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Cochrane for Clinicians Department Collection - American Family Physician

These are summaries of reviews from the Cochrane Library.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=75&page=0

Coenzyme Q10 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Coenzyme Q10 is a vitamin-like substance used in the treatment of a variety of disorders primarily related to suboptimal cellular energy metabolism and oxidative injury. Studies supporting the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 appear most promising for neurodegenerative disorders such as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1065.html

Coenzyme Q10 - American Family Physician

...in reducing symptoms associated with selected mitochondrial abnormalities including the mitochondrial encephalopa- thy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome, Kearns-Sayre syn- drome, and the myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers (MERRF) syndrome. Maximum...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/afp20050915p1065.pdf

Colchicine Reduces MI and Revascularization in Patients with Established Coronary ... Restricted content. Login required.

May 15, 2021 - Colchicine, 0.5 mg daily, significantly reduces the risk of myocardial infarction and ischemia-driven revascularization.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p631a.html

Colesevelam (WelChol) for Reduction of LDL Cholesterol - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2005 - Colesevelam lowers LDL cholesterol levels a small amount (7 to 16 percent) when used alone and provides additional cholesterol lowering when added to statin therapy. It has a slightly beneficial effect on HDL cholesterol levels, has no effect on triglyceride levels, and is well tolerated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p321.html

Colon Cancer Screening: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2015 - ...Previous: AHA and ASA Release Guideline for Prevention of Future Stroke in Patients with Stroke or TIA Next: Wound Care View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 91/No. 2(January 15, 2015) / Colon Cancer Screening: What You Should Know...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p93-s1.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family Physician

May 15, 2018 - Colorectal cancer is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Most colorectal cancers arise from preexisting adenomatous or serrated polyps. The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer can be reduced with screening of average-risk adults 50 to 75 years of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p658.html

Colorectal Cancer Screening: ACP Guidance Statements - Practice Guidelines - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 15, 2020 - The American College of Physicians developed a consensus statement for colorectal cancer screening of average-risk adults based on their review of six independent guidelines and supporting evidence.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p250.html

Colorectal Cancer, Osteoporosis, Knee Osteoarthritis, Suspected Dementia, Pacifier Use ...

Apr 15, 2019 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p478.html

Combination Antihypertensive Drugs: Recommendations for Use - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - The recommendation for first-line therapy for hypertension remains a beta blocker or diuretic given in a low dosage. A target blood pressure of less than 140/90 mm Hg is achieved in about 50 percent of patients treated with monotherapy; two or more agents from different pharmacologic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3049.html

Combination Therapy with ACE Inhibitors and Angiotensin - Receptor Blockers in Heart ...

...1. American Heart Association. Heart disease and stroke statistics- 2002 update. Dallas: American Heart Association, 2001. 2. Lechat P, Packer M, Chalon S, Cucherat M, Arab T, Boissel JP. Clin- ical effects of beta-adrenergic blockade in chronic heart failure: a meta-analysis of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/afp20031101p1795.pdf

Comments on Type 2 Diabetes Screening and Treatment - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Jan 1, 2000 - ...Patients with undiagnosed diabetes are at significantly increased risk for coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease, and greater risk of dyslipidemia, hypertension and obesity. Along with the American Diabetes Association, we believe that screening for type 2...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p48.html

Common Anorectal Conditions: Part I. Symptoms and Complaints - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2001 - Anorectal symptoms and complaints are common and may be caused by a wide spectrum of conditions. Although most conditions are benign and may be successfully treated by primary care practitioners, a high index of suspicion for colorectal cancer should be maintained, and all patients ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/p2391.html

Common Anorectal Conditions: Part I. Symptoms and Complaints -- American Family Physician

...distur- bances, endocrine and metabolic disorders, collagen vascular disease, central or periph- eral neuromuscular disorders or colonic iner- tia. It is imperative that the clinician rule out obstructing lesions or painful anal lesions.6 FECAL IMPACTION Fecal impaction can...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/afp20010615p2391.pdf

Common Breast Problems - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2019 - Palpable breast masses, mastalgia, and nipple discharge are commonly encountered symptoms in outpatient practice, causing significant patient anxiety and precipitating medical consultation. The initial workup includes a detailed clinical history and physical examination. Women ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p505.html

Common Cold - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments for common cold?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1390.html

Common Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2004 - Over-the-counter dietary supplements to treat obesity appeal to many patients who desire a 'magic bullet' for weight loss. Asking overweight patients about their use of weight-loss supplements and understanding the evidence for the efficacy, safety, and quality of these supplements are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1731.html

Common Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss - American Family Physician

...FDA MedWatch program between June 1997 and March 1999. These reports included episodes of hypertension, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, stroke, and seizures. Ten events led to death and 13 yielded permanent dis- ability. Of these 23 reports, nine occurred at recommended dosages...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/afp20041101p1731.pdf

Common Questions About Chronic Low Back Pain - American Family Physician

May 15, 2015 - More than 30% of U.S. adults report having experienced low back pain within the preceding three months. Although most low back pain is nonspecific and self-limiting, a subset of patients develop chronic low back pain, defined as persistent symptoms for longer than three months. Low back...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/p708.html

Common Questions About the Initial Management of Hypertension

February 1, 2014 Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/afp20150201p172.pdf

Common Questions About the Initial Management of Hypertension - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2015 - Hypertension is the most common chronic condition treated by family physicians. Elevated blood pressure is associated with an increased risk of heart failure, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease, and death. Treatment of hypertension reduces the risk of these events. Several ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p172.html

Common Questions on Chronic Low Back Pain

Date xx, xxxx Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0515/afp20150515p708.pdf

Common Side Effects of HIV Medicines - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2017 - ...People with HIV infection are at higher risk of heart disease and stroke. You have an even higher risk if you smoke, have high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or diabetes, or if heart attacks run in your family. You can lower your risk by exercising and eating a healthy diet, and...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/p161-s1.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: Diagnosis and Management

November 1, 2016

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/afp20161101p698.pdf

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading cause of death. Risk factors include older age and medical comorbidities. Diagnosis is suggested by a history of cough, dyspnea, pleuritic pain, or acute functional or cognitive decline, with abnormal vital signs (e.g., fever, tachycardia) and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p698.html

Complications of HIV Infection: A Systems-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2011 - Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often develop multiple complications and comorbidities. Opportunistic infections should always be considered in the evaluation of symptomatic patients with advanced HIV/AIDS, although the overall incidence of these infections ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p395.html

Conference Highlights - Apr 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - ...Common Criteria for Stroke Surgery May Underestimate Risk in Women (83rd Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America) Criteria established by the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) that are commonly used to...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1929.html

Conference Highlights - Aug 01, 1998 - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - ...Therapy for Stroke Is Successful in a Community Setting (50th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology) Results of an ongoing study at 31 hospitals in Minnesota indicate that the use of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in patients with acute stroke can be effective...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p492.html

Conference Highlights - Dec 01, 1999 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1999 - ...with another Swedish female population not exposed to an intervention program. The investigator believes that considering the high rate of stroke in women within this community, the apparent reduction in systolic blood pressure in the intervention group is very promising.—cecilia...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2630.html

Conference Highlights - Jun 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - ...Ramipril Reduces Risk of Stroke and Other Cerebrovascular Events (American College of Cardiology) Results of a randomized placebo-controlled trial showed that the use of ramipril (Altace), but not vitamin E, reduces the risk of stroke and other cerebrovascular events in patients by...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3679.html

Conference Highlights - May 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

May 15, 1998 - ...Stroke Risk After Myocardial Infarction (American Heart Association's 23rd International Joint Conference on Stroke and Cerebral Circulation) Use of the cholesterol-lowering drug pravastatin (Pravachol) can significantly reduce the risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2499.html

Conference Highlights - Nov 15, 1999 - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - ...obesity and lipid abnormalities (such as high cholesterol levels), and as secondary prevention in those with a history of heart attack, stroke, claudication or angina.—deborah b. rolka, et al., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Investigational Drug Shows...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2359.html

Conference Highlights - Oct 15, 1999 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1999 - ...targets the entorhinal region of the brain, causing dysfunction. None of the subjects had been diagnosed with dementia, Parkinson's disease, stroke or depression. Neurologic and neuropsychologic testing included evaluation of attention, orientation, memory, language ability and...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/p1791.html

Conference Highlights - Sep 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2000 - ...Previous: Update on Vitamin Supplements for the Prevention of Coronary Disease and Stroke Next: Family Practice International View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 62/No. 6(September 15, 2000) / Conference Highlights: Conference Highlights...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1369.html

Confronting Guillain-Barré Syndrome

...National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/gbs/gbs. htm ■ Confronting Guillain-Barré Syndrome The editors of AFP wel- come submissions for Close-ups. Guidelines for contributing to this feature can be found in the Authors’ Guide...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/afp20130201p166.pdf

Conjugated Estrogens/Bazedoxifene (Duavee) for Menopausal Symptoms - STEPS - American ...

Feb 15, 2016 - Conjugated estrogens/bazedoxifene is effective for the treatment of menopausal symptoms and may be better tolerated than conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone. It will maintain bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and hip, but its effect on fractures is not known. Cardiovascular ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p307.html

Contemporary Management of Angina: Part II. Medical Management of Chronic Stable Angina...

Jan 1, 2000 - Except for a small subset of patients with angina whose survival is improved with coronary artery bypass surgery, chronic stable angina can be appropriately managed with medical therapy in the vast majority of patients. Drug therapy includes aspirin, beta-adrenergic blockers, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p129.html

Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Type 2 Diabetes Is Not Ready for Widespread Adoption -...

Jun 1, 2020 - Although continuous glucose monitoring may benefit patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, there is limited evidence that it offers similar benefits in patients with type 2 diabetes, regardless of whether they are taking insulin.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p646.html

Contraception Choices in Women with Underlying Medical Conditions - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2010 - Primary care physicians often prescribe contraceptives to women of reproductive age with comorbidities. Novel delivery systems (e.g., contraceptive patch, contraceptive ring, single-rod implantable device) may change traditional risk and benefit profiles in women with comorbidities. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p621.html

Controlling Hypertension in Patients with Diabetes - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are common diseases in the United States. Patients with diabetes have a much higher rate of hypertension than would be expected in the general population. Regardless of the antihypertensive agent used, a reduction in blood pressure helps to prevent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1209.html

Controlling Hypertension in Patients with Diabetes -- American Family Physician

...Cerebrovascular disease-hypertension increases the incidence of stroke in patients with diabetes. Survival rates and recovery from stroke are reduced in patients with diabetes compared with patients without diabetes. Peripheral vascular disease-hypertension increases the risk...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/afp20021001p1209.pdf

Coping with the Pain - Close-ups - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - The personal side of medicine told from the patient's perspective. The patient's story is followed by commentary from a physician and a list of resources.

American Family Physician : Close-ups

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1757.html

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention: As Easy As 1, 2, 3? - Letters to the Editor - ...

Nov 15, 2010 - ...often use secondary prevention to refer to reducing the risk of recurrences of disease-related events, such as myocardial infarction,2 stroke,3 and osteoporotic fracture.4 Dr. Lucan’s observation that failing to precisely define what is meant by secondary prevention may occasionally...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1167.html

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention: What's Different for Women? - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2001 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women, as well as an important cause of disability, although many women and their physicians underestimate the risk. Exercise, hypertension treatment, smoking cessation and aspirin therapy are effective measures for the primary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1393.html

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention: What's Different for Women? -- American Family ...

...major long-term trials have demonstrated the efficacy of beta blockers and thiazide diuretics in reducing coronary artery disease and stroke, these agents should be con- sidered as initial therapy in all patients who have not lowered their blood pressure with diet and exercise....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/afp20010401p1393.pdf

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Daily Research Briefs

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Daily Research Briefs

American Family Physician : American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/journals/afp/content/covid-briefs.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - ...the annual risk of stroke for the patient in the case scenario was incorrectly listed as 8% instead of 3.2%. The sentence should have read: Mr. H has a 3.2% annual risk of stroke, with less than one-half of that being a risk of a disabling or fatal stroke.1,2,9,12 The online version...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p581a.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2019 - ...in combination with aspirin to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events (cardiovascular [CV] death, myocardial infarction [MI] and stroke) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) or peripheral artery disease. Before publication, the article was not updated to...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p74.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2013 - ...Increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to strokes, acute coronary events, and coronary revascularizations; high incidence rates compared with euglycemic individuals, especially in women Same risk as patients with T2DM Microvascular complications...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p310.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...Transient Ischemic Attack: Part II. Risk Factor Modification and Treatment (page 527) was ambiguous and listed incorrect answers in the answer box (page 576). The case scenario described in the question should have more clearly indicated that the patient was at low risk of stroke,...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p802.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2009 - ...Previous: Is Telmisartan Effective for Stroke Prevention? Next: Family Physicians' Present and Future Role in Caring for Older Patients View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 80/No. 10(November 15, 2009) / Corrections: Correction...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1058.html

Correction - Corrections - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - ...Next: Decreasing the Morbidity, Mortality, and Cost of Stroke Through Awareness and Prevention View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 68/No. 12(December 15, 2003) / Corrections: Correction...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2330.html

Corrections - Apr 1, 2008 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2008 - ...Previous: Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke with t-PA Next: Corrections View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 77/No. 7(April 1, 2008) / Corrections: Corrections...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p920.html

Corrections - Jan 15, 2019 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - ...The sentence should have read: Vitamin K antagonists are the first-line option, with high-quality data indicating that they have a lower stroke risk and all-cause mortality vs. placebo. The online version of the article has been corrected. Read the full article. Get immediate...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p77c.html

Corrections - Mar 1, 2021 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2021 - ...Previous: Antiplatelet Agents for Preventing Early Recurrence of Ischemic Stroke or TIA Next: Correction View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 103/No. 5(March 1, 2021) / Corrections: Corrections...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p263.html

Corrections - Mar 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - ...The article Transient Ischemic Attacks: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation (April 1, 2004, page 1665) contained an error in the second paragraph in the left column of page 1670. The first sentence of this paragraph incorrectly listed a patent foramen ovale as an etiology for...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p974a.html

Corticosteroids for Hospitalized Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Cochrane ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - For adults hospitalized with severe CAP, the use of corticosteroids may reduce the likelihood of mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p272.html

Counseling and Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease in ...

Nov 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use and provide tobacco cessation interventions for those who use tobacco products.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1266.html

Counseling and Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease in ...

...The USPSTF found convincing evidence that smoking cessation decreases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and lung disease. In pregnant women, the USPSTF found convincing evidence that smoking-cessation counseling sessions, augmented with messages and self-help materials tailored...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/afp20101115p1266.pdf

Counseling Patients About Hormone Therapy and Alternatives for Menopausal Symptoms - ...

Oct 1, 2010 - The results of recent large clinical trials have led physicians and patients to question the safety of menopausal hormone therapy. In the past, physicians prescribed hormone therapy in an attempt to improve overall health and prevent cardiac disease. Hormone therapy appears to increase ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p801.html

Counseling Patients in Primary Care: Evidence-Based Strategies - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2018 - Family physicians spend substantial time counseling patients with psychiatric conditions, unhealthy behaviors, and medical adherence issues. Maintaining efficiency while providing counseling is a major challenge. There are several effective, structured counseling strategies developed ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1215/p719.html

Cross-Cultural Medicine - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Cultural competency is an essential skill for family physicians because of increasing ethnic diversity among patient populations. Culture, the shared beliefs and attitudes of a group, shapes ideas of what constitutes illness and acceptable treatment. A cross-cultural interview should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2267.html

Cultural Competence Education for Health Care Professionals - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Apr 15, 2015 - Low-quality evidence suggests that training health care professionals in patient-centered communication improves the engagement of patients from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in their health care. Interventions that were primarily educational appeared to be ineffective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p523.html

Current Hypertension Control Is Just Not Good Enough - Editorials - American Family ...

Oct 15, 1998 - ...Dramatic decreases in hypertension-related mortality from strokes and heart attacks have occurred in the 25 years since the National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP) began: a 59.0 percent reduction for stroke mortality and a 53.2 percent reduction for coronary heart...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1292.html

Current Management of Mitral Valve Prolapse - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - Mitral valve prolapse is a pathologic anatomic and physiologic abnormality of the mitral valve apparatus affecting mitral leaflet motion.

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3343.html

Cutaneous and Systemic Manifestations of Mastocytosis - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1999 - Mastocytosis is characterized by an excessive number of apparently normal mast cells in the skin and, occasionally, in other organs. Characteristic skin lesions, called urticaria pigmentosa, are present in most patients, but clinical presentation can vary from a pruritic rash to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3047.html

Cyanosis in an Older Woman - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1491.html

Dabigatran (Pradaxa) for Prevention of Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American...

Dec 15, 2011 - Dabigatran is superior to warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation, with similar rates of major bleeding. Because it does not require laboratory monitoring, dabigatran therapy is less complicated than warfarin therapy, but it costs significantly more.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1397.html

Daily Colchicine Post-MI Reduces Strokes and Recurrent Hospitalizations for Angina - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 15, 2020 - Daily colchicine after MI reduces cardiovascular events, specifically strokes and hospitalizations for angina. It is inexpensive and well-tolerated and should be considered for patients with recent MIs who are already using guideline-directed therapy.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p248.html

Daily Multivitamins Do Not Reduce Major Cardiovascular Events in Men and Do Not Affect ...

Jun 1, 2013 - Daily multivitamin supplementation does not reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events in men. The risks of cardiovascular-related mortality and all-cause mortality were also not reduced by multivitamin supplementation.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p796a.html

Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) for Preventing Hospitalization for Heart Failure - STEPS - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 15, 2020 - Dapagliflozin can be added to existing treatment to reduce the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes who have established CVD or are at high risk of CVD. It may also decrease the risk of renal disease progression and death from renal failure.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p115.html

Dapagliflozin in High-Risk Type 2 Diabetes Reduces Hospitalization for Heart Failure ...

Aug 1, 2019 - The only cardiovascular benefit to treatment with dapagliflozin was a reduction in the likelihood of hospitalization; 125 patients would need to be treated for 10 years to prevent one hospitalization.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p184.html

December 1, 2004 - American Family Physician

...Risk of Stroke Following a Transient Ischemic Attack Fear of Childbirth Following Instrumental Vaginal Delivery Do Combination Contraceptives Cause Weight Gain? Management Results in the Care of Febrile Infants POEMS Three Indicators Herald Bacterial Conjunctivitis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/

December 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

...Risk Factors for Vascular Events in Patient with Previous TIA POEMS Optimal Duration of Anticoagulation After VTE Vaccination Does Not Increase Risk of Hospitalization Minimal Effect of Cholinesterase for Alzheimer's Home Glucose Monitoring for Type 2 Diabetes...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/

December 1, 2012 - American Family Physician

...Insulin for Glycemic Control in Acute Ischemic Stroke Aaron Saguil; Matthew C. Pflipsen The Effects of Combination Contraceptives on Weight Elizabeth Salisbury-Afshar Photo Quiz Erythematous Papules on the Face Shannon Buck; Christopher W. Bunt CME Quiz...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/

December 1, 2015 - American Family Physician

...Some Benefit to Treating Mild Hypertension to Prevent Stroke, CV Deaths, and Overall Mortality Allen F. Shaughnessy Adding Sitagliptin Does Not Reduce or Increase the Risk of Cardiovascular Outcomes Mark H. Ebell An Oral Appliance Does Not Improve Sleep in Patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/

December 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

...Stroke: Strategies for Primary Prevention Justin A. Ezekowitz; Sharon E. Straus; Sumit R. Majumdar; Finlay A. McAlister Orthostatic Hypotension John G. Bradley; Kathy A. Davis Diagnosis and Management of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Bradley D. Grinage Evaluation and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/

December 15, 2004 - American Family Physician

...Does IV Magnesium Benefit Patients with Acute Stroke? Effects of Hormone Therapy on Urinary Incontinence Intra-articular Injections for Osteoarthritis of the Knees Cesarean Risk and Labor Duration in Obese Mothers Alcohol Consumption and Cardiovascular Mortality...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/

December 15, 2007 - American Family Physician

...Enoxaparin Preferred Following Acute Ischemic Stroke Continuity of Care Improves Statin Therapy Adherence Do Fall Prevention Programs Improve Quality of Life? Recommendations for Follow-up After Early Breast Cancer Diagnoses POEMS Practice Guidelines ACCP Updates...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/

December 15, 2011 - American Family Physician

...Subacute Management of Ischemic Stroke Christopher R. Bernheisel; Jeffrey D. Schlaudecker; Katelyn Leopold Departments Keeping Up to Date Tips From Other Journals Which Rule Effectively Diagnoses Deep Venous Thrombosis? Bright Light Therapy: Not Just for Seasonal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/

Decompression Surgery, Fabric Masks, Heat Stroke, e-Cigarette Use - AFP Clinical ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p648.html

Decreasing the Morbidity, Mortality, and Cost of Stroke Through Awareness and ...

Dec 15, 2003 - ...the Morbidity, Mortality, and Cost of Stroke Through Awareness and Prevention MARGARET GRADISON, M.D., Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina Am Fam Physician. 2003 Dec 15;68(12):2335-2340. Related Article Stroke is a significant medical problem that affects more...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2335.html

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism: Current Therapy

March 1, 2017

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/afp20170301p295.pdf

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism: Current Therapy - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis are the two most important manifestations of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is the third most common life-threatening cardiovascular disease in the United States. Anticoagulation is the mainstay of VTE treatment. Most patients with deep...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p295.html

Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Degenerative cervical myelopathy encompasses a collection of pathologic conditions that result in progressive spinal cord dysfunction secondary to cord compression. Patients are typically male (3: 1 male-to-female ratio), and the average age of presentation is 64 years. The exact ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p740.html

Delirium -- American Family Physician

...many of the signs and symptoms of delirium are also present in conditions such as demen- tia, depression, and psychosis. Some charac- teristic signs and symptoms of delirium are described in this article. All of these symptoms may not be present in every patient. The pre- sentation...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/afp20030301p1027.pdf

Delirium in Older Persons: Evaluation and Management

Date xx, xxxx Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/afp20140801p150.pdf

Delirium in Older Persons: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2014 - Delirium is defined as an acute, fluctuating syndrome of altered attention, awareness, and cognition. It is common in older persons in the hospital and long-term care facilities and may indicate a life-threatening condition. Assessment for and prevention of delirium should occur at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0801/p150.html

Dementia

...and psychological symptoms of dementia, but antipsychotics are also associated with an increased risk of severe adverse events such as stroke, tran- sient ischemic attack, or death. Caution: Regulatory bodies have issued alerts that conventional and atypical anti- psychotics are...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/afp20140115p117.pdf

Dementia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - What are the effects of treatments on cognitive, behavioral, and psychological symptoms of dementia (Alzheimer disease, Lewy body dementia, or vascular dementia)?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p117.html

Dementia with Lewy Bodies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - ...National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site:http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dementiawithlewybodies/dementiawithlewybodies.htm The Lewy Body Dementia Directory Web site:http://www.zarcrom.com/users/alzheimers/odem/lewy-d.html Read the full article. Get...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1230.html

Dementia With Lewy Bodies: An Emerging Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Dementia with Lewy bodies appears to be the second most common form of dementia, accounting for about one in five cases. The condition is characterized by dementia accompanied by delirium, visual hallucinations, and parkinsonism. Other common symptoms include syncope, falls, sleep ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1223.html

Dementia: What Are the Common Signs? - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - ...is caused by the destruction of brain cells. Once brain cells are destroyed, they will not grow back or repair themselves. A head injury, a stroke, a brain tumor, or a problem like Alzheimer's disease can hurt brain cells. Some people have a family history of dementia. What is the...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1051.html

Depression in Later Life: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge - American Family ...

May 15, 2004 - Depression in elderly persons is widespread, often undiagnosed, and usually untreated. The current system of care is fragmented and inadequate, and staff at residential and other facilities often are ill-equipped to recognize and treat patients with depression. Because there is no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/p2375.html

Depression in Later Life: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge - American Family ...

...associated with high rates of depression include stroke (30 to 60 percent), coronary heart disease (8 to 44 per- cent), cancer (1 to 40 percent), Parkinson’s disease (40 percent), Alzheimer’s disease (20 to 40 percent), and dementia (17 to 31 percent).4 MINOR DEPRESSION Minor...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/afp20040515p2375.pdf

Depressive Disorders - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments in mild to moderate or severe depression? Which interventions reduce relapse rates? What are the effects of interventions to improve delivery of treatments?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1999.html

Dermal Electrosurgical Shave Escision -- American Family Physician

...to the skin surface, which is then brought across the base of the lesion with long, unidirectional strokes. Electrosurgical feathering (smoothing of the edges using fine brush strokes with the electrode) can then be per- formed to eliminate sharp wound edges and contour the wound...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/afp20020501p1883.pdf

Dermal Electrosurgical Shave Excision - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - The dermal electrosurgical shave excision is a fast and inexpensive method of removing epidermal and dermal lesions. The procedure is ideally suited for pedunculated lesions raised above the level of the surrounding skin. It consists of repetitive, unidirectional, horizontal slicing of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1883.html

Detrimental Effect of Tight Glucose Control on CV Mortality Persists Over Nine Years - ...

Mar 15, 2017 - The initial Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study, which compared standard treatment with intensive control, found that despite good intentions, cardiovascular (CV) and overall mortality are significantly higher when blood glucose levels are lower.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/od2.html

Diabetes and Heart Disease - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - ...If you have diabetes, you have a high risk for having a heart attack or a stroke. You are more likely to get heart disease—and at an younger age—than someone without diabetes. There are things you can do to reduce your risk for heart disease. Learning about the ABCs of diabetes can...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1577.html

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