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hypertension

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Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2017 - Myocardial infarction (MI), a subset of acute coronary syndrome, is damage to the cardiac muscle as evidenced by elevated cardiac troponin levels in the setting of acute ischemia. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Chest pain is a common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p170.html

Acute Dyspnea in the Office - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2003 - Respiratory difficulty is a common presenting complaint in the outpatient primary care setting. Because patients may first seek care by calling their physician's office, telephone triage plays a role in the early management of dyspnea. Once the patient is in the office, the initial goal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1803.html

Acute Dyspnea in the Office - American Family Physician

...Edema, neck vein distension, S3 or S4 hepatojugular Congestive heart failure, reflux, murmurs, rales, hypertension, wheezing pulmonary edema Wheezing, friction rub, lower extremity swelling Pulmonary embolism Absent breath sounds, hyperresonance Pneumothorax Inspiratory...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/afp20031101p1803.pdf

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management

...Renal vein thrombosis, malignant hypertension, scleroderma renal crisis, renal atheroembolic disease,* and renal infarction Postrenal Extrarenal obstruction: prostate hypertrophy*; neurogenic bladder; retroperitoneal fibrosis; bladder, prostate, or cervical cancer...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/afp20121001p631.pdf

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p631.html

Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2019 - Acute kidney injury is a clinical syndrome characterized by a rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate and resultant accumulation of metabolic waste products. Acute kidney injury is associated with an increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular events, and progression to chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p687.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part I. Rate and Rhythm Control - American ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Atrial fibrillation is the arrhythmia most commonly encountered in family practice. Serious complications can include congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and thromboembolism. Initial treatment is directed at controlling the ventricular rate, most often with a calcium ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p249.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part I. Rate and Rhythm Control -- American ...

...the development of atrial fibril- lation include rheumatic mitral valve dis- ease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and hypertension. Noncar- diac conditions that can predispose patients to develop atrial fibrillation include hyperthyroidism, hypoxia, alco- hol...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/afp20020715p249.pdf

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Theomboembolic ...

...Although comorbid conditions such as hypertension and vascular disease are factors, the predominant cause of strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation is embolization of a clot from the left atrium. When evaluated using transesophageal echocardiography, up to 30 percent of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/afp20020715p261.pdf

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Thromboembolic ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Family physicians should be familiar with the acute management of atrial fibrillation and the initiation of chronic therapy for this common arrhythmia. Initial management should include hemodynamic stabilization, rate control, restoration of sinus rhythm, and initiation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p261.html

Acute Migraine Headache: Treatment Strategies - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2018 - Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent attacks. Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triptans, antiemetics, ergot alkaloids, and combination analgesics have evidence supporting their effectiveness in the treatment of migraine. Acetaminophen ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/p243.html

Acute Monoarthritis: Diagnosis in Adults - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Acute monoarthritis can be the initial manifestation of many joint disorders. The most common diagnoses in the primary care setting are osteoarthritis, gout, and trauma. It is important to understand the prevalence of specific etiologies and to use the appropriate diagnostic modalities....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p810.html

Acute Otitis Media in Children -- FPM

Jun 1, 2004 - The article presents an evidence-based approach to diagnosing and treating otitis media and provides an encounter form.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2004/0600/p52.html

Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Acute renal failure occurs in 5 percent of hospitalized patients. Etiologically, this common condition can be categorized as prerenal, intrinsic or postrenal. Most patients have prerenal acute renal failure or acute tubular necrosis (a type of intrinsic acute renal failure that is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2077.html

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a manifestation of acute injury to the lung, commonly resulting from sepsis, trauma, and severe pulmonary infections. Clinically, it is characterized by dyspnea, profound hypoxemia, decreased lung compliance, and diffuse bilateral infiltrates on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p315.html

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome is the clinical manifestation of severe, acute lung injury. It is characterized by the acute onset of diffuse, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates secondary to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, refractory hypoxia, and decreased lung compliance. Acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1823.html

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome -- American Family Physician

...illary hypertension.7 Exclusion of left atrial hypertension as the primary cause of hypox- emia is critical to this definition, and measure- ment of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure may be necessary. The distinction between ALI and ARDS is the degree of hypoxemia,7 defined by...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/afp20030115p315.pdf

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome -- American Family Physician

...of left atrial hypertension Bilateral infiltrates on chest radiography Acute lung injury is present if PaO2/FiO2 ratio is ≤ 300* Acute respiratory distress syndrome is present if PaO2/FiO2 ratio ≤ 200 ARDS = acute respiratory distress syndrome; PaO2 = partial pressure of arterial...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/afp20020501p1823.pdf

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Diagnosis and Management

...fron­ tal chest radiograph; and pulmonary artery wedge pressure of 18 mm Hg or less when measured, or no clinical evidence of left atrial hypertension.1 Acute lung injury is a slightly less severe syndrome character­ ized by less profound hypoxemia but oth­ erwise similar diagnostic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/afp20120215p352.pdf

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2012 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome manifests as rapidly progressive dyspnea, tachypnea, and hypoxemia. Diagnostic criteria include acute onset, profound hypoxemia, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and the absence of left atrial hypertension. Acute respiratory distress syndrome is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p352.html

Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults

...Palpitations, transient hypertension, headache, dizziness, tremor, insomnia, gastric irritation; urinary retention may occur in patients with prostatic hypertrophy Available over the counter Available behind the counter in most states Topical decongestants Naphazoline...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/afp20110501p1057.pdf

Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions for which patients seek medical care. Subtypes of rhinosinusitis include acute, subacute, recurrent acute, and chronic. Acute rhinosinusitis is further specified as bacterial or viral. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1057.html

Acute Sharp Flank Pain - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - A patient presented with stiffness and pain in his lower back and both thighs and an abnormal CT scan.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p201.html

Acute Sinusitis: A Cost Effective Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family...

Nov 15, 1998 - Acute bacterial sinusitis usually occurs following an upper respiratory infection that results in obstruction of the osteomeatal complex, impaired mucociliary clearance and overproduction of secretions. The diagnosis is based on the patient's history of a biphasic illness (

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1795.html

Acutely Swollen Tongue in a Middle-Aged Woman

...swelling about three hours earlier, and mild respiratory distress devel- oped during the hour before presentation. She had a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, seizure disorder, and moderate mental retardation. She was taking aspirin, lisinopril (Zestril), metformin...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/afp20100801p279.pdf

Acutely Swollen Tongue in a Middle-Aged Woman - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p279.html

ADA Releases Revisions to Recommendations for Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - ...

Mar 1, 2012 - Caring for patients with diabetes mellitus requires addressing many issues beyond glycemic control. To help physicians provide optimal care for these patients, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) releases annual revisions to its clinical practice recommendations for standards of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p514.html

ADA Releases Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes - Practice Guidelines...

Sep 1, 2006 - The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has published a position statement containing evidence-based recommendations for diabetes care, treatment goals, and tools to evaluate the quality of care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p871.html

ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes

...and most women older than 60 years with at least one addi- tional major risk factor (i.e., family history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, smok- ing, dyslipidemia, or albuminuria). There is insufficient evidence to recommend aspirin therapy as a primary prevention strategy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/afp20100715p206.pdf

ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - ...

Jul 15, 2010 - The 2010 American Diabetes Association's (ADA) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes includes revisions based on new evidence. Several sections have undergone major changes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p206.html

ADA Updates Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - Practice ...

Jan 1, 2017 - The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recently updated its standards of care to provide the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals, and tools to evaluate the quality of care. Key changes in the 2016 update include new screening recommendations, clarification of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p40.html

ADA Updates Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes Mellitus

January 1, 2017: Practice Guidelines

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/afp20170101p40.pdf

Adding ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Standard Therapy for Stable Ischemic Heart Disease

...converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), and direct renin inhibitors for treating essential hypertension: an update. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2011. http://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/ehc/...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/afp20120701p21.pdf

Adding Health Education Specialists to Your Practice -- FPM

Apr 1, 2014 - These multifaceted employees can improve patient care, generate additional net revenue, and prepare your practice for the future.

Family Practice Management : Articles

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2014/0300/p10.html

Adding Sitagliptin Does Not Reduce or Increase the Risk of Cardiovascular Outcomes - ...

Dec 1, 2015 - The glass half full is that sitagliptin does not increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. The glass half empty is that it does not reduce the risk, either. And that is the important message: In patients with a mean glycated hemoglobin level of 7.2%, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p1020a.html

Additional Side Effects of ACE Inhibitors - Letters to the Editor - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2002 - ...Division of Hypertension Mayo Clinic 200 1st SW Rochester, MN 55905 Send letters to afplet@aafp.org, or 11400 Tomahawk Creek Pkwy., Leawood, KS 66211-2680. Include your complete address, e-mail address, and telephone number. Letters should be fewer than 400 words and limited to...

American Family Physician : Letter

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2048.html

Addressing Alcohol Use Practice Manual

...disease, diabetes, hypertension, liver disease) • Follow-up visits after hospitalization for an alcohol- related illness • A recent health scare A major component of any conversation should be assessment of patients’ attitudes toward and readiness to change. As you...

Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/dam/AAFP/documents/patient_care/alcohol/alcohol-manual.pdf

Adult ADHD: Evaluation and Treatment in Family Medicine - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 30 to 50 percent of adults who had ADHD in childhood. Accurate diagnosis of ADHD in adults is challenging and requires attention to early development and symptoms of inattention, distractibility, impulsivity and emotional lability....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2077.html

Adult Hypertension Treatment Algorithm

...ADULT HYPERTENSION TREATMENT ALGORITHM Basic • H and P • BMP • Urinalysis • Micro-albumin If ACE intolerant If not in control If not in control Beta blocker metoprolol succinate ER 25 mg X 1 daily 50 mg X 1 daily 100 mg X 1 daily (Keep heart...

Family Practice Management

https://www.aafp.org/fpm/2016/0500/fpm20160500p23-rt1.pdf

Adult Medicine Online CME Course | AAFP

Improve adult patient outcomes with the latest prevention and screening recommendations and disease management with AAFP's internal medicine course. Earn 25.5 CME credits.

CME : All CME Products

https://www.aafp.org/cme/all/adult-medicine/self-study.html

Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) | AAFP

AAFP's Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) is an evidence-based multidisciplinary training program that prepares maternity health care providers to better manage obstetric emergencies.

CME : Programs

https://www.aafp.org/cme/programs/also.html

Advances in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 1998 - Management of the most common type of dementia--Alzheimer's disease--is becoming increasingly sophisticated. Differentiation of Alzheimer's disease from vascular dementia has become therapeutically important, since the choice of treatments depends on the diagnosis. Two cholinesterase ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1101/p1577.html

Adverse Drug Reactions: Types and Treatment Options - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2003 - Drug hypersensitivity results from interactions between a pharmacologic agent and the human immune system. These types of reactions constitute only a small subset of all adverse drug reactions. Allergic reactions to medications represent a specific class of drug hypersensitivity ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1781.html

Adverse Drug Reactions: Types and Treatment Options - American Family Physician

...is no evidence that sensitivity to seafood or iodine is predictive of RCM reactions. †-May be withheld in patients with unstable angina, hypertension, arrhythmias, or other contra- indications. Adapted with permission from Greenberger PA, Pat- terson R. The prevention of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/afp20031101p1781.pdf

AFP

American Family Physician is the AAFP's editorially independent, peer-reviewed and evidence-based clinical journal.

American Family Physician : American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/journals/afp.html

AFP 2019: New Fellow, New Features, Top 20 Articles of 2018, and AFP Statistics - ...

May 1, 2019 - An overview of the past year and announcement of new features.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p538.html

AFP 2021: Updates, New Fellow, Top 20 Articles, AFP Statistics, and Thanking Peer ...

Jun 15, 2021 - American Family Physician (AFP) continues its annual tradition of updating our readers on changes in the journal, welcoming new members to our editing team, highlighting the top 20 articles from the prior year, sharing print circulation and website statistics, and thanking our peer ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0615/p716.html

AFP Apps

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American Family Physician : American Family Physician

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AFP by Email

Sign up to receive email notifications with the most recent table of contents for AFP.

American Family Physician : American Family Physician

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AFP By Topic - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2021 - Editors' Choice of Best Available Content

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewAll.htm

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