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Medicine by the numbers

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Refractive Eye Surgery: Helping Patients Make Informed Decisions About LASIK - American...

May 15, 2017 - A variety of refractive surgery techniques, which reshape the corneal stroma using laser energy, have been marketed as simple and safe alternatives to glasses or contact lenses. Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most common of these procedures. Although there are few ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p637.html

Perioperative Cardiovascular Medication Management in Noncardiac Surgery: Common ...

May 15, 2017 - Several medications have been used perioperatively in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery in an attempt to improve outcomes. Antiplatelet therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular events should generally be discontinued seven to 10 days before surgery to avoid increasing the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p645.html

Should Screening Techniques for Colorectal Cancer All Have an 'A' Recommendation? No: ...

May 15, 2017 - The AAFP will continue to evaluate different screening tests as more research becomes available, but currently can endorse only those options that have the strongest evidence that benefits exceed harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p618.html

AAFP News - May 15, 2017 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2017 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p614.html

Patients on High-deductible Plans Need Primary Care Coverage

Patients with high-deductible health plans often avoid preventive care, leading to higher health care costs down the road. Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin outlines an AAFP policy proposal that would provide such patients with access to ...

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/patients_on_high_deductible_plans.html

Oral NSAIDs for Perineal Pain in the Early Postpartum Period - Medicine by the Numbers ...

May 1, 2017 - Oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were able to adequately relieve perineal pain for many postpartum women at four hours and longer.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/od1.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2016 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - This article summarizes the top 20 original research studies and four practice guidelines of 2016, based on regular literature surveillance and as selected by members of the Canadian Medical Association. The studies, known as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters), were rated ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p572.html

Recreational Waterborne Illnesses: Recognition, Treatment, and Prevention - American ...

May 1, 2017 - Illness after recreational water activities can be caused by a variety of agents, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, algae, and even chlorine gas. These illnesses are more common in summer. Waterborne illnesses are underreported because most recreational activity occurs in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p554.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Estimating Cardiovascular Risk - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) depends on accurate estimation of cardiovascular risk. However, a recent systematic review identified 363 prediction models.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p580.html

Beta2 Agonists for Acute Cough or a Clinical Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2017 - There is insufficient evidence to determine whether beta2 agonists can improve symptoms for children with acute cough or bronchitis with wheeze. Beta2 agonists are not likely to benefit and may cause adverse effects in adults who do not have evidence of airflow restriction (number ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p551.html

Pharmacologic Treatment of Hypertension in Adults Aged 60 Years or Older: A Guideline ...

May 1, 2017 - A high standard must be met when guidelines recommend lifelong preventive medications, knowing that at best, a small minority of patients will benefit and that all are risking harm.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p547.html

Finding Purple: Creating Nonpartisan Paths to Advance Primary Care

Lynne Lillie, M.D., writes that family physicians are uniquely positioned to find a path through polarized politics that can lead to a solution to our health care crisis.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/finding_purple_creating_nonpartisan_paths.html

Twins Multiply Challenges -- and Rewards -- of Breastfeeding

Beth Oller, M.D., shares her insights from one of the hardest things she's ever done: breastfeeding twins.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/twins_multiply_challenges_and_rewards.html

Peritonsillar Abscess - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2017 - Peritonsillar abscess is the most common deep infection of the head and neck, occurring primarily in young adults. Diagnosis is usually made on the basis of clinical presentation and examination. Symptoms and findings generally include fever, sore throat, dysphagia, trismus, and a hot ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p501.html

AAFP News - Apr 15, 2017 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2017 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p478.html

Sorry, I'm Too Busy for Your Busy Work

Kimberly Becher, M.D., writes that physicians are spending too much time defending their inboxes against busy work from payers and pharmacies.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/sorry_i_m_too_busy.html

Vitamin E in Pregnancy - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2017 - Vitamin E supplementation in pregnant women does not show any benefit among the most patient-important outcomes.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/od1.html

Postpartum Hemorrhage: Prevention and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2017 - Postpartum hemorrhage is common and can occur in patients without risk factors for hemorrhage. Active management of the third stage of labor should be used routinely to reduce its incidence. Use of oxytocin after delivery of the anterior shoulder is the most important and effective ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p442.html

Management of Chronic Pain and Opioid Misuse: A Position Paper from the AAFP - Practice...

Apr 1, 2017 - Overprescribing, misuse, diversion, and dependence on opioids have occurred as a result of external pressures, physician behavior, inadequate evidence, and pharmacologic development. Family physicians could play an important role in alleviating these problems; therefore, the American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p458.html

Medicare Annual Wellness Visits: How to Get Patients and Physicians on Board -- FPM

Apr 1, 2017 - Patients are more likely to schedule a wellness visit if their physician recommends it, but that won't happen without staff support.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0300/p12.html

Managing Behavioral Health Issues in Primary Care: Six Five-Minute Tools -- FPM

Apr 1, 2017 - These practical strategies can help family physicians support patients with depression, anxiety, and other behavioral health issues.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0300/p30.html

What Can a PA or NP Do for Your Practice? -- FPM

Apr 1, 2017 - If your workload is no longer sustainable, it may be time to consider adding a certified physician assistant or nurse practitioner to your practice.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0300/p19.html

Improving Daily Practice With Four Medical Apps -- FPM

Apr 1, 2017 - These mobile apps can help physicians and patients with treatment recommendations, treatment adherence, and smoking cessation.

Family Practice Management : SPPACES: App Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0300/p27.html

Effects of Altered Dietary Salt Intake in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease - ...

Apr 1, 2017 - Reducing salt intake lowers blood pressure and reduces proteinuria in patients with CKD, but there is no evidence to determine whether lowering salt consumption leads to clinically significant reductions in end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular events, or all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p423.html

Placebo Plus Message of Benefit Decreases Chronic Low Back Pain - POEMs - American ...

Apr 1, 2017 - These investigators gave twice daily placebo to patients with chronic back pain and told them it was placebo. They also told them that placebos can have a pronounced effect (which is true). The addition of placebo to usual care improved patients' pain and disability scores over the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p456.html

AAFP News - Apr 1, 2017 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2017 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p416.html

AHCA Won't Help Patients Who Need It Most

We asked our new physician bloggers how the American Health Care Act would affect their patients. Most said the legislation would hurt the poor, the elderly and the disabled.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/ahca_won_t_help_patients.html

End-of-Life Care: Managing Common Symptoms - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2017 - Physicians should be proficient at managing symptoms as patients progress through the dying process. When possible, proactive regimens that prevent symptoms should be used, because it is generally easier to prevent than to treat an acute symptom. As swallowing function diminishes, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p356.html

Multiple Myeloma: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2017 - Multiple myeloma accounts for 1.6% of all cancer cases and approximately 10% of hematologic malignancies in the United States. In 2015, an estimated 28,850 new cases of multiple myeloma were diagnosed in the United States, and the disease caused more than 11,000 deaths. Patients older ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p373.html

Mastering the Art of Communication Takes Compassion

Whether delivering a difficult diagnosis or bridging actual language barriers, Kurt Bravata, M.D., writes that clear communication is critical to patient care.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/mastering_the_art_of_communication.html

Syncope: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Syncope is an abrupt and transient loss of consciousness caused by cerebral hypoperfusion. It accounts for 1% to 1.5% of emergency department visits, resulting in high hospital admission rates and significant medical costs. Syncope is classified as neurally mediated, cardiac, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p303.html

Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Placebo for Opioid Dependence - Medicine by the Numbers -...

Mar 1, 2017 - Buprenorphine causes lower physical dependence, milder withdrawal symptoms, and is less likely to cause an overdose than methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/od1.html

Preventive Health Care for Women Who Have Sex with Women - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p314.html

Management of Binge-Eating Disorder in Adults - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care...

Mar 1, 2017 - What are the benefits and harms of treatments for adults with binge-eating disorder?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p324.html

Proteinuria in Children: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2017 - Although proteinuria is usually benign in the form of transient or orthostatic proteinuria, persistent proteinuria may be associated with more serious renal diseases. Proteinuria may be an independent risk factor for the progression of chronic kidney disease in children. Mechanisms of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p248.html

Rifaximin (Xifaxan) for Irritable Bowel Syndrome - STEPS - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2017 - Rifaximin has good overall tolerability. A relatively short course of treatment results in sustained clinical benefit for at least 10 weeks, eliminating the need for continued therapy, with an NNT of 10. However, it is expensive and should be reserved for patients who cannot tolerate or...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/p258.html

Steroids at 34 to 36 Weeks’ and Before Term Cesarean Decrease Respiratory Distress ...

Feb 15, 2017 - For women admitted for imminent premature delivery at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, one or two doses of betamethasone or dexamethasone (8 to 12 mg) decrease the likelihood of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and shorten lengths of stay in the intensive care unit.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/od2.html

Antiepileptic Drugs After First Unprovoked Seizure - Medicine by the Numbers - American...

Feb 1, 2017 - The decision to start an antiepileptic drug after a first unprovoked seizure has long been a clinically challenging one.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/od1.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2017 - Myocardial infarction (MI), a subset of acute coronary syndrome, is damage to the cardiac muscle as evidenced by elevated cardiac troponin levels in the setting of acute ischemia. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Chest pain is a common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p170.html

The State of Family Medicine: 2017 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2017 - With tremendous change taking place in health care, the mood among family physicians is anxious, but there are reasons to be hopeful.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0100/p26.html

Interventions for Preventing Falls Among Older Adults Living in the Community - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Structured exercise programs and home safety interventions reduce both the rate and the risk of falling among community-dwelling adults 65 years and older, whereas multifactorial assessment and intervention programs reduce the rate of falls but not the risk of falling. Vitamin D ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p152.html

Should We Fear the Unintended Consequences of MACRA? -- FPM

Feb 1, 2017 - MACRA's methods of controlling health care costs could have unexpected results.

Family Practice Management : From the Editor

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0100/p4.html

New Codes, New Payment Opportunities for 2017 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2017 - This year's changes include opportunities to get paid for some services that were previously not billable.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0100/p7.html

Making Sense of MACRA, Part 2: Value-Based Payment and Your Future -- FPM

Feb 1, 2017 - Your performance this year will affect your Medicare payment in 2019.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0100/p12.html

Corrections - Feb 1, 2017 - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2017 - ...Incorrect wording. The Medicine by the Numbers Controlled Cord Traction During the Third Stage of Labor (March 1, 2016, [online only]) incorrectly stated that the Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) program did not support the use of controlled cord traction in the third...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p142a.html

Reducing Administrative Burden a Must

Administrative and regulatory burden is one of the top reasons independent practices close and is a leading cause of physician burnout. AAFP Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin outlines key issues, such as prior authorizations, the Academy is...

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/reducing_administrative_burden_a_must.html

Holy Toledo! As Bad Ideas Go, Closing Residency Is a Whopper

Gary LeRoy, M.D., writes that one health care system's decision to shutter a family medicine residency program in his state doesn't make sense for the business or its community.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/holy_toledo_as_bad_ideas.html

Don't Throw Away Your Shot to Make the World Better

What can physicians learn from a Broadway musical? Gerry Tolbert, M.D., writes that Hamilton provides some important lessons about language and being willing to take a stand.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/don_t_throw_away_your.html

Uterine Fibroids: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - Uterine fibroids are common benign neoplasms, with a higher prevalence in older women and in those of African descent. Many are discovered incidentally on clinical examination or imaging in asymptomatic women. Fibroids can cause abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic pressure, bowel ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p100.html

Hyperlipidemia: Drugs for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Adults - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the U.K. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) indicate that lipid-lowering drugs have benefit for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p78.html

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: ...

Jan 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that adults without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (i.e., symptomatic coronary artery disease or ischemic stroke) use a low- to moderate-dose statin for the prevention of CVD events and mortality when all of the following criteria are met: (1) they are ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/od1.html

Giant Cell Arteritis: Biopsy After Corticosteroid Initiation - FPIN's Clinical ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Corticosteroid therapy in patients with suspected giant cell arteritis should not degrade the accuracy of temporal artery biopsy if the biopsy is performed within four weeks of corticosteroid initiation. Temporal artery biopsy can be performed up to four weeks after starting high-dose ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p116.html

Tamsulosin Beneficial for Passage of 5- to 10-mm Distal Ureteral Stones - POEMs - ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Tamsulosin promotes stone passage of distal ureteral stones that are 5 to 10 mm in size. You would need to treat five such patients to get one stone passage. Smaller stones tend to pass on their own at a rate of 86% in this study.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p123a.html

AAFP News - Jan 15, 2017 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p64.html

Direct Primary Care Is a Sensible Workforce Solution

John Bender, M.D., M.B.A., writes that contrary to misconceptions, the direct primary care model is an ideal strategy to ensure our nation has a robust family medicine physician workforce in the long run.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/direct_primary_care_is_a.html

Alpha-adrenergic Agonists for the Management of Opioid Withdrawal - Medicine by the ...

Jan 1, 2017 - Alpha-adrenergic agonists were more efficacious than placebo in the management of opioid withdrawal, but are best reserved as an alternative to methadone.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/od1.html

Esophageal Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2017 - Esophageal cancer has a poor prognosis and high mortality rate, with an estimated 16,910 new cases and 15,910 deaths projected in 2016 in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma account for more than 95% of esophageal cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma is more common...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p22.html

Heart Failure Due to Reduced Ejection Fraction: Medical Management - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2017 - Heart failure is an increasingly common condition resulting in high rates of morbidity and mortality. For patients who have heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, randomized clinical trials demonstrate consistent mortality benefit from angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p13.html

Extended-Release Bupropion for Preventing Seasonal Affective Disorder in Adults - ...

Jan 1, 2017 - When started in the fall, extended-release bupropion, 300 mg once daily, is effective in preventing recurrent symptoms in high-risk adults with a history of SAD (number needed to treat [NNT] = 5), as well as those at lower risk (NNT = 8). Headaches, nausea, and insomnia may limit ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p10.html

Interventions to Facilitate Shared Decision Making to Address Antibiotic Use for Acute ...

Jan 1, 2017 - Interventions to facilitate shared decision making reduce the prescribing of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections in the short term (within six weeks of the consultation) without increasing return visits or decreasing patient satisfaction (number needed to treat [NNT] = 6).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p11.html

Membrane Sweeping to Decrease Rates of Postdate Induction - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Jan 1, 2017 - In uncomplicated pregnancies, membrane sweeping at 38 to 40 weeks' gestation safely decreases the rate of postdate inductions. Membrane sweeping increases the incidence of spontaneous labor, especially in the subsequent seven days, and results in fewer pregnancies extending beyond 41 ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p35.html

AAFP News - Jan 1, 2017 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2017 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p4.html

Old Issues, New Year: A Look Back (and Ahead)

AAFP Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin reflects on some key health care issues from 2016 and looks ahead to the new year.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/old_issues_new_year_a.html

A Pedunculated Mass on the Thigh - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - A woman presented with a lesion on her thigh that had gradually increased in size over the previous five years.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p1003.html

AFP Online: We're on a Mission - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - An overview of the many features and recent improvements of AFP Online.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p966.html

AAFP News - Dec 15, 2016 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p964.html

Time to Lift 16-Hour Limit on First-year Residents

The AAFP is supporting a proposal that would increase the number of consecutive hours first-year residents can work from 16 hours to 24 (plus the possibility of four additional hours for the completion of care of an individual patient).

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/time_to_lift_16_hour.html

Aripiprazole vs. Placebo or Haloperidol for Schizophrenia - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Dec 1, 2016 - Aripiprazole was shown to have one major benefit over placebo, but favorable outcomes with haloperidol throw its effectiveness into question. Are the differences merely anomalies?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p877.html

Mini-Mental State Examination for the Detection of Dementia in Older Patients - ...

Dec 1, 2016 - When scores are adjusted based on a patient's education level, the MMSE may be useful to rule out a diagnosis of dementia in clinically unevaluated patients 65 years and older (sensitivity = 97%; specificity = 70%). Scores of less than 24 may also be useful to rule in dementia in ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p880.html

What Makes a Good CV? -- FPM

Dec 1, 2016 - Whether for your first job after residency or a career change, here are some keys to getting your curriculum vitae noticed by employers.

Family Practice Management : Employed Practice

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2016/1100/p7.html

Patient Attribution: Why It Matters More Than Ever -- FPM

Dec 1, 2016 - How payers assign patients to you will affect how your practice is evaluated and paid for value in the future.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2016/1100/p25.html

Impact of Exercise-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Dec 1, 2016 - Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation reduces cardiovascular mortality and hospitalization. There is no evidence that it reduces the rates of total mortality, myocardial infarctions, coronary artery bypass grafts, or percutaneous coronary interventions.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p881.html

Using Health Confidence to Improve Patient Outcomes -- FPM

Dec 1, 2016 - Tracking patient engagement is a key step to enhancing health and reducing costs.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2016/1100/p21.html

AAFP News - Dec 1, 2016 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2016 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p866.html

FPs Can Shape Social Determinants of Health Outside Clinic

Social factors can influence health more than medical advances. Stewart Decker, M.D., writes that family physicians have the perspective and influence needed to address social determinants of health beyond the exam room.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/fps_can_shape_social_determinants.html

Doing My Part to Help Physician Workforce Reflect Diverse Population

When minority physicians treat patients of the same minority group, patient satisfaction often improves and care is more culturally proficient. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of minority doctors in our health care system.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/doing_my_part_to_help.html

Erectile Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. It is common, affecting at least 12 million U.S. men. The five-question International Index of Erectile Function allows rapid clinical assessment of ED. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p820.html

Pet-Related Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p794.html

Evolocumab (Repatha) for the Treatment of Hyperlipidemia - STEPS - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2016 - Evolocumab is generally safe and effective at lowering serum LDL cholesterol levels for select patients who need marked cholesterol reduction and can tolerate injections. However, it remains unknown whether evolocumab prevents premature death from cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p843.html

How to Counsel Men About PSA Screening - Editorials - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - For family physicians to put PSA screening guidance into practice, they must elicit patients' preferences and provide accurate, understandable information about the benefits and harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p782.html

AAFP News - Nov 15, 2016 - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p780.html

Girl Power: Moving Toward Balance in Physician Workforce

Women make up more than half of the U.S. population but only about one-third of the physician workforce. However, among the younger generation of physicians, more women are entering the pipeline. In fact, this year marked the largest increase in a decade in the number of women enrolling...

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/girl_power_moving_toward_balance.html

Valproate for Adult Migraine Prophylaxis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Evidence supports current guideline recommendations on the use of valproate medications to prevent migraine.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/od1.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading cause of death. Risk factors include older age and medical comorbidities. Diagnosis is suggested by a history of cough, dyspnea, pleuritic pain, or acute functional or cognitive decline, with abnormal vital signs (e.g., fever, tachycardia) and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p698.html

Getting an Infant to Sleep: Graduated Extinction and Sleep Fading are Effective - POEMs...

Nov 1, 2016 - This study found that graduated extinction (increasing intervals between comforting the infant) and sleep fading (putting the child to bed progressively later until the parent finds the sweet spot) are both effective at decreasing sleep latency and the number of awakenings and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p750.html

Topical Antifungals for Treatment of Onychomycosis - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Topical antifungal agents are effective in treating onychomycosis, with a number needed to treat (NNT) of 7 to 17.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p734.html

Delta Incidents, Film Underscore Need for More Black Female Doctors

Two black female physicians recently said their offers to help ill passengers were rejected by flight crews because of race. Sadly, their stories aren't uncommon. AAFP Speaker Javette Orgain, M.D., M.P.H.; and Director Ada Stewart, M.D., write that black female physicians are doing ...

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/delta_incidents_film_underscore_need.html

MACRA 101: What You Need to Know

On October 14, CMS released the final rule implementing the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act. AAFP Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin summarizes what family physicians need to know about MACRA.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/macra_101_what_you_need.html

Some tips on MIPS included in the final MACRA rule

Some tips on MIPS included in the final MACRA rule

Family Practice Management : FPM

https://www.aafp.org/journals/fpm/blogs/gettingpaid/entry/some_tips_on_mips_included.html

Prescribing for Opioid Addiction Is My Responsibility

Federal law requires physicians to pass an eight-hour course and apply for a waiver to prescribe buprenorphine. Alan Schwartzstein, M.D., explains why he thinks it's a worthwhile investment.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/prescribing_for_opioid_addiction_is.html

The Mental Status Examination - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - The mental status examination includes general observations made during the clinical encounter, as well as specific testing based on the needs of the patient and physician. Multiple cognitive functions may be tested, including attention, executive functioning, gnosia, language, memory, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p635.html

Intimate Partner Violence - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent worldwide health problem, affecting women more commonly than men. IPV is underreported and underrecognized by health care professionals. Even when IPV is recognized, it remains an underaddressed issue. In addition to physical injury and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p646.html

The Pretravel Consultation - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - Key components of the pretravel consultation include intake questions regarding the traveler’s anticipated itinerary and medical history; immunizations; malaria prophylaxis; and personal protection measures against arthropod bites, traveler’s diarrhea, and injury. Most vaccinations that...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p620.html

ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Prevent CKD in Patients with Microalbuminuria - FPIN's ...

Oct 15, 2016 - ACE inhibitors reduce the risk of progression to macroalbuminuria in normotensive patients with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p652.html

Third-Generation Oral Contraceptives Associated with Greater Risk of PE, Stroke, and MI...

Oct 15, 2016 - Although there is risk with any current oral contraceptive combination, those that contain lower doses of estrogen, and levonorgestrel instead of desogestrel or gestodene, are associated with the least risk of ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or pulmonary embolism (PE). ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p663.html

Procalcitonin Guidance Safely Decreases Antibiotic Use in Critically Ill Patients - ...

Oct 15, 2016 - For patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who receive antibiotics for presumed or proven bacterial infections, the use of procalcitonin levels to determine when to stop antibiotic therapy results in decreased duration and consumption of antibiotics without increasing mortality.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p663a.html

AAFP News - Oct 15, 2016 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p595.html

Unreasonable Drug Prices Force Patients to Skip Meds

AAFP officers are in Washington this week to address many issues of concern to primary care, including skyrocketing prescription drug prices.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/unreasonable_drug_prices_force_patients.html

Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2016 - Cough is the most common illness-related reason for ambulatory care visits in the United States. Acute bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis characterized by cough due to acute inflammation of the trachea and large airways without evidence of pneumonia. Pneumonia should be suspected in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p560.html

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