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hypertension

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Alcohol Use Disorders - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, and detoxification. This collection features AFP content on alcohol abuse and dependence and related issues, including alcoholism, alcohol ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=1

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2004 - The spectrum of alcohol withdrawal symptoms ranges from such minor symptoms as insomnia and tremulousness to severe complications such as withdrawal seizures and delirium tremens. Although the history and physical examination usually are sufficient to diagnose alcohol withdrawal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1443.html

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome - American Family Physician

...Alcohol withdrawal delirium 48 to 72 hours‡ (delirium tremens): hallucinations (predominately visual), disorientation, tachycardia, hypertension, low-grade fever, agitation, diaphoresis *-Symptoms generally resolve within 48 hours. †-Symptoms reported as early as two hours after...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/afp20040315p1443.pdf

Alcohol-Related Problems: Recognition and Intervention - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - Early identification of alcohol-related problems is important because these problems are prevalent, pose serious health risks to patients and their families, and are amenable to intervention. Physicians may be able to help patients change their drinking behaviors. The most effective ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p361.html

Alcoholism in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are common but underrecognized problems among older adults. One third of older alcoholic persons develop a problem with alcohol in later life, while the other two thirds grow older with the medical and psychosocial sequelae of early-onset alcoholism. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1710.html

Algorithms - American Family Physician

...Hypertension Immunizations Influenza Kidney disease Labor, Delivery, and Postpartum Issues Menopause Menstrual disorders Musculoskeletal care Myocardial Infarction Neonatology/Newborn Issues Obesity Osteoporosis Otitis Pain Management Peripheral Vascular...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/algorithms/viewAll.htm

Algorithms - American Family Physician

...Hypertension Immunizations Influenza Kidney disease Labor, Delivery, and Postpartum Issues Menopause Menstrual disorders Musculoskeletal care Myocardial Infarction Neonatology/Newborn Issues Obesity Osteoporosis Otitis Pain Management Peripheral Vascular...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/algorithms/viewAll.htm?cmpid=afped_ot_pub_afpj_van_alg

Aliskiren (Tekturna) for the Treatment of Hypertension - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Aliskiren provides a new pharmacologic approach to treating hypertension; however, short-term studies have not identified a unique role. It is more expensive than commonly used first-line diuretics, and long-term safety has not been demonstrated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1203.html

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Allergen Immunotherapy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - Allergen immunotherapy (also called allergy vaccine therapy) involves the administration of gradually increasing quantities of specific allergens to patients with IgE-mediated conditions until a dose is reached that is effective in reducing disease severity from natural exposure. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p689.html

Allergen Immunotherapy - American Family Physician

...percent, beta-blocker or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy, unstable angina or myocar- dial infarction, uncontrolled hypertension, and major organ failure. Allergen immuno- therapy also cannot be used in patients who would have difficulty reporting signs and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/afp20040815p689.pdf

Allergy and Anaphylaxis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2020 - This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues, including allergies and asthma, allergens, allergy testing, allergic rhinitis, food allergies, and latex allergies. This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=58

Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors May Reduce the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2007 - The literature shows that acarbose can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. However, it is unclear whether the drug stops or delays the development of the disease or masks the diagnosis. There is no evidence that ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p374.html

Alternative Therapies for Traditional Disease States: Menopause - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2002 - With growing concern about the use of hormone replacement therapy, some women are looking for alternative treatments for menopausal symptoms and preventing postmenopausal cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. In observational trials, exercise has been associated with decreased ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p129.html

Altitude Illness: Risk Factors, Prevention, Presentation, and Treatment

...Uncontrolled congestive heart failure, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pulmonary hypertension are contraindications to altitude exposure. C 42-44 - Activity restriction at high altitudes is not necessary in patients with stable coronary artery disease. C...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/afp20101101p1103.pdf

Altitude Illness: Risk Factors, Prevention, Presentation, and Treatment - American ...

Nov 1, 2010 - Altitude illness affects 25 to 85 percent of travelers to high altitudes, depending on their rate of ascent, home altitude, individual susceptibility, and other risk factors. Acute mountain sickness is the most common presentation of altitude illness and typically causes headache and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1103.html

Alzheimer Disease: Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Therapies for Cognitive and ...

June 15, 2017

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/afp20170615p771.pdf

Alzheimer Disease: Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Therapies for Cognitive and ...

Jun 15, 2017 - Alzheimer disease comprises a syndrome of progressive cognitive and functional decline. Treatments should target cognitive and functional symptoms. Cholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, and a combination of a cholinesterase inhibitor and memantine have produced statistically significant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p771.html

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Important for Decision-Making About Treatment - POEMs - ...

Oct 15, 2018 - This study supports the guidelines recommending that treatment decisions be based on ambulatory blood pressure measurements rather than in-office blood pressure results. The difference between the two measurements in this cohort was 19/11 mm Hg, which is enough to change the decision to...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/od5.html

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Technology with a Purpose - Editorials - American...

Jun 1, 2003 - ...Hypertension and its sequelae are responsible for many visits to family physicians. Office-based measurement of blood pressure using aneroid or mercury sphygmomanometry is central to such visits. In this issue of American Family Physician, Marchiando and Elston1 review a different,...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2262.html

Ambulatory Detoxification of Patients with Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - Detoxification from alcohol can be undertaken in ambulatory settings with patients who are alcohol-dependent and show signs of mild to moderate withdrawal when they are not drinking. An appropriate candidate for outpatient detoxification should have arrangements to start an alcohol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p495.html

Ambulatory Detoxification of Patients with Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

...agitation, seizures); excessive function of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) (e.g., nausea, vomiting, tachy- cardia, tremulousness, hypertension); and cognitive dysfunction. STAGES OF WITHDRAWAL AWS can be divided into three stages. Patients in stages 1 and 2 can be treated...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/afp20050201p495.pdf

Ambulatory Patient Checklist for MAs

... Hypertension  Preventive care  Diabetes  Vital signs  Patient education sheets identified and linked  Recheck blood pressure if elevated (>129/84)  Patient assessed for gown  Expectation management  Doctor notified Check-out  Referrals and...

Family Practice Management

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2013/0900/fpm20130900p18-rt1.pdf

Amenorrhea: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2019 - Menstrual patterns can be an indicator of overall health and self-perception of well-being. Primary amenorrhea, defined as the lifelong absence of menses, requires evaluation if menarche has not occurred by 15 years of age or three years post-thelarche. Secondary amenorrhea is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p39.html

Amenorrhea: An Approach to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2013 - Although amenorrhea may result from a number of different conditions, a systematic evaluation including a detailed history, physical examination, and laboratory assessment of selected serum hormone levels can usually identify the underlying cause. Primary amenorrhea, which by definition...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p781.html

Amenorrhea: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - A thorough history and physical examination as well as laboratory testing can help narrow the differential diagnosis of amenorrhea. In patients with primary amenorrhea, the presence or absence of sexual development should direct the evaluation. Constitutional delay of growth and puberty...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1374.html

American Family Physician

...Treatment of Severe Asymptomatic Hypertension CHAD S. KESSLER, MD, and YAZEN JOUDEH, MD, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois A pproximately one third of adults in the United States have some degree of hypertension,1-3 and up to 5 per- cent of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/afp20100215p470.pdf

American Family Physician

...Systemic effects (e.g., lymphade- nopathy, lymphangitis, nausea, vomiting, perioral paresthesia, metallic taste, hypotension, hypertension [particularly in Gila monster envenomation], diarrhea, vertigo, shock, hyperreactive airway, loss of consciousness) Paralytic features (e.g.,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/afp20091015p793.pdf

American Family Physician

...with hematospermia include bleeding disor- ders; liver disease, which can affect clotting factor production; and severe uncontrolled hypertension (demonstrated in a limited case-control study 22), which is attributed to interference with clotting.22,23 Constitu- tional symptoms...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/afp20091215p1421.pdf

American Family Physician

...than 40 years, and those who have additional risk factors for cardio- vascular disease (e.g., family history of car- diovascular disease, hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, albuminuria).7 statins are rec- ommended for patients with type 2 diabe- tes and CaD, and for patients with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/afp20090101p29.pdf

American Family Physician

...in 100,000 children.10,11 It is the third lead- ing cause of heart failure in the United States behind coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertension.1 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the leading cause of sudden death in athletes, is an autosomal dominant disease with an incidence...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/afp20090501p778.pdf

American Family Physician

...systemic side effects. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal suppres- sion, glaucoma, septic necrosis of the fem- oral head, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and other systemic side effects have been reported.29 It is difficult to quantify the inci- dence of side effects caused by topical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/afp20090115p135.pdf

American Family Physician

...Hypertension Illicit drug use (e.g., cocaine, methamphetamine) Medications (e.g., antihistamines, benzodiazepines, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) Neurologic conditions (e.g., Alzheimer disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, paraplegia, quadriplegia,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/afp20100201p305.pdf

American Family Physician

...Hirsutism C Tachycardia, hypertension, headache, dry mouth 10 mg per day 26 $116 (brand) CHF = congestive heart failure; FDA = U.S. Food and Drug Administra- tion; GI = gastrointestinal; MI = myocardial infarction; PCOS = polycystic ovary syndrome. *- Estimated monthly cost...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/afp20090415p671.pdf

American Family Physician

...Hypertension in patients with type 2 diabetes Hypertension treatment Diabetes-related death over 10 years 15 Hyperlipidemia (secondary prevention) Various versus placebo Heart attack or stroke over five years 16 Deep venous thrombosis Warfarin (Coumadin; target INR...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/afp20090415p668.pdf

American Family Physician

...Diabetes, hypertension, thyroid or gallbladder disease 1.3 to 3 Older age 2 to 3 History of infertility 2 to 3 Late age at natural menopause (older than 52 years) 2 to 3 Early age at menarche (younger than 12 years) 1.5 to 2 Menstrual irregularities 1.5 White...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/afp20091115p1075.pdf

American Family Physician

...Cholinergic, nicotinic Abdominal pain; fasciculations; hypertension; paresis; tachycardia Nicotine Opioid Hypotension; hypothermia; hypoventilation; meiosis; sedation Opioids Sympathomimetic Agitation; diaphoresis; hypertension; hyperthermia; mydriasis; psychosis; seizures;...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/afp20100201p316.pdf

American Family Physician

...Maternal medical disorders such as thyroid disease, diabetes mellitus, or hypertension Multiple gestation Nongenital tract infection (asymptomatic bacteriuria, pneumonia, appendicitis) Periodontal disease Polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios Shortened cervix (< 3.0 cm)...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/afp20100215p477.pdf

American Family Physician

...Low levels of both markers are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as spontaneous loss before fetal viability, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, preterm premature rupture of membranes, placental abruption, preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth.23,24...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/afp20090115p117.pdf

American Family Physician

...but also hemodynamics and func- tion. Adults with CHD have the additional clinical considerations of acquired comor- bidities (e.g., hypertension, atherosclerosis, occlusive coronary artery disease, pulmonary disease, renal disease) that may complicate their medical or surgical...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/afp20090915p597.pdf

American Family Physician

...Venomous lizards, hemorrhagic and coagulopathic, cardiovascular (extreme hypertension; e.g., Gila monster [Heloderma suspectum]) II or III Kallikrein-like toxins; glucagon-like peptides; probable neurotoxins (clinical relevance unlikely); vasodilatory peptides Spiders,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/afp20091015p793-s1.pdf

American Family Physician

...hemorrhage can lead to significant morbid- ity, especially in those with hemodynamic instability and comorbid conditions, includ- ing hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic renal insufficiency, and coronary artery disease.1,3 This review...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/afp20091101p977.pdf

American Family Physician

...May be associated with hypertension, renal insufficiency, and hematuria Membranous nephropathy Thickening of the glomerular basement membrane on electron microscopy; immunoglobulin G and C3 deposits with immunofluorescent staining Peak incidence at 30 to 50 years of age;...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/afp20091115p1129.pdf

American Family Physician

...Ventricular septal defect, aortic stenosis, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, left ventricular assist device, primary pulmonary hypertension Markedly elevated blood platelet count Essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera, myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia, other...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/afp20091201p1261.pdf

American Family Physician

...MB, Erickson SK, Paul SM. Dietary gamma-linolenic acid lowers blood pressure and alters aortic reactivity and cholesterol metabolism in hypertension. J Hypertens. 1992;10(10):1197-1204. 24. Engler MM. Comparative study of diets enriched with evening prim- rose, black currant,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/afp20091215p1405.pdf

American Family Physician

...Hypertension (preeclampsia or eclampsia) Hyperthyroidism Maternal motor vehicle collision or trauma Morbid obesity Renal disease Vascular disease Intrapartum Fetal Abnormal fetal heart rate on auscultation or admission tracing (20-minute strip)*...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/afp20091215p1388.pdf

American Family Physician

...Spontaneous causes: hypertension, severe coughing, straining, atherosclerotic vessels, bleeding disorders Traumatic causes: blunt eye trauma, foreign body, penetrating injury Episcleritis Visual acuity preserved, pupils equal and reactive to light, dilated episcleral blood...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0115/afp20100115p137.pdf

American Family Physician Videos

American Family Physician video collection.

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/journals/afp/multimedia/videos.html

American Heart Association Releases Scientific Statement on Cardiovascular Disease in ...

Jun 1, 1998 - ...hypertension, stroke and peripheral arterial disease. Coronary Heart Disease Studies show that coronary heart disease in women is largely preventable. The major risk factors for coronary heart disease in women are cigarette smoking, hypertension (including isolated systolic...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2873.html

American Heart Association Scientific Statement on the Primary Prevention of Ischemic ...

Aug 1, 2001 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued a scientific statement on the primary prevention of ischemic stroke. The scientific statement includes an overview of established and potential risk factors and recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p513.html

American Psychiatric Association Issues a Practice Guideline on Dementia - Special ...

Jan 15, 1998 - ...Previous: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Releases New Guidelines for the Treatment of Hypertension Next: Clinical Briefs View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 57/No. 2(January 15, 1998) / Special Medical Reports: American Psychiatric...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0115/p366.html

Americans in Motion - Healthy Interventions: A Guide to Group Visits for Chronic ...

Research indicates group visits can also provide an improved quality of care and a higher level of patient and physician satisfaction. They empower patients and also the physician and staff. Group visits allow for more time for education and relationship building. Group visits have ...

Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/fitness/GroupVisitAIM.pdf

Amlodipine/Atorvastatin for Preventing Heart Disease - Letters to the Editor - American...

Feb 1, 2007 - ...Another statement in the article was: Calcium channel blockers, including amlodipine, are not the drugs of choice for treating hypertension; they are for patients who cannot tolerate or who do not experience adequate control with diuretics, beta blockers or ACE inhibitors. 1 The...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p311.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastin (Caduet) for Preventing Heart Disease - STEPS - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Amlodipine/atorvastatin offers no added benefit in safety, tolerability, or effectiveness over amlodipine and atorvastatin taken separately. It has not been shown to improve mortality or morbidity in patients who have hypertension with or without dyslipidemia. The only potential ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1067.html

Amphetamines for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults

...In a 2004 meta-analysis, bariatric surgery was reported to resolve 77 percent of diabetes mellitus cases, 62 per- cent of hypertension cases, and 70 percent of hyper- lipidemia cases.5 Although some experts believe that bariatric surgery may also improve fatty liver disease that...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/afp20120901p413.pdf

Amphetamines for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults

...In a 2004 meta-analysis, bariatric surgery was reported to resolve 77 percent of diabetes mellitus cases, 62 per- cent of hypertension cases, and 70 percent of hyper- lipidemia cases.5 Although some experts believe that bariatric surgery may also improve fatty liver disease that...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/afp20120901p415.pdf

An Annular Rash - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p581.html

An Approach to Interpreting Spirometry - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Spirometry is a powerful tool that can be used to detect, follow, and manage patients with lung disorders. Technology advancements have made spirometry much more reliable and relatively simple to incorporate into a routine office visit. However, interpreting spirometry results can be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1107.html

An Approach to Interpreting Spirometry - American Family Physician

...Cardiac diseases Congestive heart failure Congenital heart disease Pulmonary hypertension Neuromuscular diseases Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Guillain-Barré syndrome Multiple sclerosis Myasthenia gravis Risk stratification of patients for surgery Thoracic surgeries...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/afp20040301p1107.pdf

An Aspirin a Day Keeps the MI Away (For Some) - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - ...aspirin therapy is a viable intervention, along with counseling on sedentary lifestyle, tobacco use, poor nutrition, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension.7 Despite the evidence that such advice is effective,8 many opportunities to provide this counseling are missed in our daily...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2000.html

An Organized Approach to Chronic Disease Care -- FPM

Jun 1, 2011 - Delivering better chronic disease care is a team sport that requires a clear game plan.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2011/0500/p27.html

An Unusual Case of Chest Pain - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p919.html

An Unusual Petechial Rash - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2197.html

Analgesics for Osteoarthritis

...effects on blood pressure, edema, and kidney function, but no consistent, clinically relevant differences have been found in risks of hypertension, heart failure, or impaired kidney function.    Celecoxib is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular adverse effects...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/afp20130301p354.pdf

Analgesics for Osteoarthritis - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews - ...

Mar 1, 2013 - What are the comparative effectiveness, benefits, and adverse effects of oral and topical analgesics for osteoarthritis?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p354.html

ANCA--Associated Small-Vessel Vasculitis -- American Family Physician

...cular damage, such as hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and smoking should be appropriately controlled. In drug-induced vasculitis, the offending agent should be stopped. Antihistamines and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs help alleviate skin discomfort and reduce...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/afp20020415p1615.pdf

ANCA-Associated Small-Vessel Vasculitis - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2002 - Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is the most common primary systemic small-vessel vasculitis to occur in adults. Although the etiology is not always known, the incidence of vasculitis is increasing, and the diagnosis and management of patients may be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0415/p1615.html

Anemia - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2018 - This collection features AFP content on anemia and related issues, including blood transfusions, iron deficiency and iron supplementation, macrocytosis, microcytosis, and thalassemia. This collection features AFP content on anemia and related issues, including blood transfusions, iron ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=2

Anemia in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2018 - Anemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in older adults. Diagnostic cutoff values for defining anemia vary with age, sex, and possibly race. Anemia is often asymptomatic and discovered incidentally on laboratory testing. Patients may present with symptoms related to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1001/p437.html

Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Aug 1, 2007 - When used to delay the progression of early nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not superior to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p423.html

Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Hypertension - American Family ...

Sep 15, 1999 - The sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) includes recommendations for the assessment of overall cardiovascular risk and the need for active antihypertensive drug therapy. Once the decision to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1185.html

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers

February 1, 2015 Clinical Inquiries

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/afp20150201p193.pdf

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers - FPIN's ...

Feb 1, 2015 - ACE inhibitors should be used in patients with hypertension because they reduce all-cause mortality, whereas ARBs do not.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p193.html

Angiotensin-II Receptor Antagonists: Their Place in Therapy - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1999 - Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists (or blockers) are a newer class of antihypertensive agents. These drugs are selective for angiotensin II (type 1 receptor); unlike angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, they do not inhibit bradykinin metabolism or enhance prostaglandin synthesis. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0601/p3140.html

Annual EKGs for Low-risk Patients

View the AAFP Choosing Wisely recommendation on annual electrocardiograms (EKGs) or other cardiac screening for low-risk patients.

|AAFP Policies and Recommendations

https://www.aafp.org/family-physician/patient-care/clinical-recommendations/all-clinical-recommendations/cw-ekg.html

Annular Lesions - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p671.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children

...Evidence Summary There is no clear association between recur- rent UTI and VUR, and renal damage, renal scarring, hypertension, and end-stage renal disease. A 2007 Cochrane review combined the results of two randomized studies (n = 142; median age = three years) comparing antibiotic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/afp20110715od1.pdf

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Anticoagulation in Elderly Persons: A Call for Wider Use - Editorials - American Family...

Jul 1, 1998 - ...and these are more likely to be found in the nursing home population. Examples include severe liver disease, uncontrolled hypertension, aortic aneurysm, recent neurosurgery or neurologic hemorrhage within the past two years. The decision to treat with warfarin should be based on...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0701/p39.html

Anticoagulation in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p748.html

Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2019 - Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p426.html

Antidepressants and Antiepileptic Drugs for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2005 - The development of newer classes of antidepressants and second-generation antiepileptic drugs has created unprecedented opportunities for the treatment of chronic pain. These drugs modulate pain transmission by interacting with specific neurotransmitters and ion channels. The actions of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p483.html

Antidepressants and Antiepileptic Drugs for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain - American Family ...

...Side effects: headache, nausea, sweating, sedation, hypertension, seizures Serotoninergic properties in dosages below 150 mg per day; mixed serotoninergic and noradrenergic properties in dosages above 150 mg per day Duloxetine (Cymbalta)* 20 to 60 mg per day taken once or...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/afp20050201p483.pdf

Antihypertensive Agents for Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the only antihypertensive agents with proven effectiveness for the primary prevention of diabetic nephropathy (defined as an albumin excretion of less than 30 mg per day on three serial measurements) caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes....

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p77.html

Antihypertensive Drug Therapy for Mild to Moderate Hypertension During Pregnancy - ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Compared with placebo, antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension (defined by the authors as a blood pressure of 140 to 169 mm Hg systolic or 90 to 109 mm Hg diastolic) caused by chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, or preeclampsia during pregnancy does ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p403.html

Antihypertensive Treatment and CHD in the Elderly - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Sep 15, 1999 - ...the greater benefits of blood pressure reduction in patients with diabetes, citing both the Hypertension Optimal Treatment (HOT) trial2 and the European Trial on Systolic Hypertension Study in the Elderly (Syst-Eur).3 Both of these studies used dihydropyridine calcium channel...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1102.html

Antioxidant Supplements Do Not Improve Mortality and May Cause Harm - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2008 - In randomized controlled trials of primary and secondary prevention, vitamins A and E, and beta-carotene supplementation increased mortality. Vitamin C and selenium supplementation had no significant effect on mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1079.html

Antioxidant Vitamins and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease - American Family ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Clinical use of antioxidant vitamin supplementation may help to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies find lower CHD morbidity and mortality in persons who consume larger quantities of antioxidants in foods or supplements. Clinical trials indicate that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p895.html

Antiplatelet Therapy and Anticoagulation in Patients with Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2005 - Antiplatelet agents should not be used in patients with hypertension and no previous history of heart attack or stroke. However, these agents are recommended for use in hypertensive patients who already have vascular disease. Anticoagulants should not be used for prevention of vascular ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p897.html

Anxiety Disorders - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2020 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=85

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment

...severe aortic stenosis without apparent symptoms, and those with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Medical management of concurrent hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and coronary artery disease will lead to optimal outcomes. (Am Fam Physician. 2016;93(5):371-378. Copyright ©...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/afp20160301p371.pdf

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2016 - Aortic stenosis affects 3% of persons older than 65 years. Although survival in asymptomatic patients is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, it decreases rapidly after symptoms appear. During the asymptomatic latent period, left ventricular hypertrophy and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p371.html

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - Aortic stenosis is the most important cardiac valve disease in developed countries, affecting 3 percent of persons older than 65 years. Although the survival rate in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, the average ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p717.html

APA Releases Guideline on Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder

...Hypertension SNRIs, bupropion Monitor blood pressure; keep dosage as low as possible; add antihypertensive drug Hypertensive crisis MAOIs Seek emergency treatment; if hypertension is severe, intravenous antihypertensive agents (e.g., labetalol, nitroprusside [Nitropress]) may be...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0515/afp20110515p1219.pdf

APA Releases Guidelines on Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder - ...

May 15, 2011 - The American Psychiatric Association (APA) recently updated its guideline on the treatment of major depressive disorder. The new evidence-based guideline summarizes recommendations on the use of antidepressants and other drug therapies; psychotherapy, including cognitive behavior ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0515/p1219.html

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation

...at least one additional risk factor for major stroke (i.e., based on the CHADS2 stroke risk prediction tool [congestive heart failure, hypertension, age 75 years or older, diabetes mellitus, and stroke or transient ischemic attack]), there were only small and clinically...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/afp20140415p672.pdf

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

Appetite Suppressants as Adjuncts for Weight Loss

...lose weight at any given time.1 Prescription weight loss medications may be appropriate for use in patients without comorbidities (e.g., hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyper- lipidemia) who have a body mass index of 30 kg per m2 or greater, and in patients with comorbidities who...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/afp20110401od1.pdf

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