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hypertension

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Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation for Maintaining Cognitive Functioning in ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - Vitamin and mineral supplementation has little to no beneficial effect on preserving cognitive functioning or preventing dementia in cognitively healthy adults 40 years and older.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p272.html

Positional Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jan 1, 2020 - Positional therapy for OSA reduces scores on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale compared with no treatment. Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves AHI scores more than positional therapy, patients seem to better tolerate positional therapy ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p16.html

Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors vs. Other Antihypertensive Drug Classes for ... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 1, 2019 - RAS inhibitors, which include angiotensin receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and renin inhibitors, should not be used as first-line agents.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p540.html

Effectiveness and Safety of Factor Xa Inhibitors in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Oct 1, 2019 - Treatment of AFib with a factor Xa inhibitor results in a decrease in the combined end point of stroke and embolic events (odds ratio [OR] = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.97), as well as a decrease in intracranial hemorrhage (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.59) and all-cause mortality (OR = ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p405.html

Noninvasive Diagnostic Tests for Helicobacter pylori Infection - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2019 - When compared with serology or stool antigen tests, the urea breath test has the highest diagnostic accuracy to identify H. pylori infection in patients without a history of gastrectomy or recent use of antibiotics or proton pump inhibitors.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0701/p16.html

Different Durations of Corticosteroid Therapy for COPD Exacerbations - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2019 - Treatment of acute exacerbations of COPD with a shorter course of systemic corticosteroids (seven or fewer days) is likely to be as effective and safe as treating with longer courses (more than seven days).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0301/p295.html

Pharmacologic Interventions for Apathy in Patients with Alzheimer Disease - Cochrane ...

Jan 1, 2019 - Methylphenidate may improve apathy in select patients with AD (mean difference [MD] = –4.99 on the apathy evaluation scale; 95% confidence interval [CI], –9.55 to –0.43), although the clinical significance associated with these findings remains unclear and the evidence is considered low...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p14.html

Blood Pressure Targets for Patients with Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease - ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Achieving a target BP of 135/85 mm Hg or less does not decrease the risk of total cardiovascular events vs. treating to a target of 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. Further, treating to the lower BP target does not improve total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, or serious adverse effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p276.html

Effects of Altered Dietary Salt Intake in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease - ...

Apr 1, 2017 - Reducing salt intake lowers blood pressure and reduces proteinuria in patients with CKD, but there is no evidence to determine whether lowering salt consumption leads to clinically significant reductions in end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular events, or all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0401/p423.html

Influenza Vaccination for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2016 - Influenza vaccination may reduce cardiovascular mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The effect of vaccination is unclear among patients in the general population without known cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p357.html

ACE Inhibitors vs. ARBs for Primary Hypertension - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Apr 15, 2015 - ACE inhibitors and ARBs have similar effects on cardiovascular outcomes and total mortality in head-to-head trials. However, slightly more adverse effects were noted in patients assigned to ACE inhibitor therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p522.html

General Health Checks for Reducing Morbidity and Mortality - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2013 - Although general health checks increase the number of new diagnoses, they do not decrease total, cardiovascular-related, or cancer-related morbidity or mortality. The studies in this Cochrane review have limited applicability to the current recommended practice of providing selective, ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/p432.html

Weight Loss for Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2012 - There are insufficient high-quality studies to determine patient-oriented outcomes of weight loss for the treatment of fatty liver disease. Nonetheless, weight loss remains a reasonable goal because it may reduce liver inflammation and improve comorbidities. In two of the studies ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p415.html

Statins for Primary Cardiovascular Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Oct 1, 2011 - Trials to date have found that statins reduce all-cause mortality, composite cardiovascular outcomes, and revascularization. However, most trials included large numbers of persons with known CVD. Clear evidence of the effectiveness of statins to prevent a first cardiovascular event is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p767.html

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