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Medicine by the numbers

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AFP Documents with Keyword: Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

...patients with paroxysmal AF is superior to initial antiarrhythmic drug therapy. Another study in the same issue of New England Journal of Medicine compared cryoablation with medical therapy and had similar findings. Apr 1, 2021 Issue In High-Risk Older Patients with Atrial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2240

AFP Documents with Keyword: Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

...patients with paroxysmal AF is superior to initial antiarrhythmic drug therapy. Another study in the same issue of New England Journal of Medicine compared cryoablation with medical therapy and had similar findings. Apr 1, 2021 Issue In High-Risk Older Patients with Atrial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2240&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Autism - American Family Physician

...All Children Be Screened for Autism Spectrum Disorders? No: Screening Is Not Ready for Prime Time [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine] Whether or not early detection of ASDs through screening is beneficial is best answered by an unbiased, comprehensive systematic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2242

AFP Documents with Keyword: Autism - American Family Physician

...All Children Be Screened for Autism Spectrum Disorders? No: Screening Is Not Ready for Prime Time [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine] Whether or not early detection of ASDs through screening is beneficial is best answered by an unbiased, comprehensive systematic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2242&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Cancer - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2015 Issue PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show no deaths were prevented and 1 in 5 underwent a prostate biopsy for a false-positive test. Read more. Jan 15, 2015 Issue Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2255&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

...Aug 1, 2019 Issue Flexible Sigmoidoscopy or Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Screening in Asymptomatic Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis provides high-quality evidence that flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood testing both reduce the risk...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2259&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2015 Issue PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show no deaths were prevented and 1 in 5 underwent a prostate biopsy for a false-positive test. Read more. Mar 15, 2015 Issue Screening for Oral Cancer: Recommendation Statement [U.S....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2259&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Cervical Cancer - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2019 Issue HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions [Medicine by the Numbers] Data suggest the benefits of HPV vaccination for reducing precancerous lesions outweigh the potential harms. Find out more. Feb 15, 2019 Issue Screening for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2267

AFP Documents with Keyword: Cervical Cancer - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2019 Issue HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions [Medicine by the Numbers] Data suggest the benefits of HPV vaccination for reducing precancerous lesions outweigh the potential harms. Find out more. Feb 15, 2019 Issue Screening for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2267&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Chest Pain - American Family Physician

...The American College of Radiology has developed appropriateness criteria for a number of clinical conditions and procedures. Criteria are available on imaging tests used in the evaluation of acute chest pain--suspected myocardial ischemia. Imaging tests for a suspected cardiac...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2268&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family ...

...Feb 1, 2020 Issue Antibiotics for Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease [Medicine by the Numbers] Prescription of antibiotics for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial due to the variety of etiologies. This review examined...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2272&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family ...

...number of acute exacerbations in patients with chronic bronchitis or COPD (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8 over an average of nine months; 95% CI, 7 to 10). Jun 1, 2020 Issue Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation for Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2272

AFP Documents with Keyword: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family ...

...number of acute exacerbations in patients with chronic bronchitis or COPD (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8 over an average of nine months; 95% CI, 7 to 10). Jun 1, 2020 Issue Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation for Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2272&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Colorectal Cancer - American Family Physician

...Aug 1, 2019 Issue Flexible Sigmoidoscopy or Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Screening in Asymptomatic Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis provides high-quality evidence that flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood testing both reduce the risk...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2274&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Complementary and Alternative Medicine - American Family ...

...Complementary and Alternative Medicine Aug 1, 2017 Issue Probiotics for Gastrointestinal Conditions: A Summary of the Evidence [Article] Probiotics are useful for treating a variety of gastrointestinal conditions. Review the conditions with the best supporting evidence for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2229&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Complementary and Alternative Medicine - American Family ...

...Complementary and Alternative Medicine Sep 15, 2000 Issue Alternative Therapies: Part II. Congestive Heart Failure and Hypercholesterolemia [Article] Natural supplements are widely used by the American public but, while claims of their therapeutic effects abound, medical research...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2229&page=5

AFP Documents with Keyword: Coronary Artery Disease/Coronary Heart Disease - American ...

...Nov 1, 2019 Issue Ticagrelor Compared to Clopidogrel in Acute Coronary Syndrome and Stable Coronary Artery Disease [Medicine by the Numbers] The authors determined there is no benefit from the use of ticagrelor in patients with acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2279&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Coronary Artery Disease/Coronary Heart Disease - American ...

...[Medicine by the Numbers] Despite the small reductions in nonfatal heart attacks and strokes, statins were not associated with a reduction in serious illness overall. Oct 1, 2017 Issue Prolonged Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After MI Reduces Major Adverse Cardiac Events...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2279&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Coronary Artery Disease/Coronary Heart Disease - American ...

...Dec 1, 2018 Issue Early Invasive Management of Acute Coronary Syndromes [Medicine by the Numbers] Does early invasive management help patients with unstable angina or acute non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in reducing occurence of death, myocardial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2279&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Counseling - American Family Physician

...The number one cause of death for children younger than 14 years is vehicular injury. Child safety seats and automobile safety belts protect children in a crash if they are used correctly, but if a child does not fit in the restraint correctly, it can lead to injury. A child safety...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2281&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Deep Venous Thrombosis - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2021 Issue Treatment of Distal DVT [Medicine by the Numbers] A Cochrane review demonstrated that anticoagulation was effective and superior to observation for deep venous thrombosis; however, given the quality of the evidence, the benefits are unclear. Jan 1, 2021...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2282

AFP Documents with Keyword: Deep Venous Thrombosis - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2021 Issue Treatment of Distal DVT [Medicine by the Numbers] A Cochrane review demonstrated that anticoagulation was effective and superior to observation for deep venous thrombosis; however, given the quality of the evidence, the benefits are unclear. Jan 1, 2021...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2282&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diabetes - American Family Physician

...Five Years) [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that none were helped and 1 in 6 patients were harmed. See why. Feb 15, 2015 Issue Metformin Associated with Less Need for a Second Medicine [POEMs] n this retrospective analysis, which benefits from large numbers of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2288&page=7

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diabetes - American Family Physician

...Semaglutide significantly reduced the composite outcome of CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke (number needed to treat [NNT] = 43 over 2.1 years). It was generally well tolerated, and it reduced body weight by approximately 6.4 to 9.5 lb (2.9 to 4.3 kg)....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2288&page=5

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diarrhea - American Family Physician

...Mar 1, 2020 Issue Probiotics to Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] Antibiotics often disrupt the natural balance of nonpathogenic bacterial flora within the gastrointestinal tract. Learn more about the effectiveness of probiotics in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2291

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diarrhea - American Family Physician

...Mar 1, 2020 Issue Probiotics to Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] Antibiotics often disrupt the natural balance of nonpathogenic bacterial flora within the gastrointestinal tract. Learn more about the effectiveness of probiotics in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2291&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...Feb 1, 2018 Issue Beta Blockers Compared with Other Drug Options for the Treatment of Hypertension [Medicine by the Numbers] Although beta blockers seem to have a positive impact on patient-oriented evidence that matters in patients with hypertension, they appear to be inferior...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2018 Issue Hormone Therapy for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women [Medicine by the Numbers] No benefit was observed in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Find out more. Jul...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...2016 Issue Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Ablation and Cardioversion [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies showed that 433 patients needed to be treated with rivaroxaban to prevent one stroke and 629 patients needed to be...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=5

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...Nov 1, 2015 Issue Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that 1 in 4 had improved bloating and stool consistency, and less interference with daily life, while only 1 in 9 experiences medication...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=6

AFP Documents with Keyword: Dyspnea - American Family Physician

...Feb 1, 2019 Issue Dyspnea Due to Acute Heart Failure Syndrome [Medicine by the Numbers] This review concluded that the individual components of the clinical history and physical examination, electrocardiography, and chest radiography are not useful independently for confirming or...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2300

AFP Documents with Keyword: Elbow Disorders - American Family Physician

...May 15, 2018 Issue Hyperpronation Method for Reduction of Nursemaid's Elbow [Medicine by the Numbers] Although data are limited, the results have consistently shown a higher rate of success with first attempt reduction of nursemaids' elbow when the hyperpronation method was used....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2305

AFP Documents with Keyword: Emergency Medicine - American Family Physician

...Emergency Medicine Oct 01, 2021 Issue Bioterrorism [Article] Bioterrorism is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins, or fungi with the goal of causing panic, mass casualties, or severe economic disruption. From 1981 to 2018, there were 37 bioterrorist attacks...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2306

AFP Documents with Keyword: Emergency Medicine - American Family Physician

...Emergency Medicine Oct 01, 2021 Issue Bioterrorism [Article] Bioterrorism is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins, or fungi with the goal of causing panic, mass casualties, or severe economic disruption. From 1981 to 2018, there were 37 bioterrorist attacks...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2306&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Endometrial Cancer - American Family Physician

...Jul 01, 2021 Issue Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Regression of Endometrial Hyperplasia [Medicine by the Numbers] A Cochrane review compared the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system with progesterone for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia. May...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2310

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Ear - American Family Physician

...Jun 15, 2018 Issue Antibiotics for Otitis Media in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis concludes that the risk of a prolonged course of antibiotics was twice as high for children younger than two years with bilateral acute otitis media than for children two...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2312

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Ear - American Family Physician

...Jun 15, 2018 Issue Antibiotics for Otitis Media in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis concludes that the risk of a prolonged course of antibiotics was twice as high for children younger than two years with bilateral acute otitis media than for children two...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2312&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Sinus - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2019 Issue Antibiotics for Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Because of the relatively high rate of reported adverse effects and the high likelihood of resolution of symptoms with supportive care and symptomatic management, the authors recommend...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2314

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Sinus - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2019 Issue Antibiotics for Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Because of the relatively high rate of reported adverse effects and the high likelihood of resolution of symptoms with supportive care and symptomatic management, the authors recommend...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2314&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Enuresis - American Family Physician

...Jan 1, 2021 Issue Effectiveness of Alarm Therapy in the Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] This review concluded that alarm therapy appears to be effective for treating nocturnal enuresis in children, but it is uncertain if it is more effective...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2316

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Oct 1, 2016 Issue Top POEMs of 2015 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign [Article] These POEMs were rated highly according to their potential to reduce overdiagnosis and overtreatment, consistent with the focus of the Choosing...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Sep 1, 2011 Issue Compromising the Medical Literature: The Hidden Influence of Industry-Biased Articles [Editorials] Stealth marketing via journals threatens evidence-based practice, but eliminating ghostwriting does not guarantee the absence of undue bias....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Feb 1, 2004 Issue Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT): A Patient-Centered Approach to Grading Evidence in the Medical Literature [Article] A large number of taxonomies are used to rate the quality of an individual study and the strength of a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Mar 1, 2014 Issue More Ways to Improve Health and Reduce Harm: Choosing Wisely Phase 3 [Editorials] This campaign has resulted in more than 200 key clinical recommendations to help promote best practices and avoid unnecessary and potentially harmful medical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Family Medicine - American Family Physician

...Family Medicine May 15, 2020 Issue Top 20 Research Studies of 2019 for Primary Care Physicians [Article] The annual installment of this series summarizes the top studies of 2019. These studies were summarized as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) and were highly rated...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2325&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Family Medicine - American Family Physician

...Family Medicine Feb 1, 2016 Issue Responses to Medical Students' Frequently Asked Questions About Family Medicine [Article] Learn about the crucial role that family physicians have in the evolving health care environment, their scope of practice, the diverse career opportunities...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2325&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Family Medicine - American Family Physician

...Family Medicine Jun 1, 2013 Issue Health Literacy and Prescribing: It Is Time to Change Old Habits [Editorials] In the United States, 80 million adults have substantial difficulties with reading. Approximately 1.5 million adverse drug events occur each year. Clear and concise...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2325&page=5

AFP Documents with Keyword: Fever - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2021 Issue Ibuprofen vs. Acetaminophen for Fever or Pain in Children Younger Than Two Years [Medicine by the Numbers] A meta-analysis found that ibuprofen is more effective than acetaminophen in reducing fever and pain in children younger than two years, although further...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2327

AFP Documents with Keyword: Fever - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2021 Issue Ibuprofen vs. Acetaminophen for Fever or Pain in Children Younger Than Two Years [Medicine by the Numbers] A meta-analysis found that ibuprofen is more effective than acetaminophen in reducing fever and pain in children younger than two years, although further...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2327&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Fibromyalgia - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2018 Issue Pregabalin (Lyrica) for Acute Fibromyalgia Pain [Medicine by the Numbers] Pregabalin (Lyrica) provides good pain relief to some patients with acute fibromyalgia pain but does not work for most persons. Learn more. Sep 1, 2017 Issue Pregabalin for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2328

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