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Medicine by the numbers

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Prevention and Treatment of Overweight in Children and Adolescents - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2004 - Overweight in childhood and adolescence is an important public health issue because of its rapidly increasing prevalence and associated adverse medical and social consequences. Recent studies have estimated that 15 percent of children in the United States are at risk for overweight, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2591.html

Prevention and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases: An Update - American Family ...

Dec 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently published revised guidelines for the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. One new treatment strategy is the use of azithromycin as a primary, rather than alternative, medication for pregnant women with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1827.html

Prevention of Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S....

Dec 15, 2012 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends exercise or physical therapy and vitamin D supplementation to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults 65 years or older who are at increased risk of falls.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/od3.html

Prevention of Falls in Older Patients - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - Falls are one of the most common geriatric syndromes threatening the independence of older persons. Between 30 and 40 percent of community-dwelling adults older than 65 years fall each year, and the rates are higher for nursing home residents. Falls are associated with increased ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p81.html

Prevention of Herpes Zoster in Older Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Nov 1, 2013 - The herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine has demonstrated effectiveness in preventing shingles in older adults. Vaccination benefit was greater in persons 60 to 69 years of age than in those 70 years and older. Local injection site reactions were common.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p578.html

Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

Prevention of Meningococcal Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - Invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis has an average annual incidence of one case per 100,000 in the United States. The disease can be rapidly fatal or result in severe neurologic and vascular sequelae despite antibiotic therapy. Antibiotic chemoprophylaxis with rifampin, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2049.html

Prevention of Osteoporosis and Fractures - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Osteoporosis and low bone density are associated with a risk of fracture as a result of even minimally traumatic events. The estimated lifetime risk of osteoporotic fracture is as high as 50 percent, especially in white and Asian women. The use of caffeine, tobacco and steroids is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p194.html

Prevention of Unintentional Childhood Injury - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2013 - Unintentional injury accounts for 40 percent of childhood deaths annually, most commonly from motor vehicle crashes. The proper use of child restraints is the most effective strategy to prevent injury or death. Motor vehicle restraint guidelines have recently been revised to an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p502.html

Preventive Health Care for Men Who Have Sex with Men - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2015 - Men who have sex with men (MSM) comprise at least 4% of males in the United States. MSM may describe themselves as gay, bisexual, or heterosexual. Because current medical practice does not always facilitate discussion of sexual behaviors, this group of men may face barriers to receiving...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p844.html

Preventive Health Care for Women Who Have Sex with Women - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p314.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Preventive Therapy for Diabetes: Lifestyle Changes and the Primary Care Physician - ...

Jan 15, 2004 - ...MARTIN S. LIPSKY, M.D., and LISA K. SHARP, PH.D., Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jan 15;69(2):269-273. During the past decade, the United States has been part of the worldwide epidemic of obesity and diabetes. From 1990...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p269.html

Primary Care for Lesbians and Bisexual Women - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - For the most part, lesbians and bisexual women face the same health issues as heterosexual women, but they often have difficulty accessing appropriate care. Physicians can improve care for lesbians and bisexual women by acknowledging the potential barriers to care (e.g., hesitancy of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p279.html

Primary Care for Persons Who Inject Drugs - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - More than 750,000 persons in the United States inject opioids, methamphetamine, cocaine, or ketamine, and that number is increasing because of the current opioid epidemic. Persons who inject drugs (PWID) are at higher risk of infectious and noninfectious skin, pulmonary, cardiac, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p109.html

Primary Care of International Adoptees - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - International adoptees are presenting to family physicians with increasing frequency. U.S. citizens have adopted over 100,000 international children since 1979. Prospective parents may seek advice from their physician during the adoptive process. If available at all, medical information...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2025.html

Primary Prevention of Child Abuse - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - In 1993, the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect declared a child protection emergency. Between 1985 and 1993, there was a 50 percent increase in reported cases of child abuse. Three million cases of child abuse are reported in the United States each year. Treatment of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1577.html

Probiotics for the Prevention of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - Medicine by the ...

Oct 1, 2015 - Studies show that probiotics prevented 1 in 8 upper respiratory tract infections and caused no harms. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/od1.html

Promoting and Prescribing Exercise in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Regular exercise provides a myriad of health benefits in older adults, including improvements in blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profile, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive function. Regular physical activity is also associated with decreased mortality and age-related ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p419.html

Proper Use of Child Safety Seats - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Motor vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death in children one to 14 years of age. Used correctly, child safety seats significantly reduce child morbidity and mortality. Although many parents know child safety seats are important, more than 80 percent of seats are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2085.html

Prophylactic Vaccination Against Human Papillomavirus to Prevent Cervical Cancer and ...

Jan 1, 2019 - HPV vaccination in women 15 to 26 years of age prevents the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and CIN 3 in women regardless of previous HPV exposure (number needed to treat [NNT] = 39). No serious adverse effects are associated with administration of the HPV ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p15.html

Prostate Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2015 - Among American men, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing has been used to screen for prostate cancer for more than 25 years, the test has low sensitivity and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1015/p683.html

Prostate Cancer Screening: Let Patients Decide - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2008 - ...MICHAEL LEFEVRE, MD, MSPH, University of Missouri–Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri Am Fam Physician. 2008 Dec 15;78(12):1338. Related Article A more recent editorial on prostate cancer screening is available. This issue includes a well-done review of the controversy...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1338.html

Prostate Cancer Screening: The Continuing Controversy - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2008 - Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, with a lifetime prevalence of 17 percent. Prostate cancer symptoms generally occur in advanced stages, making early detection desirable. Digital rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen testing are the most commonly used ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1215/p1377.html

Protecting American Families from Injury - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2004 - ...and Control will celebrate its 12th anniversary. The vision of the Injury Center, which was founded in 1992 in response to an Institute of Medicine report, is to apply public health methods toward prevention and control of injuries. The anniversary provides an opportunity to review...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/p2313.html

Protecting the Health and Safety of Working Teenagers - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - More than one third of high school students work during the school year, and many more are employed during the summer months. Teenage workers face a variety of health and safety hazards. Occupational injury and illness are largely preventable, and family physicians can play a crucial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p575.html

PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - Studies show no deaths were prevented and 1 in 5 underwent a prostate biopsy for a false-positive test. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/od3.html

Quadrivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Gardasil) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer -...

Aug 15, 2007 - The HPV vaccine is safe and effective in preventing genital warts and cervical changes that may lead to cervical cancer, and it is recommended as part of the vaccination series in females 11 to 12 years of age. It can be given to females as young as 9 or 10 years of age, and catch-up ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p573.html

Raloxifene for Prevention of Osteoporotic Fractures - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Jul 1, 2005 - Raloxifene (60 mg daily for three years) will prevent one vertebral fracture, including asymptomatic fractures, for every 46 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or presence of previous vertebral fractures. Raloxifene has not been shown to prevent nonvertebral fractures. It is unclear...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p132.html

Realistic Approaches to Counseling in the Office Setting - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2009 - Although it is often unrecognized, family physicians provide a significant amount of mental health care in the United States. Time is one of the major obstacles to providing counseling in primary care. Counseling approaches developed specifically for ambulatory patients and traditional ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0215/p277.html

Recognition and Management of Vitamin D Deficiency - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - Vitamin D deficiency affects persons of all ages. Common manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are symmetric low back pain, proximal muscle weakness, muscle aches, and throbbing bone pain elicited with pressure over the sternum or tibia. A 25-hydroxyvitamin D level should be obtained ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p841.html

Recognizing Occupational Disease-Taking an Effective Occupational History - American ...

Sep 15, 1998 - Occupational exposures contribute to the morbidity and mortality of many diseases. However, occupational diseases continue to be underrecognized even though they are responsible for an estimated 860,000 illnesses and 60,300 deaths each year. Family physicians can play an important role ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p935.html

Recognizing Occupational Illnesses and Injuries - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Given the burden of occupational illnesses and injuries in the United States, family physicians should understand the role workplace exposures may play in patients' chief concerns. Incorporating employment screening questions into patients' intake questionnaires is an efficient means of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p169.html

Recommendations for Preconception Care - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - Every woman of reproductive age who is capable of becoming pregnant is a candidate for preconception care, regardless of whether she is planning to conceive. Preconception care is aimed at identifying and modifying biomedical, behavioral, and social risks through preventive and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p397.html

Recommended Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule, United States, 2003 and ...

Jan 1, 2003 - The 2003 Recommended Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule is now available, and includes a harmonized catch-up schedule for children who are behind in immunizations. The catch-up schedule offers specific guidance regarding the minimum time between doses as well as the number ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p188.html

Recurrent Ischemic Stroke: Strategies for Prevention - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2017 - Recurrent strokes make up almost 25% of the nearly 800,000 strokes that occur annually in the United States. Risk factors for ischemic stroke include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, sleep apnea, and obesity. Lifestyle modifications, including tobacco cessation, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p436.html

Reducing the Risk of SIDS Through Community Partnerships - Editorials - American Family...

Jul 15, 2005 - ...in the United States has declined by more than 50 percent. When the campaign began, more than 5,000 infants died of SIDS each year; now the number is fewer than 2,500.1 A diagnosis of SIDS is given when the sudden death of an infant younger than one year remains unexplained even...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p228.html

Reducing Tobacco Use in Adolescents - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2008 - After steadily decreasing since the late 1990s, adolescent smoking rates have stabilized at levels well above national goals. Experts recommend screening for tobacco use and exposure at every patient visit, although evidence of improved outcomes in adolescents is lacking. Counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p483.html

Relationships and Routines in Preventive Service Delivery - Editorials - American ...

Nov 1, 2000 - ...KURT C. STANGE, M.D., PH.D.Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio Am Fam Physician. 2000 Nov 1;62(9):1984-1990. Related Content The Policy Center One-Pager published in this issue1 contains take-home lessons for family physicians and challenges for...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p1984.html

Rotavirus Vaccine, Live, Oral, Pentavalent (Rotateq) for Prevention of Rotavirus ...

Sep 15, 2006 - Although costly, rotavirus pentavalent vaccine has been shown to be safe, with no increased risk of intussusception. It also has shown to reduce the need for hospitalization and emergency department visits connected with rotavirus gastroenteritis, decrease office visits associated with ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p1014.html

Routine Aspirin or Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs for the Primary Prevention of ...

Jul 1, 2007 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on routine aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for the primary prevention of colorectal cancer and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p109.html

Routine Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease: ...

Dec 15, 2003 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on routine vitamin supplementation to prevent cancer and cardiovascular disease and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2422.html

Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions in Primary Care to Reduce Alcohol ...

Jul 15, 2004 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on behavioral counseling interventions to reduce alcohol misuse in primary care patients and the supporting evidence, and it updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p353.html

Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Alcohol Use in ...

Jun 15, 2019 - A 20-year-old male with a history of exercise-induced asthma presents to your office for his yearly physical. He is a student at the local university and is on the university fencing team. When asked about his classwork, he expresses that college is going okay but can be stressful ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p771.html

Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Alcohol Use in ...

Jun 15, 2019 - The USPSTF recommends screening for unhealthy alcohol use in primary care settings in adults 18 years or older, including pregnant women, and providing persons engaged in risky or hazardous drinking with brief behavioral counseling interventions to reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/od1.html

Screening and Counseling Adolescents and Young Adults: A Framework for Comprehensive ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Healthy development is likely to occur when an adolescent’s risk factors are limited and when protective factors are fostered. Healthy development is further encouraged when youth feel valued, empowered, and form healthy social connections. Threats to the well-being of adolescents ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p147.html

Screening and Interventions for Overweight in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation ...

Jan 1, 2006 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening and interventions for overweight in children and adolescents and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p115.html

Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurism - Putting Prevention into Practice - American ...

Jun 1, 2005 - Case study: M.G., a 70-year-old black man, requests refills for his medicines. His medications include lisinopril, atorvastatin, glipizide, and daily aspirin. He smoked heavily when he was younger but quit about 15 years ago. He also asks that you order whatever tests should be done at ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2154.html

Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive ...

Jun 1, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2d ed.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2144.html

Screening for Atrial Fibrillation with Electrocardiography: Recommendation Statement - ...

Mar 15, 2019 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for atrial fibrillation with electrocardiography.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od1.html

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