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Medicine by the numbers

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AFP Documents with Keyword: Coronary Artery Disease/Coronary Heart Disease - American ...

...Nov 1, 2019 Issue Ticagrelor Compared to Clopidogrel in Acute Coronary Syndrome and Stable Coronary Artery Disease [Medicine by the Numbers] The authors determined there is no benefit from the use of ticagrelor in patients with acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2279&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Coronary Artery Disease/Coronary Heart Disease - American ...

...Dec 1, 2018 Issue Early Invasive Management of Acute Coronary Syndromes [Medicine by the Numbers] Does early invasive management help patients with unstable angina or acute non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in reducing occurence of death, myocardial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2279&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Counseling - American Family Physician

...The number one cause of death for children younger than 14 years is vehicular injury. Child safety seats and automobile safety belts protect children in a crash if they are used correctly, but if a child does not fit in the restraint correctly, it can lead to injury. A child safety...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2281&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Deep Venous Thrombosis - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2021 Issue Treatment of Distal DVT [Medicine by the Numbers] A Cochrane review demonstrated that anticoagulation was effective and superior to observation for deep venous thrombosis; however, given the quality of the evidence, the benefits are unclear. Jan 1, 2021 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2282

AFP Documents with Keyword: Deep Venous Thrombosis - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2021 Issue Treatment of Distal DVT [Medicine by the Numbers] A Cochrane review demonstrated that anticoagulation was effective and superior to observation for deep venous thrombosis; however, given the quality of the evidence, the benefits are unclear. Jan 1, 2021 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2282&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diabetes - American Family Physician

...Five Years) [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that none were helped and 1 in 6 patients were harmed. See why. Feb 15, 2015 Issue Metformin Associated with Less Need for a Second Medicine [POEMs] n this retrospective analysis, which benefits from large numbers of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2288&page=6

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diabetes - American Family Physician

...Semaglutide significantly reduced the composite outcome of CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke (number needed to treat [NNT] = 43 over 2.1 years). It was generally well tolerated, and it reduced body weight by approximately 6.4 to 9.5 lb (2.9 to 4.3 kg)....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2288&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diarrhea - American Family Physician

...Mar 1, 2020 Issue Probiotics to Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] Antibiotics often disrupt the natural balance of nonpathogenic bacterial flora within the gastrointestinal tract. Learn more about the effectiveness of probiotics in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2291

AFP Documents with Keyword: Diarrhea - American Family Physician

...Mar 1, 2020 Issue Probiotics to Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] Antibiotics often disrupt the natural balance of nonpathogenic bacterial flora within the gastrointestinal tract. Learn more about the effectiveness of probiotics in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2291&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...Feb 1, 2018 Issue Beta Blockers Compared with Other Drug Options for the Treatment of Hypertension [Medicine by the Numbers] Although beta blockers seem to have a positive impact on patient-oriented evidence that matters in patients with hypertension, they appear to be inferior...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...to improve cardiovascular or overall mortality in patients with symptomatic heart failure. The combination is associated with an increased number of adverse drug effects. Jun 15, 2019 Issue H. pylori Screening Before Initiation of Long-term NSAIDs [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...Nov 1, 2015 Issue Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that 1 in 4 had improved bloating and stool consistency, and less interference with daily life, while only 1 in 9 experiences medication...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=6

AFP Documents with Keyword: Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

...2016 Issue Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Ablation and Cardioversion [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies showed that 433 patients needed to be treated with rivaroxaban to prevent one stroke and 629 patients needed to be...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2297&page=5

AFP Documents with Keyword: Dyspnea - American Family Physician

...Feb 1, 2019 Issue Dyspnea Due to Acute Heart Failure Syndrome [Medicine by the Numbers] This review concluded that the individual components of the clinical history and physical examination, electrocardiography, and chest radiography are not useful independently for confirming or...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2300

AFP Documents with Keyword: Elbow Disorders - American Family Physician

...May 15, 2018 Issue Hyperpronation Method for Reduction of Nursemaid's Elbow [Medicine by the Numbers] Although data are limited, the results have consistently shown a higher rate of success with first attempt reduction of nursemaids' elbow when the hyperpronation method was used....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2305

AFP Documents with Keyword: Emergency Medicine - American Family Physician

...Emergency Medicine Apr 15, 2020 Issue Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness Medical Society [Practice Guidelines] Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2306

AFP Documents with Keyword: Emergency Medicine - American Family Physician

...Emergency Medicine Apr 15, 2020 Issue Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness Medical Society [Practice Guidelines] Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2306&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Ear - American Family Physician

...Jun 15, 2018 Issue Antibiotics for Otitis Media in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis concludes that the risk of a prolonged course of antibiotics was twice as high for children younger than two years with bilateral acute otitis media than for children two...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2312

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Ear - American Family Physician

...Jun 15, 2018 Issue Antibiotics for Otitis Media in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis concludes that the risk of a prolonged course of antibiotics was twice as high for children younger than two years with bilateral acute otitis media than for children two...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2312&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Sinus - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2019 Issue Antibiotics for Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Because of the relatively high rate of reported adverse effects and the high likelihood of resolution of symptoms with supportive care and symptomatic management, the authors recommend...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2314

AFP Documents with Keyword: ENT, Sinus - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2019 Issue Antibiotics for Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Because of the relatively high rate of reported adverse effects and the high likelihood of resolution of symptoms with supportive care and symptomatic management, the authors recommend...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2314&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Enuresis - American Family Physician

...Jan 1, 2021 Issue Effectiveness of Alarm Therapy in the Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children [Medicine by the Numbers] This review concluded that alarm therapy appears to be effective for treating nocturnal enuresis in children, but it is uncertain if it is more effective...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2316

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Oct 1, 2016 Issue Top POEMs of 2015 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign [Article] These POEMs were rated highly according to their potential to reduce overdiagnosis and overtreatment, consistent with the focus of the Choosing...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Sep 1, 2011 Issue Compromising the Medical Literature: The Hidden Influence of Industry-Biased Articles [Editorials] Stealth marketing via journals threatens evidence-based practice, but eliminating ghostwriting does not guarantee the absence of undue bias....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Feb 1, 2004 Issue Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT): A Patient-Centered Approach to Grading Evidence in the Medical Literature [Article] A large number of taxonomies are used to rate the quality of an individual study and the strength of a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Evidence-Based Medicine - American Family Physician

...Evidence-Based Medicine Mar 1, 2014 Issue More Ways to Improve Health and Reduce Harm: Choosing Wisely Phase 3 [Editorials] This campaign has resulted in more than 200 key clinical recommendations to help promote best practices and avoid unnecessary and potentially harmful medical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2320&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Family Medicine - American Family Physician

...Family Medicine Jun 15, 2020 Issue Welcoming AFP's Patient Partners [Editorials] We would like to welcome Helen Haskell and John James in their new roles on American Family Physician’s (AFP’s) Editorial Advisory Board, in which they will serve as AFP’s first-ever official patient...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2325&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Family Medicine - American Family Physician

...Family Medicine Oct 1, 2013 Issue General Health Checks for Reducing Morbidity and Mortality [Cochrane for Clinicians] Although general health checks increase the number of new diagnoses, they do not decrease total, cardiovascular-related, or cancer-related morbidity or mortality....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2325&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Fibromyalgia - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2018 Issue Pregabalin (Lyrica) for Acute Fibromyalgia Pain [Medicine by the Numbers] Pregabalin (Lyrica) provides good pain relief to some patients with acute fibromyalgia pain but does not work for most persons. Learn more. Sep 1, 2017 Issue Pregabalin for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2328

AFP Documents with Keyword: Gastroenteritis - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2015 Issue Ondansetron for Gastroenteritis in Children and Adolescents [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show vomiting stopped in 1 in 5 patients and diarrhea was a consistent adverse effect. Find out more. Mar 1, 2015 Issue Practical Selection of Antiemetics in the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2333

AFP Documents with Keyword: Gastroenteritis - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2015 Issue Ondansetron for Gastroenteritis in Children and Adolescents [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show vomiting stopped in 1 in 5 patients and diarrhea was a consistent adverse effect. Find out more. Mar 1, 2015 Issue Practical Selection of Antiemetics in the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2333&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Genetics - American Family Physician

...Apr 15, 2010 Issue Examining the Heart of Family Medicine: Family History [Editorials] Dec 15, 2009 Issue ACOG Guidelines for Managing Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome [Practice Guidelines] The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has produced...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2338&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Gynecologic - American Family Physician

...Jul 1, 2019 Issue Preventing Spontaneous Abortion with Progestin Therapy [Medicine by the Numbers] The use of progestin therapy in women with recurrent pregnancy loss appears to reduce the incidence of spontaneous abortion, preterm labor, and stillbirth, and increase the rate of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2342

AFP Documents with Keyword: Gynecologic - American Family Physician

...Jul 1, 2019 Issue Preventing Spontaneous Abortion with Progestin Therapy [Medicine by the Numbers] The use of progestin therapy in women with recurrent pregnancy loss appears to reduce the incidence of spontaneous abortion, preterm labor, and stillbirth, and increase the rate of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2342&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Gynecologic - American Family Physician

...often arise but without any obvious answer because the practice of medicine is an art as well as a science. The history of the annual physical examination for healthy women illuminates the science of medicine. Aug 15, 2003 Issue Current Perspectives in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2342&page=5

AFP Documents with Keyword: Headache - American Family Physician

...effective for migraine prevention. Compared with usual care, acupuncture is more effective at reducing headache frequency by at least 50% (number needed to treat [NNT] = 4). May 15, 2017 Issue Topiramate and Amitriptyline Not Effective for Migraine in Children [POEMs]...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2346&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Heart Disease - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2018 Issue Hormone Therapy for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women [Medicine by the Numbers] No benefit was observed in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Find out more. Sep...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2349&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Heart Disease - American Family Physician

...No: There Is Not Enough Evidence to Support Including ECG in the Preparticipation Sports Evaluation [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine] Although there are many reasons to conduct preparticipation sports examinations, there is insufficient evidence to support cardiac...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2349&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Heart Failure - American Family Physician

...to improve cardiovascular or overall mortality in patients with symptomatic heart failure. The combination is associated with an increased number of adverse drug effects. May 15, 2019 Issue Simple Clinical Prediction Rule Determines Risk of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2350

AFP Documents with Keyword: Heart Failure - American Family Physician

...to improve cardiovascular or overall mortality in patients with symptomatic heart failure. The combination is associated with an increased number of adverse drug effects. May 15, 2019 Issue Simple Clinical Prediction Rule Determines Risk of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2350&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Hepatitis - American Family Physician

...Jan 1, 2020 Issue Branched-chain Amino Acids for Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy [Medicine by the Numbers] Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction that can be mild with minimal confusion, or overt and severe with coma. Learn more about branched-chain amino acids for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2354

AFP Documents with Keyword: Hepatitis - American Family Physician

...Jan 1, 2020 Issue Branched-chain Amino Acids for Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy [Medicine by the Numbers] Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction that can be mild with minimal confusion, or overt and severe with coma. Learn more about branched-chain amino acids for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2354&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Hepatitis - American Family Physician

...Jun 1, 2017 Issue Efficacy of Direct-Acting Antivirals Compared with Older Agents for Hepatitis C [Medicine by the Numbers] Although they help patients achieve sustained viralogic response, expensive direct-acting antivirals have yet to show that they can succeed in meeting...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2354&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: HIV/AIDS - American Family Physician

...Jul 1, 2017 Issue Tenofovir for Prevention of HIV Infection [Medicine by the Numbers] The benefits are greater than the harm in using tenofovir for HIV prevention, but cost-effectiveness and personal preferences are critical. Nov 1, 2016 Issue Primary Care for Patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2358

AFP Documents with Keyword: HIV/AIDS - American Family Physician

...Jul 1, 2017 Issue Tenofovir for Prevention of HIV Infection [Medicine by the Numbers] The benefits are greater than the harm in using tenofovir for HIV prevention, but cost-effectiveness and personal preferences are critical. Nov 1, 2016 Issue Primary Care for Patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2358&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

...Aug 15, 2014 Issue 2013 ACC/AHA Cholesterol Guideline Greatly Increases Number Eligible for Statin Treatment [POEMs] The new guideline from the ACC/AHA increases the number of adults between 40 and 75 years of age who are eligible to take statins by 12.8 million. The largest...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2360&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

...Nov 1, 2017 Issue Statins in Persons at Low Risk of Cardiovascular Disease [Medicine by the Numbers] Despite the small reductions in nonfatal heart attacks and strokes, statins were not associated with a reduction in serious illness overall. Oct 15, 2017 Issue Screening for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2360&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Hypertension - American Family Physician

...Feb 1, 2018 Issue Beta Blockers Compared with Other Drug Options for the Treatment of Hypertension [Medicine by the Numbers] Although beta blockers seem to have a positive impact on patient-oriented evidence that matters in patients with hypertension, they appear to be inferior...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2361&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Immunizations - American Family Physician

...years of age prevents the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and CIN 3 in women regardless of previous HPV exposure (number needed to treat [NNT] = 39). No serious adverse effects are associated with administration of the HPV vaccine. Oct 15, 2018 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2365&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Immunizations - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2019 Issue HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions [Medicine by the Numbers] Data suggest the benefits of HPV vaccination for reducing precancerous lesions outweigh the potential harms. Find out more. Apr 1, 2019 Issue Maternal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2365

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