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stroke

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American Family Physician

...12. Rosamond W, Flegal K, Friday G, et al. Heart disease and stroke sta- tistics-2007 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee [published correction appears in Circulation. 2007;115(5):e172]. Circulation. 2007;...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/afp20090501p778.pdf

American Family Physician

...Home modifications for patients with demen- tia should promote safety for the patient and peace-of-mind for the caregiver. The modi- fications listed in Table 2 allow patients with dementia to receive ongoing care in the least restrictive environment possible, and may be implemented...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/afp20091101p963.pdf

American Family Physician

...population.26 Atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased risk of stroke, heart fail- ure, and all-cause mortality.26 Management principles focus on adequate anticoagulation (to prevent embolic stroke occurrence), ventricular rate control measures (to prevent symptomatic and...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/afp20091115p1089.pdf

American Family Physician

...Estrogen Estradiol in various preparations MI, stroke, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and breast cancer in postmenopausal women Iron supplements, oral Ferrous sulfate, many vitamin supplements Overdose may be fatal in children Nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/afp20100201p298.pdf

American Family Physician

...a meta-analysis of 19 controlled trials, pioglitazone (actos) was associated with a reduc- tion in a composite end point of death, Mi, and stroke.19 the incidence of serious heart failure was increased by 40 percent, but there was no change in cardiovascular disease mortality rates....

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/afp20090101p29.pdf

American Family Physician

...Various versus placebo Heart attack or stroke over five years 16 Deep venous thrombosis Warfarin (Coumadin; target INR = 1.5 to 2.0) versus placebo for one year Venous thromboembolism over one year 22 Heart failure (New York Heart Association class I or II)...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/afp20090415p668.pdf

American Family Physician

...pneumonia is an infection for which antibiotic therapy should be initiated. Risk factors for these conditions include a history of stroke, dementia, gastroesopha- geal reflux disease, and tube-feeding require- ments. Pathogens isolated from nursing home patients with severe...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/afp20090601p976.pdf

American Family Physician

...5. Kagan A, Harris BR, Winkelstein W Jr, et al. Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California: demographic, physical, dietary and biochemical characteristics. J Chronic Dis. 1974;27(7):345-364. 6. Kushi LH, Lew...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/afp20090815p345.pdf

American Family Physician

...41. Gill SS, Rochon PA, Herrmann N, et al. Atypical antipsychotic drugs and risk of ischaemic stroke. BMJ. 2005;330(7489):445. 42. Schneeweiss S, Setoguchi S, Brookhart A, Dormuth C, Wang PS. Risk of death associated with the use of conventional versus atypical antipsy- chotic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/afp20100301p617.pdf

American Heart Association Issues Guidelines on Imaging in Transient Ischemic Attacks ...

Apr 1, 1998 - ...in Transient Ischemic Attacks and Stroke SHARON SCOTT MOREY Am Fam Physician. 1998 Apr 1;57(7):1682-1686. The American Heart Association (AHA) has released practice guidelines on the use of diagnostic imaging in patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) and acute stroke. The...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1682.html

American Heart Association Releases Scientific Statement on Cardiovascular Disease in ...

Jun 1, 1998 - ...though nearly 50 percent of women die of heart disease or stroke. The scientific statement appears in the October 1997 issue of Circulation. The AHA states that cardiovascular disease, particularly coronary heart disease and stroke, remains the leading cause of death among women in...

American Family Physician : Special Medical Reports

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2873.html

American Heart Association Scientific Statement on the Primary Prevention of Ischemic ...

Aug 1, 2001 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued a scientific statement on the primary prevention of ischemic stroke. The scientific statement includes an overview of established and potential risk factors and recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p513.html

Amicus Brief - Department of Homeland Security v. Regents of the University fo ...

...in the medical profession: family members unnecessarily suffering- and even dying-from treatable conditions like diabetes, breast cancer, stroke, heart conditions, prostate cancer, and anemia due to a lack of access to care. The older I got, says Ali Torabi, a medical student at...

Advocacy

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/advocacy/amicus_brief/AB-AAMC-DACA.pdf

Amiodarone for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although not a substitute for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), amiodarone is effective for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death when compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 33 to 100), but it does not ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p692.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastatin for Preventing Heart Disease - Letters to the Editor - American...

Feb 1, 2007 - ...the risks of myocardial infarction, stroke, or death. 1 In ALLHAT, amlodipine was as efficacious as chlorthalidone (Hygroton) in reducing the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Amlodipine was more efficacious in reducing strokes than was lisinopril (Zestril)....

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p311.html

Amlodipine/Atorvastin (Caduet) for Preventing Heart Disease - STEPS - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2006 - Amlodipine/atorvastatin offers no added benefit in safety, tolerability, or effectiveness over amlodipine and atorvastatin taken separately. It has not been shown to improve mortality or morbidity in patients who have hypertension with or without dyslipidemia. The only potential ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1067.html

AMRN-00384_HCC%20Unbranded%20POC%20Patient%20Brochure%20Dec%20'19.pdf

...US adults live with some form of CV disease or the debilitating effects of stroke By 2035, that number of US adults living with CV disease is estimated to include nearly half the US population, at ~92.1 MILLION ~131.2 MILLION It’s time to do more. Proven treatment on top...

About AAFP

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/about_us/sponsored_resources/AMRN-00384_HCC%20Unbranded%20POC%20Patient%20Brochure%20Dec%20'19.pdf

An Approach to Diagnosis and Initial Management of Systemic Vasculitis - American ...

Oct 1, 1999 - Systemic vasculitis occurs in a heterogeneous group of primary disorders or can be a manifestation of infection, an adverse drug reaction, malignancy or a connective tissue disease. A vasculitic process should be suspected in patients with unexplained ischemia or multiple organ ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1421.html

An Aspirin a Day Keeps the MI Away (For Some) - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - ...and fatal myocardial infarctions (MIs) will be avoided, while two to four major gastrointestinal bleeding events and zero to two hemorrhagic strokes will be caused. Although this therapy has no net effect on all-cause mortality, the USPSTF strongly recommends that we discuss the...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2000.html

An Asymmetric Pupil - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2019 - ...Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging with and without contrast media was obtained during a prior emergency department visit as part of a stroke workup. It showed chronic microvascular ischemic disease with no evidence of a mass. Enlarge Print FIGURE 1 FIGURE 1 Question Based...

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p191.html

An Open Letter to All the Health Plans That Keep Sending Me Letters -- FPM

Apr 1, 2010 - How helpful are all those letters you receive from health plans? Not very, says this family physician.

Family Practice Management : The Last Word

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2010/0300/p52.html

An Unusual Case of Chest Pain - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p919.html

Anemia and Mucocutaneous Telangiectasias - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photgraph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p89.html

Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Aug 1, 2007 - When used to delay the progression of early nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not superior to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p423.html

Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Hypertension - American Family ...

Sep 15, 1999 - The sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) includes recommendations for the assessment of overall cardiovascular risk and the need for active antihypertensive drug therapy. Once the decision to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1185.html

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers

February 1, 2015 Clinical Inquiries

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/afp20150201p193.pdf

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors vs. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers - FPIN's ...

Feb 1, 2015 - ACE inhibitors should be used in patients with hypertension because they reduce all-cause mortality, whereas ARBs do not.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0201/p193.html

Annular Lesions - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2005 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0815/p671.html

Antepartum Perineal Massage for Intrapartum Lacerations - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 15, 2021 - Digital antepartum and intrapartum perineal massage did not decrease perineal lacerations compared with a control group.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p115.html

Anticoagulant Use in Patients with Risk of Falling - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Apr 15, 2003 - ...I often see patients who are admitted to our nursing homes after sustaining an embolic stroke because of atrial fibrillation who were not given anticoagulation therapy because of a risk of falling. Physicians are obligated to inform our patients of the risks and benefits of...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1683.html

Anticoagulation for the Long-term Treatment of VTE in Patients with Cancer - Cochrane ...

Jul 1, 2009 - Although LMWH appears to be more effective than oral anticoagulants in the prevention of recurrent VTE, this does not translate into a survival benefit. LMWH and oral anticoagulants have the same reported adverse events of bleeding and thrombocytopenia.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p30.html

Anticoagulation in Elderly Persons: A Call for Wider Use - Editorials - American Family...

Jul 1, 1998 - ...adverse effects of bleeding complications, particularly intracranial hemorrhage. Warfarin is most commonly prescribed for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation and for long-term treatment of deep venous thrombosis, as discussed in the article by Ahktar and...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0701/p39.html

Anticoagulation in Older Adults - Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 15, 2020 - A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

American Family Physician : Lown Right Care: Reducing Overuse and Underuse

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p748.html

Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2019 - Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p426.html

Antidepressant Discontinuation Syndrome - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome occurs in approximately 20 percent of patients after abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant medication that was taken for at least six weeks. Typical symptoms of antidepressant discontinuation syndrome include flu-like symptoms, insomnia, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p449.html

Antidepressants and Psychological Therapies Are Effective for IBS - POEMs - American ...

Jan 15, 2015 - Antidepressants and psychological therapies are effective in treating the symptoms of IBS. This study, an update of a similar systematic review and meta-analysis completed five years ago, found the same level of effectiveness for both treatment approaches as the previous analysis, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p134.html

Antidepressants for Agitation and Psychosis in Patients with Dementia

...of evidence of increased risk of stroke and death.2-4 In 18 short-term ran- domized controlled trials, atypical antipsy- chotic medications used for the treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms were associ- ated with three times the risk of stroke and almost twice the risk of death...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/afp20120101p20.pdf

Antidepressants for Agitation and Psychosis in Patients with Dementia - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2012 - There are few high-quality studies examining the effectiveness of antidepressants for treating the neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. Although there is some evidence to support the use of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) sertraline (Zoloft) and citalopram ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0101/p20.html

Antihypertensive Treatment and CHD in the Elderly - Letters to the Editor - American ...

Sep 15, 1999 - ...1. SHEP Cooperative Research Group. Prevention of stroke by antihypertensive drug treatment in older persons with isolated systolic hypertension. Final results of the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). JAMA. 1991;265:3255–64.... 2. Hansson L, Zanchetti A,...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0915/p1102.html

Antioxidant Vitamins and the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease - American Family ...

Sep 1, 1999 - Clinical use of antioxidant vitamin supplementation may help to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies find lower CHD morbidity and mortality in persons who consume larger quantities of antioxidants in foods or supplements. Clinical trials indicate that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p895.html

Antiplatelet Agents for Preventing Early Recurrence of Ischemic Stroke or TIA - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - After atherothrombotic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, adding clopidogrel to aspirin reduced recurrent strokes but increased major hemorrhages.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/od1.html

Antiplatelet Therapy and Anticoagulation in Patients with Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2005 - Antiplatelet agents should not be used in patients with hypertension and no previous history of heart attack or stroke. However, these agents are recommended for use in hypertensive patients who already have vascular disease. Anticoagulants should not be used for prevention of vascular ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p897.html

Antiplatelet vs. Anticoagulation Therapy for Patients with Heart Failure in Sinus ...

Aug 1, 2017 - Heart failure increases the risk of thrombotic complications, but use of warfarin does not lower all-cause mortality more than aspirin in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction in sinus rhythm.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/p160.html

Antiretroviral Prophylaxis for Occupational Exposure to HIV - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Aug 1, 2007 - The literature shows that acarbose can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. However, it is unclear whether the drug stops or delays the development of the disease or masks the diagnosis. There is no evidence that ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p375.html

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment

...needed to provide sufficient LV diastolic fill- ing and to support adequate stroke volume.9 As aortic stenosis worsens, these adaptations become inadequate to overcome the outflow obstruction and maintain systolic function.10 Impaired systolic function, alone or com- bined with...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/afp20160301p371.pdf

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2016 - Aortic stenosis affects 3% of persons older than 65 years. Although survival in asymptomatic patients is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, it decreases rapidly after symptoms appear. During the asymptomatic latent period, left ventricular hypertrophy and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p371.html

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2008 - Aortic stenosis is the most important cardiac valve disease in developed countries, affecting 3 percent of persons older than 65 years. Although the survival rate in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, the average ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0915/p717.html

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation

...treat- ment because of serious bleeding, patients should be prescribed an alternative anti- coagulant to prevent an increased risk of stroke.3 Although apixaban has fewer drug inter- actions than warfarin, coadministration with antiplatelet agents, fibrinolytics, hepa- rin,...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/afp20140415p672.pdf

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

Apolipoprotein Measurement for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment

...than low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Elevated levels of apolipopro- tein A-I predict a lower risk of cardiovascu- lar events except stroke, but not as well as elevated HDL-C levels. Evidence Summary Apolipoproteins are structural components of lipoproteins and have a role in...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/afp20140415od2.pdf

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