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Amlodipine/Atorvastatin for Preventing Heart Disease - Letters to the Editor - American...

Feb 1, 2007 - ...the risks of myocardial infarction, stroke, or death. 1 In ALLHAT, amlodipine was as efficacious as chlorthalidone (Hygroton) in reducing the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Amlodipine was more efficacious in reducing strokes than was lisinopril (Zestril)....

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p311.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - ...lower with COX-2 inhibitors than with NSAIDs. COX-2 inhibitors have been associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction or stroke. Although the risk of myocardial infarction was only 0.4 percent over 13 months in one study, this was significantly greater than the 0.1...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p258a.html

Vascular Surgery: An Update - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Caring for patients with vascular illnesses has become increasingly more complex and has changed dramatically over the past 10 years, with a widening array of diagnostic and treatment options. Carotid artery stenting has the potential to become a viable alternative to open surgery in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p85.html

Parkinson's Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder that can cause significant disability and decreased quality of life. The cardinal physical signs of the disease are distal resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and asymmetric onset. Levodopa is the primary treatment for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2046.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - ...included regression to normal fasting and two-hour postload blood glucose concentrations, cardiovascular event (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, revascularization procedure, evidence of ischemia), and renal outcomes suggesting microvascular damage. Of the 5,204...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2106.html

Risks and Benefits of Combination Contraceptives - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Dec 1, 2006 - The risks of using oral combination contraceptives include: a three- to sixfold increase in the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) apparent by the fourth month of use and highest between six and 12 months of use; a two- to sixfold increase in the risk of ischemic stroke among ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1915.html

Improving Office Practice: Working Smarter, Not Harder -- FPM

Dec 1, 2006 - Seemingly simple strategies can transform your practice.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2006/1100/p28.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - ...The cross-sectional study included a subset of 2,337 persons who were 40 years or older, had no history of stroke, and participated in the NHANES from 1999 to 2002. Participants provided information about demographics, income, education, and health care access, as well as a...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1960a.html

Testicular Torsion - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2006 - Each year, testicular torsion affects one in 4,000 males younger than 25 years. Early diagnosis and definitive management are the keys to avoid testicular loss. All prepubertal and young adult males with acute scrotal pain should be considered to have testicular torsion until proven ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1739.html

Hormone Therapy in Postmenopausal and Perimenopausal Women - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2006 - Relatively healthy women taking combined continuous hormone therapy have higher risks of myocardial infarction and venous thromboembolism after one year, stroke after three years, and breast cancer after five years. In women who take hormone therapy continuously for five years, there is...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1501.html

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are common, closely related vasculitic conditions that almost exclusively occur in patients older than 50 years. They may be manifestations of the same underlying disease and often coexist. Patients with polymyalgia rheumatica usually ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1547.html

NAMS Updates Recommendations on Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis in ...

Nov 1, 2006 - The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has updated its evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women to address the need for standards of care as they relate to menopause-associated health conditions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1630.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac arrhythmia that increases the risk of stroke and other vascular events. Oral anticoagulation is more effective at preventing vascular complications than aspirin, but it is associated with a significantly increased risk of major bleeding...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1614.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...Stroke Prevention in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Am Fam Physician. 2006 Nov 1;74(9):1622. Approximately 2.3 million adults in the United States have atrial fibrillation. This number is expected to increase significantly over the next few years as the population ages. Persons...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1622.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...events, death from coronary disease, or nonfatal myocardial infarction. Among women taking raloxifene there was a trend toward more strokes (0.95 versus 0.86 percent per year;P = .07) and a greater risk of venous thromboembolism (0.39 versus 0.27 percent per year;P = .02; number...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1598a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...5,522 patients with known vascular disease or diabetes, with a combined primary outcome measure of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Participants were from 13 countries (with or without a folate-fortified food supply); they had an average age of 69 years, and about...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1606.html

Erectile Dysfunction: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...As you get older, you may need more stimulation (such as stroking and touching) to get an erection. You also might need more time between erections. Erectile dysfunction doesn’t have to be a part of getting older. What causes erectile dysfunction? High blood sugar levels or blood...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1567.html

Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incidence can be reduced by adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle and detection and treatment of major risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html

Syncope: Initial Evaluation and Prognosis - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2006 - Although syncope often is benign, it may have a serious underlying cause. An important question for primary care or emergency department physicians is whether the patient can be evaluated safely in the outpatient setting.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1367.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - ...After a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or nondisabling stroke of arterial origin, patients have a 4 to 16 percent annual risk of a major vascular event. Studies using aspirin in dosages ranging from 30 to 300 mg daily indicate that 13 to 22 percent of these events can be avoided....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1414.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - ...the investigators evaluated the relationship between average diastolic blood pressure and the primary outcome of all-cause death, nonfatal stroke, and nonfatal myocardial infarction. The patients in this study were treated and monitored for a median of 2.7 years, and mortality and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1407.html

Cardiovascular Disease: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - ...caused by age and unhealthy habits, like smoking. They also can run in families. Having CVD makes you more likely to have a heart attack or stroke. In the United States, more than 10 times as many women die from CVD as from breast cancer. How can I tell if I have CVD? You may not...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1342.html

Comfort Always -- FPM

Oct 1, 2006 - Our most important role as a physician is being a comforter to the sick.

Family Practice Management : The Last Word

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2006/1000/p74.html

Letters - Oct 2006 -- FPM

Oct 1, 2006 - ...rheumatica will send some of them to the Internet for information. There they can read that this disease can lead to blindness or a stroke, it may be associated with the condition giant cell arteritis that damages the arteries and there is no known cure...

Family Practice Management : Letters

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2006/1000/p16d.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - ...of myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death, and the primary safety measure was bleeding events. Secondary end points included the primary end point plus hospitalization for unstable angina, revascularization, or transient ischemic attack; individual primary and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1204.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - ...the two groups in the risk of invasive or noninvasive breast cancer, uterine cancer, other invasive cancers, ischemic heart disease events, stroke, osteoporotic fractures, or all-cause mortality. Thromboembolic events and cataracts occurred significantly less often in the raloxifene...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1196.html

Predicting Short-term Risk of Stroke After TIA - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family...

Sep 15, 2006 - Five to 10 percent of patients presenting with TIA will have a stroke within the following week. Because guidelines do not mandate hospitalization for patients who have had a TIA or suspected TIA,4,5 validated clinical prediction rules may be used to identify patients who should ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p1001.html

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: An Emerging Health Risk - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused primarily by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7. The most common cause of acute renal failure in children, hemolytic uremic syndrome also can occur in adults. Characteristic features of the syndrome are microangiopathic anemia, thrombotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p991.html

AHA and NHLBI Review Diagnosis and Management of the Metabolic Syndrome - Practice ...

Sep 15, 2006 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) have released joint recommendations on the management and diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p1039.html

Quantum Sufficit - Sep 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - ...proposes that visits to the hospital because of a stroke are far more common on a patient’s birthday than on any other day, which includes other holidays or special events. Researchers analyzed data from 24,315 patients with acute stroke who were admitted from the hospital’s...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p913.html

Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Sep 15, 2006 - Case study: A.L. is a 4,100-g (9 lb, 1 oz), one-day-old boy born at 39 weeks’ gestation by cesarean section because of breech presentation following an uncomplicated pregnancy. One- and five-minute Apgar scores were 8 and 9, respectively.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p1005.html

Type 1 Diabetes: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - ...you can go into a coma and even die. If you have type 1 diabetes, you are more likely to have other problems, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, high blood pressure, blindness, nerve damage, and gum disease. Your blood also may not circulate very well. What should I do...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p983.html

Asymptomatic Yellowish Papules - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p807.html

Quantum Sufficit - Sep 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - ...the researchers found that persons with long legs had less buildup of deposits in their blood vessels and a lower risk of heart disease and stroke compared with participants who had short legs. The length of a participant’s legs was estimated by subtracting the person’s seated...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p707.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - ...therapy following the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) reduce the short-term risk of death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke? Setting: Various (meta-analysis) Study Design: Meta-analysis (randomized controlled trials) Synopsis: During the initial period...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p824a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - ...Clinical Question: Which is more effective for complex regional pain syndrome following stroke: prednisolone or piroxicam (Feldene)? Setting: Outpatient (specialty) Study Design: Randomized controlled trial (double-blinded) Allocation: Concealed Synopsis: Complex regional pain...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p832a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - ...of deaths caused by cardiovascular effects also was decreased (NNT for two years = 720; CI, 507 to 1,370). Myocardial infarction risk and stroke risk were similarly decreased. These NNTs are high because of the relatively small benefit (12 to 14 percent reduction) and because the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p832.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - ...(CT) scans of the brain commonly are obtained in older patients to search for causes of syncope and altered mental status and to identify stroke. They often are used to protect against litigation (e.g., when patients request them for evaluation of apparently benign conditions)....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p853.html

Screening for Peripheral Arterial Disease - Putting Prevention into Practice - American...

Aug 15, 2006 - Case study: A 57-year-old man visits your office for refills of simvastatin (Zocor) and paroxetine (Paxil). He says his friend had a bypass operation on the arteries in his legs, and asks if you think he should be checked for that disease. He has never had symptoms of claudication.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0815/p635.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2006 - ...half had diabetes, and about 20 percent had significant evidence of other vascular disease (e.g., angina, previous myocardial infarction or stroke, history of peripheral vascular disease). Of the 228 patients assigned to surgery, 195 had an initial procedure as randomized and 33...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0815/p652a.html

Antidepressant Discontinuation Syndrome - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome occurs in approximately 20 percent of patients after abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant medication that was taken for at least six weeks. Typical symptoms of antidepressant discontinuation syndrome include flu-like symptoms, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p449.html

Heart Failure - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - What are the effects of nondrug, drug and invasive treatments? What are the effects of ACE inhibitors in persons at high risk of heart failure?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p467.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - ...were stroke, myocar-dial infarction, and death. Heart failure was not included as an outcome because it was not reported in several trials. In the seven studies (including more than 27,400 patients) comparing beta blockers with placebo or no treatment, the relative risk of stroke...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p492.html

Opportunities to Improve Outcomes in Sickle Cell Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Sickle cell disease represents a spectrum of inherited hemoglobin disorders. The pathophysiology involves abnormalities not just in red blood cells but also vascular endothelium, white blood cell function, coagulation, and inflammatory response. Known sequelae of sickle cell disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p303.html

Primary Care for Lesbians and Bisexual Women - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - For the most part, lesbians and bisexual women face the same health issues as heterosexual women, but they often have difficulty accessing appropriate care. Physicians can improve care for lesbians and bisexual women by acknowledging the potential barriers to care (e.g., hesitancy of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p279.html

When Your Child Has Sickle Cell Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - ...Stroke What should I do if my child with sickle cell disease is in pain? If your child has arm, leg, or back pain, call your doctor. If your child has pain or rapid swelling in the stomach area, it may mean there is a problem with the liver or spleen. Take your child to the doctor...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p313.html

Initiating Hormonal Contraception - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Most women can safely begin taking hormonal birth control products immediately after an office visit, at any point in the menstrual cycle. Because hormonal contraceptives do not accelerate cervical neoplasia or interfere with cervical cytology, women who have not had a recent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p105.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Antiphospholipid Syndrome - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 1, 2006 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has developed guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of antiphospholipid syndrome.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p184.html

AHA/ACCF Statement on the Evaluation of Syncope - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Jul 1, 2006 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) recently released a scientific statement on the evaluation of syncope (i.e., transient loss of consciousness).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p179.html

Peripheral Arterial Disease - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments for persons with chronic peripheral arterial disease?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p137.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - ...antiplatelet agents for stroke and statins for coronary artery disease (CAD). Clinical trials have established that daily aspirin reduces the rate of recurrent stroke by 23 percent. In a population of 100,000 affected patients, all taking aspirin, 23,000 strokes would be prevented....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p166.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - ...and use of additional treatments. The primary outcomes measured were all-cause mortality and the composite of death, reinfarction, or stroke. The 22,961 patients assigned to aspirin plus clopidogrel were comparable with the 22,891 assigned to aspirin plus placebo in all significant...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p172.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - ...followed by prosthetic heart valves, recurrent pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis, cardiomyopathy, and transient ischemic attacks or strokes. The study contained more men (65 percent) than women. Participants in the intervention group had a younger average age than those...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p170.html

Stem Cells and the Family Physician - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2006 - ...minimal risk of viral transmission.3 Animal studies are being conducted to test potential applications of stem cells in conditions such as stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis, macular degeneration, and urinary stress incontinence. The success of stem cell therapy depends on a number of...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2128.html

Warfarin for Prevention of Ischemic Stroke Recurrence? - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Jun 1, 2006 - There is no evidence that anticoagulation with warfarin, initiated after a noncardioembolic ischemic stroke, significantly reduces stroke recurrence. Furthermore, anticoagulation significantly increases the risk of fatal and nonfatal hemorrhagic stroke and extracranial hemorrhage in ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2011.html

Peripheral Vascular Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Peripheral vascular disease is a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis that leads to significant narrowing of arteries distal to the arch of the aorta. The most common symptom of peripheral vascular disease is intermittent claudication. At other times, peripheral vascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1971.html

Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Infancy and Early Childhood: An Update - American Family...

Jun 1, 2006 - Recent innovations in medical technology have changed newborn screening programs in the United States. The widespread use of tandem mass spectrometry is helping to identify more inborn errors of metabolism. Primary care physicians often are the first to be contacted by state and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1981.html

Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Managing Hypertension - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommends lifestyle modification for all patients with hypertension or prehypertension. Modifications include reducing dietary sodium to less than 2.4 g per ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1953.html

Newborn with Abnormal Arm Posture - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2015.html

Quantum Sufficit - Jun 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - ...People who see the glass as half full rather than half empty may be less likely to die from heart disease or stroke. According to a study in Archives of Internal Medicine, optimists may have this added benefit because they exercise more and can deal with misfortune better than their...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1883.html

Depressive Disorders - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments in mild to moderate or severe depression? Which interventions reduce relapse rates? What are the effects of interventions to improve delivery of treatments?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1999.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - ...infarctions, fatal and nonfatal strokes, all cardiovascular deaths, or mortality from any cause. Bottom Line: The overall effectiveness of statin therapy on the most important outcomes (i.e., decreasing mortality, heart attacks, and strokes) is not different among the three major...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2033.html

High Blood Pressure: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - ...pressure in your arteries is higher than it should be. If you have high blood pressure, you are more at risk of having a heart attack or a stroke. You also are more at risk of getting kidney disease and even of dying. How do I know if I have high blood pressure? Blood pressure is...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1957.html

Is a Low-Carbohydrate Diet Right for Me? - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - ...If you have had a stroke or if you have diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol levels, or kidney stones, or if you are pregnant, talk to your doctor before starting a low-carb diet. Should I take vitamins when I'm on a low-carb diet? Yes. People on low-carb diets may not get...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1951.html

Practice Guidelines - May 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - A subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) reviewed articles on carotid endarterectomy to assess the effectiveness of the procedure in preventing stroke in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1847a.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System (Mirena) for Contraception - STEPS - ...

May 15, 2006 - The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is a reliable, reversible, low-maintenance method of long-term contraception. Rates of failure are similar to those of female sterilization, and the risk of expulsion is minimal for most users.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1799.html

Quantum Sufficit - May 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - ...There is new treatment for patients with stroke who have impaired arm function. Results of a study published in Stroke claim that rehabilitation programs in which a patient's good arm is constrained after a stroke can cause significant improvement in the damaged arm. Researchers...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1695.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - ...= 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.70 to 0.97; number needed to treat [NNT] = 316; 95% CI, 180 to 3,805) and a 17 percent reduction in stroke (OR = 0.83; 95% CI, 0.70 to 0.97; NNT = 457; 95% CI, 259 to 2,597). There was no significant benefit of aspirin in reducing the risk of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1813.html

Febrile Seizures: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - ...Disorders and Stroke Web site:http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/febrile_seizures/detail_febrile_seizures.htm Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere. Choose a single article, issue, or full-access subscription. Earn up to 6 CME credits per issue. Already...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1765.html

Hypertension in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - The development of a national database on normative blood pressure levels throughout childhood has contributed to the recognition of elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents. The epidemic of childhood obesity, the risk of developing left ventricular hypertrophy, and evidence ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1558.html

2005 AHA Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiac Care - Practice Guidelines - American...

May 1, 2006 - The American Heart Association (AHA) recently released new guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiac care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1644.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - ...Risk of Stroke Increases After Myocardial Infarction Am Fam Physician. 2006 May 1;73(9):1631-1632. Coronary heart disease and stroke share multiple vascular risk factors and are leading causes of disability and death. Advances in secondary prevention for patients who have had a...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1631.html

Caring for Patients After Bariatric Surgery - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - Bariatric surgery leads to sustainable long-term weight loss and may be curative for such obesity-related comorbidities as diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea in severely obese patients. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has become the most common procedure for patients undergoing bariatric...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1403.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - ...agents. About 30 percent of patients also used insulin. Evidence of macrovascular complications included a history of myocardial infarction, stroke, acute coronary syndrome, obstructive arterial disease in the legs, or recent invasive testing or medical procedures. After baseline...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1456.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - ...Health Initiative (WHI) study of conjugated equine estrogen found that women who took conjugated equine estrogen were at increased risk of stroke and deep venous thrombosis and at decreased risk of osteoporotic fractures. Because of these findings, the study was stopped earlier than...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1453a.html

Dementia With Lewy Bodies: An Emerging Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Dementia with Lewy bodies appears to be the second most common form of dementia, accounting for about one in five cases. The condition is characterized by dementia accompanied by delirium, visual hallucinations, and parkinsonism. Other common symptoms include syncope, falls, sleep ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1223.html

Practice Guidelines - Apr 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has released evidence-based recommendations for the use of serum prolactin tests in differentiating between epileptic and nonepileptic seizures.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1284.html

Reflecting on the Breadth of Family Medicine - Inside AFP - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - ...Previous: After Stroke: 2 Percent Rate of Annual MI and Death Next: Newsletter View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 73/No. 7(April 1, 2006) / Inside AFP: Reflecting on the Breadth of Family Medicine...

American Family Physician : Inside AFP

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1133.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - ...After Stroke: 2 Percent Rate of Annual MI and Death Am Fam Physician. 2006 Apr 1;73(7):1259-1260. Clinical Question: What is the likelihood of serious nonstroke health outcomes following transient ischemic attacks or strokes? Setting: Inpatient (any location) with outpatient...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1259.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - ...event (i.e., cardiovascular death, nonfatal or silent acute myocardial infarction, revascularization, confirmed angina, or nonfatal stroke) was lower in the intensive treatment group (0.38 versus 0.80 per 100 patient-years of follow-up;P = .008). Put another way, this means...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1256.html

Dementia with Lewy Bodies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - ...National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site:http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dementiawithlewybodies/dementiawithlewybodies.htm The Lewy Body Dementia Directory Web site:http://www.zarcrom.com/users/alzheimers/odem/lewy-d.html Read the full article. Get...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1230.html

AAFP News - Apr 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1141.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastin (Caduet) for Preventing Heart Disease - STEPS - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Amlodipine/atorvastatin offers no added benefit in safety, tolerability, or effectiveness over amlodipine and atorvastatin taken separately. It has not been shown to improve mortality or morbidity in patients who have hypertension with or without dyslipidemia. The only potential ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1067.html

Statins in Primary Prevention: Uncertainty in Women, Elderly - Letters to the Editor - ...

Mar 15, 2006 - ...group, there was no statistically significant difference in the primary outcome of non-fatal myocardial infarction, CHD-related death, or stroke. NCEP ATP-III5 recognizes the uncertainty in prescribing lipid-lowering therapy in older patients with certain conditions. For primary...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p973.html

Corrections - Mar 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - ...The article Transient Ischemic Attacks: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation (April 1, 2004, page 1665) contained an error in the second paragraph in the left column of page 1670. The first sentence of this paragraph incorrectly listed a patent foramen ovale as an etiology for...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p974a.html

Diagnosis and Management of Diastolic Dysfunction and Heart Failure - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2006 - Diastolic heart failure occurs when signs and symptoms of heart failure are present but left ventricular systolic function is preserved (i.e., ejection fraction greater than 45 percent). The incidence of diastolic heart failure increases with age; therefore, 50 percent of older patients...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p841.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - ...aspects of disease. This is particularly true in the management of stroke patients. Recent studies have demonstrated the correlation between depression and stroke recovery. Treating patients who have had a stroke with antidepressants has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p713.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - ...events was lower with statins (NNT = 42; 95% CI, 36 to 49), as were the rates of revascularizations (NNT = 56; 95% CI, 47 to 68) and strokes (NNT = 162; 95% CI, 118 to 259). Additionally, statins were beneficial regardless of age or sex, although the magnitude of benefit was greater...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p690.html

Nonhormonal Therapies for Hot Flashes in Menopause - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2006 - Numerous reports in the medical literature and popular media have discussed the effectiveness of various nonhormonal agents in reducing menopausal hot flash symptoms. Data for these therapies are limited, and most of the studies have been conducted in women with a history of breast ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p457.html

Screening for Peripheral Arterial Disease: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive ...

Feb 1, 2006 - This statement summarizes the USPSTF recommendations on screening for peripheral arterial disease and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in theGuide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2nd ed.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p497.html

Initial Evaluation of Vertigo - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, acute vestibular neuronitis, and Meniere's disease cause most cases of vertigo; however, family physicians must consider other causes including cerebrovascular disease, migraine, psychological disease, perilymphatic fistulas, multiple sclerosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p244.html

Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Physicians face several barriers to counseling their patients about nutrition, including conflicting evidence of the benefit of counseling, limited training and understanding of the topic, and imperfect and varied guidelines to follow. Because cardiovascular disease remains the leading ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p257.html

Vertigo: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - ...like cerebrovascular (say: ser-ee-bro-VAS-cue-lar) disease. People with this have blocked arteries to the brain that can cause strokes or mini-strokes. How do I know if I have vertigo? Your doctor will ask you questions about when and why you feel dizzy, and how bad it is. Your...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p254.html

Quantum Sufficit - Jan 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - ...Driving simulators, similar to flight simulators, may help stroke patients get back behind the wheel. Scientists tested the success of a simulated driving program and reported their findings in Neurology. Eighty-three stroke survivors were retrained to drive on the simulator or...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p25.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - ...pretreatment with clopidogrel significantly reduced the composite outcome of cardiovascular death, recurrent myocardial infarction, or stroke at 30 days of monitoring (number needed to treat = 22; 95% confidence interval, 14 to 54). Bleeding complications occurred at a similar rate...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p139a.html

Cerebral Palsy in Children: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - ...National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site:http://www.ninds.nih.gov Telephone: 1-800-352-9424 TTY (teletypewriter): 301-468-5981 Easter Seals Web site:http://www.easterseals.com Telephone: 1-800-221-6827 TTY: 312-726-4258 E-mail:...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p101.html

Hormone Therapy for the Prevention of Chronic Conditions in Postmenopausal Women - ...

Dec 15, 2005 - Case study: In keeping with the 2002 recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) that women 65 years of age and older should be screened for osteoporosis, you have ordered a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry test for a 66-year-old white woman. The results ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2520.html

Case Report: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome - Letters to the Editor - ...

Dec 15, 2005 - ...important therapeutic implications because of its potential reversibility. Clinical findings can mimic neuroradiologic conditions such as stroke and vasculitis.4 Clinical and neuroradiologic features are typically indistinguishable among cases of PRES, regardless of the underlying...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2430.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Dec 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - ...comes in. I agree that she was lucky, because Ellen has many medical problems including diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. She had a stroke three years ago, and although she can move slowly using her walker, she spends much of her day in a wheelchair. I can only imagine how...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2467.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - ...was used (2.2 versus 4.1 percent; number needed to treat [NNT] = 56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 47 to 79). The risk of ischemic stroke also is lower with the combination (NNT = 221; 95% CI, 163 to 518). Major bleeding episodes were more common in the combination group (1.5 versus...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2529.html

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