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hypertension

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Automated Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Clinical Utility in the Family Practice...

Jun 1, 2003 - Although the percentage of patients who are treated for hypertension has increased, the percentage of those who demonstrate control of blood pressure has declined. As a result of this trend, clinicians may increasingly rely on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring to improve the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2343.html

Diagnostic Approach to Chronic Constipation in Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2011 - Constipation is traditionally defined as three or fewer bowel movements per week. Risk factors for constipation include female sex, older age, inactivity, low caloric intake, low-fiber diet, low income, low educational level, and taking a large number of medications. Chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p299.html

The Pretravel Consultation - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2016 - Key components of the pretravel consultation include intake questions regarding the traveler’s anticipated itinerary and medical history; immunizations; malaria prophylaxis; and personal protection measures against arthropod bites, traveler’s diarrhea, and injury. Most vaccinations that...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p620.html

No Benefit to Addition of Stenting for Treatment of Atherosclerotic Renal Artery ...

Apr 1, 2014 - In patients with severe atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis and hypertension or chronic kidney disease, renal artery stenting does not provide an additional benefit when added to comprehensive medical therapy that includes blood pressure and diabetes mellitus management, and ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p576.html

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2013 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver (hepatic steatosis). Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is characterized by steatosis, liver cell injury, and inflammation. The mechanism of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is unknown but involves ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p35.html

Cesarean Delivery: Counseling Issues and Complication Management - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2015 - Nearly one-third of all deliveries in the United States are cesarean deliveries. Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions that decrease the chance of a cesarean delivery ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p178.html

Hirsutism in Women - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2012 - Hirsutism is excess terminal hair that commonly appears in a male pattern in women. Although hirsutism is generally associated with hyperandrogenemia, one-half of women with mild symptoms have normal androgen levels. The most common cause of hirsutism is polycystic ovary syndrome, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p373.html

Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease - Putting Prevention into Practice - American ...

Feb 15, 2014 - A 55-year-old woman with no history of diabetes mellitus or hypertension asks to be screened for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Her 88-year-old mother has end-stage renal disease and is currently undergoing renal dialysis. The patient says she wants to take all necessary precautions to ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p293.html

Top POEMs of 2015 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign - ...

Oct 1, 2016 - The authors applied a novel method to identify recent clinical studies that showed results consistent with the principles of the Choosing Wisely campaign. The method, based on crowdsourcing studies known as POEMs (patientoriented evidence that matters), involved analyzing POEM ratings ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p566.html

Primary Care of the Solid Organ Transplant Recipient - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2016 - The advancing science of transplantation has led to more transplants and longer survival. As a result, primary care physicians are more involved in the care of transplant recipients. Immunosuppressive therapy has significantly decreased rates of transplant rejection but accounts for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p203.html

Cirrhosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2011 - Cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. It accounted for 29,165 deaths in 2007, with a mortality rate of 9.7 per 100,000 persons. Alcohol abuse and viral hepatitis are the most common causes of cirrhosis, although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is emerging ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1215/p1353.html

Screening for Coronary Heart Disease with Electrocardiography - Putting Prevention into...

Jan 15, 2014 - A 60-year-old man presents to your office for routine follow-up and medication refills for hyperlipidemia and hypertension. His blood pressure is 130/80 mm Hg, and his fasting lipid panel reveals a total cholesterol level of 220 mg per dL and a high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p79.html

Five steps to set up ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in your practice

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) provides more accurate data than in-office blood pressure checks, which is useful for identifying issues that might otherwise stay hidden and ruling out white coat hypertension.

Family Practice Management : FPM

https://www.aafp.org/journals/fpm/blogs/inpractice/entry/ambulatory_bp_monitoring.html

Perioperative Antiplatelet Therapy - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - Aspirin is recommended as a lifelong therapy that should never be interrupted for patients with cardiovascular disease. Clopidogrel therapy is mandatory for six weeks after placement of bare-metal stents, three to six months after myocardial infarction, and at least 12 months after ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1484.html

Choosing a Skeletal Muscle Relaxant - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2008 - Skeletal muscle relaxants are widely used in treating musculoskeletal conditions. However, evidence of their effectiveness consists mainly of studies with poor methodologic design. In addition, these drugs have not been proven to be superior to acetaminophen or nonsteroidal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p365.html

Transient Ischemic Attack: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2012 - Transient ischemic attack is defined as transient neurologic symptoms without evidence of acute infarction. It is a common and important risk factor for future stroke, but is greatly underreported. Common symptoms are sudden and transient, and include unilateral paresis, speech ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0915/p521.html

Care of the Homeless: An Overview - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2014 - Homelessness affects men, women, and children of all races and ethnicities. On any given night, more than 610,000 persons in the United States are homeless; a little more than one-third of these are families. Homeless persons are more likely to become ill, have greater hospitalization ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p634.html

Health Maintenance in Women - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2013 - The health maintenance examination is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention and health promotion. The patient history should include screening for tobacco use, alcohol misuse, intimate partner violence, and depression. Premenopausal women should receive preconception counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p30.html

Indications for Anticoagulation in Atrial Fibrillation - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1998 - Factors associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) include increasing age, rheumatic heart disease, poor left ventricular function, previous myocardial infarction, hypertension and a past history of a thromboembolic event. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0701/p130.html

Atrial Fibrillation: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2011 - Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It impairs cardiac function and increases the risk of stroke. The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases with age. Key treatment issues include deciding when to restore normal sinus rhythm, when to control rate only, and how...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p61.html

The Effect of Cytochrome P450 Metabolism on Drug Response, Interactions, and Adverse ...

Aug 1, 2007 - Cytochrome P450 enzymes are essential for the metabolism of many medications. Although this class has more than 50 enzymes, six of them metabolize 90 percent of drugs, with the two most significant enzymes being CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. Genetic variability (polymorphism) in these enzymes may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p391.html

Therapeutic Uses of Magnesium - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2009 - Magnesium is an essential mineral for optimal metabolic function. Research has shown that the mineral content of magnesium in food sources is declining, and that magnesium depletion has been detected in persons with some chronic diseases. This has led to an increased awareness of proper...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0715/p157.html

Insulin Resistance Syndrome - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Insulin resistance can be linked to diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease and other abnormalities. These abnormalities constitute the insulin resistance syndrome. Because resistance usually develops long before these diseases appear, identifying and treating ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1159.html

Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - Cluster headache causes severe unilateral temporal or periorbital pain, lasting 15 to 180 minutes and accompanied by autonomic symptoms in the nose, eyes, and face. Headaches often recur at the same time each day during the cluster period, which can last for weeks to months. Some ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p122.html

NHBPEP Report on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy: A Summary for Family Physicians - ...

Jul 15, 2001 - The National High Blood Pressure Education Program's Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy recently issued a report implicating hypertension as a complication in 6 to 8 percent of pregnancies. Hypertension in pregnancy is related to one of four conditions: (1) chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0715/p263.html

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