Search Results for

Medicine by the numbers

601-700 of 6915 Results
Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

Pharmacologic Treatment of Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2011 - Pharmacologic treatment of hyperlipidemia in conjunction with therapeutic lifestyle changes can be used for both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Statins have the most convincing data for primary prevention, especially for higher risk patients. Therefore, risk...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p551.html

Approach to the Adult Patient with Fever of Unknown Origin - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Fever of unknown origin (FUO) in adults is defined as a temperature higher than 38.3 degrees C (100.9 degrees F) that lasts for more than three weeks with no obvious source despite appropriate investigation. The four categories of potential etiology of FUO are classic, nosocomial, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2223.html

Adolescent Health Screening and Counseling - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Serious health problems, risky behavior, and poor health habits persist among adolescents despite access to medical care. Most adolescents do not seek advice about preventing leading causes of morbidity and mortality in their age group, and physicians often do not find ways to provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1109.html

The Homeless in America: Adapting Your Practice - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - In 2004, the National Guidelines Clearinghouse placed eight guidelines from the National Health Care for the Homeless Council on its Web site. Seven of the guidelines are on specific disease processes and one is on general care. In addition to straightforward clinical decision making, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1132.html

Treatment of Adult Obesity with Bariatric Surgery - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2011 - Bariatric surgery procedures, including laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, result in an average weight loss of 50 percent of excess body weight. Remission of diabetes mellitus occurs in approximately 80 percent of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p805.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Muscle Weakness - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - Muscle weakness is a common complaint among patients presenting to family physicians. Diagnosis begins with a patient history distinguishing weakness from fatigue or asthenia, separate conditions with different etiologies that can coexist with, or be confused for, weakness. The pattern ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1327.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2012 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2013 - This is the second annual summary of top research studies in primary care. In 2012, through regular surveillance of more than 100 English-language clinical research journals, seven clinicians identified 270 studies with the potential to change primary care practice, called POEMs, or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p380.html

Increasing the D-dimer Threshold for Patients with Low Clinical Pretest Probability ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 15, 2020 - The Pulmonary Embolism Graduated d-Dimer strategy increases the number of patients in the emergency department and outpatient setting who have PE ruled out via d-dimer testing, thus decreasing the need for chest imaging.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p117a.html

Prevention of Health Care-Associated Infections - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2014 - Health care–associated infections cause approximately 75,000 deaths annually, in addition to increasing morbidity and costs. Over the past decade, a downward trend in health care–associated infections has occurred nationwide. Basic prevention measures include administrative support, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0915/p377.html

Benefits of Avoiding Unnecessary Medical Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic - Editorials...

May 15, 2021 - How can avoiding unnecessary medical care during the COVID-19 pandemic benefit patients?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p584.html

The Mirror Lies: Body Dysmorphic Disorder - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Body dysmorphic disorder is an increasingly recognized somatoform disorder, clinically distinct from obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, and depression. Patients with body dysmorphic disorder are preoccupied with an imagined deficit in the appearance of one or more body ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p217.html

Preterm Labor - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2010 - Preventing preterm delivery remains one of the great challenges in modern medicine. Preterm birth rates continue to increase and accounted for 12.7 percent of all U.S. births in 2005. The etiology of preterm delivery is unclear, but is likely to be complex and influenced by genetics and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p477.html

Dermatologic Conditions in Skin of Color: Part I. Special Considerations for Common ...

Jun 15, 2013 - Skin of color traditionally refers to that of persons of African, Asian, Native American, Middle Eastern, and Hispanic backgrounds. Differences in cutaneous structure and function can result in skin conditions with distinct presentations and varying prevalence that require unique ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p850.html

What Is New in HIV Infection? - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2014 - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and treatment updates include screening recommendations, fourth-generation testing, preexposure prophylaxis, and a paradigm shift; treatment is prevention. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine HIV screening in persons ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p265.html

Examination of the Placenta - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - A one-minute examination of the placenta performed in the delivery room provides information that may be important to the care of both mother and infant. The findings of this assessment should be documented in the delivery records. During the examination, the size, shape, consistency ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1045.html

Pregnancy Prevention in Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2004 - Although the pregnancy rate in adolescents has declined steadily in the past 10 years, it remains a major public health problem with lasting repercussions for the teenage mothers, their infants and families, and society as a whole. Successful strategies to prevent adolescent pregnancy ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1517.html

Cerumen Impaction - American Family Physician

May 15, 2007 - Cerumen is a naturally occurring, normally extruded product of the external auditory canal. It is usually asymptomatic, but when it becomes impacted it can cause complications such as hearing loss, pain, or dizziness. It also can interfere with examination of the tympanic membrane. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1523.html

Role of the Primary Care Physician in Hodgkin Lymphoma - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - Approximately 8,200 new cases of Hodgkin lymphoma are diagnosed annually in the United States. Common presenting features include painless lymphadenopathy (usually above the diaphragm), cough, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. To decrease late complications, treatment has gradually ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p615.html

Myxedema Coma: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2000 - Myxedema coma, the extreme manifestation of hypothyroidism, is an uncommon but potentially lethal condition. Patients with hypothyroidism may exhibit a number of physiologic alterations to compensate for the lack of thyroid hormone. If these homeostatic mechanisms are overwhelmed by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1201/p2485.html

Proteinuria in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - Proteinuria is common in children and may represent a benign condition or a serious underlying renal disease or systemic disorder. Proteinuria may occur secondary to glomerular or tubular dysfunction. Although a 24-hour urine protein excretion test is usually recommended, it may be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p645.html

Common Pigmentation Disorders - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - Common causes of hyperpigmentation include postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar lentigines, ephelides (freckles), and cafe-au-lait macules. Although most hyperpigmented lesions are benign and the diagnosis is straightforward, it is important to exclude melanoma and its ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p109.html

Trifarotene (Aklief) for the Treatment of Acne - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2020 - Trifarotene is a monotherapy option for acne affecting the face and trunk and offers an alternative to topical antibiotics or anti-inflammatory agents for the management of moderate inflammatory and noninflammatory acne.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p499.html

Ocular Manifestations of Autoimmune Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2002 - Rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, the seronegative spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, giant cell arteritis, and Graves' disease are autoimmune disorders commonly encountered by family physicians. These ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p991.html

Treating Onychomycosis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - Onychomycosis accounts for one third of fungal skin infections. Because only about one half of nail dystrophies are caused by fungus, the diagnosis should be confirmed by potassium hydroxide preparation, culture or histology before treatment is started. Newer, more effective antifungal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p663.html

Diagnosis of Acute Abdominal Pain in Older Patients - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Acute abdominal pain is a common presenting complaint in older patients. Presentation may differ from that of the younger patient and is often complicated by coexistent disease, delays in presentation, and physical and social barriers. The physical examination can be misleadingly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1537.html

Evaluation of Suspected Dementia - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - As the proportion of persons in the United States older than 65 years increases, the prevalence of dementia will increase as well. Risk factors for dementia include age, family history of dementia, apolipoprotein E4 genotype, cardiovascular comorbidities, chronic anticholinergic use, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p895.html

Treatment Options for Insomnia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2007 - The frequency of sleep disruption and the degree to which insomnia significantly affects daytime function determine the need for evaluation and treatment. Physicians may initiate treatment of insomnia at an initial visit; for patients with a clear acute stressor such as grief, no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p517.html

Diagnosis and Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - American Family Physician

May 15, 2008 - Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common condition affecting older men. Typical presenting symptoms include urinary hesitancy, weak stream, nocturia, incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Acute urinary retention, which requires urgent bladder catheterization, is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1403.html

Common Questions About Barrett Esophagus - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - Barrett esophagus is a precancerous metaplasia of the esophagus that is more common in patients with chronic reflux symptoms, although it also occurs in patients without symptomatic reflux. Other risk factors include smoking, male sex, obesity, white race, hiatal hernia, and increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p92.html

Office Management of Early Pregnancy Loss - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2011 - The management of early pregnancy loss used to be based largely in the hospital setting, but it has shifted to the outpatient setting, allowing women to remain under the care of their family physician throughout the miscarriage process. Up to 15 percent of recognized pregnancies end in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p75.html

Diagnosis and Management of Crohn's Disease - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2011 - Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the gastrointestinal tract at any point from the mouth to the rectum. Patients may experience diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, abdominal masses, and anemia. Extraintestinal manifestations of Crohn’s disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1365.html

Seasonal Affective Disorder - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2012 - Seasonal affective disorder is a combination of biologic and mood disturbances with a seasonal pattern, typically occurring in the autumn and winter with remission in the spring or summer. In a given year, about 5 percent of the U.S. population experiences seasonal affective disorder, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1037.html

Evaluation of the Solitary Pulmonary Nodule - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - Solitary pulmonary nodules are common radiologic findings, typically discovered incidentally through chest radiography or computed tomography of the neck, chest, and abdomen. Primary care physicians must decide how to pursue an evaluation of a nodule once it has been identified. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p827.html

Initial Evaluation of the Patient with Suspected Dementia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - Dementia is a common disorder among older persons, and projections indicate that the number of patients with dementia in the United States will continue to grow. Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia account for the majority of cases of dementia. After a thorough history and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1745.html

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Practical Assessment and Management - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Generalized anxiety disorder is common among patients in primary care. Affected patients experience excessive chronic anxiety and worry about events and activities, such as their health, family, work, and finances. The anxiety and worry are difficult to control and often lead to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p785.html

Medical Therapy for Asthma: Updates from the NAEPP Guidelines - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Proper care of patients with asthma involves the triad of systematic chronic care plans, self-management support, and appropriate medical therapy. Controller medications (inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta2 agonists, and leukot- riene receptor antagonists) are the foundation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1242.html

Preventing Postpartum Hemorrhage: Managing the Third Stage of Labor - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Postpartum hemorrhage is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Most postpartum hemorrhages are caused by uterine atony and occur in the immediate postpartum period. Expectant or physiologic management of the third stage of labor has been compared with active ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1025.html

Common Questions About Vasectomy - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2013 - Vasectomy offers a safe, effective, and permanent method of male contraception, with an overall failure rate of less than 1% in pooled studies. Men older than 30 years in a stable, committed relationship appear to be the best candidates for vasectomy. The no-scalpel technique reduces ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p757.html

Clinical Vignettes in Geriatric Depression - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - The diagnosis of depression in older patients is often complicated by comorbid conditions, such as cerebrovascular disease or dementia. Tools specific for this age group, such as the Geriatric Depression Scale or the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, may assist in making the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1149.html

Flash Continuous Glucose Monitoring (FreeStyle Libre 14-Day System) for Self-Management... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - The use of FreeStyle Libre increases time in euglycemic range and decreases hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic time and events in adults with type 1 diabetes.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p688.html

Treatment of the Common Cold - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p515.html

Diagnosis and Initial Management of Acute HIV Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - Recognition and diagnosis of acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the primary care setting presents an opportunity for patient education and health promotion. Symptoms of acute HIV infection are nonspecific (e.g., fever, malaise, myalgias, rash), making misdiagnosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1239.html

Lead Poisoning in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2010 - The prevalence and severity of childhood lead poisoning have been greatly reduced since the removal of lead from paint and gasoline in the 1970s. Despite these efforts, approximately 310,000 U.S. children younger than five years have elevated blood lead levels. Health care professionals...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p751.html

Bedbug Infestation - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - The significant resurgence of bedbugs in the past decade has been attributed to pesticide resistance, more frequent travel, lack of public awareness, and inadequate pest control programs. Bedbugs are obligate blood parasites (insect family Cimicidae). They can withstand a large range of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p653.html

Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2006 - Preterm premature rupture of membranes is the rupture of membranes during pregnancy before 37 weeks' gestation. It occurs in 3 percent of pregnancies and is the cause of approximately one third of preterm deliveries. It can lead to significant perinatal morbidity, including respiratory ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p659.html

Geriatric Failure to Thrive - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - In elderly patients, failure to thrive describes a state of decline that is multifactorial and may be caused by chronic concurrent diseases and functional impairments. Manifestations of this condition include weight loss, decreased appetite, poor nutrition, and inactivity. Four ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p343.html

The Abdominal Wall: An Overlooked Source of Pain - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2001 - When abdominal pain is chronic and unremitting, with minimal or no relationship to eating or bowel function but often a relationship to posture (i.e., lying, sitting, standing), the abdominal wall should be suspected as the source of pain. Frequently, a localized, tender trigger point ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p431.html

Evaluating Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Nov 1, 2008 - Obesity continues to be a growing public health problem. According to the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 17 percent of persons two to 19 years of age are overweight. The number of obese children and adolescents has tripled in the past 20 years. Obesity in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1052.html

Oppositional Defiant Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2008 - Oppositional defiant disorder is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., as a recurrent pattern of developmentally inappropriate, negativistic, defiant, and disobedient behavior toward authority figures. This behavior often appears in the preschool...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1001/p861.html

The Effectiveness of Outpatient Telehealth Consultations - Implementing AHRQ Effective ...

Nov 1, 2019 - Telehealth consultations improve clinical outcomes in the areas of wound care, psychiatry, and certain chronic conditions.

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p575.html

Neonatal Resuscitation: An Update - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2011 - Appropriate resuscitation must be available for each of the more than 4 million infants born annually in the United States. Ninety percent of infants transition safely, and it is up to the physician to assess risk factors, identify the nearly 10 percent of infants who need ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p911.html

Evening Primrose Oil - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - Evening primrose oil (Oenothera biennis) is a commonly used alternative therapy and a rich source of omega-6 essential fatty acids. It is best known for its use in the treatment of systemic diseases marked by chronic inflammation, such as atopic dermatitis and rheumatoid arthritis. It ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1405.html

Placental Alpha Macroglobulin-1 (PartoSure) Immunoassay to Assess the Risk of ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - Placental alpha macroglobulin-1 (PartoSure) is an immunoassay that measures the presence of placental alpha macroglobulin-1 (PAMG-1). PartoSure is used to assess the risk of spontaneous preterm birth and may be a useful adjunct to determine which patients with threatened preterm labor ...

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p269.html

Outpatient Care of the Premature Infant - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - An increasing number of infants in the United States are born prematurely, with current statistics estimating about 13 percent of all births. Although survival rates and outcomes for premature infants have dramatically improved in recent decades, morbidity and mortality are still ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1159.html

Applying a Clinical Decision Rule for CAD in Primary Care to Select a Diagnostic Test ...

May 1, 2019 - Using the INTERCHEST chest pain decision rule to decide next steps when a patient presents to a primary care physician with chest pain.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p584.html

Common Breast Problems - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2012 - A palpable mass, mastalgia, and nipple discharge are common breast symptoms for which patients seek medical attention. Patients should be evaluated initially with a detailed clinical history and physical examination. Most women presenting with a breast mass will require imaging and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p343.html

Treatment Options for Localized Prostate Cancer - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - In the United States, more than 90 percent of prostate cancers are detected by serum prostate-specific antigen testing. Most patients are found to have localized prostate cancer, and most of these patients undergo surgery or radiotherapy. However, many patients have low-risk cancer and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p413.html

Caregiver Care - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2011 - In 2009, nearly 66 million Americans (three in 10 U.S. households) reported at least one person providing unpaid care as a family caregiver. More adults with chronic conditions and disabilities are living at home than ever before, and family caregivers have an even higher level of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1309.html

Acupuncture Not Supported By Strong Scientific Evidence - Letters to the Editor - ...

Mar 15, 2020 - ...Original Article: Acupuncture for Pain; and Integrating Medical Acupuncture into Family Medicine Practice [Editorial] Issue Date: July 15, 2019 See additional reader comments at: https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p89.html; and https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p76.html To the...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p326.html

Culture-Specific Asthma Education Programs for Minority Groups - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2018 - In children from minority groups, culture-specific asthma education programs (CAEPs) reduce the number of severe asthma exacerbations requiring hospitalization and improve asthma control as measured by the Childhood Asthma Control Test but not the Asthma Control Questionnaire. CAEPs ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p572.html

Race-Based Treatment Decisions Perpetuate Structural Racism - Letters to the Editor - ...

Aug 1, 2020 - Letters to the Editor from AFP readers regarding previously published articles.

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p136.html

Umbilical Cord Blood: A Guide for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2011 - Umbilical cord blood stem cell transplants are used to treat a variety of oncologic, genetic, hematologic, and immunodeficiency disorders. Physicians have an important role in educating, counseling, and offering umbilical cord blood donation and storage options to patients. Parents may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p661.html

N-Acetylcysteine: Multiple Clinical Applications - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2009 - N-acetylcysteine is the acetylated variant of the amino acid L-cysteine and is widely used as the specific antidote for acetaminophen overdose. Other applications for N-acetylcysteine supplementation supported by scientific evidence include prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p265.html

Performance-Enhancing Drug Use in Recreational Athletes - Editorials - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2021 - Family physicians may be surprised to learn the number of their patients who use performance-enhancing drugs, either deliberately to improve athletic performance or unknowingly through contaminated dietary supplements.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p203.html

Common Questions About Bell Palsy - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Bell palsy is an acute affliction of the facial nerve, resulting in sudden paralysis or weakness of the muscles on one side of the face. Testing patients with unilateral facial paralysis for diabetes mellitus or Lyme disease is not routinely recommended. Patients with Lyme disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p209.html

Hepatitis C: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2010 - Hepatitis C, a common chronic bloodborne infection, is found in approximately 2 percent of adults in the United States. Chronic infection is associated with serious morbidity and mortality (e.g., cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma). Testing for hepatitis C is recommended for at-risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1351.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2012 - Febrile seizures are common in the first five years of life, and many factors that increase seizure risk have been identified. Initial evaluation should determine whether features of a complex seizure are present and identify the source of fever. Routine blood tests, neuroimaging, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0115/p149.html

Exercise, Yoga, and Meditation for Depressive and Anxiety Disorders - American Family ...

Apr 15, 2010 - Anxiety and depression are among the most common conditions cited by those seeking treatment with complementary and alternative therapies, such as exercise, meditation, tai chi, qigong, and yoga. The use of these therapies is increasing. Several studies of exercise and yoga have ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p981.html

Identification and Evaluation of Mental Retardation - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - Mental retardation in young children is often missed by clinicians. The condition is present in 2 to 3 percent of the population, either as an isolated finding or as part of a syndrome or broader disorder. Causes of mental retardation are numerous and include genetic and environmental ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1059.html

Treatment of Constipation in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Constipation is a common complaint in older adults. Although constipation is not a physiologic consequence of normal aging, decreased mobility and other comorbid medical conditions may contribute to its increased prevalence in older adults. Functional constipation is diagnosed when no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2277.html

Schizophrenia: A Review - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental illness that affects 1 percent of the population in all cultures. It affects equal numbers of men and women, but the onset is often later in women than in men. Schizophrenia is characterized by positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1821.html

Breast Cancer Screening Update - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2013 - Breast cancer is the most common non–skin cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in North American women. Mammography is the only screening test shown to reduce breast cancer–related mortality. There is general agreement that screening should be offered at least biennially ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p274.html

The Athlete Preparticipation Evaluation: Cardiovascular Assessment - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2007 - Thousands of young athletes receive preparticipation evaluations each year in the United States. One objective of these evaluations is to detect underlying cardiovascular abnormalities that may predispose an athlete to sudden death. The leading cardiovascular causes of sudden death in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1008.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Shoulder Region - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2003 - The shoulder is the site of multiple injuries and inflammatory conditions that lend themselves to diagnostic and therapeutic injection. Joint injection should be considered after other therapeutic interventions such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1271.html

Widening Disease Definitions: What Can Physicians Do? - Editorials - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2021 - Disease definitions are often broadened over time to include milder and earlier cases. A strong driver for such definitional changes is the belief that they will benefit patients by preventing more severe disease or future complications.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/p138.html

Probiotics - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2008 - Probiotics are microorganisms with potential health benefits. They may be used to prevent and treat antibiotic-associated diarrhea and acute infectious diarrhea. They may also be effective in relieving symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, and in treating atopic dermatitis in children. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1073.html

Gadolinium-Associated Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2009 - Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a progressive, potentially fatal multiorgan system fibrosing disease related to exposure of patients with renal failure to the gadolinium-based contrast agents used in magnetic resonance imaging. Because of this relationship between nephrogenic systemic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1001/p711.html

Trigeminal Neuralgia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Trigeminal neuralgia is an uncommon disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of lancinating pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution. Typically, brief attacks are triggered by talking, chewing, teeth brushing, shaving, a light touch, or even a cool breeze. The pain is nearly always ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1291.html

Small Reduction in Cardiovascular Outcome After Ischemic Stroke with Lower LDL Target, ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 15, 2020 - A lower LDL target slightly reduced the likelihood of a broad composite outcome (number needed to treat [NNT] = 43 over 3.5 years), largely by reducing nonfatal strokes (NNT = 77; statistical significance not reported).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p247.html

Gabapentinoids for Pain: Potential Unintended Consequences - Editorials - American ...

Dec 1, 2019 - The widespread and often indiscriminate prescribing of gabapentinoids is not supported by robust evidence, and it carries known and unknown risks.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p672.html

Laxatives for the Management of Childhood Constipation - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2017 - Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is superior to placebo (mean difference [MD] = 2.61 more stools per week; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15 to 4.08), lactulose (MD = 0.70; 95% CI, 0.10 to 1.31), and milk of magnesia (MD = 0.69; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.89) at increasing the number of bowel ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p433.html

The Female Athlete Triad - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized. The consequences of lost bone mineral density can be devastating for the female athlete. Premature osteoporotic fractures can occur, and lost ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3357.html

Pharmacologic Management of Adult Depression - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2008 - Major depression is a common and treatable disease. Many patients benefit from pharmacologic treatment and, because there is little variation in antidepressant effectiveness, medication choices should be made based on patient characteristics, safety, and anticipated side effects. Most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p785.html

Bipolar Disorders: A Review - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2012 - Bipolar disorders are common, disabling, recurrent mental health conditions of variable severity. Onset is often in late childhood or early adolescence. Patients with bipolar disorders have higher rates of other mental health disorders and general medical conditions. Early recognition ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p483.html

Treating Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain affects the functionality, mood, and sleep patterns of approximately 10 to 20 percent of patients with diabetes mellitus. Treatment goals include restoring function and improving pain control. Patients can realistically expect a 30 to 50 percent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p151.html

Bleeding and Bruising: A Diagnostic Work-up - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2008 - Primary care physicians are often asked about easy bruising, excessive bleeding, or risk of bleeding before surgery. A thorough history, including a family history, will guide the appropriate work-up, and a physical examination may provide clues to diagnosis. A standardized bleeding ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1117.html

Evaluating the Febrile Patient with a Rash - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2000 - The differential diagnosis for febrile patients with a rash is extensive. Diseases that present with fever and rash are usually classified according to the morphology of the primary lesion. Rashes can be categorized as maculopapular (centrally and peripherally distributed), petechial, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p804.html

Peripheral Vascular Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Peripheral vascular disease is a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis that leads to significant narrowing of arteries distal to the arch of the aorta. The most common symptom of peripheral vascular disease is intermittent claudication. At other times, peripheral vascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1971.html

Nursing Home Care: Part I. Principles and Pitfalls of Practice - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - Approximately 1.5 million Americans reside in nursing homes. A family physician often leads the interdisciplinary team that provides for the medical, functional, emotional, nutritional, social, and environmental needs of these patients. The treatment of nursing home residents is a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1219.html

Gastroenteritis in Children: Part II. Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2012 - The treatment of gastroenteritis in children focuses on preventing dehydration. A child with minimal or no dehydration should be encouraged to continue his or her usual diet plus drink adequate fluids. Many studies have shown that a child’s regular diet reduces the duration of diarrhea....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0601/p1066.html

Ovarian Cancer: An Overview - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2009 - Although ovarian cancer may occur at any age, it is more common in patients older than 50 years. Patients often present with nonspecific pelvic or abdominal symptoms. Initial diagnostic tests include transvaginal ultrasonography and serum cancer antigen 125 measurement; however, these ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p609.html

Metformin to Prevent Diabetes in Patients at Increased Risk - Cochrane for Clinicians -... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - In patients at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, metformin reduces the risk (number needed to treat [NNT] = 7; 95% CI, 6 to 10) compared with counseling on standard diet and exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p531.html

Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2011 - Knee osteoarthritis is a common disabling condition that affects more than one-third of persons older than 65 years. Exercise, weight loss, physical therapy, intra-articular corticosteroid injections, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and braces or heel wedges decrease...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1287.html

Common Tinea Infections in Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2008 - The common dermatophyte genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton are major causes of superficial fungal infections in children. These infections (e.g., tinea corporis, pedis, cruris, and unguium) are typically acquired directly from contact with infected humans or animals or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1415.html

An Approach to Interpreting Spirometry - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Spirometry is a powerful tool that can be used to detect, follow, and manage patients with lung disorders. Technology advancements have made spirometry much more reliable and relatively simple to incorporate into a routine office visit. However, interpreting spirometry results can be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1107.html

Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness...

Apr 15, 2020 - Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. The Wilderness Medical Society has updated prevention and treatment guidelines on acute altitude illness.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p505.html

FDA Boxed Warnings: How to Prescribe Drugs Safely - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - Boxed warnings, commonly referred to as 'black box' warnings, are issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and featured in the labeling of drugs associated with serious adverse reactions. These safety concerns are typically identified through the Adverse Event Reporting System ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p298.html

Should Family Physicians Routinely Screen for Lung Cancer in High-Risk Populations? ...

Jul 15, 2014 - When offered to the appropriate population in the appropriate context, CT-based lung cancer screening will reduce the number of deaths caused by this difficult disease.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/od2.html

Labor Analgesia - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2012 - Regional analgesia has become the most common method of pain relief used during labor in the United States. Epidural and spinal analgesia are two types of regional analgesia. With epidural analgesia, an indwelling catheter is directed into the epidural space, and the patient receives a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p447.html

Radiologic Evaluation of Suspected Renovascular Hypertension - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2009 - More than 72 million Americans have hypertension, and the majority of these persons have essential hypertension. However, a significant subset has a secondary cause. The most common cause of secondary hypertension is renal vascular hypertension, of which renal artery stenosis is the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p273.html

25 50 100 results per page