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Muscle Weakness in Adults: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Although the prevalence of muscle weakness in the general population is uncertain, it occurs in about 5% of U.S. adults 60 years and older. Determining the cause of muscle weakness can be challenging. True muscle weakness must first be differentiated from subjective fatigue or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p95.html

Musculoskeletal Surgery for Nontraumatic Pain: Not a Great Analgesic - POEMs - American... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2021 - Musculoskeletal surgery is invaluable for unintentional injury. But for conditions associated with chronic pain (e.g., knee, shoulder, wrist, neck, back pain), even patients with objective changes on imaging that need intervention will not have better long-term pain relief with surgery ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0401/p439.html

Myocardial Infarction: Management of the Subacute Period - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - Optimal management of myocardial infarction in the subacute period focuses on improving the discharge planning process, implementing therapies early to prevent recurrent myocardial infarction, and avoiding hospital readmission. Evidence-based guidelines for the care of patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p581.html

Myxedema Coma: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2000 - Myxedema coma, the extreme manifestation of hypothyroidism, is an uncommon but potentially lethal condition. Patients with hypothyroidism may exhibit a number of physiologic alterations to compensate for the lack of thyroid hormone. If these homeostatic mechanisms are overwhelmed by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1201/p2485.html

n-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2013 - There is no evidence that n-3 fatty acids prevent cardiovascular events or death in older adults who have cardiovascular disease (or who are at risk of it but have not had a myocardial infarction).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/od2.html

Naltrexone/Bupropion (Contrave) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2015 - Naltrexone/bupropion produces clinically significant weight loss when combined with a diet and exercise program. It decreases body weight in patients with diabetes, but its effect on diabetic outcomes is not known. A significant proportion of patients will experience adverse effects.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p554.html

NAMS Releases Position Statement on the Treatment of Vasomotor Symptoms Associated with...

Jul 15, 2004 - The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has released an evidence-based position statement on the treatment of vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause to provide recommendations on the most effective treatments.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p393.html

NAMS Releases Updated Position Statement on the Use of Estrogen and Progestogen in ...

Jul 15, 2007 - The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has released an updated position statement on the use of estrogen therapy (ET) and combined estrogen-progestogen therapy (EPT) in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, based on the latest evidence on the risks and benefits associated with ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p295.html

NAMS Updates Recommendations on Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis in ...

Nov 1, 2006 - The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has updated its evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women to address the need for standards of care as they relate to menopause-associated health conditions.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1630.html

National Stroke Association Develops a Consensus Statement on Prevention of Stroke - ...

Jul 1, 1999 - ...National Stroke Association Develops a Consensus Statement on Prevention of Stroke SHARON SCOTT MOREY Am Fam Physician. 1999 Jul 1;60(1):314-317. The National Stroke Association (NSA) has developed an evidence-based consensus statement on the prevention of a first stroke....

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p314.html

Nausea in Pregnancy, Knee Osteoarthritis, Hormone Replacement Therapy, Shingles - AFP ...

Jan 1, 2019 - Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

American Family Physician : AFP Clinical Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p10.html

Neck Pain: Initial Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Neck pain is a common presenting symptom in the primary care setting and causes significant disability. The broad differential diagnosis requires an efficient but global assessment; therefore, emphasis is typically placed on red flags that can assist in the early recognition and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p150.html

Neglected Parasitic Infections: What Every Family Physician Needs to Know

...or heart failure, may occur. Gastrointesti­ nal manifestations include megaesophagus or megacolon. Stroke risk is increased in patients infected with T. cruzi. Congeni­ tally infected infants are often asymptom­ atic; some may have low birth weight or low Apgar scores, or may...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/afp20140515p803.pdf

Neglected Parasitic Infections: What Every Family Physician Needs to Know - American ...

May 15, 2014 - Neglected parasitic infections, including Chagas disease, toxocariasis, cysticercosis, and toxoplasmosis, affect millions of persons in the United States. Relatively few resources have been devoted to surveillance, prevention, and treatment of these diseases. Chagas disease primarily ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p803.html

Neglected Parasitic Infections: What Family Physicians Need to Know—A CDC Update - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - Chagas disease, cysticercosis, and toxoplasmosis affect millions of people in the United States and are considered neglected parasitic diseases. Few resources are devoted to their surveillance, prevention, and treatment. Chagas disease, transmitted by kissing bugs, primarily affects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0900/p277.html

Neurologic Complications of Scuba Diving -- American Family Physician

...A large proportion of air bubbles can reach the brain, occlude blood vessels and cause stroke-like events. The most common signs and symptoms of arterial gas embolism are neurologic (Table 12,4,6,7), although pul- monary symptoms may also be present. In more than 80 percent of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/afp20010601p2211.pdf

Neurological Complications of Scuba Diving - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2001 - Recreational scuba diving has become a popular sport in the United States, with almost 9 million certified divers. When severe diving injury occurs, the nervous system is frequently involved. In dive-related barotrauma, compressed or expanding gas within the ears, sinuses and lungs ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2211.html

Neurological Complications of Systemic Cancer - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Neurologic complications occur frequently in patients with cancer. After routine chemotherapy, these complications are the most common reason for hospitalization of these patients. Brain metastases are the most prevalent complication, affecting 20 to 40 percent of cancer patients and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p878.html

Neuropsychological Evaluation in Primary Care

...in diseases with neurocognitive manifestations (e.g., learning disabilities, sleep apnea, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, stroke, neoplasm, hepatic or renal dysfunction, delirium, Parkinson disease, human immunodeficiency virus encephalopathy) Provide treatment...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/afp20100901p495.pdf

Neuropsychological Evaluation in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2010 - Referring a patient to a neuropsychologist for evaluation provides a level of rigorous assessment of brain function that often cannot be obtained in other ways. The neuropsychologist integrates information from the patient’s medical history, laboratory tests, and imaging studies; an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p495.html

Neuropsychological Evaluations in Adults - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2019 - Neuropsychologists provide detailed assessments of cognitive and emotional functioning that often cannot be obtained through other diagnostic means. They use standardized assessment tools and integrate the findings with other data to determine whether cognitive decline has occurred, to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p101.html

New Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin in Atrial Fibrillation: No Clear Winner - POEMs - ...

Jul 15, 2014 - In this meta-analysis, newer anticoagulants appear to be slightly more effective than warfarin in the short term (two years) in preventing strokes of all kinds in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, they are no more effective than warfarin in preventing ischemic strokes, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p110a.html

New Contraceptive Options - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - Almost one half of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Primary reasons for the high rate of unplanned pregnancy include dissatisfaction with or underuse of effective contraceptive methods and poor compliance with contraceptive methods that require daily adherence. Several ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p853.html

New Contraceptive Options -- American Family Physician

...Oral contraceptive Nausea, headaches, dizziness, Decreases menstrual pain, premenstrual Cardiovascular complications (stroke, pills spotting, weight gain, syndrome, and blood loss; protects heart attack, blood clots, high breast tenderness, chloasma against symptomatic PID,8 some...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/afp20040215p853.pdf

New Developments in the Management of Hypertension - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2003 - The management of hypertension has evolved over the past decade. Isolated systolic blood pressure elevation, the most common form of uncontrolled hypertension, is recognized as a significant risk factor for vascular complications in patients with hypertension. Nutritional management of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p853.html

New Developments in the Management of Hypertension - American Family Physician

...Improved control of hypertension has contributed to reductions of nearly 60 percent in stroke-related deaths and 53 percent in deaths from ischemic heart disease since 1972. However, in the United States, only 70 percent of patients with hypertension are aware of their con- dition,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/afp20030901p853.pdf

New Year's Resolution - Resident and Student Voice - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2000 - ...With a few quick strokes, feeling somewhat awkward at first, I began. Visualizing the scene proved easier than drawing it. There were several restarts and erasures before I began to feel more comfortable. The process was more difficult and frustrating than I remembered. I could see...

American Family Physician : Resident and Student Voice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p248.html

Newborn with Abnormal Arm Posture - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2015.html

Newer Pharmacologic Alternatives for Erectile Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1999 - With the introduction of effective pharmacologic therapies for erectile dysfunction, more men are seeking treatment. The underlying cause of erectile dysfunction is usually a chronic medical illness or a side effect of certain drugs. Less commonly, the problem is psychogenic. Even after...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1159.html

Newer Sulfonylureas Not Associated with Increased Mortality, MIs, or Strokes - POEMs - ...

Sep 1, 2016 - In multiple randomized trials, the long-term use of second- or third-generation sulfonylureas in patients with type 2 diabetes is not associated with more deaths, myocardial infarctions (MIs), or strokes. The included trials tended not to report other safety data.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p386.html

Newly Detected Atrial Fibrillation: AAFP Updates Guideline on Pharmacologic Management

September 1, 2017: Practice Guidelines

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/afp20170901p332.pdf

Newly Detected Atrial Fibrillation: AAFP Updates Guideline on Pharmacologic Management ...

Sep 1, 2017 - The American Academy of Family Physicians, with the American College of Physicians, has updated its 2003 guideline to provide guidance on atrial fibrillation treatment via medication in the primary care setting. The guideline focuses on adults with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation as ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p332.html

NEWS NOW

...and that estrogen alone or combined with progestin decreases the risk of fractures, it also increases the risk of gallbladder disease, stroke, thromboembolic events, and urinary incontinence. In addition, the com- bination of estrogen and progestin increases the risk of breast...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/afp20120701p13.pdf

NHLBI Releases New High Blood Pressure Guidelines - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 15, 2003 - New guidelines for the prevention and management of hypertension are available from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). According to the NHLBI, hypertension affects about 50 million persons in the United States.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p376.html

Niacin Does Not Decrease Mortality in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease or Low HDL ...

Jul 15, 2017 - We are now flush with data about the effects of niacin in patients with elevated cholesterol levels. Despite its ability to raise high-density lipoprotein (HDL) serum cholesterol levels, it does not add additional mortality or morbidity benefit to statin treatment. Patients with ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p129.html

Niacin Does Not Improve Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Vascular Disease - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2014 - This large, adequately powered trial did not find any clinically meaningful benefit to the use of niacin in patients who are already taking a statin, even with several study design features that should bias the result in favor of niacin. Niacin should not be prescribed to reduce the ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p660a.html

Nicotine Replacement Therapy

...smokers want to quit.3 Cessation has been shown to lower risks of lung and other smoking-attributable cancers, coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and infertility, while improving lung function and symptoms.4 Yet,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/afp20150701od1.pdf

Nicotine Replacement Therapy for Smoking Cessation - Medicine by the Numbers - American...

Jul 1, 2015 - Studies show that 1 in 15 patients successfully quit smoking and 1 in 94 patients experienced chest pain or palpitations. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/od1.html

NIH Issues Consensus Statement on Acupuncture - Special Medical Reports - American ...

May 15, 1998 - ...of conditions, including postoperative pain, myofascial pain and low back pain. Less convincing evidence has been found for addiction, stroke rehabilitation, carpal tunnel syndrome, osteoarthritis and headache, although the report states that there are positive clinical reports for...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2545.html

No Benefit to Addition of Stenting for Treatment of Atherosclerotic Renal Artery ...

Apr 1, 2014 - In patients with severe atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis and hypertension or chronic kidney disease, renal artery stenting does not provide an additional benefit when added to comprehensive medical therapy that includes blood pressure and diabetes mellitus management, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p576.html

No Benefit to Prolonged Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Drug-Eluting Stent Placement - ...

Oct 1, 2014 - Prolonging dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin plus clopidogrel (Plavix) for more than one year after the placement of a drug-eluting stent confers no clinical benefit.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/p502.html

No Benefit to Screening with CTA for Asymptomatic CAD in Adults with Diabetes

April 15, 2015 Practice Guidelines

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/afp20150415p566.pdf

No Benefit to Screening with CTA for Asymptomatic CAD in Adults with Diabetes - POEMs -...

Apr 15, 2015 - Using coronary CTA to screen for CAD in adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and no indication of existing CAD does not improve outcomes more than standard care.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p566.html

No Difference in Cognitive Decline in Older Patients with Coronary Artery Disease ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2021 - The study found no significant difference in the rate of memory decline among older adults with CAD who are undergoing coronary revascularization with CABG or PCI.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/1000/p422.html

No Effect of Vitamin D on Depressive Symptoms - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - Taken in aggregate, symptoms of depression do not improve in patients with low vitamin D levels when given vitamin D supplementation any more than when given placebo. There may be a benefit in patients with low vitamin D levels and mild to moderate depression.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p131a.html

No: Screening Has Been

...of early dementia,3,16 and there are clear adverse effects from demen- tia medications.13 Screening campaigns also may divert societal attention and resources from those patients with established demen- tia whose care needs are greatest. A survey in the United Kingdom reported that...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/afp20140601p864.pdf

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Shooters of Shoulder Firearms - Letters to the Editor - ...

Mar 15, 2001 - ...Next: Early Diagnosis and Management of Acute Stroke View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 63/No. 6(March 15, 2001) / Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Shooters of Shoulder Firearms...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1053.html

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in the United States, affecting up to 30% of adults. There are two forms of NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), defined as 5% or greater hepatic steatosis without hepatocellular injury or fibrosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p603.html

Nonhormonal Therapies for Hot Flashes in Menopause - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2006 - Numerous reports in the medical literature and popular media have discussed the effectiveness of various nonhormonal agents in reducing menopausal hot flash symptoms. Data for these therapies are limited, and most of the studies have been conducted in women with a history of breast ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p457.html

Nonpharmaceutical Treatment of Anxiety in Institutionalized Older Adults

Date xx, xxxx FPIN Help Desk

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/afp20160401p592.pdf

Nonpharmaceutical Treatment of Anxiety in Institutionalized Older Adults - FPIN's Help ...

Apr 1, 2016 - Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or relaxation training, alone or in combination, can be used to treat anxiety in older adults. Music therapy can also be used to reduce anxiety in older adults. Appropriate training of institutional caregivers is also helpful in reducing anxiety in older...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p592.html

Nonpharmacologic Management of Hypertension: What Works?

Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/afp20150601p772.pdf

Nonpharmacologic Management of Hypertension: What Works? - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2015 - Hypertension is one of the most common conditions encountered in primary care. Nonpharmacologic strategies have been shown to help lower blood pressure. Lifestyle modifications are recommended for all patients with hypertension. The American Heart Association/American College of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p772.html

Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Managing Hypertension - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommends lifestyle modification for all patients with hypertension or prehypertension. Modifications include reducing dietary sodium to less than 2.4 g per ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1953.html

November 1, 1999 - American Family Physician

...Stroke Prevention in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Pulmonary Emboli in Patients with Negative Doppler Studies Outpatient Management of Lower Extremity DVT P. carinii Prophylaxis in Patients with HIV POEMS Patient Information Influenza Vaccine Burners...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/

November 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

...Stroke Prevention in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Mediterranean-Style Diets and Cardiovascular Risk Markers Overweight Adolescent Girls Have Increased Mortality Risk Do Antioxidants Prevent Preeclampsia? Free-living Energy Expenditure Impacts Mortality Risk...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/

November 1, 2016 - American Family Physician

...Cochrane for Clinicians: The Risk of MI and Ischemic Stroke with Combined Oral Contraceptives William D. Nettleton; Valerie King Cochrane for Clinicians: Amiodarone for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death Aaron Saguil Graham Center Policy One-Pagers: High-Deductible...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/

November 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

...Detecting Protruding Aortic Plaques as a Source of Stroke Effects of Missing the First Oral Contraceptives in a Cycle Induction of Labor at Term Following Membrane Rupture Nonpharmacologic Steps to Improve Sleep in Older Adults Breast Feeding and Mothers Who Smoke:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/

November 15, 1999 - American Family Physician

...Preventing Stroke in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks Melody Ryan; Greta Combs; Laroy P. Penix Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and the Use of Flexible Insulin Regimens Irl B. Hirsch Departments AAFP News: AFP Edition Newsletter Rosemarie Sweeney; Verna L. Rose...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/

November 15, 2003 - American Family Physician

...Role of Candesartan in the Treatment of Acute Stroke Use of Iron in Nonanemic, Fatigued Women Patient Information Ulcers and Helicobacter pylori Infection Heartburn Dyspepsia Breast Cyst Aspiration Warning Signs of Primary Immunodeficiency CME Quiz...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/

November 15, 2004 - American Family Physician

...Statin Therapy Reduces Stroke Risk in a Range of Patients Effectiveness of Spermicides Containing Nonoxynol-9 Safety of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery Diagnostic Tests for Patients with Acute Dyspnea Efficacy of Oral Antibiotics for Inpatients with CAP...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/

November 15, 2009 - American Family Physician

...Is Telmisartan Effective for Stroke Prevention? Mark A. Graber; Deborah Dowell; Andrea Darby-Stewart Medicine and Society Graham Center Policy One-Pagers Family Physicians' Present and Future Role in Caring for Older Patients Lars Peterson; Andrew Bazemore; Robert L....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/

NSAID Prescribing Precautions - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used, but have risks associated with their use, including significant upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Older persons, persons taking anticoagulants, and persons with a history of upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1371.html

Nursing Home Care: Part II. Clinical Aspects - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - Understanding the distinctions between the management of clinical problems in nursing homes compared with the community setting helps improve the overall care of nursing home residents. Liberalizing diets helps avoid unintentional weight loss in nursing home residents, although the use ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1229.html

Nutrition Myths and Healthy Dietary Advice in Clinical Practice

...Fung TT, Chiuve SE, McCullough ML, Rexrode KM, Logroscino G, Hu FB. Adherence to a DASH-style diet and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in women [published correction appears in Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(12):1276]. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(7):713-720. 48. Shai I,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/afp20150501p634.pdf

Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Physicians face several barriers to counseling their patients about nutrition, including conflicting evidence of the benefit of counseling, limited training and understanding of the topic, and imperfect and varied guidelines to follow. Because cardiovascular disease remains the leading ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p257.html

Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular ...

...study31 found that the use of 850 mg of EPA and DHA daily resulted in decreased rates of mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke, with particular decreases in the rate of sudden death. Omega-6 fatty acids, which are found in animal foods and are the major fat in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/afp20060115p257.pdf

Obesity - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - What are the effects of drug treatments for obesity in adults?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1279.html

Obesity in Adults

...of sibutramine in the European Union because of the increased risk of nonfatal myocardial infarctions and strokes. • Rimonabant has been associated with an increased risk of psychiatric disorders. Bariatric surgery (gastric bypass, vertical banded gas- troplasty,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/afp20101015p974.pdf

Obesity in Adults - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2010 - What are the effects of drug treatments in adults with obesity? What are the effects of bariatric surgery in adults with morbid obesity?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p974.html

Obesity: Assesment and Management in Primary Care -- American Family Physician

...mellitus Hypertension Stroke Certain types of cancer (endometrial, breast, prostate, colon) Dyslipidemia Gallbladder disease Sleep apnea and other respiratory problems Reduced fertility Osteoarthritis Increase in all-cause mortality Emotional distress Discrimination Social...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/afp20010601p2185.pdf

Obesity: Assessment and Management in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2001 - Obesity is a complex, multifactorial condition in which excess body fat may put a person at health risk. National data indicate that the prevalence of obesity in the United States is increasing in children and adults. Reversing these trends requires changes in individual behavior and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2185.html

Obstructive Sleep Apnea - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Obstructive sleep apnea is a significant medical problem affecting up to 4 percent of middle-aged adults. The most common complaints are loud snoring, disrupted sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness. Patients with apnea suffer from fragmented sleep and may develop cardiovascular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2279.html

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Essential Hypertension -- Is There a Link? - Editorials - ...

Jan 15, 2002 - ...be accomplished by preventing the cardiovascular consequences of sleep apnea and by reducing daytime sleepiness, serious unintended injury, stroke, divorce, and occupational dysfunction.9 Treatment of OSA, which is simple and readily available, can dramatically improve patients'...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p182.html

Occupational Therapy Improves Activities of Daily Living After Stroke - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Compared with standard rehabilitation, ADL-based occupational therapy significantly decreases death or institutionalization and deterioration in the ability to perform ADL after stroke. The optimal length and type of therapy is not well defined.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1651.html

October 1, 1999 - American Family Physician

...Prevention of First Stroke: Current Recommendations Selecting an Antibiotic for Acute UTI in Women Bedrails in the Hospital: Are They a Necessary Evil? Should We Revise Anemia Parameters for the Elderly? Combination Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosing and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/

October 1, 2003 - American Family Physician

...Are Anticoagulants Better than Antiplatelet Agents for Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke? Glenn Griffin Corrections Correction Curbside Consultation The Complete Physical Richard Rathe Diary from a Week in Practice Diary from a Week in Practice Paul Gross...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/

October 1, 2017 - American Family Physician

...Recurrent Ischemic Stroke: Strategies for Prevention Rupal Oza; Kristen Rundell; Miriam Garcellano Testosterone Therapy: Review of Clinical Applications Ryan C. Petering; Nathan A. Brooks Secondary Hypertension: Discovering the Underlying Cause Lesley Charles; Jean...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/

October 15, 1998 - American Family Physician

...Classification System for Stratification of Stroke Risk Sodium Restricted Diets: Necessary in Hypertension? Role of Vaccination in the Prevention of Hepatitis A Factors Increasing Hemorrhage Risk in Warfarin Users Readability of Consent Forms for Surgical and Other...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/

October 15, 1999 - American Family Physician

...Role of Vitamins E and C and Carotenoids in Stroke Risk Benefit of Influenza Vaccine in Health Care Workers Diagnosing Diabetes Mellitus Using New Criteria Tardive Dyskinesia Risk Lower With Risperidone H. pylori Dyspepsia in the Elderly: Short-Course Therapy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/

October 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

...Aspirin vs. Heparin Therapy in Prevention of Stroke Comparison of Common Calcium Supplements Colorectal Cancer Screening Recommendations Clinical Assessment of Neonatal Jaundice Serum Lipid Levels and Diet of Macademia Nuts Exercise Stress Test for Diagnosis of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/

October 15, 2002 - American Family Physician

...Severity of Strokes in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation What Are the Risks of Spinal Manipulation? Should Pap Smears Include HPV Testing? Bacterial Infection Risk in Young Children with Fever Screening Colonoscopy in Patients 40 to 49 Years of Age Management of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/

October 15, 2004 - American Family Physician

...Homocysteine Levels and Reduction of Stroke Risk Is Antibiotic Use Associated with Breast Cancer Risk? A Trial of Topiramate for Migraine Prophylaxis Intensive Lipid-Lowering Therapy and Atherosclerosis Effect of Hormone Therapy on Cognition in Elderly Women...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/

October 15, 2016 - American Family Physician

...Third-Generation Oral Contraceptives Associated with Greater Risk of PE, Stroke, and MI Procalcitonin Guidance Safely Decreases Antibiotic Use in Critically Ill Patients All Analgesics Are Better Than Placebo in Patients with Knee or Hip DJD Low-Dose Morphine Less...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/

Ocular Emergencies - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of ocular emergencies are essential in the primary care setting when the outcome may depend on timely management. All ocular emergencies, including a penetrating globe injury, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p829.html

Olmesartan (Benicar) for Hypertension - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - Olmesartan is a safe and effective antihypertensive agent. There is no evidence that olmesartan is more effective than other ARBs or ACE inhibitors. The longest peer-reviewed studies of olmesartan are of two months’ duration; thus, there is no evidence showing olmesartan’s long-term ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p673.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Aug 15, 2019 - High-quality evidence suggests that long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids do not prevent mortality (all-cause or cardiovascular) or cardiovascular disease events when used as primary or secondary prevention. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p209.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cancer or Cardiovascular Disease Events - POEMs - ...

Sep 15, 2019 - This is the second large, well-designed study (the first one included patients with diabetes mellitus; this one included patients without diabetes) that found no benefit from a 1-g daily dosage of marine n-3 fatty acid supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p374a.html

Omega-3 Oil Does Not Reduce Serious Cardiovascular Events for Patients with Diabetes ...

Jul 15, 2019 - In this study, there was no significant difference in the likelihood of a composite vascular outcome or all-cause mortality in patients given an omega-3 fatty acid supplement compared with those given an olive oil placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p120.html

One Month of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Followed by Clopidogrel Alone is Superior to 12 ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2019 - This study found that one month of dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin plus clopidogrel or prasugrel [Effient]) followed by clopidogrel monotherapy for up to five years is both noninferior and superior to 12 months of dual antiplatelet therapy followed by aspirin for up to five years for...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od5.html

Opportunities to Improve Outcomes in Sickle Cell Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Sickle cell disease represents a spectrum of inherited hemoglobin disorders. The pathophysiology involves abnormalities not just in red blood cells but also vascular endothelium, white blood cell function, coagulation, and inflammatory response. Known sequelae of sickle cell disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p303.html

Opportunities to Improve Outcomes in Sickle Cell Disease -- American Family Physician

...and inflammatory response. Known sequelae of sickle cell disease include invasive infections, painful episodes, acute chest syndrome, strokes, and chronic pulmonary hypertension. Preventive strategies that decrease the risk of infection are the routine use of daily antibiotics until...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/afp20060715p303.pdf

Optimal Management of Cholesterol Levels and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in women, is largely preventable. Lifestyle modifications (e.g., diet and exercise) are the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention. Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides and low levels of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217.html

Optimal Management of Cholesterol Levels and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease ...

...older than 65 years have isolated sys- tolic hypertension.7,11 Because hypertension increases the risk of both coronary heart dis- ease and stroke in these women, monitoring and treatment are required. DIABETES MELLITUS The risk of coronary heart disease is three to seven...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/afp20020115p217.pdf

Options for Unintended Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2015 - ...Previous: Stroke: How to Recognize It and What to Do About It Next: Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Recommendation Statement View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 91/No. 8(April 15, 2015) / Options for Unintended Pregnancy...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p544-s1.html

Oral Anticoagulants vs. Antiplatelet Therapy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2008 - Compared with antiplatelet therapy, oral anticoagulation significantly reduces stroke at an average follow-up of one to three years, but does not reduce mortality. Intracranial or extracranial hemorrhage is more common with anticoagulation and must be weighed against its therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1250.html

Oral Contraceptive Use During the Menopausal Years - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1998 - Few guidelines exist for the use of estrogen, particularly low-dose oral contraceptives, during the perimenopausal years. Use of low-dose oral contraceptive pills in women over 35 years of age provides protection against unwanted pregnancy, maintains a stable hormonal environment and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1373.html

Oral Manifestations of Systemic Disease - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2010 - Careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal findings indicative of an underlying systemic condition, and allow for early diagnosis and treatment. Examination should include evaluation for mucosal changes, periodontal inflammation and bleeding, and general condition of the teeth. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1381.html

Oral Poisonings: Guidelines for Initial Evaluation and Treatment - American Family ...

Jan 1, 1998 - The initial evaluation and management of poisoned patients should be comprehensive and include an accurate history whenever possible, stabilization of the patient's condition, a physical assessment to evaluate the extent of poisoning and the presence of concurrent conditions, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0101/p85.html

Oral Semaglutide (Rybelsus) for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Oral semaglutide (Rybelsus) is labeled as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p627.html

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