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hypertension

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The AAP Practice Parameter on Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants and Young ...

Oct 15, 2000 - The Committee on Quality Improvement of the American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based practice parameter on the diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children, two months to two years of age. The practice...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1815.html

Using Progestins in Clinical Practice - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2000 - Progestational agents have many important functions, including regulation of the menstrual cycle, treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding, prevention of endometrial cancer and hyperplastic precursor lesions, and contraception. Because of the reported side effects of synthetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1839.html

Optimizing Beta-Blocker Use After Myocardial Infarction - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2000 - Although beta-adrenergic blockers can significantly reduce mortality after a myocardial infarction, these agents are prescribed to only a minority of patients. Underutilization of beta blockers may be attributed, in part, to fear of adverse effects, especially in the elderly and in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1853.html

Urinary Tract Infections: 2000 Update - Editorials - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2000 - ...of pediatric UTIs is evaluation with imaging studies. Recently, the connection between vesicoureteral reflux and the long-term risks of hypertension and renal failure has been questioned.5 This has led some authors to suggest that vesicoureteral reflux is not an important entity and...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1777.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2000 - ...Hypertension: Doxazosin or Chlorthalidone? Am Fam Physician. 2000 Oct 15;62(8):1912. The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) was conducted to determine whether chlorthalidone or three other antihypertensives had differing effects on...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1912.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2000 - ...Exclusions from the study included patients with serious medical conditions that might interfere with assessment, serious persistent hypertension, pregnancy and any contraindication to anticoagulation. Randomization of 449 patients occurred: 224 patients were assigned to receive 100...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1889a.html

Generalized Anxiety Disorder - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Patients with generalized anxiety disorder experience worry or anxiety and a number of physical and psychologic symptoms. The disorder is frequently difficult to diagnose because of the variety of presentations and the common occurrence of comorbid medical or psychiatric conditions. The...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1591.html

Patient Education - AAFP Core Educational Guidelines - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - ...Hypertension Obesity Sexually transmitted diseases/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Sports injuries Upper respiratory infections/otitis media *—This is not meant to be an exhaustive list of topics. It represents core areas in which family practice residents should have knowledge...

American Family Physician : AAFP Core Educational Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1712.html

Headache Consortium Releases Guidelines for Use of CT or MRI in Migraine Work-Up - ...

Oct 1, 2000 - Guidelines on the use of computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients presenting with migraine have been developed by the U.S. Headache Consortium.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1699.html

Treating Fibromyalgia: Science vs. Art - Editorials - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - ...of nonpharmacologic therapies. At present, the treatment of fibromyalgia approximates that of hypertension 30 years ago: there were a modest number of marginally effective drugs for hypertension at that time; typically, the patient was told to lose weight and restrict sodium intake....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1492.html

Introducing Contributors from the Medical College of Wisconsin - Inside AFP - American ...

Oct 1, 2000 - ...foot remedies, hypertension in active adults and athletes, primary prevention of human immunodeficiency virus infection, tension headaches, Helicobacter pylori infection, aftercare of cancer patients, exercise-induced asthma and pregnancy-induced hypertension. Some topics originated...

American Family Physician : Inside AFP

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1473.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - ...positive results and there must be a system in place for referral and treatment. Hensrud reviews current screening practices for cancer, hypertension and hyperlipidemia in primary care. Many organizations have issued recommendations for cancer screening, including the American...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1649.html

Cushing's Disease: Clinical Manifestations and Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2000 - The most common endogenous cause of Cushing's syndrome is Cushing's disease. Frequent clinical findings include weight gain, truncal obesity, striae, hypertension, glucose intolerance and infections. Cranial nerve II may be affected by enlarging pituitary adenomas in Cushing's disease; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1119.html

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: It's Not Just Infertility - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - Recent diagnostic and pharmacologic developments have focused renewed attention on polycystic ovary syndrome. Clinical features of the syndrome include anovulation, hyperandrogenism and menstrual dysfunction, but several other abnormalities, including hyperinsulinemia, luteinizing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1079.html

ACOG Guidelines on Antepartum Fetal Surveillance - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 1, 2000 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has developed guidelines on antepartum fetal surveillance. The goal of antepartum fetal surveillance is to prevent fetal death.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1184.html

Multimedia Review - Sep 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - ...Hypertension: A Clinician's Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment By Barry J. Sobel and George L. Bakris. Pp. 149. Price, $22.00. 2d ed. Hanley and Belfus, 210 S. 13th St., Philadelphia, PA 19107, 1999. Phone: 800-962-1892. ISBN: 1-560-53115-0. Handbook of Antihypertensive Therapy By...

American Family Physician : Multimedia Review

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1205.html

Quantum Sufficit - Sep 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - ...From the Dragging Information Out of Them file: according to an article published in the American Journal of Hypertension, premenopausal women with hypertension who are otherwise healthy are likely to suffer from sexual side-effects of high blood pressure and its treatment. Because...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p941.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Sep 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - ...had two children, they had been trying to conceive again for more than a year without success. The only change in their history was his hypertension (well-controlled with a low-dose, sustained-release formulation of nifedipine). He had improved his nutrition and his weight....

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1003.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - ...Hypertension Hepatocellular adenoma Growth of leiomyomas Leukorrhea Skin changes (chloasma, telangiectasias) Hair loss Adapted with permission from Davtyan C. Contraception for adolescents. West J Med 2000;172:169. Advantages, Disadvantages and Side Effects of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1157.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - ...table by basing it on the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and age, sex, smoking, diabetes and hypertension (see the accompanying table on page 1146). They tested this version of the table in a random sample of 1,000 adults living in Scotland....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1145.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - ...Relative contraindications include moderate aortic stenosis, uncontrolled supraventricular tachycardia and moderate uncontrolled hypertension (systemic or pulmonary). The patient's social preferences must also be considered. Older persons often find it easier to follow through with...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1166.html

Cardiovascular Screening of Student Athletes - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2000 - Each year, a number of children and adolescents die suddenly from cardiac problems that are associated with a small subgroup of disorders and high-risk behaviors. While sudden cardiac death in any child or adolescent is distressing, it can be particularly devastating when it occurs in a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p765.html

Medical Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - Obesity is one of the most common medical problems in the United States and a risk factor for illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes, degenerative arthritis and myocardial infarction. It is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality and generates great social and financial costs. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p419.html

Preoperative Evaluation - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - A history and physical examination, focusing on risk factors for cardiac, pulmonary and infectious complications, and a determination of a patient's functional capacity, are essential to any preoperative evaluation. In addition, the type of surgery influences the overall perioperative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p387.html

Update on Digoxin Therapy in Congestive Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - Congestive heart failure is a progressive disease with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, the incidence and prevalence of congestive heart failure have increased in recent years. Contributing factors include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p409.html

PRE-OPportunity Knocks: A Different Way to Think About the Preoperative Evaluation - ...

Jul 15, 2000 - ...as atenolol show a cardioprotective effect in the perioperative period.4 Many patients with indications for therapy with beta blockers (hypertension, postmyocardial infarction, angina) may not be receiving these agents. This situation can be considered in the pre-operative...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p308.html

Diary from a Week in Practice - Jul 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - ...She was elated! So was WLL! The 28-year-old patient with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) had wrestled with obesity, hirsutism, mild hypertension and oligomenorrhea. She was not able to get pregnant even though her husband's semen analysis was normal. WLL suggested a trial of...

American Family Physician : Diary from a Week in Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p353.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2000 - ...Historically, diastolic blood pressure has been considered the most important factor in adverse sequelae of hypertension. However, recent evidence has shown that systolic blood pressure has an equal or even greater role in cardiovascular risk. Kannel reviewed the evidence suggesting...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0715/p440.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - ...the occurrence of the following adverse events: myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension, hypotension, stroke, transient ischemic attack, bronchospasm, respiratory failure, oxygen desaturation, diabetic ketoacidosis,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p229.html

Cyclooxygenase-2 Enzyme Inhibitors: Place in Therapy - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) play a major role in the management of inflammation and pain caused by arthritis. A new class of NSAIDs that selectively inhibit the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme has been developed. The first COX-2 inhibitors, celecoxib and rofecoxib, are...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3669.html

Health Issues in Men: Part I. Common Genitourinary Disorders - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - Common genitourinary health issues that arise in the care of male patients include prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, urogenital cancers, premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction. Bacterial infections are responsible for only 5 to 10 percent of prostatitis cases. Benign ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3657.html

Successful Management of the Obese Patient - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - Obesity is a chronic disease that affects a substantial number of Americans. Obesity significantly increases a person's risk of cardiovascular diseases and morbidity. Modification of lifestyle behaviors that contribute to obesity (e.g., inappropriate diet and inactivity) is the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3615.html

Conference Highlights - Jun 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - ...patients tended to be older than patients without depression, but there was no difference in history of previous MI, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, or history of cardiac revascularization among the two groups. The two groups were also similar with regard to previous...

American Family Physician : Conference Highlights

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3679.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2000 - ...blood pressure and heart rate readings in patients with controlled and uncontrolled hypertension. Twenty-nine ambulatory subjects were identified by hypertension-related codes (stage 1 to 3 hypertension) from the International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision. Digital...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0615/p3714.html

Choosing Drug Therapy for Patients with Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - Almost 13 million American adults require drug therapy to meet the low-density lipoprotein goals set by the National Cholesterol Education Program. Attempts to achieve these goals through diet and exercise are often unsuccessful. Major studies in recent years have demonstrated that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3371.html

Current Management of Mitral Valve Prolapse - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - Mitral valve prolapse is a pathologic anatomic and physiologic abnormality of the mitral valve apparatus affecting mitral leaflet motion.

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3343.html

Screening for Colorectal Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2000 - Case study: SE is a 69-year-old man who has never been screened for colorectal cancer. After conducting a history and physical examination, it appears that he is not at high risk for colorectal cancer.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3477.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - ...Cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hyperlipidemia have been identified as major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Experimental and observational studies have shown that activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system increases the risk of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3401.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - ...In about 90 percent of cases, atrial fibrillation is associated with heart disease. The most commonly associated condition is hypertension, particularly if complicated by left ventricular hypertrophy. Although relatively uncommon in patients with chronic stable coronary artery...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3426.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - ...and risk factors were similar between groups. More than one half (54 percent) of the patients were current smokers, 39 percent had hypertension, 26 percent had diabetes and 16 percent had hyperlipidemia. About 14 percent of the patients in each group stopped taking the assigned...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3440.html

Combination Antihypertensive Drugs: Recommendations for Use - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - The recommendation for first-line therapy for hypertension remains a beta blocker or diuretic given in a low dosage. A target blood pressure of less than 140/90 mm Hg is achieved in about 50 percent of patients treated with monotherapy; two or more agents from different pharmacologic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3049.html

Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Update for Primary Care - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss among the elderly. In this condition, central vision is lost, but peripheral vision almost always remains intact. Affected persons rarely require canes or guide dogs. The diagnosis of age-related macular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3035.html

Combination Antihypertensive Drug Therapy: A Therapeutic Option Long Overdue - ...

May 15, 2000 - ...all causes) is much higher in these patients than in those who have hypertension and no comorbid conditions. Over the years, target blood pressure levels have not been the primary subject of debate in hypertension therapy. Rather, debate has centered on the antihypertensive drug...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p2974.html

Family Practice International - May 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...(ACE) inhibitors can retard progression of nephropathy at this stage. At more advanced stages of diabetic nephropathy, overt proteinuria, hypertension and reduction in creatinine clearance develop. Patients rapidly progress to require dialysis or transplantation. Aggressive...

American Family Physician : Family Practice International

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3154.html

Quantum Sufficit - May 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...at least in men. A recent Australian study of 60 patients with central obesity and high triglyceride levels, high blood glucose values or hypertension found that after compliance with the high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet plan for 12 weeks, insulin sensitivity was improved in men,...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p2957.html

Clinical Review of Recent Findings on the Awareness, Diagnosis and Treatment of ...

May 15, 2000 - In response to the widespread problem of depression in the United States, the American Medical Association (AMA) has conducted a clinical review on the diagnosis and management of depression.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3158.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, particularly in combination with other factors such as obesity, smoking, diabetes and dyslipidemia. Effective management of hypertension results in reduced morbidity and mortality. The latest report from the Joint...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3148.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...delay cardiovascular events and, in patients with diabetes, they also have been shown to be beneficial after acute myocardial infarction, hypertension and microvascular renal disease. The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) study investigated the effectiveness of the ACE...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3140.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...referred to subspecialist care. In spite of careful screening and diligent pregnancy care, poor outcomes such as fetal or neonatal death, hypertension, placental abruption or previa, preterm delivery, low birth weight and complications of labor continue to occur in apparently...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3119.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...States as well as in other countries. The major risk factors for stroke are similar to those for coronary artery disease and include hypertension, diabetes and elevated cholesterol levels. Interventions to control risk factors have been shown to protect against stroke. One...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3115.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...patients in a similar manner in which they target blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes and blood pressure levels in patients with hypertension.—k.e.m. Add/view commentsHide comments Copyright © 2000 by the American Academy of Family Physicians. This content is owned by...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3118.html

The Preparticipation Athletic Evaluation - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - A comprehensive medical history that includes questions about a personal and family history of cardiovascular disease is the most important initial component of the preparticipation athletic evaluation. Additional questions should focus on any history of neurologic or musculoskeletal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2683.html

What Your Patients Don't Tell You - Curbside Consultation - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - Why is such critical information about patients and their lives so frequently left unsaid? There are a myriad of possible explanations.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2895.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - ...likely to benefit the most from early treatment. Thus, older patients (mean age: 70.9 years), women, and patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, a history of prior stroke, congestive heart failure or myocardial infarction were more likely to be treated according to the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2810.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - ...Stroke risk stratification studies have identified hypertension, advanced age, left ventricular dysfunction and previous stroke or transient ischemic attack as risk factors for cardioembolic embolism. Patients with these conditions are most helped by anticoagulation rather than...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2875.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2000 - ...The decreases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality achieved by controlling hypertension in elderly patients have been well documented. Therapy based on beta blockers and diuretics resulted in a reduction of more than 40 percent in major cardiovascular end points such as stroke,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2866.html

Significant FDA Approvals in 1999 - FDA Perspective - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - ...and near-term (> 34 weeks) neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure associated with clinical or echocardiographic evidence or pulmonary hypertension, where it improves oxygenation and reduces the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Bexarotene (Targretin) Treatment of...

American Family Physician : FDA Perspective

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2531.html

Quantum Sufficit - Apr 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - ...to geographic variation in diet and lifestyle. The study findings prompt questions about the current practice used to define hypertension. Currently, hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher, or diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. Researchers...

American Family Physician : Quantum Sufficit

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2313.html

Clinical Briefs - Apr 15, 2000 - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - ...patients and 101 physicians (primarily cardiologists and family physicians) showed that 36 percent of patients who are being treated for hypertension have changed medications at least once because of severe side effects. The dosage of their current medication had to be adjusted at...

American Family Physician : Clinical Briefs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2545.html

AHA and ACC Outline Approaches to Coronary Disease Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Apr 15, 2000 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology (ACC) have issued a report that discusses approaches to the assessment of cardiovascular risk as a tool for primary prevention of coronary disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2534.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - ...10 mg). Most of these prescriptions were made following diagnoses of pulmonary or rheumatic conditions. Common comorbid conditions were hypertension, anemia, hepatitis, diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease. Calcium and vitamin D were the most commonly prescribed...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2499.html

Drug Therapy for Obesity - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Obesity is a common health problem in the United States, and effective treatment is challenging. Obesity is associated with an increased mortality rate and risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Numerous treatments are available for obesity. Behavioral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2131.html

Recognition of Common Childhood Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Although cancer has an annual incidence of only about 150 new cases per 1 million U.S. children, it is the second leading cause of childhood deaths. Early detection and prompt therapy have the potential to reduce mortality. Leukemias, lymphomas and central nervous system tumors account ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2144.html

Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Acute renal failure occurs in 5 percent of hospitalized patients. Etiologically, this common condition can be categorized as prerenal, intrinsic or postrenal. Most patients have prerenal acute renal failure or acute tubular necrosis (a type of intrinsic acute renal failure that is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2077.html

Management of Giant Cell Arteritis and Polymyalgia Rheumatica - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica are closely related disorders that affect persons more than 50 years of age and cause substantial morbidity. Patients with giant cell arteritis typically have a localized headache, nonspecific systemic symptoms, temporal artery tenderness ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2061.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - ...disorders. (POTS = postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome; HR = heart rate; BP = blood pressure; OH = orthostatic hypotension; HTN = hypertension; SSRI = selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) Adapted with permission from Professional Postgraduate Services, a division of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2209a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - ...was 2.7 percent. The rate of stroke was 1 percent in patients less than 78 years of age and 4 percent in older patients. Older age and hypertension were predictors of stroke. View/Print Figure FIGURE. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis for primary outcome events (non-fatal stroke,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2206.html

Clinically Significant Drug Interactions - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - A large number of drugs are introduced every year, and new interactions between medications are increasingly reported. Consequently, it is no longer practical for physicians to rely on memory alone to avoid potential drug interactions. Multiple drug regimens carry the risk of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1745.html

Osteoarthritis: Current Concepts in Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - Most patients with osteoarthritis seek medical attention because of pain. The safest initial approach is to use a simple oral analgesic such as acetaminophen (perhaps in conjunction with topical therapy). If pain relief is inadequate, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1795.html

Alcoholism in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are common but underrecognized problems among older adults. One third of older alcoholic persons develop a problem with alcohol in later life, while the other two thirds grow older with the medical and psychosocial sequelae of early-onset alcoholism. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1710.html

Management of Gallstones and Their Complications - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - The accurate differentiation of gallstone-induced biliary colic from other abdominal disease processes is the most crucial step in the successful management of gallstone disease. Despite the availability of many imaging techniques to demonstrate the presence of gallstones, clinical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1673.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - ...a series of questions about risk factors for sleep apnea, including snoring behavior, waketime sleepiness or fatigue, and obesity or hypertension. For a sample of the Berlin Questionnaire, see the accompanying figure on page 1828. Netzer and associates evaluated the usefulness of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1825.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - ...medical clinics. The home measurements are believed to be essential to distinguish sustained elevations of blood pressure from white coat hypertension and may be better predictors of target organ damage and premature mortality than measurements taken by medical personnel. The...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1868.html

Essentials of the Diagnosis of Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - Although heart failure is a common clinical syndrome, especially in the elderly, its diagnosis is often missed. A detailed clinical history is crucial and should address not only current signs and symptoms of heart failure but also signs and symptoms that point to a specific cause of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1319.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - ...Several large studies have found that hypertension and an abnormal circadian blood-pressure profile are strongly correlated with albuminuria and may predict renal and cardiovascular events. Evidence shows that lowering blood pressure in patients with type 1 diabetes attenuates the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1486.html

The Geriatric Patient: A Systematic Approach to Maintaining Health - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2000 - The number of persons 65 years of age and older continues to increase dramatically in the United States. Comprehensive health maintenance screening of this population is becoming an important task for primary care physicians. As outlined by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1089.html

Book Reviews - Multimedia Review - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...Hypertension Management: Clinical Pathways, Guidelines and Patient Education Edited by Jo Gulledge. Price, $69.00. Aspen Publishers, 200 Orchard Ridge Dr., Ste. 200, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, 1999. Phone: 800-638-8437. ISBN: 0-834-21702-3. Labor Day: Shared Experiences from the...

American Family Physician : Multimedia Review

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1212.html

Chicago Universities Collaborate on 'Problem-Oriented Diagnosis' Series - Inside AFP - ...

Feb 15, 2000 - ...department include urinary tract infection, headache, dyslipidemia and cervical cytology. Dr. Rudy has a personal research interest in hypertension and insulin resistance, and is interested in teaching and learning about osteoporosis and colon cancer—watch for Dr. Rudy's upcoming...

American Family Physician : Inside AFP

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p922.html

Genetic Testing - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...than expected. The complexity is actually much greater for gene-influenced, common diseases, usually of adult onset (e.g., cancer, hypertension, bipolar disorder and type 2 diabetes [formerly known as non–insulin-dependent diabetes]) than it is for single-gene (Mendelian) diseases...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p950.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...Controlling Hypertension with Angiotensin II Receptors Am Fam Physician. 2000 Feb 15;61(4):1140. Hypertension remains poorly controlled in the United States, even with many options for antihypertensive treatment. Data from the 1994 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1140.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...Experimental evidence suggests an association between hypertension and abnormalities of calcium metabolism that could lead to increased calcium loss, secondary parathyroid hyperactivity and loss of calcium from bone. Because this association could have serious consequences in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1122.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...Portal hypertension with bleeding varices is a serious complication of cirrhosis that can be treated surgically and with drug therapy. Patients with encephalopathy require a low-protein diet and enough lactulose to produce three or four bowel movements daily. Hepatorenal syndrome,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1127.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...Patients with heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension or ventricular arrhythmias were also excluded. The study consisted of three visits. At one visit patients underwent a symptom-limited exercise stress test and nuclear scintigraphy. In the exercise stress test, time to at least 1...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1112.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...more weeks of gestation. Medical indications for induction of labor in 294 women included gestation greater than 41 weeks, preeclampsia, hypertension, diabetes, fetal growth restriction and premature rupture of membranes. Elective induction was chosen for 143 women for a variety of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1173.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - ...with type 2 diabetes. Recent evidence suggests that complications associated with CHD can be reduced through intensified treatment of hypertension and dyslipidemia. The Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S) has previously shown that treatment with simvastatin, a...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1178.html

Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy, and the most common causative organism is Escherichia coli. Asymptomatic bacteriuria can lead to the development of cystitis or pyelonephritis. All pregnant women should be screened for bacteriuria and subsequently treated with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p713.html

Dietary Therapy for Children with Hypercholesterolemia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Accumulating evidence clearly shows that atherosclerosis begins in youth. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has recommended that children at high risk of developing coronary artery disease as adults be screened so that those with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p675.html

Palpable Shin Lesions - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p789.html

Corrections - Feb 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - ...in Tips from Other Journals in the July 1999 issue contains an error. The review on page 286, Comparison of Drugs Used to Treat Chronic Hypertension, incorrectly states that persons who are taking diuretics should not take ACE inhibitors (fourth sentence of the first full paragraph...

American Family Physician : Corrections

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p647a.html

Family Practice International - Feb 1, 2000 - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - ...The choice of treatment depends on patient characteristics and coexisting conditions. When atrial fibrillation is associated with hypertension, ischemic heart disease or thyrotoxicosis, the patient may benefit from ß-blockade. When left ventricular function is poor, digoxin and...

American Family Physician : Family Practice International

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p878.html

Hypercholesterolemia in Children - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - ...coronary risk factors are increased with obesity, including elevated total and LDL cholesterol levels, reduced HDL cholesterol levels, hypertension and insulin resistance.9 In an autopsy study of children dying traumatically, elevated body mass index was the risk factor that...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p633.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - ...Exclusions included recent use of reproductive hormones, endometrial hyperplasia, hormone-dependent cancer, abnormal vaginal bleeding, hypertension, obesity or any contraindication to hormone use. Smoking of more than one pack per day was not permitted. Over 1,000 women were...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p872.html

Smell and Taste Disorders: A Primary Care Approach - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2000 - Smell and taste disorders are common in the general population, with loss of smell occurring more frequently. Although these disorders can have a substantial impact on quality of life and may represent significant underlying disease, they are often overlooked by the medical community. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p427.html

When to Operate in Carotid Artery Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2000 - Carotid endarterectomy has proved to be beneficial in the prevention of stroke in selected patients. The procedure is indicated in symptomatic patients with carotid-territory transient ischemic attacks or minor strokes who have carotid artery stenosis of 70 to 99 percent. With a low ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p400.html

AHA Examines Cardiovascular Problems in Diabetes - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 15, 2000 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued recommendations for interventions to reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p561.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2000 - ...Hypertension Mitral annular calcium Prior arterial thromboembolism Rheumatic mitral stenosis Women more than 75 years of age Adapted with permission from Aronow WS. Management of atrial fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmias and pacemakers in older persons....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p539.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2000 - ...oral magnesium treatment, median PDT decreased by 35 percent. This change was not related to the presence of other risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes or smoking. Magnesium treatment appeared to have no effect on platelet aggregation, serum lipid levels, fibrinogen or...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p513.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2000 - ...of treatment is to determine the underlying cause of the VT, when possible, and treat that cause. Specifically, congestive heart failure, hypertension, left ventricular dysfunction or hypertrophy, hypoxia, digitalis toxicity and low serum levels of potassium and magnesium should be...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p535.html

Diagnostic Evaluation of Erectile Dysfunction - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2000 - Erectile dysfunction, the persistent inability to attain or maintain penile erection sufficient for sexual intercourse, affects millions of men to various degrees. The majority of cases have an organic etiology, most commonly vascular disease that decreases blood flow into the penis. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p95.html

Contemporary Management of Angina: Part II. Medical Management of Chronic Stable Angina...

Jan 1, 2000 - Except for a small subset of patients with angina whose survival is improved with coronary artery bypass surgery, chronic stable angina can be appropriately managed with medical therapy in the vast majority of patients. Drug therapy includes aspirin, beta-adrenergic blockers, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0101/p129.html

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