Search Results for

Medicine by the numbers

501-600 of 7062 Results
Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

Pressure Ulcers: Prevention, Evaluation, and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - A pressure ulcer is a localized injury to the skin or underlying tissue, usually over a bony prominence, as a result of unrelieved pressure. Predisposing factors are classified as intrinsic (e.g., limited mobility, poor nutrition, comorbidities, aging skin) or extrinsic (e.g., pressure,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1186.html

Medicine by the Numbers Department Collection - American Family Physician

From The NNT Group (thennt.com), these provide short, concise, evidence-based ratings of therapies, diagnostic tests, and risk assessments commonly used in family medicine. These rating are based on patient-important benefits and harms.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=113

Medicine by the Numbers Department Collection - American Family Physician

From The NNT Group (thennt.com), these provide short, concise, evidence-based ratings of therapies, diagnostic tests, and risk assessments commonly used in family medicine. These rating are based on patient-important benefits and harms.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=113&page=0

Schizophrenia - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2014 - Schizophrenia is the most common psychotic disease, with a global prevalence of less than 1%. It affects all ethnicities and is slightly more common in men. Patients with schizophrenia commonly experience debilitating social and occupational impairments, but some are able to function ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1201/p775.html

Treatment of Childhood and Adolescent Depression - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2012 - Major depressive disorder in children and adolescents is a common condition that affects physical, emotional, and social development. Risk factors include a family history of depression, parental conflict, poor peer relationships, deficits in coping skills, and negative thinking. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p442.html

Erythema Nodosum: A Sign of Systemic Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Erythema nodosum, a painful disorder of the subcutaneous fat, is the most common type of panniculitis. Generally, it is idiopathic, although the most common identifiable cause is streptococcal pharyngitis. Erythema nodosum may be the first sign of a systemic disease such as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p695.html

Vision Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Vision loss affects 37 million Americans older than 50 years and one in four who are older than 80 years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity in adults...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p219.html

Would Medicare for All Be the Most Beneficial Health Care System for Family Physicians ...

Oct 1, 2020 - We must use the lessons of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic to better prepare for the next one and address the shortcomings in our health care system.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p389.html

Recognition and Management of Vitamin D Deficiency - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - Vitamin D deficiency affects persons of all ages. Common manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are symmetric low back pain, proximal muscle weakness, muscle aches, and throbbing bone pain elicited with pressure over the sternum or tibia. A 25-hydroxyvitamin D level should be obtained ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p841.html

Management of Common Sleep Disorders - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Sleep disorders are common and affect sleep quality and quantity, leading to increased morbidity. Patients with sleep disorders can be categorized as those who cannot sleep, those who will not sleep, those with excessive daytime sleepiness, and those with increased movements during ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p231.html

Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT): A Patient-Centered Approach to Grading ...

Feb 1, 2004 - A large number of taxonomies are used to rate the quality of an individual study and the strength of a recommendation based on a body of evidence. We have developed a new grading scale that will be used by several family medicine and primary care journals (required or optional), with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p548.html

Nonpharmacologic Management of Chronic Insomnia - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2015 - Insomnia affects 10% to 30% of the population with a total cost of $92.5 to $107.5 billion annually. Short-term, chronic, and other types of insomnia are the three major categories according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 3rd ed. The criteria for diagnosis are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1215/p1058.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is atherosclerosis leading to narrowing of the major arteries distal to the aortic arch. The most common presenting symptom is claudication; however, only 10% of patients have classic claudication. Approximately 8 to 12 million Americans have PAD, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p306.html

Counseling on Early Childhood Concerns: Sleep Issues, Thumb-Sucking, Picky Eating, ...

Aug 15, 2015 - Family physicians are often a source of information and advice on early childhood concerns regarding sleep, thumb-sucking/pacifier use, picky eating, school readiness, and oral health. Evidence indicates that family variables are important in the genesis of sleep difficulties, and that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p274.html

Functional Decline in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2013 - Functional disability is common in older adults. It is often episodic and is associated with a high risk of subsequent health decline. The severity of disability is determined by physical impairments caused by underlying medical conditions, and by external factors such as social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p388.html

Pertussis: A Reemerging Infection - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2013 - Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an acute respiratory tract infection that has increased in incidence in recent years. The initial catarrhal stage presents with nonspecific symptoms of malaise, rhinorrhea, sneezing, lacrimation, and mild cough. During the paroxysmal stage, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p507.html

Cancer Screening in Older Patients - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - Although cancer is the second leading cause of death among persons 65 years and older, there is a paucity of clinical trial data about the effectiveness and harms of cancer screening in this population. Given the heterogeneous nature of the older population, cancer screening in these ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p659.html

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited cause of kidney disease. Enlarging cysts within the kidneys are the clinical hallmark of the disease. Renal manifestations include varying degrees of kidney injury, urinary tract infections, kidney stones,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p303.html

Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Practical Approach - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2015 - Sexual dysfunction in women is a common and often distressing problem that has a negative impact on quality of life and medication compliance. The problem is often multifactorial, necessitating a multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment approach that addresses biological, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p281.html

2020 National Residency Match Program Results: Where Does Family Medicine Stand and ...

Aug 15, 2020 - Although overshadowed by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, results of the 2020 National Residency Match Program (The Match) are in.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p202.html

Treatment Options for Acne Rosacea - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2009 - Rosacea is a common chronic, and sometimes progressive, dermatosis. It is characterized, alone or in combination, by central facial erythema,symmetric flushing, stinging sensation, inflammatory lesions (papules and pustules), telangiectasias, and phymatous changes (tissue hyperplasia ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p461.html

Choosing a Skeletal Muscle Relaxant - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2008 - Skeletal muscle relaxants are widely used in treating musculoskeletal conditions. However, evidence of their effectiveness consists mainly of studies with poor methodologic design. In addition, these drugs have not been proven to be superior to acetaminophen or nonsteroidal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p365.html

Somatoform Disorders - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2007 - The somatoform disorders are a group of psychiatric disorders that cause unexplained physical symptoms. They include somatization disorder (involving multisystem physical symptoms), undifferentiated somatoform disorder (fewer symptoms than somatization disorder), conversion disorder ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1333.html

Diagnostic Approach to Pleural Effusion in Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - The first step in the evaluation of patients with pleural effusion is to determine whether the effusion is a transudate or an exudate. An exudative effusion is diagnosed if the patient meets Light's criteria. The serum to pleural fluid protein or albumin gradients may help better ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1211.html

Hearing Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2012 - Hearing loss affects approximately one-third of adults 61 to 70 years of age and more than 80 percent of those older than 85 years. Men usually experience greater hearing loss and have earlier onset compared with women. The most common type is age-related hearing loss; however, many ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1150.html

Chronic Daily Headache: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2014 - Chronic daily headache is defined as the presence of a headache on 15 days or more per month for at least three months. The most common types of chronic daily headache are chronic migraines and chronic tension-type headaches. If a red flag for a secondary cause of headache is present, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p642.html

State-Level Variation in Primary Care Physician Density - Graham Center Policy ...

Jul 1, 2021 - Despite representing only one-third of the physician workforce in the United States, primary care physicians (PCPs) are the first contact with the health care system for most patients. A 2010 report by the Council on Graduate Medical Education recommended that 40% of the physician ...

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p133.html

Evaluating the Safety and Effectiveness of New Drugs - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2010 - Prescribers seek to provide their patients with access to the latest innovations in medicine to maximize their health status. When a new drug comes to market, it often has not been as widely tested as other available therapies, and its effectiveness and safety cannot be fully evaluated....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p53.html

Exercise vs. No Exercise for the Occurrence, Severity, and Duration of Acute ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2021 - For adults, regular exercise may reduce the overall severity of acute respiratory tract infections and the number of days with symptoms, but there is no evidence that exercise reduces the overall occurrence or duration of these infections.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/p144.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Basal Cell and Squamous Cell Carcinoma - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2012 - Family physicians are regularly faced with identifying, treating, and counseling patients with skin cancers. Nonmelanoma skin cancer, which encompasses basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma, is the most common cancer in the United States. Ultraviolet B exposure is a significant factor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0715/p161.html

The Case Against Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring for Cardiovascular Disease Risk ...

Dec 15, 2019 - Although coronary artery calcium testing may slightly improve future risk prediction, this theoretical benefit is outweighed by its potential harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p734.html

Pharmacologic Management of Heart Failure Caused by Systolic Dysfunction - American ...

Apr 1, 2008 - Heart failure caused by systolic dysfunction affects more than 5 million adults in the United States and is a common source of outpatient visits to primary care physicians. Mortality rates are high, yet a number of pharmacologic interventions may improve outcomes. Other interventions, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p957.html

Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - Continuous electronic fetal monitoring was developed in the 1960s to assist in the diagnosis of fetal hypoxia during labor. Continuous electronic fetal monitoring has been shown to reduce the incidence of neonatal seizures, but there has been no beneficial effect in decreasing cerebral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1388.html

Urinary Retention in Adults: Diagnosis and Initial Management - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2008 - Urinary retention is the inability to voluntarily void urine. This condition can be acute or chronic. Causes of urinary retention are numerous and can be classified as obstructive, infectious and inflammatory, pharmacologic, neurologic, or other. The most common cause of urinary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p643.html

Dermatologic Conditions in Skin of Color: Part II. Disorders Occurring Predominately in...

Jun 15, 2013 - Several skin conditions are more common in persons with skin of color, including dermatosis papulosa nigra, pseudofolliculitis barbae, acne keloidalis nuchae, and keloids. Dermatosis papulosa nigra is a common benign condition characterized by skin lesions that do not require treatment,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p859.html

Update on the Evaluation and Management of Functional Dyspepsia - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2011 - Dyspepsia affects up to 40 percent of adults each year and is often diagnosed as functional (nonulcer) dyspepsia. The defining symptoms are postprandial fullness, early satiation, or epigastric pain or burning in the absence of causative structural disease. These symptoms may coexist ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p547.html

Geriatric Assistive Devices - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - Disability and mobility problems increase with age. Assistive devices such as canes, crutches, and walkers can be used to increase a patient’s base of support, improve balance, and increase activity and independence, but they are not without significant musculoskeletal and metabolic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p405.html

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Newer Agents for the Management of Overactive Bladder - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - The anticholinergics tolterodine and oxybutynin are well established in the management of overactive bladder. However, their activity at muscarinic receptors distant from the target site (i.e., bladder) produces anticholinergic side effects leading to poor tolerability. In 2004, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2061.html

Shave and Punch Biopsy for Skin Lesions - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2011 - Shave and punch biopsies are essential procedures for physicians who manage skin conditions. These office-based procedures can diagnose questionable dermatologic lesions, including possible malignancies. Approaches include the superficial shave biopsy, saucerization excision, punch ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1101/p995.html

The Older Driver - Curbside Consultation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2020 - Advancing age on its own is not a reason to stop driving. The ability to drive may enable older adults to maintain family and social interactions and to promote independence by accessing community resources, services, and volunteer opportunities.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p625.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Herpes zoster (shingles) is diagnosed clinically by recognition of the distinctive, painful vesicular rash appearing in a unilateral, dermatomal distribution. An estimated 1 million cases occur in the United States each year, and increasing age is the primary risk factor. Laboratory ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1432.html

Oral Manifestations of Systemic Disease - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2010 - Careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal findings indicative of an underlying systemic condition, and allow for early diagnosis and treatment. Examination should include evaluation for mucosal changes, periodontal inflammation and bleeding, and general condition of the teeth. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1381.html

Urinalysis: A Comprehensive Review - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - A complete urinalysis includes physical, chemical, and microscopic examinations. Midstream clean collection is acceptable in most situations, but the specimen should be examined within two hours of collection. Cloudy urine often is a result of precipitated phosphate crystals in alkaline...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1153.html

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: ...

Jan 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that adults without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (i.e., symptomatic coronary artery disease or ischemic stroke) use a low- to moderate-dose statin for the prevention of CVD events and mortality when all of the following criteria are met: (1) they are ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/od1.html

Atopic Dermatitis: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is a chronic pruritic skin condition affecting approximately 17.8 million persons in the United States. It can lead to significant morbidity. A simplified version of the U.K. Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria can help make the diagnosis....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p35.html

Diabetes Mellitus: Diagnosis and Screening - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2010 - Based on etiology, diabetes is classified as type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, latent autoimmune diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes of youth, and miscellaneous causes. The diagnosis is based on measurement of A1C level, fasting or random blood glucose level, or oral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p863.html

Cutaneous Cryosurgery - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Cutaneous cryosurgery refers to localized application of freezing temperatures to achieve destruction of skin lesions. It can be used to treat a broad range of benign and premalignant skin conditions, and certain malignant skin conditions, with high cure rates. Cellular destruction is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1118.html

The Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Medical Examination: Practical Issues - American ...

Apr 15, 2010 - The commercial motor vehicle driver medical examination aims to ensure that commercial drivers can safely perform all driving and nondriving work-related tasks. In conducting the examination and completing the related certification, the medical examiner must follow mandated medical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p975.html

Diagnosis and Management of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2012 - Upper gastrointestinal bleeding causes significant morbidity and mortality in the United States, and has been associated with increasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and the high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding. Rapid ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p469.html

Principles of Casting and Splinting - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - The ability to properly apply casts and splints is a technical skill easily mastered with practice and an understanding of basic principles. The initial approach to casting and splinting requires a thorough assessment of the injured extremity for proper diagnosis. Once the need for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p16.html

Preventive Health Care for Men Who Have Sex with Men - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2015 - Men who have sex with men (MSM) comprise at least 4% of males in the United States. MSM may describe themselves as gay, bisexual, or heterosexual. Because current medical practice does not always facilitate discussion of sexual behaviors, this group of men may face barriers to receiving...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p844.html

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in the Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - ...

Sep 15, 2010 - Pulmonary rehabilitation is a nonpharmacologic therapy that has emerged as a standard of care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, patient-centered intervention that includes patient assessment, exercise training, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p655.html

Treatment of Alzheimer Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2011 - Alzheimer disease is the most common form of dementia, affecting more than one-third of Americans older than 85 years. It is characterized by progressive memory loss and cognitive decline. Amyloid plaque accumulation, neurofibrillary tau tangles, and depletion of acetylcholine are among...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1403.html

Evaluation of Short and Tall Stature in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - Children and adolescents whose heights and growth velocities deviate from the normal percentiles on standard growth charts present a special challenge to physicians. Height that is less than the 3rd percentile or greater than the 97th percentile is deemed short or tall stature, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p597.html

Management of Genital Warts - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2004 - Genital warts caused by human papillomavirus infection are encountered commonly in primary care. Evidence guiding treatment selection is limited, but treatment guidelines recently have changed. Biopsy, viral typing, acetowhite staining, and other diagnostic measures are not routinely ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/p2335.html

Outpatient Primary Care Management of Headaches: Guidelines from the VA/DoD - Practice ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and U.S. Department of Defense (VA/DoD) published updated guidelines for the treatment of headache disorders based on a systematic review.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p316.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2010 - Cough is the most common symptom bringing patients to the primary care physician’s office, and acute bronchitis is usually the diagnosis in these patients. Acute bronchitis should be differentiated from other common diagnoses, such as pneumonia and asthma, because these conditions may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1345.html

The Visually Impaired Patient - American Family Physician

May 15, 2008 - Blindness or low vision affects more than 3 million Americans 40 years and older, and this number is projected to reach 5.5 million by 2020. In addition to treating a patient's vision loss and comorbid medical issues, physicians must be aware of the physical limitations and social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1431.html

Benefits of Teaching Medical Students: Perspectives from a Community Physician ...

Aug 1, 2020 - There is a need for more enthusiastic community family physician mentors to improve the shortage of medical students going into primary care and to reach the goal of 25% of students choosing family medicine by 2030.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p140.html

Care of the Returning Veteran - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2010 - Of the 23.8 million military veterans living in the United States, approximately 3 million have served in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom. The injuries and illnesses that affect veterans returning from combat are predictable. Blast injuries are common and most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p43.html

Common Questions About Pacemakers - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2014 - Pacemakers are indicated in patients with certain symptomatic bradyarrhythmias caused by sinus node dysfunction, and in those with frequent, prolonged sinus pauses. Patients with third-degree or complete atrioventricular (AV) block benefit from pacemaker placement, as do those with type...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p279.html

Update on Routine Childhood and Adolescent Immunizations - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2015 - Recommendations for routine vaccinations in children and adolescents have changed multiple times in recent years, based on findings in clinical trials, licensure of new vaccines, and evidence of waning immunity. Despite the overwhelming success of vaccinations, vaccine delay and refusal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p460.html

Common Questions About Clostridium difficile Infection - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2014 - Clostridium difficile infection is a common cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. It causes no symptoms in more than one-half of infected patients, but can also cause a wide spectrum of illnesses and death. The incidence and severity have increased in recent years. The most important...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p437.html

Acute and Chronic Paronychia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2008 - Paronychia is an inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail of a toe or finger. Paronychia may be classified as either acute or chronic. The main factor associated with the development of acute paronychia is direct or indirect trauma to the cuticle or nail fold. This ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p339.html

Parkinson Disease: An Update - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2013 - Parkinson disease is a progressive neurologic disorder afflicting approximately 1 percent of Americans older than 60 years. The cardinal features of Parkinson disease are bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor, and postural instability. There are a number of neurologic conditions that mimic the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p267.html

Special Considerations in Interpreting Liver Function Tests - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1999 - A number of pitfalls can be encountered in the interpretation of common blood liver function tests. These tests can be normal in patients with chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis. The normal range for aminotransferase levels is slightly higher in males, nonwhites and obese persons. Severe ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2223.html

Clinical Utility of the Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) determination is a commonly performed laboratory test with a time-honored role. However, the usefulness of this test has decreased as new methods of evaluating disease have been developed. The test remains helpful in the specific diagnosis of a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1443.html

Evaluation of First Nonfebrile Seizures - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2012 - Nonfebrile seizures may indicate underlying disease or epilepsy. The patient history can often distinguish epileptic seizures from nonepileptic disorders by identifying the events directly preceding the convulsion, associated conditions, and details of the seizure, including triggers, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p334.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Venous Ulcers - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - Venous ulcer, also known as stasis ulcer, is the most common etiology of lower extremity ulceration, affecting approximately 1 percent of the U.S. population. Possible causes of venous ulcers include inflammatory processes resulting in leukocyte activation, endothelial damage, platelet ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p989.html

Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2008 - Vaginal delivery is a natural process that usually does not require significant medical intervention. Management guided by current knowledge of the relevant screening tests and normal labor process can greatly increase the probability of an uncomplicated delivery and postpartum course. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p336.html

Update on Vitamin B12 Deficiency - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2011 - Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency is a common cause of megaloblastic anemia, a variety of neuropsychiatric symp- toms, and elevated serum homocysteine levels, especially in older persons. There are a number of risk factors for vitamin B12 deficiency, including prolonged use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1425.html

Effectiveness of Moisturizers in the Treatment of Patients with Eczema - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Moisturizers decrease the rate of eczema flare-ups by 3.7 times vs. no treatment (number needed to treat [NNT] = 4), as well as the amount of topical corticosteroids used per eczema flare-up (9.3 g less). Adverse effects are minimal.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p18.html

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2012 - Pelvic inflammatory disease is a polymicrobial infection of the upper genital tract. It primarily affects young, sexually active women. The diagnosis is made clinically; no single test or study is sensitive or specific enough for a definitive diagnosis. Pelvic inflammatory disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p791.html

Leukotriene Inhibitors in the Treatment of Allergy and Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Leukotriene inhibitors are the first new class of medications for the treatment of persistent asthma that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than two decades. They also have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Prescriptions of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p65.html

Diagnosis and Management of IBS in Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2012 - Irritable bowel syndrome is defined as abdominal discomfort or pain associated with altered bowel habits for at least three days per month in the previous three months, with the absence of organic disease. In North America, the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome is 5 to 10 percent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p419.html

Complications of Adjustable Gastric Banding Surgery for Obesity - American Family ...

May 15, 2014 - Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding procedures have a favorable risk-benefit profile and are increasingly important as part of the overall management of obesity. These procedures are effective at inducing weight loss and improving comorbid conditions, including diabetes mellitus, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p813.html

Prevention and Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2007 - Postpartum hemorrhage, the loss of more than 500 mL of blood after delivery, occurs in up to 18 percent of births and is the most common maternal morbidity in developed countries. Although risk factors and preventive strategies are dearly documented, not all cases are expected or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p875.html

Common Dental Infections in the Primary Care Setting - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2008 - Family physicians commonly encounter patients with dental infections, such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Dental caries is caused by bacteria that destroy the enamel and dentin; it can be detected by an oral examination that shows stained pits or fissures on the tooth ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p797.html

Prostatitis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2010 - Prostatitis ranges from a straightforward clinical entity in its acute form to a complex, debilitating condition when chronic. It is often a source of frustration for the treating physician and patient. There are four classifications of prostatitis: acute bacterial, chronic bacterial, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p397.html

Common Questions About Late-Term and Postterm Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2014 - Pregnancy is considered late term from 41 weeks, 0 days’ to 41 weeks, 6 days’ gestation, and postterm at 42 weeks’ gestation. Early dating of the pregnancy is important for accurately determining when a pregnancy is late- or postterm, and first-trimester ultrasonography should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p160.html

Revised AAP Guideline on UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2012 - In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics released a revision of its 1999 clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children two to 24 months of age. The new clinical practice guideline has several important updates based on evidence ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p940.html

Options for Women with Unintended Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2015 - Unintended pregnancy refers to unwanted, unplanned, or mistimed pregnancies. One-half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and family physicians are often asked to provide counseling, support, and resources for women with unintended pregnancies. Options include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p544.html

Diagnosis and Management of G6PD Deficiency - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, the most common enzyme deficiency worldwide, causes a spectrum of disease including neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, acute hemolysis, and chronic hemolysis. Persons with this condition also may be asymptomatic. This X-linked inherited disorder ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1277.html

Envenomations: An Overview of Clinical Toxinology for the Primary Care Physician - ...

Oct 15, 2009 - About 4,000 to 6,000 venomous snakebites occur each year in the United States. Although these envenomations (also known as envenomings) are rarely fatal, about 70 percent require antivenom therapy. Few evidence-based guidelines are available for the management of envenomation. Antivenom...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p793.html

Dietary Fatty Acids - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - Fatty acids can be divided into four general categories: saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and trans fats. Saturated fatty acids and trans fats are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. Monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p345.html

Two Views on the New DSM-5: DSM-5: A Diagnostic Guide Relevant to Both Primary Care and...

Oct 15, 2013 - We are optimistic that by having welcomed an extensive review process and taken active steps to make DSM-5 more applicable to all of medicine, we have generated an approach that signifies a much improved future for the diagnosis and classification of mental disorders.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/od2.html

Prevention of Unintentional Childhood Injury - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2013 - Unintentional injury accounts for 40 percent of childhood deaths annually, most commonly from motor vehicle crashes. The proper use of child restraints is the most effective strategy to prevent injury or death. Motor vehicle restraint guidelines have recently been revised to an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p502.html

Office-Based Strategies for the Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Roughly two thirds of U.S. adults are overweight or obese. Obesity increases the risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, pulmonary disease, hepatobiliary disease, cancer, and a number of psychosocial complications. Physicians often feel unprepared ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1449.html

Antidepressant Discontinuation Syndrome - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome occurs in approximately 20 percent of patients after abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant medication that was taken for at least six weeks. Typical symptoms of antidepressant discontinuation syndrome include flu-like symptoms, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p449.html

Zinc: An Essential Micronutrient - American Family Physician

May 1, 2009 - Zinc is an essential micronutrient for human metabolism that catalyzes more than 100 enzymes, facilitates protein folding, and helps regulate gene expression. Patients with malnutrition, alcoholism, inflammatory bowel disease, and malabsorption syndromes are at an increased risk of zinc...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p768.html

Management of Falls in Older Persons: A Prescription for Prevention - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2011 - Although falls are a common cause of injury in older persons, they are not just a normal part of the aging process. The American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society recommend that all adults older than 65 years be screened annually for a history of falls or balance ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1201/p1267.html

Clascoterone (Winlevi) for the Treatment of Acne - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - More comparative data are needed to justify the use of clascoterone over less expensive, currently available therapies for moderate to severe acne. However, systemic absorption of clascoterone is low, and it may serve as a safe alternative for patients 12 years and older who saw ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p93.html

Can We Prevent Perinatal Depression in the Primary Care Office? - Editorials - American...

Sep 15, 2019 - Even if we do not provide maternity care, our commitment to the total care of our patients, which includes addressing behavioral medicine needs, allows us to be the ideal physicians to champion interventions to prevent perinatal depression.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p327.html

Preventing Postpartum Hemorrhage: Managing the Third Stage of Labor - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Postpartum hemorrhage is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Most postpartum hemorrhages are caused by uterine atony and occur in the immediate postpartum period. Expectant or physiologic management of the third stage of labor has been compared with active ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1025.html

Appropriate Prescribing of Medications: An Eight-Step Approach - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - A systematic approach advocated by the World Health Organization can help minimize poor-quality and erroneous prescribing. This six-step approach to prescribing suggests that the physician should (1) evaluate and dearly define the patient's problem; (2) specify the therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p231.html

Methods for Cervical Ripening and Induction of Labor - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - Induction of labor is common in obstetric practice. According to the most current studies, the rate varies from 9.5 to 33.7 percent of all pregnancies annually. In the absence of a ripe or favorable cervix, a successful vaginal birth is less likely. Therefore, cervical ripening or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2123.html

Adolescent Health Screening and Counseling - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Serious health problems, risky behavior, and poor health habits persist among adolescents despite access to medical care. Most adolescents do not seek advice about preventing leading causes of morbidity and mortality in their age group, and physicians often do not find ways to provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1109.html

A Practical Approach to Neonatal Jaundice - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Kernicterus and neurologic sequelae caused by severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia are preventable conditions. A structured and practical approach to the identification and care of infants with jaundice can facilitate prevention, thus decreasing rates of morbidity and mortality. Primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1255.html

Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2003 - Lumbar puncture is frequently performed in primary care. Properly interpreted tests can make cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) a key tool in the diagnosis of a variety of diseases. Proper evaluation of CSF depends on knowing which tests to order, normal ranges for the patient's age, and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0915/p1103.html

25 50 100 results per page