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hypertension

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Liraglutide (Saxenda) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Liraglutide, combined with lifestyle counseling, produces a clinically significant and sustained weight loss that continues as long as it is used. Nausea and vomiting, however, are common adverse effects, and about one in 10 patients will discontinue treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p161.html

Digoxin Therapy for Heart Failure: An Update - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2006 - Digoxin therapy has long been used to treat heart failure; however, its effectiveness was not completely known until recently. Results of the Digitalis Investigation Group trial showed that adding digoxin to standard heart failure therapy had no effect on mortality. However, adding ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0815/p613.html

Minimizing Adverse Drug Events in Older Patients - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2007 - Adverse drug events are common in older patients, particularly in those taking at least five medications, but such events are predictable and often preventable. A rational approach to prescribing in older adults integrates physiologic changes of aging with knowledge of pharmacology. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1837.html

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diagnostic Considerations - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2006 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by the gradual progression of irreversible airflow obstruction and increased inflammation in the airways and lung parenchyma that is generally distinguishable from the inflammation caused by asthma. Most chronic obstructive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0215/p669.html

The Athlete Preparticipation Evaluation: Cardiovascular Assessment - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2007 - Thousands of young athletes receive preparticipation evaluations each year in the United States. One objective of these evaluations is to detect underlying cardiovascular abnormalities that may predispose an athlete to sudden death. The leading cardiovascular causes of sudden death in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1008.html

Cross-Cultural Medicine - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Cultural competency is an essential skill for family physicians because of increasing ethnic diversity among patient populations. Culture, the shared beliefs and attitudes of a group, shapes ideas of what constitutes illness and acceptable treatment. A cross-cultural interview should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2267.html

Medications for Treating Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Medications for treating alcohol dependence primarily have been adjunctive interventions, and only three medications--disulfiram, naltrexone, and acamprosate--are approved for this indication by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Disulfiram, an aversive agent that has been used for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1775.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer:...

Oct 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults aged 50 to 59 years who have a 10% or greater 10-year CVD risk, are not at increased risk for bleeding, have a life expectancy of at ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/od1.html

Common Spider Bites - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2007 - There are more than 30,000 species of spiders, most of which cannot inflict serious bites to humans because of their delicate mouthparts and impotent or prey-specific venoms. However, some spiders produce toxic venoms that can cause skin lesions, systemic illnesses, and neurotoxicity. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p869.html

Hyperparathyroidism - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2004 - Primary hyperparathyroidism is the most frequent cause of hypercalcemia in ambulatory patients. The condition is most common in postmenopausal women, although it can occur in persons of all ages, including pregnant women. If symptoms are present, they are attributable to hypercalcemia ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p333.html

Bare Arm Best for Blood Pressure Measurement - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2017 - To get the most accurate measure, let patients sit for a few minutes, and then measure their blood pressure on a completely bare arm. Does a difference of 4 mm systolic and 6 to 7 mm diastolic matter?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p733.html

Treatment of the Common Cold - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p515.html

Exercise and Older Patients: Prescribing Guidelines - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - A combination of aerobic activity, strength training, and flexibility exercises, plus increased general daily activity can reduce medication dependence and health care costs while maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life in older adults. However, patients often ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p437.html

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - ...

Dec 15, 2016 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for lipid disorders in children and adolescents 20 years or younger.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/od1.html

Venous Leg Ulcers - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

May 15, 2017 - What are the effects of treatments for venous leg ulcers? What are the effects of various interventions for venous leg ulcers?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p662.html

Beta2 Agonists for Acute Cough or a Clinical Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2017 - There is insufficient evidence to determine whether beta2 agonists can improve symptoms for children with acute cough or bronchitis with wheeze. Beta2 agonists are not likely to benefit and may cause adverse effects in adults who do not have evidence of airflow restriction (number ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p551.html

One-Third of Adults with Diagnosed Asthma Can Be Weaned Off All Asthma Medications - ...

May 1, 2017 - This study found that current asthma was ruled out after repeated testing in one-third of adults with physician-diagnosed asthma. Patients ruled out for current asthma were less likely to be using asthma medications or daily controlling medications and less likely to have undergone ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p586.html

Taking Care of Disadvantaged Patients - Curbside Consultation - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - No single person can be responsible for the health of a population. However, there are a number of strategies for taking care of members of disadvantaged populations. These range from targeted compassion and interventions for the individual patient to broad advocacy for disadvantaged ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p118.html

Palliative Care Through Illness Trajectory - Curbside Consultation - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2017 - Persons with multimorbidity often have unmet multidimensional needs related to their health. For example, Y.S. may also be experiencing poorly controlled symptoms, financial distress, and increasing anxiety. His family is likely distressed by his decline in health and unsure about what ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p386.html

Preventing Sports Injury and Illness: Key Resources for Family Physicians - Editorials ...

Apr 15, 2017 - Given the limited attention paid to the role and importance of physical activity in medical schools and the limited exposure to sports medicine and musculoskeletal problems during residency, many physicians would likely benefit from additional knowledge to improve their ability to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/p479.html

Effects of Altered Dietary Salt Intake in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease - ...

Apr 1, 2017 - Reducing salt intake lowers blood pressure and reduces proteinuria in patients with CKD, but there is no evidence to determine whether lowering salt consumption leads to clinically significant reductions in end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular events, or all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p423.html

Eye Pain in a Contractor Working in Iraq - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2017 - A contractor in Iraq presents with unilateral eye pain and redness a cloud of dust blew into his face while fixing an old generator

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p389.html

Nutrition in Toddlers - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1527.html

Screening for High Blood Pressure in Adults - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

Mar 15, 2016 - A 55-year-old black man presents for a blood pressure evaluation. He is trying to be more physically active and health conscious but has not seen a physician for five years. He takes no medications, has no concerns, and his physical examination findings are unremarkable. According to ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0315/p511.html

Common Causes of Vision Loss in Elderly Patients - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Vision loss among the elderly is a major health care problem. Approximately one person in three has some form of vision-reducing eye disease by the age of 65. The most common causes of vision loss among the elderly are age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataract and diabetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p99.html

The Health Hazards of Air Pollution—Implications for Your Patients - Editorials - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Air pollution has many deleterious health effects. Physicians can encourage their patients to recognize the health cobenefits of actions to support the environment.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p146.html

Screening for Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Recommendation ...

Jan 15, 2016 - The USPSTF recommends screening for abnormal blood glucose as part of cardiovascular risk assessment in adults aged 40 to 70 years who are overweight or obese. Clinicians should offer or refer patients with abnormal blood glucose to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/od1.html

Semaglutide Reduces CV Events in High-Risk Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - ...

Mar 15, 2017 - Semaglutide significantly reduced the composite outcome of CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke (number needed to treat [NNT] = 43 over 2.1 years). It was generally well tolerated, and it reduced body weight by approximately 6.4 to 9.5 lb (2.9 to 4.3 kg).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/p396.html

Clinical Diagnosis of Gout Without Joint Aspirate - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Sep 15, 2016 - Gout is ideally diagnosed through identification of characteristic negatively birefringent crystals under polarized light microscopy in fluid aspirated from end-organ deposits, typically from a joint. However, fewer than 10% of patients with gout see a rheumatologist, and most cases of ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p505.html

ACCP Updates Guidelines for the Treatment of PAH - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Dec 15, 2007 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) has updated its 2004 guidelines with evidence-based treatment recommendations for the management of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1874.html

Management of Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - Cluster headache, an excruciating, unilateral headache usually accompanied by conjunctival injection and lacrimation, can occur episodically or chronically, and can be difficult to treat. Existing effective treatments may be underused because of underdiagnosis of the syndrome. Oxygen ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p717.html

Clinically Significant Drug Interactions - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - A large number of drugs are introduced every year, and new interactions between medications are increasingly reported. Consequently, it is no longer practical for physicians to rely on memory alone to avoid potential drug interactions. Multiple drug regimens carry the risk of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1745.html

Preparation of the Cardiac Patient for Noncardiac Surgery - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Approximately 20 to 40 percent of patients at high risk of cardiac-related morbidity develop myocardial ischemia perioperatively. The preferred approach to diagnostic evaluation depends on the interactions of patient-specific risk factors, surgery-specific risk factors, and exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p656.html

Trigeminal Neuralgia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - What are the effects of ongoing treatments in persons with trigeminal neuralgia?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p133.html

Screening for Abnormal Blood Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - Putting Prevention ...

Jun 15, 2016 - M.A. is a 43-year-old woman with a seven pack-year smoking history. She has no health concerns and has not visited a physician in four years. Her blood pressure and pulse are normal, and her body mass index (BMI) is 27 kg per m2. She does not have a family history of diabetes mellitus ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1025.html

AAFP Releases Position Paper on Preconception care - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Sep 15, 2016 - The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has released a position paper providing evidence-based recommendations that address reproductive health care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p508.html

Hypertensive Urgency Not Really an Urgent Problem - POEMs - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2016 - It seems that rapid treatment of patients with hypertensive urgency is unsuccessful and unnecessary. In this study of almost 60,000 patients, 80% did not have controlled blood pressure (less than 140/90 mm Hg) after one month of treatment, including patients who were hospitalized. On ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p750a.html

Medical Care of Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - American ...

Jun 15, 2006 - Persons with mental retardation are living longer and integrating into their communities. Primary medical care of persons with mental retardation should involve continuity of care, maintenance of comprehensive treatment documentation, routine periodic health screening, and an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2175.html

Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Noninvasive cardiac imaging can be used for the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease. It is central to the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, or acute coronary syndromes with or without ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1219.html

Preventing Diagnostic Errors in Primary Care - Editorials - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - Taking specific steps to make diagnosis more reliable is something we should all consider. We will never be perfect, but we owe it to our patients and our profession to improve. A diagnostic checklist is included.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p426.html

Caring for Patients After Bariatric Surgery - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - Bariatric surgery leads to sustainable long-term weight loss and may be curative for such obesity-related comorbidities as diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea in severely obese patients. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has become the most common procedure for patients undergoing bariatric...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1403.html

Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer ...

Oct 15, 2016 - S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p661.html

JNC 7 Express: New Thinking in Hypertension Treatment - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2003 - ...JNC 7 Express: New Thinking in Hypertension Treatment LEE GREEN, M.D., M.P.H. University of Michigan Medical School Ann Arbor, Michigan Am Fam Physician. 2003 Jul 15;68(2):228-230. Related Content In May 2003, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Seventh Joint National...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p228.html

Practice Guidelines Department Collection - American Family Physician

Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=99

Practice Guidelines Department Collection - American Family Physician

Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.

American Family Physician : Department Collection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/viewRelatedDepartmentsByDepartment.htm?departmentId=99&page=0

Liver Disease in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Acute viral hepatitis is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy. The course of acute hepatitis is unaffected by pregnancy, except in patients with hepatitis E and disseminated herpes simplex infections, in which maternal and fetal mortality rates are significantly increased. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p829.html

Primary Care for Patients with HIV Infection: It’s Not Who Should Provide It, It’s How ...

Nov 1, 2016 - The major challenge is not to address whether primary care clinicians without substantial HIV experience should provide HIV care, but to create a framework that allows all primary care clinicians to provide the best possible care for their patients living with HIV infection.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p687.html

Petechiae in a Newborn - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - Five hours after birth, scattered petechiae developed over the trunk and extremities of a newborn.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1017.html

High-Deductible Plans May Reduce Ambulatory Care Use - Graham Center Policy One-Pagers ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although rates of uninsured Americans are declining because of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), there is growing concern about out-of-pocket expenditures associated with private high-deductible insurance plans.

American Family Physician : Graham Center Policy One-Pagers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p727.html

Ordering and Understanding the Exercise Stress Test - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - The exercise stress test is a useful screening tool for the detection of significant coronary artery disease. Documentation of the patient's symptoms, medications, past and current significant illnesses, and usual level of physical activity helps the physician determine if an exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p401.html

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: An Emerging Health Risk - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused primarily by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7. The most common cause of acute renal failure in children, hemolytic uremic syndrome also can occur in adults. Characteristic features of the syndrome are microangiopathic anemia, thrombotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p991.html

ACIP Updates Influenza Vaccination Recommendations for 2016-2017 - Practice Guidelines ...

Oct 15, 2016 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has released its annual recommendations for routine influenza vaccination in the 2016–2017 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p668.html

Exercise Is Effective Therapy for Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis and Chronic Pelvic ...

Oct 1, 2016 - ...CNP/CPPS; men with this condition at the start of the surveys in 1986 were excluded. The surveys also included questions on tobacco use, hypertension, duration of weekly screen time in 1988, amount of physical activity, and type of physical activity. Based on symptoms, 689 men...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p533.html

Family History: The Three-Generation Pedigree - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - The collection of a family history ranges from simply asking patients if family members have the same presenting illness to diagramming complex medical and psychosocial relationships as part of a family genogram. The three-generation pedigree provides a pictorial representation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p441.html

Diagnosis and Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of synovial tissue and a wide array of multisystem comorbidities. Prevalence is estimated to be 0.8 percent worldwide, with women twice as likely to develop the disease as men. Untreated, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1037.html

Potential Causes of Secondary Hypertension - Letters to the Editor - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2003 - ...Causes of Secondary Hypertension Am Fam Physician. 2003 Jul 1;68(1):42. to the editor: Concerning the excellent article, Diagnosing Secondary Hypertension, 1 by Dr. Onusko, which mentions many rare but relevant possibilities for the cause of secondary hypertension, may I add one...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0701/p42.html

Healthy Aging with Intimations of Mortality - Close-ups - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - End-of-life discussions in moments of excellent health may pose as much of a challenge as waiting until illness arrives.

American Family Physician : Close-ups

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p474.html

Gout and Hyperuricemia - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Gout is a condition characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the joints or soft tissue. The four phases of gout include asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis, intercritical gout and chronic tophaceous gout. The peak incidence occurs in patients 30 to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p925.html

Treatment of Ethylene Glycol Poisoning - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - Ingestion of ethylene glycol may be an important contributor in patients with metabolic acidosis of unknown cause and subsequent renal failure. Expeditious diagnosis and treatment will limit metabolic toxicity and decrease morbidity and mortality. Ethylene glycol poisoning should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p807.html

The Homeless in America: Adapting Your Practice - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - In 2004, the National Guidelines Clearinghouse placed eight guidelines from the National Health Care for the Homeless Council on its Web site. Seven of the guidelines are on specific disease processes and one is on general care. In addition to straightforward clinical decision making, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1132.html

Guillain-Barre Syndrome - American Family Physician

May 15, 2004 - Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a group of autoimmune syndromes consisting of demyelinating and acute axonal degenerating forms of the disease. Nerve conduction study helps differentiate the heterogeneous subtypes of GBS. Patients exhibit a progressive paralysis that reaches a plateau ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0515/p2405.html

A Fungating Lesion on the Tongue - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2016 - A man with a history of tobacco and alcohol use presented with a lesion on his tongue that he first noticed six months earlier as small red dots.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p599.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension -- American Family Physician

...is more common in women than in men (ratio: 1.7 to 1). Primary pulmonary hypertension is most prevalent in persons 20 to 40 years of age. The condition has no racial predilection.1 Secondary pulmonary hypertension is rela- tively common but is underdiagnosed. Reli- able estimates...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/afp20010501p1789.pdf

Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Improves Essential Hypertension and Quality of LIfe --...

...because physicians do not routinely look for the disor- der. Additionally, the role of OSA in the pro- duction of essential hypertension (EH) is fre- quently not appreciated.1-4 The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how commonly OSA occurs, how the quality of patients’ lives...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/afp20020115p229.pdf

Managing Hypertension in Athletes and Physically Active Patients -- American Family ...

...should be screened for hypertension. If the condition is diagnosed, appropriate treatment should be started to reduce the risk of mor- bidity and mortality associated with cardio- vascular disease.5 Hypertension Classification and Secondary Hypertension The sixth report of the...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/afp20020801p445.pdf

Controlling Hypertension in Patients with Diabetes -- American Family Physician

...To reduce this risk, hypertension must be diagnosed accurately and promptly, and the patient must receive adequate treatment. To confirm the diagnosis of hypertension, blood pressures measured with standard techniques should be ele- vated on two separate occasions.6 Be- cause...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/afp20021001p1209.pdf

Diagnosing Secondary Hypertension -- American Family Physician

...other risk factors for cardiovascular dis- orders (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hyperlipi- demia); and detection of secondary causes of hypertension. Physicians can use the mnemonic ABCDE to help deter- mine secondary causes in the patient with elevated blood pressure (Table 1)....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/afp20030101p67.pdf

New Developments in the Management of Hypertension - American Family Physician

...Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) and are summarized in Table 1.3 Advances in the management of hypertension have refined our under- standing of systolic blood pressure, nutri- tion, medication selection, and hyperten- sion in special populations....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/afp20030901p853.pdf

Management of Hypertension in Older Persons - American Family Physician

...adequate blood pressure control.2 Fur- thermore, persons who are normotensive at age 55 have a 90 percent lifetime risk for developing hypertension.3 This and the pres- ence of other cardiovascular risk factors in older persons (i.e., obesity, left ventricular hypertrophy, sedentary...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/afp20050201p469.pdf

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment

...Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment RICHARD STRINGHAM, MD, and NIPA R. SHAH, MD, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois P ulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare, underdiagnosed condition defined as...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/afp20100815p370.pdf

Diagnosis of Secondary Hypertension: An Age-Based Approach

...of Secondary Hypertension: An Age-Based Approach ANTHONY J. VIERA, MD, MPH, and DANA M. NEUTZE, MD, PhD University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina I n the United States, one in three adults has hypertension.1 Most of these...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/afp20101215p1471.pdf

Diabetes: Treating Hypertension

...of persons with diabetes and untreated hypertension each year, and the risk is higher in those with other risk fac- tors, such as diabetic nephropathy. We cannot be sure how different treat- ments compare in persons with diabetes and hypertension. However, evidence suggests that...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/afp20130415p574.pdf

Common Questions About the Initial Management of Hypertension

February 1, 2014 Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/afp20150201p172.pdf

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement

February 15, 2015 USPSTF

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/afp20150215od1.pdf

Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents

February 15, 2015 Putting Prevention into Practice

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/afp20150215p257.pdf

Nonpharmacologic Management of Hypertension: What Works?

Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/afp20150601p772.pdf

AHA/AAC/<FEFF>ASH Release Guideline on the Treatment of Hypertension and CAD

December 1, 2015 Practice Guidelines

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/afp20151201p1023.pdf

AHA/ATS Release Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Pulmonary ...

April 1, 2016 Practice Guidelines

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/afp20160401p605.pdf

Pulmonary Hypertension: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment

September 15, 2016:

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/afp20160915p463.pdf

Severe Asymptomatic Hypertension: Evaluation and Treatment

April 15, 2017

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0415/afp20170415p492.pdf

Secondary Hypertension: Discovering the Underlying Cause

October 1, 2017:Date xx, xxxx

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/afp20171001p453.pdf

Coenzyme Q10 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Coenzyme Q10 is a vitamin-like substance used in the treatment of a variety of disorders primarily related to suboptimal cellular energy metabolism and oxidative injury. Studies supporting the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 appear most promising for neurodegenerative disorders such as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1065.html

Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in Women - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the primary cause of death in women for almost a century, and more women than men have died of CVD every year since 1984. Although CVD incidence can be reduced by adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle and detection and treatment of major risk ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1331.html

Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis: An Overview - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - In the 1980s, after a steady decline during preceding decades, there was a resurgence in the rate of tuberculosis in the United States that coincided with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic. Disease patterns since have changed, with a higher incidence of disseminated and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1761.html

AAP Updates Policy Statement on Athletic Participation by Children and Adolescents with...

...The most common cardiovascular condi- tion in competitive athletes is hypertension. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its policy statement using new recommendations made in the 2005 36th Bethesda Conference guidelines; the 2004 Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evalua-...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/afp20101115p1285.pdf

Managing Opioid Addiction with Buprenorphine - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - Legislation has enabled physicians to treat opioid-dependent patients with an office-based maintenance program using buprenorphine, a partial mu-opioid receptor agonist. Clinical studies indicate buprenorphine effectively manages opioid addiction. Buprenorphine is more effective than ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1573.html

Ivabradine (Corlanor) for Heart Failure - STEPS - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2016 - In patients with stable systolic heart failure already on maximal medication therapy, adding ivabradine may reduce the number of hospitalizations related to heart failure (NNT for two years = 20), but it does not reduce cardiovascular mortality. In addition, many patients will not ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0415/p682.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Are Obese Physicians Effective at Providing Healthy Lifestyle Counseling? - Curbside ...

Mar 1, 2007 - More than 40 percent of American adults are classified as obese by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and obesity is associated with many comorbidities (e.g., hypertension, type 2 diabetes, asthma, depression, orthopedic problems, sleep apnea).2 Physicians are not immune to...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p738.html

JNC 8 Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in Adults

September 15, 2014 Practice Guidelines

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1001/afp20141001p503.pdf

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1075.html

Pharmacologic Treatment of Hypertension in Adults 60 Years and Older: A Guideline You ...

May 1, 2017: Editorials

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/afp20170501p547.pdf

Persistent Lower-Limb Ulcers in a Patient with Diabetes - Photo Quiz - American Family ...

May 1, 2016 - A woman presented with enlarging ulcers on her leg and foot. Large ulcerations exposed muscles and tendons, with sharp margins, an undermined and violaceous border, and granulation tissue over the ulcer beds.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p783.html

Chlorthalidone Vs. Hydrochlorothiazide for Treatment of Hypertension

December 1, 2015 Clinical Inquiries

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/afp20151201p1015.pdf

Enlarged Tonsils and Fatigue - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p669.html

When to Operate in Carotid Artery Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2000 - Carotid endarterectomy has proved to be beneficial in the prevention of stroke in selected patients. The procedure is indicated in symptomatic patients with carotid-territory transient ischemic attacks or minor strokes who have carotid artery stenosis of 70 to 99 percent. With a low ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p400.html

Updated Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment of Intra-Abdominal Infections - Practice ...

Sep 15, 2010 - The Surgical Infection Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America recently updated recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominal infections. Intra-abdominal infections are the second most common cause of infectious mortality in intensive care units. Complicated ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0915/p694.html

Chronic Critical Limb Ischemia: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Chronic critical limb ischemia is manifested by pain at rest, nonhealing wounds and gangrene. Ischemic rest pain is typically described as a burning pain in the arch or distal foot that occurs while the patient is recumbent but is relieved when the patient returns to a position in which...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1899.html

Preventing CVD in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Update from the AHA and ADA ...

Feb 1, 2016 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and American Diabetes Association (ADA) joined together to release statements on preventing CVD in persons with diabetes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p232.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

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