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Pharmacologic Treatment of Hyperlipidemia - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2011 - Pharmacologic treatment of hyperlipidemia in conjunction with therapeutic lifestyle changes can be used for both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Statins have the most convincing data for primary prevention, especially for higher risk patients. Therefore, risk...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p551.html

Diagnostic Approach to Chronic Constipation in Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - Constipation is traditionally defined as three or fewer bowel movements per week. Risk factors for constipation include female sex, older age, inactivity, low caloric intake, low-fiber diet, low income, low educational level, and taking a large number of medications. Chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p299.html

Updated Dietary Guidelines from the USDA and HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Aug 1, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) jointly created the updated version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. The updated guidelines are based on two main concepts: focusing on balancing caloric intake over time ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p332.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - ...The Study: The authors randomized 299 men 75 years or older with hypertension to receive daily placebo or vitamin B supplementation at doses known to reduce homocysteine levels (25 mg of B6, 2 mg of B9 [folic acid], and 400 mcg of B12). The primary outcome was assessment of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p320.html

ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p234.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Outpatient Approach to Palpitations - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2011 - Palpitations are a common problem seen in family medicine; most are of cardiac origin, although an underlying psychiatric disorder, such as anxiety, is also common. Even if a psychiatric comorbidity does exist, it should not be assumed that palpitations are of a noncardiac etiology. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p63.html

Treatment of Alzheimer Disease - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2011 - Alzheimer disease is the most common form of dementia, affecting more than one-third of Americans older than 85 years. It is characterized by progressive memory loss and cognitive decline. Amyloid plaque accumulation, neurofibrillary tau tangles, and depletion of acetylcholine are among...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1403.html

Common Adverse Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Disease - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2011 - Family physicians are treating patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in their practices more often. Long-term complications of this disease are multifactorial and can be related to the virus itself or to adverse effects of antiretroviral therapy. Each drug class has side ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1443.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin in men 45 to 79 years of age when the potential benefit of a reduction in myocardial infarctions (MIs) outweighs the potential harm of an increase in gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1464.html

IOM Releases Report on Dietary Refernce Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D - Practice ...

Jun 1, 2011 - The Institute of Medicine (IOM) assessed current information on potential health outcomes associated with calcium and vitamin D.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1352.html

APA Releases Guidelines on Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder - ...

May 15, 2011 - The American Psychiatric Association (APA) recently updated its guideline on the treatment of major depressive disorder. The new evidence-based guideline summarizes recommendations on the use of antidepressants and other drug therapies; psychotherapy, including cognitive behavior ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0515/p1219.html

Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions for which patients seek medical care. Subtypes of rhinosinusitis include acute, subacute, recurrent acute, and chronic. Acute rhinosinusitis is further specified as bacterial or viral. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1057.html

Croup: An Overview - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Croup is a common illness responsible for up to 15 percent of emergency department visits due to respiratory disease in children in the United States. Croup symptoms usually start like an upper respiratory tract infection, with low-grade fever and coryza followed by a barking cough and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1067.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Clinical Indicators of Obstructive Sleep Apnea - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

May 1, 2011 - Clinical indicators (e.g., sex, snoring severity, history of apnea, age, menopausal status, waist-to-hip ratio, body habitus) can predict OSA as diagnosed using overnight polysomnography or sleep study.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/od1.html

Preventing Dementia: Is There Hope for Progress? - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Undoubtedly, there is an increasing need to clarify the modifiable risk factors for cognitive impairment. Because the prevalence of dementia doubles every five years, the global burden of dementia will increase significantly—an impact that warrants a more anticipatory approach to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1034.html

AHA/ASA Guidelines on Prevention of Recurrent Stroke - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2011 - Persons who survive a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of experiencing another stroke. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA) have released updated guidelines on preventing recurrent stroke in patients who have had a...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p993.html

Medical Management of Stable Coronary Artery Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2011 - All patients with stable coronary artery disease require medical therapy to prevent disease progression and recurrent cardiovascular events. Three classes of medication are essential to therapy: lipid-lowering, antihypertensive, and antiplatelet agents. Lipid-lowering therapy is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p819.html

Appetite Suppressants as Adjuncts for Weight Loss - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Apr 1, 2011 - Phentermine and diethylpropion are appetite suppressants approved for use in the United States as adjuncts in the treatment of obesity. These agents demonstrate a modest weight loss benefit when combined with dietary modifications and exercise.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/od1.html

Health Maintenance in School-aged Children: Part I. History, Physical Examination, ...

Mar 15, 2011 - The goals of the well-child examination in school-aged children (kindergarten through early adolescence) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. A complete history should address any concerns from the patient and family and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p683.html

Transfusion of Blood and Blood Products: Indications and Complications - American ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Red blood cell transfusions are used to treat hemorrhage and to improve oxygen delivery to tissues. Transfusion of red blood cells should be based on the patient’s clinical condition. Indications for transfusion include symptomatic anemia (causing shortness of breath, dizziness, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p719.html

Diabetic Nephropathy: Preventing Progression - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Mar 15, 2011 - What are the effects of treatments to prevent progression of nephropathy in persons with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and early and late nephropathy?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p732.html

Donepezil to Manage Alzheimer Disease: New vs. Standard Dosing - AFP Journal Club - ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Does donepezil benefit patients with Alzheimer disease, and is the new dosage superior to the standard dosage? This study showed benefit, but the data are misleading.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p742.html

Systemic Vasculitis - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2011 - The systemic vasculitides are characterized by inflammation of blood vessel walls. Vessels of any type, in any organ can be affected, resulting in a broad spectrum of signs and symptoms. The heterogenous nature of vasculitides presents a diagnostic challenge. The American College of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p556.html

AAP Reports on Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia - Practice Guidelines...

Mar 1, 2011 - Iron is the most common single-nutrient deficiency among children in developing countries and is a common cause of anemia in industrialized nations. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on the diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p624.html

Effectiveness of Acamprosate in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2011 - When used in conjunction with detoxification and psychosocial interventions for treating alcohol dependence, acamprosate can reduce the risk of any return to drinking and improve cumulative abstinence rates.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p522.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Acute urinary tract infections are relatively common in children, with 8 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys having at least one episode by seven years of age. The most common pathogen is Escherichia coli, accounting for approximately 85 percent of urinary tract infections in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p409.html

Complications of HIV Infection: A Systems-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2011 - Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often develop multiple complications and comorbidities. Opportunistic infections should always be considered in the evaluation of symptomatic patients with advanced HIV/AIDS, although the overall incidence of these infections ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p395.html

Primary Care for Refugees - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2011 - Over the past decade, at least 600,000 refugees from more than 60 different countries have been resettled in the United States. The personal history of a refugee is often marked by physical and emotional trauma. Although refugees come from many different countries and cultures, their ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p429.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment: ...

Feb 15, 2011 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of using the nontraditional risk factors discussed in this statement to screen asymptomatic men and women with no history of coronary heart ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p441.html

Using Nontraditional Risk Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment - Putting ...

Feb 15, 2011 - Case study: A 47-year-old man with no history of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes mellitus, or any CHD risk equivalent asks about smoking cessation therapies. His past laboratory results include a total cholesterol level of 230 mg per dL (5.96 mmol per L) and a high-density ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0215/p449.html

Treatment of Acute Migraine Headache - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2011 - Migraine headache is a common and potentially debilitating disorder often treated by family physicians. Before diagnosing migraine, serious intracranial pathology must be ruled out. Treating acute migraine is challenging because of substantial rates of nonresponse to medications and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p271.html

Should We Treat Moderately Elevated Triglycerides? Yes: Treatment of Moderately ...

Feb 1, 2011 - ...e.g., atherogenic dyslipidemia). Additionally, patients with hypertriglyceridemia often have metabolic syndrome (e.g., abdominal obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance, low HDL, high triglycerides), which is a risk factor for developing coronary heart disease (CHD).2 In this...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p242.html

Case Report: Patient with Ketoacidosis and Impaired Insulin Secretion - Letters to the ...

Feb 1, 2011 - ...of insulin resistance can cause beta cell exhaustion in the absence of autoimmunity,2 common manifestations of insulin resistance such as hypertension and obesity were absent in this patient. Alternatively, he may have had an atypical presentation of LADA in which the initial...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p232.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2011 - ...system (i.e., with angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) may prevent patients with hypertension or other cardiovascular disease from developing diabetes mellitus. However, this effect was not a primary outcome of most trials, and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p311.html

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2011 - Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an RNA virus that causes respiratory tract infections in children. In the North- ern Hemisphere, the peak infection season is November through April. By two years of age, most children will have had an RSV infection. Bronchiolitis, a lower ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p141.html

Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice...

Jan 15, 2011 - Case study: A 68-year-old black man presents for a routine checkup and refill of his hypertension medication. He has smoked a pack of cigarettes daily for more than 45 years. He asks if he should be screened for cataracts, which his father developed in his 60s. The patient reports no ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p189.html

The Geriatric Assessment - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2011 - The geriatric assessment is a multidimensional, multidisciplinary assessment designed to evaluate an older person’s functional ability, physical health, cognition and mental health, and socioenvironmental circumstances. It is usually initiated when the physician identifies a potential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p48.html

Atrial Fibrillation: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2011 - Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It impairs cardiac function and increases the risk of stroke. The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases with age. Key treatment issues include deciding when to restore normal sinus rhythm, when to control rate only, and how...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p61.html

AAFP News - Jan 1, 2011 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2011 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p19.html

Diagnosis of Secondary Hypertension: An Age-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - Secondary hypertension is a type of hypertension with an underlying, potentially correctable cause. A secondary etiology may be suggested by symptoms (e.g., flushing and sweating suggestive of pheochromocytoma), examina- tion findings (e.g., a renal bruit suggestive of renal artery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1471.html

Perioperative Antiplatelet Therapy - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - Aspirin is recommended as a lifelong therapy that should never be interrupted for patients with cardiovascular disease. Clopidogrel therapy is mandatory for six weeks after placement of bare-metal stents, three to six months after myocardial infarction, and at least 12 months after ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1484.html

Managing Adverse Effects of Hormonal Contraceptives - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - Adverse effects of hormonal contraceptives usually diminish with continued use of the same method. Often, physi- cians only need to reassure patients that these symptoms will likely resolve within three to five months. Long-acting injectable depot medroxyprogesterone acetate is the only...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1499.html

Updated Recommendations on Daily Aspirin Use in Patients with Diabetes - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2010 - To address the uncertainties about aspirin use in persons with diabetes, experts from the American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, and American College of Cardiology Foundation reviewed the current evidence and updated the 2007 recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1559.html

End-stage Renal Disease - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - What are the effects of different doses for peritoneal dialysis? What are the effects of different doses and membrane fluxes for hemodialysis? What are the effects of interventions aimed at preventing secondary complications?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1512.html

AAFP News - Dec 15, 2010 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1437.html

AAP Updates Policy Statement on Athletic Participation by Children and Adolescents with...

Nov 15, 2010 - The most common cardiovascular condition in competitive athletes is hypertension. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its policy statement using new recommendations made in the 2005 36th Bethesda Conference guidelines; the 2004 Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1285.html

Medical Therapy for Asthma: Updates from the NAEPP Guidelines - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - Proper care of patients with asthma involves the triad of systematic chronic care plans, self-management support, and appropriate medical therapy. Controller medications (inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta2 agonists, and leukot- riene receptor antagonists) are the foundation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1242.html

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention: As Easy As 1, 2, 3? - Letters to the Editor - ...

Nov 15, 2010 - ...of clinical trials have suggested that beta blockers may lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular events and death in patients with hypertension who have not already had an MI (i.e., beta blockers for secondary prevention).4,5 Thus, recommending beta blockers for secondary...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1167.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2010 - What are the effects of treatment for acute UTI in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence of UTI in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1252.html

ACOG Recommendations on Emergency Contraception - Practice Guidelines - American Family...

Nov 15, 2010 - American College of Obstetricians Gynecologists (ACOG) recommendations on emergency contraception. Common indications include contraceptive failure (e.g., condom breakage, missed doses of oral contraceptives) and failure to use any form of contraception.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1278.html

How to Prevent Cervical Cancer - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2010 - ...Previous: AAP Updates Policy Statement on Athletic Participation by Children and Adolescents with Systemic Hypertension Next: Sexual Behaviors in Children View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 82/No. 10(November 15, 2010) / How to Prevent Cervical...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1217.html

Altitude Illness: Risk Factors, Prevention, Presentation, and Treatment - American ...

Nov 1, 2010 - Altitude illness affects 25 to 85 percent of travelers to high altitudes, depending on their rate of ascent, home altitude, individual susceptibility, and other risk factors. Acute mountain sickness is the most common presentation of altitude illness and typically causes headache and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1103.html

Postpartum Major Depression - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2010 - Postpartum major depression is a disorder that is often unrecognized and must be distinguished from baby blues. Antenatal depressive symptoms, a history of major depressive disorder, or previous postpartum major depression significantly increase the risk of postpartum major depression. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p926.html

Obesity in Adults - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2010 - What are the effects of drug treatments in adults with obesity? What are the effects of bariatric surgery in adults with morbid obesity?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p974.html

Milnacipran (Savella) for Fibromyalgia - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2010 - Milnacipran can decrease the overall pain scores and improve symptoms of fibromyalgia. Safety in patients with severe comorbid medical and psychiatric conditions is unknown because these groups of patients were excluded from the study.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p901.html

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: Diagnosis and Management - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2010 - Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an uncommon autosomal dominant disease that occurs in approximately one in 5,000 to 8,000 persons. This multisystem disorder can affect the nose, skin, gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, and brain. Epistaxis is the most common presenting ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p785.html

CDC Updates Guidelines for Influenza Vaccination for 2010-2011 Season - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2010 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated recommendations on influenza control for the 2010–2011 season. Seasonal influenza vaccines in 2010–2011 will contain A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like, ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p838.html

Proteinuria in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - Proteinuria is common in children and may represent a benign condition or a serious underlying renal disease or systemic disorder. Proteinuria may occur secondary to glomerular or tubular dysfunction. Although a 24-hour urine protein excretion test is usually recommended, it may be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p645.html

Contraception Choices in Women with Underlying Medical Conditions - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2010 - Primary care physicians often prescribe contraceptives to women of reproductive age with comorbidities. Novel delivery systems (e.g., contraceptive patch, contraceptive ring, single-rod implantable device) may change traditional risk and benefit profiles in women with comorbidities. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p621.html

Enlarged Tonsils and Fatigue - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p669.html

Updated Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment of Intra-Abdominal Infections - Practice ...

Sep 15, 2010 - The Surgical Infection Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America recently updated recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominal infections. Intra-abdominal infections are the second most common cause of infectious mortality in intensive care units. Complicated ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p694.html

Preventive Health: Time for Change - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - It is time to make a decision. Which will be our health promotion strategy—primary prevention or secondary prevention?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p610.html

Interpreting and Evaluating the Details of the JUPITER Study - Letters to the Editor - ...

Sep 15, 2010 - ...cardiovascular disease when possible. There are multiple risk detection tools available: family history, smoking, diet, lack of exercise, hypertension, and lipid levels. I believe we can now add inflammation to this list. Similarly, we can possibly add to our armamentarium of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p571.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - ...Hypertension High-density lipoprotein cholesterol < 35 mg per dL (0.91 mmol per L) or triglyceride level > 250 mg per dL (2.82 mmol per L) Women with polycystic ovary syndrome Impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose on previous tests Other...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p684.html

Hyperlipidemia Treatment in Children: The Younger, the Better - Editorials: ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Despite the absence of data in children demonstrating morbidity and mortality reduction by aggressive treatment of lipid disorders, the overwhelming data in adults (e.g., decreasing LDL cholesterol, improved morbidity and mortality) and evidence of atherosclerotic lesions developing in ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p460.html

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family...

Aug 15, 2010 - Pulmonary arterial hypertension is defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure greater than 25 mm Hg at rest or 30 mm Hg during physical activity. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is classified into subgroups, including idiopathic, heritable, and pulmonary arterial hypertension ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p370.html

Dizziness: A Diagnostic Approach - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2010 - Dizziness accounts for an estimated 5 percent of primary care clinic visits. The patient history can generally classify dizziness into one of four categories: vertigo, disequilibrium, presyncope, or lightheadedness. The main causes of vertigo are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p361.html

Lowering Sodium Intake Can Help Reduce Hypertension - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Aug 15, 2010 - ...Lowering Sodium Intake Can Help Reduce Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 15;82(4):322-324. Original Article: Evaluation and Management of the Patient with Difficult-to-Control or Resistant Hypertension Issue Date: May 15, 2009 Available at: htt...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p322.html

Managing the Adverse Effects of Radiation Therapy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2010 - Nearly two thirds of patients with cancer will undergo radiation therapy as part of their treatment plan. Given the increased use of radiation therapy and the growing number of cancer survivors, family physicians will increasingly care for patients experiencing adverse effects of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p381.html

Social Media and Other AFP Online Enhancements - Inside AFP - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2010 - ...This resource compiles the best content from AFP Online for 35 core clinical topics (such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity), and we will be adding more topics in the future. These collections include articles, AFP's Point-of-Care Guides, Cochrane for...

American Family Physician : Inside AFP

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p321.html

Side Effects of Radiation Therapy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2010 - ...Next: Lowering Sodium Intake Can Help Reduce Hypertension View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 82/No. 4(August 15, 2010) / Side Effects of Radiation Therapy

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p394.html

Global Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: Assessment and Application - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2010 - Coronary heart disease is the most common cause of death in the United States. The conventional risk factor approach to primary prevention excludes many patients who could benefit from preventive therapies. A global risk approach allows more accurate estimates of risk to guide clinical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p265.html

Acutely Swollen Tongue in a Middle-Aged Woman - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p279.html

Evidence for Global CHD Risk Calculation: Risk Assessment Alone Does Not Change ...

Aug 1, 2010 - To prevent heart attack, stroke, or death, the American Heart Association recommends estimating patients’ absolute risk of having a coronary heart disease (CHD) event in 10 years. Before physicians adopt routine risk calculation, we should use the evidence to determine the best use of ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p236.html

Recognizing Occupational Illnesses and Injuries - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Given the burden of occupational illnesses and injuries in the United States, family physicians should understand the role workplace exposures may play in patients' chief concerns. Incorporating employment screening questions into patients' intake questionnaires is an efficient means of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p169.html

Diplopia and Ptosis - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p187.html

ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - ...

Jul 15, 2010 - The 2010 American Diabetes Association's (ADA) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes includes revisions based on new evidence. Several sections have undergone major changes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p206.html

Primary Prevention of CVD: Physical Activity - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American ...

Jul 15, 2010 - Does counseling to increase physical activity lead to increased physical activity in healthy persons without existing CVD? What are the health benefits of increasing physical activity in relation to cardiovascular outcomes in healthy persons without existing CVD?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p136.html

AAFP News - Jul 15, 2010 - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p107.html

Evaluating the Safety and Effectiveness of New Drugs - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2010 - Prescribers seek to provide their patients with access to the latest innovations in medicine to maximize their health status. When a new drug comes to market, it often has not been as widely tested as other available therapies, and its effectiveness and safety cannot be fully evaluated....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p53.html

Office-Based Strategies for the Management of Obesity - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Roughly two thirds of U.S. adults are overweight or obese. Obesity increases the risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, pulmonary disease, hepatobiliary disease, cancer, and a number of psychosocial complications. Physicians often feel unprepared ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1449.html

Evaluation of Anemia in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Anemia is defined as a hemoglobin level of less than the 5th percentile for age. Causes vary by age. Most children with anemia are asymptomatic, and the condition is detected on screening laboratory evaluation. Screening is recommended only for high-risk children. Anemia is classified ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1462.html

Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Allergic rhinitis is a common chronic respiratory illness that affects quality of life, productivity, and other comorbid conditions, including asthma. Treatment should be based on the patient’s age and severity of symptoms. Patients should be advised to avoid known allergens and be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1440.html

First-Line Treatment for Hypertension - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2010 - In comparing the effects of thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) with placebo, thiazide diuretics lowered mortality and morbidity from stroke, heart attack, and heart failure more than beta blockers.1 ACE ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1333.html

Radiologic Evaluation of Incidentally Discovered Adrenal Masses - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2010 - The increasing use of cross-sectional imaging has led to an increase in the incidental discovery of adrenal masses (adrenal incidentalomas). Although most of these lesions are benign, they often present a diagnostic dilemma. Before creating a management plan, the physician should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1361.html

Hepatitis C: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2010 - Hepatitis C, a common chronic bloodborne infection, is found in approximately 2 percent of adults in the United States. Chronic infection is associated with serious morbidity and mortality (e.g., cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma). Testing for hepatitis C is recommended for at-risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1351.html

Aripiprazole vs. Other Atypical Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2010 - Aripiprazole is less effective in treating schizophrenia than olanzapine (Zyprexa), but has fewer metabolic and sedative adverse effects. There is no difference in effectiveness between aripiprazole and risperidone (Risperdal); however, aripiprazole may be associated with less dystonia,...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1335.html

Introducing "AFP By Topic: Editors' Choice of Best Current Content" - Editorials - ...

Jun 1, 2010 - ...makes the best content from AFP Online for 30 core clinical topics (such as asthma, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension) available in one place. These collections include articles, AFP’s Point-of-Care Guides, Cochrane for Clinicians reviews, FPIN’s Clinical...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1332.html

AAFP News - Jun 1, 2010 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2010 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1311.html

Primary Care of Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - There are approximately 300,000 survivors of childhood cancer in the United States, and most of them receive their medical care from primary care physicians. Adult survivors of childhood cancer are at considerable risk of long-term morbidity and mortality beyond the recurrence of their ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1250.html

AAFP News - May 15, 2010 - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - Selected policy and health issues news briefs from AAFP News Now.

American Family Physician : AAFP News: AFP Edition

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1193.html

Prevention, Recognition, and Management of Serotonin Syndrome - American Family Physician

May 1, 2010 - Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by excessive serotonergic activity in the nervous system. It is characterized by mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity. Most reported cases of serotonin syndrome are in patients...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/p1139.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Venous Ulcers - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - Venous ulcer, also known as stasis ulcer, is the most common etiology of lower extremity ulceration, affecting approximately 1 percent of the U.S. population. Possible causes of venous ulcers include inflammatory processes resulting in leukocyte activation, endothelial damage, platelet ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p989.html

Hepatitis B: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - Although an estimated 1 million persons in the United States are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus, the prevalence of hepatitis B has declined since the implementation of a national vaccination program. Hepatitis B virus is transmitted in blood and secretions. Acute infection ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p965.html

The Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Medical Examination: Practical Issues - American ...

Apr 15, 2010 - The commercial motor vehicle driver medical examination aims to ensure that commercial drivers can safely perform all driving and nondriving work-related tasks. In conducting the examination and completing the related certification, the medical examiner must follow mandated medical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p975.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - ...beta blockers; those who had fallen after the diagnosis of dementia; and those with a history of myocardial infarction, heart failure, or hypertension. Conclusion: The authors conclude that patients with dementia who are treated with cholinesterase inhibitors are at greater risk of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p1035.html

Blood Pressure Treatment Targets for Uncomplicated Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Apr 1, 2010 - To date, there is no evidence to support treating patients with uncomplicated hypertension to blood pressure goals lower than the standard blood pressure target of less than or equal to 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. In randomized controlled trials, patients treated to lower blood pressure...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p848.html

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