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hypertension

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Secondary Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2010 - Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. In patients who have had a myocardial infarction or revascularization procedure, secondary prevention of coronary artery disease by comprehensive risk factor modification reduces mortality, decreases ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p289.html

Diabetes Mellitus: Screening and Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2016 - Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common diagnoses made by family physicians. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to blindness, limb amputation, kidney failure, and vascular and heart disease. Screening patients before signs and symptoms develop leads to earlier diagnosis and treatment, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/p103.html

Tinnitus: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Tinnitus is the sensation of hearing a sound in the absence of an internal or external source and is a common problem encountered in primary care. Most cases of tinnitus are benign and idiopathic and are strongly associated with sensorineural hearing loss. A standard workup begins with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p663.html

Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2019 - Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p426.html

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - Aortic stenosis is the most important cardiac valve disease in developed countries, affecting 3 percent of persons older than 65 years. Although the survival rate in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, the average ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p717.html

Heart Failure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on heart failure and related issues, including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), cardiomyopathy, cardioverter-defibrillators, congestive heart failure, and diastolic and systolic heart failure. This...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=26

Family Planning and Contraception - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on family planning and contraception, including emergency contraception, hormonal and non-hormonal contraception, infertility, in vitro fertilization, intrauterine devices, preconception care, tubal sterilization, and vasectomy. This collection ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=71

Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Gout - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2014 - Gout is characterized by painful joint inflammation, most commonly in the first metatarsophalangeal joint, resulting from precipitation of monosodium urate crystals in a joint space. Gout is typically diagnosed using clinical criteria from the American College of Rheumatology. Diagnosis...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p831.html

Management of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus focus on three areas: intensive lifestyle intervention that includes at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, weight loss with an initial goal of 7 percent of baseline weight, and a low-fat, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p29.html

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism: Current Therapy - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2017 - Pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis are the two most important manifestations of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is the third most common life-threatening cardiovascular disease in the United States. Anticoagulation is the mainstay of VTE treatment. Most patients with deep...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p295.html

Management of Hypertriglyceridemia: Common Questions and Answers - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - Hypertriglyceridemia, defined as fasting serum triglyceride levels of 150 mg per dL or higher, is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Severely elevated triglyceride levels (500 mg per dL or higher) increase the risk of pancreatitis. Common risk factors for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p347.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2017 - The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be suspected in patients with risk factors (primarily a history of smoking) who report dyspnea at rest or with exertion, chronic cough with or without sputum production, or a history of wheezing. COPD may be suspected ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p433.html

Combination Antihypertensive Drugs: Recommendations for Use - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - The recommendation for first-line therapy for hypertension remains a beta blocker or diuretic given in a low dosage. A target blood pressure of less than 140/90 mm Hg is achieved in about 50 percent of patients treated with monotherapy; two or more agents from different pharmacologic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3049.html

Geriatric Care - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on geriatric care and related issues, including assistive devices, elder mistreatment, failure to thrive, fall prevention, geriatric assessment, house calls, impaired visual acuity, and nursing home care. This collection features AFP content on ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=55

A Stepwise Approach to the Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests - American Family...

Mar 1, 2014 - Office-based pulmonary function testing, also known as spirometry, is a powerful tool for primary care physicians to diagnose and manage respiratory problems. An obstructive defect is indicated by a low forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio, which...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p359.html

Abdominal Pain, Acute - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on acute abdominal pain and related issues, including acute pelvic pain, appendicitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and pancreatitis. This collection features AFP content on acute abdominal pain and related ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=73

Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks. This collection features AFP content on stroke and related issues, including acute ischemic stroke, statins, and transient ischemic attacks.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=24

Diagnosis and Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Atrial fibrillation is a supraventricular arrhythmia that adversely affects cardiac function and increases the risk of stroke. It is the most common arrhythmia and a major source of morbidity and mortality; its prevalence increases with age. Pulse rate is sensitive, but not specific, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p442.html

Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice -... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - L.C. is a 70-year-old Asian American woman who retired from teaching middle school five years ago. She lives independently and has a daughter and grandchildren who live within 30 miles of her. She presents for a follow-up visit to renew her hypertension medications. Her blood pressure ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p753.html

Neonatology/Newborn Issues - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on neonatology and newborn issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, circumcision, jaundice, newborn examination, newborn resuscitation, newborn screening, premature infant care, postpartum counseling, and well-child visits. This collection...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=18

Labor, Delivery, and Postpartum Issues - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on labor, delivery, and postpartum issues and related topics, including breastfeeding, cesarean delivery, episiotomy, labor pain management, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm labor and birth, shoulder dystocia, umbilical cord blood storage, and vaginal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=16

Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2019 - Acute kidney injury is a clinical syndrome characterized by a rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate and resultant accumulation of metabolic waste products. Acute kidney injury is associated with an increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular events, and progression to chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p687.html

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Primary Care Approach to Diagnosis and Management - ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that affects many systems, including the skin, musculoskeletal, renal, neuropsychiatric, hematologic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and reproductive systems. Family physicians should be familiar with the manifestations of lupus to aid ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p284.html

Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Impaired Fasting Glucose - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose form an intermediate stage in the natural history of diabetes mellitus. From 10 to 15 percent of adults in the United States have one of these conditions. Impaired glucose tolerance is defined as two-hour glucose levels of 140 to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1961.html

Anemia in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2018 - Anemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in older adults. Diagnostic cutoff values for defining anemia vary with age, sex, and possibly race. Anemia is often asymptomatic and discovered incidentally on laboratory testing. Patients may present with symptoms related to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p437.html

Topical Corticosteroids: Choice and Application - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - Topical corticosteroids are an essential tool for treating inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Topical corticosteroids are classified by strength and the risk of adverse effects such as atrophy, striae, rosacea, telangiectasias, purpura, and other ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p337.html

Depression and Bipolar Disorder - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on depression and bipolar disorder and related issues, including antidepressants, major depressive disorder, mental health, postpartum depression, and psychiatric medications. This collection features AFP content on depression and bipolar disorder ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=6

Sexually Transmitted Infections - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on sexually transmitted disease and related issues, including chlamydia, genital herpes, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus, and syphilis. This collection features AFP content on sexually transmitted disease and related issues, including chlamydia, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=23

Dementia - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on dementia and related issues, including Alzheimer’s, Binswanger’s type, dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies. This collection features AFP content on dementia and related issues, including Alzheimer’s, Binswanger’s type, dementia, and dementia ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=5

Arthritis and Joint Pain - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on arthritis and joint pain, including arthritis, gout, knee osteoarthritis, monoarthritis, osteoarthritis, polyarticular joint pain, Reiter's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, and shoulder osteoarthritis. This collection features AFP...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=77

Diagnosis and Management of Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2016 - Nephrotic syndrome (NS) consists of peripheral edema, heavy proteinuria, and hypoalbuminemia, often with hyperlipidemia. Patients typically present with edema and fatigue, without evidence of heart failure or severe liver disease. The diagnosis of NS is based on typical clinical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p479.html

Peripheral Vascular Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Peripheral vascular disease is a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis that leads to significant narrowing of arteries distal to the arch of the aorta. The most common symptom of peripheral vascular disease is intermittent claudication. At other times, peripheral vascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1971.html

Over-the-Counter Medications in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2014 - Many pregnant women take over-the-counter (OTC) medications despite the absence of randomized controlled trials to guide their use during pregnancy. Most data come from case-control and cohort studies. In 1979, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration began reviewing all prescription and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p548.html

Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on prenatal care and related issues, including preconception care, folic acid, medication safety, nausea and vomiting, pregnancy complications, and prenatal screening. This collection features AFP content on prenatal care and related issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=25

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family...

Sep 1, 2006 - Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with the majority of preventable cases attributed to excessive alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Cirrhosis often is an indolent disease; most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p756.html

Initiating Hormonal Contraception - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Most patients can safely begin using hormonal contraception at any point in their menstrual cycle. An evidence-based, flexible, patient-centered approach to initiating contraception promotes health and enhances patients’ reproductive autonomy. A recent Papanicolaou test is not necessary...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p291.html

Controlling Hypertension: Focusing on "Why" Makes "How" a Lot Easier -- FPM

Oct 1, 2014 - Understanding the power of quality data and then starting with a few specific measures leads to improved blood pressure rates.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2014/0900/p23.html

Type 1 Diabetes: Management Strategies - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - There is considerable benefit of tight glucose control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Tight blood glucose control dramatically decreases the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Although glycemic goals should be individualized, most nonpregnant adults ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p154.html

Fully Automated Blood Pressure Measurement Is the Way to Go in the Office - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2019 - automated measurement aligns better with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, the best predictor of cardiovascular events, than manual measurement; manual readings are an average 13.4 to 14.5 mm Hg (systolic) higher than daytime ambulatory or automated readings in patients with ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1115/p646.html

Frequent Headaches: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - Most frequent headaches are typically migraine or tension-type headaches and are often exacerbated by medication overuse. Repeated headaches can induce central sensitization and transformation to chronic headaches that are intractable, are difficult to treat, and cause significant ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p419.html

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2008 - The National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy has defined four categories of hypertension in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension. A maternal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p93.html

Health Maintenance and Counseling - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and counseling and related issues, including dietary and nutrition guidelines, health maintenance in children, lifestyle counseling, and physical activity. This collection features AFP content on health maintenance and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=64

Menstrual Disorders - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on menstrual conditions and related issues, including abnormal uterine bleeding, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, endometrial ablation, endometriosis, heavy menstrual bleeding, menorrhagia, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, premenstrual syndrome, and uterine...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=81

Medications for Chronic Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Chronic asthma is a major health concern for children and adults worldwide. The goal of treatment is to prevent symptoms by reducing airway inflammation and hyperreactivity. Step-up therapy for symptom control involves initiation with low-dose treatment and increasing intensity at ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p454.html

Testosterone Therapy: Review of Clinical Applications - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2017 - Testosterone therapy is increasingly common in the United States, and many of these prescriptions are written by primary care physicians. There is conflicting evidence on the benefit of male testosterone therapy for age-related declines in testosterone. Physicians should not measure ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p441.html

Chronic Nonallergic Rhinitis - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2018 - Chronic nonallergic rhinitis encompasses a group of rhinitis subtypes without allergic or infectious etiologies. Although chronic nonallergic rhinitis represents about one-fourth of rhinitis cases and impacts 20 to 30 million patients in the United States, its pathophysiology is unclear...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0801/p171.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2017 - Myocardial infarction (MI), a subset of acute coronary syndrome, is damage to the cardiac muscle as evidenced by elevated cardiac troponin levels in the setting of acute ischemia. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Chest pain is a common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p170.html

Office-Based Strategies for the Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Roughly two thirds of U.S. adults are overweight or obese. Obesity increases the risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, pulmonary disease, hepatobiliary disease, cancer, and a number of psychosocial complications. Physicians often feel unprepared ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1449.html

Genital Ulcers: Differential Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2020 - Genital ulcers may be located on the vagina, penis, and anorectal or perineal areas and may be infectious or noninfectious. Herpes simplex virus is the most common cause of genital ulcers in the United States. A diagnosis of genital herpes simplex virus infection is made through ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0315/p355.html

Polycythemia Vera: Rapid Evidence Review - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Polycythemia vera is one of three stem-cell–derived myeloid malignancies commonly known as myeloproliferative neoplasms. It is characterized by erythrocytosis, often with associated leukocytosis and thrombocytosis. It has a significant negative impact on overall mortality and morbidity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p680.html

Screening, Diagnosis, and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - American Family...

Apr 1, 2015 - Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 6% of pregnancies in the United States, and it is increasing in prevalence. Pregnant women without known diabetes mellitus should be screened for GDM after 24 weeks of gestation. Treatment of GDM results in a statistically ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p460.html

Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders - American Family Physician

May 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on thyroid and parathyroid disorders and related issues, including hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and thyroiditis. This collection features AFP content on thyroid and parathyroid disorders and related issues, including hyperthyroidism, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=67

Diagnosis and Management of Sarcoidosis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in any organ, most commonly the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes. A diagnosis of sarcoidosis should be suspected in any young or middle-aged adult presenting with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p840.html

Alcohol Use Disorders - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, and detoxification. This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=1

Preventing Falls in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2017 - The American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society recommend that all adults older than 65 years be screened annually for a history of falls or balance impairment. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Academy of Family Physicians recommend exercise or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p240.html

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Common Questions and Answers on Diagnosis and ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in the United States, affecting up to 30% of adults. There are two forms of NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), defined as 5% or greater hepatic steatosis without hepatocellular injury or fibrosis, and...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/p603.html

Epistaxis: Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2018 - Epistaxis is a common emergency encountered by primary care physicians. Up to 60% of the general population experience epistaxis, and 6% seek medical attention for it. More than 90% of cases arise from the anterior nasal circulation, and most treatments can be easily performed in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p240.html

Urinary Tract Infections in Young Children and Infants: Common Questions and Answers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 1, 2020 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in children and are associated with significant short- and long-term morbidity. They have a high recurrence rate and are associated with anatomic and functional abnormalities. The decision to test for UTI is based on risk factors and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0901/p278.html

When to Order Contrast-Enhanced CT - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Family physicians often must determine the most appropriate diagnostic tests to order for their patients. It is essential to know the types of contrast agents, their risks, contraindications, and common clinical scenarios in which contrast-enhanced computed tomography is appropriate. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p312.html

Allergy and Anaphylaxis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues, including allergies and asthma, allergens, allergy testing, allergic rhinitis, food allergies, and latex allergies. This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=58

Dysphagia: Evaluation and Collaborative Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Dysphagia is common but may be underreported. Specific symptoms, rather than their perceived location, should guide the initial evaluation and imaging. Obstructive symptoms that seem to originate in the throat or neck may actually be caused by distal esophageal lesions. Oropharyngeal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p97.html

Persistent Night Sweats: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - Night sweats are a nonspecific symptom that patients commonly experience but rarely discuss with their physicians without prompting. Although many life-threatening causes such as malignancies or infections have been described, most patients who report persistent night sweats in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p427.html

Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and related issues, including anticoagulation, heparin therapy, and venous thromboembolism. This collection features AFP content on deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and related issues, including...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=69

Pain: Chronic - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on chronic pain and related issues, including end-of-life care, NSAIDs, and opioid therapy. This collection features AFP content on chronic pain and related issues, including end-of-life care, NSAIDs, and opioid therapy.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=61

Cushing's Disease: Clinical Manifestations and Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2000 - The most common endogenous cause of Cushing's syndrome is Cushing's disease. Frequent clinical findings include weight gain, truncal obesity, striae, hypertension, glucose intolerance and infections. Cranial nerve II may be affected by enlarging pituitary adenomas in Cushing's disease; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1119.html

Dyspepsia - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP on dyspepsia and related issues, including Helicobacter pylori infection, general epigastric dysfunction, and GERD. This collection features AFP on dyspepsia and related issues, including Helicobacter pylori infection, general epigastric dysfunction, and GERD.

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=8

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers - FPIN's ...

Feb 1, 2015 - ACE inhibitors should be used in patients with hypertension because they reduce all-cause mortality, whereas ARBs do not.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p193.html

Preterm Labor: Prevention and Management - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2017 - In the United States, preterm delivery is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and is the most common reason for hospitalization during pregnancy. The rate of preterm delivery (before 37 weeks’ gestation) has been declining since 2007. Clinical diagnosis of preterm labor is made if ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p366.html

Systemic Sclerosis/Scleroderma: A Treatable Multisystem Disease - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2008 - Systemic sclerosis (systemic scleroderma) is a chronic connective tissue disease of unknown etiology that causes widespread microvascular damage and excessive deposition of collagen in the skin and internal organs. Raynaud phenomenon and scleroderma (hardening of the skin) are hallmarks...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p961.html

Seizure Disorders - American Family Physician

May 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic medications, epilepsy, febrile seizures, nonepileptic seizures, seizures in the elderly, and status epilepticus. This collection features AFP content on seizure disorders, including antiepileptic ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=80

Task Force Recommends Screening Adults for Hypertension

A new final recommendation statement from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening adults for high blood pressure in the clinic and confirming with measurement outside the clinic.

AAFP News : Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20210520uspstfhypertension.html

Back Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and acute low back pain, lumbar spinal stenosis, sciatica, and vertebral compression fractures. This collection features content from AFP on back pain and related issues, including chronic and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=109

Obesity - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, childhood obesity, diet, exercise, lifestyle counseling, and weight loss maintenance. This collection features AFP content on obesity and related issues, including bariatric surgery, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=19

Parkinson Disease - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - Parkinson disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with significant morbidity and mortality. Most patients consult with their primary care physician about Parkinson disease symptoms before seeking care from a specialist. The diagnosis of Parkinson disease is clinical, and key...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p679.html

Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2020 - Chronic wounds are those that do not progress through a normal, orderly, and timely sequence of repair. They are common and are often incorrectly treated. The morbidity and associated costs of chronic wounds highlight the need to implement wound prevention and treatment guidelines. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p159.html

AAP Hypertension Guideline Garners AAFP Affirmation of Value

The AAFP recently gave its affirmation of value designation to the American Academy of Pediatrics' guideline on screening for and managing high blood pressure in children and adolescents.

AAFP News : Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20180404aaphtnguideaffirm.html

Sleep Disorders in Adults - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=83

Cancer - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including various types (breast, cervical, childhood, colorectal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, skin, testicular, and other types of cancer). This collection features AFP content on cancer and related issues, including ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=31

Cardiovascular Effects of NSAIDs - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Aspirin does not elevate blood pressure. Among nonselective NSAIDs, ibuprofen increases the risk of hypertension and stroke. Diclofenac does not increase the risk of hypertension, but does increase the risk of stroke. Naproxen (Naprosyn) does not increase the risk of hypertension or ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od2.html

Hyperlipidemia: Drugs for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Adults - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the U.K. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) indicate that lipid-lowering drugs have benefit for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p78.html

Evaluating Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Nov 1, 2008 - Obesity continues to be a growing public health problem. According to the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 17 percent of persons two to 19 years of age are overweight. The number of obese children and adolescents has tripled in the past 20 years. Obesity in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1052.html

Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part II. Complications and Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2006 - Major complications of cirrhosis include ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatic encephalopathy, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, and hepatorenal syndrome. Diagnostic studies on ascitic fluid should include a differential leukocyte count, total protein level, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p767.html

Nutrition - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=86

Evaluation of Short and Tall Stature in Children - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2015 - Short stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations below the mean for age (less than the 3rd percentile). Tall stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations above the mean for age (greater than the 97th percentile). The initial evaluation of short ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p43.html

Care of Special Populations - American Family Physician

Aug 12, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on the care of special populations and related issues, including ethnic minorities; gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered persons; homeless and uninsured persons; and mentally retarded persons. This collection features AFP content on the care of ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=45

Caring for Transgender and Gender-Diverse Persons: What Clinicians Should Know - ...

Dec 1, 2018 - Persons whose experienced or expressed gender differs from their sex assigned at birth may identify as transgender. Transgender and gender-diverse persons may have gender dysphoria (i.e., distress related to this incongruence) and often face substantial health care disparities and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p645.html

Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, dialysis, hematuria, proteinuria, and renal disease. This collection features AFP content on kidney disease and related issues, including acute renal ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=15

Vision Loss in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2009 - Family physicians have an essential role in assessing, identifying, treating, and preventing or delaying vision loss in the aging population. Approximately one in 28 U.S. adults older than 40 years is visually impaired. Vision loss is associated with depression, social isolation, falls,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p963.html

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p631.html

Health Maintenance for Women of Reproductive Age - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Health maintenance for women of reproductive age includes counseling and screening tests that have been demonstrated to prevent disease and improve health. This article focuses mainly on conditions that are more common in women or have a unique impact on female patients. Family ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p209.html

Pregnancy Myths and Practical Tips - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Oct 1, 2020 - For many patients, pregnancy is a highly anticipated and exciting phase of life, but it can also be anxiety provoking. Family physicians can resolve some of this anxiety and promote maternal and fetal health by making specific recommendations at prenatal visits. A daily prenatal vitamin...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1001/p420.html

Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - This collection features AFP content from the Point-of-Care Guides collection on topics related to anticoagulation, cancer, cardiovascular issues, diabetes, gastrointestinal issues, infectious diseases, mortality risk, musculoskeletal issues, neurologic issues, obstetric issues, ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=75

Diagnosing Common Benign Skin Tumors - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2015 - Patients will experience a wide range of skin growths and changes over their lifetime. Family physicians should be able to distinguish potentially malignant from benign skin tumors. Most lesions can be diagnosed on the basis of history and clinical examination. Lesions that are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p601.html

Eye and Vision Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2021 - This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye examinations, glaucoma, LASIK surgery, ocular emergencies, red eye, vision loss, and vision screening. This collection features AFP content on eye and vision disorders, including amblyopia, eye ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=66

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related issues, including the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of adults and children with ADHD. This collection features AFP content on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=68

ICD-10 Coding -- FPM Topic Collection

Jun 1, 2021 - ICD-10 coding requires significant changes in your documentation, workflow, and technology compared with ICD-9 coding. This topic collection features how-to articles from FPM's popular ICD-10 coding series. ICD-10 coding requires significant changes in your documentation, workflow, and ...

Family Practice Management : Topic Collections

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=79

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2017 - Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from intrauterine exposure to alcohol and are the most common nonheritable causes of intellectual disability. The percentage of women who drink or binge drink during pregnancy has increased since 2012. FAS ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/p515.html

Short-Term Systemic Corticosteroids: Appropriate Use in Primary Care - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2020 - Short-term systemic corticosteroids, also known as steroids, are frequently prescribed for adults in the outpatient setting by primary care physicians. There is a lack of supporting evidence for most diagnoses for which steroids are prescribed, and there is evidence against steroid use ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0115/p89.html

Pain Management in Labor - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 15, 2021 - A patient’s sense of empowerment and control is most predictive of maternal satisfaction with childbirth. Analgesia during labor greatly affects this experience. Individual patient priorities for labor pain management should be explored as part of routine prenatal care. Continuous labor...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p355.html

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