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Medicine by the numbers

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Dual Antiplatelet Therapy for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease - FPIN's Clinical ...

Oct 15, 2019 - Patients with established cardiovascular disease or risk factors (e.g., ischemic cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, high risk of atherothrombotic disease) should receive dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin plus clopidogrel, which confers additional benefit over ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p463.html

e-Cigarettes More Effective Than Nicotine Replacement for Cessation of Tobacco Use in ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Among adults who smoked a median of 15 cigarettes per day, those who were randomized to receive e-cigarettes were more likely to be abstinent at one year than those who received nicotine replacement (number needed to treat [NNT] = 12).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p442.html

Ear and Hearing Disorders - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on ear and hearing disorders and related issues, including hearing loss, otitis externa, otitis media, and tinnitus. This collection features AFP content on ear and hearing disorders and related issues, including hearing loss, otitis ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=98

Early Cardioversion No Better Than Delayed Cardioversion for Recent-Onset Symptomatic ...

Nov 15, 2019 - For patients presenting to the emergency department with recent-onset symptomatic atrial fibrillation, early cardioversion is no better than delayed cardioversion in achieving sinus rhythm within four weeks.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p648.html

Ectopic Pregnancy: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2020 - Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized ovum implants outside of the uterine cavity. In the United States, the estimated prevalence of ectopic pregnancy is 1% to 2%, and ruptured ectopic pregnancy accounts for 2.7% of pregnancy-related deaths. Risk factors include a history of pelvic...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p599.html

Effectiveness of Alarm Therapy in the Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - This review concluded that alarm therapy appears to be effective for treating nocturnal enuresis in children, but it is uncertain if it is more effective than other interventions.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/od1.html

Effectiveness of PPAR Gamma Agonists in Preventing Recurrent Stroke and Other Vascular ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - PPAR gamma agonists are probably effective in preventing recurrent stroke in people with previous stroke or TIA.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p271.html

Elagolix (Orilissa) for Endometriosis Pain - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2019 - Elagolix can decrease pain in women with endometriosis, but it is expensive and has adverse effects similar to those of other medications that decrease estrogen levels.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p502.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - e-Cigarettes with nicotine can be used to encourage smoking cessation, but continued use after cessation may be a risk factor for relapse.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p53.html

Electronic Cigarettes: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2019 - Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are popular devices designed to heat a liquid solution, often containing nicotine, that generates an inhaled aerosol, or vapor. e-Cigarettes have been marketed as healthier alternatives to traditional cigarettes. Thus, most adult users are current or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p227.html

Emotional Support Animals: Considerations for Documentation - Curbside Consultation - ...

Mar 1, 2020 - Companion animals are increasingly viewed as part of the family, and studies show many mental and physical benefits of pet ownership. Federal regulations require patients to obtain health care professional documentation for emotional support animals to allow these animals to accompany ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p302.html

Ensuring Primary Care Access in States with an Aging Family Physician Workforce - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - In many states, at least 40% of family physicians are older than 55. Therefore, policymakers should support broad training models that produce enough primary care physicians to meet state population needs.

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p743.html

Exercise to Reduce Falls in Older Adults - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2020 - Exercise programs should be recommended for community-dwelling adults 60 years and older because they lead to fewer falls.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p42.html

Exercise vs. No Exercise for the Occurrence, Severity, and Duration of Acute ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2021 - For adults, regular exercise may reduce the overall severity of acute respiratory tract infections and the number of days with symptoms, but there is no evidence that exercise reduces the overall occurrence or duration of these infections.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/p144.html

Febrile Seizures: Risks, Evaluation, and Prognosis - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2019 - A febrile seizure is a seizure occurring in a child six months to five years of age that is accompanied by a fever (100.4°F or greater) without central nervous system infection. Febrile seizures are classified as simple or complex. A complex seizure lasts 15 minutes or more, is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p445.html

Fecal Microbiota Transplant Effective for Irritable Bowel Syndrome - POEMs - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - This is the largest and best study to date of fecal microbiota transplant for irritable bowel syndrome —with impressive results.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p377.html

Fetal Fibronectin Testing in Threatened Preterm Labor - Medicine by the Numbers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Fetal fibronectin testing is a common clinical test, performed via cervicovaginal secretion swab after 22 weeks of pregnancy, and is used to identify women at increased risk for preterm delivery. Learn more about the benefits and harms of fetal fibronectin testing in threatened preterm ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p145.html

Fewer Subsequent Strokes with Ticagrelor Plus Aspirin than with Aspirin Alone - POEMs -... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - For patients with mild to moderate acute nonembolic ischemic stroke, treatment with ticagrelor plus aspirin for 30 days resulted in fewer subsequent strokes but similar overall disability and an increase in severe bleeding compared with aspirin alone.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p249.html

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy or Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Screening in...

Aug 1, 2019 - This meta-analysis provides high-quality evidence that flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood testing both reduce the risk of death from colorectal cancer. The study did not provide a clear answer regarding a superior screening modality, so the decision to choose one test over ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/od1.html

For Three-Vessel Disease, but Not Left Main Disease, CABG Is Preferred Over PCI - POEMs... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - For patients with left main disease, PCI with a drug-eluting stent and CABG had similar all-cause mortality rates at 10 years. For those with three-vessel disease, CABG is associated with lower 10-year mortality.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p698.html

Foreign Bodies in the Skin: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - Foreign bodies may be introduced into the skin through lacerations and soft tissue wounds. Long-term complications of retained foreign bodies include chronic pain and neurovascular impairment. Wound exploration and initial imaging with radiography or ultrasonography should be considered...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p740.html

Formal Training in POCUS Can Positively Impact Family Medicine Practices - Letters to ...

Oct 15, 2020 - Letters to the Editor from AFP readers regarding previously published articles.

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p454.html

Frailty: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Frailty, which is a geriatric syndrome that affects 5% to 17% of older adults, is a state of increased vulnerability across multiple health domains that leads to adverse health outcomes. Frail older adults are at increased risk of falls, disability, hospitalizations, and death. Frailty ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p219.html

Frequent Headaches: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Most frequent headaches are typically migraine or tension-type headaches and are often exacerbated by medication overuse. Repeated headaches can induce central sensitization and transformation to chronic headaches that are intractable, are difficult to treat, and cause significant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p419.html

Functional Dyspepsia: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2020 - Functional dyspepsia is defined as at least one month of epigastric discomfort without evidence of organic disease found during an upper endoscopy, and it accounts for 70% of dyspepsia. Symptoms of functional dyspepsia include postprandial fullness, early satiety, and epigastric pain or...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p84.html

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