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Medicine by the numbers

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Conduct Disorder: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - Conduct disorder is a psychiatric syndrome that most commonly occurs in childhood and adolescence. It is characterized by symptoms of aggression toward people or animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. Risk factors include male sex, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/p584.html

Care of Incarcerated Patients - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2018 - The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any nation in the world. Approximately 870 of every 100,000 U.S. citizens are currently in jails or prisons. U.S. inmates are disproportionately young males, racial and ethnic minorities, and persons of low socioeconomic status. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/p577.html

Screening for Osteoporosis to Prevent Fractures: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Nov 15, 2018 - The USPSTF recommends screening for osteoporosis with bone measurement testing to prevent osteoporotic fractures in women 65 years and older.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1115/od1.html

Effectiveness of Intrapartum Antibiotics for Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid - Medicine...

Nov 1, 2018 - This review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend prophylactic intrapartum antibiotics in laboring women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid because of the lack of difference in rates of neonatal sepsis between the antibiotic and placebo groups.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/od1.html

The Pregnant Patient: Managing Common Acute Medical Problems - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2018 - Women often see their primary care physicians for common acute conditions during pregnancy. These conditions may be caused by pregnancy (obstetric problems) or worsened by pregnancy (obstetrically aggravated problems), or they may require special consideration during pregnancy because ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p595.html

Culture-Specific Asthma Education Programs for Minority Groups - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2018 - In children from minority groups, culture-specific asthma education programs (CAEPs) reduce the number of severe asthma exacerbations requiring hospitalization and improve asthma control as measured by the Childhood Asthma Control Test but not the Asthma Control Questionnaire. CAEPs ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p572.html

Preventing Gun Violence: The Role of Family Physicians - Editorials - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2018 - As reviewed here, the available evidence on gun violence prevention provides some options to consider incorporating into family physicians' practices.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p560.html

Why We Need More Physician Entrepreneurs

In an era of increasing physician employment, Allison Edwards, M.D., explains why she chose to open her own practice and why she thinks others should, too.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20181030fp-entrepreneurs.html

Depression: Screening and Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2018 - Depression affects an estimated 8% of persons in the United States and accounts for more than $210 billion in health care costs annually. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and American Academy of Family Physicians recommend screening for depression in the general adult ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/p508.html

FPs Are Answer to Rural Maternity Care Crisis

Many rural communities are losing access to maternity care. AAFP President John Cullen, M.D., writes in the Leader Voices Blog that his rural Alaska community offers proof that family physicians can fill that void.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/20181010lv-obdeserts.html

Reclaiming Family Medicine's Broad Scope Benefits Everyone

AAFP Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin writes that the debate about family medicine scope of practice shouldn't focus just on midlevel providers, but also on subspecialists.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20181009itt-scope.html

Hormone Therapy for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal ...

Oct 1, 2018 - No benefit was observed in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/od1.html

The Case for Medical Chaperones -- FPM

Oct 1, 2018 - It's time for more discussion about how best to incorporate chaperones in primary care.

Family Practice Management : Opinion

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2018/0900/p6.html

Four Evidence-Based Communication Strategies to Enhance Patient Care -- FPM

Oct 1, 2018 - These communication skills will increase patient engagement and satisfaction without slowing you down.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2018/0900/p13.html

How to Excel at Access -- and Why It Matters -- FPM

Oct 1, 2018 - Patients do better and cost less when they have ready access to primary care, but could your practice be thinking about access all wrong?

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2018/0900/p27.html

Six Mobile Apps to Get Patients Started Exercising -- FPM

Oct 1, 2018 - Patients have many reasons for not being active. These apps can help push past some of those obstacles.

Family Practice Management : SPPACES: App Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2018/0900/oa1.html

Therapist-Guided, Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety - FPIN's ...

Oct 1, 2018 - Therapist-guided, Internet-delivered CBT can be used as an effective treatment for anxiety in adults and is similar in effectiveness to face-to-face CBT.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p459.html

It's Time to Rethink Who Should Be Eligible to Lead ACOs

CMS recently published a proposed rule for accountable care organizations (ACOs). In his latest In the Trenches blog post, AAFP Senior Vice President of Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin has a recommendation for CMS: Require that all ACOs be led by physicians.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20180925itt-acos.html

Why I'm Building a Solo Practice -- Again

More than 30 years into practice, Erica Swegler, M.D., explains in this Leader Voices Blog post why she decided to buck current employment trends and go back to her roots as a solo family physician.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/20180925lv-solopractice.html

Four tips for better medication adherence -- FPM

These tips can help your patients improve their medication adherence.

Family Practice Management : Quick Tips : FPM Home

https://www.aafp.org/journals/fpm/blogs/inpractice/entry/medication_adherence.html

Breastfeeding: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2018 - All major health organizations recommend breastfeeding as the optimal source of infant nutrition, with exclusive breastfeeding recommended for the first six months of life. After six months, complementary foods may be introduced. Most organizations recommend breastfeeding for at least ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p368.html

Evidence-Based Medicine: Common Misconceptions, Barriers, and Practical Solutions - ...

Sep 15, 2018 - EBM is the integration of the best available evidence with clinical expertise and the individual patient's values, preferences, and unique circumstances. Despite the success of this approach, misconceptions and barriers remain.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p343.html

AAFP News - Sep 15, 2018 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2018 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0915/p338.html

A Hiring Manager's Perspective on the Art of Interviewing

Are you looking for a job or preparing for residency interviews? Hiring manager Natasha Bhuyan, M.D., tells you what she's looking for when she's interviewing candidates.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20180910fp-interviewer.html

Why Does Equal Pay for Equal Work Still Elude Us?

The compensation gap between male and female physicians is widening. AAFP President Michael Munger, M.D., writes that this inequity is inexcusable and must end.

AAFP News : AAFP Leader Voices | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/leadervoices/entry/20180907lv-genderpaygap.html

Letting Life Take You by Surprise Can Stave Off Burnout

Physicians have the highest suicide rate in the nation. Kurt Bravata, M.D., ponders the need to recharge our batteries and reinforce the things that drew us into health care.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20180905fp-engage.html

Chewing Gum for Reducing Post-Cesarean Section Ileus - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Although the current body of literature suggests a need for higher-quality, more robust research, the simplicity, frugality, and safety of chewing gum makes it a viable option to offer women undergoing cesarean section.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/od2.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

Blood Pressure Targets for Patients with Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Achieving a target BP of 135/85 mm Hg or less does not decrease the risk of total cardiovascular events vs. treating to a target of 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. Further, treating to the lower BP target does not improve total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, or serious adverse effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p276.html

Case Report: Successful Maternal and Fetal Outcomes After Uterine Rupture - Letters to ...

Sep 1, 2018 - ...hospital, family physicians take obstetric calls alongside obstetricians, midwives, anesthesiologists, and teams of obstetric and family medicine residents. We present a case that demonstrates how this collaborative, multidisciplinary model provides effective care in obstetric...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p272.html

Effect of Dietary Changes on IBS Symptoms - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2018 - A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FOD-MAPs) decreases IBS symptoms and improves quality of life compared with usual diet.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/od1.html

Putting My Broad-scope Training to the Test

Tate Hinkle, M.D., and his primary care colleagues tested the limits of their broad-scope training when a wave of subspecialists left their small, rural community.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20180827fp-subspecialists.html

Preoperative Assessment in Older Adults: A Comprehensive Approach - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2018 - Surgical outcomes are significantly influenced by patients’ overall health, function, and life expectancy. A comprehensive geriatric preoperative assessment of older adults requires expanding beyond an organ-based or disease-based assessment. At a preoperative visit, it is important to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p214.html

Epistaxis: Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - Epistaxis is a common emergency encountered by primary care physicians. Up to 60% of the general population experience epistaxis, and 6% seek medical attention for it. More than 90% of cases arise from the anterior nasal circulation, and most treatments can be easily performed in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p240.html

Bone Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment Principles - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - Primary bone cancers include osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma. They account for less than 1% of diagnosed cancers each year and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Timely diagnosis is challenging because of late patient presentation, nonspecific ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p205.html

Point-of-Care Ultrasonography in Family Medicine - Editorials - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - There is mounting evidence that point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) can help decrease the costs of care while improving patient access to care and safety.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p200.html

Interventions to Prevent Falls and Fractures in Community-Dwelling Older Adults - ...

Aug 15, 2018 - Mr. and Mrs. J. present to your office for their annual wellness visits. He is 75 years of age, has well-controlled hypertension, does not smoke, and has a body mass index (BMI) of 26 kg per m2. He recently fell while walking from his home to a neighborhood barbeque.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p253.html

Identifying Patients with Headache Who Are at Risk of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage - ...

Aug 15, 2018 - When is urgent imaging warranted in patients presenting with sudden, severe, nontraumatic headache and normal findings on a neurologic examination?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p256.html

AAFP News - Aug 15, 2018 - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p198.html

Proposed Changes to QPP: What You Need to Know

In the second post of a two-part analysis, AAFP Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin outlines proposed changes to the MACRA Quality Payment Program.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20180814itt_feeschedule2.html

Terbinafine for Onychomycosis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - Preliminary evidence indicates that combining terbinafine with an azole appears to be superior to terbinafine alone. Further study is necessary to compare combined treatment with terbinafine plus an azole vs. terbinafine alone.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/od1.html

Type 1 Diabetes: Management Strategies - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - There is considerable benefit of tight glucose control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Tight blood glucose control dramatically decreases the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Although glycemic goals should be individualized, most nonpregnant adults ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p154.html

Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2018 - The best test to diagnose ACS is a risk score based on a clinical prediction rule such as the HEART (history, electrocardiography, age, risk factors, troponin level) or TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) risk score, which have positive likelihood ratios (LR+'s) of 13 and 6.8, ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/od2.html

Quality Measures: How to Get Them Right -- FPM

Aug 1, 2018 - Pay-for-performance programs have produced disappointing results. Fewer and more appropriate, evidence-based quality measures could help.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2018/0700/p23.html

AAFP News - Aug 1, 2018 - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - ...A study recently published in PLOS Medicine shows that numerous states and large metropolitan centers have seen an uptick in the number of nonmedical exemptions granted for childhood vaccinations. In the past decade, the number of philosophical exemptions to vaccination has...

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p140.html

Early Thoughts on the 2019 Fee Schedule

AAFP staff members are reviewing the 2019 Medicare physician fee schedule. In the latest In the Trenches post, Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin shares some initial reactions based on the Academy's early evaluation of the proposal.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20180731itt_feeschedule.html

Opportunities, Not Incentives, Drive PCPs to Do Better

In his final Fresh Perspectives blog post, Ryan Neuhofel, D.O., M.P.H., writes that policymakers should abandon the carrot-and-stick approach to payment schemes and give physicians time to provide better care.

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/20180720fp-opportunity.html

It's Still the Prices, Stupid

High drug prices are driving dramatic increases in health care costs. In the latest In the Trenches blog post, Senior Vice President for Advocacy, Practice Advancement and Policy Shawn Martin looks at how HHS and the AAFP are responding.

AAFP News : In the Trenches : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/inthetrenches/entry/20180717itt_drugs.html

The Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Fracture, Dementia, and Cancer After Long-Term ...

Jul 15, 2018 - Long-term hormone therapy decreased the risk of all fractures, including hip and vertebral fractures. However, the risks far outweighed the benefits of this intervention.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p117.html

Top POEMs of 2017 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign - ...

Jul 15, 2018 - This article discusses the POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) of 2017 judged to be most consistent with the principles of the Choosing Wisely campaign. A POEM is a synopsis of a research study that reports patient-oriented outcomes, such as improvement in symptoms, quality ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p93.html

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