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A Simple Cough Algorithm for Children with Chronic Cough - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2013 - In children with chronic cough, a simple approach of ruling out specific indicators of cause, followed by treating a wet cough with antibiotics, results in a significant decrease in the duration of cough. Some of the causes of chronic cough were reactive airway disease, bronchiectasis, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/od1.html

A Specific Probiotic Decreases Crying in Infants Younger than Two Months with Colic - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Is probiotic supplementation effective in decreasing crying in infants with colic?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od5.html

Amoxicillin/Clavulanate or Ibuprofen No Better Than Placebo for Acute Bronchitis - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Treating acute bronchitis with amoxicillin/clavulanate or the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen is no more effective than placebo in decreasing symptoms in general or duration of frequent cough. Treatment does, however, produce adverse effects in one in eight patients.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p225.html

Antibiotic and Corticosteroid Treatment Effective for Acute Exacerbations of COPD - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Short-term antibiotic treatment and short-term systemic corticosteroids are both associated with a faster resolution of COPD symptoms and fewer treatment failures.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od2.html

Antidepressants and Psychological Therapies Are Effective for IBS - POEMs - American ...

Jan 15, 2015 - Antidepressants and psychological therapies are effective in treating the symptoms of IBS. This study, an update of a similar systematic review and meta-analysis completed five years ago, found the same level of effectiveness for both treatment approaches as the previous analysis, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p134.html

As-Needed Budesonide/Formoterol Similar to Maintenance Budesonide Plus SABA in Patients...

Nov 15, 2019 - In these patients with mild asthma (more than one-half used a short-acting beta-agonist [SABA] such as albuterol two or fewer times per week), as-needed use of a combined budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort) inhaler was as effective at preventing exacerbations as daily maintenance ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p646a.html

Aspirin Following Anticoagulation Therapy Prevents Recurrent VTE - POEMs - American ...

Jun 1, 2013 - Although this ASPIRE study was underpowered to detect a difference in the primary outcome, when the results were combined with those of the WARFASA trial, the data show that daily low-dose aspirin prevents recurrent VTE as well as major vascular events without increasing bleeding in ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p796.html

Baloxavir Reduces Symptom Duration Similar to Oseltamivir, Primarily Within 24 Hours of...

Dec 15, 2019 - Baloxavir has similar efficacy to oseltamivir (Tamiflu) (33-hour reduction in duration of symptoms compared with placebo) and, like oseltamivir, is most effective when given within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od4.html

Bariatric Surgery Plus Intensive Medical Therapy Is Better Than Medical Therapy Alone ...

Oct 15, 2014 - Bariatric surgery in conjunction with intensive medical therapy results in significantly enhanced glycemic control at three years compared with medical therapy alone, as well as better weight control, less use of glucose-lowering medications, and improved quality of life.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p579.html

Bedtime Instead of Morning Ingestion of Hypertension Medication Equals a Significantly ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - This study found a significant reduction in mortality and morbidity among patients who took their once-daily anti-hypertensive medications at bedtime instead of in the morning. No significant difference occurred in compliance rates between bedtime and morning ingestion times. Individual...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p434a.html

Benefits and Harms for Low-Dose Aspirin in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - POEMs - ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The 7,740 patients who took low-dose aspirin experienced 51 fewer vascular deaths, nonfatal myocardial infarctions, or nonfatal ischemic strokes; 29 fewer transient ischemic attacks; and 44 fewer revascularizations than patients who took placebo over a mean of 7.4 years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p718.html

Beta Blockers Not Associated with Lower Morbidity/Mortality in Adults with CAD or CAD ...

Mar 1, 2013 - Beta-blocker therapy was not associated with a reduced risk of adverse cardiovascular events in adults with a prior MI, known CAD without prior MI, or three or more known risk factors for CAD.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p373.html

C-Reactive Protein Guidance Safely Reduces Antibiotic Use in Patients with Acute ...

Jan 1, 2020 - CRP guidance, regarding the likelihood that antibiotics will be helpful for patients with acute exacerbation of COPD, safely reduces antibiotic use (number needed to treat = 5).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p54.html

CBT Effective in Adolescents with Depression Who Do Not Want Medication - POEMs - ...

Sep 1, 2016 - In adolescents who eschew drug treatment of major depression, short-term CBT is more effective than treatment as usual in inducing recovery, with a number needed to treat of 4 to 10. CBT also produced faster results.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p384.html

Chronic Sinusitis: Saline Irrigation Helps Somewhat; Steroid Does Not Add More Benefit ...

Feb 1, 2019 - This study showed that patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who continue to use a saline nasal wash (NeilMed) will often experience an improvement in symptoms that can be clinically meaningful, but the addition of the corticosteroid budesonide has yet to show an extra benefit.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p188.html

CIN Treatment May Increase Miscarriages but Does Not Affect Fertility - POEMs - ...

Apr 1, 2015 - In this analysis of 15 observational studies (it would be difficult and unethical to do randomized research on this topic), excision using any method for CIN did not affect fertility, although second trimester miscarriages were more likely. A study published at the same time found the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p490.html

Clopidogrel Plus Aspirin Provides More Net Benefit Than Aspirin Alone After Minor ...

Feb 1, 2019 - This study provides support for a strategy of adding clopidogrel to aspirin for the first week or so after a minor ischemic stroke or TIA because this is when the greatest benefit occurs. Harms were spread fairly evenly throughout the study period.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p188a.html

Colchicine Effective for First Episode of Acute Pericarditis - POEMs - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2014 - When used in addition to conventional anti-inflammatory therapy, colchicine decreases the rate of incessant or recurrent pericarditis. You would need to treat four patients with colchicine to prevent one such episode.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p226.html

Cold Symptoms Unaffected by Regular Analgesic Dosing or Use of Steam - POEMs - American...

Sep 1, 2014 - Advice regarding the use of steam inhalation, ibuprofen alone or with acetaminophen, acetaminophen alone, and regular vs. as-needed use of analgesics did not show any improved effectiveness in treating symptoms of acute respiratory tract infections. Ibuprofen may be beneficial in ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p335.html

Continuing Warfarin for 18 Months After Unprovoked PE Reduces Risk of Recurrent VTE - ...

Nov 1, 2015 - Continuing warfarin therapy for 18 months after an unprovoked PE reduces the risk of recurrent symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, benefit beyond 18 months is not maintained after the warfarin is discontinued.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p814.html

Daily Colchicine Post-MI Reduces Strokes and Recurrent Hospitalizations for Angina - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 15, 2020 - Daily colchicine after MI reduces cardiovascular events, specifically strokes and hospitalizations for angina. It is inexpensive and well-tolerated and should be considered for patients with recent MIs who are already using guideline-directed therapy.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p248.html

Daily Multivitamins Have Minimal, if Any, Effect on Preventing Cancer in Men and Do Not...

Mar 15, 2013 - Daily multivitamin supplementation results in a minimal, if any, reduction in epithelial cell cancers in men. This study found no significant benefit to multivitamin supplementation in reducing the risk of prostate, colorectal, lung, or bladder cancers. The risks of cancer-related ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0315/p444.html

Dapagliflozin in High-Risk Type 2 Diabetes Reduces Hospitalization for Heart Failure ...

Aug 1, 2019 - The only cardiovascular benefit to treatment with dapagliflozin was a reduction in the likelihood of hospitalization; 125 patients would need to be treated for 10 years to prevent one hospitalization.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p184.html

Denosumab No Better than Bisphosphonates for Preventing Fracture, and the Cost Is Much ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - This meta-analysis found no evidence that the monoclonal antibody denosumab reduces the risk of fracture more than bisphosphonates.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p375a.html

Dexamethasone May Reduce Sore Throat Symptoms in Adults at 48 Hours - POEMs - American ...

Aug 15, 2017 - A single dose of oral dexamethasone is no more effective than placebo in resolving acute sore throat symptoms at 24 hours in adults who do not receive immediate antibiotic therapy. However, among a multitude of exploratory secondary outcomes, the authors found that, compared with ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p260a.html

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