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Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

Ocular Emergencies - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of ocular emergencies are essential in the primary care setting when the outcome may depend on timely management. All ocular emergencies, including a penetrating globe injury, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p829.html

Identifying Patients with Newly Diagnosed Acute Pulmonary Embolism Who Are at Low Risk ...

Jun 15, 2018 - Standard management of acute PE includes five days of inpatient treatment with parenteral anticoagulation, followed by long-term oral anticoagulation as an outpatient. However, guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians state that early discharge before five days can be ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/p811.html

Influenza in the Nursing Home - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2002 - Although influenza affects persons of all ages, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has identified several groups who are at increased risk for complications. One such group is residents of nursing homes or other long-term care facilities. During influenza epidemics, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p75.html

When Medicine Reverses Itself: Avoiding Practice Pitfalls - Editorials - American ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Educating our patients, applying evidence judiciously, and avoiding undue influences will help us avoid the pitfalls of the ever-changing practice of medicine.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p733.html

My Message to Students: Why Family Medicine Matters

Marking the sixth anniversary of his graduation from residency, Kurt Bravata, M.D., reflects on what he wishes every first-year medical student knew about family medicine.

AAFP News : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20190619fpwhyfm.html

Mental Health Care Services by Family Physicians (Position Paper)

Read the AAFP's position paper on mental health care services provided by family physicians.

About AAFP |AAFP Policies and Recommendations : Policies

https://www.aafp.org/about/policies/all/mental-health-services.html

Dementia With Lewy Bodies: An Emerging Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Dementia with Lewy bodies appears to be the second most common form of dementia, accounting for about one in five cases. The condition is characterized by dementia accompanied by delirium, visual hallucinations, and parkinsonism. Other common symptoms include syncope, falls, sleep ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1223.html

Community Colleges Hold Key to Family Medicine Diversity

New research published in Annals of Family Medicine suggests that attending community college increases the odds that U.S. medical school graduates will choose family medicine.

AAFP News : CME

https://www.aafp.org/news/education-professional-development/20180718commcollege.html

Diagnosis and Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of synovial tissue and a wide array of multisystem comorbidities. Prevalence is estimated to be 0.8 percent worldwide, with women twice as likely to develop the disease as men. Untreated, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1037.html

Preventive Counseling, Screening, and Therapy for the Patient with Newly Diagnosed HIV ...

Jan 15, 2006 - The epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues, and the infection is converting into a treatable chronic disease; therefore, it is increasingly important for family physicians to be current with and comfortable in providing basic care to patients infected with HIV. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p271.html

Corticosteroids for Hospitalized Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Cochrane ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - For adults hospitalized with severe CAP, the use of corticosteroids may reduce the likelihood of mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p272.html

Maternal Obesity and Labor Induction - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

May 15, 2018 - Pregnant women who are obese have nearly double the rate of cesarean delivery, and obesity increases the median duration of active labor by up to four hours when labor is induced. The difference in cesarean delivery rate is larger in obese primigravida patients presenting with cervical ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p671.html

Chronic Vulvovaginal Candidiasis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - Frequently ignored by the medical community, chronic vulvovaginal symptoms are relatively common and can frustrating for patients and physicians. Establishing a proper diagnosis will lay the foundation for an effective therapeutic therapeutic plan. Fungal cultures are an important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p697.html

Social Media Use and Mood Disorders: When Is It Time to Unplug? - Curbside Consultation...

Oct 15, 2017 - Americans spend more time on Facebook, the world's largest online social network, than any other website. On the surface, social media networks provide an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection. However, rather than enhancing well-being by ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p537.html

Diagnostic Evaluation of Dyspnea - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1998 - Dyspnea is a common symptom and, in most cases, can be effectively managed in the office by the family physician. The differential diagnosis is composed of four general categories: cardiac, pulmonary, mixed cardiac or pulmonary, and noncardiac or nonpulmonary. Most cases of dyspnea are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p711.html

Aesthetic Procedures in Office Practice - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2009 - Since the approval of botulinum toxin, dermal fillers, and lasers for cosmetic use, minimally invasive aesthetic procedures have rapidly become the treatments of choice for age-related facial changes.

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1231.html

No Short-Term Extra Benefit when Muscle Relaxants Are Added to Ibuprofen for Acute Low ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Adding a muscle relaxant to treatment with ibuprofen does not improve functional outcomes or pain, or lessen the number of people reporting moderate to severe back pain one week after starting treatment.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p695.html

Even an Occasional Cigarette Greatly Boosts Mortality Risk

A study recently published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that compared with people who never smoked, lifelong nondaily smokers had a 72 percent higher overall mortality risk, as well as increased mortality risks from a number of specific conditions, such as...

AAFP News : Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20181121nondailysmkrs.html

Pancreatic Cancer: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2006 - Although only 32,000 new cases of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas occur in the United States each year, it is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in this country. The overall five-year survival rate is 4 percent, and localized, resectable disease has only a 17 percent survival ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p485.html

'Think Big' to Reimagine Family Medicine, Speakers Advise

For their virtual mainstage event at the 2020 National Conference, AAFP CEO/EVP Shawn Martin and Farzad Mostashari, M.D., M.P.H., talked about the future of family medicine.

AAFP News : CME

https://www.aafp.org/news/education-professional-development/20200804nc-future.html

Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis of the Hip and Knee - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - Pigmented villonodular synovitis is an uncommon disease that remains a diagnostic challenge. Presenting complaints commonly involve one joint, most often the knee or hip. Symptoms of pain and swelling characteristically have an insidious onset and are slowly progressive. The physical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1404.html

Nodules on the Knuckles - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2020 - ...MICAH PIPPIN, MD, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Family Medicine Residency, Alexandria, Louisiana Am Fam Physician. 2020 Jan 1;101(1):47-48. A 55-year-old man presented with nonpainful, red masses on his knuckles that had been recurring for years. The lesions...

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p47.html

Log In, Fight for Family Medicine, Log Off

This is the last week to register for the AAFP’s all-virtual 2021 Family Medicine Advocacy Summit, which will be held May 18-19.

AAFP News : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20210427itt-fmas.html

Positive Chest Radiograph Findings Are Not Enough to Warrant Antibiotics in Patients ...

Jan 1, 2020 - ...Editor’s Note: Dr. Ebell is Deputy Editor for Evidence-Based Medicine for AFP. References 1. Ebell MH, Radke T. Antibiotic use for viral acute respiratory tract infections remains common. Am J Manag Care. 2015;21(10):e567–e575. 2. Van Vugt S, Broekhuizen BD, Lammens C, et al. Use of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p5.html

Evaluating Fever of Unidentifiable Source in Young Children - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - Most children will have been evaluated for a febrile illness by 36 months of age. Although the majority will have a self-limited viral illness, studies done before the use of Haemophilus influenzae type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccines showed that approximately 10 percent of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1805.html

Primary Care–Based Interventions to Prevent Illicit Drug Use: Recommendation Statement ...

Oct 15, 2020 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care–based behavioral counseling interventions to prevent illicit drug use, including nonmedical use of prescription drugs, in children, ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/od1.html

Childhood and Adolescent Sports-Related Overuse Injuries - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Youth sports participation carries an inherent risk of injury, including overuse injuries. Little leaguer's shoulder, a stress fracture of the proximal humerus that presents as lateral shoulder pain, usually is self-limited. Little leaguer's elbow is a medial stress injury; treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1014.html

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Oral ondansetron (Zofran) may be given to children presenting to the emergency department with vomiting and mild to moderate dehydration from acute gastroenteritis. It reduces hospital admissions and the need for intravenous hydration.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p51.html

Detection and Evaluation of Chronic Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 19 million adult Americans, and its incidence is increasing rapidly. Diabetes and hypertension are the underlying causes in most cases of chronic kidney disease. Evidence suggests that progression to kidney failure can be delayed or prevented...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1723.html

Pharmacogenentics: Using DNA to Optimize Drug Therapy - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Pharmacogenetics is a growing field of research that focuses on the interaction between genetics and drug therapy. Relationships between genetic variation and drug effect have been observed for a growing number of commonly used drugs. Validation studies may soon define the use of these ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1179.html

Antidepressants: Update on New Agents and Indications - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - A number of antidepressants have emerged in the U.S. market in the past two decades. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have become the drugs of choice in the treatment of depression, and they are also effective in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p547.html

Reduced Student Exposure to FM Poses Threat to Workforce

Despite the barriers of a virtual match, family medicine netted a record number of residents. However, educators are sounding the alarm that the pandemic could hinder future recruiting efforts.

AAFP News : As We See It: Voices From the AAFP

https://www.aafp.org/news/opinion/20210416guested-match.html

In Healthy Older Adults, Low-Dose Aspirin Increases All-Cause and Cancer-Specific ...

Jul 15, 2019 - The findings are completely unexpected. Although recent studies by this group and other groups of researchers have failed to find a cardiovascular benefit, likely because of better control of other cardiovascular risk factors, this study found increased all-cause mortality, primarily ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p118a.html

Echinococosis-An Emerging Parasite in the Immigrant Population - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - Echinococcus tapeworms are parasites that infect dog species worldwide and occasionally are transmitted to humans. Infection occurs most commonly in persons who raise sheep or cattle, and who have contact with dogs. The tapeworm eggs are typically ingested during play with dogs or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p817.html

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - The most probable etiology of abnormal uterine bleeding relates to the patient's reproductive age, as does the likelihood of serious endometrial pathology. The specific diagnostic approach depends on whether the patient is premenopausal, perimenopausal or postmenopausal. In ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1371.html

Young Febrile Infants: Step-by-Step Evaluation - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family...

Jan 1, 2018 - A fever without an obvious source in an infant younger than three months is highly concerning. Although some infants have a potentially life-threatening invasive bacterial infection, such as meningitis, bacteremia, or sepsis, most have less serious conditions, such as a viral syndrome.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p45.html

Predicting True Penicillin Allergy in Adults - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2021 - In patients reporting a penicillin allergy, is it possible to determine the likelihood of true allergy without formal testing?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p760.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

Hip Pain in Athletes - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Hip pain in athletes involves a wide differential diagnosis. Adolescents and young adults are at particular risk for various apophyseal and epiphyseal injuries due to lack of ossification of these cartilaginous growth plates. Older athletes are more likely to present with tendinitis in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2109.html

Vacuum-Assisted Vaginal Delivery - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - The second stage of labor is a dynamic event that may require assistance when maternal efforts fail to effect delivery or when there are nonreassuring fetal heart tones. Therefore, knowing how to perform an operative vaginal delivery with forceps or vacuum is vital for family physicians...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p953.html

Making Decisions with Families at the End of Life - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Because advance directives are not yet the norm, end-of-life decisions for patients without medical decision-making capacity are made regularly within discussions between the patient's physician and family. Communication and decision making in these situations require a complex ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p719.html

AAFP Weighs in With Its 'Vision for the Future

The AAFP responded to a draft report by the American Board of Medical Specialties Vision for the Future Commission with recommendations to make continuing board certification work for family physicians.

AAFP News : CME

https://www.aafp.org/news/education-professional-development/20190123visioncomments.html

Dietary Interventions for Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Childhood - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Probiotics relieve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain in the short term (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8). There is no convincing evidence that fiber supplements improve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p19.html

Down Syndrome: Prenatal Risk Assessment and Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2000 - Down syndrome (trisomy 21) is the most commonly recognized genetic cause of mental retardation. The risk of trisomy 21 is directly related to maternal age. All forms of prenatal testing for Down syndrome must be voluntary. A nondirective approach should be used when presenting patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p825.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Determining Safe Treatment in the Outpatient Setting - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - When is it safe to treat a patient with community-acquired pneumonia a an outpatient?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p768.html

Management of Chronic Pain and Opioid Misuse: A Position Paper from the AAFP - Practice...

Apr 1, 2017 - Overprescribing, misuse, diversion, and dependence on opioids have occurred as a result of external pressures, physician behavior, inadequate evidence, and pharmacologic development. Family physicians could play an important role in alleviating these problems; therefore, the American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p458.html

The Gomco Circumcision: Common Problems and Solutions - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1998 - Circumcision performed using the Gomco clamp is usually quick and effective, and results in very little bleeding. However, every clinician performing circumcision occasionally has concerns or questions regarding the procedure. Some of the more common concerns regarding the use of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p891.html

Screening Mammography: The Goal Is Changing - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2013 - Screening mammography is one of an increasing number of clinical issues that will require rethinking the clinical mission and restructuring clinical practice to help patients make informed choices.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0215/p246.html

Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Immunocompetent Patients - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2010 - The increasing incidence of skin and soft tissue infections requires family physicians to be familiar with the management of these conditions. Evidence of systemic infection, such as fever, tachycardia, and hypotension, is an indication for inpatient management. Urgent surgical referral...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p893.html

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