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hypertension

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Acute Dyspnea in the Office - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2003 - Respiratory difficulty is a common presenting complaint in the outpatient primary care setting. Because patients may first seek care by calling their physician's office, telephone triage plays a role in the early management of dyspnea. Once the patient is in the office, the initial goal...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/p1803.html

Acute Dyspnea in the Office - American Family Physician

...Edema, neck vein distension, S3 or S4 hepatojugular Congestive heart failure, reflux, murmurs, rales, hypertension, wheezing pulmonary edema Wheezing, friction rub, lower extremity swelling Pulmonary embolism Absent breath sounds, hyperresonance Pneumothorax Inspiratory...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1101/afp20031101p1803.pdf

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management

...Renal vein thrombosis, malignant hypertension, scleroderma renal crisis, renal atheroembolic disease,* and renal infarction Postrenal Extrarenal obstruction: prostate hypertrophy*; neurogenic bladder; retroperitoneal fibrosis; bladder, prostate, or cervical cancer...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/afp20121001p631.pdf

Acute Kidney Injury: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p631.html

Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2019 - Acute kidney injury is a clinical syndrome characterized by a rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate and resultant accumulation of metabolic waste products. Acute kidney injury is associated with an increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular events, and progression to chronic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p687.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part I. Rate and Rhythm Control - American ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Atrial fibrillation is the arrhythmia most commonly encountered in family practice. Serious complications can include congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and thromboembolism. Initial treatment is directed at controlling the ventricular rate, most often with a calcium ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p249.html

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part I. Rate and Rhythm Control -- American ...

...the development of atrial fibril- lation include rheumatic mitral valve dis- ease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and hypertension. Noncar- diac conditions that can predispose patients to develop atrial fibrillation include hyperthyroidism, hypoxia, alco- hol...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/afp20020715p249.pdf

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Theomboembolic ...

...Although comorbid conditions such as hypertension and vascular disease are factors, the predominant cause of strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation is embolization of a clot from the left atrium. When evaluated using transesophageal echocardiography, up to 30 percent of...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/afp20020715p261.pdf

Acute Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Part II. Prevention of Thromboembolic ...

Jul 15, 2002 - Family physicians should be familiar with the acute management of atrial fibrillation and the initiation of chronic therapy for this common arrhythmia. Initial management should include hemodynamic stabilization, rate control, restoration of sinus rhythm, and initiation of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p261.html

Acute Migraine Headache: Treatment Strategies - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2018 - Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent attacks. Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triptans, antiemetics, ergot alkaloids, and combination analgesics have evidence supporting their effectiveness in the treatment of migraine. Acetaminophen ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/p243.html

Acute Monoarthritis: Diagnosis in Adults - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2016 - Acute monoarthritis can be the initial manifestation of many joint disorders. The most common diagnoses in the primary care setting are osteoarthritis, gout, and trauma. It is important to understand the prevalence of specific etiologies and to use the appropriate diagnostic modalities....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1115/p810.html

Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - Acute renal failure occurs in 5 percent of hospitalized patients. Etiologically, this common condition can be categorized as prerenal, intrinsic or postrenal. Most patients have prerenal acute renal failure or acute tubular necrosis (a type of intrinsic acute renal failure that is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2077.html

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2003 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a manifestation of acute injury to the lung, commonly resulting from sepsis, trauma, and severe pulmonary infections. Clinically, it is characterized by dyspnea, profound hypoxemia, decreased lung compliance, and diffuse bilateral infiltrates on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0115/p315.html

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome is the clinical manifestation of severe, acute lung injury. It is characterized by the acute onset of diffuse, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates secondary to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, refractory hypoxia, and decreased lung compliance. Acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1823.html

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Diagnosis and Management

...fron­ tal chest radiograph; and pulmonary artery wedge pressure of 18 mm Hg or less when measured, or no clinical evidence of left atrial hypertension.1 Acute lung injury is a slightly less severe syndrome character­ ized by less profound hypoxemia but oth­ erwise similar diagnostic...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/afp20120215p352.pdf

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2012 - Acute respiratory distress syndrome manifests as rapidly progressive dyspnea, tachypnea, and hypoxemia. Diagnostic criteria include acute onset, profound hypoxemia, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and the absence of left atrial hypertension. Acute respiratory distress syndrome is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0215/p352.html

Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults

...Palpitations, transient hypertension, headache, dizziness, tremor, insomnia, gastric irritation; urinary retention may occur in patients with prostatic hypertrophy Available over the counter Available behind the counter in most states Topical decongestants Naphazoline...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/afp20110501p1057.pdf

Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions for which patients seek medical care. Subtypes of rhinosinusitis include acute, subacute, recurrent acute, and chronic. Acute rhinosinusitis is further specified as bacterial or viral. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1057.html

Acute Sinusitis: A Cost Effective Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family...

Nov 15, 1998 - Acute bacterial sinusitis usually occurs following an upper respiratory infection that results in obstruction of the osteomeatal complex, impaired mucociliary clearance and overproduction of secretions. The diagnosis is based on the patient's history of a biphasic illness (

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1115/p1795.html

Acutely Swollen Tongue in a Middle-Aged Woman

...swelling about three hours earlier, and mild respiratory distress devel- oped during the hour before presentation. She had a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, seizure disorder, and moderate mental retardation. She was taking aspirin, lisinopril (Zestril), metformin...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/afp20100801p279.pdf

Acutely Swollen Tongue in a Middle-Aged Woman - Photo Quiz - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2010 - Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.

American Family Physician : Photo Quiz

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p279.html

ADA Releases Revisions to Recommendations for Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - ...

Mar 1, 2012 - Caring for patients with diabetes mellitus requires addressing many issues beyond glycemic control. To help physicians provide optimal care for these patients, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) releases annual revisions to its clinical practice recommendations for standards of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p514.html

ADA Releases Standards of Medical Care for Patients with Diabetes - Practice Guidelines...

Sep 1, 2006 - The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has published a position statement containing evidence-based recommendations for diabetes care, treatment goals, and tools to evaluate the quality of care.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p871.html

ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes

...and most women older than 60 years with at least one addi- tional major risk factor (i.e., family history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, smok- ing, dyslipidemia, or albuminuria). There is insufficient evidence to recommend aspirin therapy as a primary prevention strategy...

American Family Physician

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/afp20100715p206.pdf

ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - ...

Jul 15, 2010 - The 2010 American Diabetes Association's (ADA) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes includes revisions based on new evidence. Several sections have undergone major changes.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p206.html

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