Search Results for

hypertension

101-200 of 211 Results
Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer ...

Oct 15, 2016 - S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p661.html

Preventing Sports Injury and Illness: Key Resources for Family Physicians - Editorials ...

Apr 15, 2017 - Given the limited attention paid to the role and importance of physical activity in medical schools and the limited exposure to sports medicine and musculoskeletal problems during residency, many physicians would likely benefit from additional knowledge to improve their ability to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p479.html

Exercise and Older Patients: Prescribing Guidelines - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - A combination of aerobic activity, strength training, and flexibility exercises, plus increased general daily activity can reduce medication dependence and health care costs while maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life in older adults. However, patients often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p437.html

The Health Hazards of Air Pollution—Implications for Your Patients - Editorials - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Air pollution has many deleterious health effects. Physicians can encourage their patients to recognize the health cobenefits of actions to support the environment.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p146.html

Preventing Diagnostic Errors in Primary Care - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Taking specific steps to make diagnosis more reliable is something we should all consider. We will never be perfect, but we owe it to our patients and our profession to improve. A diagnostic checklist is included.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p426.html

AAFP Releases Position Paper on Preconception care - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has released a position paper providing evidence-based recommendations that address reproductive health care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p508.html

Preparation of the Cardiac Patient for Noncardiac Surgery - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Approximately 20 to 40 percent of patients at high risk of cardiac-related morbidity develop myocardial ischemia perioperatively. The preferred approach to diagnostic evaluation depends on the interactions of patient-specific risk factors, surgery-specific risk factors, and exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p656.html

ACIP Updates Influenza Vaccination Recommendations for 2016-2017 - Practice Guidelines ...

Oct 15, 2016 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its annual recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2016–2017 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p668.html

Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Physicians face several barriers to counseling their patients about nutrition, including conflicting evidence of the benefit of counseling, limited training and understanding of the topic, and imperfect and varied guidelines to follow. Because cardiovascular disease remains the leading ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p257.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1075.html

Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incidence can be reduced by adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle and detection and treatment of major risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Eating Less Meat: A Healthy and Environmentally Responsible Dietary Choice - Editorials...

Mar 15, 2016 - What should physicians tell their patients about eating meat?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p451.html

Influenza Vaccination for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2016 - Influenza vaccination may reduce cardiovascular mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The effect of vaccination is unclear among patients in the general population without known cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p357.html

The Maternal Health Benefits of Breastfeeding - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - ...Hypertension Myocardial infarction Obesity Ovarian cancer Table 1. Health Risks for Mothers Who Do Not Breastfeed Breast cancer Diabetes mellitus Hyperlipidemia Hypertension Myocardial infarction Obesity Ovarian cancer Recently, a growing...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p602.html

ACIP Releases Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination, 2015-2016 - Practice ...

Oct 15, 2015 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its yearly recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2015–2016 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1015/p732.html

What to Do at Well-Child Visits: The AAFP’s Perspective - Editorials - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2015 - Well-child visits provide the best opportunities to deliver evidence-based preventive services. Family physicians have limited time at these visits and therefore should prioritize preventive services that have strong evidence of net benefit.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p362.html

Low-Dose Aspirin Use for the Prevention of Morbidity and Mortality from Preeclampsia: ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of low-dose aspirin (81 mg per day) as preventive medication after 12 weeks of gestation in women who are at high risk of preeclampsia.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/od1.html

Evaluation and Prevention of Diabetic Neuropathy - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Diabetic neuropathy is a debilitating disorder that occurs in nearly 50 percent of patients with diabetes. It is a late finding in type 1 diabetes but can be an early finding in type 2 diabetes. The primary types of diabetic neuropathy are sensorimotor and autonomic. Patients may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2123.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

May 1, 2015 - The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/od1.html

AHA/ASA Release Guideline on Stroke Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) have released a guideline to help physicians identify women with increased risk of stroke and initiate appropriate preventive measures. The guideline includes recommendations on pregnancy and stroke; cerebral ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p330.html

AHA and ASA Release Guideline for Prevention of Future Stroke in Patients with Stroke ...

Jan 15, 2015 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and American Stroke Association (ASA) have updated their guideline on prevention of future stroke in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Currently, the average annual rate of future stroke in these patients is at a ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p136.html

AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has updated its guidance on the use of palivizumab (Synagis) prophylaxis in infants and children at increased risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because the palivizumab package labeling does not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p867.html

Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of ...

Jan 1, 2015 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of multivitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0101/od1.html

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation Does Not Decrease CVD-Related Outcomes - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2014 - Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation does not decrease the risk of cardiovascular outcomes in this older population. Although the numbers are small, supplementation may prevent heart disease in patients already at low risk; that is, patients without a history of cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p662.html

Management of Withdrawal Syndromes and Relapse Prevention in Drug and Alcohol Abuse - ...

Jul 1, 1998 - The primary care physician is in a good position to diagnose, manage and intervene with patients who are undergoing the process of treatment and recovery from alcohol and drug disorders. Medications such as benzodiazepines are effective in the treatment of withdrawal syndromes, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0701/p139.html

New Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin in Atrial Fibrillation: No Clear Winner - POEMs - ...

Jul 15, 2014 - In this meta-analysis, newer anticoagulants appear to be slightly more effective than warfarin in the short term (two years) in preventing strokes of all kinds in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, they are no more effective than warfarin in preventing ischemic strokes, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p110a.html

AHA/ASA Guidelines on Prevention of Recurrent Stroke - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2011 - Persons who survive a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of experiencing another stroke. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA) have released updated guidelines on preventing recurrent stroke in patients who have had a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p993.html

Smallpox Vaccine: Contraindications, Administration, and Adverse Reactions - American ...

Sep 1, 2003 - Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the anthrax exposures in the following weeks, concern that smallpox could be used as a biologic weapon has increased. Public health departments and the U.S. military have begun the process of vaccinating soldiers and civilian ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p889.html

ACP Recommendations for VTE Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Patients - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 15, 2012 - Most hospitalized patients have at least one risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), such as pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis. The American College of Physicians (ACP) has released guidelines on VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized, nonsurgical patients, including those ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1204.html

Nut Consumption Associated with Reduced Mortality - POEMs - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - In a study of health professionals, nut consumption was associated with reduced all-cause mortality. This was primarily because of a reduction in heart disease associated with any nut consumption and a reduction in cancer associated with tree nut consumption.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p389.html

The Geriatric Patient: A Systematic Approach to Maintaining Health - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2000 - The number of persons 65 years of age and older continues to increase dramatically in the United States. Comprehensive health maintenance screening of this population is becoming an important task for primary care physicians. As outlined by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1089.html

Promoting and Prescribing Exercise in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2002 - Regular exercise provides a myriad of health benefits in older adults, including improvements in blood pressure, diabetes, lipid profile, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive function. Regular physical activity is also associated with decreased mortality and age-related ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p419.html

Aspirin Is as Safe and Effective as LMWH for Extended Thromboprophylaxis After Total ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Aspirin is as effective as dalteparin for extended thromboprophylaxis in patients who had total hip arthroplasty and had initially received 10 days of dalteparin prophylaxis postoperatively. Because of its relative safety, low cost, and easy administration, aspirin is an attractive ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p739.html

Finasteride Prevents Low-Grade Prostate Cancers, but Does Not Reduce Mortality - POEMs ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Although finasteride prevents low-grade prostate tumors, it does not affect overall survival or survival after prostate cancer diagnosis. Although high-grade cancers were more common among men taking finasteride, up to 18 years of follow-up failed to show increased mortality in this group.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p744.html

Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

Update on Oral Contraceptive Pills - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1999 - Oral contraceptive pills are widely used and are generally safe and effective for many women. The World Health Organization has developed a risk classification system to help physicians advise patients about the safety of oral contraceptive pills. The choice of pill formulation is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2073.html

n-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2013 - There is no evidence that n-3 fatty acids prevent cardiovascular events or death in older adults who have cardiovascular disease (or who are at risk of it but have not had a myocardial infarction).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/od2.html

ACIP Releases Influenza Vaccination Updates for 2013-2014 - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2013 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has updated its annual guidelines for routine influenza vaccination in 2013–2014. Vaccination is recommended for all persons six months or older who do not have contraindications.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p543.html

Updated Recommendations on Daily Aspirin Use in Patients with Diabetes - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2010 - To address the uncertainties about aspirin use in persons with diabetes, experts from the American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, and American College of Cardiology Foundation reviewed the current evidence and updated the 2007 recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1559.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastin (Caduet) for Preventing Heart Disease - STEPS - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Amlodipine/atorvastatin offers no added benefit in safety, tolerability, or effectiveness over amlodipine and atorvastatin taken separately. It has not been shown to improve mortality or morbidity in patients who have hypertension with or without dyslipidemia. The only potential ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1067.html

Preventing Stroke in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 1999 - Stroke is the third most common overall cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. New therapeutic interventions instituted in the period immediately after a stroke have revolutionized the approach to ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Recognition of a...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2329.html

Dietary Therapy for Preventing and Treating Coronary Artery Disease - American Family ...

Mar 15, 1998 - Nearly one half of Americans die of cardiovascular disease. The morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease is strongly related to abnormal lipid levels, oxidation of lipids and intra-arterial clot formation. Nutrition powerfully influences each of these factors. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1299.html

Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Message from ...

Oct 15, 2003 - Cardiovascular disease is responsible for 65 percent of deaths in persons with type 2 diabetes. However, awareness of cardiovascular disease risk factors among patients with diabetes remains low, resulting in missed opportunities to lower risks for coronary events and strokes. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1569.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

Antioxidant Vitamins and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease - American Family ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Clinical use of antioxidant vitamin supplementation may help to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies find lower CHD morbidity and mortality in persons who consume larger quantities of antioxidants in foods or supplements. Clinical trials indicate that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p895.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p30.html

Optimal Management of Cholesterol Levels and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in women, is largely preventable. Lifestyle modifications (e.g., diet and exercise) are the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention. Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides and low levels of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217.html

Effective Use of Statins to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2001 - Primary and secondary prevention trials have shown that use of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (also known as statins) to lower an elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level can substantially reduce coronary events and death from coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p309.html

Which Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Do Not Need Anticoagulation Therapy with ...

Sep 1, 2004 - Anticoagulation therapy with warfarin is not indicated for use in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation who are at low risk for embolic cerebral vascular events. The classification of low risk for embolic stroke is defined as a 1 percent annual risk for stroke or lone atrial ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p917.html

Do Electronic Health Records Improve Processes and Outcomes of Preventive Care? - ...

May 15, 2012 - Electronic health records (EHRs) are thought to be valuable tools to prompt physicians to provide preventive services. How strong is the evidence that EHRs can improve processes and outcomes of preventive care?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p956.html

Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial ...

Mar 15, 2012 - How does rivaroxaban compare with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? This study concluded that rivaroxaban is noninferior to warfarin. However, noninferiority trials do not meet the same rigorous design and statistical format of traditional ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p577.html

Recent Developments in Colorectal Cancer Screening and Prevention - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Colorectal cancer is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Studies published in the early 1990s, showing that screening for colorectal cancer can reduce colorectal cancer-related mortality, led many organizations to recommend screening in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p297.html

AHA Updates Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Major changes addressed in the American Heart Association's (AHA) 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are that benefits and risks found in the clinical practice setting were strongly considered, and recommendations were not based solely on benefits found in the clinical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p70.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

Statins for Primary Cardiovascular Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Oct 1, 2011 - Trials to date have found that statins reduce all-cause mortality, composite cardiovascular outcomes, and revascularization. However, most trials included large numbers of persons with known CVD. Clear evidence of the effectiveness of statins to prevent a first cardiovascular event is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p767.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p234.html

Updated Dietary Guidelines from the USDA and HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Aug 1, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) jointly created the updated version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. The updated guidelines are based on two main concepts: focusing on balancing caloric intake over time ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p332.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin in men 45 to 79 years of age when the potential benefit of a reduction in myocardial infarctions (MIs) outweighs the potential harm of an increase in gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1464.html

Diabetic Nephropathy: Preventing Progression - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Mar 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent progression of nephropathy in persons with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and early and late nephropathy?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p732.html

Preventing Dementia: Is There Hope for Progress? - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Undoubtedly, there is an increasing need to clarify the modifiable risk factors for cognitive impairment. Because the prevalence of dementia doubles every five years, the global burden of dementia will increase significantly—an impact that warrants a more anticipatory approach to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1034.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment: ...

Feb 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of using the nontraditional risk factors discussed in this statement to screen asymptomatic men and women with no history of coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p441.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment - Putting ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Case study: A 47-year-old man with no history of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes mellitus, or any CHD risk equivalent asks about smoking cessation therapies. His past laboratory results include a total cholesterol level of 230 mg per dL (5.96 mmol per L) and a high-density ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p449.html

Preventive Health: Time for Change - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - It is time to make a decision. Which will be our health promotion strategy—primary prevention or secondary prevention?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p610.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for Influenza Vaccination for 2010-2011 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2010 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated recommendations on influenza control for the 2010–2011 season. Seasonal influenza vaccines in 2010–2011 will contain A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p838.html

Primary Prevention of CVD: Physical Activity - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Jul 15, 2010 - Does counseling to increase physical activity lead to increased physical activity in healthy persons without existing CVD? What are the health benefits of increasing physical activity in relation to cardiovascular outcomes in healthy persons without existing CVD?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p136.html

Effectiveness of B-Complex Vitamins for Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2010 - Eight randomized clinical trials that included 24,210 patients did not show a reduction in MI, stroke, or all-cause mortality with B-complex vitamin therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p850.html

Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Putting Prevention into ...

Nov 1, 2002 - Case study: ST is a 55-year-old man who you see regularly for hypertension and depression. He is overweight and sedentary, and his elder sister recently had a heart attack. He asks you whether he should take a daily aspirin, just in case.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1737.html

Is Telmisartan Effective for Stroke Prevention? - AFP Journal Club - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2009 - Does telmisartan therapy after stroke prevent recurrence and adverse cardiovascular events? Despite lowering blood pressure, telmisartan did not provide preventative benefit. This study reflects problems with publication bias and that surrogate markers, such as blood pressure control, ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1042.html

Screening for High Blood Pressure: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 15, 2009 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for high blood pressure in adults 18 years and older.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1087.html

Joint Guideline on Intensive Glycemic Control and the Prevention of Cardiovascular ...

Nov 15, 2009 - Recommendations from the American Diabetes Association (ADA), American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACC), and American Heart Association (AHA) for glycemic control and prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1167.html

Screening for High Blood Pressure - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2009 - Case study: A.R. is a healthy 30-year-old man who recently obtained health insurance through his new job. His last physical examination was more than 10 years ago. Because you are a friend and a family physician, he asks you whether he should have his blood pressure checked.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/p1093.html

Oral Anticoagulants vs. Antiplatelet Therapy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2008 - Compared with antiplatelet therapy, oral anticoagulation significantly reduces stroke at an average follow-up of one to three years, but does not reduce mortality. Intracranial or extracranial hemorrhage is more common with anticoagulation and must be weighed against its therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1250.html

ACE Inhibitors vs. ARBs for Patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2007 - Studies comparing ACE inhibitors or ARBs with placebo found no mortality benefit in patients with diabetic kidney disease. A subgroup analysis of five studies (2,034 total patients) found that, when given at full or maximally tolerated doses, ACE inhibitors reduce all-cause mortality ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p68.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Although no difference in effectiveness has been demonstrated in existing trials, too few patients have been studied to detect small but clinically important differences in pregnancy rates. Low-dose estrogen pills have higher rates of discontinuation and bleeding disturbances.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224a.html

Levonorgestrel/Ethinyl Estradiol (Lybrel) for Continuous Contraception - STEPS - ...

Jan 15, 2008 - Lybrel appears to be as safe and effective as other combined oral contraceptives; however, at this time, there is little published data about this specific product. Other combined monophasic oral contraceptives, some of which cost less than Lybrel, can be used continuously and have been...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p222.html

Prescribing for Older Adults: Finding the Balance - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - ...of minimal gain. Much drug therapy in older adults is to prevent illnesses by decreasing risks that will never affect them. We treat hypertension, hyperlipidemia, osteoporosis, and other risk factors—these are not diseases—just as we would in younger persons. The benefit of these...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1768.html

Metformin Therapy and Diabetes Prevention in Adolescents Who Are Obese - FPIN's ...

Nov 1, 2007 - No studies have addressed the question of whether metformin reduces development of diabetes among adolescents who are obese. Metformin treatment in adolescents who are obese can modestly reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including elevated body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1357.html

Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Children - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2007 - A growing body of literature points to the significance of premature cardiovascular disease in certain childhood diagnoses and emphasizes the importance of risk reduction by disease stratification.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1873.html

Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors May Reduce the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2007 - The literature shows that acarbose can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. However, it is unclear whether the drug stops or delays the development of the disease or masks the diagnosis. There is no evidence that ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p374.html

AHA Publishes Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 1, 2007 - Guidelines presented by the American Heart Association (AHA) represent the most current clinical recommendations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women 20 years and older.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1096.html

CDC Releases Guidelines on Improving Preconception Health Care - Practice Guidelines - ...

Dec 1, 2006 - Improving preconception health care can result in improved reproductive health outcomes and has the potential to reduce societal costs, as well. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed recommendations for physicians and public health officials that aim to improve ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1967.html

Practice Guidelines - Nov 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2006 - The Partnership for Prevention conducted a study to accurately rank 25 preventive health care services. These rankings represent the most valuable preventive services and should be used to help physicians prioritize which services to emphasize with patients.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1787.html

AAP Examines Prevention of Childhood Obesity Through Lifestyle Changes - Practice ...

Oct 15, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement, Active Healthy Living: Prevention of Childhood Obesity Through Increased Physical Activity, addresses how physicians can encourage physical activity in children and adolescents who are currently or are at risk of becoming ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1434.html

Antihypertensive Agents for Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the only antihypertensive agents with proven effectiveness for the primary prevention of diabetic nephropathy (defined as an albumin excretion of less than 30 mg per day on three serial measurements) caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes....

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p77.html

Dietary Advice to Lower Cardiovascular Risk - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

May 1, 2006 - Dietary advice to lower fat and salt intake and increase intake of fruits, vegetables, and fiber produces modest improvements in cardiovascular risk factors. More intensive counseling yields greater effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1551.html

Practice Guidelines - Feb 15, 2006 - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2006 - A report that identifies ways to improve prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in persons with type 1 diabetes has been released by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p730.html

Practice Guidelines - Oct 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released its report on assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures conducted in the United States in 2002.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1614a.html

Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Low Back Pain in Adults: Recommendation Statement...

Jun 15, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on low back pain and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2d ed.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2337.html

Ethinyl Estradiol/Levonorgestrel (Seasonale) for Oral Contraception - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2005 - Women using ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel can expect similar or improved effectiveness and fewer menstrual cycles. Due in part to an increased incidence of unexpected bleeding in the first six months of use, a greater percentage of women will discontinue this regimen than will those ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1581.html

Use of Antiretrovirals to Prevent HIV Infection from a Nonoccupational Source - ...

May 15, 2005 - ...Previous: Improving the Quality of Care for Patients with Hypertension Next: Treating My Child's Asthma View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 71/No. 10(May 15, 2005) / Practice Guidelines: Use of Antiretrovirals to Prevent HIV Infection from a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p2010.html

ACS/ADA/AHA Issue Core Recommendations for Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, ...

Feb 15, 2005 - The American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Diabetes Association (ADA), and the American Heart Association (AHA) have issued core recommendations for the prevention and early detection of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p806.html

Ethinyl Estradiol/Drospirenone (Yasmin): A Newer Oral Contraceptive - STEPS - American ...

May 15, 2004 - An effective oral contraceptive, ethinyl estradiol/drospirenone can elevate potassium levels when given in combination with other potassium-elevating agents and offers no advantage over traditional oral contraceptives.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/p2425.html

Counseling for Breastfeeding - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Case study: BS, a 26-year-old woman in her second trimester of pregnancy, comes to your office for routine prenatal care. She expresses concern because one of her relatives has told her that she should not breastfeed. You want to recommend breastfeeding and wonder how to counsel her.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p149.html

Preventive Therapy for Diabetes: Lifestyle Changes and the Primary Care Physician - ...

Jan 15, 2004 - ...Regular exercise has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality from diabetes and many other conditions such as vascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. Although the data are mixed about the positive impact of counseling, the potential benefits of exercise combined...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p269.html

Decreasing the Morbidity, Mortality, and Cost of Stroke Through Awareness and ...

Dec 15, 2003 - ...Primary prevention of stroke includes the treatment of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and glucose control in patients with diabetes, the use of warfarin (Coumadin) in patients with atrial fibrillation, and smoking cessation....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2335.html

Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care to Promote a Healthy Diet - U.S. Preventive ...

Jun 15, 2003 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on counseling to promote a healthy diet in primary care patients and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2573.html

Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care to Promote a Healthy Diet - Putting Prevention ...

Jul 1, 2003 - Case study: More than 80 percent of Americans eat fewer than the recommended number of daily servings of fruit, vegetables, and grain products. Furthermore, they receive more than the recommended proportions of daily calories from saturated fat and total fat. You contemplate ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0701/p147.html

25 50 100 results per page