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Management of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus focus on three areas: intensive lifestyle intervention that includes at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, weight loss with an initial goal of 7 percent of baseline weight, and a low-fat, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p29.html

New Classification and Update on the Quinolone Antibiotics - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - The newer fluoroquinolones have broad-spectrum bactericidal activity, excellent oral bioavailability, good tissue penetration and favorable safety and tolerability profiles. A new four-generation classification of the quinolone drugs takes into account the expanded antimicrobial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2741.html

Preventing or Delaying Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Diet and Exercise - Cochrane for ...

Dec 1, 2018 - There is moderate-quality evidence that in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) defined by an abnormal 75-g two-hour glucose tolerance test, implementing changes in diet and adding physical activity together can prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p643.html

Diverticular Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Diverticular disease refers to symptomatic and asymptomatic disease with an underlying pathology of colonic diverticula. Predisposing factors for the formation of diverticula include a low-fiber diet and physical inactivity. Approximately 85 percent of patients with diverticula are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1229.html

A Pedunculated Mass on the Thigh - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - A woman presented with a lesion on her thigh that had gradually increased in size over the previous five years.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p1003.html

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are common, closely related vasculitic conditions that almost exclusively occur in patients older than 50 years. They may be manifestations of the same underlying disease and often coexist. Patients with polymyalgia rheumatica usually ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1547.html

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2010 - Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an uncommon autosomal dominant disease that occurs in approximately one in 5,000 to 8,000 persons. This multisystem disorder can affect the nose, skin, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, and brain. Epistaxis is the most common presenting ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p785.html

Effectiveness and Safety of Celecoxib for the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis - ...

May 1, 2018 - Compared with placebo, celecoxib improves pain (number needed to treat [NNT] = 4) and clinical symptoms (NNT = 7), but it has no effect on physical function in patients with RA.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p573.html

Outpatient Detoxification of the Addicted or Alcoholic Patient - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1999 - Outpatient detoxification of patients with alcohol or other drug addiction is being increasingly undertaken. This type of management is appropriate for patients in stage I or stage II of withdrawal who have no significant comorbid conditions and have a support person willing to monitor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1175.html

The Challenge of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2006 - Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the upper genital tract in women that can include endometritis, parametritis, salpingitis, oophoritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, and peritonitis. The spectrum of disease ranges from subclinical, asymptomatic infection to severe, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p859.html

Sudden Cardiac Death and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2010 - Sudden cardiac death is a major public health problem, affecting 500,000 patients in the United States annually. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) can terminate malignant ventricular arrhythmias and has been shown to improve survival in high-risk populations. Although ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1357.html

Childhood Obesity: Highlights of AMA Expert Committee Recommendations - American Family...

Jul 1, 2008 - Childhood obesity is an increasingly serious problem; 13.9 percent of children two to five years of age, 18.8 percent of children six to 11 years of age, and 17.4 percent of adolescents 12 to 19 years of age in America are obese. Practical strategies that primary care physicians can use...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p56.html

Mini-Mental State Examination for the Detection of Dementia in Older Patients - ...

Dec 1, 2016 - When scores are adjusted based on a patient's education level, the MMSE may be useful to rule out a diagnosis of dementia in clinically unevaluated patients 65 years and older (sensitivity = 97%; specificity = 70%). Scores of less than 24 may also be useful to rule in dementia in ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p880.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

Health Equity in Preventive Services: The Role of Primary Care - Editorials - American ...

Sep 1, 2020 - Groups that are least likely to receive preventive screening or to have timely, high-quality follow-up include those with limited or no health insurance, limited education and literacy, and no regular source of care, as well as those who are subject to discrimination based on racial, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p264.html

Management of Status Epilepticus - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - Status epilepticus is an increasingly recognized public health problem in the United States. Status epilepticus is associated with a high mortality rate that is largely contingent on the duration of the condition before initial treatment, the etiology of the condition, and the age of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p469.html

Diagnosing Rhinitis: Allergic vs. Nonallergic - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - Allergic rhinitis, the most common type of rhinitis, generally can be differentiated from the numerous types of nonallergic rhinitis through a thorough history and physical examination. Allergic rhinitis may be seasonal, perennial, or occupational. The most common cause of nonallergic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1583.html

Management of Hip Fracture: The Family Physician's Role - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2006 - The incidence of hip fracture is expected to increase as the population ages. One in five persons dies in the first year after sustaining a hip fracture, and those who survive past one year may have significant functional limitation. Although surgery is the main treatment for hip ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2195.html

Herbal and Dietary Supplements for Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2007 - Use of complementary and alternative medicine has increased over the past decade. A variety of studies have suggested that this use is greater in persons with symptoms or diagnoses of anxiety and depression. Data support the effectiveness of some popular herbal remedies and dietary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p549.html

Medical Emergency Preparedness in Office Practice - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - Most primary care physicians report at least one emergency presenting to their office per year. Asthma, anaphylaxis, shock, seizures, and cardiac arrest are among the most common adult and childhood emergencies in the office setting. Most offices are not fully prepared for these medical...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1679.html

Ocular Emergencies - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of ocular emergencies are essential in the primary care setting when the outcome may depend on timely management. All ocular emergencies, including a penetrating globe injury, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p829.html

Point-of-Care Ultrasonography: An Effective Tool When Used Appropriately - Letters to ...

Feb 1, 2019 - Letters to the Editor from AFP readers regarding previously published articles.

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p143.html

The Patient with Daily Headaches - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2004 - The term 'chronic daily headache' (CDH) describes a variety of headache types, of which chronic migraine is the most common. Daily headaches often are disabling and may be challenging to diagnose and treat. Medication overuse, or drug rebound headache, is the most treatable cause of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/p2299.html

Individual Behavioral Counseling for Smoking Cessation - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jul 1, 2018 - Individual behavioral counseling conducted by a trained therapist provides some benefit when compared with brief counseling and support; however, this benefit is less pronounced in the context of pharmacotherapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p21.html

Late Pregnancy Bleeding - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Effective management of vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy requires recognition of potentially serious conditions, including placenta previa, placental abruption, and vasa previa. Placenta previa is commonly diagnosed on routine ultrasonography before 20 weeks' gestation, but in nearly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1199.html

Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Infancy and Early Childhood: An Update - American Family...

Jun 1, 2006 - Recent innovations in medical technology have changed newborn screening programs in the United States. The widespread use of tandem mass spectrometry is helping to identify more inborn errors of metabolism. Primary care physicians often are the first to be contacted by state and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1981.html

Primary Care for Children with Autism - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2010 - The earliest sign of autism in children is the delayed attainment of social skill milestones, including joint attention, social orienting, and pretend play. Language impairment is a common, but less specific, sign of autism. Repetitive behaviors and restricted interests may not be noted...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p453.html

Interventions to Facilitate Smoking Cessation - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Tobacco use, primarily cigarette smoking, is the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States, and nearly one third of those who try a cigarette become addicted to nicotine. Family physicians, who see most of these patients in their offices every year, have ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p262.html

Cerebral Palsy: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The presentation of cerebral palsy can be global mental and physical dysfunction or isolated disturbances in gait, cognition, growth, or sensation. It is the most common childhood physical disability and affects 2 to 2.5 children per 1,000 born in the United States. The differential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p91.html

A Practical Guide to Anaphylaxis - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2003 - Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction with respiratory, cardiovascular, cutaneous, or gastrointestinal manifestations resulting from exposure to an offending agent, usually a food, insect sting, medication, or physical factor. It causes approximately 1,500 deaths in the United ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1325.html

Plantar Fasciitis and Other Causes of Heel Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1999 - The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis. It is usually caused by a biomechanical imbalance resulting in tension along the plantar fascia. The diagnosis is typically based on the history and the finding of localized tenderness. Treatment consists of medial arch support, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2200.html

Preparation of the Cardiac Patient for Noncardiac Surgery - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Approximately 20 to 40 percent of patients at high risk of cardiac-related morbidity develop myocardial ischemia perioperatively. The preferred approach to diagnostic evaluation depends on the interactions of patient-specific risk factors, surgery-specific risk factors, and exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p656.html

Diverticulitis: Predicting Which Patients with Acute Abdominal Pain Have the Disease - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - Is it possible to determine which patients with acute abdominal pain are likely to have diverticulitis and therefore do not require imaging?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p371.html

Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccines - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

May 1, 2018 - The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23; Pneumovax 23) decreases the relative risk of community-acquired pneumonia in adults by 13%. The risk is reduced by 28% in the population that includes adults older than 65 years, those with lung disease, and those living in a ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od3.html

Asbestos-Related Lung Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - The inhalation of asbestos fibers may lead to a number of respiratory diseases, including lung cancer, asbestosis, pleural plaques, benign pleural effusion, and malignant mesothelioma. Although exposure is now regulated, patients continue to present with these diseases because of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p683.html

Adverse Drug Reactions: Types and Treatment Options - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2003 - Drug hypersensitivity results from interactions between a pharmacologic agent and the human immune system. These types of reactions constitute only a small subset of all adverse drug reactions. Allergic reactions to medications represent a specific class of drug hypersensitivity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1781.html

Medications for Treating Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Medications for treating alcohol dependence primarily have been adjunctive interventions, and only three medications--disulfiram, naltrexone, and acamprosate--are approved for this indication by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Disulfiram, an aversive agent that has been used for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1775.html

Current Guidelines for Antibiotic Prophylaxis of Surgical Wounds - American Family ...

Jun 1, 1998 - Appropriately administered antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the incidence of surgical wound infection. Prophylaxis is uniformly recommended for all clean-contaminated, contaminated and dirty procedures. It is considered optional for most clean procedures, although it may be indicated for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2731.html

Bridging Warfarin Before Colonoscopy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation - FPIN's ...

Apr 15, 2019 - A limited number of trials that examined the risk of temporary interruption of anticoagulation before a variety of procedures did not find a reduction in the risk of stroke, but they did show an increased risk of bleeding events and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients who were ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p519.html

Pleurisy - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Pleuritic chest pain is a common presenting symptom and has many causes, which range from life-threatening to benign, self-limited conditions. Pulmonary embolism is the most common potentially life-threatening cause, found in 5 to 20 percent of patients who present to the emergency ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1357.html

Nonhormonal Therapies for Hot Flashes in Menopause - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2006 - Numerous reports in the medical literature and popular media have discussed the effectiveness of various nonhormonal agents in reducing menopausal hot flash symptoms. Data for these therapies are limited, and most of the studies have been conducted in women with a history of breast ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p457.html

Ginger: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is one of the more commonly used herbal supplements. Although often consumed for culinary purposes, it is taken by many patients to treat a variety of conditions. Ginger has been shown to be effective for pregnancy-induced and postoperative nausea and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1689.html

Using Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin to Treat Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C - ...

Aug 15, 2005 - Hepatitis C virus is the most common chronic blood-borne infection in the United States. The advent of new treatment regimens using pegylated interferons in combination with ribavirin has led to improved sustained viral response rates for some genotypes in large multicenter trials. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p655.html

Initiating Hormonal Contraception - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Most women can safely begin taking hormonal birth control products immediately after an office visit, at any point in the menstrual cycle. Because hormonal contraceptives do not accelerate cervical neoplasia or interfere with cervical cytology, women who have not had a recent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p105.html

Corticosteroids for Hospitalized Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Cochrane ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - For adults hospitalized with severe CAP, the use of corticosteroids may reduce the likelihood of mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p272.html

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a manifestation of acute injury to the lung, commonly resulting from sepsis, trauma, and severe pulmonary infections. Clinically, it is characterized by dyspnea, profound hypoxemia, decreased lung compliance, and diffuse bilateral infiltrates on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p315.html

Polycythemia Vera - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - Polycythemia vera is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by increased red blood cell mass. The resultant hyperviscosity of the blood predisposes such patients to thrombosis. Polycythemia vera should be suspected in patients with elevated hemoglobin or hematocrit levels, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2139.html

HPV Testing in the Evaluation of the Minimally Abnormal Papanicolaou Smear - American ...

May 15, 1999 - Minor cytologic abnormalities of the cervix, such as atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), are vastly more common than high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or invasive cancer. Current guidelines for the management of ASCUS include repeating the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0515/p2794.html

Lactose Intolerance - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Persons with lactose intolerance are unable to digest significant amounts of lactose because of a genetically inadequate amount of the enzyme lactase. Common symptoms include abdominal pain and bloating, excessive flatus, and watery stool following the ingestion of foods containing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1845.html

Linezolid: Its Role in the Treatment of Gram-Positive, Drug-Resistant Bacterial ...

Feb 15, 2002 - While the choices available for the management of gram-positive, drug-resistant bacterial infections are becoming limited, antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly problematic because of the widespread overuse of antibiotics. Linezolid is a synthetic antibiotic belonging to a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p663.html

Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four specific episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes unrelated to antibiotic therapy occur within one year. Although greater than 50 percent of women more than 25 years of age develop vulvovaginal candidiasis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3306.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - Up to 7 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys will have a symptomatic, culture-confirmed urinary tract infection by six years of age. Urinary tract infection may be suspected because of urinary symptoms in older children or because of fever, nonspecific symptoms, or failure to thrive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2483.html

Lymphadenopathy and Malignancy - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - The majority of patients presenting with peripheral lymphadenopathy have easily identifiable causes that are benign or self-limited. Among primary care patients presenting with lymphadenopathy, the prevalence of malignancy has been estimated to be as low as 1.1 percent. The critical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2103.html

OnabotulinumtoxinA Injections for Urge Incontinence - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Detrusor muscle injections of onabotulinumtoxinA can be used to decrease the number of episodes of urinary incontinence in women for whom treatment with anticholinergic agents has been ineffective.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/od3.html

Radiologic Imaging in the Management of Sinusitis - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2002 - Sinusitis is one of the most common diseases treated by primary care physicians. Uncomplicated sinusitis does not require radiologic imagery. However, when symptoms are recurrent or refractory despite adequate treatment, further diagnostic evaluations may be indicated. Plain radiography...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1115/p1882.html

Latex Allergy - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - The prevalence of latex allergy in the general population is low; however, the risk of developing latex allergy is higher in persons with increased latex exposure, such as health care workers or persons who work in the rubber industry. Children with spina bifida and others who undergo ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1413.html

Evaluating and Treating Unintentional Weight Loss in the Elderly - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2002 - Elderly patients with unintentional weight loss are at higher risk for infection, depression and death. The leading causes of involuntary weight loss are depression (especially in residents of long-term care facilities), cancer (lung and gastrointestinal malignancies), cardiac disorders...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p640.html

Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Alcohol Use in ...

Jun 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends screening for unhealthy alcohol use in primary care settings in adults 18 years or older, including pregnant women, and providing persons engaged in risky or hazardous drinking with brief behavioral counseling interventions to reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/od1.html

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Premenopausal Patients and the Role of NSAIDs - Cochrane ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - NSAIDs are effective for reducing heavy menstrual bleeding in premenopausal patients with menorrhagia when compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p147.html

Denosumab No Better than Bisphosphonates for Preventing Fracture, and the Cost Is Much ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - This meta-analysis found no evidence that the monoclonal antibody denosumab reduces the risk of fracture more than bisphosphonates.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p375a.html

Should Screening Techniques for Colorectal Cancer All Have an 'A' Recommendation? No: ...

May 15, 2017 - The AAFP will continue to evaluate different screening tests as more research becomes available, but currently can endorse only those options that have the strongest evidence that benefits exceed harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p618.html

Diagnostic Approach to Polyarticular Joint Pain - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2003 - Identifying the cause of polyarticular joint pain can be difficult because of the extensive differential diagnosis. A thorough history and a complete physical examination are essential. Six clinical factors are helpful in narrowing the possible causes: disease chronology, inflammation, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0915/p1151.html

Screening for Cancer: Evaluating the Evidence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - Many patients expect to undergo screening tests for cancer. In evaluating screening procedures, physicians must take into account the known effects of lead time, length and screening biases, all of which can result in an overestimation of the benefits of screening. The gold standard by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p513.html

Aesthetic Procedures in Office Practice - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2009 - Since the approval of botulinum toxin, dermal fillers, and lasers for cosmetic use, minimally invasive aesthetic procedures have rapidly become the treatments of choice for age-related facial changes.

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1231.html

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Oral ondansetron (Zofran) may be given to children presenting to the emergency department with vomiting and mild to moderate dehydration from acute gastroenteritis. It reduces hospital admissions and the need for intravenous hydration.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p51.html

Geriatric Screening and Preventive Care - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Preventive health care decisions and recommendations become more complex as the population ages. The leading causes of death (i.e., heart disease, malignant neoplasms, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic lower respiratory disease) among older adults mirror the actual causes of death ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p206.html

Anticoagulation for the Long-term Treatment of VTE in Patients with Cancer - Cochrane ...

Jun 1, 2019 - Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), vitamin K antagonists, and direct oral anticoagulants, when used to prevent recurrent VTE, have a similar impact on all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p676.html

The Role of Allergens in Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel guidelines for the management of asthma recommend that patients who require daily asthma medications have allergy testing for perennial indoor allergens and that, when triggers are found, exposure to allergens and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p675.html

Chronic Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - Frequently ignored by the medical community, chronic vulvovaginal symptoms are relatively common and can frustrating for patients and physicians. Establishing a proper diagnosis will lay the foundation for an effective therapeutic therapeutic plan. Fungal cultures are an important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p697.html

Emotional Support Animals: Considerations for Documentation - Curbside Consultation - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Companion animals are increasingly viewed as part of the family, and studies show many mental and physical benefits of pet ownership. Federal regulations require patients to obtain health care professional documentation for emotional support animals to allow these animals to accompany ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p302.html

The Undescended Testicle: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - Early diagnosis and management of the undescended testicle are needed to preserve fertility and improve early detection of testicular malignancy. Physical examination of the testicle can be difficult; consultation should be considered if a normal testis cannot be definitely identified. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2037.html

Stuttering: An Overview - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - Speech dysfluency (stuttering) is common in children. Although stuttering often resolves before adulthood, it can cause significant anxiety for children and their families. Stuttering speech patterns are often easily identifiable; when a child is learning to talk, repetition of sounds ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1271.html

Edoxaban (Savaysa) for the Prevention of Thromboembolic Events - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Edoxaban is an alternative to warfarin and other oral anticoagulants for the prevention of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and for the treatment of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p529.html

Management of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are part of a continuum of heat-related illness. Both are common and preventable conditions affecting diverse patients. Recent research has identified a cascade of inflammatory pathologic events that begins with mild heat exhaustion and, if uninterrupted, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2133.html

Positional Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Positional therapy for OSA reduces scores on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale compared with no treatment. Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves AHI scores more than positional therapy, patients seem to better tolerate positional therapy ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p16.html

Counseling Patients About Hormone Therapy and Alternatives for Menopausal Symptoms - ...

Oct 1, 2010 - The results of recent large clinical trials have led physicians and patients to question the safety of menopausal hormone therapy. In the past, physicians prescribed hormone therapy in an attempt to improve overall health and prevent cardiac disease. Hormone therapy appears to increase ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p801.html

Promoting and Prescribing Exercise in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Regular exercise provides a myriad of health benefits in older adults, including improvements in blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profile, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive function. Regular physical activity is also associated with decreased mortality and age-related ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p419.html

Discharge Procedures for Healthy Newborns - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2006 - Physicians should use a checklist to facilitate discussions with new parents before discharging their healthy newborn from the hospital. The checklist should include information on breastfeeding, warning signs of illness, and ways to keep the child healthy and safe. Physicians can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p849.html

Selecting Medications for the Treatment of Urinary Incontinence - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2005 - In response to the growing population of older patients with incontinence, pharmaceutical companies are developing new drugs to treat the condition. Before prescribing medications for incontinence, however, physicians should determine the nature and cause of the patient's incontinence. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p315.html

Antidepressants Plus Benzodiazepines for Adults with Major Depression - Cochrane for ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - A combination of tricyclic antidepressants and benzodiazepines is more effective for major depression in adults than tricyclic antidepressants alone in the first four weeks of treatment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p527.html

The Woman with Dysuria - American Family Physician

May 1, 1998 - Bacterial cystitis is the most common bacterial infection occurring in women. Thirty percent of women will experience at least one episode of cystitis during their lifetime. About one third of patients presenting with symptoms of cystitis have upper urinary tract infection. A careful ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2155.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Female Sexual Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2008 - Female sexual complaints are common, occurring in approximately 40 percent of women. Decreased desire is the most common complaint. Normal versus abnormal sexual functioning in women is poorly understood, although the concept of normal female sexual function continues to develop. A ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p635.html

Management of Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Acute renal failure is present in 1 to 5 percent of patients at hospital admission and affects up to 20 percent of patients in intensive care units. The condition has prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal causes, with prerenal conditions accounting for 60 to 70 percent of cases. The cause...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1739.html

Updated Guidelines from AASM for the Treatment of Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes - ...

Nov 15, 2012 - The updated guidelines on central sleep apnea from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) includes levels of recommendations (standard or option) based on the overall quality of evidence (high, moderate, low, or very low). Central sleep apnea syndromes are characterized by ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p968.html

Pet-Related Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2007 - Human contact with cats, dogs, and other pets results in several million infections each year in the United States, ranging from self-limited skin conditions to life-threatening systemic illnesses. Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common pet-related parasitic infections. Although ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1314.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Sick Sinus Syndrome - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2003 - Sick sinus syndrome comprises a variety of conditions involving sinus node dysfunction and commonly affects elderly persons. While the syndrome can have many causes, it usually is idiopathic. Patients may experience syncope, pre-syncope, palpitations, or dizziness; however, they often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1725.html

Prevention of Meningococcal Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - Invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis has an average annual incidence of one case per 100,000 in the United States. The disease can be rapidly fatal or result in severe neurologic and vascular sequelae despite antibiotic therapy. Antibiotic chemoprophylaxis with rifampin, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2049.html

Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Immunocompetent Patients - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2010 - The increasing incidence of skin and soft tissue infections requires family physicians to be familiar with the management of these conditions. Evidence of systemic infection, such as fever, tachycardia, and hypotension, is an indication for inpatient management. Urgent surgical referral...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p893.html

Acute Ankle Sprain: An Update - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2006 - Acute ankle injury, a common musculoskeletal injury, can cause ankle sprains. Some evidence suggests that previous injuries or limited joint flexibility may contribute to ankle sprains. The initial assessment of an acute ankle injury should include questions about the timing and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1714.html

Infertility - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2007 - Infertility is defined as failure to achieve pregnancy during one year of frequent, unprotected intercourse. Evaluation generally begins after 12 months, but it can be initiated earlier if infertility is suspected based on history or if the female partner is older than 35 years. Major ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p849.html

The Female Athlete Triad: Recommendations for Management - Editorials - American Family...

Apr 15, 2018 - Family physicians should be familiar with recommendations regarding the female athlete triad, because prevention and early intervention can significantly reduce morbidity from this disorder.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p499.html

Pityriasis Rosea - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2004 - Pityriasis rosea is a common, acute exanthem of uncertain etiology. Viral and bacterial causes have been sought, but convincing answers have not yet been found. Pityriasis rosea typically affects children and young adults. It is characterized by an initial herald patch, followed by the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p87.html

Vacuum-Assisted Vaginal Delivery - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - The second stage of labor is a dynamic event that may require assistance when maternal efforts fail to effect delivery or when there are nonreassuring fetal heart tones. Therefore, knowing how to perform an operative vaginal delivery with forceps or vacuum is vital for family physicians...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p953.html

Dietary Supplements for Osteoarthritis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2008 - A large number of dietary supplements are promoted to patients with osteoarthritis and as many as one third of those patients have used a supplement to treat their condition. Glucosamine-containing supplements are among the most commonly used products for osteoarthritis. Although the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p177.html

Common Causes of Vision Loss in Elderly Patients - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Vision loss among the elderly is a major health care problem. Approximately one person in three has some form of vision-reducing eye disease by the age of 65. The most common causes of vision loss among the elderly are age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataract and diabetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p99.html

Alcohol Use Disorder: Pharmacologic Treatment Options - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Acamprosate and naltrexone should be used as first-line agents for treatment of alcohol use disorder and are effective for reducing relapse rates. Agent selection should be based on comorbid conditions and adherence to the dosing regimen.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/od1.html

Positive Chest Radiograph Findings Are Not Enough to Warrant Antibiotics in Patients ...

Jan 1, 2020 - ...Editor’s Note: Dr. Ebell is Deputy Editor for Evidence-Based Medicine for AFP. References 1. Ebell MH, Radke T. Antibiotic use for viral acute respiratory tract infections remains common. Am J Manag Care. 2015;21(10):e567–e575. 2. Van Vugt S, Broekhuizen BD, Lammens C, et al. Use of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p5.html

Universal Newborn Hearing Screening - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Congenital hearing loss is estimated to affect one in every 1,000 newborns. Causes of hearing loss can be conductive, sensorineural, mixed, or central. Known risk factors for congenital hearing loss include cytomegalovirus infection and premature birth necessitating a stay in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1349.html

Making Decisions with Families at the End of Life - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Because advance directives are not yet the norm, end-of-life decisions for patients without medical decision-making capacity are made regularly within discussions between the patient's physician and family. Communication and decision making in these situations require a complex ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p719.html

Clinically Significant Drug Interactions - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - A large number of drugs are introduced every year, and new interactions between medications are increasingly reported. Consequently, it is no longer practical for physicians to rely on memory alone to avoid potential drug interactions. Multiple drug regimens carry the risk of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1745.html

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