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stroke

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Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - ...with Previous TIA Am Fam Physician. 2005 Dec 1;72(11):2352. Among neurologic problems, stroke is one of the most serious and remains a leading cause of disability. Although transient ischemic attack (TIA) is recognized as a warning event, the risk of stroke after TIA has not been...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2352.html

Ezetimibe/Simvastatin (Vytorin) for Hypercholesterolemia - STEPS - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2005 - Low doses of ezetimibe/simvastatin provide greater improvements in lipid profile than simvastatin or atorvastatin monotherapy. Ezetimibe/simvastatin may be useful in patients who are unable to tolerate high-dose statin therapy. Combination ezetimibe-simvastatin is less expensive than ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2081.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - ...that vitamin E did not significantly reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or hemorrhagic stroke. Although vitamin E slightly reduced the risk of cardiovascular death (number needed to treat for 10.1 years = 586; 95%...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2087.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - ...MI (1.8 percent absolute reduction, 31 percent relative reduction) and in the combined outcomes of cardiovascular death, recurrent MI, stroke, or recurrent ischemia leading to intervention (2.5 percent absolute reduction, 20 percent relative reduction). When the combined outcomes...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2111.html

Management of Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Acute renal failure is present in 1 to 5 percent of patients at hospital admission and affects up to 20 percent of patients in intensive care units. The condition has prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal causes, with prerenal conditions accounting for 60 to 70 percent of cases. The cause...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1739.html

Excess, Shortage, or Sufficient Physician Workforce: How Could We Know? - Graham Center...

Nov 1, 2005 - At least three models have been used to project the future physician workforce, and each produces different results. No physician workforce predictions can be relied on until there is more consideration of and agreement on desired health outcomes and what physicians must do to achieve ...

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1670.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Nov 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...become dependent on a drug for the rest of my life, she told me after the hypertension was initially diagnosed, but I don’t want to have a stroke or heart attack either. This morning, I noticed the unmistakable scent of garlic in the room. Eleanor admitted she had been eating two or...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1696.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...venous thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism) is the third most common vascular condition, exceeded only by coronary artery disease and stroke. For approximately the past 10 years, the initial treatment for DVT has consisted of heparin plus oral anticoagulation for at least five...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1845.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...All study participants received a complete physical and functional assessment at baseline; were screened for stroke, diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease; had lipid measurements and apolipoprotein E genotyping; and had their BMI calculated. It also was determined...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1859.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...double-blind trial of 17 β-estradiol (Estrace) versus placebo in postmenopausal women who had a nondisabling ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). The participants were randomized to receive 1 mg of 17 β-estradiol daily or placebo. Women with an intact uterus were...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1881.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...affecting about 2.3 million persons in the United States. Persons with atrial fibrillation have a four to five times greater risk of stroke and twice the risk of death. There are two approaches to management of atrial fibrillation: rate control and rhythm control. In rate control,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1867a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...Hemorrhage accounts for approximately 20 percent of all cases of sudden stroke-related neurologic deficits. Intracerebral hemorrhage has the highest mortality and morbidity rate of any kind of stroke; more than 40 percent of these patients die, and the majority of survivors are...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1868.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...were death from CHD; nonfatal, nonprocedure-related myocardial infarction; cardiac arrest with resuscitation; and fatal or non-fatal stroke. Investigators assessed numerous secondary cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality. During the run-in phase, the mean LDL cholesterol...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1876.html

Evaluation of Syncope - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - Though relatively common, syncope is a complex presenting symptom defined by a transient loss of consciousness, usually accompanied by falling, and with spontaneous recovery. Syncope must be carefully differentiated from other conditions that may cause a loss of consciousness or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1492.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Oct 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - ...has been in and out of mental health facilities most of her adult life. About three years ago, she suffered a stroke that resulted in complete left-sided hemiplegia. The stroke also caused a severe expressive aphasia, which left her able to say only two words. Luckily, she is in...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1484.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - There is limited, weak evidence that a low glycemic index diet improves risk factors for CHD, but there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a reduction in morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...increases with age. Studies have shown that warfarin (Coumadin) therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation reduces the concomitant risk of stroke. Warfarin therapy presents challenges because of its narrow therapeutic window and its risk of overcoagulation, which increases the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1362.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...or the duration of the trial (see accompanying table). The relative risk of serious cardiovascular event was 1.55. Relative risk of stroke was 1.02. The authors conclude that rofecoxib is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction in short- and long-term trials. They...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1369a.html

AAFP News - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1159.html

Sleep Apnea - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...Your risk of heart disease and stroke is higher if serious sleep apnea is not treated. You also are more likely to be in a car crash if you drive while you’re sleepy. If you have sleep apnea, it’s very important to get treatment. Is there anything I can do to help my sleep apnea?...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1319.html

Coenzyme Q10 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Coenzyme Q10 is a vitamin-like substance used in the treatment of a variety of disorders primarily related to suboptimal cellular energy metabolism and oxidative injury. Studies supporting the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 appear most promising for neurodegenerative disorders such as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1065.html

AAFP News - Sep 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p987.html

Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures are episodes of movement, sensation, or behaviors that are similar to epileptic seizures but do not have a neurologic origin; rather, they are somatic manifestations of psychologic distress. Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures frequently are...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p849.html

Coding "Routine" Office Visits: 99213 or 99214? -- FPM

Sep 1, 2005 - Before choosing 99213 for routine visits, consider whether your work qualifies for a 99214.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2005/0900/p52.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Sep 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - ...she lasted so long or that she finally succumbed to death. She had cheated death many times before—a large myocardial infarction, a bad stroke, and severe congestive heart failure. Ursula didn’t take care of herself. She shouted, cursed, and was generally nasty to everyone. We...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p798.html

Practice Guidelines - Sep 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - Continued exposure to ambient heat that is close to body temperature contributes to a significant number of deaths from hyperthermia, especially among older adults. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated statistics on the rates of hyperthermia and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p951a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - ...Ischemic Stroke? Am Fam Physician. 2005 Sep 1;72(5):934-936. Acute ischemic stroke is a common emergency event often treated with early anticoagulation, especially when in the presence of progressive stroke, stuttering transient ischemic attacks, posterior circulation strokes, and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p934.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - ...findings. Participants also underwent carotid sonography. Patients were excluded if they had prebaseline myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or congestive heart failure. As follow-up, participants alternated between telephone interviews and clinic visits at six-month intervals. At...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p892.html

Olmesartan (Benicar) for Hypertension - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - Olmesartan is a safe and effective antihypertensive agent. There is no evidence that olmesartan is more effective than other ARBs or ACE inhibitors. The longest peer-reviewed studies of olmesartan are of two months’ duration; thus, there is no evidence showing olmesartan’s long-term ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p673.html

Annular Lesions - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p671.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Aug 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - ...at least I understood why it was so high. I thought back to the day he arrived at the emergency department after having suffered an acute stroke, with paralysis on the right side. He did not seem to comprehend what had happened, and his first words after receiving the diagnosis...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p616.html

AFP Welcomes Two Editorial Fellows to the Team - Inside AFP - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - ...Previous: PEG Tubes Worsen Quality of Life in Patients Who Have Had a Stroke Next: Newsletter View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 72/No. 4(August 15, 2005) / Inside AFP: AFP Welcomes Two Editorial Fellows to the Team...

American Family Physician : Inside AFP

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p552.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - ...PEG Tubes Worsen Quality of Life in Patients Who Have Had a Stroke Am Fam Physician. 2005 Aug 15;72(4):683-684. Clinical Question: Do percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes improve outcomes in stroke patients who have dysphagia? Setting: Inpatient (any location) with...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p683a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - ...Synopsis: Results of retrospective studies suggest that warfarin may be more effective than aspirin at preventing stroke in patients with intracranial arterial stenosis. However, these studies may be biased by poor ascertainment of outcomes and limited follow-up; that is, if...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p680.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - ...angina, new overt heart failure, debilitating stroke, peripheral revascularization procedure, or death from any cause. The primary combined endpoint was death from any cause, acute myocardial infarction, and debilitating stroke. Other cardiovascular events were predefined as...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p689.html

Use of Dipyridamole in Patients with Recent Stroke or TIA - Letters to the Editor - ...

Aug 1, 2005 - ...Use of Dipyridamole in Patients with Recent Stroke or TIA Am Fam Physician. 2005 Aug 1;72(3):382-384. to the editor: Dr. Solenski’s review1 of treatment options for transient ischemic attack (TIA) discusses the additive benefits of combination therapy with aspirin and...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p382.html

Family History: The Three-Generation Pedigree - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - The collection of a family history ranges from simply asking patients if family members have the same presenting illness to diagramming complex medical and psychosocial relationships as part of a family genogram. The three-generation pedigree provides a pictorial representation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p441.html

Appropriate Indications for Administration of tPA - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Aug 1, 2005 - ...to the editor: I would like to clarify some of the recommendations from the article, Transient Ischemic Attacks: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation,1 that appeared in American Family Physician. The authors advocate early referral to the emergency department for evaluation and...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p381.html

A 40-Year-Old Man with Chronic Generalized Rash - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p491.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - ...Aspirin Prevents Stroke, but Not Cardiovascular Disease, in Women Am Fam Physician. 2005 Aug 1;72(3):502-504. Clinical Question: Does aspirin prevent cardiovascular disease in women? Setting: Population-based Study Design: Randomized controlled trial (double-blinded) Allocation:...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p502.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - ...endometrial hyperplasia; unexplained uterine bleeding; abnormal mammography results; or a history of metabolic bone disease, stroke, transient ischemic attack, venous thrombo-embolism, or liver or thyroid disease. The intake assessment included breast and pelvic examinations,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p513.html

Hormone Therapy for the Prevention of Chronic Conditions in Postmenopausal Women - U.S....

Jul 15, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on hormone therapy for the prevention of chronic conditions in post-menopausal women and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the Task Force’s 2002 recommendations on hormone replacement...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p311.html

Colesevelam (WelChol) for Reduction of LDL Cholesterol - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2005 - Colesevelam lowers LDL cholesterol levels a small amount (7 to 16 percent) when used alone and provides additional cholesterol lowering when added to statin therapy. It has a slightly beneficial effect on HDL cholesterol levels, has no effect on triglyceride levels, and is well tolerated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p321.html

Health Effects of Garlic - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - Garlic has long been used medicinally, most recently for its cardiovascular, antineoplastic, and antimicrobial properties. Sulfur compounds, including allicin, appear to be the active components in the root bulb of the garlic plant. Studies show significant but modest lipid-lowering ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p103.html

Which Patients Benefit from CRT? - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - The American Heart Association has published a science advisory on selecting patients for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p181.html

Long-Term Standard-Dose Warfarin to Prevent Thrombosis - Letters to the Editor - ...

Jul 1, 2005 - ...and significant reduction in the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism with little evidence of increased risk of major hemorrhage or stroke. They conclude that long-term low-intensity anticoagulation is a highly effective method of preventing recurrent venous thromboembolism....

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p36.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - ...had a history of myocardial infarction (MI); 2 percent had a history of stroke; 7 percent, angina; and 2 percent, heart failure. After 2.8 to 3.1 years of follow-up, the likelihood of cardiovascular death, MI, stroke, or heart failure was 1.0 percent in the placebo group, 2.3...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p158.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - ...regarding various health scenarios, including curable breast and endometrial cancers, metastatic cancer with a two-year life expectancy, stroke resulting in mild to severe debility, pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis, and hot flashes. The results were converted into health...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p162.html

How to Prevent Falling - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - ...Have medical problems such as Parkinson’s disease, dementia, heart problems, low blood pressure, or dizziness, or have had a stroke. How can I keep from falling in my home? Many falls happen at home. You can make your home safer by following these tips: Make sure you have good...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p93.html

Choosing Between Warfarin (Coumadin) and Aspirin Therapy for Patients with Atrial ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Pooled data from randomized trials show that warfarin reduces the risk of stroke from 4.5 percent to 1.4 percent per year in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and no history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2348.html

Tick-Borne Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2005 - Tick-borne diseases in the United States include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, babesiosis, Colorado tick fever, and relapsing fever. It is important for family physicians to consider these illnesses when patients present with influenza-like ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2323.html

Secondary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease in Elderly Patients - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Coronary heart disease remains a leading cause of mortality in the United States, with 84 percent of persons 65 years or older dying from this disease. Secondary preventive measures, including lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy, are important for elderly patients because of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2289.html

Management of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are part of a continuum of heat-related illness. Both are common and preventable conditions affecting diverse patients. Recent research has identified a cascade of inflammatory pathologic events that begins with mild heat exhaustion and, if uninterrupted, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2133.html

Improving Adherence to Treatment for Hypertension - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jun 1, 2005 - The most effective strategy to improve patient compliance with antihypertensive medication is to simplify the dosing regimen. There is more limited evidence to support a variety of motivational strategies. Patient education alone is ineffective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2089.html

Quantum Sufficit - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - ...attribute these numbers to significant declines in mortality from the country’s leading killers, including heart disease, cancer, and stroke. Athletes may want to stick to sipping water on the sidelines. Study results published in General Dentistry have found that sports drinks are...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2041.html

Fracture Prevention in Postmenopausal Women - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Jun 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2151.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - ...Ximelagatran to Prevent Stroke in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2178-2180. Clinical Question: Is ximelagatran effective for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation? Setting: Outpatient (any) Study Design: Randomized...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2178a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - ...Early Supported Discharge Effective for Patients with Stroke Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2173. Clinical Question: Do patients with stroke benefit from early supported discharge services? Setting: Various (meta-analysis) Study Design: Meta-analysis (randomized controlled...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2173.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - ...decreases the risk of microvascular conditions (e.g., retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy), but its effect on coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and other macrovascular diseases has been equivocal. Selvin and associates performed a systematic review of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2200.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - ...still is approved for relief of moderate to severe menopausal vasomotor symptoms in eligible women, its association with breast cancer, stroke, and heart disease in recent studies has led to greater interest in nonhormonal treatments. More than 60 percent of women 45 to 65 years of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2184.html

Quantum Sufficit - May 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - ...off or fired from their jobs and a higher risk for high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease, including heart attack, chest pain, and stroke. Unemployed women were in the poorest physical health, while employed women were the healthiest. Homemakers were comparable in health...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1868.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...Clinical Decision Rules and Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Am Fam Physician. 2005 May 1;71(9):1776-1778. Clinical Question: Which patients with atrial fibrillation would benefit from anticoagulation? Setting: Various (meta-analysis) Study Design: Decision rule (validation)...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1776.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...outpatient medical facilities, affects approximately 50 million Americans. Treatment of hypertension has been shown to reduce the risk for stroke, heart failure, myocardial infarction, end-stage renal disease, and peripheral vascular disease. Multiple studies have shown that...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1800.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2005 - ...Does Lipid Lowering Decrease Stroke Risk? Am Fam Physician. 2005 Apr 15;71(8):1595-1596. Clinical Question: In patients with or without heart disease, does lipid lowering decrease stroke risk? Setting: Outpatient (any) Study Design: Meta-analysis (randomized controlled trials)...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1595a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2005 - ...and the WHI study, in which an increase in cardiovascular events was evident. Both trials showed similar increases in breast cancer, stroke, and pulmonary embolism among HT users, as well as decreases in colon cancer and hip fracture. The WHI trial showed a nonsignificant decrease...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1600.html

AAFP News - Apr 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2005 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1469.html

Evaluation of the Patient with Muscle Weakness - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - Muscle weakness is a common complaint among patients presenting to family physicians. Diagnosis begins with a patient history distinguishing weakness from fatigue or asthenia, separate conditions with different etiologies that can coexist with, or be confused for, weakness. The pattern ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1327.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - ...Antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel has provided significant secondary prevention for patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIA) and ischemic stroke. The effect was superior to aspirin and varied with the subgroup of patients studied. In the international Management of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1421a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - ...perforation, gastric outlet obstruction, and hemodynamically important GI bleeding. Thromboembolic events included myocardial infarction and stroke, but not deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. The investigators who judged whether adverse events met the definitions used in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1399.html

Treatment of Cholesterol Abnormalities - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - Cardiovascular disease and its subset coronary heart disease are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States and worldwide. In general, higher levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, myocardial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1137.html

Treatment of Vertigo - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - Vertigo is the illusion of motion, usually rotational motion. As patients age, vertigo becomes an increasingly common presenting complaint. The most common causes of this condition are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, acute vestibular neuronitis or labyrinthitis, Ménière's ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1115.html

Quantum Sufficit - Mar 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...Can anger management prevent stroke? In a case-crossover study published in Neurology, 200 stroke patients completed a questionnaire about their emotional state in the two hours before the onset of their stroke, as well as in the same time period the day before. Researchers found...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1054.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...In the placebo-controlled trials, atenolol had no effect on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, or stroke. In the studies using other drugs, one study—the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE) reduction in hypertension study—included as many...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1177.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...study does not show a clear benefit of amlodipine over placebo in reducing the risk of other patient-oriented outcomes, including MI, stroke, all-cause hospitalization, or death. Therefore, the investigators simply may be measuring the effects of amlodipine as an antianginal...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1182a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...in all treatment groups. Chlorthalidone was found to be superior in preventing one or more major forms of cardiovascular disease, including stroke and heart failure. These findings resulted in the authors recommending that diuretics be the initial drug of choice and a part of any...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1216.html

What Should I Know About Cholesterol? - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...Heart attacks and strokes are the number one cause of death in the United States. Having high cholesterol levels puts you at greater risk for having a heart attack or stroke. Your risk also is higher if you: Smoke Do not exercise Are a man older than 45 years or a woman older than...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1147.html

Antiplatelet Therapy and Anticoagulation in Patients with Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2005 - Antiplatelet agents should not be used in patients with hypertension and no previous history of heart attack or stroke. However, these agents are recommended for use in hypertensive patients who already have vascular disease. Anticoagulants should not be used for prevention of vascular ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p897.html

Treatment of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Mar 1, 2005 - ...not mention some of the other serious problems associated with OSA (such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, psychiatric problems, impotence, cognitive dysfunction, memory loss, and death)2,3 that should be considered when discussing the...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p861.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - ...Caregiver Training and Outcomes in Stroke Patients Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 1;71(5):990-992. Because of improved management, many more survivors of acute stroke are discharged and sent home. These patients may be severely disabled and often are cared for by family members who...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p990.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - ...left ventricular internal, end-diastolic diameter). Exclusion criteria included acute myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, recent stroke, recent cardiac surgery or angioplasty, valvular heart disease, or hypotension or uncontrolled hypertension. The primary outcome was a...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p972a.html

ACS/ADA/AHA Issue Core Recommendations for Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, ...

Feb 15, 2005 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Diabetes Association (ADA), and the American Heart Association (AHA) have issued core recommendations for the prevention and early detection of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p806.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - ...with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). Aspirin or clopidogrel is recommended for patients with initial transient ischemic attack (TIA)/ischemic stroke, chronic stable angina, or peripheral arterial disease (because aspirin is less expensive, clopidogrel should be...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p775.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - ...After one year, the likelihood of stroke or death at 30 days or ipsilateral stroke or neurologic death from 31 days to one year was not significantly different (5.5 versus 8.4 percent). The authors added myocardial infarction to the original combined end point and, in that way, were...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p781.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - ...and high cholesterol levels. The complication paths included nephropathy, neuropathy, coronary heart disease (CHD), retinopathy, and stroke. Screening was incorporated into the model, with some patients identified earlier and slowly progressing toward complications. Screening...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p802a.html

Management of Hypertension in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - Antihypertensive therapy has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in older patients with elevated systolic or diastolic blood pressures. This benefit appears to persist in patients older than 80 years, but less than one third of older patients have adequate blood pressure ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p469.html

Linking the Hospital and the Office in Cardiovascular Secondary Prevention - Editorials...

Feb 1, 2005 - ...Cardiovascular disease and stroke cause 38.5 percent of all deaths in the United States.1 Despite the existence of guidelines for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology (ACC),2 many patients...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p430.html

Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2005 - ...Prevention of Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke. Warfarin should be used in women with chronic or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation to maintain the International Normalized Ratio at 2.0 to 3.0, unless the patient is considered to be at low risk for stroke or high risk for bleeding....

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p611.html

Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...although the evidence is strongest for fish and fish oil. The effects on specific outcomes (especially myocardial infarction [MI] and stroke) are uncertain, and the optimal quantity and type of omega-3 fatty acid, and the optimal ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid remain...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p612.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...presence of extrapyramidal signs, history of falls, presence of urinary incontinence, history of ischemic cardiac disease, and history of stroke. An early decline in MMSE score (at least a 5-point decline in the first year) also was associated with a decreased survival rate. The...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p567.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...significant reductions were noted for revascularization and unstable angina, while the rates of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke were not significantly changed. The benefits of intensive treatment were similar in men, women, and patients with diabetes. Those who began the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p578.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...study in a random subsample of 267 participants. The primary outcome was mortality, and secondary outcomes were myocardial infarction and stroke. Physical and cognitive functioning also were assessed. Baseline levels of total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p598.html

Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - ...although the evidence is strongest for fish and fish oil. The effects on specific outcomes (especially myocardial infarction [MI] and stroke) are uncertain, and the optimal quantity and type of omega-3 fatty acid, and the optimal ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid remain...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p387.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Jan 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - ...I pay a call on Helen in the nursing wing of a retirement community. Helen’s husband died of a stroke two years ago. Now, because of advancing parkinsonism, she requires round-the-clock nursing care from a staff that is refreshingly capable and affectionate. Helen’s daughter happens...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p276.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - ...one of the most frequently performed vascular surgeries, has been associated with significant reductions in rates of ischemic stroke in at least two large randomized controlled trials. Initial results indicated that endarterectomy was beneficial only in patients with stenosis of 70...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p356a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - ...Several recent trials of combination hormone therapy found that the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, venous thromboembolism, and breast cancer outweighed the benefits of therapy. The estrogen-only (conjugated equine estrogen [CEE]) arm of the Women’s Health Initiative...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p371a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - ...levels. The main outcome, determined by intention to treat, was a composite of first acute coronary event, coronary revascularization, or stroke. The study ended two years early because the predetermined threshold for the primary outcome was reached. By the time the study was...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p347a.html

AAFP News - Jan 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p229.html

Personalizing Prevention: The U.S. Surgeon General's Family History Initiative - ...

Jan 1, 2005 - ...the information. Although this campaign ultimately will encompass many diseases, the initial focus currently is on heart disease; diabetes; stroke; and breast, ovarian, and colon cancers. In addition, there are two open entries for other diseases specific to a given family. The...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p36.html

Quantum Sufficit - Jan 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2005 - ...Women’s Health Initiative found that patients who have taken oral contraceptives have a 7 percent lower risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Reported on MSNBC.com and at a conference of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the study also found that patients who have...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p28.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2005 - ...How Critical Is Time in the Treatment of Stroke? Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jan 1;71(1):171-172. Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is believed to provide effective thrombolysis for ischemic stroke if given within three hours of symptom onset. More recent...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p171a.html

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