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hypertension

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Chronic Bronchitis: Primary Care Management - American Family Physician

May 15, 1998 - Chronic bronchitis is a clinical diagnosis characterized by a cough productive of sputum for over three months' duration during two consecutive years and the presence of airflow obstruction. Pulmonary function testing aids in the diagnosis of chronic bronchitis by documenting the extent...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2365.html

Chronic Conditions Online CME Course | AAFP

Gain a wide-ranging overview of family medicine-specific content related to chronic conditions with this AAFP self-study CME course. Earn 29.25 CME credits.

https://www.aafp.org/cme/all/chronic-conditions/self-study.html

Chronic Cough - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2093.html

Chronic Critical Limb Ischemia: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Chronic critical limb ischemia is manifested by pain at rest, nonhealing wounds and gangrene. Ischemic rest pain is typically described as a burning pain in the arch or distal foot that occurs while the patient is recumbent but is relieved when the patient returns to a position in which...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1899.html

Chronic Disease Care -- FPM Topic Collection

Jul 22, 2010 - This article collection features popular FPM content on the subject of chronic disease care. This article collection features popular FPM content on the subject of chronic disease care.

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=47

Chronic Dyspnea: Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family Physician

May 1, 2020 - Dyspnea is a symptom arising from a complex interplay of diseases and physiologic states and is commonly encountered in primary care. It is considered chronic if present for more than one month. As a symptom, dyspnea is a predictor for all-cause mortality. The likeliest causes of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p542.html

Chronic Illness and Sexual Functioning - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Chronic illness and its treatments can have a negative impact on sexual functioning. The mechanism of interference may be neurologic, vascular, endocrinologic, musculoskeletal, or psychologic. Patients may mistakenly perceive a medical prohibition to the resumption of sexual activity, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p347.html

Chronic Illness and Sexual Functioning -- American Family Physician

...risk factors* Three or more risk factors Unstable or refractory angina Stable angina Moderate, stable angina Uncontrolled hypertension Controlled hypertension Six weeks or less since myocardial infarction NYHA class III/IV congestive heart failure More than 6 weeks since NYHA class...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/afp20030115p347.pdf

Chronic Kidney Disease: Detection and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2017 - Chronic kidney disease affects 47 million people in the United States and is associated with significant health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Because this disease can silently progress to advanced stages, early detection is critical for initiating timely interventions. Multiple ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1215/p776.html

Chronic Kidney Disease: Detection and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - Chronic kidney disease affects an estimated 27 million adults in the United States, and is associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Patients should be assessed annually to determine whether they are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1138.html

Chronic Kidney Disease: Prevention and Treatment of Common Complications - American ...

Nov 15, 2004 - Chronic kidney disease is a progressive condition that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Because of the important role the kidneys play in maintaining homeostasis, chronic kidney disease can affect almost every body system. Early recognition and intervention are essential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/p1921.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes -- American Family ...

...Purpuric rash, nonspecific swelling Hematuria and proteinuria if renal involvement; check for hypertension; urinalysis at least monthly for six months to evaluate for renal involvement Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Three subtypes distinguished by the number of affected joints:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/afp20060715p293.pdf

Chronic Neck Pain - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2009 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p595.html

Chronic Nonallergic Rhinitis - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - Chronic nonallergic rhinitis encompasses a group of rhinitis subtypes without allergic or infectious etiologies. Although chronic nonallergic rhinitis represents about one-fourth of rhinitis cases and impacts 20 to 30 million patients in the United States, its pathophysiology is unclear...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p171.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related issues, including acute and chronic COPD, spirometry, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, corticosteriods, and pulmonary complications. This collection features AFP content on chronic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=32

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnosis and Management

April 1, 2017:Date xx, xxxx

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/afp20170401p433.pdf

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2017 - The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be suspected in patients with risk factors (primarily a history of smoking) who report dyspnea at rest or with exertion, chronic cough with or without sputum production, or a history of wheezing. COPD may be suspected ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p433.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnostic Considerations - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2006 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by the gradual progression of irreversible airflow obstruction and increased inflammation in the airways and lung parenchyma that is generally distinguishable from the inflammation caused by asthma. Most chronic obstructive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p669.html

Chronic Pancreatitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2007 - Chronic pancreatitis is the progressive and permanent destruction of the pancreas resulting in exocrine and endocrine insufficiency and, often, chronic disabling pain. The etiology is multifactorial. Alcoholism plays a significant role in adults, whereas genetic and structural defects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1679.html

Chronic Rash in a Middle-Aged Woman

...cream, but never fully resolved. She had a history of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, chronic foot ulcer, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. Physical exami- nation revealed multiple dark plaques that extended from the left buttock to the back of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/afp20120515p987.pdf

Chronic Rash in a Middle-Aged Woman - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

May 15, 2012 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p987.html

Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2020 - Chronic wounds are those that do not progress through a normal, orderly, and timely sequence of repair. They are common and are often incorrectly treated. The morbidity and associated costs of chronic wounds highlight the need to implement wound prevention and treatment guidelines. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p159.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family...

Sep 1, 2006 - Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with the majority of preventable cases attributed to excessive alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Cirrhosis often is an indolent disease; most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p756.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part II. Complications and Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2006 - Major complications of cirrhosis include ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, and hepatorenal syndrome. Diagnostic studies on ascitic fluid should include a differential leukocyte count, total protein level, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p767.html

Cirrhosis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2019 - Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. Newer research has established that liver fibrosis is a dynamic process and that early cirrhosis may be reversible. Only one in three people with cirrhosis knows they have it. Most patients with cirrhosis remain ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p759.html

Cirrhosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention

...Portal hypertension results in an increase in hydrostatic pressure within the splanchnic bed. Decreased oncotic pressure caused by decreased protein synthesis may con- tribute to the condition. Ascites should be treated with salt restriction and diuretics.8,15 Diuretic regimens...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/afp20111215p1353.pdf

Cirrhosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2011 - Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. It accounted for 29,165 deaths in 2007, with a mortality rate of 9.7 per 100,000 persons. Alcohol abuse and viral hepatitis are the most common causes of cirrhosis, although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is emerging ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1353.html

Clarification About Smoking Cessation Interventions - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Apr 15, 2007 - ...should be implemented in primary care settings.2,3 Their position also runs counter to how other major chronic medical conditions such as hypertension and diabetes are to be addressed. A physician would be expected to address elevated blood pressure or blood glucose levels in a...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1151.html

Clinical Briefs - Apr 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - ...patients and 101 physicians (primarily cardiologists and family physicians) showed that 36 percent of patients who are being treated for hypertension have changed medications at least once because of severe side effects. The dosage of their current medication had to be adjusted at...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2545.html

Clinical Briefs - Aug 01, 1998 - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1998 - ...maleate ophthalmic solution (Cosopt) for the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who do not respond adequately to treatment with beta blockers alone. It is the first eye drop that combines a topical carbonic...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0801/p575.html

Clinical Briefs - Dec 01, 1998 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1998 - ...pneumonia, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. The manual also has professional educational handouts, such as Practical Interventions for Eating-Related Behavioral Problems in...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1201/p2171.html

Clinical Briefs - Dec 1, 2002 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - ...Updated Recommendations to Prevent Hypertension The National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP) has updated its recommendations to prevent hypertension. The recommendations appear in the October 16, 2002 issue of JAMA. New recommendations include adequate intake of...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2168.html

Clinical Briefs - Dec 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2000 - ...care, visit frequency and laboratory determinations. Special considerations, such as hospitalizations, hypoglycemia, retinopathy, hypertension, nephropathy, neuropathy, cardiovascular disease and early pregnancy management are also discussed. Climatic Heat Stress and Exercise in...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1215/p2704.html

Clinical Briefs - Feb 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1998 - ...diabetes mellitus. Risk factors may include the following: a family history of coronary heart disease; cigarette smoking; hypertension; obesity (more than 120 percent desirable weight; body mass index of more than 28 in women and 27 in men); albuminuria; and high lipid levels (total...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0215/p876.html

Clinical Briefs - Feb 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - ...According to the report, about 38 percent of people with emphysema, 25 percent of people with asthma, 20 percent of people with hypertension or cardiovascular problems, and 18.5 percent of people with diabetes reported in 2000 that they continued to smoke. In addition, three out of...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p887.html

Clinical Briefs - Jan 15, 1999 - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - ...and hypogonadal conditions. Thromboembolic disease, endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer, endometriosis, breast cancer, and hypertension and weight gain are the risk factors discussed. According to ACOG, studies have shown unquestionably that estrogen replacement therapy...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p477.html

Clinical Briefs - Jul 1, 2002 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2002 - ...granted marketing approval for olmesartan medoxomil (Benicar). Olmesartan is an angiotensin II receptor blocker for the treatment of hypertension. It may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. According to the manufacturer, olmesartan works by blocking...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p164.html

Clinical Briefs - Jul 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2003 - ...present during childhood, there is no consensus on the optimal assessment and treatment of insulin resistance syndrome (i.e., obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hyper-insulinemia). The American Heart Association has issued a statement reviewing risk factors for these...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p382.html

Clinical Briefs - Jun 1, 2003 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - ...to be taken by unknowing nitrate users is real, because erectile dysfunction is often a concurrent condition in patients with diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipi-demia, and in smokers and patients with ischemic heart disease. Consumers who have used this product and have medical...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2417.html

Clinical Briefs - Jun 15, 2001 - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2001 - ...report states that one in three hospitalized patients has two or more comorbidities. In addition to their main diagnosis, one fifth have hypertension, which can complicate treatment of the primary diagnosis. The second most common comorbidity is fluid and electrolyte disorders,...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/p2467.html

Clinical Briefs - Mar 1, 1998 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - ...The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a new warning in the labeling of mibefradil (Posicor), a treatment for hypertension and chronic angina. The label now provides additional information about two risks associated with the drug: extremely low heart rates, and, when...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1148.html

Clinical Briefs - Mar 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1998 - ...is indicated for obese persons with an initial body mass index of 30 or more, or 27 or more in the presence of other risk factors such as hypertension or diabetes. Sibutramine is a neurotransmitter reuptake inhibitor that merely enhances the body's normal function. It works by...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1433.html

Clinical Briefs - May 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - ...selectively blocking aldosterone receptors. Clinical studies suggest that aldosterone contributes to the development and progression of hypertension. Eplerenone can be administered separately or in combination with other antihypertensive therapies. Side effects include dizziness,...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2227.html

Clinical Briefs - May 15, 2004 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2004 - ...have failed. Bariatric surgery has been shown to have salutary effects on obesity-related diabetes, hypertension, lipid profiles, and quality of life. Comorbidities such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia should be managed intensively. For sedentary patients, a comment such as, It...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/p2479.html

Clinical Briefs - Nov 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - ...complications of insulin-treated diabetes (such as hypoglycemia) and the long-term complications of diabetes (such as renal disease, hypertension and cardiovascular disease). Improvement of overall health through optimal nutrition. The ADA statement discusses the various aspects of...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2152.html

Clinical Briefs - Oct 1, 1998 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - ...in death rates among black adults and white men may reflect improved early detection of and changes in the management of patients with hypertension, myocardial infarction and heart failure. A statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) regarding the report in MMWR says that...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1219.html

Clinical Briefs - Oct 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - ...Good evidence suggests that treatment of hypertension lowers the risk for CHD events in women, and that these benefits may be greater in black women. Fair or good evidence suggests that the use of diagnostic tests and treatments may differ by gender. Men are more likely than women...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1667.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 1, 1999 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - ...by the pregnancy. The three leading causes of pregnancy-related death, according to the report, were hemorrhage, pregnancy-induced hypertension and embolism. Black women are at greater risk than white women for dying from all pregnancy-related complications. The report notes that...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p1023.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1998 - ...Salt Intake and Hypertension At the 13th International Interdisciplinary Conference on Hypertension in Blacks, the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks (ISHIB) reiterated its position statement that modest dietary salt avoidance is almost always helpful and is of no...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p1009.html

Clinical Briefs - Sep 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2003 - ...heart attacks or strokes in persons at average risk and to avoid the need for intensive pharmacotherapy to control risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. Behaviors targeted for change include diets high in cholesterol, saturated fat, salt, and calories, and...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0915/p1224.html

Clinical Case Managers Improve Chronic Care Outcomes

Clinical Case Managers Improve Chronic Care Outcomes

AAFP News : Fresh Perspectives: New Docs in Practice | AAFP News Blog : Blogs

https://www.aafp.org/news/blogs/freshperspectives/entry/clinical_case_managers_improve_chronic.html

Clinical Decision Tools -- FPM Toolbox

Apr 27, 2016 - Download algorithms, calculators, and other tools to help you treat hypertension, adjust warfarin levels, and more.

Family Practice Management : FPM Toolbox : Clinical Decision Tools

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/toolBox/viewToolType.htm?toolTypeId=29

Clinical Diagnosis of Gout Without Joint Aspirate - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Sep 15, 2016 - Gout is ideally diagnosed through identification of characteristic negatively birefringent crystals under polarized light microscopy in fluid aspirated from end-organ deposits, typically from a joint. However, fewer than 10% of patients with gout see a rheumatologist, and most cases of ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p505.html

Clinical Evaluation of Bleeding and Bruising in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2016 - Bleeding and bruising are common symptoms in the primary care setting. The patient history can help determine whether the bruising or bleeding is abnormal. The International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis has developed a bleeding assessment tool that can be used to indicate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p279.html

Clinical Evidence Handbook Department Collection - American Family Physician

This collection is a series of chapters excerpted from Clinical Evidence Handbook, published by the BMJ Publishing Group. They offer systematic reviews of evidence supporting key treatment recommendations on important clinical topics.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=69&page=0

Clinical Evidence Handbook Department Collection - American Family Physician

This collection is a series of chapters excerpted from Clinical Evidence Handbook, published by the BMJ Publishing Group. They offer systematic reviews of evidence supporting key treatment recommendations on important clinical topics.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=69

Clinical Indicators of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

...for Clinical Sys- tems Improvement, the following clinical indicators may suggest a significant risk of OSA: awakening with choking, hypertension, intense snoring, large neck circumference, male sex, postmenopause, obesity, apnea or choking as reported by sleep partner, atrial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/afp20110501od1.pdf

Clinical Indicators of Obstructive Sleep Apnea - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

May 1, 2011 - Clinical indicators (e.g., sex, snoring severity, history of apnea, age, menopausal status, waist-to-hip ratio, body habitus) can predict OSA as diagnosed using overnight polysomnography or sleep study.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/od1.html

Clinical Management of Urinary Incontinence in Women

...dizziness, and headache.27 Increased blood pressure can also occur, and mirabegron should not be used in patients with uncontrolled hypertension.27 When used with an anticholinergic, the risk of urinary retention increases.27 OnabotulinumtoxinA. Also recently approved by the FDA,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/afp20130501p634.pdf

Clinical Management of Urinary Incontinence in Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2013 - Most cases of urinary incontinence in women fall under one of three major subtypes: urge, stress, or mixed. A stepped-care approach that advances from least invasive (behavioral modification) to more invasive (surgery) interventions is recommended. Bladder retraining and pelvic floor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/p634.html

Clinical Practice Guideline: Planning for Labor and Vaginal Birth After Cesarean

Cesarean deliveries are a common surgical procedure in the United States, accounting for one in three U.S. births. The primary purpose of this guideline is to provide clinicians with evidence to guide planning for labor and vaginal birth after cesarean (LAC/VBAC).

Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/clinical_recommendations/AAFP%20PVBAC%20guideline.pdf

Clinical Practice Guidelines

View all clinical practice guidelines.

|AAFP Policies and Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/family-physician/patient-care/clinical-recommendations/clinical-practice-guidelines/clinical-practice-guidelines.html

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults: Part 1. Definition, ...

Sep 1, 2004 - In February 2002, the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative of the National Kidney Foundation published clinical practice guidelines on chronic kidney disease. The first six of the 15 guidelines are of the greatest relevance to family physicians. Part I of this two-part article ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p869.html

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults: Part I. Definition, ...

...of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease. Risk fac- tors for chronic kidney disease include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, family history of chronic kidney disease, age older than 60 years, and U.S. racial or ethnic minority status. The guidelines...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/afp20040901p869.pdf

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults: Part II. Glomerular ...

Sep 15, 2004 - The Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative of the National Kidney Foundation published clinical practice guidelines on chronic kidney disease in February 2002. Of the 15 guidelines, the first six are of greatest relevance to family physicians. Part II of this two-part review covers ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1091.html

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults: Part II. Glomerular ...

...Increased excretion of albumin is a sensitive marker of chronic kidney disease resulting from diabetes mellitus, glomerular disease, or hypertension. In the NKF guidelines,1,2 the term pro- teinuria refers to increased urinary excre- tion of albumin, other specific proteins, or...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/afp20040915p1091.pdf

Clinical Preventive Services Recommendations

View all clinical preventive serivces recommendations.

|AAFP Policies and Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/family-physician/patient-care/clinical-recommendations/clinical-practice-guidelines/clinical-preventive-services-recommendations.html

Clinical Review of Recent Findings on the Awareness, Diagnosis and Treatment of ...

May 15, 2000 - In response to the widespread problem of depression in the United States, the American Medical Association (AMA) has conducted a clinical review on the diagnosis and management of depression.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3158.html

Clinical Vignettes in Geriatric Depression

...(Table 412). Therefore, care should be taken to avoid serotonin syndrome, which is manifested as autonomic (e.g., hyperther- mia, hypertension, tachycardia), neuromo- tor (e.g., hyperreflexia, myoclonus, tremors) or cognitive/behavioral (e.g., confusion, anxiety, hallucinations)...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/afp20111115p1149.pdf

Clinical Vignettes in Geriatric Depression - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - The diagnosis of depression in older patients is often complicated by comorbid conditions, such as cerebrovascular disease or dementia. Tools specific for this age group, such as the Geriatric Depression Scale or the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, may assist in making the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1149.html

Clinically Relevant Drug-Drug Interactions in Primary Care - American Family Physician

May 1, 2019 - Drug interactions are common in the primary care setting and are usually predictable. Identifying the most important and clinically relevant drug interactions in primary care is essential to patient safety. Strategies for reducing the risk of drug-drug interactions include minimizing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p558.html

Clinically Significant Drug Interactions - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - A large number of drugs are introduced every year, and new interactions between medications are increasingly reported. Consequently, it is no longer practical for physicians to rely on memory alone to avoid potential drug interactions. Multiple drug regimens carry the risk of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1745.html

Cloudy Pleural Fluid on Thoracentesis - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - A man with a history of COPD from long-term tobacco use presented to the ER with worsening shortness of breath over the past week.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p307.html

Club Drugs: MDMA, Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Rohypnol, and Ketamine - American Family...

Jun 1, 2004 - Club drugs are substances commonly used at nightclubs, music festivals, raves, and dance parties to enhance social intimacy and sensory stimulation. The most widely used club drugs are 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), also known as ecstasy; gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB); ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2619.html

Club Drugs: MDMA, Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Rohypnol, and Ketamine - American Family...

...except for flunitrazepam, a benzodiazepine that responds to flumazenil. Special care must be taken for immediate control of hyperthermia, hypertension, rhab- domyolysis, and serotonin syndrome. Severe drug reactions can occur even with a small dose and may require critical care....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/afp20040601p2619.pdf

Clues That Your High Blood Pressure Is Due to Some Underlying and Treatable Condition -...

Oct 1, 2017 - ...related article on secondary hypertension What causes high blood pressure? Most of the time when people have high blood pressure, the cause is unknown. This is called primary hypertension. However, a few people may have something called secondary hypertension. This means that there...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p453-s1.html

Cluster Headache

...Hyperglycemia, hypertension, increased appetite, insomnia, nervousness May be useful for bridging therapy; no adequate randomized controlled trials are available18 Suboccipital injection: 12.46 mg of betamethasone dipropionate plus 5.26 mg of betamethasone disodium phosphate...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/afp20130715p122.pdf

Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - Cluster headache causes severe unilateral temporal or periorbital pain, lasting 15 to 180 minutes and accompanied by autonomic symptoms in the nose, eyes, and face. Headaches often recur at the same time each day during the cluster period, which can last for weeks to months. Some ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p122.html

Coaching Patients About Successful Blood Pressure Management - Lown Right Care: ...

Mar 15, 2019 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering heath care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/p357.html

Cochrane for Clinicians

...Hypertension, and Dyslipidemia) Satisfy your Maintenance of Certification Performance in Practice and Self-Assessment requirements in a single stage. Earn up to 116 AAFP Prescribed credits. Improve care among your patient panel with cardiometabolic conditions: diabetes,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/afp20160601p914.pdf

Cochrane for Clinicians

...Hypertension, and Dyslipidemia) Satisfy your Maintenance of Certification Performance in Practice and Self-Assessment requirements in a single stage. Earn up to 116 AAFP Prescribed credits. Improve care among your patient panel with cardiometabolic conditions: diabetes,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/afp20160601p915.pdf

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Mar 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - NPH insulin and metformin taken at bedtime appears to be the most favorable combination studied, but this conclusion is based on poor-quality, inconsistent studies that measure disease-oriented outcomes. There are no data on the effect of these drug combinations on patient-oriented ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p899.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Although no difference in effectiveness has been demonstrated in existing trials, too few patients have been studied to detect small but clinically important differences in pregnancy rates. Low-dose estrogen pills have higher rates of discontinuation and bleeding disturbances.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians Department Collection - American Family Physician

These are summaries of reviews from the Cochrane Library.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=75

Cochrane for Clinicians Department Collection - American Family Physician

These are summaries of reviews from the Cochrane Library.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=75&page=0

Coding "Routine" Office visits: 99213 or 99214? -- Family Practice Management

...hypertension to the clinical scenario, the calculation of the medical decision making changes. In this case, you would garner three problem points (two points for the established, worsening problem of osteoarthritis and one point for the estab- lished, stable problem of...

Family Practice Management

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2005/0900/fpm20050900p52.pdf

Coding "Routine" Office Visits: 99213 or 99214? -- FPM

Sep 1, 2005 - Before choosing 99213 for routine visits, consider whether your work qualifies for a 99214.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2005/0900/p52.html

Coding & Documentation - Apr 2001 -- FPM

Apr 1, 2001 - ...FPM, especially as it pertains to an established patient. It is not rare to have an elderly patient come into the office with diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease and a new onset of dizziness or fatigue. The work-up requires level-V history and level-V decision making,...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2001/0400/p16.html

Coding & Documentation - Apr 2004 -- FPM

Apr 1, 2004 - ...if a physician tells a patient with hypertension to return to the office every six months for a blood-pressure check, 99211 should be used because the blood-pressure check is medically necessary to evaluate and manage the patient’s hypertension. On the other hand, if every patient...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2004/0400/p23.html

Coding & Documentation - Apr 2006 -- FPM

Apr 1, 2006 - ...A rehabilitation physician has requested my consultation for management of problems such as hypertension and diabetes. His patients are in the acute rehab unit of the hospital and have no other primary care physician. He is recognized as the attending. How should I code these...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2006/0400/p31.html

Coding & Documentation - Feb 2001 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2001 - ...or concerns about hypertension and elevated triglycerides that we address, can we charge the biopsy code plus an office visit code? A Yes. If the work otherwise associated with an E/M service, such as 99212, is done to address his concerns about hypertension and elevated...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2001/0200/p14.html

Coding & Documentation - Feb 2003 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2003 - ...In the documentation guidelines, what constitutes status of a chronic disease, and how should it be documented (e.g., pt has diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, or pt has well-controlled dm on X with glucoses X, etc. )? A The documentation guidelines don’t address your point...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2003/0200/p23.html

Coding & Documentation - Jan-Feb 2015 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2015 - ...A nurse practitioner in our practice provided a follow-up visit for hypertension. The encounter met all the requirements for billing incident to the physician, except that the patient also presented with a new complaint, for which an antibiotic was prescribed. How should this be...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2015/0100/p32.html

Coding & Documentation - Jan-Feb 2016 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2016 - ...Coding for Hypertension: Painting a Picture of the Severity of Illness A Refresher on Medical Necessity Editor's Collections Coding & Documentation Related Topic Searches Time-based coding MOST RECENT ISSUE Mar-Apr 2021 Access the latest issue of FPM journal...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2016/0100/p34.html

Coding & Documentation - Jan-Feb 2017 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2017 - ...Coding for Hypertension: Painting a Picture of the Severity of Illness Coding Level 4 Office Visits Using the New E/M Guidelines Coding Changes for Family Medicine in 2018 Editor's Collections Documentation Guidelines Coding & Documentation Related Topic Searches...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2017/0100/p35.html

Coding & Documentation - Jan-Feb 2018 -- FPM

Feb 1, 2018 - Reciprocal billing during extended absences | ICD-10 coding for accidents without injury | Removal of impacted cerumen

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2018/0100/p33.html

Coding & Documentation - Jul 1999 -- FPM

Aug 1, 1999 - ...How do I bill for obstetric services provided in the hospital — such as evaluating a patient with preterm contractions or hypertension, or ruling out rupture of membranes — when the evaluation doesn't lead to admission? By my reading of the global maternity care codes, these...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/1999/0700/p12.html

Coding & Documentation - Jul 2003 -- FPM

Aug 1, 2003 - ...services codes (99201–99215). For example, if a surgeon calls you in to evaluate and manage pre-existing medical conditions (e.g., hypertension and diabetes) for which you have previously seen the patient, an established patient office or other outpatient services code (99211–99215)...

Family Practice Management : Coding & Documentation

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2003/0700/p25.html

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