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Evaluation and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Children - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1998 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections encountered by primary care physicians. Although UTIs do not occur with as great a frequency in children as in adults, they can be a source of significant morbidity in children. For reasons that are not yet ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1573.html

Interventions to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents - ...

Apr 15, 1999 - Certain modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease have their beginnings in childhood. Cigarette smoking, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, homocysteinemia and poor nutrition in childhood and adolescence may all contribute to the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2211.html

Recognition of Common Childhood Malignancies - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Although cancer has an annual incidence of only about 150 new cases per 1 million U.S. children, it is the second leading cause of childhood deaths. Early detection and prompt therapy have the potential to reduce mortality. Leukemias, lymphomas and central nervous system tumors account ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2144.html

Heart Murmurs in Pediatric Patients: When Do You Refer? - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - Many normal children have heart murmurs, but most children do not have heart disease. An appropriate history and a properly conducted physical examination can identify children at increased risk for significant heart disease. Pathologic causes of systolic murmurs include atrial and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p558.html

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - American Family Physician

May 15, 2009 - Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death among healthy infants, affecting 0.57 per 1,000 live births. The most easily modifiable risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome is sleeping position. To reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, parents should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p870.html

Turner Syndrome: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - Turner syndrome occurs in one out of every 2,500 to 3,000 live female births. The syndrome is characterized by the partial or complete absence of one X chromosome (45,X karyotype). Patients with Turner syndrome are at risk of congenital heart defects (e.g., coarctation of aorta, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p405.html

The AAP Practice Parameter on Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants and Young ...

Oct 15, 2000 - The Committee on Quality Improvement of the American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based practice parameter on the diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children, two months to two years of age. The practice...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1015/p1815.html

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Oct 15, 2017 - The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older, and offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight status.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1015/od4.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - Up to 7 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys will have a symptomatic, culture-confirmed urinary tract infection by six years of age. Urinary tract infection may be suspected because of urinary symptoms in older children or because of fever, nonspecific symptoms, or failure to thrive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2483.html

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jul 1, 2018 - Despite reported benefits associated with the use of hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis, we have chosen a yellow recommendation because the more recent trials and systematic reviews have shown either much smaller effect size or no benefit at all compared with the older trials. Learn more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p23.html

Acute Abdominal Pain in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - Acute abdominal pain in children presents a diagnostic dilemma. Although many cases of acute abdominal pain are benign, some require rapid diagnosis and treatment to minimize morbidity. Numerous disorders can cause abdominal pain. The most common medical cause is gastroenteritis, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2321.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

Childhood Obesity: Highlights of AMA Expert Committee Recommendations - American Family...

Jul 1, 2008 - Childhood obesity is an increasingly serious problem; 13.9 percent of children two to five years of age, 18.8 percent of children six to 11 years of age, and 17.4 percent of adolescents 12 to 19 years of age in America are obese. Practical strategies that primary care physicians can use...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p56.html

Reducing Tobacco Use in Adolescents - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2008 - After steadily decreasing since the late 1990s, adolescent smoking rates have stabilized at levels well above national goals. Experts recommend screening for tobacco use and exposure at every patient visit, although evidence of improved outcomes in adolescents is lacking. Counseling ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p483.html

Nutrition in Toddlers - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - Toddlers make a transition from dependent milk-fed infancy to independent feeding and a typical omnivorous diet. This stage is an important time for physicians to monitor growth using growth charts and body mass index and to make recommendations for healthy eating. Fat and cholesterol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1527.html

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement - ...

Dec 15, 2016 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for lipid disorders in children and adolescents 20 years or younger.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1215/od1.html

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is common in children. From 3 percent to 12 percent of children snore, while obstructive sleep apnea syndrome affects 1 percent to 10 percent of children. The majority of these children have mild symptoms, and many outgrow the condition. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1147.html

Preventive Health Counseling for Adolescents - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2006 - The leading causes of adolescent mortality are accidents (death from unintentional injury), homicide, and suicide. Additional morbidity is related to drug, tobacco, and alcohol use; risky sexual behaviors; poor nutrition; and inadequate physical activity. One third of adolescents engage...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1151.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Evaluation of Poststreptococcal Illness - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, scarlet fever, and rarely asymptomatic carrier states are associated with a number of poststreptococcal suppurative and nonsuppurative complications. As in streptococcal pharyngitis, acute rheumatic fever, pediatric autoimmune ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1949.html

What to Do at Well-Child Visits: The AAFP’s Perspective - Editorials - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2015 - Well-child visits provide the best opportunities to deliver evidence-based preventive services. Family physicians have limited time at these visits and therefore should prioritize preventive services that have strong evidence of net benefit.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0315/p362.html

AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice ...

Dec 15, 2014 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has updated its guidance on the use of palivizumab (Synagis) prophylaxis in infants and children at increased risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because the palivizumab package labeling does not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p867.html

Evaluating the Child with Purpura - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2001 - Purpura is the result of hemorrhage into the skin or mucosal membrane. It may represent a relatively benign condition or herald the presence of a serious underlying disorder. Purpura may be secondary to thrombocytopenia, platelet dysfunction, coagulation factor deficiency or vascular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p419.html

Viral Croup - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2004 - Viral croup is the most common form of airway obstruction in children six months to six years of age. The frightening nature of croup often prompts parents and caregivers to seek physician consultation. For children with mild croup, symptomatic care and mist therapy may be all that is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p535.html

Exercise-Related Syncope in the Young Athlete: Reassurance, Restriction or Referral? - ...

Nov 1, 1999 - A common event in young adults, syncope is usually benign and only rarely requires more than simple reassurance. However, exercise-related syncope always requires investigation because it may be the only symptom that precedes a sudden cardiac death. Syncope that occurs during exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2001.html

Evaluation and Treatment of ADHD - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are present in as many as 9 percent of school-age children. ADHD-specific questionnaires can help determine whether children meet diagnostic criteria for the disorder. The recommended evaluation also includes documenting the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p817.html

AAP Releases Guideline on Managing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients 10 to 18 Years ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Childhood type 2 diabetes poses a challenge to many physicians who are not used to treating this disease in such young patients. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a guideline of evidence-based recommendations for treating type 2 diabetes in patients 10 to 18 years of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p710.html

Headaches in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2002 - Headaches are common during childhood and become more common and increase in frequency during adolescence. The rational, cost-effective evaluation of children with headache begins with a careful history. The first step is to identify the temporal pattern of the headache--acute, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p625.html

Undetected Childhood Sexual Trauma and Its Health Effects in Adults - Curbside ...

Sep 1, 2013 - It is essential for physicians to understand the relevance of childhood sexual trauma to adult medical conditions. Recognizing this connection can help physicians begin to manage the resulting damage. Exposure to childhood sexual trauma is highly prevalent in the United States, but is ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p328.html

Prevention of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2002 - The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1217.html

Primary Care of Infants and Young Children with Down Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1999 - Down syndrome is caused by triplicate material of chromosome 21. The syndrome has a variable physical expression, but congenital cardiac defects, transient myelodysplasia of the newborn and duodenal atresia are highly specific for this chromosomal disorder. Routine health maintenance is...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0115/p381.html

NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in ...

Oct 15, 2012 - Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1015/p776.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Childhood Obesity - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has risen dramatically in the past several decades. Although 25 to 30 percent of children are affected, this condition is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Hormonal and genetic factors are rarely the cause of childhood obesity; ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p861.html

Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2012 - Overall, children up to 12 years of age benefited from school-based obesity prevention interventions; this effect was not demonstrated among adolescents 13 years and older. Although the overall effect size was small, interventions that promoted physical activity, alone or in combination...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p30.html

Care of the Premature Infant: Part I. Monitoring Growth and Development - American ...

May 1, 1998 - When monitoring growth and development in the premature infant, physicians should make adjustments for the estimated due date. With minor exceptions, administration of immunizations is based on the chronologic age. Administration of hepatitis B vaccine should be delayed until the infant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2123.html

Abuse of Over-the-Counter Medications Among Teenagers and Young Adults - Editorials - ...

Oct 1, 2011 - In recent years, recognition of over-the-counter (OTC) medication abuse by patients—especially teenagers and young adults—has increased.1 Abuse is defined as the use of a drug to experience psychoactive effects instead of for its medical indication. OTC medications are easily abused ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p745.html

Respiratory Indications for Polysomnography in Children - Practice Guidelines - ...

Feb 1, 2012 - Although assessment of sleep disorders in children relies on the history and physical examination, polysomnography (PSG) is sometimes used to aid in the diagnosis. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine has provided recommendations regarding the use of the test in children. This ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p290.html

Dietary Therapy for Children with Hypercholesterolemia - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2000 - Accumulating evidence clearly shows that atherosclerosis begins in youth. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has recommended that children at high risk of developing coronary artery disease as adults be screened so that those with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p675.html

Appropriate Use of Antibiotics for URIs in Children: Part II. Cough, Pharyngitis and ...

Oct 15, 1998 - This article summarizes the principles of judicious antimicrobial therapy for three of the five conditions--cough, pharyngitis, the common cold--that account for most of the outpatient use of these drugs in the United States. The principles governing the other two conditions, otitis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1335.html

The Child With ADHD: Using the AAP Clinical Practice Guideline - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - The American Academy of Pediatrics developed an evidence-based clinical practice guideline that provides recommendations for the assessment and diagnosis of school-aged children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This guideline, the first of two guidelines to provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1803.html

Office Care of the Premature Infant: Part II. Common Medical and Surgical Problems - ...

May 15, 1998 - Medical problems associated with prematurity are frequently complex, and a multidisciplinary approach is often required. Some common problems include the following: (1) anemia, which can be reduced by iron supplementation, (2) cerebral palsy or mental retardation as a result of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2383.html

AHA Releases Recommendations on Cardiovascular Monitoring and the Use of ADHD ...

May 15, 2009 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a scientific statement and recommendations about cardiovascular monitoring and the use of stimulants in children suspected or known to have heart disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p905.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

AAP Reports on Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia - Practice Guidelines...

Mar 1, 2011 - Iron is the most common single-nutrient deficiency among children in developing countries and is a common cause of anemia in industrialized nations. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on the diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p624.html

Hyperlipidemia Treatment in Children: The Younger, the Better - Editorials: ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Despite the absence of data in children demonstrating morbidity and mortality reduction by aggressive treatment of lipid disorders, the overwhelming data in adults (e.g., decreasing LDL cholesterol, improved morbidity and mortality) and evidence of atherosclerotic lesions developing in ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p460.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2010 - What are the effects of treatment for acute UTI in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence of UTI in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1115/p1252.html

AAP Clinical Report on Lipid Screening in Children - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Apr 15, 2009 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a clinical report in July 2008 that recommends lipid screening in children and adolescents with a fasting lipid profile, and focuses on improving childhood and adolescent lipid and lipoprotein concentrations to lower the lifetime risk of...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p703.html

Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia-Including Iron Supplementation for Children and ...

May 15, 2009 - Case study: H.H., a 25-year-old woman, comes to your office with her six-month-old son during her first trimester of pregnancy. She is taking a prenatal vitamin and asks whether she should also take an iron supplement. There is a family history of anemia, and H.H. would like to be tested.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p897.html

Stimulants, ADHD, and the Heart - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2009 - ...Next: Evaluation and Management of the Patient with Difficult-to-Control or Resistant Hypertension View the full table of contents >> Home / Journals / afp / Vol. 79/No. 10(May 15, 2009) / Editorials: Stimulants, ADHD, and the Heart...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p846.html

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