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Practice Guidelines

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Paget Disease of Bone for Primary Care - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 15, 2020 - Paget disease of bone is a benign disorder characterized by focal areas of increased bone turnover in one or more skeletal sites. It usually affects older adults, and men are at a higher risk than women. Any bone may be affected, but the disease has a high preference for the pelvis, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p224.html

VTE in Patients with Cancer: Guidelines from the American Society of Clinical Oncology ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - The American Society of Clinical Oncology has updated recommendations for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p188.html

Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Continuous electronic fetal monitoring was developed to screen for signs of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral palsy, and impending fetal death during labor. Because these events have a low prevalence, continuous electronic fetal monitoring has a false-positive rate of 99%. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p158.html

Complementary and Alternative Medicine - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on complementary and alternative medicine, including herbs and dietary supplements, acupuncture, meditation, and yoga. This collection features AFP content on complementary and alternative medicine, including herbs and dietary supplements, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=60

Race-Based Treatment Decisions Perpetuate Structural Racism - Letters to the Editor - ...

Aug 1, 2020 - Letters to the Editor from AFP readers regarding previously published articles.

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p136.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Updated Recommendations from the ATS and IDSA - Practice ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 15, 2020 - The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) recently updated their recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p121.html

Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on heart failure and related issues, including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), cardiomyopathy, cardioverter-defibrillators, congestive heart failure, and diastolic and systolic heart failure. This...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=26

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 15, 2020 - Asymptomatic bacteriuria, defined as the presence of bacteria in the urine in the absence of urinary symptoms, is a common clinical finding that often warrants a decision about whether to initiate antimicrobial therapy. There are few indications to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p99.html

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: AAP Updates Guideline for Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in 7% to 8% of children. It affects academic achievement and socioemotional well-being. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated guidelines to emphasize evaluation for comorbid conditions and overcoming systemic ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p58.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related issues, including acute and chronic COPD, spirometry, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, corticosteriods, and pulmonary complications. This collection features AFP content on chronic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=32

Gastroenteritis and Diarrhea in Children - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children and related issues, including dehydration, foodborne illnesses, probiotics, and rotavirus vaccination. This collection features AFP content on gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children and related issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=9

Nutrition - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - ...03/15/2016 DGAC Makes Food-Based Recommendations in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans [Practice Guidelines] 09/15/2015 Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults with Cardiovascular Risk...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=86

Role of Mucolytics in the Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis or COPD - Cochrane for ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Oral mucolytic agents may reduce the number of acute exacerbations in patients with chronic bronchitis or COPD (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8 over an average of nine months; 95% CI, 7 to 10).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p16.html

Asthma: Updated Diagnosis and Management Recommendations from GINA - Practice ...

Jun 15, 2020 - The latest update to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines includes significant changes to treatment recommendations, especially a recommendation against using a short-acting beta2 agonists such as albuterol as sole therapy.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p762.html

Anticoagulation in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ...

Jun 15, 2020 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p748.html

Preparticipation Physical Evaluation: AAFP and Others Update Recommendations - Practice...

Jun 1, 2020 - The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)and others have published the 5th edition of the preparticipation physical evaluation monograph. Revisions include new mental health and transgender sections and expansion of the female athlete chapter.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p692.html

Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation for Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive ...

Jun 1, 2020 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by hyperinflation of the lungs, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Learn more about the benefits and harms of using noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for exacerbation of COPD.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/od1.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2019 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 15, 2020 - In 2019, regular surveillance of 110 English-language research journals identified 254 studies that met the criteria to become POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters). Physician members of the Canadian Medical Association rated these POEMs for their relevance to patients in their...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p608.html

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Adolescents: ACOG Management Recommendations - Practice ...

May 15, 2020 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has new recommendations and conclusions about menstrual bleeding disorders in adolescents.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p633.html

Migraines in Children: Recommendations for Acute and Preventive Treatment - Practice ...

May 1, 2020 - Updated recommendations for the prevention and treatment of migraines in children and adolescents were recently published by the American Academy of Neurology and the American Headache Society, and they are based on a systematic review of new evidence published between January 2003 and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p569.html

Therapies for COPD Exacerbations in Adults - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care ...

May 1, 2020 - What are the benefits and harms of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p557.html

Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness...

Apr 15, 2020 - Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. The Wilderness Medical Society has updated prevention and treatment guidelines on acute altitude illness.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p505.html

Genetics - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on genetics and related issues, including family medical history, genetic testing, and specific syndromes (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, fragile X syndrome, Down Syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Turner syndrome). This ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=56

Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain: Unintended Consequences of the 2016 CDC Guideline...

Apr 15, 2020 - Since the 2016 CDC guideline for the use of opioid pain relievers was released, there has been a significant reduction in opioid prescribing, and the guideline has been adopted by state Medicaid agencies, insurers, and others. Widespread implementation of the guideline has had ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p458.html

Predicting the Likelihood of a Recurrent Febrile Seizure - Point-of-Care Guides - ...

Apr 15, 2020 - In children presenting with a simple febrile seizure, is it possible to determine the likelihood of a recurrent febrile seizure?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p497.html

Frostbite: Recommendations for Prevention and Treatment from the Wilderness Medical ...

Apr 1, 2020 - Recommendations for prevention and treatment of frostbite from the Wilderness Medical Society.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p440.html

Sepsis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - Guidelines published in 2016 provide a revised definition of sepsis: life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The guidelines define septic shock as sepsis with circulatory, cellular, and metabolic dysfunction that is associated with a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p409.html

Anxiety Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - ...07/01/2008 APA Releases Guidelines on Treating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder [Practice Guidelines] 08/15/2007 Herbal and Dietary Supplements for Treatment of Anxiety Disorders 01/01/2006 Post-traumatic Stress Disorder [Clinical Evidence Handbook] 05/01/2005 Is...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=85

Pelvic Floor Muscle Training vs. Control for Urinary Incontinence in Women - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2020 - Use of pelvic floor muscle training to treat women with all subtypes of urinary incontinence results in improvement or cure vs. no treatment (number needed to treat [NNT] = 2.5; 95% CI, 1.4 to 5.4). Treatment with pelvic floor muscle training also results in one fewer episode of leakage...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p393.html

Group B Streptococcus Disease: AAP Updates Guidelines for the Management of At-Risk ...

Mar 15, 2020 - The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have updated guidelines for management of early- and late-onset group B streptococcus disease in infants.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p378.html

Managing Hypertension Using Combination Therapy - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2020 - More than 70% of adults treated for primary hypertension will eventually require at least two antihypertensive agents, either initially as combination therapy or as add-on therapy if monotherapy and lifestyle modifications do not achieve adequate blood pressure control. Four main ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p341.html

Tuberculosis Screening, Testing, and Treatment in U.S. Health Care Professionals: CDC ...

Mar 1, 2020 - According to 1995–2007 surveillance data reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Tuberculosis Controllers Association work group, tuberculosis incidence rates in health care professionals were similar to those in the general population.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p312.html

Emotional Support Animals: Considerations for Documentation - Curbside Consultation - ...

Mar 1, 2020 - Companion animals are increasingly viewed as part of the family, and studies show many mental and physical benefits of pet ownership. Federal regulations require patients to obtain health care professional documentation for emotional support animals to allow these animals to accompany ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p302.html

Guideline for Chronic Diarrhea: Screening for IBD and Celiac Disease Is In, Screening ...

Mar 1, 2020 - Although an algorithm to guide the workup is not offered, the American Gastroenterological Association suggests the following tests for patients with chronic diarrhea (i.e., watery diarrhea for at least four weeks): fecal calprotectin or fecal lactoferrin to screen for inflammatory ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p310a.html

Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation for Maintaining Cognitive Functioning in ...

Mar 1, 2020 - Vitamin and mineral supplementation has little to no beneficial effect on preserving cognitive functioning or preventing dementia in cognitively healthy adults 40 years and older.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p272.html

ACIP Approves 2020 Adult and Childhood/Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2020 - The 2020 adult and childhood/adolescent immunization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p251.html

Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer: ...

Feb 15, 2020 - The USPSTF recommends that primary care clinicians assess women with a personal or family history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer or who have an ancestry associated with breast cancer susceptibility 1 and 2 (BRCA1/2) gene mutations with an appropriate brief familial risk...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p233.html

What You Should Know About Valley Fever - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2020 - ...https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/coccidioidomycosis/ Valley Fever Center for Excellence https://vfce.arizona.edu/education/banner-valley-fever-clinical-practice-toolbox Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere. Choose a single article, issue,...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0215/p221-s1.html

Breast Cancer Screening: ACP Releases Guidance Statements - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2020 - The American College of Physicians reviewed guidelines from other organizations and developed four statements to provide advice to clinicians about breast cancer screening for women who are at average risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p184.html

Clostridioides difficile Infection: Update on Management - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2020 - Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Clostridioides difficile infection have recently been updated. Risk factors include recent exposure to health care facilities or antibiotics, especially clindamycin. C. difficile infection is characterized by a wide range of symptoms, from ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p168.html

Menopause - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen and progestogen therapy, hormone therapy, hot flashes, mood symptoms, sexual difficulties, and postmenopause. This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=59

Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Updated Guidance from the AHA, ACC, and HRS - ...

Jan 15, 2020 - This guideline on atrial fibrillation (AF) management from the American Heart Association (AHA), American College of Cardiology (ACC), and Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) is an update of the 2014 version and is based on new evidence from clinical trials and the U.S. Food and Drug ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p123.html

Beers Criteria for Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Patients: An Update from the ...

Jan 1, 2020 - The 2019 American Geriatrics Society update of the Beers Criteria uses the five criteria outlined in 2015; these include medications that should typically be avoided in most older patients, medications that should be avoided in older patients with certain conditions, medications that ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p56.html

Managing Chronic Hypertension in Pregnant Women: ACOG Releases Updated Practice ...

Dec 15, 2019 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released an updated practice bulletin to outline diagnosis, effects on pregnancy outcomes, and approaches for management based on new evidence.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p782.html

Influenza: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2019 - Influenza is an acute viral respiratory infection that causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Three types of influenza cause disease in humans. Influenza A is the type most responsible for causing pandemics because of its high susceptibility to antigenic variation. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p751.html

The Case Against Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring for Cardiovascular Disease Risk ...

Dec 15, 2019 - Although coronary artery calcium testing may slightly improve future risk prediction, this theoretical benefit is outweighed by its potential harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p734.html

Diagnosing VTE: Guidelines from the American Society of Hematology - Practice ...

Dec 1, 2019 - The American Society of Hematology has published recommendations for determining the optimal diagnostic strategy based on pretest risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p716.html

Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2019 - Acute kidney injury is a clinical syndrome characterized by a rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate and resultant accumulation of metabolic waste products. Acute kidney injury is associated with an increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular events, and progression to chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p687.html

Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: A Practice Bulletin from ACOG - Practice ...

Nov 15, 2019 - Globally, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are one of the main causes of maternal death. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has released a practice bulletin to outline diagnosis and treatment recommendations for these conditions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p649.html

Pilonidal Disease Management: Guidelines from the ASCRS - Practice Guidelines - ...

Nov 1, 2019 - The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) has released a clinical practice guideline to provide physicians with diagnosis and treatment options of pilonidal disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p582.html

Care of the Military Veteran: Selected Health Issues - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2019 - According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 18.2 million veterans were living in the United States in 2017, of whom 1.6 million were female. Less than one-half of all veterans receive care at a Veterans Health Administration or military treatment facility, leaving most to receive services from...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p544.html

Influenza Vaccination: Updated Recommendations from ACIP - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2019 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2019–2020 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p505.html

Pharmacologic Treatment for Older Children with ADHD - Letters to the Editor - American...

Oct 15, 2019 - ...al.; Subcommitee on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder; Steering Committee on Quality Improvement and Management. ADHD: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Pediatrics....

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p455.html

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease - FPIN's Clinical ...

Oct 15, 2019 - Patients with established cardiovascular disease or risk factors (e.g., ischemic cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, high risk of atherothrombotic disease) should receive dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin plus clopidogrel, which confers additional benefit over ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p463.html

Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2019 - Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p426.html

Perinatal Depression: AAP Policy Statement on Recognition and Management - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2019 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has released a policy statement regarding the integration of perinatal depression recognition and management into well-child visits.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p443.html

Corrections - Oct 1, 2019 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2019 - ...Treatment of Gender-Dysphoric/Gender-Incongruent Persons: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline, at https://www.endocrine.org/guidelines-and-clinical-practice/clinical-practice-guidelines/gender-dysphoria-gender-incongruence.66 Reference 66 was also replaced with the...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p393.html

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy for High-Risk TIA and Minor Stroke: BMJ Rapid Recommendation ...

Sep 15, 2019 - Based on a recent randomized controlled trial followed by a systematic review, the BMJ and MAGIC group concluded that dual antiplatelet therapy use for a limited period after mild stroke is beneficial.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p378.html

Otitis Media: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2019 - Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common diagnosis in childhood acute sick visits. By three years of age, 50% to 85% of children will have at least one episode of AOM. Symptoms may include ear pain (rubbing, tugging, or holding the ear may be a sign of pain), fever, irritability, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p350.html

Tonsillectomy in Children: AAO-HNS Updates Guideline - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 1, 2019 - The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO–HNS) has updated its 2011 guideline on tonsillectomy indications and perioperative care in children one to 18 years of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p316.html

Treatment of the Common Cold - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2019 - Acute upper respiratory tract infections are extremely common in adults and children, but only a few safe and effective treatments are available. Patients typically present with nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, sore throat, cough, general malaise, and/or low-grade fever. Informing patients...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p281.html

Venous Ulcers: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2019 - Venous ulcers are the most common type of chronic lower extremity ulcers, affecting 1% to 3% of the U.S. population. Venous hypertension as a result of venous reflux (incompetence) or obstruction is thought to be the primary underlying mechanism for venous ulcer formation. Risk factors ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p298.html

Gabapentin for Treatment of Radicular Low Back Pain - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 1, 2019 - Gabapentin is not effective for the treatment of radicular low back pain and is associated with adverse effects.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p309.html

Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in Children: AAP Provides Recommendations - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has created an evidence-based guideline recommending the use of isotonic fluids for patients 28 days to 18 years of age to reduce the risk of developing hyponatremia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p251.html

Infantile Hemangioma: AAP Releases Guideline for Management - Practice Guidelines - ...

Aug 1, 2019 - Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of childhood, occurring in up to approximately 5% of infants. These benign vascular tumors are small, self-resolving, and do not require treatment.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p186.html

Hirsutism in Women - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2019 - Hirsutism is the excessive growth of terminal hair in a typical male pattern in a female. It is often a sign of excessive androgen levels. Although many conditions can lead to hirsutism, polycystic ovary syndrome and idiopathic hyperandrogenism account for more than 85% of cases. Less ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p168.html

Pharyngitis (Sore Throat) - American Family Physician

Jul 29, 2019 - ...Pharyngitis [Practice Guidelines] Screening and Diagnosis 06/15/2014 Diagnosis of Streptococcal Pharyngitis [Point-of-Care Guides] Treatment 06/15/2018 Corticosteroids for Sore Throat: BMJ Rapid Recommendation [Practice Guidelines] 05/15/2015 Acute...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=110

Interpregnancy Care: Guidelines from ACOG and SMFM - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 15, 2019 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have published guidelines focusing on interpregnancy care to improve outcomes of future pregnancies and the overall health of women, regardless of their future pregnancy plans.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p121.html

Hearing Loss in Adults: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2019 - More than 30 million U.S. adults have hearing loss. This condition is underrecognized, and hearing aids and other hearing enhancement technologies are underused. Hearing loss is categorized as conductive, sensorineural, or mixed. Age-related sensorineural hearing loss (i.e., ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p98.html

Physical Activity: Updated Recommendations from HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 1, 2019 - The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recently published updated recommendations on physical activity based on a systematic review of the effect of physical activity on health. The committee addressed 38 questions and 104 subquestions and graded the evidence based on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p58.html

Amenorrhea: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2019 - Menstrual patterns can be an indicator of overall health and self-perception of well-being. Primary amenorrhea, defined as the lifelong absence of menses, requires evaluation if menarche has not occurred by 15 years of age or three years post-thelarche. Secondary amenorrhea is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p39.html

Depression Following Acute Coronary Syndrome Events: Screening and Treatment Guidelines...

Jun 15, 2019 - ...Practice Guidelines Depression Following Acute Coronary Syndrome Events: Screening and Treatment Guidelines from the AAFP JENNIFER FROST, MD, Swope Health Services, Wyandotte, Kansas ROBERT L. RICH JR., MD, FAAFP, UnitedHealthcare Community Plan of North Carolina, Bladen County...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/od2.html

Depression After ACS Events: AAFP Releases Updated Guidelines - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - The American Academy of Family Physicians has released a guideline focusing on depression in adults within three months of an ACS event (unstable angina or myocardial infarction). The guideline is based on a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and observational studies and...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p785.html

Diabetic Kidney Disease: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2019 - Globally, approximately 20% of the 400 million individuals with diabetes mellitus have diabetic kidney disease (DKD). DKD is associated with higher cardiovascular and all-cause morbidity and mortality, so timely diagnosis and treatment are critical. Screening for early DKD is best done ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p751.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Determining Safe Treatment in the Outpatient Setting - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - When is it safe to treat a patient with community-acquired pneumonia a an outpatient?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p768.html

Cancer Screening: ACS Releases Annual Summary of Recommendations - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The American Cancer Society (ACS) provides a summary of recommendations for cancer screening each year, including any updates and recent data, and advice for when recommendations cannot be made.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p719.html

Caregiver Care - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2019 - Eighty percent of adults requiring long-term care currently live at home in the community, and unpaid family caregivers provide 90% of their care. Family caregivers serve as a critical extension of the U.S. health care system, and the demand for family caregivers is expected to increase...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p699.html

Overview of New ACC/AHA Lipid Guidelines - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2019 - These updated guidelines, made without any input from primary care physicians who manage most patients with hyperlipidemia, are more complex than the 2013 guidelines and will likely lead to even more recommendations for statins, ezetimibe (Zetia), and PSK9 inhibitors.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p716.html

Chronic Cough After Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: Suggestions from the ACCP - Practice ...

May 15, 2019 - To address the high prevalence of bronchiolitis, the effects of chronic cough on patients' quality of life, and adverse effects from inappropriate use of medications, an expert panel from the American College of Chest Physicians performed systematic reviews to develop several ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p654.html

Cholesterol Management: ACC/AHA Updates Guideline - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2019 - The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) task force on clinical practice guidelines has updated its 2013 cholesterol guideline.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p589.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2018 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2019 - In 2018, through regular surveillance of more than 110 English-language research journals, 255 research studies met the criteria to become POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters). Using a validated tool, physician members of the Canadian Medical Association rated these POEMs for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p565.html

Interventional Radiology: Indications and Best Practices - American Family Physician

May 1, 2019 - Interventional radiology employs image-guided techniques to perform minimally invasive procedures for diagnosis and treatment. Interventional radiology is often used to place central venous catheters and subcutaneous ports, with some evidence of benefit over surgical placement. Arterial...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p547.html

Psychological and Pharmacologic Treatments for Adults with PTSD - Implementing AHRQ ...

May 1, 2019 - What are the benefits and harms of psychotherapies and pharmacologic agents for the treatment of adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p577.html

Child Passenger Safety: AAP Updates Best Practice Recommendations - Practice Guidelines...

Apr 15, 2019 - There has been an increase in scientific evidence supporting the use of child safety and booster seats. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated best practice recommendations on child passenger safety based on this evidence.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p525.html

Mild TBI in Children: Guidance from the CDC for Diagnosis and Treatment - Practice ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Mild traumatic brain injury in children is a major problem in the United States. Based on a systematic literature review, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released recommendations specific to children with Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 13 to 15.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p462.html

Current Concepts in Concussion: Initial Evaluation and Management - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Mild traumatic brain injury, also known as concussion, is common in adults and youth and is a major health concern. Concussion is caused by direct or indirect external trauma to the head resulting in shear stress to brain tissue from rotational or angular forces. Concussion can affect a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p426.html

Guideline, with No Evidence, Suggests Annual Screening for Urinary Incontinence in ...

Apr 1, 2019 - The goal of screening is to identify a disorder before it becomes symptomatic if early treatment has the potential for greater benefit than waiting until symptoms are reported. Despite the failure to meet this definition, this guideline suggests annual screening of women for urinary ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p459.html

HIV Prevention and Treatment with ART: International Antiviral Society Updates ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Antiretroviral therapy is the key to preventing and managing human immunodeficiency virus infection. Based on the availability of new medications and treatment options, the USA Panel of the International Antiviral Society has updated its 2016 recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/p395.html

Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 12% to 20% of Americans 60 years and older. The most significant risk factors for PAD are hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and smoking; the presence of three or more factors confers a 10-fold...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/p362.html

Peripheral Vascular Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2019 - ...and Interpretation [Practice Guidelines] Treatment 02/01/2017 Peripheral Vascular Disease: Treatment in Older Adults [FPIN's Help Desk Answers] 05/15/2012 ACCF/AHA Update Peripheral Artery Disease Management Guideline [Practice Guidelines] 09/15/2011 Effective...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=82

Right Care for Children: Top Five Do's and Don'ts - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2019 - Underuse and overuse of medical interventions, failure to use interventions known to be effective, and provision of tests or interventions in which benefits do not exceed harms are types of low-value care. The Lown Institute’s Right Care Alliance Children’s Health Council identified ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/p376.html

Myocardial Infarction: Expert Consensus Group Provides Updated Definition - Practice ...

Mar 1, 2019 - An expert consensus group of the European Society of Cardiology, American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association, and World Heart Federation has provided an updated universal definition of myocardial infarction.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/p334.html

Hepatitis B: Screening, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2019 - Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a partly double-stranded DNA virus that causes acute and chronic liver infection. Screening for hepatitis B is recommended in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit and in adolescents and adults at high risk of chronic infection. Hepatitis B vaccination ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/p314.html

ACIP Approves 2019 Adult and Childhood/Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice ...

Feb 15, 2019 - The 2019 adult and childhood/adolescent immunization schedules have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p264.html

Otalgia, Preeclampsia, Latent Tuberculosis, Pityriasis Rosea, Extremity Pain - AFP ...

Feb 15, 2019 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p226.html

Urinary Incontinence: Screening Recommendation from the WPSI - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2019 - Urinary incontinence adversely affects health, quality of life, and function for most women at some point in their lives. However, it is underreported because of embarrassment, stigma, or acceptance as normal. Early intervention may reduce progression, improve quality of life, and limit...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p194.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2019 - ...Misspelled name. The Practice Guideline Bleeding with Anticoagulants: ACC Releases Expert Consensus Decision Pathway to Guide Management (July 1, 2018, p. 57) contained an error by referring to vitamin K agonists rather than vitamin K antagonists in three places within the last...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p143a.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening: ACS Updates Guideline for Adults with Average Risk - ...

Jan 15, 2019 - To support early identification and treatment, the American Cancer Society (ACS) has updated its 2008 guidance on counseling and referring patients at average risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) based on new evidence regarding screening options and the ever-changing risk of CRC.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p129.html

Corrections - Jan 15, 2019 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - ...Vitamin K Antagonists. The Practice Guideline, Newly Detected Atrial Fibrillation: AAFP Updates Guidelines on Pharmacologic Management (September 1, 2017, p. 332), incorrectly identified vitamin K antagonists as vitamin K agonists in the first paragraph in the left column on page...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p77c.html

Deprescribing Benzodiazepine Receptor Agonists for Insomnia in Adults - Practice ...

Jan 1, 2019 - A multidisciplinary group of clinicians as part of the Deprescribing Guidelines in the Elderly project has developed evidence-based guidelines focused on deprescribing long-term Benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs) in patients taking them for insomnia, with the goal of helping ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p57.html

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