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Medicine by the numbers

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Hepatitis (and Other Liver Diseases) - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other liver disease, including cirrhosis, chronic liver failure, hemochromatosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=38

Top 20 Research Studies of 2014 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - A team of primary care clinicians with expertise in evidence-based medicine performed monthly surveillance of more than 110 English-language clinical research journals during 2014, and identified 255 studies that had the potential to change how family physicians practice. Each study was...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p377.html

Exercise vs. No Exercise for the Occurrence, Severity, and Duration of Acute ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2021 - For adults, regular exercise may reduce the overall severity of acute respiratory tract infections and the number of days with symptoms, but there is no evidence that exercise reduces the overall occurrence or duration of these infections.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/p144.html

Nutrition Myths and Healthy Dietary Advice in Clinical Practice - American Family ...

May 1, 2015 - Healthy dietary intake is important for the maintenance of general health and wellness, the prevention of chronic illness, the optimization of life expectancy, and the clinical management of virtually all disease states. Dietary myths (i.e., concepts about nutrition that are poorly ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p634.html

Health Maintenance in Women - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2013 - The health maintenance examination is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention and health promotion. The patient history should include screening for tobacco use, alcohol misuse, intimate partner violence, and depression. Premenopausal women should receive preconception counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p30.html

Prevention, Recognition, and Management of Serotonin Syndrome - American Family Physician

May 1, 2010 - Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by excessive serotonergic activity in the nervous system. It is characterized by mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity. Most reported cases of serotonin syndrome are in patients...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/p1139.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2017 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2018 - Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p581.html

Management of Hypertriglyceridemia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and acute pancreatitis. Along with lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and raising high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, lowering triglyceride levels in high-risk patients (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1365.html

Charcot Foot: Clinical Clues, Diagnostic Strategies, and Treatment Principles - ...

May 1, 2018 - Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is often difficult to diagnose because of limited findings in the patient history, physical examination, imaging, and laboratory studies. Delay in treatment results in the development of rigid foot and ankle deformities, increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p594.html

Somatoform Disorders - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2007 - The somatoform disorders are a group of psychiatric disorders that cause unexplained physical symptoms. They include somatization disorder (involving multisystem physical symptoms), undifferentiated somatoform disorder (fewer symptoms than somatization disorder), conversion disorder ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1333.html

Update on the Evaluation and Management of Functional Dyspepsia - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2011 - Dyspepsia affects up to 40 percent of adults each year and is often diagnosed as functional (nonulcer) dyspepsia. The defining symptoms are postprandial fullness, early satiation, or epigastric pain or burning in the absence of causative structural disease. These symptoms may coexist ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p547.html

Diagnostic Imaging of Acute Abdominal Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2015 - Acute abdominal pain is a common presentation in the outpatient setting and can represent conditions ranging from benign to life-threatening. If the patient history, physical examination, and laboratory testing do not identify an underlying cause of pain and if serious pathology remains...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p452.html

Management of Common Sleep Disorders - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Sleep disorders are common and affect sleep quality and quantity, leading to increased morbidity. Patients with sleep disorders can be categorized as those who cannot sleep, those who will not sleep, those with excessive daytime sleepiness, and those with increased movements during ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p231.html

Cancer - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including various types (breast, cervical, childhood, colorectal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, skin, testicular, and other types of cancer). This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=31

The 2021 Office Visit Coding Changes: Putting the Pieces Together -- FPM Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Simplified guidelines for coding and documenting evaluation and management office visits are coming next year. Learn how to apply the guidelines to some common visit types.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/1100/p6.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gonococcal Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2012 - Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes urogenital, anorectal, conjunctival, and pharyngeal infections. Urogenital tract infections are most common. Men with gonorrhea may present with penile discharge and dysuria, whereas women may present with mucopurulent discharge or pelvic pain; however, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p931.html

Substance Abuse - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2021 - ...03/01/2017 Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Placebo for Opioid Dependence [Medicine by the Numbers] 01/01/2017 Alpha-adrenergic Agonists for the Management of Opioid Withdrawal [Medicine by the Numbers] 10/01/2016 Rural Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Depends on Family Physicians...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=27

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and related issues, including anticoagulation, heparin therapy, and venous thromboembolism. This collection features AFP content on deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and related issues, including...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=69

The Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Medical Examination: Practical Issues - American ...

Apr 15, 2010 - The commercial motor vehicle driver medical examination aims to ensure that commercial drivers can safely perform all driving and nondriving work-related tasks. In conducting the examination and completing the related certification, the medical examiner must follow mandated medical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p975.html

Functional Decline in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2013 - Functional disability is common in older adults. It is often episodic and is associated with a high risk of subsequent health decline. The severity of disability is determined by physical impairments caused by underlying medical conditions, and by external factors such as social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p388.html

Effectiveness of Moisturizers in the Treatment of Patients with Eczema - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Moisturizers decrease the rate of eczema flare-ups by 3.7 times vs. no treatment (number needed to treat [NNT] = 4), as well as the amount of topical corticosteroids used per eczema flare-up (9.3 g less). Adverse effects are minimal.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p18.html

The Older Driver - Curbside Consultation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2020 - Advancing age on its own is not a reason to stop driving. The ability to drive may enable older adults to maintain family and social interactions and to promote independence by accessing community resources, services, and volunteer opportunities.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p625.html

Pertussis: A Reemerging Infection - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2013 - Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an acute respiratory tract infection that has increased in incidence in recent years. The initial catarrhal stage presents with nonspecific symptoms of malaise, rhinorrhea, sneezing, lacrimation, and mild cough. During the paroxysmal stage, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p507.html

Beware of False-Positive Results with SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Tests - Letters to the Editor...

Jul 1, 2020 - Letters to the Editor from regarding false-positive results with SARS-CoV-2 antibody tests.

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p5a.html

Management of Blood Glucose with Noninsulin Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Jul 1, 2015 - A comprehensive, collaborative approach is necessary for optimal treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Treatment guidelines focus on nutrition, exercise, and pharmacologic therapies to prevent and manage complications. Patients with prediabetes or new-onset diabetes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p27.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Update on Latent Tuberculosis Infection - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2014 - Latent tuberculosis infection refers to an asymptomatic, nontransmissible infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, carrying a 5% to 10% lifetime risk of progressing to active disease. One-half of this risk occurs within the first two years after infection. High-risk groups include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p889.html

Menopause - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen and progestogen therapy, hormone therapy, hot flashes, mood symptoms, sexual difficulties, and postmenopause. This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=59

Leukotriene Inhibitors in the Treatment of Allergy and Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Leukotriene inhibitors are the first new class of medications for the treatment of persistent asthma that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than two decades. They also have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Prescriptions of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p65.html

Enuresis in Children: A Case Based Approach - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2014 - Enuresis is defined as intermittent urinary incontinence during sleep in a child at least five years of age. Approximately 5% to 10% of all seven-year-olds have enuresis, and an estimated 5 to 7 million children in the United States have enuresis. The pathophysiology of primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p560.html

Diet and Exercise in the Management of Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2010 - Dietary factors that influence lipid levels include modification of nutritional components, consumption of specific foods, use of food additives and supplements, and major dietary approaches. The most beneficial changes result from reducing intake of saturated and trans fats; increasing...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/p1097.html

Bedbug Infestation - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - The significant resurgence of bedbugs in the past decade has been attributed to pesticide resistance, more frequent travel, lack of public awareness, and inadequate pest control programs. Bedbugs are obligate blood parasites (insect family Cimicidae). They can withstand a large range of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p653.html

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited cause of kidney disease. Enlarging cysts within the kidneys are the clinical hallmark of the disease. Renal manifestations include varying degrees of kidney injury, urinary tract infections, kidney stones,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p303.html

Erythema Nodosum: A Sign of Systemic Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Erythema nodosum, a painful disorder of the subcutaneous fat, is the most common type of panniculitis. Generally, it is idiopathic, although the most common identifiable cause is streptococcal pharyngitis. Erythema nodosum may be the first sign of a systemic disease such as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p695.html

Postexposure Prophylaxis for Common Infectious Diseases - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2013 - Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is effective in preventing illness after potential or documented exposure to a variety of microbial pathogens and in reducing the risk of secondary spread of infection. Guidelines have been published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p25.html

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in the Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - ...

Sep 15, 2010 - Pulmonary rehabilitation is a nonpharmacologic therapy that has emerged as a standard of care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, patient-centered intervention that includes patient assessment, exercise training, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p655.html

Esophageal Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2017 - Esophageal cancer has a poor prognosis and high mortality rate, with an estimated 16,910 new cases and 15,910 deaths projected in 2016 in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma account for more than 95% of esophageal cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma is more common...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p22.html

Common Dental Infections in the Primary Care Setting - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2008 - Family physicians commonly encounter patients with dental infections, such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Dental caries is caused by bacteria that destroy the enamel and dentin; it can be detected by an oral examination that shows stained pits or fissures on the tooth ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/p797.html

Abdominal Pain, Acute - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on acute abdominal pain and related issues, including acute pelvic pain, appendicitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and pancreatitis. This collection features AFP content on acute abdominal pain and related ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=73

Geriatric Assistive Devices - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - Disability and mobility problems increase with age. Assistive devices such as canes, crutches, and walkers can be used to increase a patient’s base of support, improve balance, and increase activity and independence, but they are not without significant musculoskeletal and metabolic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p405.html

Care of the Returning Veteran - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2010 - Of the 23.8 million military veterans living in the United States, approximately 3 million have served in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom. The injuries and illnesses that affect veterans returning from combat are predictable. Blast injuries are common and most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p43.html

An Update on Emergency Contraception - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - Emergency contraception decreases the risk of unintended pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse or after suspected failure of routine contraception (e.g., a condom breaking). Oral methods include combined contraceptive pills (i.e., Yuzpe method), single- or split-dose ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p545.html

The Right-Sized Patient Panel: A Practical Way to Make Adjustments for Acuity and ...

Dec 1, 2019 - Do you have the right number of patients on your panel? Here’s a process and a spreadsheet for calculating and adjusting your panel based on actual patient behavior.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2019/1100/p23.html

The Case Against Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring for Cardiovascular Disease Risk ...

Dec 15, 2019 - Although coronary artery calcium testing may slightly improve future risk prediction, this theoretical benefit is outweighed by its potential harms.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p734.html

Family Medicine: An Underutilized Resource in Addressing the Opioid Epidemic? - Graham ...

Sep 1, 2016 - Opioid overdose rates have tripled since 2000, and although overprescribing of opioids by physicians is widely accepted as a causal factor, the physician's role in providing medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder is less appreciated. Despite a clear willingness to ...

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p350.html

Perioperative Cardiovascular Medication Management in Noncardiac Surgery: Common ...

May 15, 2017 - Several medications have been used perioperatively in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery in an attempt to improve outcomes. Antiplatelet therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular events should generally be discontinued seven to 10 days before surgery to avoid increasing the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p645.html

Immunizations (excluding Influenza) - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on child and adult immunizations (excluding influenza) and related issues, including travel immunizations and specific immunizations (hepatitis A and B, herpes zoster, human papillomavirus, meningococcus, pertussis, pneumococcus, rotavirus, smallpox,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=63

Tobacco Abuse and Dependence - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on tobacco abuse and dependence and related issues, including addiction, behavioral and drug therapies, lifestyle counseling, and smoking cessation. This collection features AFP content on tobacco abuse and dependence and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=28

Counseling on Early Childhood Concerns: Sleep Issues, Thumb-Sucking, Picky Eating, ...

Aug 15, 2015 - Family physicians are often a source of information and advice on early childhood concerns regarding sleep, thumb-sucking/pacifier use, picky eating, school readiness, and oral health. Evidence indicates that family variables are important in the genesis of sleep difficulties, and that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p274.html

Choosing Topical Corticosteroids - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - Topical corticosteroids are one of the oldest and most useful treatments for dermatologic conditions. There are many topical steroids available, and they differ in potency and formulation. Successful treatment depends on an accurate diagnosis and consideration of the steroid's delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p135.html

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