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Practice Guidelines

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Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2014 - Thyroid disease is the second most common endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age, and when untreated during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, placental abruption, hypertensive disorders, and growth restriction. Current guidelines recommend ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p273.html

ACIP Releases 2014 Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - There are a few changes to the 2014 immunization schedule for children and adolescents, as well as the catch-up schedule, from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) that are pertinent for family physicians.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p229.html

What's New in Childhood Vaccines - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Recommending and providing childhood vaccines is a vital part of a family physician's role in delivering health care to our youth. This editorial reviews several changes in childhood vaccines in the past two years.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p153.html

AUA Releases Guideline on Early Detection of Prostate Cancer - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 15, 2014 - In April 2013, the American Urological Association (AUA) released a guideline on early detection of prostate cancer, namely to reduce prostate cancer mortality.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p137.html

ACS Releases Guideline on Screening for Lung Cancer with Low-Dose Computed Tomography -...

Jan 1, 2014 - In late 2010, results from the National Lung Screening Trial showed that lung cancer mortality was significantly reduced in high-risk adults who received annual screenings using low-dose computed tomography (CT). After these results were announced, the American Cancer Society (ACS) ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p56.html

Corticosteroids for the Treatment of Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jan 1, 2014 - In adults with suspected bacterial pharyngitis who require antibiotic therapy, adding a corticosteroid may increase the likelihood of complete pain resolution at 24 hours. Further study is needed to assess the safety of corticosteroids and whether they can be recommended for presumed ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p14.html

AHA Releases Recommendation on Ankle-Brachial Index Measurement and Interpretation - ...

Dec 15, 2013 - The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the ratio of the systolic blood pressure at the ankle to the systolic blood pressure at the brachial artery. The American Heart Association (AHA) released a scientific statement on the measurement and interpretation of ABI, including standardization of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/p866.html

ACP Publishes Recommendations on Upper Endoscopy for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - ...

Dec 15, 2013 - Data suggest that upper endoscopy in patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is useful only in certain situations. To help physicians avoid the overuse of interventions that have little effect on health outcomes, the American College of Physicians (ACP) recently...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/p865.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Cervical Cancer Screening - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 1, 2013 - The incidence of cervical cancer, as well as mortality rates from the disease, has decreased over the past 30 years because of widespread screening with cervical cytology. Screening technologies and risk-benefit considerations for different age groups continue to evolve. The American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p776.html

Impact of Industry Sponsorship on Research Outcomes - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Are research studies sponsored by industry more likely to have favorable results and conclusions than studies without industry sponsorship?

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p746.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Managing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients 10 to 18 Years ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Childhood type 2 diabetes poses a challenge to many physicians who are not used to treating this disease in such young patients. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a guideline of evidence-based recommendations for treating type 2 diabetes in patients 10 to 18 years of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p710.html

Diagnosis and Management of Physical Abuse in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2013 - Child abuse is the third leading cause of death in children between one and four years of age, and almost 20% of child homicide victims have contact with a health care professional within a month of their death. Therefore, family physicians are in an ideal position to detect and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p669.html

Management of Stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Recommendations from the ACP - Practice ...

Nov 1, 2013 - The American College of Physicians (ACP) has developed a guideline on the management of stable ischemic heart disease (IHD). This summary presents recommendations related to risk factor modification (including strategies of unproven benefit), medical therapies to prevent myocardial ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p612.html

Optimal Antibiotic Regimen for Treating Lower UTI in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Nov 1, 2013 - For the afebrile child with a UTI, a short course (three to seven days) of antibiotics is as effective at preventing the recurrence of symptomatic UTI as a long course (seven to 10 days). There is no clear evidence of superiority for any one antibiotic regimen.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p577.html

ACIP Releases Influenza Vaccination Updates for 2013-2014 - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2013 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has updated its annual guidelines for routine influenza vaccination in 2013–2014. Vaccination is recommended for all persons six months or older who do not have contraindications.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p543.html

Diagnosis of Stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Recommendations from the ACP - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2013 - The American College of Physicians (ACP), in collaboration with the American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons, has developed a guideline...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/p469.html

Should Children with Acute Otitis Media Routinely be Treated with Antibiotics? No: Most...

Oct 1, 2013 - The evidence supports the use of antibiotics only in certain clinical situations and avoidance of antibiotics in certain children with AOM.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/od2.html

ACR Publishes Guidelines for Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Gout - ...

Sep 15, 2013 - The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has developed recommendations for the management of gout. The recommendations call for a systematic nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic management approach that is intended to be applicable to all patients with gout.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p408.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2012 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2013 - This is the second annual summary of top research studies in primary care. In 2012, through regular surveillance of more than 100 English-language clinical research journals, seven clinicians identified 270 studies with the potential to change primary care practice, called POEMs, or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p380.html

IDSA Updates Guideline for Managing Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis - Practice ...

Sep 1, 2013 - The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has updated its 2002 guideline on managing group A streptococcal pharyngitis. The illness primarily occurs in children five to 15 years of age. Patients typically present with sudden onset of a sore throat, pain with swallowing, and fever.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p338.html

Pituitary Adenomas: An Overview - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Prolactinomas and nonfunctioning adenomas are the most common types of pituitary adenomas. Patients with pituitary adenomas may present initially with symptoms of endocrine dysfunction such as infertility, decreased libido, and galactorrhea, or with neurologic symptoms such as headache ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p319.html

ACOG Releases Practice Bulletin on Osteoporosis - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Aug 15, 2013 - This practice bulletin from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) reviews diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment options for women with osteoporosis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p269.html

Childhood Eye Examination - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p241.html

Management of Common Sleep Disorders - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Sleep disorders are common and affect sleep quality and quantity, leading to increased morbidity. Patients with sleep disorders can be categorized as those who cannot sleep, those who will not sleep, those with excessive daytime sleepiness, and those with increased movements during ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p231.html

AACAP Releases Practice Parameter on Sexual Orientation, Gender Nonconformity, and ...

Aug 1, 2013 - Children and adolescents who are gay, lesbian, or bisexual, and those with gender nonconformity or gender discordance may be affected by negative attitudes, putting them at risk of certain mental health conditions. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) has ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p202.html

Diabetic Foot Infections - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2013 - Diabetic foot infection, defined as soft tissue or bone infection below the malleoli, is the most common complication of diabetes mellitus leading to hospitalization and the most frequent cause of nontraumatic lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections are diagnosed clinically...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p177.html

Choosing Wisely: More Good Clinical Recommendations to Improve Health Care Quality and ...

Aug 1, 2013 - The Choosing Wisely campaign provides key clinical recommendations for physicians and patients that promote best practices and help avoid unnecessary medical interventions.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p164.html

Endocrine Society Releases Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of ...

Jul 15, 2013 - The Endocrine Society recently published evidence-based recommendations on the diagnosis and management of hypertriglyceridemia in adults. Contributing factors include overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol intake, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p142.html

CDC Issues Recommendations for Identifying HCV Infection in Persons Born in 1945 ...

Jul 1, 2013 - Identifying HCV infection through testing is important to improve health outcomes in persons born in 1945 through 1965, because of increased risk of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and extrahepatic complications. The HCV Birth Cohort Testing Work Group, including experts from...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p62.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome ...

Jun 15, 2013 - Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) commonly occurs in children, and if not treated, can cause complications. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) originally released a guideline on the diagnosis and management of OSAS in children in 2002, but because of the significant increase...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p889.html

AUA Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment of Overactive Bladder - Practice ...

Jun 1, 2013 - Overactive bladder is characterized by urinary symptoms including urgency, frequency, and nocturia, with or without urge incontinence. The American Urological Association (AUA) recently published recommendations to provide a clinical framework for the diagnosis and treatment of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p800.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

AUA Guideline Addresses Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Follow-Up of Asymptomatic ...

May 1, 2013 - The American Urological Association (AUA) has released a guideline to direct physicians and patients during the diagnosis, evaluation, and follow-up of asymptomatic microhematuria in adults. Microhematuria is defined as the presence of three or more red blood cells per high-power field ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/p649.html

AAN/AHS Update Recommendations for Migraine Prevention in Adults - Practice Guidelines ...

Apr 15, 2013 - Studies suggest that more than one-third of persons with migraine need preventive therapy; however, only 3 to 13 percent use it. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and American Headache Society (AHS) recently reviewed studies published since 2000 to determine which therapies reduce...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p584.html

Updated Guidelines on Outpatient Anticoagulation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2013 - The American College of Chest Physicians provides recommendations for the use of anticoagulant medications for several indications that are important in the primary care setting. Warfarin, a vitamin K antagonist, is recommended for the treatment of venous thromboembolism and for the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p556.html

Should Family Physicians Screen for Vitamin D Deficiency? Yes: Targeted Screening in ...

Apr 15, 2013 - Although it is not time for general population-based screening for vitamin D deficiency, we should focus on screening populations at risk of or who have osteoporosis.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/od1.html

ACR Issues Recommendations on Therapies for Osteoarthritis of the Hand, Hip, and Knee -...

Apr 1, 2013 - The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has released updated recommendations for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, and has developed new recommendations for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hand. These recommendations are categorized as strong or conditional.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p515.html

Effect of Cocoa on Blood Pressure - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2013 - Consuming 50 g of cocoa daily will lower blood pressure 2 to 3 mm Hg on average in adults with hypertension. Evidence of improved patient-oriented outcomes does not exist.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p484.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2013 - ...Corrected footnote in immunization schedules. The Practice Guidelines ACIP Releases 2013 Immunization Schedules (February 1, 2013, p. 204) contained an error in footnote 13 of the recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 0 through 18 years and the catch-up immunization...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/od2.html

IDSA Releases Guidelines for Management of Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2013 - The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has released a guideline for the management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults in the community or emergency department settings. Each recommendation includes a quality of evidence grade (i.e., strong or weak) and a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p445.html

Preoperative Testing Before Noncardiac Surgery: Guidelines and Recommendations - ...

Mar 15, 2013 - Preoperative testing (e.g., chest radiography, electrocardiography, laboratory testing, urinalysis) is often performed before surgical procedures. These investigations can be helpful to stratify risk, direct anesthetic choices, and guide postoperative management, but often are obtained ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p414.html

AAO-HNS Releases Guideline on Sudden Hearing Loss - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Mar 1, 2013 - This guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) focuses on sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), which affects 5 to 20 per 100,000 persons in the United States. Early diagnosis is essential for effective management.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p377.html

Reducing the Risk of Adverse Drug Events in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2013 - Adverse drug events occur in 15 percent or more of older patients presenting to offices, hospitals, and extended care facilities. These events are potentially preventable up to 50 percent of the time. Common serious manifestations include falls, orthostatic hypotension, heart failure, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p331.html

Physical Training for Patients with Asthma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2013 - Physical training lasting for at least 20 to 30 minutes, two to three times a week for at least six weeks, improves physical fitness in patients with asthma. Physical training is not associated with worsening of asthma symptoms, and it improves health-related quality of life.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p313.html

AASM Updates Treatment Guidelines for Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement...

Feb 15, 2013 - The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) last published recommendations on the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movement disorder in 2004. It recently updated these recommendations based on a literature review and meta-analysis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p290.html

Update on Pharmacologic Treatment for Rhinosinusitis - Letters to the Editor - American...

Feb 15, 2013 - ...1. Chow AW, et al. IDSA clinical practice guideline for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54(8):e72–e112. Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere. Choose a single article, issue, or full-access subscription. Earn up...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p238.html

ACIP Releases 2013 Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2013 - Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Releases 2013 Immunization Schedules. First, the format of the routine child and adolescent schedules has changed and the two previous age-based schedules (0 to six years and seven to 18 years of age) have been merged into one 0- to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p204.html

Hereditary Hemochromatosis - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2013 - Hereditary hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder that disrupts the body’s regulation of iron. It is the most common genetic disease in whites. Men have a 24-fold increased rate of iron-overload disease compared with women. Persons who are homozygous for the HFE gene ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p183.html

ACP Updates Guideline on Oral Pharmacologic Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - ...

Jan 15, 2013 - The American College of Physicians (ACP) has published an updated guideline on the oral pharmacologic management of type 2 diabetes. Recommendations are based on a systematic evidence review of head-to-head comparisons of oral pharmacologic treatments for type 2 diabetes, and an ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0115/p140.html

Updated Recommendations from the World Professional Association for Transgender Health ...

Jan 15, 2013 - The health care of transgender persons has begun moving out of the shadows and into the spotlight; as transgender health care moves into the mainstream, primary care physicians will be increasingly called upon to provide compassionate and individualized care to this diverse community.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0115/p89.html

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