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Practice Guidelines

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Common Questions About Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2014 - Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a common musculoskeletal condition in newborns. Infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip, whether treated or untreated, have a higher incidence of early-onset hip osteoarthritis in adulthood. Evidence to support universal screening by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p843.html

High-Potency Topical Corticosteroids Effective for Alopecia Areata in Children - POEMs ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Clobetasol propionate, 0.05%, applied in a thin layer for six weeks on, six weeks off, is a highly effective and safe treatment for alopecia areata in children; hydrocortisone, 1%, is not.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p913.html

AAP Releases Report on the Evaluation of Children When Sexual Abuse Is Suspected - ...

May 15, 2014 - Childhood sexual abuse is common and can lead to lifelong physical and psychological problems. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a report to assist physicians in evaluating children who may have been sexually abused, determining when to report the case, and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p830.html

AAO-HNSF Releases Guideline on Tympanostomy Tubes in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

May 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO–HNSF) has released a guideline on the indications for tube placement in children, as well as perioperative counseling.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p754.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of Acute Bacterial Sinusitis in ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Approximately 6% to 7% of children presenting with respiratory symptoms have acute sinusitis. This practice guideline from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which updates the 2001 guideline, discusses diagnosis and management of acute bacterial sinusitis in children one to 18 ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p676.html

Evaluation and Management of Neck Masses in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - Neck masses in children usually fall into one of three categories: developmental, inflammatory/reactive, or neoplastic. Common congenital developmental masses in the neck include thyroglossal duct cysts, branchial cleft cysts, dermoid cysts, vascular malformations, and hemangiomas. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p353.html

AAP Releases Guideline for the Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children - ...

Mar 1, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has published a guideline on the management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children based on recommendations from the North American and European Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. It is important to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p395.html

ACIP Releases 2014 Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - There are a few changes to the 2014 immunization schedule for children and adolescents, as well as the catch-up schedule, from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) that are pertinent for family physicians.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p229.html

What's New in Childhood Vaccines - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Recommending and providing childhood vaccines is a vital part of a family physician's role in delivering health care to our youth. This editorial reviews several changes in childhood vaccines in the past two years.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p153.html

Diagnosis and Management of Physical Abuse in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2013 - Child abuse is the third leading cause of death in children between one and four years of age, and almost 20% of child homicide victims have contact with a health care professional within a month of their death. Therefore, family physicians are in an ideal position to detect and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p669.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Managing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients 10 to 18 Years ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Childhood type 2 diabetes poses a challenge to many physicians who are not used to treating this disease in such young patients. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a guideline of evidence-based recommendations for treating type 2 diabetes in patients 10 to 18 years of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p710.html

Optimal Antibiotic Regimen for Treating Lower UTI in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Nov 1, 2013 - For the afebrile child with a UTI, a short course (three to seven days) of antibiotics is as effective at preventing the recurrence of symptomatic UTI as a long course (seven to 10 days). There is no clear evidence of superiority for any one antibiotic regimen.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p577.html

Should Children with Acute Otitis Media Routinely be Treated with Antibiotics? No: Most...

Oct 1, 2013 - The evidence supports the use of antibiotics only in certain clinical situations and avoidance of antibiotics in certain children with AOM.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/od2.html

Childhood Eye Examination - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p241.html

AACAP Releases Practice Parameter on Sexual Orientation, Gender Nonconformity, and ...

Aug 1, 2013 - Children and adolescents who are gay, lesbian, or bisexual, and those with gender nonconformity or gender discordance may be affected by negative attitudes, putting them at risk of certain mental health conditions. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) has ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p202.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome ...

Jun 15, 2013 - Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) commonly occurs in children, and if not treated, can cause complications. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) originally released a guideline on the diagnosis and management of OSAS in children in 2002, but because of the significant increase...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p889.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of ADHD - Practice ...

Jan 1, 2013 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) first published guidelines on the diagnosis and evaluation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 2000, with recommendations for treatment published in 2001. Based on new data collected since then, the AAP released new guidelines ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p61.html

Revised AAP Guideline on UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2012 - In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics released a revision of its 1999 clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children two to 24 months of age. The new clinical practice guideline has several important updates based on evidence ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p940.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Should Family Physicians Routinely Screen for Hypercholesterolemia in Children? Yes: ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Yes: The Evidence Supports Universal Screening. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events are the culmination of a process that has clearly been shown to begin in childhood, with accumulation of abnormal lipids in the vascular intima.

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od2.html

Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine - Oct 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2012 - No: Universal Screening Has Uncertain Benefits and a High Risk of Harms. Atherosclerosis can be demonstrated in young arteries, and its development over time correlates with the presence of risk factors for the disease, including higher lipid levels. But the presence of this association...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/od1.html

PIDS and IDSA Issue Management Guidelines for Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants ...

Jul 15, 2012 - Previously published guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults have been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality rates. The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) have created new ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0715/p196.html

AAP Expands Recommendations on SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Deaths - Practice ...

May 1, 2012 - Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a term attributed to any infant death that cannot be explained. Sudden unexpected infant death describes any sudden and unexpected death, whether explained or unexplained, that occurs during infancy. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) first ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0501/p918.html

AAP Releases Clinical Report on the Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, ...

Apr 1, 2012 - The number of children and adolescents using social media Web sites (e.g., Facebook) has significantly increased in the past five years. Research has shown that social media improves communication, social interaction, and technical abilities. Physicians are in a position to talk to ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/p729.html

Providing Confidential Care for Adolescents - Editorials - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2012 - Adolescents are generally healthy, but they commonly present with high-risk behaviors that are often missed by physicians. Without confidentiality, teenagers may avoid seeking services for sensitive health care needs.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p556.html

AAP Reports on the Use of Antipyretics for Fever in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

Mar 1, 2012 - In this report, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reviews the effectiveness of antipyretics for the treatment of fever in children. Fever in children often leads to unscheduled physician visits, telephone calls from parents to physicians for consultation, and the treatment of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p518.html

Respiratory Indications for Polysomnography in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2012 - Although assessment of sleep disorders in children relies on the history and physical examination, polysomnography (PSG) is sometimes used to aid in the diagnosis. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine has provided recommendations regarding the use of the test in children. This ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p290.html

AAO-HNS Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children and Adolescents - Practice Guidelines ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Although tonsillectomy is common and improves patients' quality of life, there are possible risks and practice variations in the care of patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Recent guidelines from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO–HNS) aim to provide ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p566.html

AAP Revises Policy Statement on the Use of Postnatal Corticosteroids for ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major morbidity in very preterm infants that negatively affects neurodevelopmental outcomes and is resistant to therapeutic interventions. A 2002 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement determined that the routine use of dexamethasone ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1501.html

AAP Updates Guidelines for Evaluating Simple Febrile Seizures in Children - Practice ...

Jun 1, 2011 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently updated its guidelines on the neurodiagnostic evaluation of simple febrile seizures in neurologically healthy children six to 60 months of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1348.html

AAP Reports on Use of Probiotics and Prebiotics in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

Apr 1, 2011 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently reviewed the medical uses of probiotics and prebiotics to help guide physicians in counseling parents about the use of these products as dietary supplements added to foods for children, including infant formula.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p849.html

ICSI Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of ADHD in Children - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition marked by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) has released guideline on diagnosis and management of ADHD in children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p762.html

AAP Reports on Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia - Practice Guidelines...

Mar 1, 2011 - Iron is the most common single-nutrient deficiency among children in developing countries and is a common cause of anemia in industrialized nations. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on the diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p624.html

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2011 - Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an RNA virus that causes respiratory tract infections in children. In the North- ern Hemisphere, the peak infection season is November through April. By two years of age, most children will have had an RSV infection. Bronchiolitis, a lower ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p141.html

AAP Updates Policy Statement on Athletic Participation by Children and Adolescents with...

Nov 15, 2010 - The most common cardiovascular condition in competitive athletes is hypertension. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its policy statement using new recommendations made in the 2005 36th Bethesda Conference guidelines; the 2004 Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1285.html

AAP Recommendations on Vaccination Against Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection - ...

Oct 15, 2010 - American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) releases recommendations on Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccination. In February 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration licensed a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Prevnar 13) for use in children two through 71 months of age. PCV13 ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p996.html

AAP Updates Guidelines on Immunoprophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Although RSV bronchiolitis usually manifests as acute upper respiratory tract infection, more serious disease involving the lower respiratory tract can develop. Preterm infants and those with congenital heart disease (CHD) or chronic lung disease of prematurity (also called ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p542.html

AAP Updates Guidelines on Rotavirus Vaccination - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Feb 15, 2010 - A live, oral human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine (RV5; Rotateq) was approved in 2006, followed by a live, oral human attenuated rotavirus vaccine (RV1; Rotarix) in 2008. Since the licensure of RV1, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated its guidelines on the routine...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p552.html

AAP Doubles Recommended Vitamin D Intake in Children - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 15, 2009 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has doubled the recommended intake of vitamin D to 400 IU per day for infants, children, and adolescents.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0715/p196.html

AHA Releases Recommendations on Cardiovascular Monitoring and the Use of ADHD ...

May 15, 2009 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a scientific statement and recommendations about cardiovascular monitoring and the use of stimulants in children suspected or known to have heart disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p905.html

AAP Responds to AHA Guidelines on Cardiovascular Monitoring Before Starting Stimulants ...

May 15, 2009 - A recent guideline from the American Heart Association (AHA) recommended routine electrocardiography (ECG) in children before they begin pharmacotherapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). That recommendation contradicts evidence-based recommendations from the American ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p910.html

Stimulants, ADHD, and the Heart - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2009 - ...Related Practice Guidelines: AHA Releases Recommendations on Cardiovascular Monitoring and the Use of ADHD Medications in Children with Heart Disease and AAP Responds to AHA Guideline on Cardiovascular Monitoring Before Starting Stimulants for ADHD. I often ask my students, Will two...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p846.html

AAP Clinical Report on Lipid Screening in Children - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2009 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a clinical report in July 2008 that recommends lipid screening in children and adolescents with a fasting lipid profile, and focuses on improving childhood and adolescent lipid and lipoprotein concentrations to lower the lifetime risk of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p703.html

Current Strategies in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Childhood ...

Apr 15, 2009 - Symptoms of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder affect cognitive, academic, behavioral, emotional, social, and developmental functioning. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is the most commonly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorder in children and adolescents. An ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p657.html

Treatment of Otitis Media with Perforated Tympanic Membrane - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Apr 15, 2009 - Acute otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation in children should be treated with an oral antibiotic.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p650.html

ACIP Releases Guideline on Prevention of Pertussis, Tetanus, and Diptheria in Pregnant ...

Mar 15, 2009 - Two tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines were licensed in 2005 for use in adults and adolescents in the United States. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/p513.html

ACIP Releases 2009 Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedules - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 1, 2009 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released the 2009 child and adolescent immunization schedules.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p56.html

AAP Releases Guidelines on Management of Autism Spectrum Disorders - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2008 - Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are generally not curable, and long-term management is required. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released guidelines on management of ASDs.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1399.html

AAP Releases Guidelines on Identification of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders - ...

Dec 1, 2008 - American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released guidelines on identification of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). ASDs represent three of the pervasive developmental disorders defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV): ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/p1301.html

Evaluating Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Nov 1, 2008 - Obesity continues to be a growing public health problem. According to the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 17 percent of persons two to 19 years of age are overweight. The number of obese children and adolescents has tripled in the past 20 years. Obesity in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1052.html

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