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Medicine by the numbers

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Newborn Circumcision Techniques and Medical Ethics - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Jan 15, 2021 - ...are virtually always treatable and are relatively uncommon in boys regardless of circumcision status. The cited report suggests that the number of circumcisions needed to prevent one (likely treatable) UTI is approximately 100. Penile cancer is one of the rarest malignancies for...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p69.html

Antepartum Perineal Massage for Intrapartum Lacerations - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Digital antepartum and intrapartum perineal massage did not decrease perineal lacerations compared with a control group.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p115.html

Icosapent Ethyl (Vascepa) for Hyperlipidemia/Hypercholesterolemia to Reduce Risk of ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Icosapent ethyl is safe, well tolerated and effective in preventing ischemic events including stroke and heart attack.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p117.html

Triple Inhaled Therapy Provides a Small Reduction in Moderate COPD Exacerbations, No ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Triple inhaled therapy, with budesonide (Pulmicort) in a dose of either 160 mcg or 320 mcg daily plus a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and a long-acting beta2 agonist (LABA), reduces moderate exacerbations (a need for an antibiotic or steroid for three or more days) more than ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/od2.html

Waking Up in 2021

As a new year begins, AAFP Board chair Gary LeRoy, M.D., outlines the Academy’s priorities for 2021.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/20210112lv-2021.html

Practical lessons learned from administering COVID vaccine in a small office setting --...

Administering the COVID vaccine takes more effort than doing flu shots. Here are 13 lessons to help you prepare.

Family Practice Management : Quick Tips : FPM Home

https://www.aafp.org/journals/fpm/blogs/inpractice/entry/drive_in_covid_vaccine_clinic.html

Effectiveness of Alarm Therapy in the Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis in Children - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - This review concluded that alarm therapy appears to be effective for treating nocturnal enuresis in children, but it is uncertain if it is more effective than other interventions.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/od1.html

Diagnostic Imaging: Appropriate and Safe Use - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - The use of diagnostic radiography has doubled in the past two decades. Image Gently (children) and Image Wisely (adults) are multidisciplinary initiatives that seek to reduce radiation exposure by eliminating unnecessary procedures and offering best practices. Patients with an estimated...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p42.html

Breast Cancer Screening: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Breast cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in women and accounts for 30% of all new cancers in the United States. The highest incidence of breast cancer is in women 70 to 74 years of age. Numerous risk factors are associated with the development of breast cancer. A risk assessment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p33.html

Treatment of Distal DVT - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Vitamin K antagonists reduce the recurrence of DVT and VTE (number needed to treat [NNT] = 17; 95% CI, 13 to 48) but not pulmonary embolism (PE) compared with no anticoagulation or placebo.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p18.html

Beware of the Differing Definitions for the False-Positive Rate - Letters to the Editor...

Jan 1, 2021 - ...rates in antibody testing in their Letter to the Editor. We agree that testing in low-prevalence populations will result in a large number of false-positive test results. Because multiple definitions of the false-positive rate exist, it is important to state which definition is...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p7.html

CT Colonography for Colorectal Cancer Screening - Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - Computed tomography colonography performs well for colorectal cancer screening. Long-term studies are needed to demonstrate its impact on patient morbidity and mortality, as well as to determine the risks, benefits, and costs.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p55.html

Medications for Treatment-Resistant Depression in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - In patients with treatment-resistant depression, augmenting therapy with atypical antipsychotics can be effective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p16.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2021 - e-Cigarettes with nicotine can be used to encourage smoking cessation, but continued use after cessation may be a risk factor for relapse.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0101/p53.html

Anorexia In the Time of COVID

Disordered eating has increased dramatically during the pandemic. Lalita Abhyankar, M.D., M.H.S., offers an example of virtual visits and team-based care that’s making a difference.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20201217fp-anorexia.html

Peripheral Neuropathy: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Peripheral neuropathy, a common neurologic problem encountered by family physicians, can be classified clinically by the anatomic pattern of presenting symptoms and, if indicated, by results of electrodiagnostic studies for axonal and demyelinating disease. The prevalence of peripheral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p732.html

Acute Chest Pain in Adults: Outpatient Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Approximately 1% of primary care office visits are for chest pain, and 2% to 4% of these patients will have unstable angina or myocardial infarction. Initial evaluation is based on determining whether the patient needs to be referred to a higher level of care to rule out acute coronary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p721.html

Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Degenerative cervical myelopathy encompasses a collection of pathologic conditions that result in progressive spinal cord dysfunction secondary to cord compression. Patients are typically male (3: 1 male-to-female ratio), and the average age of presentation is 64 years. The exact ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p740.html

Headache - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on headaches and related issues, including cluster headaches, migraines, tension-type headaches, and treatment of headaches. This collection features AFP content on headaches and related issues, including cluster headaches, migraines, tension-type ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=10

Lasmiditan (Reyvow) for the Treatment of Acute Migraine - STEPS - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Lasmiditan is a costly alternative to other more extensively studied medications for acute migraine. It should be reserved for those patients who lack relief with other available agents or who cannot tolerate other abortive medications.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p756.html

The (Micro) Economics of Health

In the latest blog installment on his pursuit of a master’s degree in public health, Stewart Decker, M.D., explains how microeconomics affects the way patients and politicians take physicians’ advice.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20201210fp-mph6.html

Telemedicine II: What We’ve Learned So Far

This spring our new physician bloggers told us about their experiences with implementing telemedicine. Several months later, we asked for an update regarding their lessons learned.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20201203fp-telehealth.html

Antibiotics for Uncomplicated Diverticulitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Learn more about the benefits and harms of antibiotics for uncomplicated diverticulitis.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/od2.html

Top POEMs of 2019 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - In this article, we discuss the POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) of 2019 judged to be most consistent with the principles of Choosing Wisely, an international campaign to reduce unnecessary testing and treatments. We selected these POEMs through a crowdsourcing strategy of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p673.html

Parkinson Disease - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Parkinson disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with significant morbidity and mortality. Most patients consult with their primary care physician about Parkinson disease symptoms before seeking care from a specialist. The diagnosis of Parkinson disease is clinical, and key...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p679.html

The 2021 Office Visit Coding Changes: Putting the Pieces Together -- FPM Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Simplified guidelines for coding and documenting evaluation and management office visits are coming next year. Learn how to apply the guidelines to some common visit types.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/1100/p6.html

Point-of-Care Ultrasound: A Practical Guide for Primary Care -- FPM Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Ultrasound has head-to-toe applications for primary care, and the newest machines are portable and affordable enough to fit into almost any practice.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/1100/p33.html

Incorporating Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention Into Practice -- FPM

Dec 1, 2020 - Incorporating alcohol screening and brief intervention benefits your patients and family medicine practice. Follow these steps to reduce risky alcohol use by choosing a screening test, establishing a practice workflow, and appropriately coding and billing.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/1100/p41.html

What Can a Scribe Do for You? -- FPM Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Evidence suggests that documentation support provided by scribes can help relieve physician burnout and increase practice productivity.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/1100/p17.html

Management of Acute Pain from Musculoskeletal Injuries: Guidance for Family Physicians ...

Dec 1, 2020 - Primary care plays a large role in the management of acute pain; therefore, the American College of Physicians and the American Academy of Family Physicians developed a clinical practice guideline for the nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic management of acute pain from non–low back, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p649.html

What Primary Care Physicians Want for Christmas -- FPM Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Dear Santa, all we want is some help to do our jobs.

Family Practice Management : The Last Word

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2020/1100/p52.html

Vaginal Bleeding Decreases over Time with a Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System - POEMs ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Bleeding decreased over time for most women after the insertion of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p693.html

Correcting CMS’ Suggested Correction for Value-based Systems

Here’s what CMS Administrator Seema Verma’s recent op-ed gets wrong about accountable care organizations and value-based models.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20201124itt-vbs.html

A different way to measure primary care performance -- FPM

The Person-Centered Primary Care Measure survey has a low data collection burden for physicians.

Family Practice Management : Getting Paid : FPM Home

https://www.aafp.org/journals/fpm/blogs/gettingpaid/entry/pcpcm_survey.html

ADHD in Children: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a multidimensional chronic neurodevelopmental condition that affects 8.4% of U.S. children between two and 17 years of age and may pose long-term morbidity if untreated. The evaluation for ADHD begins when parents or caregivers present ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p592.html

Low-Dose Aspirin Beneficial for the Prevention of Preterm Birth in Nulliparous Patients... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - The routine use of low-dose aspirin, 81 mg daily, starting as early as six weeks' gestational age provided a statistically significant absolute risk reduction (nearly 2 percentage points) in the incidence of preterm birth among nulliparous patients with singleton gestation in ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od4.html

A Specific Probiotic Decreases Crying in Infants Younger than Two Months with Colic - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Is probiotic supplementation effective in decreasing crying in infants with colic?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od5.html

Antibiotic and Corticosteroid Treatment Effective for Acute Exacerbations of COPD - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Short-term antibiotic treatment and short-term systemic corticosteroids are both associated with a faster resolution of COPD symptoms and fewer treatment failures.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od2.html

Compensation & Productivity -- FPM Topic Collection

Nov 11, 2020 - ...04/01/2020 Panel Size Is Just a Number: A Rubric for Opening and Closing Panels 05/01/2002 A Productivity Primer 12/01/2019 The Right-Sized Patient Panel: A Practical Way to Make Adjustments for Acuity and Complexity 06/01/2019 Seven Habits for Reducing Work After Clinic...

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=119

Rallying My Community to Fight COVID-19, Inequity

When faculty at the Duke University School of Medicine recognized the disproportionate toll COVID-19 was taking on North Carolina’s Hispanic population, they mobilized stakeholders to address the inequity.

AAFP News : FPs on the Front Lines: Meeting the Challenge | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/fpsonfrontlines/entry/20201111fl-latin19.html

FPs in Advocacy Don’t Need to Reinvent the Wheel

Stewart Decker, M.D., writes in the Fresh Perspectives blog that the key to getting involved in public health is identifying the people who are working on issues you care about and offering your expertise.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20201104fp-smokeadvocacy.html

Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Acute bronchitis is a lower respiratory tract infection, most commonly viral, that accounts for a significant number of health care visits. This review discusses the benefits and harms of antibiotics for acute bronchitis or acute productive cough.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/od2.html

Gout: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Gout is caused by monosodium urate crystal deposition in joints and tissues. Risk factors include male sex; obesity; hypertension; alcohol intake; diuretic use; a diet rich in meat and seafood; chronic kidney disease; a diet heavy in fructose-rich food and beverages; being a member of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p533.html

Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on atrial fibrillation and related issues, including anticoagulation therapy, antiplatelet therapy, arrhythmias, and palpitations. This collection features AFP content on atrial fibrillation and related issues, including anticoagulation therapy, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=33

Metformin to Prevent Diabetes in Patients at Increased Risk - Cochrane for Clinicians -... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - In patients at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, metformin reduces the risk (number needed to treat [NNT] = 7; 95% CI, 6 to 10) compared with counseling on standard diet and exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p531.html

Pregnancy Taught Me How to ‘Lean Out’

In the midst of a difficult pregnancy, MaryAnn Dakkak, M.D., M.S.P.H., writes that female physicians don’t always address their own needs, and she shares her personal story.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20201029fp-leanout.html

We Must Ensure New Tech Works for FPs

AAFP President Ada Stewart, M.D., offers an update on the Academy’s EHR project, and urges members to embrace innovation and participate in the development of new technologies.

AAFP News : A Word From the President : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/wordfrompresident/entry/20201016lv-tech.html

We Must Ensure New Tech Works for FPs

AAFP President Ada Stewart, M.D., offers an update on the Academy’s EHR project, and urges members to embrace innovation and participate in the development of new technologies.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/20201016lv-tech.html

Outpatient Management of COVID-19: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2020 - Common presenting symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 include fever, dry cough, shortness of breath, and fatigue. However, patients may have a wide range of symptoms representing a spectrum of mild to severe illness. Symptoms in children tend to be milder and may include fever, cough, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p478.html

Formal Training in POCUS Can Positively Impact Family Medicine Practices - Letters to ...

Oct 15, 2020 - Letters to the Editor from AFP readers regarding previously published articles.

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1015/p454.html

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