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Medicine by the numbers

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Respiratory Distress in the Newborn - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - The most common etiology of neonatal respiratory distress is transient tachypnea of the newborn; this is triggered by excessive lung fluid, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously. Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p987.html

Perioperative Beta Blockers - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2016 - Studies show that 1 in 72 patients had a nonfatal myocardial infarction prevents while harm end points included nonfatal stroke, hypotension, and bradycardia. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/od1.html

Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2016 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. One-third of these deaths may be preventable through healthy lifestyle choices including diet and physical activity. The Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality, whereas the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p919.html

Topical NSAIDs for Acute Musculoskeletal Pain in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Studies show that patients had improved pain control with diclofenac gel, ketoprofen gel, and ibuprofen gel with no increase in local or systemic adverse events. See why.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/od1.html

Common Types of Supraventricular Tachycardia: Diagnosis and Management - American ...

Oct 15, 2010 - The most common types of supraventricular tachycardia are caused by a reentry phenomenon producing accelerated heart rates. Symptoms may include palpitations (pulsation in the neck), chest pain, lightheadedness or dizziness, and dyspnea. It is unusual for supraventricular tachycardia to...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p942.html

Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Throat - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Foreign bodies in the ear, nose, and throat are occasionally seen in family medicine, usually in children. The most common foreign bodies are food, plastic toys, and small household items. Diagnosis is often delayed because the causative event is usually unobserved, the symptoms are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1185.html

Diabetic Nephropathy--The Family Physician's Role - American Family Physician

May 1, 2012 - Nearly one-half of persons with chronic kidney disease have diabetes mellitus. Diabetes accounted for 44 percent of new cases of kidney failure in 2008. Diabetic nephropathy, also called diabetic kidney disease, is associated with significant macrovascular risk, and is the leading cause...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0501/p883.html

Care of Incarcerated Patients - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any nation in the world. Approximately 870 of every 100,000 U.S. citizens are currently in jails or prisons. U.S. inmates are disproportionately young males, racial and ethnic minorities, and persons of low socioeconomic status. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/p577.html

Cardiac Rehabilitation: Improving Function and Reducing Risk - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - Cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive multidisciplinary program individually tailored to the needs of patients with cardiovascular disease. The overall goals focus on improving daily function and reducing cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiac rehabilitation includes interventions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p37.html

Ibuprofen for Treatment of Episodic Tension-Type Headaches - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

May 1, 2016 - Studies show that 1 in 14 patients were parin-free at two hours and none experienced adverse events. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/od1.html

Evaluation of Syncope - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2011 - Syncope is a transient and abrupt loss of consciousness with complete return to preexisting neurologic function. It is classified as neurally mediated (i.e., carotid sinus hypersensitivity, situational, or vasovagal), cardiac, orthostatic, or neurogenic. Older adults are more likely to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p640.html

Hepatitis (and Other Liver Diseases) - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other liver disease, including cirrhosis, chronic liver failure, hemochromatosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=38

Thrombocytopenia - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2012 - Thrombocytopenia is defined as a platelet count of less than 150 × 103 per µL. It is often discovered incidentally when obtaining a complete blood count during an office visit. The etiology usually is not obvious, and additional investigation is required. Patients with platelet counts ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p612.html

Health Literacy in Primary Care Practice - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2015 - Health literacy includes a set of skills needed to make appropriate health decisions and successfully navigate the health care system. These skills include reading, writing, numeracy, communication, and, increasingly, the use of electronic technology. National data indicate that more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0715/p118.html

Diagnosis and Management of Dehydration in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2009 - The most useful individual signs for identifying dehydration in children are prolonged capillary refill time, abnormal skin turgor, and abnormal respiratory pattern. However, clinical dehydration scales based on a combination of physical examination findings are better predictors than ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1001/p692.html

Evaluation of Scrotal Masses - American Family Physician

May 1, 2014 - Scrotal masses are caused by a variety of disorders, ranging from benign conditions to those requiring emergent surgical intervention. Painful scrotal masses require urgent evaluation. Characteristics that suggest testicular torsion include rapid symptom onset, nausea and vomiting, high...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p723.html

Corticosteroids for Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2016 - Studies show that 1 in 20 patients avoided mechanical ventilation and 1 in 16 patients avoided ARDS; 1 in 29 patients developed hyperglycemia requiring treatment. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/od1.html

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Acute Asthma - Medicine by the ...

Apr 1, 2016 - Studies show there were no patient-important benefits and no hospital admissions were prevented. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p552.html

Management of Blood Glucose with Noninsulin Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Jul 1, 2015 - A comprehensive, collaborative approach is necessary for optimal treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Treatment guidelines focus on nutrition, exercise, and pharmacologic therapies to prevent and manage complications. Patients with prediabetes or new-onset diabetes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p27.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2015 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2016 - In 2015, a group of primary care clinicians with expertise in evidence-based practice performed monthly surveillance of more than 110 English-language clinical research journals. They identified 251 studies that addressed a primary care question and had the potential to change practice ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p756.html

Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions for which patients seek medical care. Subtypes of rhinosinusitis include acute, subacute, recurrent acute, and chronic. Acute rhinosinusitis is further specified as bacterial or viral. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1057.html

Effectiveness of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for Irritable Bowel Syndrome -...

Nov 1, 2015 - Studies show that 1 in 4 had improved bloating and stool consistency, and less interference with daily life, while only 1 in 9 experiences medication related adverse effects. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/od1.html

Urticaria: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Urticaria involves intensely pruritic, raised wheals, with or without edema of the deeper cutis. It is usually a self-limited, benign reaction, but can be chronic. Rarely, it may represent serious systemic disease or a life-threatening allergic reaction. Urticaria has a lifetime ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1078.html

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American ...

Oct 15, 2010 - There are an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repairs in the United States each year. Most ACL tears occur from noncontact injuries. Women experience ACL tears up to nine times more often than men. Evaluation of the ACL should be performed immediately after ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p917.html

Diagnosing and Treating Hair Loss - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - Physicians should be careful not to underestimate the emotional impact of hair loss for some patients. Patients may present with focal patches of hair loss or more diffuse hair loss, which may include predominant hair thinning or increased hair shedding. Focal hair loss can be further ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p356.html

Gabapentin for Chronic Neuropathic Pain - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2015 - Studies show that 1 in 6 patients were helped with diabetic neuropathy and 1 in 8 were helped with postherpetic neuralgia. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/od1.html

Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy (SORT): A Patient-Centered Approach to Grading ...

Feb 1, 2004 - A large number of taxonomies are used to rate the quality of an individual study and the strength of a recommendation based on a body of evidence. We have developed a new grading scale that will be used by several family medicine and primary care journals (required or optional), with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p548.html

Diagnostic Imaging of Acute Abdominal Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2015 - Acute abdominal pain is a common presentation in the outpatient setting and can represent conditions ranging from benign to life-threatening. If the patient history, physical examination, and laboratory testing do not identify an underlying cause of pain and if serious pathology remains...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p452.html

Osteoporosis - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on osteoporosis and related issues, including calcium supplementation, fracture prevention, hip fracture, radiologic bone assessment, and vitamin D deficiency. This collection features AFP content on osteoporosis and related issues, including calcium...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=20

Inborn Errors of Metabolism: From Preconception to Adulthood - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2019 - Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), although individually rare, occur in 1 out of every 1,500 births. The first opportunity to detect IEM occurs during preconception counseling, when pregnant women and couples considering future pregnancies can undergo carrier screening. For individuals ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p25.html

Schizophrenia - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2014 - Schizophrenia is the most common psychotic disease, with a global prevalence of less than 1%. It affects all ethnicities and is slightly more common in men. Patients with schizophrenia commonly experience debilitating social and occupational impairments, but some are able to function ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1201/p775.html

Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks. This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=24

Disability Evaluations: More Than Completing a Form - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2015 - According to the World Health Organization, more than 1 billion persons worldwide have a disability. In the United States, more than 56 million American workers have some form of disability; of these, more than 38 million persons have a severe disability. Blacks and Hispanics are among ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p102.html

Diagnostic Approach to Chronic Constipation in Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - Constipation is traditionally defined as three or fewer bowel movements per week. Risk factors for constipation include female sex, older age, inactivity, low caloric intake, low-fiber diet, low income, low educational level, and taking a large number of medications. Chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p299.html

Diagnosis and Management of Physical Abuse in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2013 - Child abuse is the third leading cause of death in children between one and four years of age, and almost 20% of child homicide victims have contact with a health care professional within a month of their death. Therefore, family physicians are in an ideal position to detect and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p669.html

Primary Care of the Solid Organ Transplant Recipient - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2016 - The advancing science of transplantation has led to more transplants and longer survival. As a result, primary care physicians are more involved in the care of transplant recipients. Immunosuppressive therapy has significantly decreased rates of transplant rejection but accounts for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p203.html

Substance Abuse - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2020 - ...03/01/2017 Buprenorphine Maintenance vs. Placebo for Opioid Dependence [Medicine by the Numbers] 01/01/2017 Alpha-adrenergic Agonists for the Management of Opioid Withdrawal [Medicine by the Numbers] 10/01/2016 Rural Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Depends on Family Physicians...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=27

Evaluation of Nausea and Vomiting: A Case-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2013 - In the absence of acute abdominal pain, significant headache, or recent initiation of certain medications, acute nausea and vomiting is usually the result of self-limited gastrointestinal infections. Nausea and vomiting is also a common adverse effect of radiation therapy, chemotherapy,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p371.html

Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - Cluster headache causes severe unilateral temporal or periorbital pain, lasting 15 to 180 minutes and accompanied by autonomic symptoms in the nose, eyes, and face. Headaches often recur at the same time each day during the cluster period, which can last for weeks to months. Some ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p122.html

Top 20 Research Studies of 2017 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2018 - Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p581.html

Probiotics for the Prevention of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections - Medicine by the ...

Oct 1, 2015 - Studies show that probiotics prevented 1 in 8 upper respiratory tract infections and caused no harms. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/od1.html

Cancer - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including various types (breast, cervical, childhood, colorectal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, skin, testicular, and other types of cancer). This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=31

Common Questions About Pneumonia in Nursing Home Residents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2015 - Pneumonia in older adults residing in nursing homes can be challenging to diagnose and treat. Pneumococcal and influenza immunizations decrease the risk of pneumonia and are recommended for all nursing home patients. Older adults with pneumonia may not display classic signs and symptoms...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p612.html

Summary of the NIAID-Sponsored Food Allergy Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - Patients with suspected food allergies are commonly seen in clinical practice. Although up to 15 percent of parents believe their children have food allergies, these allergies have been confirmed in only 1 to 3 percent of all Americans. Family physicians must be able to separate true ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p43.html

Charcot Foot: Clinical Clues, Diagnostic Strategies, and Treatment Principles - ...

May 1, 2018 - Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is often difficult to diagnose because of limited findings in the patient history, physical examination, imaging, and laboratory studies. Delay in treatment results in the development of rigid foot and ankle deformities, increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p594.html

Esophageal Cancer - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2017 - Esophageal cancer has a poor prognosis and high mortality rate, with an estimated 16,910 new cases and 15,910 deaths projected in 2016 in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma account for more than 95% of esophageal cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma is more common...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p22.html

Multiple Sclerosis: A Primary Care Perspective - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common permanently disabling disorder of the central nervous system in young adults. Relapsing remitting MS is the most common type, and typical symptoms include sensory disturbances, Lhermitte sign, motor weakness, optic neuritis, impaired ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p644.html

Anxiety Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - ...04/01/2020 Benzodiazepines for Panic Disorder in Adults [Medicine by the Numbers] 05/15/2019 Depression and Anxiety Disorders: Benefits of Exercise, Yoga, and Meditation 05/01/2019 Psychological and Pharmacologic Treatments for Adults with PTSD [Implementing AHRQ Effective...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=85

Sick Sinus Syndrome: A Review - American Family Physician

May 15, 2013 - Sick sinus syndrome refers to a collection of disorders marked by the heart’s inability to perform its pacemaking function. Predominantly affecting older adults, sick sinus syndrome comprises various arrhythmias, including bradyarrhythmias with or without accompanying tachyarrhythmias. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p691.html

Nicotine Replacement Therapy for Smoking Cessation - Medicine by the Numbers - American...

Jul 1, 2015 - Studies show that 1 in 15 patients successfully quit smoking and 1 in 94 patients experienced chest pain or palpitations. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/od1.html

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