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Anemia in Children -- American Family Physician

...OCTOBER 15, 2001 / VOLUME 64, NUMBER 8 www.aafp.org/afp AMERICAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN 1379 in developing humans: the embryonic, Gower-I, Gower-II, Portland, fetal hemoglo- bin (HbF) and normal adult hemoglobin (HbA and HbA2). HbF is the primary hemo- globin found in the fetus. It has a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1015/afp20011015p1379.pdf

Anemia in Older Persons

...Number 5 ◆ September 1, 2010 Anemia in Older Persons MICHAEL H. BROSS, MD, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado KATHLEEN SOCH, MD, Texas AandM Health Science Center, College Station, Texas TERESA SMITH-KNUPPEL, MD, Christus Spohn Family...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/afp20100901p480.pdf

Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Aug 1, 2007 - When used to delay the progression of early nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not superior to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p423.html

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers

February 1, 2015 Clinical Inquiries

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/afp20150201p193.pdf

Angiotensin-II Receptor Antagonists: Their Place in Therapy - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1999 - Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists (or blockers) are a newer class of antihypertensive agents. These drugs are selective for angiotensin II (type 1 receptor); unlike angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, they do not inhibit bradykinin metabolism or enhance prostaglandin synthesis. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3140.html

Annual EKGs for Low-risk Patients

View the AAFP Choosing Wisely recommendation on annual electrocardiograms (EKGs) or other cardiac screening for low-risk patients.

|AAFP Policies and Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/family-physician/patient-care/clinical-recommendations/all-clinical-recommendations/cw-ekg.html

Annular Scaly Plaques

May 15, 2016 Photo Quiz

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/afp20160515p865.pdf

Answers to Your Questions About Medicare Annual Wellness Visits -- FPM

Apr 1, 2011 - Our previous issue described the requirements and introduced an encounter form for documenting these visits. Now we answer your questions about this newest Medicare benefit.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2011/0300/p13.html

Answers to Your Questions About Same-Day Scheduling -- FPM

Mar 1, 2005 - The concept’s founder explains how to do today’s work today and improve patient access to your practice.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2005/0300/p59.html

Answers to Your Questions on Solo, Idealized Practice -- Family Practice Management

...practice in FPM in the February 2002 issue [page 29] and the March 2002 issue [page 25]. In response, FPM received an unprecedented number of letters, e-mails, phone calls and faxes containing hundreds of reader ques- tions and comments. FPM pulled the most commonly asked questions...

Family Practice Management

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2002/0500/fpm20020500p39.pdf

Answers to Your Questions on Solo, Idealized Practice -- FPM

May 1, 2002 - How does a solo doc with no support staff manage his referrals, order his supplies and give immunizations? Gordon Moore, MD, answers those questions and more.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2002/0500/p39.html

Antenatal Perineal Massage

...March 1, 2014 ◆ Volume 89, Number 5 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 335 Antenatal Perineal Massage to Prevent Birth Trauma DEAN A. SEEHUSEN, MD, MPH, and MEGHAN RALEIGH, MD, Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, Fort Belvoir, Virginia Clinical Question Does digital perineal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/afp20140301p335.pdf

Antenatal Perineal Massage

...March 1, 2014 ◆ Volume 89, Number 5 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 335 Antenatal Perineal Massage to Prevent Birth Trauma DEAN A. SEEHUSEN, MD, MPH, and MEGHAN RALEIGH, MD, Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, Fort Belvoir, Virginia Clinical Question Does digital perineal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/afp20140301p336.pdf

Antenatal Perineal Massage to Prevent Birth Trauma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Mar 1, 2014 - Antenatal digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy is safe and well tolerated. Women who have not had a previous vaginal delivery and perform digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy experience less perineal birth trauma, mostly through fewer ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p335.html

Antepartum Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intake and Length of Gestation - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2020 - Omega-3 fatty acids, whether taken as supplements or consumed as part of the diet, reduce the risk of preterm birth (number needed to treat = 68) and early preterm birth (number needed to treat = 55).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p17.html

Antepartum Perineal Massage for Intrapartum Lacerations - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Digital antepartum and intrapartum perineal massage did not decrease perineal lacerations compared with a control group.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p115.html

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention

...Volume 82, Number 8 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 917 Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention FRANCESCA CIMINO, MD, U.S. Naval Hospital, Yokosuka, Japan BRADFORD SCOTT VOLK, MD, and DON SETTER, DO, Puget Sound Family Medicine...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/afp20101015p917.pdf

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American ...

Oct 15, 2010 - There are an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repairs in the United States each year. Most ACL tears occur from noncontact injuries. Women experience ACL tears up to nine times more often than men. Evaluation of the ACL should be performed immediately after ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p917.html

Anterior Hip Pain - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1999 - Anterior hip pain is a common complaint with many possible causes. Apophyseal avulsion and slipped capital femoral epiphysis should not be overlooked in adolescents. Muscle and tendon strains are common in adults. Subsequent to accurate diagnosis, strains should improve with rest and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/p1687.html

Antibiotic and Corticosteroid Treatment Effective for Acute Exacerbations of COPD - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Short-term antibiotic treatment and short-term systemic corticosteroids are both associated with a faster resolution of COPD symptoms and fewer treatment failures.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od2.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for COPD Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Prophylactic antibiotics may be used to reduce the overall rate of COPD exacerbations and delay their onset. However, the appropriate antibiotic regimen and target population are unclear.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p527.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Operative Vaginal Delivery - Medicine by the Numbers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Current guidelines from the World Health Organization do not recommend routine antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal birth because of insufficient evidence of effectiveness.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/od2.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for UTIs in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder - FPIN's Help Desk ...

Feb 1, 2019 - Daily antibiotic prophylaxis should not be used in patients with acute and nonacute spinal cord injuries.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p186.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with Cirrhosis and Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

May 1, 2017: Help Desk Answers

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/afp20170501p582.pdf

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with COPD - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2019 - This research fails to determine whether the modest potential benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outweigh the risk of resistance. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/od1.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent

...March 1, 2011 ◆ Volume 83, Number 5 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 585 Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Surgical Site Infections ALAN R. SALKIND, MD, and KAVITHA C. RAO, MD, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine surgical site infection is defined as an...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/afp20110301p585.pdf

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children

...July 15, 2011 ◆ Volume 84, Number 2 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 3 Clinical Question Does antibiotic prophylaxis prevent recur- rent urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants and children? Evidence-Based Answer Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/afp20110715od1.pdf

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Antibiotic Therapy for Viral Infections in Children - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Nov 1, 1999 - ...Department of Family Medicine University of Wisconsin Medical School 777 South Mills St. Madison, WI 53715 Dr. Temte serves on the Influenza Advisory Board of Glaxco Wellcome. in reply: Dr. Temte offers an additional method of reassuring parents and patients that antibiotics may...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p1932.html

Antibiotic Use for Streptococcal Pharyngitis Groups C and G - Letters to the Editor - ...

Jun 1, 2005 - ...Department of Family Medicine SUNY-Downstate School of Medicine 450 Clarkson Ave., Box 67 Brooklyn, NY 11203–2098 REFERENCES show all references 1. Efstratiou A, Teare EL, McGhie D, Colman G. The presence of M proteins in outbreak strains of Streptococcus equismilis T-type 204. J...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2050.html

Antibiotic Use in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

...November 1, 2012 ◆ Volume 86, Number 9 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 817 Antibiotic Use in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections ROGER ZOOROB, MD, MPH; MOHAMAD A. SIDANI, MD, MS; RICHARD D. FREMONT, MD; and COURTNEY KIHLBERG, MD, MSPH, Meharry Medical College,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/afp20121101p817.pdf

Antibiotic Use in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - Upper respiratory tract infections account for millions of visits to family physicians each year in the United States. Although warranted in some cases, antibiotics are greatly overused. This article outlines the guidelines and indications for appropriate antibiotic use for common upper...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p817.html

Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Acute bronchitis is a lower respiratory tract infection, most commonly viral, that accounts for a significant number of health care visits. This review discusses the benefits and harms of antibiotics for acute bronchitis or acute productive cough.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/od2.html

Antibiotics for Acute Maxillary Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Although there is some evidence that antibiotics are effective in the treatment of acute uncomplicated sinusitis, this benefit is modest. Most patients with acute sinusitis improve within two weeks without antibiotics. The potential risk of adverse effects from antibiotics may outweigh ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p757.html

Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children - AFP Journal Club - American ...

Nov 15, 2011 - Two studies aim to clarify the appropriate use of antibiotic treatment in young children with acute otitis media.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1095.html

Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children: The Case of the Shifting End Points

...104 American Family Physician www.aafp.org/afp Volume 85, Number 2 ◆ January 15, 2012 Should antibiotics be used to treat acute otitis media in young children? Bob: In the November 15, 2011, issue of American Fam- ily Physician, Andrea, Mark, and I discussed why the conclusion of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/afp20120115p104.pdf

Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children: The Case of the Shifting End ...

Jan 15, 2012 - A discussion of why the conclusion of a high-profile study, which suggests that antibiotics are beneficial in children six to 23 months of age with acute otitis media, is incorrect.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p104.html

Antibiotics for Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Because of the relatively high rate of reported adverse effects and the high likelihood of resolution of symptoms with supportive care and symptomatic management, the authors recommend selective antibiotic use in patients with acute sinusitis. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/od1.html

Antibiotics for Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Medicine by ...

Feb 1, 2020 - Prescription of antibiotics for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial due to the variety of etiologies. This review examined the use of antibiotics to treat COPD in outpatient, inpatient, and ICU settings. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/od1.html

Antibiotics for Exacerbations of COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2006 - There is consistent evidence from a small number of studies that antibiotics significantly reduce mortality (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8) and treatment failure (NNT = 3) in more severely ill patients with COPD who are hospitalized because of an exacerbation. Two smaller studies ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p749.html

Antibiotics for Otitis Media in Children - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2018 - This meta-analysis concludes that the risk of a prolonged course of antibiotics was twice as high for children younger than two years with bilateral acute otitis media than for children two years and older with unilateral acute otitis media, indicating that antibiotics might be ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/od3.html

Antibiotics for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Apr 1, 2005 - Prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the number of recurrent UTIs in nonpregnant women while they are taking the medication (relative risk [RR], 0.21; number needed to treat [NNT], 2). No antibiotic was significantly better than others at decreasing the number of UTIs, and all ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1301.html

Antibiotics for Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Compared with placebo, antibiotics can shorten the duration of sore throat symptoms by about 16 hours and can reduce complications. In countries where the absolute rates of complications are higher, antibiotic therapy is more likely to be effective. The effectiveness of antibiotic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p23.html

Antibiotics for Uncomplicated Diverticulitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Learn more about the benefits and harms of antibiotics for uncomplicated diverticulitis.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/od2.html

Antibiotics for Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children

...March 15, 2011 ◆ Volume 83, Number 6 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 747 Clinical Question Is antibiotic administration appropriate in children with presumed viral upper respira- tory tract infections? Evidence-Based Answer Antibiotic therapy does not benefit chil- dren...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/afp20110315p747.pdf

Antibiotics for Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - FPIN's Clinical ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Antibiotic therapy does not benefit children with bronchiolitis, the common cold, or nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. If purulent rhinitis is present for more than 10 days, antibiotics shorten the duration of runny nose symptoms.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p747.html

Antibody Testing for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

...December 15, 2011 ◆ Volume 84, Number 12 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 1407 Clinical Question What is the role of antibody testing in the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)? Evidence-Based Answer Antibody testing plays an important role when assessing...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/afp20111215p1407.pdf

Anticoagulant Use in Patients with Risk of Falling - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Apr 15, 2003 - ...falls are not as important a factor in deciding on treatment for atrial fibrillation as previously thought. Another study5 used the same numbers to recommend warfarin therapy. I often see patients who are admitted to our nursing homes after sustaining an embolic stroke because of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1683.html

Anticoagulation for the Long-term Treatment of VTE in Patients with Cancer - Cochrane ...

Jun 1, 2019 - Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), vitamin K antagonists, and direct oral anticoagulants, when used to prevent recurrent VTE, have a similar impact on all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p676.html

Anticonvulsant Medications for Migraine Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

May 1, 2005 - Good evidence supports the use of anticonvulsants as a class with overall reduction in number of headaches per month and overall increase in patients achieving 50 percent reduction of headache frequency. Of the medications within this heterogeneous group, valproic acid and divalproex ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1699.html

Antidepressant Discontinuation Syndrome - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome occurs in approximately 20 percent of patients after abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant medication that was taken for at least six weeks. Typical symptoms of antidepressant discontinuation syndrome include flu-like symptoms, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p449.html

Antidepressant Medications in Pregnancy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2004 - Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are considered first-line agents for the treatment of depression in pregnant women. SSRIs and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are considered safe and effective in pregnant women, although some studies have indicated increased short-term ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2195.html

Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy

...May 15, 2011 ◆ Volume 83, Number 10 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 1211 Clinical Question Which antidepressants are safe to use during pregnancy? Evidence-Based Answer There are no studies that have shown any antidepressant to be absolutely safe for use during any...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0515/afp20110515p1211.pdf

Antidepressants and Antiepileptic Drugs for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2005 - The development of newer classes of antidepressants and second-generation antiepileptic drugs has created unprecedented opportunities for the treatment of chronic pain. These drugs modulate pain transmission by interacting with specific neurotransmitters and ion channels. The actions of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p483.html

Antidepressants and Antiepileptic Drugs for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain - American Family ...

...February 1, 2005 ◆ Volume 71, Number 3 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 483 It is important to distin- guish between chronic pain that is nociceptive (i.e., resulting from injury or inflammation of somatic or visceral tissue) and chronic pain that is neuropathic (i.e.,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/afp20050201p483.pdf

Antidepressants and Psychological Therapies Are Effective for IBS - POEMs - American ...

Jan 15, 2015 - Antidepressants and psychological therapies are effective in treating the symptoms of IBS. This study, an update of a similar systematic review and meta-analysis completed five years ago, found the same level of effectiveness for both treatment approaches as the previous analysis, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p134.html

Antidepressants for Agitation and Psychosis in Patients with Dementia

...20 American Family Physician www.aafp.org/afp Volume 85, Number 1 ◆ January 1, 2012 Clinical Scenario An 85-year-old man with advanced dementia presents to your office accompanied by his daughter. She is upset because he has been increasingly agitated and combative in the evenings....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/afp20120101p20.pdf

Antidepressants for Agitation and Psychosis in Patients with Dementia - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2012 - There are few high-quality studies examining the effectiveness of antidepressants for treating the neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. Although there is some evidence to support the use of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) sertraline (Zoloft) and citalopram ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p20.html

Antidepressants for Generalized Anxiety Disorder - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Nov 1, 2003 - As a group, antidepressants are an effective short-term treatment for GAD. Compared with placebo, about five to six patients must be treated to get one additional patient who responds to therapy. Side effects occur more frequently with antidepressants than with placebo, but they are not...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1757.html

Antidepressants for Initial Treatment of Depression - AFP Journal Club - American ...

May 15, 2010 - Which antidepressants should be used for the initial treatment of depression? This quality multiple-treatment meta-analysis gives physicians a good starting point for choosing an antidepressant. Sertraline and escitalopram should be considered first-line agents whereas bupropion, ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1205.html

Antidepressants for the Treatment of Insomnia in Patients with Depression

...November 1, 2011 ◆ Volume 84, Number 9 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 1 Clinical Question Which antidepressant medications are most effective for treating insomnia in patients with depression? Evidence-Based Answer There is no single antidepressant or class of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/afp20111101od1.pdf

Antidepressants for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2006 - Tricyclic antidepressants, particularly amitriptyline, are effective for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy and post herpetic neuralgia, and may be beneficial in other neuropathic pain syndromes, but they should be used with caution in patients at increased risk of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1933.html

Antidepressants Plus Benzodiazepines for Adults with Major Depression - Cochrane for ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - A combination of tricyclic antidepressants and benzodiazepines is more effective for major depression in adults than tricyclic antidepressants alone in the first four weeks of treatment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p527.html

Antidepressants to Treat Nonspecific Low Back Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Jul 1, 2008 - Although antidepressants have been shown to be superior to placebo in some forms of chronic pain, they do not reduce pain or improve functional status or depression in patients with nonspecific low back pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p51.html

Antidepressants: Update on New Agents and Indications - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - A number of antidepressants have emerged in the U.S. market in the past two decades. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have become the drugs of choice in the treatment of depression, and they are also effective in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p547.html

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Oral ondansetron (Zofran) may be given to children presenting to the emergency department with vomiting and mild to moderate dehydration from acute gastroenteritis. It reduces hospital admissions and the need for intravenous hydration.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p51.html

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis-Related Vomiting in Children and Adolescents

...1054 American Family Physician www.aafp.org/afp Volume 85, Number 11 ◆ June 1, 2012 Clinical Scenario A five-year-old girl is brought to your clinic by her parents. She has had nausea and vom- iting for the past two days, has been unable to keep fluids down, and appears dehydrated....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0601/afp20120601p1056.pdf

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis-Related Vomiting in Children and Adolescents

...1054 American Family Physician www.aafp.org/afp Volume 85, Number 11 ◆ June 1, 2012 Clinical Scenario A five-year-old girl is brought to your clinic by her parents. She has had nausea and vom- iting for the past two days, has been unable to keep fluids down, and appears dehydrated....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0601/afp20120601p1054.pdf

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis–Related Vomiting in Children and Adolescents - ...

Jun 1, 2012 - Ondansetron (Zofran) given orally can reduce rates of vomiting, improve short-term tolerance of oral fluids, and reduce short-term rates of hospital admission and the need for intravenous hydration. Metoclopramide (Reglan) and ondansetron can reduce episodes of vomiting when given ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0601/p1054.html

Antiepileptic Drug Level Monitoring - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2008 - Routine monitoring of antiepileptic drug levels does not alter seizure or side effect rates.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p385.html

Antiepileptic Drugs After First Unprovoked Seizure

February 1, 2017: Medicine by the Numbers

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/afp20170201od1.pdf

Antiepileptic Drugs After First Unprovoked Seizure - Medicine by the Numbers - American...

Feb 1, 2017 - The decision to start an antiepileptic drug after a first unprovoked seizure has long been a clinically challenging one.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/od1.html

Antihypertensive Agents for Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the only antihypertensive agents with proven effectiveness for the primary prevention of diabetic nephropathy (defined as an albumin excretion of less than 30 mg per day on three serial measurements) caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes....

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p77.html

Antihypertensive Drug Therapy for Mild to Moderate Hypertension During Pregnancy - ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Compared with placebo, antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension (defined by the authors as a blood pressure of 140 to 169 mm Hg systolic or 90 to 109 mm Hg diastolic) caused by chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, or preeclampsia during pregnancy does ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p403.html

Antihypertensive Treatment and CHD in the Elderly - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Sep 15, 1999 - ...with nisoldipine had a significantly higher number of fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarctions compared with the group treated with enalapril. Of the 380 diabetic patients enrolled in FACET, 5 the group treated with fosinopril had a lower number of fatal or non-fatal myocardial...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1102.html

Antimicrobial Resistance: A Plan of Action for Community Practice - American Family ...

...MARCH 15, 2001 / VOLUME 63, NUMBER 6 www.aafp.org/afp AMERICAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN 1087 morbidity and mortality. Compounding this public health crisis is the fact that few novel agents are being developed for use in the future. The growing sense of urgency surround- ing the problem...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/afp20010315p1087.pdf

Antimicrobial Resistence: A Plan of Action for Community Practice - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2001 - Antibiotic resistance was once confined primarily to hospitals but is becoming increasingly prevalent in family practice settings, making daily therapeutic decisions more challenging. Recent reports of pediatric deaths and illnesses in communities in the United States have raised ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1087.html

Antiplatelet Agents for Preventing Early Recurrence of Ischemic Stroke or TIA - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - After atherothrombotic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, adding clopidogrel to aspirin reduced recurrent strokes but increased major hemorrhages.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/od1.html

Antiplatelet Therapy and Anticoagulation in Patients with Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2005 - Antiplatelet agents should not be used in patients with hypertension and no previous history of heart attack or stroke. However, these agents are recommended for use in hypertensive patients who already have vascular disease. Anticoagulants should not be used for prevention of vascular ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p897.html

Antipsychotics for Fibromyalgia in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2017 - Quetiapine may be considered for a limited period (less than 12 weeks) to improve pain, sleep, and depression in fibromyalgia, while considering the potential for weight gain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/od1.html

Antiretroviral Preexposure Prophylaxis for Preventing HIV Infection in High-Risk ...

Aug 1, 2013 - For some groups of patients at greater risk of HIV infection (e.g., serodiscordant partners, men who have sex with men and engage in high-risk behaviors, persons with multiple concurrent sex partners, persons who exchange sex for money), preexposure prophylaxis decreased the risk of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p172.html

Antiviral Agents for Pregnant Women with Genital Herpes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - There is no evidence that the use of antiviral agents in women who are pregnant and have a history of genital herpes prevents perinatal transmission of herpes simplex virus (HSV) to neonates.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1807.html

Antiviral Drugs in Healthy Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - Several antiviral agents are available to treat viral illnesses in healthy children. In some children, treatment with acyclovir is an alternative to vaccination for the treatment and prevention of chickenpox. Acyclovir also can be useful in the treatment or prevention of herpes simplex ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1073.html

Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part I. Treatment of Hepatitis, ...

...FEBRUARY 15, 2003 / VOLUME 67, NUMBER 4 www.aafp.org/afp AMERICAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN 757 than six months. Three criteria for treating chronic HBV include alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level greater than two times normal and positive tests for HBV DNA and hepatitis B e antigen (HbeAg)...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/afp20030215p757.pdf

Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part II. Treatment of Influenza and ...

Feb 15, 2003 - Family physicians should be familiar with the various drugs available for treating and preventing viral infections. Part II of this two-part article focuses on agents used to manage influenza and respiratory syncytial virus. Rimantadine and amantadine traditionally have been used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p763.html

Antiviral Drugs in the Immunocompetent Host: Part II. Treatment of Influenza and ...

...FEBRUARY 15, 2003 / VOLUME 67, NUMBER 4 www.aafp.org/afp AMERICAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN 763 approved for treatment and prophylaxis in adults and children older than one year. Rimantadine became available in 1993 for treatment and prophylaxis of influenza type A in adults and for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/afp20030215p763.pdf

Anxiety Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - ...04/01/2020 Benzodiazepines for Panic Disorder in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] 05/15/2019 Depression and Anxiety Disorders: Benefits of Exercise, Yoga, and Meditation 05/01/2019 Psychological and Pharmacologic Treatments for Adults with PTSD [Implementing AHRQ Effective...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=85

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment

...March 1, 2016 ◆ Volume 93, Number 5 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 371 Aortic stenosis affects 3% of persons older than 65 years. Although survival in asymptomatic patients is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, it decreases rapidly after symptoms...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/afp20160301p371.pdf

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2016 - Aortic stenosis affects 3% of persons older than 65 years. Although survival in asymptomatic patients is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, it decreases rapidly after symptoms appear. During the asymptomatic latent period, left ventricular hypertrophy and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p371.html

APC-APM for Delivering Patient-Centered, Longitudinal, and Coordinated Care

Proposal to the Physician-Focused Payment Model Technical Advisory Committee regarding the Advanced Primary Care: A Foundational Alternative Payment Model (APC-APM) for Delivering Patient-Centered, Longitudinal, and Coordinated Care

Advocacy

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/advocacy/payment/apms/PR-PTAC-APC-APM-41417.pdf

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation

...672 American Family Physician www.aafp.org/afp Volume 89, Number 8 ◆ April 15, 2014 SAFETY Apixaban has a lower risk of bleeding than warfarin, but a slightly higher risk of minor bleeding compared with aspirin. One addi- tional major bleeding episode (defined as clinically overt...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/afp20140415p672.pdf

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

APMs: A Primer on the New Payment Model

The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act established two distinct payment systems for physicians. AAFP Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin offers an introduction to Alternative Payment Models.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/apms_a_primer_on_the.html

Apolipoprotein Measurement for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment

...April 15, 2014 ◆ Volume 89, Number 8 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 662A Clinical Question Is measurement of apolipoproteins better than traditional lipid measurements for predicting cardiovascular risk? Evidence-Based Answer Measurement of apolipoprotein B and apo-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/afp20140415od2.pdf

Apolipoproteins for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Measurement of apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A-I is no better than traditional lipid measurements and should not be used to predict cardiovascular risk.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/od2.html

Appendix to "The 2012 EHR User Satisfaction Survey: Responses From 3,088 Family ...

...This EHR provides useful tools for preventive medicine (for instance, flow sheets, alerts, and patient education materials). This EHR makes it easy to qualify for meaningful use incentive dollars from Medicare or Medicaid. This EHR doesn’t just enable me to meet meaningful...

Family Practice Management

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2012/1100/fpm20121100p23-rt1.pdf

Appetite Suppressants as Adjuncts for Weight Loss

...April 1, 2011 ◆ Volume 83, Number 7 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 1 Clinical Question Are appetite suppressants appropriate as adjunct therapy for weight loss? Evidence-Based Answer Phentermine and diethylpropion are appetite suppressants approved for use in the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/afp20110401od1.pdf

Appetite Suppressants as Adjuncts for Weight Loss - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Apr 1, 2011 - Phentermine and diethylpropion are appetite suppressants approved for use in the United States as adjuncts in the treatment of obesity. These agents demonstrate a modest weight loss benefit when combined with dietary modifications and exercise.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/od1.html

Application for the AAFP Alcohol SBI Office Champions Project

...Direct phone number: _____________________________________ Direct email: _______________________________________ Practice Type:  Solo  Two physician  Family medicine group  Multispecialty group Practice name: _________________________________...

Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/alcohol/hops19-alcohol-sbi-grant-app.pdf

Application-Adult-Minority-Immunization-Project.pdf

...Direct Phone number: _____________________________________________________________ Direct email: ____________________ Practice Type: ___ Solo ___ Two-physician ___ Family medicine group ___ Multispecialty group Practice Name: ____________________...

Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/immunizations/office-champions/Application-Adult-Minority-Immunization-Project.pdf

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