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First-Line Treatment for Hypertension - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2010 - In comparing the effects of thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) with placebo, thiazide diuretics lowered mortality and morbidity from stroke, heart attack, and heart failure more than beta blockers.1 ACE ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1333.html

Medications for Treating Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Medications for treating alcohol dependence primarily have been adjunctive interventions, and only three medications--disulfiram, naltrexone, and acamprosate--are approved for this indication by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Disulfiram, an aversive agent that has been used for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1775.html

Newborn Circumcision Techniques and Medical Ethics - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Jan 15, 2021 - ...are virtually always treatable and are relatively uncommon in boys regardless of circumcision status. The cited report suggests that the number of circumcisions needed to prevent one (likely treatable) UTI is approximately 100. Penile cancer is one of the rarest malignancies for...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p69.html

Edoxaban (Savaysa) for the Prevention of Thromboembolic Events - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Edoxaban is an alternative to warfarin and other oral anticoagulants for the prevention of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and for the treatment of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p529.html

Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccines - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

May 1, 2018 - The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23; Pneumovax 23) decreases the relative risk of community-acquired pneumonia in adults by 13%. The risk is reduced by 28% in the population that includes adults older than 65 years, those with lung disease, and those living in a ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od3.html

Chronic Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - Frequently ignored by the medical community, chronic vulvovaginal symptoms are relatively common and can frustrating for patients and physicians. Establishing a proper diagnosis will lay the foundation for an effective therapeutic therapeutic plan. Fungal cultures are an important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p697.html

Making Decisions with Families at the End of Life - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Because advance directives are not yet the norm, end-of-life decisions for patients without medical decision-making capacity are made regularly within discussions between the patient's physician and family. Communication and decision making in these situations require a complex ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p719.html

Evaluating Dysphagia - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - Dysphagia is a problem that commonly affects patients cared for by family physicians in the office, as hospital inpatients and as nursing home residents. Familiar medical problems, including cerebrovascular accidents, gastroesophageal reflux disease and medication-related side effects, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3639.html

Health Equity in Preventive Services: The Role of Primary Care - Editorials - American ...

Sep 1, 2020 - Groups that are least likely to receive preventive screening or to have timely, high-quality follow-up include those with limited or no health insurance, limited education and literacy, and no regular source of care, as well as those who are subject to discrimination based on racial, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p264.html

Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Impaired Fasting Glucose - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose form an intermediate stage in the natural history of diabetes mellitus. From 10 to 15 percent of adults in the United States have one of these conditions. Impaired glucose tolerance is defined as two-hour glucose levels of 140 to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1961.html

Asbestos-Related Lung Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - The inhalation of asbestos fibers may lead to a number of respiratory diseases, including lung cancer, asbestosis, pleural plaques, benign pleural effusion, and malignant mesothelioma. Although exposure is now regulated, patients continue to present with these diseases because of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p683.html

Lumbar Spine Stenosis: A Common Cause of Back and Leg Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - Lumbar spine stenosis most commonly affects the middle-aged and elderly population. Entrapment of the cauda equina roots by hypertrophy of the osseous and soft tissue structures surrounding the lumbar spinal canal is often associated with incapacitating pain in the back and lower ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1825.html

Prolotherapy: An Evidence-Based Adjunctive Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis - Letters to...

Apr 1, 2021 - Prolotherapy: An Evidence-Based Adjunctive Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p395.html

Managing Hypertension in Athletes and Physically Active Patients - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2002 - Athletes and other physically active patients should be screened for hypertension and given appropriate therapy if needed. Mild hypertension should be treated with non-pharmacologic measures for six months. If blood pressure control is adequate, lifestyle modifications are continued. If...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p445.html

Chasteberry - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - For centuries, chasteberry has been used to treat many hormone-related gynecologic conditions. The current literature supports the use of chasteberry for cyclical breast discomfort and premenstrual syndrome; data on its use for menstrual irregularities and fertility disorders are weak. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p821.html

Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four specific episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes unrelated to antibiotic therapy occur within one year. Although greater than 50 percent of women more than 25 years of age develop vulvovaginal candidiasis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3306.html

Practice Pearls - Mar-Apr 2018 -- FPM

Apr 1, 2018 - Be mindful of the joy in medicine | Rule out heart murmurs more effectively in children | Take a lesson from the hospitality industry

Family Practice Management : Practice Pearls

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2018/0300/p42.html

Screening for Depression Across the Lifespan: A Review of Measures for Use in Primary ...

Sep 15, 2002 - Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly. Primary care physicians, not mental health professionals, treat the majority of patients with symptoms of depression. Persons who are depressed have feelings of sadness, loneliness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p1001.html

Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures are episodes of movement, sensation, or behaviors that are similar to epileptic seizures but do not have a neurologic origin; rather, they are somatic manifestations of psychologic distress. Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures frequently are...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p849.html

An Osteopathic Approach to Neck Pain - Letters to the Editor - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2021 - ...of related techniques used to manage somatic dysfunction (see https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p248.html). The goals of applying manual medicine are to restore maximal, pain-free movement of the musculoskeletal system; enhance neuromuscular function; and improve biomechanical...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p262.html

The Problem With Patient Satisfaction Scores -- FPM

Feb 1, 2016 - Scoring of individual physicians is becoming more widespread. Here’s how to improve the process.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2016/0100/p23.html

Latex Allergy - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - The prevalence of latex allergy in the general population is low; however, the risk of developing latex allergy is higher in persons with increased latex exposure, such as health care workers or persons who work in the rubber industry. Children with spina bifida and others who undergo ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1413.html

Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

Common Benign Skin Tumors - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - Benign skin tumors are commonly seen by family physicians. The ability to properly diagnose and treat common benign tumors and to distinguish them from malignant lesions is a vital skill for all family physicians. Any lesions for which the diagnosis is uncertain, based on the history ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p729.html

Burnout by Numbers

Recent surveys and studies paint a bleak landscape regarding physician burnout. AAFP Senior Vice President of Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin writes in this In The Trenches blog post that the continued shortcomings of electronic health records are the prime driver.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20200121itt-ehr.html

iCanQuit Smartphone App Is Effective in Helping with Smoking Cessation - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Use of the iCanQuit smartphone app by smokers, who were recruited through Facebook and other Internet tools, produced higher cessation rates at 12 months (28.2%) than the QuitGuide app (21.1%).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p441.html

Ocular Emergencies - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of ocular emergencies are essential in the primary care setting when the outcome may depend on timely management. All ocular emergencies, including a penetrating globe injury, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p829.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Sick Sinus Syndrome - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2003 - Sick sinus syndrome comprises a variety of conditions involving sinus node dysfunction and commonly affects elderly persons. While the syndrome can have many causes, it usually is idiopathic. Patients may experience syncope, pre-syncope, palpitations, or dizziness; however, they often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1725.html

Dietary Supplements for Osteoarthritis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2008 - A large number of dietary supplements are promoted to patients with osteoarthritis and as many as one third of those patients have used a supplement to treat their condition. Glucosamine-containing supplements are among the most commonly used products for osteoarthritis. Although the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p177.html

Creating Intentional Professional Connections to Reduce Loneliness, Isolation, and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Pretending we have it together and can do it all on our own is the fastest way to professional isolation and burnout. Fortunately, there’s a better way.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/0900/p20.html

Sudden Cardiac Death and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2010 - Sudden cardiac death is a major public health problem, affecting 500,000 patients in the United States annually. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) can terminate malignant ventricular arrhythmias and has been shown to improve survival in high-risk populations. Although ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1357.html

AFP 2020: Reflections, New Fellows, Updates, and AFP Statistics - Editorials - American...

Oct 15, 2020 - This editorial highlights the top 20 AFP articles of 2019, provides an update on AFP's statistics for print circulation and website visits, and thanks our peer reviewers.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p457.html

Topical Therapy for Acne - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2000 - Acne is a common problem in adolescents and young adults. The disorder is caused by abnormal desquamation of follicular epithelium that results in obstruction of the pilosebaceous canal. This obstruction leads to the formation of comedones, which can become inflamed because of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p357.html

Pleurisy - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Pleuritic chest pain is a common presenting symptom and has many causes, which range from life-threatening to benign, self-limited conditions. Pulmonary embolism is the most common potentially life-threatening cause, found in 5 to 20 percent of patients who present to the emergency ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1357.html

Common Hyperpigmentation Disorders in Adults: Part I. Diagnostic Approach, Cafe au Lait...

Nov 15, 2003 - The cause of hyperpigmentation usually is traced to the activity and presence of melanocytes. Cafe au lait macules may be solitary benign findings or may indicate the presence of neurofibromatosis with its associated complications. Diffuse hyperpigmentation should prompt a search for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p1955.html

Metabolic Syndrome: Time for Action - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - The constellation of dyslipidemia (hypertriglyceridemia and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), elevated blood pressure, impaired glucose tolerance, and central obesity is identified now as metabolic syndrome, also called syndrome X. Soon, metabolic syndrome will ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2875.html

Oral Analgesics for Acute Nonspecific Pain - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - Physicians most often recommend or prescribe oral medication for relief of acute pain. This review of the available evidence supports the use of acetaminophen in doses up to 1,000 mg as the initial choice for mild to moderate acute pain. In some cases, modest improvements in analgesic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p913.html

Management of Status Epilepticus - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - Status epilepticus is an increasingly recognized public health problem in the United States. Status epilepticus is associated with a high mortality rate that is largely contingent on the duration of the condition before initial treatment, the etiology of the condition, and the age of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p469.html

Management of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are part of a continuum of heat-related illness. Both are common and preventable conditions affecting diverse patients. Recent research has identified a cascade of inflammatory pathologic events that begins with mild heat exhaustion and, if uninterrupted, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2133.html

The 2019 Medicare Documentation, Coding, and Payment Update -- FPM

Feb 1, 2019 - This year’s changes include some welcome documentation relief, new codes for portal and telephone encounters, and much more.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2019/0100/p23.html

Management of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus focus on three areas: intensive lifestyle intervention that includes at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, weight loss with an initial goal of 7 percent of baseline weight, and a low-fat, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p29.html

Improving the Waiting Room Experience -- FPM

Feb 1, 2020 - Adding a touch of tech, a dose of education, and plenty of creature comforts to your waiting room can make it more palatable for patients.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/0100/p14.html

Four Coding and Payment Opportunities You Might Be Missing -- FPM

Jun 1, 2016 - You’re likely already doing the work, so why not get paid for it?

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2016/0500/p30.html

Poverty and Health - The Family Medicine Perspective (Position Paper)

Find out the ways in which the American Academy of Family Physicians transforms health care to achieve optimal health for everyone.

About AAFP |AAFP Policies and Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/about/policies/all/poverty-health.html

HELLP Syndrome: Recognition and Perinatal Management - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - HELLP, a syndrome characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels and a low platelet count, is an obstetric complication that is frequently misdiagnosed at initial presentation. Many investigators consider the syndrome to be a variant of preeclampsia, but it may be a separate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p829.html

Infertility - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2007 - Infertility is defined as failure to achieve pregnancy during one year of frequent, unprotected intercourse. Evaluation generally begins after 12 months, but it can be initiated earlier if infertility is suspected based on history or if the female partner is older than 35 years. Major ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p849.html

Discharge Procedures for Healthy Newborns - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2006 - Physicians should use a checklist to facilitate discussions with new parents before discharging their healthy newborn from the hospital. The checklist should include information on breastfeeding, warning signs of illness, and ways to keep the child healthy and safe. Physicians can ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p849.html

Emotional Intelligence: Five Ways to Have Better Interactions and Improve Your Work ... Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - These simple tools can help you respond effectively when you feel emotionally hijacked by difficult people or circumstances.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/0900/p9.html

Should Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening of Athletes Include ECG? No: There Is ...

Sep 1, 2015 - Although there are many reasons to conduct preparticipation sports examinations, there is insufficient evidence to support cardiac screening with ECG.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p343.html

Chronic Critical Limb Ischemia: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Chronic critical limb ischemia is manifested by pain at rest, nonhealing wounds and gangrene. Ischemic rest pain is typically described as a burning pain in the arch or distal foot that occurs while the patient is recumbent but is relieved when the patient returns to a position in which...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1899.html

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