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hypertension

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Update on Prenatal Care - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Many elements of routine prenatal care are based on tradition and lack a firm evidence base; however, some elements are supported by more rigorous studies. Correct dating of the pregnancy is critical to prevent unnecessary inductions and to allow for accurate treatment of preterm labor....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p199.html

Aspirin Is as Safe and Effective as LMWH for Extended Thromboprophylaxis After Total ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Aspirin is as effective as dalteparin for extended thromboprophylaxis in patients who had total hip arthroplasty and had initially received 10 days of dalteparin prophylaxis postoperatively. Because of its relative safety, low cost, and easy administration, aspirin is an attractive ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p739.html

Finasteride Prevents Low-Grade Prostate Cancers, but Does Not Reduce Mortality - POEMs ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Although finasteride prevents low-grade prostate tumors, it does not affect overall survival or survival after prostate cancer diagnosis. Although high-grade cancers were more common among men taking finasteride, up to 18 years of follow-up failed to show increased mortality in this group.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p744.html

Care of the College Student - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - There are approximately 20 million students in U.S. colleges and universities. Although this population is characterized as having good health, 600,000 students report some form of disability or some type of medical problem, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p596.html

n-3 Fatty Acids Do Not Prevent Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients - POEMs - ...

Nov 1, 2013 - There is no evidence that n-3 fatty acids prevent cardiovascular events or death in older adults who have cardiovascular disease (or who are at risk of it but have not had a myocardial infarction).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/od2.html

Recommendations for Preconception Counseling and Care - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2013 - Given that nearly one-half of pregnancies are unintended, preconception care should be considered an integral part of primary care for women of reproductive age. Common issues in preconception care include family planning, achieving a healthy body weight, screening and treatment for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p499.html

ACIP Releases Influenza Vaccination Updates for 2013-2014 - Practice Guidelines - ...

Oct 15, 2013 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has updated its annual guidelines for routine influenza vaccination in 2013–2014. Vaccination is recommended for all persons six months or older who do not have contraindications.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1015/p543.html

Postexposure Prophylaxis for Common Infectious Diseases - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2013 - Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is effective in preventing illness after potential or documented exposure to a variety of microbial pathogens and in reducing the risk of secondary spread of infection. Guidelines have been published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0701/p25.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

Reducing the Risk of Adverse Drug Events in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2013 - Adverse drug events occur in 15 percent or more of older patients presenting to offices, hospitals, and extended care facilities. These events are potentially preventable up to 50 percent of the time. Common serious manifestations include falls, orthostatic hypotension, heart failure, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p331.html

Health Maintenance in Women - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2013 - The health maintenance examination is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention and health promotion. The patient history should include screening for tobacco use, alcohol misuse, intimate partner violence, and depression. Premenopausal women should receive preconception counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p30.html

Putting Prevention into Practice - Dec 15, 2012 - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2012 - Case study: A 73-year-old woman comes to your office for routine follow-up for hypertension. She lives alone in an apartment and walks slowly, requiring the use of a cane. She is otherwise healthy and alert. Her most recent eye examination was three years ago.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1135.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p30.html

ACP Recommendations for VTE Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Patients - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 15, 2012 - Most hospitalized patients have at least one risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), such as pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis. The American College of Physicians (ACP) has released guidelines on VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized, nonsurgical patients, including those ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1204.html

The Adult Well Male Examination - American Family Physician

May 15, 2012 - The adult well male examination should incorporate evidence-based guidance toward the promotion of optimal health and well-being, including screening tests shown to improve health outcomes. Nearly one-third of men report not having a primary care physician. The medical history should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p964.html

Do Electronic Health Records Improve Processes and Outcomes of Preventive Care? - ...

May 15, 2012 - Electronic health records (EHRs) are thought to be valuable tools to prompt physicians to provide preventive services. How strong is the evidence that EHRs can improve processes and outcomes of preventive care?

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p956.html

Rivaroxaban vs. Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial ...

Mar 15, 2012 - How does rivaroxaban compare with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? This study concluded that rivaroxaban is noninferior to warfarin. However, noninferiority trials do not meet the same rigorous design and statistical format of traditional ...

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0315/p577.html

AHA Updates Guidelines on CVD Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 1, 2012 - Major changes addressed in the American Heart Association's (AHA) 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are that benefits and risks found in the clinical practice setting were strongly considered, and recommendations were not based solely on benefits found in the clinical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p70.html

Treatment and Prevention of Kidney Stones: An Update - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2011 - Kidney stones are associated with chronic kidney disease. Preventing recurrence is largely specific to the type of stone (e.g., calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, cystine, struvite [magnesium ammonium phosphate]), and uric acid stones); however, even when the stone cannot be retrieved,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1201/p1234.html

Statins for Primary Cardiovascular Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Oct 1, 2011 - Trials to date have found that statins reduce all-cause mortality, composite cardiovascular outcomes, and revascularization. However, most trials included large numbers of persons with known CVD. Clear evidence of the effectiveness of statins to prevent a first cardiovascular event is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p767.html

Updated Dietary Guidelines from the USDA and HHS - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Aug 1, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) jointly created the updated version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. The updated guidelines are based on two main concepts: focusing on balancing caloric intake over time ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0801/p332.html

ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - Practice ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p234.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Appropriate Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Editorials: ...

Jun 15, 2011 - The factor most strongly associated with appropriate aspirin use is a conversation between the patient and physician. The National Committee for Quality Assurance has proposed that health plans measure their members' use of aspirin, as well as the extent to which physicians discuss ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0615/p1380.html

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