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hypertension

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Identification and Management of Peripartum Depression - American Family Physician

May 15, 2016 - Peripartum depression affects up to one in seven women and is associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity if untreated. A history of depression is the strongest risk factor for developing peripartum depression. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0515/p852.html

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults: Part 1. Definition, ...

Sep 1, 2004 - In February 2002, the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative of the National Kidney Foundation published clinical practice guidelines on chronic kidney disease. The first six of the 15 guidelines are of the greatest relevance to family physicians. Part I of this two-part article ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p869.html

Health Maintenance in Postmenopausal Women - American Family Physician

May 1, 2017 - Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman’s 10-year risk of atherosclerotic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p561.html

Pituitary Adenomas: An Overview - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2013 - Prolactinomas and nonfunctioning adenomas are the most common types of pituitary adenomas. Patients with pituitary adenomas may present initially with symptoms of endocrine dysfunction such as infertility, decreased libido, and galactorrhea, or with neurologic symptoms such as headache ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0901/p319.html

Parathyroid Disorders - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Disorders of the parathyroid glands most commonly present with abnormalities of serum calcium. Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, the most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients, are often asymptomatic or may have bone disease, nephrolithiasis, or neuromuscular symptoms. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p249.html

Recognition and Management of Vitamin D Deficiency - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2009 - Vitamin D deficiency affects persons of all ages. Common manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are symmetric low back pain, proximal muscle weakness, muscle aches, and throbbing bone pain elicited with pressure over the sternum or tibia. A 25-hydroxyvitamin D level should be obtained ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1015/p841.html

Common Questions About the Pharmacologic Management of Depression in Adults - American ...

Jul 15, 2015 - One in 11 U.S. adults currently meets diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder, and a similar number report that they have taken an antidepressant medication in the past 30 days. In the primary care population, medications are modestly superior to placebo in achieving ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0715/p94.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Venous Ulcers - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2010 - Venous ulcer, also known as stasis ulcer, is the most common etiology of lower extremity ulceration, affecting approximately 1 percent of the U.S. population. Possible causes of venous ulcers include inflammatory processes resulting in leukocyte activation, endothelial damage, platelet ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0415/p989.html

Vision Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Vision loss affects 37 million Americans older than 50 years and one in four who are older than 80 years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity in adults...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p219.html

Drug Treatments for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2009 - Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition present in approximately 5 to 10 percent of women of childbearing age. Diagnosis can be difficult because the signs and symptoms can be subtle and varied. These may include hirsutism, infertility, menstrual irregularities, and biochemical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p671.html

Top POEMs of 2016 Consistent with the Principles of the Choosing Wisely Campaign - ...

Aug 15, 2017 - A challenge in the Choosing Wisely campaign is to identify low-value clinical actions supported by high-quality evidence. We applied a method based on crowdsourcing the Daily POEM (patient-oriented evidence that matters) to identify low-value clinical actions from research studies ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p234.html

Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Practical Approach - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2015 - Sexual dysfunction in women is a common and often distressing problem that has a negative impact on quality of life and medication compliance. The problem is often multifactorial, necessitating a multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment approach that addresses biological, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p281.html

Stroke: Strategies for Primary Prevention - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. Primary prevention of stroke includes lifestyle modifications and measures to control blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, and atrial fibrillation. Lowering blood pressure in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2379.html

Initial Management of Patients with HIV Infection - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2016 - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a treatable chronic disease with near-normal life expectancy when patients receive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Family physicians and other primary care clinicians commonly provide long-term comprehensive care for persons with HIV...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p708.html

Treatment of Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: the GOLD Guidelines - ...

Nov 15, 2013 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common problem in primary care. COPD is diagnosed with spirometry only in clinically stable patients with a postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity ratio of less than 0.70. All patients with COPD ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p655.html

Which Diuretic Should Be Used for the Treatment of Hypertension? - Editorials - ...

Aug 15, 2008 - ...Be Used for the Treatment of Hypertension? MOHAMMAD G. SAKLAYEN, MD, Boonshoft School of Medicine at Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio Am Fam Physician. 2008 Aug 15;78(4):444-446. Thiazide diuretics are underused in the treatment of hypertension, despite their proven...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p444.html

Screening for Glaucoma - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2014 - A 55-year-old black woman presents to your office for a routine well-woman examination. Her medical history is significant for hypertension, which is well controlled with medication. She mentions that her mother was diagnosed with glaucoma a few years ago and is currently undergoing ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p569.html

Sleep Disorders in Children - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2017 - ...Hypertension Musculoskeletal Care Respiratory Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections/Dysuria Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Sign Up Now Legend Algorithm Point of Care Resource...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=84

Preoperative Care of Patients with Kidney Disease - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - Patients with chronic kidney disease often require surgical interventions for vascular access and for medical problems related to comorbid conditions. Perioperative morbidity and mortality rates are increased in these patients. Preoperative attention to common medical problems that ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1471.html

Intensive Blood Pressure Control: Too Close for Comfort?

New research suggests that in older patients with hypertension, aggressively treating blood pressure levels may significantly increase the risk of falls and fainting.

AAFP News : Patient Care

https://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20180912htntxfalls.html

Key Recommendations on Managing Dyslipidemia for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction: ...

Apr 15, 2021 - In June 2020, the third iteration of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense guidelines on managing dyslipidemia was published. These recommendations create a simple, pragmatic, evidence-based approach that can be valuable to family physicians.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0415/p455.html

Treatment of Adult Obesity with Bariatric Surgery - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2016 - In 2013, approximately 179,000 bariatric surgery procedures were performed in the United States, including the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (42.1%), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (34.2%), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (14.0%). Choice of procedure depends on the medical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p31.html

Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines Update - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - Hypercholesterolemia is one of the major contributors to atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease in our society. The National Cholesterol Education Program of the National Institutes of Health has created a set of guidelines that standardize the clinical assessment and management of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p871.html

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2009 - Excessive daytime sleepiness is one of the most common sleep-related patient symptoms, and it affects an estimated 20 percent of the population. Persons with excessive daytime sleepiness are at risk of motor vehicle and work-related incidents, and have poorer health than comparable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p391.html

Behavioral Disorders in Dementia: Appropriate Nondrug Interventions and Antipsychotic ...

Aug 15, 2016 - Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia pose management challenges for caregivers and clinicians. Firstline nonpharmacologic treatments include eliminating physical and emotional stressors, modifying the patient’s environment, and establishing daily routines. Family members ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p276.html

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