorial updates and adds to previous reports on statistics for American Family Physician (AFP).

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/p772.html

Secondary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease in Elderly Patients - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Coronary heart disease remains a leading cause of mortality in the United States, with 84 percent of persons 65 years or older dying from this disease. Secondary preventive measures, including lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy, are important for elderly patients because of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2289.html

Health Issues in Men: Part II. Common Psychosocial Disorders - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - During screening examinations and, when appropriate, other health-related visits, family physicians should be alert for signs and symptoms of common psychosocial disorders in men. Health issues of concern include alcohol and substance abuse, domestic violence, midlife crisis and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p117.html

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and the CT Scan - AFP Journal Club - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2011 - Is CT sensitive enough to rule out subarachnoid hemorrhage? This study says yes, but rretrospective studies are inherently problematic. Normal head CT should be followed by a lumbar puncture.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p632.html

Epilepsy in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - Epilepsy in women raises special reproductive and general health concerns. Seizure frequency and severity may change at puberty, over the menstrual cycle, with pregnancy, and at menopause. Estrogen is known to increase the risk of seizures, while progesterone has an inhibitory effect. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1489.html

Prevention of Neonatal Group B Streptococcal Infection - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1998 - Neonatal group B streptococcal infection is the primary cause of neonatal morbidity related to infection. It can often be prevented by identifying and treating pregnant women who carry group B streptococci or who are at highest risk of transmitting the bacteria to newborns. Increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2713.html

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Radiation Cystitis - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Sep 15, 2016 - ...or transfusion. Radiation cystitis is one of the most common diseases I treat as medical director of a hospital-based hyperbaric medicine facility. A retrospective review of 60 patients who received an average of 33 hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) treatments showed that 80% of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p418.html

Clopidogrel Plus Aspirin Provides More Net Benefit Than Aspirin Alone After Minor ...

Feb 1, 2019 - This study provides support for a strategy of adding clopidogrel to aspirin for the first week or so after a minor ischemic stroke or TIA because this is when the greatest benefit occurs. Harms were spread fairly evenly throughout the study period.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p188a.html

Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2015 - Dapagliflozin will lower A1C levels by an average of 0.7 percentage points when used alone or by an average of 0.5 percentage points when added to metformin therapy. Its effect on diabetes-associated morbidity and mortality has not been studied, and although it is well tolerated, there ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p828.html

Clostridium difficile Infection: Prevention and Treatment - Implementing AHRQ Effective...

Feb 1, 2018 - How effective are interventions to prevent and treat Clostridium difficile infection?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/p196.html

Assessment and Treatment of Depression Following Myocardial Infarction - American ...

Aug 15, 2001 - Approximately 65 percent of patients with acute myocardial infarction report experiencing symptoms of depression. Major depression is present in 15 to 22 percent of these patients. Depression is an independent risk factor in the development of and mortality associated with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0815/p641.html

Contemporary Management of Angina: Part II. Medical Management of Chronic Stable Angina...

Jan 1, 2000 - Except for a small subset of patients with angina whose survival is improved with coronary artery bypass surgery, chronic stable angina can be appropriately managed with medical therapy in the vast majority of patients. Drug therapy includes aspirin, beta-adrenergic blockers, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p129.html

Osteoporosis in Men - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Osteoporosis in men is now recognized as an increasingly important public health issue. About 30 percent of hip fractures occur in men, and one in eight men older than 50 years will have an osteoporotic fracture. Because of their greater peak bone mass, men usually present with hip, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1521.html

Recognizing Problem Sleepiness in Your Patient - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Normal sleep is required for optimal functioning. Normal wakefulness should be effortless and free of unintended sleep episodes. Problem sleepiness is common and occurs when the quantity of sleep is inadequate because of primary sleep disorders, other medical conditions or lifestyle ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p937.html

Pharmacologic Treatment of Hypertension in Adults Aged 60 Years or Older: A Guideline ...

May 1, 2017 - A high standard must be met when guidelines recommend lifelong preventive medications, knowing that at best, a small minority of patients will benefit and that all are risking harm.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p547.html

Newer Intranasal Migraine Medications - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2000 - Two new intranasal migraine medications, sumatriptan and dihydroergotamine mesylate, may offer specific advantages for patients who are seeking alternatives to various oral or parenteral migraine abortive therapies. Placebo-controlled clinical studies demonstrate that both intranasal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p180.html

Pharmacologic Options for the Treatment of Chronic Daily Headache - Letters to the ...

Dec 15, 2014 - ...overuse headaches.2 As a result, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN), the American Headache Society, and the American Board of Internal Medicine (in its Choosing Wisely campaign) recommend avoiding its use as a first-line agent for the treatment of headaches.3 The list of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p818.html

Sporotrichoid Lymphocutaneous Infections: Etiology, Diagnosis and Therapy - American ...

Jan 15, 2001 - Sporotrichoid lymphocutaneous infection is an uncommon syndrome that is often misdiagnosed and improperly treated. Of the several hundred cases seen each year in the United States, the majority are caused by Sporothrix schenckii, Nocardia brasiliensis, Mycobacterium marinum or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p326.html

Interventions Aimed at Increasing Childhood Vaccination Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Nov 1, 2015 - Community discussions, community meetings, and information campaigns may increase immunization uptake in areas with only moderate vaccine use. There is no clear evidence to guide face-to-face educational interventions, and the impact of face-to-face interventions is uncertain in areas ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p775.html

General Health Checks for Reducing Morbidity and Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2013 - Although general health checks increase the number of new diagnoses, they do not decrease total, cardiovascular-related, or cancer-related morbidity or mortality. The studies in this Cochrane review have limited applicability to the current recommended practice of providing selective, ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/p432.html

Treatments for Nocturnal Leg Cramps - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2017 - Calcium channel blockers or B vitamins may lead to short-term improvement in nocturnal leg cramps. Stretching has mixed results. Quinine is effective but is no longer recommended, and it is not approved for treatment of leg cramps because of potential toxicity.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/od3.html

Dietary Therapy for Children with Hypercholesterolemia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Accumulating evidence clearly shows that atherosclerosis begins in youth. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has recommended that children at high risk of developing coronary artery disease as adults be screened so that those with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p675.html

Autism: A Medical Primer - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Autistic disorder, a pervasive developmental disorder resulting in social, language, or sensorimotor deficits, occurs in approximately seven of 10,000 persons. Early detection and intervention significantly improve outcome, with about one third of autistic persons achieving some degree ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1667.html

Somatizing Patients: Part II. Practical Management - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - Somatization is the experiencing of physical symptoms in response to emotional distress. It is a common and costly disorder that is frustrating to patients and physicians. Successful treatment of somatization requires giving an acceptable explanation of the symptoms to the patient, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1423.html

Evaluation and Treatment of ADHD - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are present in as many as 9 percent of school-age children. ADHD-specific questionnaires can help determine whether children meet diagnostic criteria for the disorder. The recommended evaluation also includes documenting the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p817.html

Breast Cancer in Older Women - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - The American Geriatric Society currently recommends screening mammography for women up to 85 years of age whose life expectancy is three years or longer. The value of clinical breast examinations in older women needs further study. Total mastectomy and partial mastectomy with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1163.html

Identifying Patients with Headache Who Are at Risk of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage - ...

Aug 15, 2018 - When is urgent imaging warranted in patients presenting with sudden, severe, nontraumatic headache and normal findings on a neurologic examination?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p256.html

Neurologic Complications of Prostate Cancer - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Neurologic complications continue to pose problems in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. From 15 to 30 percent of metastases are the result of prostate cancer cells traveling through Batson's plexus to the lumbar spine. Metastatic disease in the lumbar area can cause spinal cord ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1834.html

Increasing Potassium Intake May Help Mitigate Cardiovascular Risk - Letters to the ...

Sep 15, 2015 - ...Persons at risk of hyperkalemia, such as those who have chronic kidney disease or take medicines that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, should use caution in increasing their dietary potassium intake. However, for other patients with hypertension, increasing dietary...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p430.html

DVT and Pulmonary Embolism: Part I. Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - The incidence of venous thromboembolic diseases is increasing as the U.S. population ages. At least one established risk factor is present in approximately 75 percent of patients who develop these diseases. Hospitalized patients and nursing home residents account for one half of all ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2829.html

Preventive Strategies in Chronic Liver Disease: Part II. Cirrhosis - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2001 - Cirrhosis is a diffuse process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules. The modified Child-Pugh score, which ranks the severity of cirrhosis based on signs and liver function test results, has been shown to predict ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1115/p1735.html

Efficient Identification of Adults with Depression and Dementia - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2004 - Family physicians must decide how to screen for depression or dementia and which patients to screen. Mental health questionnaires can be helpful. In practice-based screening, questionnaires are administered to all patients, regardless of risk status. In case-finding screening, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1101.html

Antiviral Drugs in Healthy Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - Several antiviral agents are available to treat viral illnesses in healthy children. In some children, treatment with acyclovir is an alternative to vaccination for the treatment and prevention of chickenpox. Acyclovir also can be useful in the treatment or prevention of herpes simplex ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1073.html

Topical Fluoroquinolones for Eye and Ear - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2000 - Topical fluoroquinolones are now available for use in the eye and ear. Their broad spectrum of activity includes the common eye and ear pathogens Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For the treatment of acute otitis externa, these agents are as effective as previously ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1870.html

Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part II. Treatment of Influenza and ...

Feb 15, 2003 - Family physicians should be familiar with the various drugs available for treating and preventing viral infections. Part II of this two-part article focuses on agents used to manage influenza and respiratory syncytial virus. Rimantadine and amantadine traditionally have been used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p763.html

Evaluation and Management of Nonulcer Dyspepsia - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2004 - When no organic cause for dyspepsia is found, the condition generally is considered to be functional, or idiopathic. Nonulcer dyspepsia can cause a variety of symptoms, including abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and vomiting. Many patients with nonulcer dyspepsia have multiple somatic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p107.html

Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining therapies is ethical and medically appropriate in some circumstances. This article summarizes the American Medical Association's Education for Physicians on End-of-life Care (EPEC) curriculum module on withholding or withdrawing therapy. Before...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1555.html

How Do Clinical Practice Guidelines Go Awry? - AFP Journal Club - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2012 - Many guidelines are dominated by recommendations from experts and are not based on sound clinical studies. The development of clinical practice guidelines needs to be transparent and devoid of commercial, financial, and political influences. Physicians should also be wary of outdated ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p514.html

Cutaneous Sarcoidosis: A Dermatologic Masquerader - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease that may involve almost any organ system; therefore, it results in various clinical manifestations. Cutaneous sarcoidosis occurs in up to one third of patients with systemic sarcoidosis. Recognition of cutaneous lesions is important because they ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1581.html

Dapagliflozin in High-Risk Type 2 Diabetes Reduces Hospitalization for Heart Failure ...

Aug 1, 2019 - The only cardiovascular benefit to treatment with dapagliflozin was a reduction in the likelihood of hospitalization; 125 patients would need to be treated for 10 years to prevent one hospitalization.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p184.html

How to Write an Evidence-Based Clinical Review Article - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2002 - Traditional clinical review articles, also known as updates, differ from systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Updates selectively review the medical literature while discussing a topic broadly. Non-quantitative systematic reviews comprehensively examine the medical literature, seeking ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p251.html

25 50 100 results per page