Search Results for

stroke

201-300 of 2888 Results
Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

AFP Documents with Keyword: Kidney Disorders, Chronic - American Family Physician

...Issue Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin to Prevent Stroke and Embolic Events in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and CKD [Cochrane for Clinicians] Direct oral anticoagulants are as likely as warfarin to prevent all strokes and systemic embolic events in patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2377

AFP Documents with Keyword: Kidney Disorders, Chronic - American Family Physician

...Issue Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin to Prevent Stroke and Embolic Events in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and CKD [Cochrane for Clinicians] Direct oral anticoagulants are as likely as warfarin to prevent all strokes and systemic embolic events in patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2377&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Kidney Disorders, Chronic - American Family Physician

...an estimated 27 million adults in the United States, and is associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Patients should be assessed annually to determine whether they are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease base... Jan...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2377&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Labor, Delivery, Postpartum - American Family Physician

...Aug 15, 2019 Issue Asthma, Back and Neck Pain, Pain During Labor, TIA, CBT for Anxiety [AFP Clinical Answers] Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians. Pages: Previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2380&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Menopause - American Family Physician

...intact uterus and no history of skeletal fractures. She asks if menopausal hormone therapy would help prevent chronic illness, specifically stroke and dementia. Nov 1, 2012 Issue AACE Releases Guidelines for Menopausal Hormone Therapy [Practice Guidelines] Menopause is...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2387&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Menopause - American Family Physician

...women taking combined continuous hormone therapy have higher risks of myocardial infarction and venous thromboembolism after one year, stroke after three years, and breast cancer after five years. In women who take hormone therapy continuously for five years, there is a lower...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2387&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Myocardial Infarction - American Family Physician

...Aug 15, 2020 Issue Daily Colchicine Post-MI Reduces Strokes and Recurrent Hospitalizations for Angina [POEMs] Daily colchicine after MI reduces cardiovascular events, specifically strokes and hospitalizations for angina. It is inexpensive and well-tolerated and should be...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2470

AFP Documents with Keyword: Myocardial Infarction - American Family Physician

...Aug 15, 2020 Issue Daily Colchicine Post-MI Reduces Strokes and Recurrent Hospitalizations for Angina [POEMs] Daily colchicine after MI reduces cardiovascular events, specifically strokes and hospitalizations for angina. It is inexpensive and well-tolerated and should be...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2470&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Neurologic - American Family Physician

...for good outcomes in patients with nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is usually caused by a ruptured aneurysm. This type of stroke often results in death or disability. Rates of misdiagnosis and treatment delays for subarachnoid hemorrhage have im... Mar 1, 2013 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2396

AFP Documents with Keyword: Neurologic - American Family Physician

...for good outcomes in patients with nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is usually caused by a ruptured aneurysm. This type of stroke often results in death or disability. Rates of misdiagnosis and treatment delays for subarachnoid hemorrhage have im... Mar 1, 2013 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2396&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Nutrition - American Family Physician

...Issue Update on Vitamin Supplements for the Prevention of Coronary Disease and Stroke [Article] Dietary antioxidants and folic acid may play a role in the pathophysiology of coronary disease and stroke. We review patient-oriented evidence on the effectiveness of supplementation...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2399&page=6

AFP Documents with Keyword: Nutrition - American Family Physician

...A 36-year-old patient, L.B., with a history of hypertension presents for a wellness visit. The patient's mother had a stroke at 65 years of age and the patient's older brother recently had a heart attack. L.B. has an estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk of 6%, and L.B.'s body mass...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2399

AFP Documents with Keyword: Nutrition - American Family Physician

...A 36-year-old patient, L.B., with a history of hypertension presents for a wellness visit. The patient's mother had a stroke at 65 years of age and the patient's older brother recently had a heart attack. L.B. has an estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk of 6%, and L.B.'s body mass...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2399&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Occupational Health - American Family Physician

...Activities of Daily Living After Stroke [Cochrane for Clinicians] Compared with standard rehabilitation, ADL-based occupational therapy significantly decreases death or institutionalization and deterioration in the ability to perform ADL after stroke. The optimal length and type...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2401&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Oral and Dental Conditions - American Family Physician

...impaired children (i.e., those with mental retardation or cerebral palsy) and in adults who have Parkinson's disease or have had a stroke. It is most commonly caused by poor oral and facial muscle control. Contributi... Mar 1, 2004 Issue Tongue Bump [Photo Quiz] Photo Quiz...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2403&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Psychiatric/Psychologic - American Family Physician

...Aug 15, 2019 Issue Asthma, Back and Neck Pain, Pain During Labor, TIA, CBT for Anxiety [AFP Clinical Answers] Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians. Aug 15, 2019 Issue Cognitive...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2430&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pulmonary Embolism - American Family Physician

...In patients at high risk of stroke because of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, rivaroxaban is as safe and effective as warfarin. However, it should not be used in patients at risk of stroke for reasons other than nonvalvular atrial fibrillation until research shows its relative...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2431&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pulmonary Embolism - American Family Physician

...and direct oral anticoagulants are commonly used for the prevention and treatment of systemic embolism associated with atrial fibrillation, stroke, and venous thromboembolism. Low-molecular-weight heparin and select direct oral anticoagulants can be used for anticoagulation therapy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2431

AFP Documents with Keyword: Pulmonary Embolism - American Family Physician

...and direct oral anticoagulants are commonly used for the prevention and treatment of systemic embolism associated with atrial fibrillation, stroke, and venous thromboembolism. Low-molecular-weight heparin and select direct oral anticoagulants can be used for anticoagulation therapy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2431&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA May 15, 2021 Issue Screening for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force] The USPSTF recommends against screening for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis in the general adult population. May 15, 2021...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA May 15, 2013 Issue AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular Artial Fibrillation [Practice Guidelines] New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA Jul 1, 2015 Issue CEA vs. Stenting: Mixed Results, Mostly Bad [POEMs] These two randomized trials, one with short-term outcomes and the other with five-year outcomes, demonstrate that carotid artery stenting results in more frequent strokes (clinical and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA Aug 15, 2019 Issue Asthma, Back and Neck Pain, Pain During Labor, TIA, CBT for Anxiety [AFP Clinical Answers] Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians. Apr 1, 2019 Issue...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA Apr 1, 2010 Issue Effectiveness of B-Complex Vitamins for Prevention of Cardiovascular Events [Cochrane for Clinicians] Eight randomized clinical trials that included 24,210 patients did not show a reduction in MI, stroke, or all-cause mortality with B-complex...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=4

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA May 15, 2021 Issue Screening for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force] The USPSTF recommends against screening for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis in the general adult population. May 15, 2021...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=0

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA May 15, 2006 Issue AAN Review of Carotid Endarterectomy [Practice Guidelines] A subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) reviewed articles on carotid endarterectomy to assess the effectiveness of the procedure in preventing stroke in patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=5

AFP Documents with Keyword: Stroke and TIA - American Family Physician

...Stroke and TIA Jan 15, 2000 Issue When to Operate in Carotid Artery Disease [Article] Carotid endarterectomy has proved to be beneficial in the prevention of stroke in selected patients. The procedure is indicated in symptomatic patients with carotid-territory transient ischemic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2447&page=6

AFP Documents with Keyword: Vascular Disorders - American Family Physician

...Short-term Risk of Stroke After TIA [Point-of-Care Guides] Five to 10 percent of patients presenting with TIA will have a stroke within the following week. Because guidelines do not mandate hospitalization for patients who have had a TIA or suspected TIA,4,5 validated clinical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2460&page=3

AFP Documents with Keyword: Vascular Disorders - American Family Physician

...Jun 15, 2012 Issue Transient Ischemic Attack: The Rules Have Changed [AFP Journal Club] This scientific guideline includes three game changers for physicians regarding TIA. The Journal Club authors discuss why physicians should be wary of clinical guidelines that are based on...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2460&page=2

AFP Documents with Keyword: Vascular Disorders - American Family Physician

...statin therapy for slightly more than two years will prevent one myocardial infarction (MI) for every 83 persons treated and prevent one stroke for every 250 persons treated. May 15, 2017 Issue Venous Leg Ulcers [Clinical Evidence Handbook] What are the effects of treatments...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2460

AFP Documents with Keyword: Vascular Disorders - American Family Physician

...College of Physicians (ACP) has released guidelines on VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized, nonsurgical patients, including those with acute stroke. Pages: Previous 1 2 3 4 Next Advertisement Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2460&page=1

AFP Documents with Keyword: Vascular Disorders - American Family Physician

...statin therapy for slightly more than two years will prevent one myocardial infarction (MI) for every 83 persons treated and prevent one stroke for every 250 persons treated. May 15, 2017 Issue Venous Leg Ulcers [Clinical Evidence Handbook] What are the effects of treatments...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDocumentsByKeyword.htm?keywordId=2460&page=0

AFP Journal Club Department Collection - American Family Physician

Three presenters review an interesting journal article on topics that affect family physicians and give their opinions about the clinical value of the studies.

For key concepts in evidence-based medicine, tips on assessing the quality of research studies, and teaching ...

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=17

AFP Journal Club Department Collection - American Family Physician

Three presenters review an interesting journal article on topics that affect family physicians and give their opinions about the clinical value of the studies.

For key concepts in evidence-based medicine, tips on assessing the quality of research studies, and teaching ...

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=17&page=0

AFP Welcomes Two Editorial Fellows to the Team - Inside AFP - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - ...Previous: PEG Tubes Worsen Quality of Life in Patients Who Have Had a Stroke Next: Newsletter View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 72/No. 4(August 15, 2005) / Inside AFP: AFP Welcomes Two Editorial Fellows to the Team...

American Family Physician : Inside AFP

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p552.html

AFP's Top Articles

View the top 20 articles published in American Family Physician each year based on web views.

American Family Physician : American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/journals/afp/content/top-articles.html

afp20050615p2348-f1.pdf

...Step 1. Determine the patient’s annual risk of stroke using the two clinical decision rules shown below: ACCP Rule Features Risk group Annual stroke rate, % (95% CI) History of stroke or TIA; hypertension; heart failure; age older than 75 years; or more than one moderate...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/afp20050615p2348-f1.pdf

afp20051015p1492.pdf

...dis- ease, spondylotic osteophytes or colloidal cysts that transiently block the vertebral arteries or cerebral aqueduct, vertebrobasi- lar stroke). The typical signs of epileptic seizures include déjà vu, tongue lacerations, limb jerking, and postictal confusion but not common...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/afp20051015p1492.pdf

afp20060101p91.pdf

...3. Taylor F, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (U.S.), Office of Science and Health Reports. Cerebral palsy: hope through research. Bethesda, Md.: The Institute, 2001. Accessed online Septem- ber 28, 2005, at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/afp20060101p91.pdf

afp20060115p244.pdf

...Cerebrovascular disease such as transient ischemic attack or stroke Arterial occlusion causing cerebral ischemia or infarction, especially if affecting the vertebrobasilar system Migraine Episodic headaches, usually unilateral, with throbbing accompanied by other symptoms such...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/afp20060115p244.pdf

afp20060201p457.pdf

...because researchers found increased incidences of breast cancer (number needed to harm [NNH] = 1,250), coronary heart disease (NNH = 1,428), stroke (NNH = 1,250), and pulmonary embolism (NNH = 1,250) in the treatment group when compared with the placebo group.1 Many women find the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/afp20060201p457.pdf

afp20060501p1558.pdf

...Cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke) Primary hypertension Deafness Congenital or familial renal disease Dyslipidemia Primary hypertension Endocrine problems (e.g., diabetes, thyroid, adrenal) Familial endocrinopathies Hypertension Primary...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/afp20060501p1558.pdf

afp20060601p1971.pdf

...cessation. Smoking ces- sation also is recommended for the prevention of coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, and lung cancer. Diagnosis The differential diagnosis of PVD includes musculoskeletal and neurologic causes. The most common entity...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/afp20060601p1971.pdf

afp20060701p105.pdf

...Stroke 4 2 3 2 2 1 Surgery Minor, without prolonged immobilization 1 1 1 1 1 1 Major, without prolonged immobilization 2 1 1 1 1 1 Major, with prolonged immobilization 4 2 2 2 2 1 Thyroid disorders Simple goiter, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism 1 1 1 1 1 1 Uterine...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/afp20060701p105.pdf

afp20060801p449.pdf

...Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome also may be misdiagnosed as severe con- ditions including stroke, other neurologic conditions, infectious diseases, and adverse effects of other medications the patient is taking.29 Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome has been reported...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/afp20060801p449.pdf

afp20060915p971.pdf

...Collaboration. Collaborative over- view of randomised trials of antiplatelet therapy-I: prevention of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke by prolonged antiplatelet therapy in various catego- ries of patients. [Published correction appears in BMJ 1994;308:1540] BMJ...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/afp20060915p971.pdf

afp20060915p991.pdf

...10 percent of patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome develop cen- tral nervous system problems and subse- quent coma, hemiparesis, or stroke.27,28 In one review of 49 hemolytic uremic syn- drome studies, investigators found that of 3,476 patients with diarrhea-positive hemo- lytic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/afp20060915p991.pdf

afp20061015p1331.pdf

...Optimal application of these preventive practices significantly reduces the burden of death and disability caused by heart attack and stroke in women. (Am Fam Physician 2006;74:1331-40, 1342. Copyright © 2006 American Academy of Family Physicians.) Patient information: A handout...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/afp20061015p1331.pdf

afp20061101p1547.pdf

...claudica- tion. Neurologic manifestations may include mononeuropathies, peripheral polyneuropa- thies, and, rarely, transient ischemic attacks or strokes.1,6 As with PMR, physical examination in a patient with GCA may be unremarkable. Patients with gradual-onset GCA may pres- ent...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/afp20061101p1547.pdf

afp20061115p1739.pdf

...The most sensitive physical finding in testicular torsion is the absence of the crem- asteric reflex. This reflex is elicited by strok- ing or pinching the medial thigh, causing contraction of the cremaster muscle, which elevates the testis. The cremasteric reflex is considered...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/afp20061115p1739.pdf

afp20061215p2046.pdf

...Vascular parkinsonism Stepwise progression; CVA or TIA, comorbid cardiovascular disease Fixed deficits from previous events Lesions in white matter with or without basal ganglia5 Common because of the prevalence of cerebrovascular disease5 Essential tremor History in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/afp20061215p2046.pdf

afp20070101p85.pdf

...Carotid Artery Disease Stroke causes an estimated 273,000 deaths annually in the United States, making it the third leading cause of death.1 Stroke also is the most common cause of disability; 15 to 30 percent of patients are permanently disabled, and 20 percent will require insti-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/afp20070101p85.pdf

afp20070301p656.pdf

...History of stroke Uncontrolled systemic hypertension Intermediate Mild angina pectoris (Canadian class I or II‡) Previous MI by history or pathologic Q waves Compensated or prior heart failure Diabetes mellitus (particularly insulin-dependent) Renal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/afp20070301p656.pdf

afp20070401p1008.pdf

...increasing left ventricular blood volume, chamber size, and stroke volume. In contrast, standing and the Valsalva maneuver decrease venous return, thereby decreasing left ven- tricular size and stroke volume. Increased stroke volume causes murmurs to become louder with squatting and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/afp20070401p1008.pdf

afp20070401p1031.pdf

...(VTE), the prevention of systemic embolism associated with atrial fibrillation or the use of prosthetic heart valves, and the prevention of stroke and recurrent myocardial infarc- tion in select patients.1 The LMWHs have changed the course of outpatient antico- agulation therapy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/afp20070401p1031.pdf

afp20070415p1219.pdf

...1. American Heart Association. Heart disease and stroke statistics - 2006 update. Dallas, Tex.: American Heart Association, 2006. Accessed December 13, 2006 at: http://www.americanheart.org/downloadable/ heart/1136308648540Statupdate2006.pdf. 2. Klocke FJ, Baird MG, Lorell BH,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/afp20070415p1219.pdf

afp20070501p1342.pdf

...seizures are caused by a recent or current event, whereas remote symp- tomatic seizures are caused by a chronic abnormality such as an old stroke. A pro- voked seizure is caused by an identifiable transient disturbance such as an electrolyte abnormality (e.g., hypocalcemia). In the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/afp20070501p1342.pdf

afp20070501p1365.pdf

...events or all-cause mortality but decreased the secondary end point of total cardiovas- cular events (i.e., coronary heart disease events, stroke, or revascularization).15 Combination therapy raises safety con- cerns. All statins (especially at higher doses) increase the risk of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/afp20070501p1365.pdf

afp20070601p1679.pdf

...range of emergencies, from stroke in older patients to meningitis in infants. Adult patients may misinterpret the urgency of their condition or purposefully avoid the emergency department. Parents of critically ill children are often unaware of the severity of their child’s illness....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/afp20070601p1679.pdf

afp20070801p382.pdf

...Stroke LORI M. DICKERSON, PharmD, PETER J. CAREK, MD, MS, and ROBERT GLEN QUATTLEBAUM, MD, MPH Trident Medical Center/Medical University of South Carolina Family Medicine Residency Program, Charleston, South Carolina E very year in the United States, 700,000 persons have a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/afp20070801p382.pdf

afp20070815p517.pdf

...COPD, end-stage renal disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, HIV/AIDS, hyperthyroidism, nocturia caused by prostatic hypertrophy, stroke Medications Anticholinergic agents; antidepressants (SSRIs, bupropion [Wellbutrin]), MAOIs; antiepileptics (lamotrigine [Lamictal],...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/afp20070815p517.pdf

afp20070915p829.pdf

...artery, which supplies blood mainly to the retina via retinal branches. Occlusion of the central retinal artery quickly leads to ocular stroke, which can cause severe vision loss. Partial loss of the visual field may occur if only distal branches of the retinal arteries are...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/afp20070915p829.pdf

afp20071001p997.pdf

...Central nervous system lesions (e.g., mul- tiple sclerosis, stroke, tumor) can also cause facial nerve palsy. However, some motor neu- rons to the forehead cross sides at the level of the brainstem, so the fibers in the facial nerve going to the forehead come from both cere- bral...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/afp20071001p997.pdf

afp20071015p1169.pdf

...pleasur- able rush followed by euphoria, heightened attention, and increased energy. Possible adverse effects include myocardial infarction, stroke, seizures, rhabdomyolysis, cardiomyopathy, psychosis, and death. Chronic methamphetamine use is associated with neurologic and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/afp20071015p1169.pdf

afp20071215p1837.pdf

...for the initiation or continuation of psychotropic medications. Increasing evidence associates the use of atypical antipsychotics for demen- tia in skilled nursing facilities with a higher risk of cerebrovascular accidents and mor- tality.17 Table 2 lists the indications for using...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/afp20071215p1837.pdf

afp20080301p643.pdf

...reten- tion.15 up to 56 percent of patients who have suffered a stroke will experience urinary retention, primar- ily because of detrusor hyporeflexia. in a prospective study, 23 of 80 patients with ischemic stroke developed Table 2. Pharmacologic Agents Associated with Urinary...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/afp20080301p643.pdf

afp20080301p651.pdf

...Basal ganglia insult Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke Postinfectious (encephalitis) Posttraumatic Coexistent with another movement disorder Dystonia Essential tremor Myoclonus Restless legs syndrome Exposure to drugs or toxins Cocaine Stimulants Tardive...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/afp20080301p651.pdf

afp20080315p797.pdf

...30. Scannapieco FA, Bush RB, Paju S. Associations between periodontal disease and risk for atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. A systematic review. Ann Periodontol. 2003;8(1):38-53. 31. Caplan DJ, Chasen JB, Krall EA, et al. Lesions of endodontic origin and risk...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/afp20080315p797.pdf

afp20080315p807.pdf

...8. Volicer L, Hurley AC, Blasi ZV. Characteristics of demen- tia end-of-life care across care settings. Am J Hosp Pal- liat Care. 2003;20(3):191-200. 9. Hospice and Palliative Care Association of NY State. Common misperceptions about hospice. http://www....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0315/afp20080315p807.pdf

afp20080401p957.pdf

...1. American Heart Association. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2007 update. Dallas, Tex.: American Heart Association; 2007. http://www. americanheart.org /downloadable /heart /1166712318459HS_Stats InsideText.pdf. Accessed October 17, 2007. Heart Failure 964 American...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/afp20080401p957.pdf

afp20080501p1271.pdf

...neurogenic stuttering usually follows a neurologic event, such as traumatic brain injury, stroke, or other brain damage. Devel- opmental stuttering can be differentiated from acquired stuttering because, with the developmental form, stuttering occurs at the beginning of words and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/afp20080501p1271.pdf

afp20080501p1279.pdf

...blockers for hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease; and diuretic and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors for recurrent stroke prevention in patients with hypertension. (Am Fam Physician. 2008;77(9):1279-1286, 1289. Copyright © 2008 American Academy of Family...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/afp20080501p1279.pdf

afp20080601p1553.pdf

...18. Psaty BM, Smith nL, Heckbert SR, et al. Diuretic ther- apy, the alpha-adducin gene variant, and the risk of myocardial infarction or stroke in persons with treated hypertension. JAMA. 2002;287(13):1680-1689. 19. Kurland L, Melhus H, Karlsson J, et al. Aldosterone synthase...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/afp20080601p1553.pdf

afp20080615p1678.pdf

...*-There is increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in patients with risk factors. Effectiveness is diminished in patients on beta blockers. †-Although not effective for acute treatment, they can reduce recurrence of some symptoms. Information from references 18 and 35....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/afp20080615p1678.pdf

afp20080715p206.pdf

...Ultrasound screening leads to carotid endarterectomies, which give rise to strokes; alternatively, screening with carotid angiography leads to strokes37 Cervical cancer Recommends against routine screening in persons older than 65 years who have a recent history of normal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/afp20080715p206.pdf

afp20080901p583.pdf

...taking combined estrogen and progestin therapy have a higher risk of myocardial infarction (Mi) and venous thromboembolism after one year, stroke after three years, and breast cancer after five years. how- ever, there is a lower incidence of fractures and colon cancer in women who...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/afp20080901p583.pdf

afp20080915p717.pdf

...to LV filling.7,8 Thus, a strong left atrial contraction is needed to provide sufficient LV diastolic filling and support adequate stroke volume.9 Increas- ing overall myocardial contractility and augmenting preload with an increased atrial kick preserve LV systolic function,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/afp20080915p717.pdf

afp20081101p1052.pdf

...by other studies.10,11 Childhood hypertension can lead to adult hypertension, an important risk factor for coronary artery disease and stroke,12 and increases the risk of early signs of atherosclerosis, although the long- term implications of this are uncertain.13 DiAbetes The...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/afp20081101p1052.pdf

afp20081115p1155-s1.pdf

...Neuropathic (e.g., diabetic neuropathy; trigeminal neuralgia; postherpetic neuralgia or spinal cord injury; multiple sclerosis or stroke-related neuropathy; fibromyalgia) Treatment plan Set realistic goals 1. Address lifestyle issues (e.g., weight loss, cessation of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/afp20081115p1155-s1.pdf

afp20081115p1155.pdf

...regional pain syndrome, phantom pain, metabolic); central nervous system conditions (Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, myelopathies, stroke); fibromyalgia Mixed (combination of pain patterns) Various conditions Chronic Nonmalignant Pain 1158 American Family...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/afp20081115p1155.pdf

afp20081115p1173.pdf

...edema (heart failure, liver disease, or malnutrition), poor muscle tone (advancing neurologic condition), and neurologic abnormalities (stroke or brain metastases). laboratory studies should be considered (Table 210-12), although their results affect management in only 5 percent...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/afp20081115p1173.pdf

afp20081201p1254.pdf

...Late: motor and sensory dysfunction, stroke, radionecrosis Follow-up MRIs Corticosteroids Brain tissue Acute: edema, fatigue, nausea Late: radionecrosis, memory loss Follow-up MRIs Corticosteroids Surgery for persistent, symptomatic necrosis Hair Acute/late:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/afp20081201p1254.pdf

afp20081201p1265.pdf

...Neurologic disorder (e.g., stroke, seizures) Pain Sleep deprivation Surgery Urinary catheter Withdrawal from alcohol, illicit drugs, or benzodiazepines December 1, 2008 ◆ Volume 78, Number 11 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 1267 CliniCal Diagnosis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/afp20081201p1265.pdf

afp20081201p1277.pdf

...it is 1.5 to three times more common in patients with diabetes than in those who do not have the disease.2,3 Heart disease and stroke account for 65 percent of deaths in patients with diabetes,4 and hypertension is a major risk factor for these macrovascular complications. In...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/afp20081201p1277.pdf

afp20090201p193.pdf

...progesterone, slightly reduced the risk of hip and vertebral fractures, but found that this ben- efit did not outweigh the increased risk of stroke, venous Osteoporosis February 1, 2009 ◆ Volume 79, Number 3 www.aafp.org/afp American Family Physician 199 thromboembolism,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0201/afp20090201p193.pdf

afp20090301p391.pdf

...Includes head trauma, stroke, cancer, inflammatory conditions, encephalitis, neurodegenerative conditions NOTE: Hypersomnia due to secondary causes is much more common than primary hypersomnia. Information from reference 11. Daytime Sleepiness March 1, 2009 ◆ Volume 79,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/afp20090301p391.pdf

afp20090315p489.pdf

...of core body temperature to between 100.4°F (38.0°C) and 104.9°F (40.5°C). Treatment is similar to that of minor heat illness. Heat stroke, a medical emergency, presents as acute changes in mental status accompanied by a core body temperature greater than 104.9°F. It is a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0315/afp20090315p489.pdf

afp20090401p583.pdf

...testis, may be present on the scrotal wall, indicating infarction and necrosis. The cremasteric reflex, elicited by stroking the skin of the upper medial thigh, should always be evaluated. A normal reflex (i.e., ipsilateral cremasteric muscle contraction producing unilateral testis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/afp20090401p583.pdf

afp20090401p591.pdf

...may also be helpful in losing and managing weight, and lowering cho- lesterol. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that green tea may prevent stroke and cardiovascular disease. Green tea appears to be safe, although there have been case reports of hepatotoxicity possibly related to a...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/afp20090401p591.pdf

afp20090515p863.pdf

...23. Prevention of stroke by antihypertensive drug treatment in older per- sons with isolated systolic hypertension. Final results of the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). SHEP Cooperative Research Group. JAMA. 1991;265(24):3255-3264. 24. Ernst ME, Carter BL,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/afp20090515p863.pdf

afp20090615p1080.pdf

...prior intracranial hemorrhage; structural cerebral vascular lesion; malignant intracra- nial neoplasm; ischemic stroke in past three months (except acute ischemic stroke in past three hours); suspected aortic dissection; active bleeding (except menses) or bleeding diathesis; or...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0615/afp20090615p1080.pdf

afp20090701p33.pdf

...Acute Stroke Diagnosis KENNETH S. YEW, CAPT, MC, USN, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland ERIC CHENG, MD, MS, University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Neurology, Los Angeles, California T he symptoms of stroke can some- times...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/afp20090701p33.pdf

afp20091015p841.pdf

...their first cardiovascular event (e.g., myocar- dial infarction, angina, stroke, heart failure). There was a 62 percent higher risk of cardio- vascular events in patients with hypertension whose 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was less than 15 ng per mL (38 nmol per L), compared with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/afp20091015p841.pdf

afp20100101p33.pdf

...or headache with or without neurologic symptoms; suspected cervical artery dissection; transient ischemic attack, which may indicate vertebrobasilar insufficiency or carotid artery ischemia or stroke; suspected neoplasia; suspected infec- tion, such as diskitis, osteomyelitis, or...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/afp20100101p33.pdf

afp20100101p55.pdf

...Lack of physical activity contributes to many of the chronic diseases that occur in older adults, including heart disease, stroke, diabe- tes mellitus, lung disease, Alzheimer disease, hypertension, and cancer. Lack of physical activity, combined with poor dietary habits, has also...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/afp20100101p55.pdf

afp20100401p863.pdf

...diabetes, such as nephropathy, retinopathy, neuropathy, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and death, can be delayed or prevented with appropriate treatment of elevated blood pressure, lipids, and blood glucose.1-4 In 1997, the American Diabetes Asso- ciation (ADA) introduced an...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/afp20100401p863.pdf

afp20100501p1139.pdf

...Other potential diagnoses may include tetanus, over- dose of sympathomimetic drugs, meningitis, encepha- litis, thyroid storm, heat stroke, delirium tremens, or sepsis.8,14,17,18 Laboratory tests and other diagnostic tests, such as imaging studies, may be ordered based on physi- cal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/afp20100501p1139.pdf

afp20100515p1229.pdf

...gastrostomy does not improve nutritional status or quality of life for residents with dementia,10,11 and residents with dysphagia after a stroke who receive tube feedings do not have a decreased risk of aspiration pneumonia.12 Feeding tubes can cause discomfort and agitation and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/afp20100515p1229.pdf

afp20100515p1250.pdf

...ataxia, dysarthria, dysphagia, hemiparesis, seizures [chemotherapy and XRT]); motor and sensory deficits; cerebrovascular complications (stroke, Moya Moya, occlusive cerebral; vasculopathy [XRT and surgery]); brain tumor (any XRT dose) Peripheral nervous system Plant alkaloids...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/afp20100515p1250.pdf

afp20100601p1351.pdf

...Coma; confusion; neuropathy; retinal hemorrhage; seizures; stroke; tinnitus; vision loss Psychiatric Acute psychosis; attempted suicide; hearing loss; panic attacks; suicidal ideation Other Autoimmune diseases; renal, cardiac, or pulmonary failure; worsening of hepatitis...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/afp20100601p1351.pdf

25 50 100 results per page