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Medicine by the numbers

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Aseptic and Bacterial Meningitis: Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention - American ...

Sep 1, 2017 - The etiologies of meningitis range in severity from benign and self-limited to life-threatening with potentially severe morbidity. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt recognition and treatment. Mortality remains high despite the introduction of vaccinations ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p314.html

Varenicline for Smoking Cessation - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2017 - Do the benefits outweigh the harms of using varenicline (Chantix) for smoking cessation? Read more to find out.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/od1.html

Preventing Falls in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2017 - The American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society recommend that all adults older than 65 years be screened annually for a history of falls or balance impairment. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Academy of Family Physicians recommend exercise or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p240.html

The CDC’s STEADI Initiative: Promoting Older Adult Health and Independence Through Fall...

Aug 15, 2017 - ...influenza season, there were an estimated 8.3 million cases of influenza among persons 65 years and older,2 which is about one-fourth of the number of falls that occurred in the older population in 2014. When not fatal, falls often result in brain injury, hip fracture, and loss of...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p220.html

Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Jul 15, 2017 - R.K. is a 52-year-old white man who presents to your office for a preventive health visit. He is overweight and has a history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, which are stable and well controlled with medication. One of his coworkers was recently diagnosed with obstructive sleep ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p123.html

Developmental Delay: When and How to Screen - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2017 - An estimated 15% of children in the United States have at least one developmental delay, yet less than one-fifth of those children receive early intervention services before three years of age. Many barriers exist to implementing initial screening and referral, but screening tools can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/p36.html

Tenofovir for Prevention of HIV Infection - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2017 - The benefits are greater than the harm in using tenofovir for HIV prevention, but cost-effectiveness and personal preferences are critical.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0701/od1.html

Vaccine Adverse Events: Separating Myth from Reality - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2017 - Vaccines are one of the most successful medical advances in modern times. Most vaccine-preventable illnesses are unfamiliar to modern parents. Because of this, parents are increasingly questioning the necessity of immunizing their children, especially because no vaccine is completely ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p786.html

Expanded Newborn Screening: Information and Resources for the Family Physician - ...

Jun 1, 2017 - Each year, 4 to 5 million newborns receive state-mandated screening. Although the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children has identified 34 core conditions that should be incorporated into screening programs, each state manages, funds, and maintains its own ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p703.html

Should Screening Techniques for Colorectal Cancer All Have an 'A' Recommendation? No: ...

May 15, 2017 - The AAFP will continue to evaluate different screening tests as more research becomes available, but currently can endorse only those options that have the strongest evidence that benefits exceed harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p618.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Estimating Cardiovascular Risk - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) depends on accurate estimation of cardiovascular risk. However, a recent systematic review identified 363 prediction models.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p580.html

Pharmacologic Treatment of Hypertension in Adults Aged 60 Years or Older: A Guideline ...

May 1, 2017 - A high standard must be met when guidelines recommend lifelong preventive medications, knowing that at best, a small minority of patients will benefit and that all are risking harm.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p547.html

Management of Chronic Pain and Opioid Misuse: A Position Paper from the AAFP - Practice...

Apr 1, 2017 - Overprescribing, misuse, diversion, and dependence on opioids have occurred as a result of external pressures, physician behavior, inadequate evidence, and pharmacologic development. Family physicians could play an important role in alleviating these problems; therefore, the American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p458.html

Preventive Health Care for Women Who Have Sex with Women - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p314.html

Interventions for Preventing Falls Among Older Adults Living in the Community - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Structured exercise programs and home safety interventions reduce both the rate and the risk of falling among community-dwelling adults 65 years and older, whereas multifactorial assessment and intervention programs reduce the rate of falls but not the risk of falling. Vitamin D ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p152.html

Hyperlipidemia: Drugs for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Adults - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the U.K. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) indicate that lipid-lowering drugs have benefit for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p78.html

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: ...

Jan 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that adults without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (i.e., symptomatic coronary artery disease or ischemic stroke) use a low- to moderate-dose statin for the prevention of CVD events and mortality when all of the following criteria are met: (1) they are ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/od1.html

How to Counsel Men About PSA Screening - Editorials - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - For family physicians to put PSA screening guidance into practice, they must elicit patients' preferences and provide accurate, understandable information about the benefits and harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p782.html

The Pretravel Consultation - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - Key components of the pretravel consultation include intake questions regarding the traveler’s anticipated itinerary and medical history; immunizations; malaria prophylaxis; and personal protection measures against arthropod bites, traveler’s diarrhea, and injury. Most vaccinations that...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p620.html

ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Prevent CKD in Patients with Microalbuminuria - FPIN's ...

Oct 15, 2016 - ACE inhibitors reduce the risk of progression to macroalbuminuria in normotensive patients with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p652.html

Third-Generation Oral Contraceptives Associated with Greater Risk of PE, Stroke, and MI...

Oct 15, 2016 - Although there is risk with any current oral contraceptive combination, those that contain lower doses of estrogen, and levonorgestrel instead of desogestrel or gestodene, are associated with the least risk of ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or pulmonary embolism (PE). ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p663.html

Increased Alignment in Preventive Services Recommendations for Children - Editorials - ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Increased alignment between preventive services recommendations from the two major physician specialty groups who care for children.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p272.html

Liraglutide (Saxenda) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Liraglutide, combined with lifestyle counseling, produces a clinically significant and sustained weight loss that continues as long as it is used. Nausea and vomiting, however, are common adverse effects, and about one in 10 patients will discontinue treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p161.html

Caring for Patients with Job Insecurity Who Are Experiencing Chronic Work-Related Pain ...

Jul 15, 2016 - In addition to providing direct medical care, the physician can help this patient by obtaining an occupational history, formulating hypotheses about the cause of the pain and potential interventions, and establishing a therapeutic relationship.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p145.html

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