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Fecal Occult Blood Tests Reduce Colorectal Cancer Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Jun 1, 2007 - Fecal occult blood testing reduces colorectal cancer mortality by 16 percent. Annual testing and rehydration of samples increases testing sensitivity but also increases the number of false-positive results.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1652.html

Feeding Tubes in Patients with Sever Dementia -- American Family Physician

...important because the prevalence of demen- tia will continue to rise as the population ages. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease, and its prevalence will nearly quadruple in the next 50 years, by which time approximately one in 45 Ameri- cans will have the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/afp20020415p1605.pdf

Feeding Tubes in Patients with Severe Dementia - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - Patients with advanced dementia are among the most challenging patients to care for because they are often bedridden and dependent in all activities of daily living. Difficulty with eating is especially prominent and distresses family members and health care professionals. Health care ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1605.html

Fewer Deaths/Strokes/Revascularizations with Metformin Than Glipizide

...Fewer Deaths/Strokes/ Revascularizations with Metformin Than Glipizide Clinical Question Does metformin (Glucophage) affect car- diovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Bottom Line Over five years, treatment with metformin for three years, with other...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/afp20140115p131a.pdf

Fewer Deaths/Strokes/Revascularizations with Metformin Than Glipizide

...Fewer Deaths/Strokes/ Revascularizations with Metformin Than Glipizide Clinical Question Does metformin (Glucophage) affect car- diovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Bottom Line Over five years, treatment with metformin for three years, with other...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/afp20140115p136.pdf

Fewer Deaths/Strokes/Revascularizations with Metformin Than Glipizide - POEMs - ...

Jan 15, 2014 - Over five years, treatment with metformin for three years, with other hypoglycemics as needed, reduced the likelihood of death, nonfatal stroke, or the need for vascularization compared with treatment beginning with glipizide (Glucotrol). Cardiovascular events were not individually ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p131.html

Fewer Major Bleeds with Edoxaban Than with Warfarin, but Treatment Benefit Unclear - ...

May 15, 2014 - Edoxaban provides similar effectiveness and a somewhat lower rate of major gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding than warfarin. It is worth reading the supplemental appendices to this report for a look at the subgroups. For almost all subgroups, low-dose edoxaban caused less major ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p827.html

Fewer Subsequent Strokes with Ticagrelor Plus Aspirin than with Aspirin Alone - POEMs -... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - For patients with mild to moderate acute nonembolic ischemic stroke, treatment with ticagrelor plus aspirin for 30 days resulted in fewer subsequent strokes but similar overall disability and an increase in severe bleeding compared with aspirin alone.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p249.html

Finding Out About Incontinence - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1998 - ...A stroke, Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease can cause damage to the bladder nerves. Diabetes, cancer, radiation or surgery in your pelvic area or prostate area can cause damage to the bladder nerves. Your bladder might be irritated by infection, bladder stones, cancer or...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2688.html

First-Line Treatment for Hypertension - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2010 - In comparing the effects of thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) with placebo, thiazide diuretics lowered mortality and morbidity from stroke, heart attack, and heart failure more than beta blockers.1 ACE ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1333.html

Fitness-Related Cardiac Arrhythmias - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - How many clinicians are aware that high levels of physical fitness predispose patients to cardiac rhythm abnormalities? Find out more.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p78.html

Flexible Insulin Regimens for People with Type 1 Diabetes - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - ...Next: Preventing Ischemic Strokes and Treating Transient Ischemic Attacks View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 60/No. 8(November 15, 1999) / Flexible Insulin Regimens for People with Type 1 Diabetes...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2355.html

Flibanserin Ineffective for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Women - POEMs - ...

Sep 1, 2016 - Flibanserin produces a minimal effect on sexual desire and minimally increases the number of satisfying sexual events in women (less than one-half an event per month increase). Many women will be unable to tolerate the adverse effects.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p384a.html

Flu Vaccine, Car Seats, PTSD, Kidney Stones, Bridging Warfarin - AFP Clinical Answers -...

Oct 15, 2019 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal's content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p462.html

Fluticasone or Salmeterol Alone vs. Combination Therapy for COPD - AFP Journal Club - ...

Mar 1, 2008 - Is fluticasone plus salmeterol better than fluticasone or salmeterol alone for treating patients with COPD? Anticholinergics are the bronchodilators of choice. Neither fluticasone nor the combination of fluticasone and salmeterol were no better than placebo at preventing mortality.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p586.html

Food Allergies: Detection and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - Family physicians play a central role in the suspicion and diagnosis of immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergies, but they are also critical in redirecting the evaluation for symptoms that patients are falsely attributing to allergies. Although any food is a potential allergen, more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1678.html

For Hyperlipidemia, Go Where the Evidence Takes You: Give a Statin and Nothing Else - ...

Nov 1, 2010 - Only statins have patient-oriented evidence supporting their role in reducing all-cause mortality. The NCEP–ATP III guidelines offer a nine-step approach for reaching target lipid levels, but the application to everyday practice is far simpler: If a patient with hyperlipidemia has ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1063.html

For Three-Vessel Disease, but Not Left Main Disease, CABG Is Preferred Over PCI - POEMs...

Jun 1, 2020 - For patients with left main disease, PCI with a drug-eluting stent and CABG had similar all-cause mortality rates at 10 years. For those with three-vessel disease, CABG is associated with lower 10-year mortality.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p698.html

FPIN's Clinical Inquiries Department Collection - American Family Physician

Clinical Inquiries from the Family Physicians Inquiries Network (FPIN) provide short, concise, evidence-based answers to clinical questions common in family medicine. The answers include a summary of the evidence and commentary that puts the answers into perspective.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=12

FPIN's Clinical Inquiries Department Collection - American Family Physician

Clinical Inquiries from the Family Physicians Inquiries Network (FPIN) provide short, concise, evidence-based answers to clinical questions common in family medicine. The answers include a summary of the evidence and commentary that puts the answers into perspective.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=12&page=0

Fracture Prevention in Postmenopausal Women - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

May 15, 2008 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1447.html

Fracture Prevention in Postmenopausal Women - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Jun 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2151.html

Frailty: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Frailty, which is a geriatric syndrome that affects 5% to 17% of older adults, is a state of increased vulnerability across multiple health domains that leads to adverse health outcomes. Frail older adults are at increased risk of falls, disability, hospitalizations, and death. Frailty ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p219.html

Frontotemporal Dementia: A Review for Primary Care Physicians

...Diagnosis The diagnosis of FTD requires a thorough history, especially family history of demen- tia, and physical examination, with a focus on the timing and rate of progression of symptoms, and behavioral and personality changes over the previous months or years. Clinical consensus...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/afp20101201p1372.pdf

Frontotemporal Dementia: A Review for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2010 - Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is one of the most common forms of dementia in persons younger than 65 years. Variants include behavioral variant FTD, semantic dementia, and progressive nonfluent aphasia. Behavioral and language manifestations are core features of FTD, and patients have ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1372.html

Frostbite, Antiplatelet Therapy, Stuttering, Asthma, Cardioversion - AFP Clinical ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p525.html

Functional Decline in Older Adults

...affective disorders, ophthalmo- logic and auditory disorders, and fractures. Some conditions are rare but highly dis- abling (e.g., stroke), whereas others are less disabling but common (e.g., arthritis).8 The disabling effects vary depending on the task the patient is trying to...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/afp20130915p388.pdf

Functional Decline in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2013 - Functional disability is common in older adults. It is often episodic and is associated with a high risk of subsequent health decline. The severity of disability is determined by physical impairments caused by underlying medical conditions, and by external factors such as social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p388.html

Gait and Balance Disorders in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2010 - Gait and balance disorders are common in older adults and are a major cause of falls in this population. They are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as reduced level of function. Common causes include arthritis and orthostatic hypotension; however, most gait and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p61.html

General Health Checks in Adults for Reducing Disease-Related Morbidity and Mortality - ...

Dec 1, 2019 - General health check visits have no benefit on cardiovascular morbidity or on total, cardiovascular, or cancer-related mortality. There is also no evidence that they cause patient harm.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p676.html

General Parenting Strategies: Practical Suggestions for Common Child Behavior Issues - ...

May 15, 2018 - Parents often seek guidance from physicians on child behavior problems. Questions may range from general parenting strategies to managing specific child behaviors. Physicians and their staff can identify problematic parent-child interactions or behaviors within the office setting and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p642.html

Geometric Rash on the Leg - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2018 - A healthy 62-year-old woman presented with a pruritic rash on her ankle three days after applying a lidocaine patch.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p531.html

Geriatric Failure to Thrive - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - In elderly patients, failure to thrive describes a state of decline that is multifactorial and may be caused by chronic concurrent diseases and functional impairments. Manifestations of this condition include weight loss, decreased appetite, poor nutrition, and inactivity. Four ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p343.html

Geriatric Failure to Thrive - American Family Physician

...with failure to thrive was 15.9 percent.9 Failure to thrive should not be considered a normal consequence of aging, a synonym for demen- tia, the inevitable result of a chronic disease, or a descriptor of the later stages of a terminal disease.3 Initial Evaluation Four syndromes...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/afp20040715p343.pdf

Geriatric Screening and Preventive Care - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Preventive health care decisions and recommendations become more complex as the population ages. The leading causes of death (i.e., heart disease, malignant neoplasms, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic lower respiratory disease) among older adults mirror the actual causes of death ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p206.html

Gestational Diabetes and Nutrition - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - ...Previous: Symptoms and Signs of Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack Next: Early Interventions May Prevent Adolescent, Adult Obesity View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 80/No. 1(July 1, 2009) / Gestational Diabetes and Nutrition...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p57-s1.html

Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: A Practice Bulletin from ACOG - Practice ...

Nov 15, 2019 - Globally, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are one of the main causes of maternal death. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has released a practice bulletin to outline diagnosis and treatment recommendations for these conditions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p649.html

Ginkgo Biloba - American Family Physician

...However, this study included patients with age-associated memory impairment rather than just persons with demen- tia, which may have limited the statistical power of its con- clusions about the role of ginkgo in dementia.22 A randomized, placebo-controlled trial23 of the effects...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/afp20030901p923.pdf

Global Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: Assessment and Application - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2010 - Coronary heart disease is the most common cause of death in the United States. The conventional risk factor approach to primary prevention excludes many patients who could benefit from preventive therapies. A global risk approach allows more accurate estimates of risk to guide clinical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p265.html

Global Risk of Coronoary Heart Disease: Assessment and Application

...daily for men 45 to 79 years of age in whom potential benefit outweighs potential harms; in women 55 to 79 years of age, decision depends on stroke risk BP = blood pressure; CHD = coronary heart disease; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; NA = not...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/afp20100801p265.pdf

Global Warming and Your Health

...Heat stress makes people sick Heat stroke can be deadly Everyone, but especially older people and children Average temperatures are warmer, summers last longer Increase in infectious diseases, especially those carried by insects Everyone, but especially people who live...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/afp20110801p282.pdf

Global Warming and Your Health - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - ...Heat stroke can be deadly Average temperatures are warmer, summers last longer Increase in infectious diseases, especially those carried by insects Everyone, but especially people who live in countries that don't have good public health care systems Air pollution gets...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p282.html

Glucose Management in Hospitalized Patients

November 15, 2017:Date xx, xxxx

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/afp20171115p648.pdf

Glucose Management in Hospitalized Patients - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2017 - Glucose management in hospitalized patients poses challenges to physicians, including identifying blood glucose targets, judicious use of oral diabetes mellitus medications, and implementing appropriate insulin regimens. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels can lead to deleterious effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p648.html

Goals for Lowering Your Cholesterol - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2001 - ...A high cholesterol level can increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. You have an even higher risk if you also have other risk factors, such as: Age over 45 for men and over 55 for women Smoking Diabetes Obesity/overweight Physical inactivity High blood pressure A...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p323.html

Gout: Diagnosis and Management - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews - ...

Nov 15, 2017 - What is the accuracy of clinical decision tools and imaging for the diagnosis of gout in the primary care setting, and how effective are medications used to treat and prevent gout?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p668.html

Green Tea: Potential Health Benefits - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2009 - Green tea has been used widely and in high doses for centuries as a health tonic in many societies. Evidence suggests that green tea is effective for treating genital warts. There is some supportive evidence for the use of green tea in cancer prevention. Drinking green tea is associated...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p591.html

Guanfacine (Intuniv) for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - STEPS - American ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Guanfacine is an effective short-term treatment option for ADHD in children six to 12 years of age. Sedation is a marked problem in many children. Patients should take the medication daily to avoid adverse effects that occur with abrupt discontinuation or when the guanfacine is restarted.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p468.html

Guideline for Management of Heart Failure Caused by Systolic Dysfunction: Part II. ...

Sep 15, 2001 - Several large clinical trials conducted over the past decade have shown that pharmacologic interventions can dramatically reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with heart failure. These trials have modified and enhanced the therapeutic paradigm for heart failure and extended ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/p1045.html

Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure Caused by Systolic Dysfunction: Part I. ...

Sep 1, 2001 - Over the past decade, the conceptual understanding of heart failure has changed significantly. Several large clinical trials have demonstrated that pharmacologic interventions can dramatically reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with heart failure. These trials have extended ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p769.html

Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure Caused by Systolic Dysfunction: Part II. ...

...Included in this group are patients with atrial fibrillation, demonstrated left ventricular thrombus or a history of embolic stroke with the likely source being a dilated left ventricle27,28 (level of evidence: A). Anticoagulation therapy has also been pre- scribed for patients...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0915/afp20010915p1045.pdf

Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2005 - ...Prevention of Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke. Warfarin should be used in women with chronic or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation to maintain the International Normalized Ratio at 2.0 to 3.0, unless the patient is considered to be at low risk for stroke or high risk for bleeding....

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p611.html

Guidelines for Managing Alzheimer's Disease: Part I. Assessment - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2002 - Family physicians play a key role in assessing and managing patients with Alzheimer's disease and in linking the families of these patients to supportive services within the community. As part of comprehensive management, the family physician may be responsible for coordinating ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/p2263.html

Guidelines for Managing Alzheimer's Disease: Part I. Assessment -- American Family ...

...treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Using the criteria established by the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and the Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dis- orders Association,3 autopsy results sup- port the clinical diagnosis in 86 to 90 per- cent...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0601/afp20020601p2263.pdf

Guidelines for Managing Alzheimer's Disease: Part II. Treatment

...Adapted with permission from Treatment of agitation in older persons with dementia. The Expert Consensus Panel for Agitation in Demen- tia. Postgrad Med 1998 Apr;Spec No:1-88. See A below. See B below. See A below. See B below. Agitation in a patient with dementia Mild...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/afp20020615p2525.pdf

Guidelines for the Management of Heart Failure Caused by Systolic Dysfunction: Part I. ...

...malignant arrhythmias are the most frequent causes of death in patients with dilated cardiomyopa- thy. Thromboembolic events, principally strokes, can complicate the course of heart failure secondary to systolic dysfunction. In the past, physicians attempted to relieve the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/afp20010901p769.pdf

Guidelines on Migraine: Part 4. General Principles of Preventive Therapy - Practice ...

Nov 15, 2000 - The U.S. Headache Consortium guidelines for preventive therapy of migraine identify three goals of preventive therapy: (1) a reduction in the frequency, severity and duration of attacks; (2) an improvement in the patient's responsiveness to treatment of acute attacks; and (3) an ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2359.html

Guidelines on Migraine: Part 5. Recommendations for Specific Prophylactic Drugs - ...

Dec 1, 2000 - The U.S. Headache Consortium guidelines for the treatment of migraine summarize data from clinical studies of various drugs used in preventive therapy of migraine.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1201/p2535.html

Guillain-Barré Syndrome

...Brainstem: infection, stroke Spinal cord: compression myelopathy, poliomyelitis, transverse myelitis Muscle conditions Metabolic: hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia Myopathy: infectious, inflammatory, toxic Periodic paralysis Rhabdomyolysis Neuromuscular junction...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/afp20130201p191.pdf

Guillain-Barre Syndrome - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2013 - Guillain-Barré syndrome consists of a group of neuropathic conditions characterized by progressive weakness and diminished or absent myotatic reflexes. The estimated annual incidence in the United States is 1.65 to 1.79 per 100,000 persons. Guillain-Barré syndrome is believed to result ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p191.html

Gynecomastia

...male levels of estrogen are possible causes of gyne- comastia in adolescents.5-7 Adolescents may also experience nonphysiologic gynecomas- tia as the result of substance, supplement, or medication use, or from the unmasking of genetic conditions with delay of expected pubertal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/afp20120401p716.pdf

Health Care for Teenagers - American Family Physician

May 1, 1998 - ...with poor health habits at a young age. For example, if you use tobacco as a teenager, you're more likely to get heart disease, cancer or stroke when you're an adult. Tobacco can also give you bad breath, wrinkles and stained teeth while you're still young. Most people who become...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2189.html

Health Effects of Garlic - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - Garlic has long been used medicinally, most recently for its cardiovascular, antineoplastic, and antimicrobial properties. Sulfur compounds, including allicin, appear to be the active components in the root bulb of the garlic plant. Studies show significant but modest lipid-lowering ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p103.html

Health Effects of Garlic - American Family Physician

...They will allow reliable evalu- ation of garlic’s effect on cardiovascular risk and, more important, on the end points of heart attack and stroke. A diet rich in allium vegetables seems to be a good choice with low-risk antineoplastic potential, and good taste as a beneficial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/afp20050701p103.pdf

Health Maintenance for Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation resulting from the loss of ovarian and follicular activity. It usually occurs when women reach their early 50s. Vasomotor symptoms and vaginal dryness are frequently reported during menopause. Estrogen is the most effective treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p583.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women

May 1, 2017:Date xx, xxxx

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/afp20170501p561.pdf

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Health Maintenance in Women

...mm Hg should be screened for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Women 55 to 79 years of age should take 75 mg of aspirin per day when the benefits of stroke reduction outweigh the increased risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Women should begin cervical cancer screening by Papanicolaou test...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/afp20130101p30.pdf

Health Maintenance in Women - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2013 - The health maintenance examination is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention and health promotion. The patient history should include screening for tobacco use, alcohol misuse, intimate partner violence, and depression. Premenopausal women should receive preconception counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p30.html

Health-Related Concerns of the Female Athlete: A Lifespan Approach - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2009 - Exercise is beneficial for women of all ages and is associated with long-term health benefits and enhanced well-being. Nevertheless, active women and girls are at risk for conditions resulting from sports and exercise participation. Because of their unique physiology, children are more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/p489.html

Healthy People 2010: The Role of Family Physicians in Addressing Health Disparities - ...

Nov 1, 2000 - ...Heart disease and stroke Human immunodeficiency virus Immunization and infectious disease Injury and violence prevention Maternal, infant and child health Medical product safety Mental health and mental disorders Nutrition and overweight Occupational...

American Family Physician : Medicine and Society

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p1971.html

Hearing Loss in Adults: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2019 - More than 30 million U.S. adults have hearing loss. This condition is underrecognized, and hearing aids and other hearing enhancement technologies are underused. Hearing loss is categorized as conductive, sensorineural, or mixed. Age-related sensorineural hearing loss (i.e., ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p98.html

Heart Disease and Smoking: Why You Need to Stop Smoking - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - ...causes your blood vessels to constrict and your heart to beat faster, which raises your blood pressure. This can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Why is it so hard to stop smoking? Smoking causes changes in your body and in the way you act. The changes in your body are caused by...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1754.html

Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on heart failure and related issues, including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), cardiomyopathy, cardioverter-defibrillators, congestive heart failure, and diastolic and systolic heart failure. This...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=26

Heart Failure - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - What are the effects of nondrug, drug and invasive treatments? What are the effects of ACE inhibitors in persons at high risk of heart failure?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p467.html

Heart Failure with Preserved <FEFF>Ejection Fraction: Diagnosis and Management

November 1, 2017:Date xx, xxxx

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/afp20171101p582.pdf

Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction: Diagnosis and Management - American ...

Nov 1, 2017 - Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, also referred to as diastolic heart failure, causes almost one-half of the 5 million cases of heart failure in the United States. It is more common among older patients and women, and results from abnormalities of active ventricular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p582.html

Heart Murmurs in Pediatric Patients: When Do You Refer? - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - Many normal children have heart murmurs, but most children do not have heart disease. An appropriate history and a properly conducted physical examination can identify children at increased risk for significant heart disease. Pathologic causes of systolic murmurs include atrial and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p558.html

Heat-Related Illness

...interfere with salt and water balance are also at increased risk.3 Early recognition of symptoms and rapid cooling are crucial, because heat stroke is a medical emergency.4,5 Definitions Milder forms of heat-related illness are asso- ciated with a core temperature less than 104°F...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/afp20110601p1325.pdf

Heat-Related Illness - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2011 - Heat-related illness is a set of preventable conditions ranging from mild forms (e.g., heat exhaustion, heat cramps) to potentially fatal heat stroke. Hot and humid conditions challenge cardiovascular compensatory mechanisms. Once core temperature reaches 104°F (40°C), cellular damage ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1325.html

Heat-Related Illnesses - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2019 - Heat-related illnesses comprise a spectrum of syndromes resulting from disruption of thermoregulation in people exposed to high environmental heat. Symptoms range from heat edema and exercise-associated muscle cramps to exercise-associated collapse, heat exhaustion, and life-threatening...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p482.html

Heat-Related Illnesses - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1998 - Heat-related illnesses cause 240 deaths annually. Although common in athletes, heat-related illnesses also affect the elderly, persons with predisposing medical conditions and those taking a variety of medications. Symptoms range from mild weakness, dizziness and fatigue in cases of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0901/p749.html

Helping Patients Who Drink Too Much: An Evidence-Based Guide for Primary Care ...

Jul 1, 2009 - Excessive alcohol consumption is a leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, but few heavy drinkers receive treatment. Primary care physicians are in a position to address heavy drinking and alcohol use disorders with patients, and can do so quickly and effectively. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p44.html

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: An Emerging Health Risk - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused primarily by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7. The most common cause of acute renal failure in children, hemolytic uremic syndrome also can occur in adults. Characteristic features of the syndrome are microangiopathic anemia, thrombotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p991.html

Hepatitis C (Chronic) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - What are the effects of interventions in treatment-naive persons with chronic infection but without liver decompensation? What are the effects of interventions to treat persons with chronic infection, but without liver decompensation, who have not responded to or relapse after ...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1724.html

Hepatitis C: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2010 - Hepatitis C, a common chronic bloodborne infection, is found in approximately 2 percent of adults in the United States. Chronic infection is associated with serious morbidity and mortality (e.g., cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma). Testing for hepatitis C is recommended for at-risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1351.html

Herbal Health Products--What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1999 - ...Stroke at some time in the past What are possible side effects of herbal health products? Herbal health products aren't tested to be sure they're safe, so they may cause problems. Be sure to tell your doctor if you get a health problem while you're taking an herbal product. If...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0301/p1245.html

Herbal Remedies: Adverse Effects and Drug Interactions - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1999 - A growing number of Americans are using herbal products for preventive and therapeutic purposes. The manufacturers of these products are not required to submit proof of safety and efficacy to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration before marketing. For this reason, the adverse effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0301/p1239.html

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

...in the stomach or intestines can cause black or bloody stools or anemia. In the lungs, they can cause shortness of breath and possibly strokes if they become large. There is a higher risk of bleeding during pregnancy. In the brain, abnormal vessels can be dangerous if they bleed....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/afp20101001p797.pdf

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2010 - ...in the stomach or intestines can cause black or bloody stools or anemia. In the lungs, they can cause shortness of breath and possibly strokes if they become large. There is a higher risk of bleeding during pregnancy. In the brain, abnormal vessels can be dangerous if they bleed....

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p797.html

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: Diagnosis and Management

...Recurrent epistaxis is the most common presenting problem; however, some patients present with a catastrophic event (e.g., sudden death, stroke, pulmo- nary hemorrhage) related to major organ involvement. HHT has varying penetrance and expres- sivity, often leading to delays in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/afp20101001p785.pdf

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2010 - Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an uncommon autosomal dominant disease that occurs in approximately one in 5,000 to 8,000 persons. This multisystem disorder can affect the nose, skin, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, and brain. Epistaxis is the most common presenting ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p785.html

High Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2004 - ...High blood pressure damages your arteries and veins (also called blood vessels). This damage raises your risk for stroke, kidney failure, heart disease, and heart attack. Does high blood pressure have any symptoms? Not usually. This makes it important to have your blood pressure...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1542.html

High Blood Pressure and Exercise - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2002 - ...hypertension, happens when your blood puts extra pressure on the walls of your arteries. This extra pressure can increase your risk for stroke, heart disease, and other health problems. To measure your blood pressure, your doctor wraps a piece of material called a blood pressure...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p457.html

High Blood Pressure: ACC/AHA Releases Updated Guideline - Practice Guidelines - ...

Mar 15, 2018 - The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) recently updated their guideline on the prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high BP in adults. The ACC/AHA recommendations were based on a systematic review that addressed four questions ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0315/p413.html

High Blood Pressure: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - ...pressure in your arteries is higher than it should be. If you have high blood pressure, you are more at risk of having a heart attack or a stroke. You also are more at risk of getting kidney disease and even of dying. How do I know if I have high blood pressure? Blood pressure is...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1957.html

High-Altitude Medicine - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1998 - As more people enjoy the outdoors, high-altitude illness is increasingly becoming a problem that family physicians across the country must treat. High-altitude illness, which usually occurs at altitudes of over 1,500 m (4,921 ft), is caused primarily by hypoxia but is compounded by cold...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1907.html

High-Deductible Insurance Plans May Reduce Use of Ambulatory Care

October 1, 2016: Graham Policy Center

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/afp20161101p727.pdf

High-Deductible Plans May Reduce Ambulatory Care Use - Graham Center Policy One-Pagers ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although rates of uninsured Americans are declining because of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), there is growing concern about out-of-pocket expenditures associated with private high-deductible insurance plans.

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p727.html

HIV Infection--How to Lower Your Risk - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - ...Previous: Recommendations for Exercise After Stroke Next: Diagnosis of Malaria Should Be Considered by U.S. Physicians View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 70/No. 2(July 15, 2004) / HIV Infection--How to Lower Your Risk...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p307.html

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