Search Results for

Medicine by the numbers

301-350 of 370 Results
Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

ACS Guideline for the Early Detection of Cervical Cancer - Editorials - American Family...

Apr 15, 2003 - ...about the risks of HPV infection remains a priority. The recommendation to restrict HPV testing to women age 30 and older would reduce the number of women referred for colposcopy because of transient HPV infection. The ACS guideline also provides relevant recommendations for...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1677.html

Counseling for Physical Activity in Overweight and Obese Patients - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2003 - Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. More than 60 percent of U.S. adults are now overweight or obese (defined as at least 30 lb [13.6 kg] overweight), predisposing more than 97 million Americans to a host of chronic diseases and conditions. Physical activity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1249.html

Screening for Prostate Cancer - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2003 - This is the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for prostate cancer and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p787.html

A Mother Who Refuses to Vaccinate Her Child - Curbside Consultation - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2003 - Physicians may find it incredible that some parents are reluctant to immunize their children despite the tremendous successes of vaccines in decreasing the morbidity and mortality of childhood diseases.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p651.html

Are Low-Fat Diets Better than Other Weight-Reducing Diets in Achieving Long-Term Weight...

Feb 1, 2003 - Low-fat diets are no better than low-calorie diets in achieving weight loss in overweight or obese people. In studies, the average weight loss after 18 months on either diet was less than 5 lb.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p507.html

Postmenopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic ...

Jan 15, 2003 - These are the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the primary prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p358.html

Recommended Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule, United States, 2003 and ...

Jan 1, 2003 - The 2003 Recommended Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule is now available, and includes a harmonized catch-up schedule for children who are behind in immunizations. The catch-up schedule offers specific guidance regarding the minimum time between doses as well as the number ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p188.html

The Mammography Debate - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2002 - ...This translates into 333 women who need to be screened to prevent one death; the number of women older than age 40 who need to be screened is more than 1,000. This is not much different than the number needed to screen for cervical or colorectal cancer, but it highlights the need to...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2211.html

Screening for Colorectal Cancer: Recommendation and Rationale - U.S. Preventive ...

Dec 15, 2002 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for colorectal cancer and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, Second Edition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1215/p2287.html

Vaccine Adverse Events: Separating Myth from Reality - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - Vaccines have turned many childhood diseases into distant memories in industrialized countries. However, questions have been raised about the safety of some vaccines because of rare but serious adverse effects that have been attributed to them. Pain, swelling, and redness at the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2113.html

Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Putting Prevention into ...

Nov 1, 2002 - Case study: ST is a 55-year-old man who you see regularly for hypertension and depression. He is overweight and sedentary, and his elder sister recently had a heart attack. He asks you whether he should take a daily aspirin, just in case.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1737.html

Screening for Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women: Recommendations and Rationale - ...

Oct 15, 2002 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for osteoporosis and the supporting scientific evidence, and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, Second Edition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1430.html

Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

Obesity - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - What are the effects of drug treatments for obesity in adults?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1279.html

Screening for Depression Across the Lifespan: A Review of Measures for Use in Primary ...

Sep 15, 2002 - Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly. Primary care physicians, not mental health professionals, treat the majority of patients with symptoms of depression. Persons who are depressed have feelings of sadness, loneliness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p1001.html

Should We Use Multiple Risk Factor Interventions for the Primary Prevention of Coronary...

Jul 15, 2002 - In hypertensive patients at high risk for coronary artery disease, multiple risk factor reduction interventions reduce risk factors and mortality. In other patients, multiple risk factor reduction interventions reduce total cholesterol levels, blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p245.html

Screening for Chlamydial Infection - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family...

Jul 1, 2002 - Case study: TC is a 24-year-old woman who comes to your office for a well-woman visit. Her last physical examination was at age 16 with her pediatrician. She has been sexually active since the age of 15 and has had three lifetime partners.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p139.html

Proper Use of Child Safety Seats - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Motor vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death in children one to 14 years of age. Used correctly, child safety seats significantly reduce child morbidity and mortality. Although many parents know child safety seats are important, more than 80 percent of seats are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2085.html

Children, Physical Activity, and Public Health: Another Call to Action - Editorials - ...

Mar 15, 2002 - ...While schools have historically provided opportunities for physical activity, cutbacks in space and funding have drastically reduced the number of children who participate in daily physical education classes. Additionally, during physical education classes and recess, children...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1033.html

Promoting and Prescribing Exercise in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Regular exercise provides a myriad of health benefits in older adults, including improvements in blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profile, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive function. Regular physical activity is also associated with decreased mortality and age-related ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p419.html

Can Reduced or Modified Dietary Fat Prevent Cardiovascular Disease? - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2002 - Reducing or modifying the amount or type of fat in a patient's diet and replacing it with polyunsaturated fats will not significantly reduce the risk of death from all causes of cardiovascular disease but could reduce the risk of an important cardiovascular disease event by 16 percent. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p53.html

The New U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2001 - ...the EPCs conduct a comprehensive analysis of the research literature using state-of-the-art standards of evidence, and solicit input from a number of federal and private reviewers. The USPSTF uses the reviews and comments, but guards its independence by separating the evidence...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1215/p1945.html

Counseling for Tobacco Cessation - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2001 - Case study: JT is a 54-year-old man who presents for a follow-up office visit. He requests refills on his prescriptions for enalapril and atorvastatin. You are aware that he is a smoker. Before you can initiate a discussion about his tobacco use, he excitedly reports that he has set a ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1881.html

New Tests for Cervical Cancer Screening - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - The Papanicolaou (Pap) smear has been used to screen women for cervical cancer since 1940. Recently, a number of new technologies have been developed to improve the detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. However, there is substantial controversy about whether the new tests ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p780.html

Should We Recommend Nicotine Replacement Therapy? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jun 1, 2001 - Yes. The patient is highly nicotine-dependent, and for smokers with moderate to severe nicotine dependence, nicotine replacement therapy with or without bupropion should be offered as part of an intensive program of physician advice, counseling and follow-up. This answer is based on an ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2245.html

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine for Young Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - Streptococcus pneumoniae causes approximately 3,300 cases of meningitis, 100,000 to 135,000 cases of pneumonia requiring hospitalization and 6 million cases of otitis media annually in the United States. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, approved in 2000 for use in the United States, was ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1991.html

Vaccine Policy Decisions: Tension Between Science, Cost-Effectiveness and Consensus? - ...

May 15, 2001 - ...University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania RUDOLPH E. JACKSON, M.D. Morehouse School of Medicine Atlanta, Georgia Am Fam Physician. 2001 May 15;63(10):1919-1924. Related Article The article Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine for Young Children in this issue...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1919.html

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention: What's Different for Women? - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2001 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women, as well as an important cause of disability, although many women and their physicians underestimate the risk. Exercise, hypertension treatment, smoking cessation and aspirin therapy are effective measures for the primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1393.html

Cancer Screening in Perspective - Editorials - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - ...However, the number needed to screen (analogous to the number needed to treat in therapeutic trials, calculated as the reciprocal of the ARR)9 provides a better method of expressing the effectiveness of a screening intervention.10 Numbers needed to screen (i.e., the number of...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1039.html

Osteoporosis: Part I. Evaluation and Assessment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2001 - Osteoporosis afflicts 75 million persons in the United States, Europe and Japan and results in more than 1.3 million fractures annually in the United States. Because osteoporosis is usually asymptomatic until a fracture occurs, family physicians must identify the appropriate timing and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0301/p897.html

Smoking Cessation: Still Looking for a Miracle - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - ...hundreds of millions of dollars have been spent and thousands of articles have been written on these topics, yet in our lifetime, all medicine's efforts have at best made a minimal impact on global tobacco consumption. I would not want to be misunderstood; the one-on-one encounter...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p626.html

Screening for Cancer: Evaluating the Evidence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - Many patients expect to undergo screening tests for cancer. In evaluating screening procedures, physicians must take into account the known effects of lead time, length and screening biases, all of which can result in an overestimation of the benefits of screening. The gold standard by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p513.html

The Science and Politics of Cancer Screening - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - ...large reduction in cervical cancer mortality attributable to the use of Papanicolaou smears. However, it is sobering to consider the large number of patients that must be screened for 10 years to prevent just one death (1,140 patients in the case of Pap smears, according to Gates1)....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p441.html

Our Role as Family Physicians in Vaccine Safety - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2001 - ...RICHARD K. ZIMMERMAN, M.D., M.P.H., University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania RICHARD D. CLOVER, M.D., University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky Am Fam Physician. 2001 Jan 15;63(2):207-208. The success of the childhood immunization...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p207.html

The 2001 Recommended Childhood Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2001 - The collaboration of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) continues with the 2001 Recommended Childhood Immunization Schedule.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0101/p151.html

Relationships and Routines in Preventive Service Delivery - Editorials - American ...

Nov 1, 2000 - ...KURT C. STANGE, M.D., PH.D.Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio Am Fam Physician. 2000 Nov 1;62(9):1984-1990. Related Content The Policy Center One-Pager published in this issue1 contains take-home lessons for family physicians and challenges for...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p1984.html

Medical Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - Obesity is one of the most common medical problems in the United States and a risk factor for illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes, degenerative arthritis and myocardial infarction. It is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality and generates great social and financial costs. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p419.html

Successful Management of the Obese Patient - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - Obesity is a chronic disease that affects a substantial number of Americans. Obesity significantly increases a person's risk of cardiovascular diseases and morbidity. Modification of lifestyle behaviors that contribute to obesity (e.g., inappropriate diet and inactivity) is the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3615.html

Bisphosphonates: Safety and Efficacy in the Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis - ...

May 1, 2000 - Osteoporosis affects more than 28 million Americans. With the advent of accessible and affordable diagnostic studies, awareness and recognition of this disease by patients and clinicians are growing. Osteoporotic fractures of the spine and hip are costly and associated with significant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2731.html

Medical Surveillance in Work-Site Safety and Health Programs - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - Businesses frequently call on family physicians to provide employee health services at the work site or in the clinician's office. These services include medical screening (detection of dysfunction or disease before an employee would ordinarily seek medical care) and medical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2785.html

Update on the Prevention and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseasess - American ...

Jan 15, 2000 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. The guidelines include the following information: recommendations for hepatitis A immunization and expanded indications for hepatitis B vaccination; updated ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p379.html

The Older Adult Driver - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2000 - More adults aged 65 and older will be driving in the next few decades. Many older drivers are safe behind the wheel and do not need intensive testing for license renewal. Others, however, have physiologic or cognitive impairments that can affect their mobility and driving safety. When ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p141.html

The 2000 Harmonized Immunization Schedule - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2000 - The collaboration of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) continues with the 2000 harmonized immunization schedule

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p232.html

The Physician's Role in the Assessment of Older Drivers - Editorials - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2000 - ...As the number of older drivers in the United States increases, concern about the potential implications for safety and mobility is growing. The roles and responsibilities of the driver, the family, the licensing agency and the physician in the process of determining who should or...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p39.html

Lowering the Age for Routine Influenza Vaccination to 50 Years: AAFP Leads the Nation ...

Nov 1, 1999 - The American Academy of Family Physicians now recommends that all persons 50 years of age and older receive an annual influenza vaccination, because the rates of morbidity and mortality associated with influenza are high and vaccination is cost-effective. Reasons for lowering the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2061.html

Medical Advice for Commercial Air Travelers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - Family physicians are often asked to advise patients who are preparing to travel. The Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 has enabled more passengers with medical disabilities to choose air travel. All domestic U.S. airlines are required to carry basic (but often limited) medical equipment, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p801.html

Protecting the Health and Safety of Working Teenagers - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - More than one third of high school students work during the school year, and many more are employed during the summer months. Teenage workers face a variety of health and safety hazards. Occupational injury and illness are largely preventable, and family physicians can play a crucial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p575.html

Prevention of Osteoporosis and Fractures - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Osteoporosis and low bone density are associated with a risk of fracture as a result of even minimally traumatic events. The estimated lifetime risk of osteoporotic fracture is as high as 50 percent, especially in white and Asian women. The use of caffeine, tobacco and steroids is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p194.html

Malaria Prevention in Travelers - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - The prevention of malaria in travelers is becoming a more challenging clinical and public health problem because of the global development of drug-resistant Plasmodium strains of malaria and the increasing popularity of travel to exotic locales. Travelers can reduce their risk of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2523.html

Combination Vaccines for Childhood Immunization - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - An increasing number of new and improved vaccines to prevent childhood diseases are being introduced. Combination vaccines represent one solution to the problem of increased numbers of injections during single clinic visits. This statement provides general guidance on the use of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2565.html

25 50 100 results per page