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hypertension

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Back Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and acute low back pain, lumbar spinal stenosis, sciatica, and vertebral compression fractures. This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=109

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in the United States, affecting up to 30% of adults. There are two forms of NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), defined as 5% or greater hepatic steatosis without hepatocellular injury or fibrosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p603.html

Health Maintenance and Counseling - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and counseling and related issues, including dietary and nutrition guidelines, health maintenance in children, lifestyle counseling, and physical activity. This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=64

Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, dialysis, hematuria, proteinuria, and renal disease. This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=15

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p631.html

Dysphagia: Evaluation and Collaborative Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dysphagia is common but may be underreported. Specific symptoms, rather than their perceived location, should guide the initial evaluation and imaging. Obstructive symptoms that seem to originate in the throat or neck may actually be caused by distal esophageal lesions. Oropharyngeal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p97.html

Diagnosis and Management of Sarcoidosis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in any organ, most commonly the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes. A diagnosis of sarcoidosis should be suspected in any young or middle-aged adult presenting with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p840.html

Parkinson Disease - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Parkinson disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with significant morbidity and mortality. Most patients consult with their primary care physician about Parkinson disease symptoms before seeking care from a specialist. The diagnosis of Parkinson disease is clinical, and key...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p679.html

Health Maintenance for Women of Reproductive Age - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Health maintenance for women of reproductive age includes counseling and screening tests that have been demonstrated to prevent disease and improve health. This article focuses mainly on conditions that are more common in women or have a unique impact on female patients. Family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p209.html

Hyperlipidemia: Drugs for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Adults - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the U.K. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) indicate that lipid-lowering drugs have benefit for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p78.html

Eye and Vision Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye examinations, glaucoma, LASIK surgery, ocular emergencies, red eye, vision loss, and vision screening. This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=66

HIV/AIDS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS and related issues, including antiretroviral therapy, behavioral counseling, HIV testing, sexually transmitted diseases, and infection prevention. This collection features AFP content on human ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=11

Screening for High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents - Putting Prevention into... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - A 10-year-old boy with obesity and a family history significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia presents to your clinic for a well-child examination. The parents are concerned about their child 's risk for hypertension and ask whether they should be monitoring his blood pressure.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p371.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2017 - Myocardial infarction (MI), a subset of acute coronary syndrome, is damage to the cardiac muscle as evidenced by elevated cardiac troponin levels in the setting of acute ischemia. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Chest pain is a common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p170.html

Obesity - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, childhood obesity, diet, exercise, lifestyle counseling, and weight loss maintenance. This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=19

Short-Term Systemic Corticosteroids: Appropriate Use in Primary Care - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Short-term systemic corticosteroids, also known as steroids, are frequently prescribed for adults in the outpatient setting by primary care physicians. There is a lack of supporting evidence for most diagnoses for which steroids are prescribed, and there is evidence against steroid use ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p89.html

Seizure Disorders - American Family Physician

May 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic medications, epilepsy, febrile seizures, nonepileptic seizures, seizures in the elderly, and status epilepticus. This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=80

Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content from the Point-of-Care Guides collection on topics related to anticoagulation, cancer, cardiovascular issues, diabetes, gastrointestinal issues, infectious diseases, mortality risk, musculoskeletal issues, neurologic issues, obstetric issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=75

Pain Management in Labor - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - A patient’s sense of empowerment and control is most predictive of maternal satisfaction with childbirth. Analgesia during labor greatly affects this experience. Individual patient priorities for labor pain management should be explored as part of routine prenatal care. Continuous labor...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p355.html

Health Maintenance in School-aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Mar 15, 2011 - The goals of the well-child examination in school-aged children (kindergarten through early adolescence) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. A complete history should address any concerns from the patient and family and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p683.html

Hepatitis (and Other Liver Diseases) - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other liver disease, including cirrhosis, chronic liver failure, hemochromatosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This collection features AFP content on hepatitis and other ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=38

Endometrial Biopsy: Tips and Pitfalls - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - Endometrial biopsy is a safe and efficient method to evaluate the endometrium for a variety of indications, most commonly abnormal uterine bleeding and postmenopausal bleeding. Endometrial biopsy is highly specific for diagnosing atypical hyperplasia and endometrial cancer in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p551.html

Screening, Diagnosis, and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - American Family...

Apr 1, 2015 - Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 6% of pregnancies in the United States, and it is increasing in prevalence. Pregnant women without known diabetes mellitus should be screened for GDM after 24 weeks of gestation. Treatment of GDM results in a statistically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p460.html

Respiratory Distress in the Newborn - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - The most common etiology of neonatal respiratory distress is transient tachypnea of the newborn; this is triggered by excessive lung fluid, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously. Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p987.html

Sleep Disorders in Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=83

Ear and Hearing Disorders - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on ear and hearing disorders and related issues, including hearing loss, otitis externa, otitis media, and tinnitus. This collection features AFP content on ear and hearing disorders and related issues, including hearing loss, otitis ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=98

Chlorthalidone vs. Hydrochlorothiazide for Treatment of Hypertension - FPIN's Help Desk...

Dec 1, 2015 - Chlorthalidone produces slightly greater reductions in blood pressure compared with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), but it is associated with greater declines in serum potassium levels. Chlorthalidone lowers the risk of cardiovascular events about 18% more than HCTZ at the same achieved ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1015.html

Persistent Night Sweats: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Night sweats are a nonspecific symptom that patients commonly experience but rarely discuss with their physicians without prompting. Although many life-threatening causes such as malignancies or infections have been described, most patients who report persistent night sweats in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p427.html

Chronic Nonallergic Rhinitis - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - Chronic nonallergic rhinitis encompasses a group of rhinitis subtypes without allergic or infectious etiologies. Although chronic nonallergic rhinitis represents about one-fourth of rhinitis cases and impacts 20 to 30 million patients in the United States, its pathophysiology is unclear...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p171.html

Pneumonia - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on pneumonia and related issues, including community-acquired pneumonia, and nursing home care. This collection features AFP content on pneumonia and related issues, including community-acquired pneumonia, and nursing home care.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=22

Caring for Transgender and Gender-Diverse Persons: What Clinicians Should Know - ...

Dec 1, 2018 - Persons whose experienced or expressed gender differs from their sex assigned at birth may identify as transgender. Transgender and gender-diverse persons may have gender dysphoria (i.e., distress related to this incongruence) and often face substantial health care disparities and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p645.html

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (IgA Vasculitis): Rapid Evidence Review - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 15, 2020 - Henoch-Schönlein purpura, now called immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis, is a systemic, immune complex–mediated, small-vessel leukocytoclastic vasculitis characterized by nonthrombocytopenic palpable purpura, arthritis, and abdominal pain. It is the most common vasculitis in children but...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/p229.html

Diagnosis and Management of Vertebral Compression Fractures - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are the most common complication of osteoporosis, affecting more than 700,000 Americans annually. Fracture risk increases with age, with four in 10 white women older than 50 years experiencing a hip, spine, or vertebral fracture in their lifetime. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p44.html

Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Chronic wounds are those that do not progress through a normal, orderly, and timely sequence of repair. They are common and are often incorrectly treated. The morbidity and associated costs of chronic wounds highlight the need to implement wound prevention and treatment guidelines. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p159.html

Tobacco Abuse and Dependence - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on tobacco abuse and dependence and related issues, including addiction, behavioral and drug therapies, lifestyle counseling, and smoking cessation. This collection features AFP content on tobacco abuse and dependence and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=28

Care of Special Populations - American Family Physician

May 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on the care of special populations and related issues, including ethnic minorities; gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered persons; homeless and uninsured persons; and mentally retarded persons. This collection features AFP content on the care of ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=45

Type 1 Diabetes: Management Strategies - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - There is considerable benefit of tight glucose control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Tight blood glucose control dramatically decreases the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Although glycemic goals should be individualized, most nonpregnant adults ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p154.html

Travel Medicine - American Family Physician

May 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on travel medicine and related issues, including malaria, traveler’s diarrhea, pretravel consultation, and travel immunizations. This collection features AFP content on travel medicine and related issues, including malaria, traveler’s diarrhea, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=70

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related issues, including the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of adults and children with ADHD. This collection features AFP content on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=68

Genetics - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on genetics and related issues, including family medical history, genetic testing, and specific syndromes (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, fragile X syndrome, Down Syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Turner syndrome). This ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=56

The Preparticipation Sports Evaluation - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - The preparticipation physical evaluation is a commonly requested medical visit for amateur and professional athletes of all ages. The overarching goal is to maximize the health of athletes and their safe participation in sports. Although studies have not found that the preparticipation ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p371.html

Oral and Dental Conditions - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on oral and dental conditions and related issues, including temporomandibular disorders, smell and taste disorders, dental infections, and salivary gland disorders. This collection features AFP content on oral and dental conditions and related ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=108

Anemia - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2018 - This collection features AFP content on anemia and related issues, including blood transfusions, iron deficiency and iron supplementation, macrocytosis, microcytosis, and thalassemia. This collection features AFP content on anemia and related issues, including blood transfusions, iron ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=2

Anxiety Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=85

Eye Emergencies - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2020 - Central retinal artery occlusions, chemical injuries, mechanical globe injuries, and retinal detachments are eye emergencies that can result in permanent vision loss if not treated urgently. Family physicians should be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of each condition and be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1101/p539.html

Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Aug 1, 2020 - Continuous electronic fetal monitoring was developed to screen for signs of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral palsy, and impending fetal death during labor. Because these events have a low prevalence, continuous electronic fetal monitoring has a false-positive rate of 99%. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0801/p158.html

Immunizations (excluding Influenza) - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on child and adult immunizations (excluding influenza) and related issues, including travel immunizations and specific immunizations (hepatitis A and B, herpes zoster, human papillomavirus, meningococcus, pertussis, pneumococcus, rotavirus, smallpox,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=63

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 15, 2020 - Asymptomatic bacteriuria, defined as the presence of bacteria in the urine in the absence of urinary symptoms, is a common clinical finding that often warrants a decision about whether to initiate antimicrobial therapy. There are few indications to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0715/p99.html

Postpartum Care: An Approach to the Fourth Trimester - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 15, 2019 - The postpartum period, defined as the 12 weeks after delivery, is an important time for a new mother and her family and can be considered a fourth trimester. Outpatient postpartum care should be initiated within three weeks after delivery in person or by phone, and may require multiple ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p485.html

Blood Product Transfusion in Adults: Indications, Adverse Reactions, and Modifications ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Millions of units of blood products are transfused annually to patients in the United States. Red blood cells are transfused to improve oxygen-carrying capacity in patients with or at high risk of developing symptomatic anemia. Restrictive transfusion thresholds with lower hemoglobin ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p30.html

Pregnancy Myths and Practical Tips - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - For many patients, pregnancy is a highly anticipated and exciting phase of life, but it can also be anxiety provoking. Family physicians can resolve some of this anxiety and promote maternal and fetal health by making specific recommendations at prenatal visits. A daily prenatal vitamin...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p420.html

Substance Abuse - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2021 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=27

Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on atrial fibrillation and related issues, including anticoagulation therapy, antiplatelet therapy, arrhythmias, and palpitations. This collection features AFP content on atrial fibrillation and related issues, including anticoagulation therapy, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=33

Osteoporosis - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on osteoporosis and related issues, including calcium supplementation, fracture prevention, hip fracture, radiologic bone assessment, and vitamin D deficiency. This collection features AFP content on osteoporosis and related issues, including calcium...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=20

Diagnosis and Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Atrial fibrillation is a supraventricular arrhythmia that adversely affects cardiac function and increases the risk of stroke. It is the most common arrhythmia and a major source of morbidity and mortality; its prevalence increases with age. Pulse rate is sensitive, but not specific, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p442.html

Unintentional Weight Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

May 1, 2014 - Unintentional weight loss in persons older than 65 years is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The most common etiologies are malignancy, nonmalignant gastrointestinal disease, and psychiatric conditions. Overall, nonmalignant diseases are more common causes of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p718.html

Physical Activity Guidelines for Older Adults - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2010 - Few older adults in the United States achieve the minimum recommended amount of physical activity. Lack of physical activity contributes to many chronic diseases that occur in older adults, including heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus, lung disease, Alzheimer disease, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p55.html

Gastroenteritis and Diarrhea in Children - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children and related issues, including dehydration, foodborne illnesses, probiotics, and rotavirus vaccination. This collection features AFP content on gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children and related issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=9

Top 20 Research Studies of 2019 for Primary Care Physicians - American Family Physician

May 15, 2020 - In 2019, regular surveillance of 110 English-language research journals identified 254 studies that met the criteria to become POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters). Physician members of the Canadian Medical Association rated these POEMs for their relevance to patients in their...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0515/p608.html

Tickborne Diseases: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - Tickborne diseases that affect patients in the United States include Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, tularemia, Colorado tick fever, and tickborne relapsing fever. Tickborne diseases are increasing in incidence and should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p530.html

Top POEMs of 2019 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - In this article, we discuss the POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) of 2019 judged to be most consistent with the principles of Choosing Wisely, an international campaign to reduce unnecessary testing and treatments. We selected these POEMs through a crowdsourcing strategy of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p673.html

Chronic Dyspnea: Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - Dyspnea is a symptom arising from a complex interplay of diseases and physiologic states and is commonly encountered in primary care. It is considered chronic if present for more than one month. As a symptom, dyspnea is a predictor for all-cause mortality. The likeliest causes of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p542.html

Updated Guidelines on Outpatient Anticoagulation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2013 - The American College of Chest Physicians provides recommendations for the use of anticoagulant medications for several indications that are important in the primary care setting. Warfarin, a vitamin K antagonist, is recommended for the treatment of venous thromboembolism and for the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p556.html

Pharmacologic Treatment of Hypertension in Adults Aged 60 Years or Older: A Guideline ...

May 1, 2017 - A high standard must be met when guidelines recommend lifelong preventive medications, knowing that at best, a small minority of patients will benefit and that all are risking harm.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p547.html

Dyspepsia - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP on dyspepsia and related issues, including Helicobacter pylori infection, general epigastric dysfunction, and GERD. This collection features AFP on dyspepsia and related issues, including Helicobacter pylori infection, general epigastric dysfunction, and GERD.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=8

Diagnosing Common Benign Skin Tumors - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2015 - Patients will experience a wide range of skin growths and changes over their lifetime. Family physicians should be able to distinguish potentially malignant from benign skin tumors. Most lesions can be diagnosed on the basis of history and clinical examination. Lesions that are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p601.html

End-of-Life Care - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on end-of-life care and related issues, including advance directives, hospice care, legal and ethical issues, nursing home care, palliative care, and terminal illness. This collection features AFP content on end-of-life care and related issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=57

Preterm Labor: Prevention and Management - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2017 - In the United States, preterm delivery is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and is the most common reason for hospitalization during pregnancy. The rate of preterm delivery (before 37 weeks’ gestation) has been declining since 2007. Clinical diagnosis of preterm labor is made if ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p366.html

Diastolic Heart Failure: The Challenges of Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2004 - Diastolic heart failure, a major cause of morbidity and mortality, is defined as symptoms of heart failure in a patient with preserved left ventricular function. It is characterized by a stiff left ventricle with decreased compliance and impaired relaxation, which leads to increased end...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0601/p2609.html

Menopause - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen and progestogen therapy, hormone therapy, hot flashes, mood symptoms, sexual difficulties, and postmenopause. This collection features AFP content on menopause and related issues, including estrogen...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=59

Occupational Health - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2021 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=89

Outpatient Burn Care: Prevention and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 15, 2020 - Most patients with burn injuries are treated as outpatients. Two key determinants of the need for referral to a burn center are burn depth and percentage of total body surface area involved. All burn injuries are considered trauma, prompting immediate evaluation for concomitant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p463.html

Evaluation of Short and Tall Stature in Children - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2015 - Short stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations below the mean for age (less than the 3rd percentile). Tall stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations above the mean for age (greater than the 97th percentile). The initial evaluation of short ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p43.html

Hormone Therapy and Other Treatments for Symptoms of Menopause - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2016 - The results of large clinical trials have led physicians and patients to question the safety of hormone therapy for menopause. In the past, physicians prescribed hormone therapy to improve overall health and prevent cardiac disease, as well as for symptoms of menopause. Combined ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p884.html

Medications for Chronic Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Chronic asthma is a major health concern for children and adults worldwide. The goal of treatment is to prevent symptoms by reducing airway inflammation and hyperreactivity. Step-up therapy for symptom control involves initiation with low-dose treatment and increasing intensity at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p454.html

Interventions to Improve Blood Pressure Control in Patients with Hypertension - ...

Aug 1, 2007 - One large study of adults with hypertension showed that a rigorous, systematic program including regular patient review and aggressive antihypertensive drug therapy improved systolic and diastolic blood pressure and reduced all-cause mortality (7.8 to 6.4 percent at five years; number ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p373.html

Surgical and Nonsurgical Management of Gallstones - American Family Physician

May 15, 2014 - Cholelithiasis, or gallstones, is one of the most common and costly of all the gastrointestinal diseases. The incidence of gallstones increases with age. At-risk populations include persons with diabetes mellitus, persons who are obese, women, rapid weight cyclers, and patients on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0515/p795.html

Amenorrhea: An Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2013 - Although amenorrhea may result from a number of different conditions, a systematic evaluation including a detailed history, physical examination, and laboratory assessment of selected serum hormone levels can usually identify the underlying cause. Primary amenorrhea, which by definition...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p781.html

Early Recognition and Management of Sepsis in Adults: The First Six Hours - American ...

Jul 1, 2013 - Sepsis is a complication of severe infection characterized by a systemic inflammatory response. Mortality rates from sepsis range between 25% to 30% for severe sepsis and 40% to 70% for septic shock. The clinical presentation of sepsis is highly variable depending on the etiology. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p44.html

Are Beta Blockers Effective First-line Treatments for Hypertension? - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2007 - Current evidence does not support the use of beta blockers as initial therapy for hypertension.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1306.html

Clinical Evaluation of Bleeding and Bruising in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2016 - Bleeding and bruising are common symptoms in the primary care setting. The patient history can help determine whether the bruising or bleeding is abnormal. The International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis has developed a bleeding assessment tool that can be used to indicate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0215/p279.html

Nocturnal Leg Cramps - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2012 - Up to 60 percent of adults report that they have had nocturnal leg cramps. The recurrent, painful tightening usually occurs in the calf muscles and can cause severe insomnia. The exact mechanism is unknown, but the cramps are probably caused by muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0815/p350.html

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Children - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2018 - The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents has increased worldwide over the past three decades. This increase has coincided with the obesity epidemic, and minority groups are disproportionately affected. The American Diabetes Association recommends screening ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p590.html

Influenza - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on influenza and related issues, including influenza vaccination and avian influenza. This collection features AFP content on influenza and related issues, including influenza vaccination and avian influenza.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=14

Nutrition - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2020 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=86

Screening and Counseling Adolescents and Young Adults: A Framework for Comprehensive ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Healthy development is likely to occur when an adolescent’s risk factors are limited and when protective factors are fostered. Healthy development is further encouraged when youth feel valued, empowered, and form healthy social connections. Threats to the well-being of adolescents ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p147.html

Opioid Epidemic - Key Resources - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2020 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=106

The Pregnant Patient: Managing Common Acute Medical Problems - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2018 - Women often see their primary care physicians for common acute conditions during pregnancy. These conditions may be caused by pregnancy (obstetric problems) or worsened by pregnancy (obstetrically aggravated problems), or they may require special consideration during pregnancy because ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p595.html

Preventing Falls in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2017 - The American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society recommend that all adults older than 65 years be screened annually for a history of falls or balance impairment. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Academy of Family Physicians recommend exercise or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p240.html

Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2014 - Thyroid disease is the second most common endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age, and when untreated during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, placental abruption, hypertensive disorders, and growth restriction. Current guidelines recommend ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p273.html

Opioid Use Disorder: Medical Treatment Options - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2019 - Opioid use disorder is highly prevalent and can be fatal. At least 2.1 million Americans 12 years and older had opioid use disorder in 2016, and approximately 47,000 Americans died from opioid overdoses in 2017. Opioid use disorder is a chronic relapsing condition, the treatment of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p416.html

Aliskiren (Tekturna) for the Treatment of Hypertension - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Aliskiren provides a new pharmacologic approach to treating hypertension; however, short-term studies have not identified a unique role. It is more expensive than commonly used first-line diuretics, and long-term safety has not been demonstrated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1203.html

Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Lymphoma is a group of malignant neoplasms of lymphocytes with more than 90 subtypes. It is traditionally classified broadly as non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphoma. Approximately 82,000 new U.S. patients are diagnosed with lymphoma annually. Any tobacco use and obesity are major modifiable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p34.html

Complementary and Alternative Medicine - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on complementary and alternative medicine, including herbs and dietary supplements, acupuncture, meditation, and yoga. This collection features AFP content on complementary and alternative medicine, including herbs and dietary supplements, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=60

Common Sleep Disorders in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - Up to 50% of children will experience a sleep problem. Early identification of sleep problems may prevent negative consequences, such as daytime sleepiness, irritability, behavioral problems, learning difficulties, motor vehicle crashes in teenagers, and poor academic performance. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p368.html

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2017 - Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from intrauterine exposure to alcohol and are the most common nonheritable causes of intellectual disability. The percentage of women who drink or binge drink during pregnancy has increased since 2012. FAS ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p515.html

Aseptic and Bacterial Meningitis: Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention - American ...

Sep 1, 2017 - The etiologies of meningitis range in severity from benign and self-limited to life-threatening with potentially severe morbidity. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt recognition and treatment. Mortality remains high despite the introduction of vaccinations ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0901/p314.html

Secondary Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. In patients who have had a myocardial infarction or revascularization procedure, secondary prevention of coronary artery disease by comprehensive risk factor modification reduces mortality, decreases ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p289.html

Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice -... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - L.C. is a 70-year-old Asian American woman who retired from teaching middle school five years ago. She lives independently and has a daughter and grandchildren who live within 30 miles of her. She presents for a follow-up visit to renew her hypertension medications. Her blood pressure ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p753.html

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