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AFP Documents with Keyword: Immunizations - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2019 Issue HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions [Medicine by the Numbers] Data suggest the benefits of HPV vaccination for reducing precancerous lesions outweigh the potential harms. Find out more. Apr 1, 2019 Issue Maternal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2365&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Infectious Disease, Fungal - American Family Physician

...Aug 1, 2018 Issue Terbinafine for Onychomycosis [Medicine by the Numbers] Preliminary evidence indicates that combining terbinafine with an azole appears to be superior to terbinafine alone. Further study is necessary to compare combined treatment with terbinafine plus an azole...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2368

AFP Documents with Keyword: Infectious Disease, Fungal - American Family Physician

...Aug 1, 2018 Issue Terbinafine for Onychomycosis [Medicine by the Numbers] Preliminary evidence indicates that combining terbinafine with an azole appears to be superior to terbinafine alone. Further study is necessary to compare combined treatment with terbinafine plus an azole...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2368&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Irritable Bowel Syndrome - American Family Physician

...Nov 1, 2015 Issue Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that 1 in 4 had improved bloating and stool consistency, and less interference with daily life, while only 1 in 9 experiences medication...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2374

AFP Documents with Keyword: Irritable Bowel Syndrome - American Family Physician

...Nov 1, 2015 Issue Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that 1 in 4 had improved bloating and stool consistency, and less interference with daily life, while only 1 in 9 experiences medication...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2374&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Labor, Delivery, Postpartum - American Family Physician

...Nov 1, 2018 Issue Effectiveness of Intrapartum Antibiotics for Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid [Medicine by the Numbers] This review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend prophylactic intrapartum antibiotics in laboring women with meconium-stained amniotic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2380&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Labor, Delivery, Postpartum - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2020 Issue Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Operative Vaginal Delivery [Medicine by the Numbers] Current guidelines from the World Health Organization do not recommend routine antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal birth because of insufficient evidence of effectiveness....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2380

AFP Documents with Keyword: Labor, Delivery, Postpartum - American Family Physician

...Oct 1, 2020 Issue Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Operative Vaginal Delivery [Medicine by the Numbers] Current guidelines from the World Health Organization do not recommend routine antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal birth because of insufficient evidence of effectiveness....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2380&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Labor, Delivery, Postpartum - American Family Physician

...low birth weight, and having an infant that is small for gestational age (number needed to treat [NNT] = 28). Mar 1, 2016 Issue Controlled Cord Traction During the Third Stage of Labor [Medicine by the Numbers] The overall risk-to-benefit ratio of controlled cord traction is...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2380&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Labor, Delivery, Postpartum - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2020 Issue Tranexamic Acid for Postpartum Hemorrhage [Medicine by the Numbers] Postpartum hemorrhage is the most common cause of maternal death worldwide. Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent that has shown to decrease bleeding in surgical patients and all-cause...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2380&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Liver Disorders - American Family Physician

...Jan 1, 2020 Issue Branched-chain Amino Acids for Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy [Medicine by the Numbers] Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction that can be mild with minimal confusion, or overt and severe with coma. Learn more about branched-chain amino acids for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2382

AFP Documents with Keyword: Liver Disorders - American Family Physician

...Jan 1, 2020 Issue Branched-chain Amino Acids for Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy [Medicine by the Numbers] Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction that can be mild with minimal confusion, or overt and severe with coma. Learn more about branched-chain amino acids for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2382&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Lung Cancer - American Family Physician

...Screening Is Complex but Worthwhile [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine] When offered to the appropriate population in the appropriate context, CT-based lung cancer screening will reduce the number of deaths caused by this difficult disease. Jul 15, 2014 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2383&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Menopause - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2019 Issue Denosumab for Reducing Risk of Fractures in Postmenopausal Women [Medicine by the Numbers] Denosumab appears to be effective in reducing the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Treatment with denosumab does not...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2387

AFP Documents with Keyword: Menopause - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2019 Issue Denosumab for Reducing Risk of Fractures in Postmenopausal Women [Medicine by the Numbers] Denosumab appears to be effective in reducing the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Treatment with denosumab does not...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2387&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Musculoskeletal Care - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2019 Issue Denosumab for Reducing Risk of Fractures in Postmenopausal Women [Medicine by the Numbers] Denosumab appears to be effective in reducing the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Treatment with denosumab does not...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2391&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Musculoskeletal Care - American Family Physician

...May 15, 2018 Issue Hyperpronation Method for Reduction of Nursemaid's Elbow [Medicine by the Numbers] Although data are limited, the results have consistently shown a higher rate of success with first attempt reduction of nursemaids' elbow when the hyperpronation method was used....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2391&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Musculoskeletal Care - American Family Physician

...Jul 1, 2016 Issue Topical NSAIDs for Acute Musculoskeletal Pain in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that patients had improved pain control with diclofenac gel, ketoprofen gel, and ibuprofen gel with no increase in local or systemic adverse events. See why. Jul...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2391&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Neuropathy - American Family Physician

...Dec 1, 2017 Issue Topical Capsaicin for Treatment of Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Based on low-quality evidence, high-concentration capsaicin patches reduce neuropathic pain from herpes and human immunodeficiency virus infection by 30% to 50%...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2397

AFP Documents with Keyword: Neuropathy - American Family Physician

...Dec 1, 2017 Issue Topical Capsaicin for Treatment of Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Based on low-quality evidence, high-concentration capsaicin patches reduce neuropathic pain from herpes and human immunodeficiency virus infection by 30% to 50%...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2397&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Nutrition - American Family Physician

...Jul 1, 2020 Issue Vitamin D Supplementation and All-Cause Mortality [Medicine by the Numbers] Observational studies have shown that those with low vitamin D levels have higher cancer and cardiovascular mortality. Read more to learn about the effect of vitamin D supplementation on...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2399

AFP Documents with Keyword: Nutrition - American Family Physician

...Jul 1, 2020 Issue Vitamin D Supplementation and All-Cause Mortality [Medicine by the Numbers] Observational studies have shown that those with low vitamin D levels have higher cancer and cardiovascular mortality. Read more to learn about the effect of vitamin D supplementation on...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2399&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Nutrition - American Family Physician

...either nuts or olive oil, reduces the likelihood of a composite outcome of cardiovascular events or death over a five-year follow-up period (number needed to treat = 70). The relative risk reduction is approximately 30%. This is the ... Jun 15, 2013 Issue Behavioral Counseling...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2399&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Obesity - American Family Physician

...or more of their body weight (number needed to treat [NNT] = 10) and appears to be safe in terms of cardiovascular events. Mar 1, 2019 Issue Metformin for Improving Maternal and Infant Outcomes in Pregnant Women Who Are Obese [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2400

AFP Documents with Keyword: Obesity - American Family Physician

...or more of their body weight (number needed to treat [NNT] = 10) and appears to be safe in terms of cardiovascular events. Mar 1, 2019 Issue Metformin for Improving Maternal and Infant Outcomes in Pregnant Women Who Are Obese [Medicine by the Numbers] This meta-analysis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2400&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pain Management - American Family Physician

...Dec 1, 2017 Issue Topical Capsaicin for Treatment of Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Based on low-quality evidence, high-concentration capsaicin patches reduce neuropathic pain from herpes and human immunodeficiency virus infection by 30% to 50%...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2410&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pneumonia - American Family Physician

...Jun 1, 2016 Issue Corticosteroids for Community-Acquired Pneumonia [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that 1 in 20 patients avoided mechanical ventilation and 1 in 16 patients avoided ARDS; 1 in 29 patients developed hyperglycemia requiring treatment. Read more. Pages: 1...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2423

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pneumonia - American Family Physician

...Jun 1, 2016 Issue Corticosteroids for Community-Acquired Pneumonia [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that 1 in 20 patients avoided mechanical ventilation and 1 in 16 patients avoided ARDS; 1 in 29 patients developed hyperglycemia requiring treatment. Read more. Pages: 1...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2423&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

...The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have published guidelines focusing on interpregnancy care to improve outcomes of future pregnancies and the overall health of women, regardless of their future pregnancy plans....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2425&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

...Apr 1, 2017 Issue Vitamin E in Pregnancy [Medicine by the Numbers] Vitamin E supplementation in pregnant women does not show any benefit among the most patient-important outcomes. Mar 15, 2017 Issue NPMS Releases Consensus Statement on Venous Thromboembolism During Pregnancy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2425&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

...vitamins and supplements they should be taking, how much and which types of exercise are safe, whether prescription and over-the-counter medicines are safe, and recommendations on sex, alcohol, cannabis, caffeine, artificial sweeteners, and hair treatments. Jul 15, 2020 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2425

AFP Documents with Keyword: Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

...vitamins and supplements they should be taking, how much and which types of exercise are safe, whether prescription and over-the-counter medicines are safe, and recommendations on sex, alcohol, cannabis, caffeine, artificial sweeteners, and hair treatments. Jul 15, 2020 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2425&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Prostate Cancer - American Family Physician

...May 1, 2015 Issue PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show no deaths were prevented and 1 in 5 underwent a prostate biopsy for a false-positive test. Read more. Jan 15, 2014 Issue AUA Releases Guideline on Early Detection of Prostate Cancer...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2428&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Psychiatric/Psychologic - American Family Physician

...a history of SAD (number needed to treat [NNT] = 5), as well as those at lower risk (NNT = 8). Headaches, nausea, and insomnia may limit adherence to treatment. Dec 1, 2016 Issue Aripiprazole vs. Placebo or Haloperidol for Schizophrenia [Medicine by the Numbers] Aripiprazole...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2430&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Psychiatric/Psychologic - American Family Physician

...validated Young Mania Rating Scale compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 6; 95% CI, 5 to 8; six studies; n = 1,707). Apr 1, 2020 Issue Benzodiazepines for Panic Disorder in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Should benzodiazepeines continue to be prescribed...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2430

AFP Documents with Keyword: Psychiatric/Psychologic - American Family Physician

...validated Young Mania Rating Scale compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 6; 95% CI, 5 to 8; six studies; n = 1,707). Apr 1, 2020 Issue Benzodiazepines for Panic Disorder in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] Should benzodiazepeines continue to be prescribed...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2430&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pulmonary Medicine - American Family Physician

...Pulmonary Medicine Nov 15, 2020 Issue Watch-and-Wait Strategy Is an Option for Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax [POEMs] Conservative observation of patients presenting with a first primary spontaneous pneumothorax is as effective as immediate chest tube insertion in achieving full...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2432

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pulmonary Medicine - American Family Physician

...Pulmonary Medicine Nov 15, 2020 Issue Watch-and-Wait Strategy Is an Option for Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax [POEMs] Conservative observation of patients presenting with a first primary spontaneous pneumothorax is as effective as immediate chest tube insertion in achieving full...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2432&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pulmonary Medicine - American Family Physician

...Pulmonary Medicine Sep 1, 2015 Issue Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis [Medicine by the Numbers] Studies show that none were helped and the impact of harms such as decreased oxygen saturation and tachycardia was uncertain. Jun 15, 2015 Issue Role of the Family Physician in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2432&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pulmonary Medicine - American Family Physician

...Pulmonary Medicine May 15, 2009 Issue Latent Tuberculosis Infection: The Physician's Role in Tuberculosis Control [Editorials] Jan 15, 2008 Issue ACCP and AACVPR Release Evidence-Based Guidelines on Pulmonary Rehabilitation [Practice Guidelines] The American College of Chest...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2432&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Schizophrenia - American Family Physician

...Dec 1, 2016 Issue Aripiprazole vs. Placebo or Haloperidol for Schizophrenia [Medicine by the Numbers] Aripiprazole was shown to have one major benefit over placebo, but favorable outcomes with haloperidol throw its effectiveness into question. Are the differences merely...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2473

AFP Documents with Keyword: Seizure Disorders - American Family Physician

...Feb 1, 2017 Issue Antiepileptic Drugs After First Unprovoked Seizure [Medicine by the Numbers] The decision to start an antiepileptic drug after a first unprovoked seizure has long been a clinically challenging one. Jun 1, 2016 Issue When to Discontinue Antiepileptic Drug...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2437

AFP Documents with Keyword: Seizure Disorders - American Family Physician

...Feb 1, 2017 Issue Antiepileptic Drugs After First Unprovoked Seizure [Medicine by the Numbers] The decision to start an antiepileptic drug after a first unprovoked seizure has long been a clinically challenging one. Jun 1, 2016 Issue When to Discontinue Antiepileptic Drug...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2437&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Sports Medicine - American Family Physician

...Sports Medicine Feb 15, 2021 Issue Performance-Enhancing Drug Use in Recreational Athletes [Editorials] Family physicians may be surprised to learn the number of their patients who use performance-enhancing drugs, either deliberately to improve athletic performance or unknowingly...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2446

AFP Documents with Keyword: Sports Medicine - American Family Physician

...Sports Medicine Feb 15, 2021 Issue Performance-Enhancing Drug Use in Recreational Athletes [Editorials] Family physicians may be surprised to learn the number of their patients who use performance-enhancing drugs, either deliberately to improve athletic performance or unknowingly...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2446&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Mar 1, 2021 Issue Antiplatelet Agents for Preventing Early Recurrence of Ischemic Stroke or TIA [Medicine by the Numbers] After atherothrombotic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, adding clopidogrel to aspirin reduced recurrent strokes but increased major hemorrhages....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Mar 1, 2021 Issue Antiplatelet Agents for Preventing Early Recurrence of Ischemic Stroke or TIA [Medicine by the Numbers] After atherothrombotic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, adding clopidogrel to aspirin reduced recurrent strokes but increased major hemorrhages....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Substance Abuse - American Family Physician

...Mar 1, 2017 Issue Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Placebo for Opioid Dependence [Medicine by the Numbers] Buprenorphine causes lower physical dependence, milder withdrawal symptoms, and is less likely to cause an overdose than methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2448&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Substance Abuse - American Family Physician

...Family physicians may be surprised to learn the number of their patients who use performance-enhancing drugs, either deliberately to improve athletic performance or unknowingly through contaminated dietary supplements. Jan 15, 2021 Issue Screening for Unhealthy Drug Use:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2448

AFP Documents with Keyword: Substance Abuse - American Family Physician

...Family physicians may be surprised to learn the number of their patients who use performance-enhancing drugs, either deliberately to improve athletic performance or unknowingly through contaminated dietary supplements. Jan 15, 2021 Issue Screening for Unhealthy Drug Use:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2448&page=0

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