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Atypical Laryngeal Dystonia Caused by an Antiemetic - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Apr 1, 2004 - ...Next: Risk Classification for Stroke, Death, and Atrial Fibrillation View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 69/No. 7(April 1, 2004) / Atypical Laryngeal Dystonia Caused by an Antiemetic...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1623.html

Atypical Pathogens and Challenges in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family ...

...skin can- cer), chronic liver disease (cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis), congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular disease (stroke, transient ischemic attack), renal disease (chronic renal disease or elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels) • Abnormal vital signs:...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/afp20040401p1699.pdf

August 1, 2001 - American Family Physician

...American Heart Association Scientific Statement on the Primary Prevention of Ischemic Stroke Joanne E. Chatfield Quantum Sufficit Quantum Sufficit Sarah Morgan; Lori Parry Letters to the Editor Comments on Spiritual Assessment and Medicine L Vandecreek Comments...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/

August 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

...Aspirin Prevents Stroke, but Not Cardiovascular Disease, in Women Varying Effects of Lipid Drugs on Overall Mortality Rates Intensive Diet-Behavior-Physical Activity Program for Obesity in Children Intermittent vs. Continuous Therapy for Mild Asthma Topiramate...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/

August 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

...Prevention of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke Lori M. Dickerson; Peter J. Carek; Robert Glen Quattlebaum The Effect of Cytochrome P450 Metabolism on Drug Response, Interactions, and Adverse Effects Tom Lynch; Amy Price Neff Recommendations for Preconception Care Michael C. Lu...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/

August 1, 2019 - American Family Physician

...Dapagliflozin in High-Risk Type 2 Diabetes Reduces Hospitalization for Heart Failure But Does Not Reduce Death, Myocardial Infarction, or Stroke More Evidence Against Antibiotics for Acute Asthma Exacerbations Letters to the Editor Reader Services CME Course Information...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/

August 15, 2002 - American Family Physician

...Ramipril Reduces Risk of Stroke in High-Risk Patients High-Risk Patients Need Tight Dyslipidemia Management Short Course of Acyclovir for Genital Herpes Which Treatment Is Better in Childhood Atopic Exczema Checklist Improves Awareness of Child Abuse Extension...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/

August 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

...PEG Tubes Worsen Quality of Life in Patients Who Have Had a Stroke U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Screening for Pancreatic Cancer Practice Guidelines AHRQ Releases Evidence Report on Managing Menopause-Related Symptoms Amber Randel AAP Policy on Caring for...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/

August 15, 2007 - American Family Physician

...MRI Is More Appropriate for Initial Evaluation of Stroke Vitamin E Does Not Protect Cognitive Function Lifestyle Intervention and BMD in Adolescent Girls Do Opioid Medications Relieve Chronic Back Pain? Ketogenic Diet for Seizure Control in Children POEMS...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/

August 15, 2016 - American Family Physician

...Pioglitazone After Stroke or TIA Reduces Stroke and MI, but Also Has Significant Harms Letters to the Editor Reader Services CME Course Information Evidence-Based Medicine Glossary Strength-of-Recommendation Taxonomy in AFP Classified Information Disclosure All...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/

August 15, 2019 - American Family Physician

...AFP Clinical Answers: Asthma, Back and Neck Pain, Pain During Labor, TIA, CBT for Anxiety Medicine by the Numbers: Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Anna Tomdio; Michael Ritchie; Andrew C. Miller Graham Center Policy One-Pagers: Proportional...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/

August 15, 2020 - American Family Physician

...in Cardiovascular Outcome After Ischemic Stroke with Lower LDL Target, but also Harms; No Change in All-Cause Mortality Oseltamivir of Uncertain Benefit in Patients with Flulike Symptoms Daily Colchicine Post-MI Reduces Strokes and Recurrent Hospitalizations for Angina...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815/

August 15, 2020 - American Family Physician

...in Cardiovascular Outcome After Ischemic Stroke with Lower LDL Target, but also Harms; No Change in All-Cause Mortality Oseltamivir of Uncertain Benefit in Patients with Flulike Symptoms Daily Colchicine Post-MI Reduces Strokes and Recurrent Hospitalizations for Angina...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0815

Autism Spectrum Disorder - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2016 - ...National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm National Library of Medicine https://medlineplus.gov/autismspectrumdisorder.html Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere. Choose a single...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/p972-s1.html

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

Date xx, xxxx Scientific

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/afp20140901p303.pdf

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited cause of kidney disease. Enlarging cysts within the kidneys are the clinical hallmark of the disease. Renal manifestations include varying degrees of kidney injury, urinary tract infections, kidney stones,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p303.html

Bariatric Surgery Associated with Decreased All-Cause Mortality and Lower Rates of ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Based on population registry data, bariatric surgery is associated with lower all-cause mortality and a lower risk of developing many subsequent obesity-related conditions.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p248.html

Bariatric Surgery Plus Intensive Medical Therapy Is Better Than Medical Therapy Alone ...

Oct 15, 2014 - Bariatric surgery in conjunction with intensive medical therapy results in significantly enhanced glycemic control at three years compared with medical therapy alone, as well as better weight control, less use of glucose-lowering medications, and improved quality of life.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p579.html

Bedtime Instead of Morning Ingestion of Hypertension Medication Equals a Significantly ... Restricted content. Login required.

Apr 1, 2020 - This study found a significant reduction in mortality and morbidity among patients who took their once-daily anti-hypertensive medications at bedtime instead of in the morning. No significant difference occurred in compliance rates between bedtime and morning ingestion times. Individual...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0401/p434a.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity ...

Jun 15, 2013 - ...initiative sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that aims to decrease the number of heart attacks and strokes by 1 million over the next five years. It emphasizes the use of effective clinical preventive services combined with multifaceted policy...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Promote a Healthy Diet and Physical Activity for...

Mar 15, 2021 - The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthy diet and physical activity.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0315/p366.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

September 15, 2015 Putting Prevention into Practice

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/afp20150915p509.pdf

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

Sep 15, 2015 - J.W., a 34-year-old man who smokes, presents for his annual checkup for hypertension. Hisblood pressure is elevated (142/95 mm Hg), and he has gained 10 lb (4.5 kg) since his lastvisit. J.W. is now considered overweight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 27 kg per m2. He reports no other ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p509.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

May 1, 2015 - The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/od1.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

May 1, 2015 USPSTF

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/afp20150501od1.pdf

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

Nov 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/od2.html

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for ...

November 15, 2017: USPSTF

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/afp20171115od2.pdf

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

Behavioral Interventions Reduce Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute ...

Jun 15, 2016 - Requiring clinicians to justify antibiotic prescribing in the permanent electronic health record and to undergo periodic peer comparisons of prescribing rates are effective interventions for reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections. Helpful ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1037.html

Bell Palsy

...Up to 30 percent of persons with an acute peripheral facial palsy will not have Bell palsy; other causes may include stroke, tumor, trauma, middle ear disease, and Lyme disease. Features such as sparing of movement in the upper face (central pat- tern) or weakness of a specific...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/afp20111015p947.pdf

Bell Palsy - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - What are the effects of drug, surgical and physical treatments for Bell palsy in adults and children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p947.html

Bell's Palsy: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - Bell's palsy is a peripheral palsy of the facial nerve that results in muscle weakness on one side of the face. Affected patients develop unilateral facial paralysis over one to three days with forehead involvement and no other neurologic abnormalities. Symptoms typically peak in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p997.html

Benefits and Harms for Low-Dose Aspirin in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - POEMs - ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The 7,740 patients who took low-dose aspirin experienced 51 fewer vascular deaths, nonfatal myocardial infarctions, or nonfatal ischemic strokes; 29 fewer transient ischemic attacks; and 44 fewer revascularizations than patients who took placebo over a mean of 7.4 years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p718.html

Benefits of Avoiding Unnecessary Medical Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic - Editorials...

May 15, 2021 - How can avoiding unnecessary medical care during the COVID-19 pandemic benefit patients?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0515/p584.html

Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...although the evidence is strongest for fish and fish oil. The effects on specific outcomes (especially myocardial infarction [MI] and stroke) are uncertain, and the optimal quantity and type of omega-3 fatty acid, and the optimal ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid remain...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p612.html

Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2005 - ...although the evidence is strongest for fish and fish oil. The effects on specific outcomes (especially myocardial infarction [MI] and stroke) are uncertain, and the optimal quantity and type of omega-3 fatty acid, and the optimal ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid remain...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p387.html

Benzodiazepines and Alzheimer Disease

January 15, 2015 Journal Club

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/afp20150201p191.pdf

Benzodiazepines and Alzheimer Disease - AFP Journal Club - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2015 - Benzodiazepine exposure over the preceding five years seems to be associated with an increased likelihood of an Alzheimer disease diagnosis. A dose-response gradient also seems to exist.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p191.html

Beta Blockers and Noncardiac Surgery: Why the POISE Study Alone Should Not Change Your ...

Mar 15, 2010 - Should we stop using beta blockers to prevent myocardial infarction in persons undergoing noncardiac surgery? The data remain inconclusive. Although the POISE study is an important contribution to the literature, it uses a protocol that is unrealistic and should not change current ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p717.html

Beta Blockers Compared with Other Drug Options for the Treatment of Hypertension - ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Although beta blockers seem to have a positive impact on patient-oriented evidence that matters in patients with hypertension, they appear to be inferior when compared with other medications.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/od1.html

Beta Blockers Not Associated with Lower Morbidity/Mortality in Adults with CAD or CAD ...

...death, nonfatal MI, or nonfatal stroke. Addi- tional outcomes included hospitalization, revascularization procedures, and cardiovas- cular disease-related and all-cause mortality. Outcomes are reported using a propensity score analysis consisting of paired compari- sons between...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/afp20130301p373.pdf

Beta Blockers Not Associated with Lower Morbidity/Mortality in Adults with CAD or CAD ...

Mar 1, 2013 - Beta-blocker therapy was not associated with a reduced risk of adverse cardiovascular events in adults with a prior MI, known CAD without prior MI, or three or more known risk factors for CAD.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p373.html

Better Primary Care Continuity Is Associated with Lower Mortality Risk - POEMs - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - Most studies in this systematic review found a protective effect of greater primary care continuity and all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p311a.html

Bipolar Disorders: A Review - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2012 - Bipolar disorders are common, disabling, recurrent mental health conditions of variable severity. Onset is often in late childhood or early adolescence. Patients with bipolar disorders have higher rates of other mental health disorders and general medical conditions. Early recognition ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p483.html

Bipolar Disorders: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Bipolar disorders are common, recurrent mental health conditions of variable severity that are difficult to diagnose. Affected individuals have higher rates of other mental health disorders, substance use disorders, and comorbid chronic medical illnesses. New diagnostic criteria and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p227.html

Birth Control: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - ...if you smoke, talk with your doctor about birth control that has estrogen in it. These conditions may increase your risk of blood clots and stroke. Condoms are the only birth control method that decreases your risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection. Condoms can be used...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p625-s1.html

Blood Pressure Goal of 140 to 150 mm Hg Is Best for Patients with Diabetes - POEMs - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Although most recent practice guidelines have relaxed the blood pressure goals for patients with diabetes, there are still a few holdouts that suggest aggressive treatment. This analysis shows that the ideal range for hypertension control in patients with diabetes is between 140 and 150...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p59a.html

Blood Pressure Targets for Patients with Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Achieving a target BP of 135/85 mm Hg or less does not decrease the risk of total cardiovascular events vs. treating to a target of 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. Further, treating to the lower BP target does not improve total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, or serious adverse effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p276.html

Blood Pressure Treatment Targets for Uncomplicated Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Apr 1, 2010 - To date, there is no evidence to support treating patients with uncomplicated hypertension to blood pressure goals lower than the standard blood pressure target of less than or equal to 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. In randomized controlled trials, patients treated to lower blood pressure...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p848.html

Blood Product Transfusion in Adults: Indications, Adverse Reactions, and Modifications ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2020 - Millions of units of blood products are transfused annually to patients in the United States. Red blood cells are transfused to improve oxygen-carrying capacity in patients with or at high risk of developing symptomatic anemia. Restrictive transfusion thresholds with lower hemoglobin ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p30.html

Blunt Trauma in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - Trauma is the most common cause of nonobstetric death among pregnant women in the United States. Motor vehicle crashes, domestic violence, and falls are the most common causes of blunt trauma during pregnancy. All pregnant patients with traumatic injury should be assessed formally in a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1303.html

Blunt Trauma in Pregnancy - American Family Physician

...nant woman is supine. This compression can cause a decrease of up to 30 mm Hg in maternal systolic blood pressure, a 30 percent decrease in stroke volume,24 and a consequent decrease in uterine blood flow.22 Manual deflection of the uterus laterally or placement of the patient in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/afp20041001p1303.pdf

Book Reviews - Physician's Bookshelf - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1998 - ...of thrombolytics in acute stroke is covered in overview fashion in the section on experimental therapies , not reflecting recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) for use in acute ischemic stroke. The use of intramuscular...

American Family Physician : Physician's Bookshelf

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2899.html

Book Reviews - Physician's Bookshelf - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1999 - ...Blood Clots and Strokes: A Guide for Parents and Little Folks By Maureen Andrew. Pp. 40. Price, $6.95. Decker, 4 Hughson St. S, P.O. Box 620, LCD1, Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 3K7 Canada, 1998. Clinician's Handbook of Preventive Services By the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research....

American Family Physician : Physician's Bookshelf

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p2035.html

Book Reviews - Physician's Bookshelf - American Family Physician

May 1, 1999 - ...Slow Dance: A Story of Stroke, Love and Disability By Bonnie Sherr Klein. Pp. 321. Price, $24.95. Page Mill Press, 2716 Ninth St., Berkeley, CA 94710, 1998. Under the Fig Leaf By Angelo S. Paola. Pp. 318. Price, $14.95. Health Information Press, 4727 Wilshire Blvd., #300, Los...

American Family Physician : Physician's Bookshelf

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2661.html

Bridging Anticoagulation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Associated with More ...

Sep 1, 2015 - This study provides more evidence that bridging in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation does not improve outcomes, and is actually associated with a higher risk of bleeding complications and cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/p398.html

Bridging Warfarin Before Colonoscopy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation - FPIN's ...

Apr 15, 2019 - A limited number of trials that examined the risk of temporary interruption of anticoagulation before a variety of procedures did not find a reduction in the risk of stroke, but they did show an increased risk of bleeding events and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients who were ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p519.html

Brief Cognitive Testing in the Detection and Diagnosis of Clinical Alzheimer-Type ... Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 1, 2021 - In adults with suspected cognitive impairment, what is the utility of brief cognitive testing in detecting clinical Alzheimer-type dementia and distinguishing it from mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0201/p183.html

Calcium Channel Antagonists: Morbidity and Mortality - What's the Evidence? - American ...

Apr 1, 1998 - Recent studies have shown an association between the use of calcium channel antagonists for the treatment of hypertension and an increased risk of myocardial infarction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and cancer. The interpretation of the results of these studies and their application to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1551.html

Can Vitamins Help with Heart Disease? - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - ...A stroke caused by a blood clot, carotid artery disease or surgery Blocked arteries in your legs High levels of LDL cholesterol or triglycerides (another kind of cholesterol) High blood pressure Tobacco use How much should I take? Are there side effects? Doctors don't know the ideal...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p903.html

Cardiovascular Disease: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - ...caused by age and unhealthy habits, like smoking. They also can run in families. Having CVD makes you more likely to have a heart attack or stroke. In the United States, more than 10 times as many women die from CVD as from breast cancer. How can I tell if I have CVD? You may not...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1342.html

Cardiovascular Effects of NSAIDs - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Aspirin does not elevate blood pressure. Among nonselective NSAIDs, ibuprofen increases the risk of hypertension and stroke. Diclofenac does not increase the risk of hypertension, but does increase the risk of stroke. Naproxen (Naprosyn) does not increase the risk of hypertension or ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od2.html

Cardiovascular Risk of Combined Oral Contraceptive Use - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Dec 15, 2012 - Because of an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the use of combined oral contraceptives (OCs) should be considered carefully in women who smoke and in those with hypertension or hyperlipidemia.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/od4.html

Cardiovascular Risk Profiling in Blacks: Don't Forget the Lipids - Editorials - ...

Nov 1, 1998 - ...Are these data surprising? For some of us, the answer is yes —we tend to focus on stroke risk in blacks and the linear association with hypertension. Indeed, many of us overlook other risk factors—particularly lipid disorders—because we learned from the National Health and Nutrition...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1101/p1541.html

Cardiovascular Risks of Combined Oral Contraceptive Use

...involving more than 1,200 women evaluated the effect of hypertension on stroke in those who used OCs.1 When comparing women with hypertension who used OCs with those who did not, the pooled odds ratio (OR) for stroke was 9.82 (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.97 to 13.84). In...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/afp20121215od4.pdf

Care of the College Student

...Stimulant Hypertension, tachycardia, anosmia, rhinorrhea, bloody nose, paranoia, stroke, seizures Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol) Roofies, rophies, roche, Mexican valium, forget- me pill Pill (taken orally or ground up and snorted) Central nervous system depressant Sedation,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/afp20131101p596.pdf

Care of the College Student - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Approximately 19 million students attend college in the United States. Although they are generally healthy, about 20% of youth have special health care needs, including asthma, diabetes mellitus, and learning, mental health, and substance use disorders. Physicians can facilitate the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p141.html

Care of the College Student - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - There are approximately 20 million students in U.S. colleges and universities. Although this population is characterized as having good health, 600,000 students report some form of disability or some type of medical problem, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p596.html

Care of the Homeless: An Overview

...Exposure: heat-related illness Heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke Cooling, fluids, transport to hospital Mental health and cognitive problems Alcohol- and drug-related problems, traumatic brain injury, learning disabilities Ready access to mental health services,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/afp20140415p634.pdf

Care of the Homeless: An Overview - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2014 - Homelessness affects men, women, and children of all races and ethnicities. On any given night, more than 610,000 persons in the United States are homeless; a little more than one-third of these are families. Homeless persons are more likely to become ill, have greater hospitalization ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p634.html

Caregiver Care

...skills-training, and therapeutic counseling interventions for caregivers of patients with chronic conditions such as dementia, cancer, stroke, and heart failure have shown small to moderate success in decreasing caregiver burden and increasing caregiver quality of life. Further...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/afp20110601p1309.pdf

Caregiver Care - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2011 - In 2009, nearly 66 million Americans (three in 10 U.S. households) reported at least one person providing unpaid care as a family caregiver. More adults with chronic conditions and disabilities are living at home than ever before, and family caregivers have an even higher level of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1309.html

Caregiver Care - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2019 - Eighty percent of adults requiring long-term care currently live at home in the community, and unpaid family caregivers provide 90% of their care. Family caregivers serve as a critical extension of the U.S. health care system, and the demand for family caregivers is expected to increase...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p699.html

Caring for Hispanic Patients

...Latino culture has several normative values that must be recognized in clinical settings. These include simpa- tía (kindness), personalismo (friendliness), and respeto (respect).25 Simpatía emphasizes politeness and conflict avoidance. Personalismo, a personal connection, can be...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/afp20130101p48.pdf

Caring for Older Family Members with Depression

...home for care may be more likely to be depressed. It is also more common in people who have brain conditions, like Alzheimer disease or a stroke. How is it diagnosed? If you have an older family member who may have depression, it is important for him or her to see a doctor. The...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/afp20111115p1155.pdf

Caring for Older Family Members with Depression - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - ...home for care may be more likely to be depressed. It is also more common in people who have brain conditions, like Alzheimer disease or a stroke. How is it diagnosed? If you have an older family member who may have depression, it is important for him or her to see a doctor. The...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1155.html

Caring for Patients After Bariatric Surgery - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - Bariatric surgery leads to sustainable long-term weight loss and may be curative for such obesity-related comorbidities as diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea in severely obese patients. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has become the most common procedure for patients undergoing bariatric...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1403.html

Caring for Transgender and Gender-Diverse Persons: What Clinicians Should Know - ...

Dec 1, 2018 - Persons whose experienced or expressed gender differs from their sex assigned at birth may identify as transgender. Transgender and gender-diverse persons may have gender dysphoria (i.e., distress related to this incongruence) and often face substantial health care disparities and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p645.html

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2011 - ...Previous: AHA/ASA Guidelines on Prevention of Recurrent Stroke Next: Subclinical Hyperthyroidism: What It Means to You View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 83/No. 8(April 15, 2011) / Carpal Tunnel Syndrome...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0415/p965.html

Case Report: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome - Letters to the Editor - ...

Dec 15, 2005 - ...important therapeutic implications because of its potential reversibility. Clinical findings can mimic neuroradiologic conditions such as stroke and vasculitis.4 Clinical and neuroradiologic features are typically indistinguishable among cases of PRES, regardless of the underlying...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2430.html

Case Reports: Rhabdomyolysis Associated with COVID-19 - Letters to the Editor - ...

Dec 1, 2020 - ...commonly headache, anosmia, and ageusia—in addition to the more well-recognized respiratory findings. Other manifestations include stroke, impairment of consciousness, coma, seizure, and encephalopathy.1 An early case series from Wuhan, China, identified neurologic features in 78 of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p645.html

Cates Plot for Risks and Benefits of Aspirin Chemoprevention - Letters to the Editor - ...

Sep 15, 2011 - ...therapy: approximately eight men will have gastrointestinal bleeding from aspirin use, and approximately one person would have a hemorrhagic stroke.1 Although this kind of simultaneous portrayal of potential benefits and risks has been described,2 we found no evidence of the...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0915/p602a.html

Catheter Ablation of Supraventricular Arrhythmias and Atrial Fibrilation - American ...

Nov 15, 2009 - Supraventricular arrhythmias are relatively common, often persistent, and rarely life-threatening cardiac rhythm disturbances that arise from the sinus node, atrial tissue, or junctional sites between the atria and ventricles. The term

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1089.html

CDC Issues Recommendations for Identifying HCV Infection in Persons Born in 1945 ...

Jul 1, 2013 - Identifying HCV infection through testing is important to improve health outcomes in persons born in 1945 through 1965, because of increased risk of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and extrahepatic complications. The HCV Birth Cohort Testing Work Group, including experts from...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p62.html

CDC Releases Report on Prevalence of Adult Obesity - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jun 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that the prevalence of obesity in adults increased significantly from 1995 to 2005 in all states, based on data from the 1995, 2000, and 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1885.html

CDC Updates Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

...Clinical signs of neurosyphilis include cranial nerve dys- function, meningitis, stroke, altered mental status, loss of vibration sense, and auditory or ophthalmic abnormali- ties. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities are com- mon in persons with early syphilis. The Venereal...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/afp20110701p123.pdf

CDC Updates Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - ...

Jul 1, 2011 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently updated its guidelines on the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The new guidelines focus on treatment, but also discuss prevention strategies and diagnostic recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p123.html

CEA vs. Stenting: Mixed Results, Mostly Bad - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2015 - These two randomized trials, one with short-term outcomes and the other with five-year outcomes, demonstrate that carotid artery stenting results in more frequent strokes (clinical and radiographically detected) than carotid endarterectomy (CEA). However, the rate of fatal and disabling...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p52.html

Cerebral Palsy in Children: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - ...National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site:http://www.ninds.nih.gov Telephone: 1-800-352-9424 TTY (teletypewriter): 301-468-5981 Easter Seals Web site:http://www.easterseals.com Telephone: 1-800-221-6827 TTY: 312-726-4258 E-mail:...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p101.html

Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2003 - Lumbar puncture is frequently performed in primary care. Properly interpreted tests can make cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) a key tool in the diagnosis of a variety of diseases. Proper evaluation of CSF depends on knowing which tests to order, normal ranges for the patient's age, and the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0915/p1103.html

Cervical Cancer - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2012 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent cervical cancer? What are the effects of interventions to manage early-stage cervical cancer? What are the effects of additional interventions to manage bulky early-stage cervical cancer?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1186.html

Cervical Radiculopathy: Nonoperative Management of Neck Pain and Radicular Symptoms - ...

Jan 1, 2010 - Cervical radiculopathy is a disease process marked by nerve compression from herniated disk material or arthritic bone spurs. This impingement typically produces neck and radiating arm pain or numbness, sensory deficits, or motor dysfunction in the neck and upper extremities. Magnetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p33.html

Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Common Cause of Spinal Cord Dysfunction in Older ...

Sep 1, 2000 - Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons. The aging process results in degenerative changes in the cervical spine that, in advanced stages, can cause compression of the spinal cord. Symptoms often develop insidiously and are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1064.html

Chemoprevention of Breast Cancer - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - American ...

Mar 15, 2003 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for the chemoprevention of breast cancer and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0315/p1309.html

Cheng.pdf

...requires imaging and extensive laboratory testing. • Acute complications of COVID-19 include pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, stroke, and arterial and venous thrombosis. Hospitalized patients may have debil- ity 66 and mental health effects.67 Factors that may...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/journals/afp/Cheng.pdf

Chlorthalidone Vs. Hydrochlorothiazide for Treatment of Hypertension

December 1, 2015 Clinical Inquiries

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/afp20151201p1015.pdf

Chlorthalidone vs. Hydrochlorothiazide for Treatment of Hypertension - FPIN's Help Desk...

Dec 1, 2015 - Chlorthalidone produces slightly greater reductions in blood pressure compared with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), but it is associated with greater declines in serum potassium levels. Chlorthalidone lowers the risk of cardiovascular events about 18% more than HCTZ at the same achieved ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1015.html

Cholesterol - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2003 - ...While some cholesterol is needed for good health, too much cholesterol in your blood can raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. The extra cholesterol in your blood may be stored in your arteries (blood vessels) and cause them to narrow. This is called atherosclerosis....

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1775.html

Cholesterol Management: ACC/AHA Updates Guideline - Practice Guidelines - American ...

May 1, 2019 - The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) task force on clinical practice guidelines has updated its 2013 cholesterol guideline.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p589.html

Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines Update -- American Family Physician

...1. American Heart Association. Heart and stroke sta- tistical update. Dallas: American Heart Association, 1997. 2. Levine GN, Keaney JF Jr., Vita JA. Cholesterol reduction in cardiovascular disease. Clinical bene- fits and possible mechanisms. N Engl J Med 1995; 332:512-21....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/afp20020301p871.pdf

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