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Lasmiditan (Reyvow) for the Treatment of Acute Migraine - STEPS - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 15, 2020 - Lasmiditan is a costly alternative to other more extensively studied medications for acute migraine. It should be reserved for those patients who lack relief with other available agents or who cannot tolerate other abortive medications.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1215/p756.html

Latent Tuberculosis Infection: The Physician's Role in Tuberculosis Control - ...

May 15, 2009 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 2009 Issue Editorials Latent Tuberculosis Infection: The Physician's Role in Tuberculosis Control FERN R. HAUCK, MD, MS, and AMIESHA S. PANCHAL, MD, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia Am Fam...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0515/p845.html

Laxatives for Hemorrhoids? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2006 - Fiber has a consistent beneficial effect in the treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids for up to three months' follow-up as measured by overall symptoms and bleeding.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0801/p413.html

Laxatives for the Management of Childhood Constipation - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2017 - Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is superior to placebo (mean difference [MD] = 2.61 more stools per week; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15 to 4.08), lactulose (MD = 0.70; 95% CI, 0.10 to 1.31), and milk of magnesia (MD = 0.69; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.89) at increasing the number of bowel ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p433.html

Lefamulin (Xenleta) for the Treatment of Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia - STEPS... Restricted content. Login required.

Sep 15, 2020 - Lefamulin may be considered for patients hospitalized with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0915/p373.html

Lemborexant (Dayvigo) for the Treatment of Insomnia - STEPS - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

Feb 15, 2021 - Lemborexant (Davigo) is labeled for adults with insomnia to improve with sleep onset and maintenance.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0215/p241.html

Lending a Hand to Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Simple Way to Communicate Treatment ...

Feb 15, 2014 - A new approach to the care of adults with type 2 diabetes emphasizes proven interventions that improve duration and quality of life.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p256.html

Lesinurad (Zurampic) for Gout - STEPS - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2018 - Lesinurad taken in addition to a xanthine oxidase inhibitor reduces serum uric acid levels. However, it does not reduce the likelihood of experiencing a gout flare-up or completely resolving tophi.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0315/p374.html

Lessons from Torcetrapib: Putting Patient-Oriented Evidence First - Editorials - ...

Mar 1, 2008 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Mar 1, 2008 Issue Editorials Lessons from Torcetrapib: Putting Patient-Oriented Evidence First ROBERT M. EWART, MD, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois Am Fam Physician. 2008 Mar 1;77(5):597-598. The...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0301/p597.html

Let Quitlines Assist You in Helping More Smokers Quit - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2011 - Despite significant advances in pharmacotherapy and counseling techniques, tobacco use remains the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for 443,000 premature deaths annually. Family physicians are in an ideal position to influence cessation rates because more than 70 ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p162.html

Let's Treat Obesity Seriously - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 15, 2010 Issue Editorials Let's Treat Obesity Seriously GEORGE A. BRAY, MD, MACP, MACE, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana Am Fam Physician. 2010 Jun 15;81(12):1406-1408. Related Article Patients who...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1406.html

Leukotriene Inhibitors in the Treatment of Allergy and Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Leukotriene inhibitors are the first new class of medications for the treatment of persistent asthma that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than two decades. They also have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Prescriptions of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p65.html

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists for the Treatment of Allergic Skin Disorders - FPIN's ...

Jul 1, 2008 - Evidence from small trials suggests that leukotriene receptor antagonists may have short-term effectiveness in reducing sleep disturbance and the observed intensity of atopic dermatitis in adults and children.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p112.html

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Acute Asthma - Medicine by the ...

Apr 1, 2016 - Studies show there were no patient-important benefits and no hospital admissions were prevented. Want to know more?

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p552.html

Levalbuterol Tartrate (Xopenex HFA) for the Treatment of Bronchospasm - STEPS - ...

Jan 15, 2007 - Levalbuterol tartrate appears to be no more effective and offers no improvement in the side-effect profile compared with albuterol. The higher cost may make it appropriate for only a limited group of patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p247.html

Levomilnacipran (Fetzima) for Major Depressive Disorder - STEPS - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2015 - Levomilnacipran should not be used in patients with mild to moderate depression until studies have proven its effectiveness. It is somewhat effective in patients with moderate to severe depression. The short-term adverse effect profile of levomilnacipran is similar to that of other SNRIs.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1015/p727.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System (Mirena) for Contraception - STEPS - ...

May 15, 2006 - The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is a reliable, reversible, low-maintenance method of long-term contraception. Rates of failure are similar to those of female sterilization, and the risk of expulsion is minimal for most users.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1799.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Reducing Heavy Menstrual Bleeding - ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is more effective than other medical therapies at reducing menstrual bleeding volume, with similar rates of adverse effects. The effectiveness of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system compared with endometrial ablation and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0800/p138.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Regression of Endometrial Hyperplasia ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - A Cochrane review compared the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system with progesterone for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p26.html

Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System vs. Oral Progestins for Treatment of ...

Jun 1, 2016 - The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system achieves significantly higher resolution rates of endometrial hyperplasia without atypia compared with cyclic oral progestins (68% to 100% vs. 48% to 69%, respectively).

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p948.html

Levonorgestrel/Ethinyl Estradiol (Lybrel) for Continuous Contraception - STEPS - ...

Jan 15, 2008 - Lybrel appears to be as safe and effective as other combined oral contraceptives; however, at this time, there is little published data about this specific product. Other combined monophasic oral contraceptives, some of which cost less than Lybrel, can be used continuously and have been...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p222.html

Liberal vs. Conservative Oxygen Therapy in the Acutely Ill - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Jan 1, 2019 - This review compares liberal and conservative oxygen therapy in acutely ill adults and their effect on mortality (in-hospital, 30-day, and longest follow-up) and morbidity (disability at longest follow-up, risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia, any hospital-acquired infection, and length ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/od1.html

Lice and Scabies: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2019 - Pediculosis and scabies are caused by ectoparasites. Pruritus is the most common presenting symptom. Head and pubic lice infestations are diagnosed with visualization of live lice. Nits (lice eggs or egg casings) alone are not sufficient to diagnose a current infestation. A no-nit ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p635.html

Life Beyond Breast Cancer - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2010 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2010 Issue Editorials Life Beyond Breast Cancer AMBER L. ISLEY, MD, Jacksonville, Florida. DAWN MUSSALLEM-BUSS, MD, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Jun 1;81(11):1330-1332. Related Article As family...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1330.html

Lifitegrast Ophthalmic Solution 5% (Xiidra) for Dry Eye Disease - STEPS - American ...

Jul 15, 2018 - Studies have shown that lifitegrast will reduce the symptoms of dry eye disease in some patients, although the benefit is borderline clinically significant. It is much more expensive than over-the-counter ointments, artificial tears, and lubricant eye drops.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0715/p119.html

Light Therapy Improves Behavioral Disturbances, Sleep, Depression in Older Patients ...

Feb 15, 2018 - In this meta-analysis, older patients with cognitive impairment who were exposed to light therapy had moderate improvements in behavioral disturbances, small improvements in sleep quality, and moderate improvements in depression. The authors did not report data on responders vs. ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/od2.html

Limited Data: Deprescribing is Safe, But at the Risk of Symptom Recurrence - POEMs - ...

May 15, 2019 - The limited rigorous data on deprescribing suggest that many patients can safely stop unnecessary medication, but symptom relapse is significant.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/od2.html

Linagliptin (Tradjenta) for the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American ...

Dec 15, 2012 - Linagliptin reduces A1C levels to a lesser extent than first-line therapy (metformin) and is significantly more expensive than metformin and sulfonylureas. Importantly, its ability to affect diabetes-related morbidity and mortality is not known.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1144.html

Linagliptin and Glimepiride Equally Effective for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2020 - This study found that linagliptin is noninferior to glimepiride for reducing the risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke in adults with type 2 diabetes at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0301/p309a.html

Linezolid: Its Role in the Treatment of Gram-Positive, Drug-Resistant Bacterial ...

Feb 15, 2002 - While the choices available for the management of gram-positive, drug-resistant bacterial infections are becoming limited, antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly problematic because of the widespread overuse of antibiotics. Linezolid is a synthetic antibiotic belonging to a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p663.html

Linking the Hospital and the Office in Cardiovascular Secondary Prevention - Editorials...

Feb 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 1, 2005 Issue Editorials Linking the Hospital and the Office in Cardiovascular Secondary Prevention KENNETH A. LABRESH, M.D., MassPRO, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts PATRICIA A. TYLER, R.N., C.C.R.N., American Heart Association...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p430.html

Lipid Lowering Is Beneficial for Secondary Prevention but Not Primary Prevention in ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jun 1, 2021 - Does lipid lowering reduce major vascular events in patients 75 years and older?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0601/p695a.html

Lipoma Excision - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - Lipomas are adipose tumors that are often located in the subcutaneous tissues of the head, neck, shoulders, and back. Lipomas have been identified in all age groups but usually first appear between 40 and 60 years of age. These slow-growing, nearly always benign, tumors usually present ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p901.html

Liraglutide (Saxenda) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2016 - Liraglutide, combined with lifestyle counseling, produces a clinically significant and sustained weight loss that continues as long as it is used. Nausea and vomiting, however, are common adverse effects, and about one in 10 patients will discontinue treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p161.html

Lithium for Acute Mania - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician Restricted content. Login required.

May 1, 2020 - Lithium is more effective at inducing a reduction of at least 50% on the validated Young Mania Rating Scale compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 6; 95% CI, 5 to 8; six studies; n = 1,707).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p528.html

Lixisenatide (Adlyxin) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2017 - ixisenatide is an easy-to-use, once-daily injectable therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults. It is at least as effective as exenatide at reducing A1C and body weight, with similar rates of gastrointestinal adverse effects.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p257.html

Local Anesthesia for IUD Insertion or Endometrial Biopsy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Dec 1, 2017 - Topical application of lidocaine/prilocaine cream to the cervix reduces mean pain scores during IUD insertion. Intrauterine instillation of liquid anesthesia reduces median pain scores during endometrial biopsy.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1201/od3.html

Localized Prostate Cancer: Treatment Options - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2018 - In the United States, prostate cancer will be diagnosed in one out of seven men in his lifetime. Most cases are localized, and only one in 39 men will die from the disease. Prostate cancer is most often detected using serum prostate-specific antigen testing. The National Comprehensive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0615/p798.html

Lofexidine (Lucemyra) for Treatment of Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms - STEPS - American ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Lofexidine has been shown to be as effective as clonidine at controlling some of the symptoms of withdrawal from opioid use. It may have a small additional benefit for maintaining abstinence in patients switched to buprenorphine or methadone for long-term maintenance.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/p392.html

Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists plus Inhaled Steroids is Equal to Long-Acting ...

Oct 15, 2018 - Long-acting muscarinic antagonists added to inhaled corticosteroids are a superior treatment to placebo for improving asthma control in adults and children 12 years or older. Long-acting muscarinic antagonist add-on therapy is not superior to long-acting beta agonist (LABA) add-on therapy.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1015/od2.html

Long-Acting Nitrates No Good for Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction - POEMs...

May 1, 2016 - Patients who have heart failure with preserved ejection fraction had decreased levels of activity and more adverse events when they were receiving isosorbide mononitrate than when they were taking a placebo. Moreover, activity levels decreased with increases in the dose of the drug, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p790.html

Long-term PPI Therapy and the Risk of Hip Fracture - AFP Journal Club - American Family...

Feb 1, 2008 - Does the long-term use of PPIs increase the risk of hip fracture? The physician must balance the risks and benefits of PPIs, especially in certain patients.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p277.html

Long-Term Results of Drug Treatment for Obesity - POEMs - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2014 - This review of commonly used weight-loss medications, including orlistat (Xenical), lorcaserin (Belviq), phentermine/topiramate (Qsymia), bupropion (Wellbutrin), metformin (Glucophage), and zonisamide (Zonegran), reported an average weight loss for participants of 2.5 to 8.0 kg (5.5 to ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p389a.html

Long-Term Use of Bisphosphonates Increases the Risk of Fractures in Older Women - POEMs...

Jan 1, 2018 - In this cohort study, older women at a high risk of fractures who used oral bisphosphonates for 10 to 13 years had a higher risk of fractures than women who used bisphosphonates for only two years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p53a.html

Lorazepam Added to Haloperidol Effective for Agitated Delirium in End-of-Life Cancer ...

Feb 15, 2018 - Using a single dose of lorazepam in combination with haloperidol decreases agitation in end-of-life patients with cancer who had persistent agitated delirium despite scheduled haloperidol. A recent POEM reported that haloperidol increases symptoms of distress in patients with cancer and...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/od4.html

Lorcaserin (Belviq) for Weight Loss - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2014 - Lorcaserin, combined with diet and exercise, can be used to produce additional weight loss, although the effect on morbidity and mortality is not known. It should be discontinued in patients who do not lose at least 5% of their body weight in the first 12 weeks because they are unlikely...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1215/p863.html

Lorcaserin Is Safe, But Only Modestly Effective for Weight Loss - POEMs - American ...

Mar 15, 2019 - Lorcaserin, 10 mg twice daily, helps some patients lose 10% or more of their body weight (number needed to treat [NNT] = 10) and appears to be safe in terms of cardiovascular events.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0315/od4.html

Low Back Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - What are the effects of oral drug treatments for low back pain? What are the effects of local injections for low back pain? What are the effects of nondrug treatments for low back pain?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p925.html

Low Back Pain (Chronic) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2011 - What are the effects of oral drug treatments, injection therapy, and nondrug treatments for persons with chronic low back pain? What are the effects of nonsurgical and surgical treatments?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0815/p437.html

Low Back Pain: American College of Physicians Practice Guideline on Noninvasive ...

Sep 15, 2017 - The American College of Physicians has released a guideline, which partially updates its 2007 guideline, to provide recommendations for noninvasive treatment of acute (duration less than four weeks), subacute (duration of four to 12 weeks), and chronic (duration longer than 12 weeks) ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0915/p407.html

Low Glycemic Diets for Obesity Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2008 - Compared with high glycemic index diets or conventional energy-restricted weight loss diets, low glycemic index diets better reduce body mass index (BMI) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. The weighted mean difference showed that patients lost an additional 1 to 2 BMI units ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0601/p1534.html

Low Glycemic Index Diets for the Management of Diabetes - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2009 - The low glycemic index diet (sometimes called a low glycemic load diet) lowered the A1C level by a weighted mean difference of 0.5 percent when compared with a high glycemic index (or glycemic load) diet. Fewer episodes of hypoglycemia occurred with a low glycemic index diet compared ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p941.html

Low-Carb Diets May Produce Short-Term Diabetes Remission - POEMs - American Family ... Restricted content. Login required.

Jul 1, 2021 - Patients with type 2 diabetes can try cutting out bread and pasta, leaving the skin on chicken, or eating nuts and avocados to lower their blood glucose levels. Six months of a low-carbohydrate diet (less than 26% of calories from carbohydrates) was more likely than other diets or usual...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0700/p95.html

Low-Carbohydrate Dieting - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2006 Issue Editorials Low-Carbohydrate Dieting REBECCA K. KIRBY, M.D., M.S., R.D., The Center for the Improvement of Human Functioning International Wichita, Kansas Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jun 1;73(11):1896-1901. Related...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1896.html

Low-Carbohydrate Diets - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - Americans spend dollar 33 billion annually on weight loss products and services, and a large portion of this money is spent on low-carbohydrate diets. Because of their higher protein and fat content and lower fiber and carbohydrate content, concerns have been raised about the potential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1942.html

Low-Dose Aspirin Beneficial for the Prevention of Preterm Birth in Nulliparous Patients... Restricted content. Login required.

Nov 15, 2020 - The routine use of low-dose aspirin, 81 mg daily, starting as early as six weeks' gestational age provided a statistically significant absolute risk reduction (nearly 2 percentage points) in the incidence of preterm birth among nulliparous patients with singleton gestation in ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1115/od4.html

Low-Dose Edoxaban Effective for Stroke Prevention in Older Patients with Atrial ... Restricted content. Login required.

Mar 1, 2021 - A lower dose of edoxaban is effective in decreasing stroke and systemic embolism in older patients with atrial fibrillation compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0301/p312a.html

Low-Dose Morphine Less Effective Than Diclofenac or Acetaminophen for Renal Colic - ...

Oct 15, 2016 - This is a good example of how a well-done study can lead to erroneous conclusions. The comparator most likely to be effective here—titrated morphine—was used at a low dose and found to be less effective than intramuscular diclofenac or intravenous paracetamol (acetaminophen).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p665.html

Low-Dose Penicillin Prevents Recurrent Cellulitis - POEMs - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2013 - For patients with at least two previous episodes of cellulitis in the previous three years, low-dose penicillin can prevent recurrence (number needed to treat = 6).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p608a.html

Low-Molecular Weight Heparin in Preventing and Treating DVT - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - Low-molecular-weight heparin is a relatively recent addition to the list of therapies for prophylaxis and treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). As a prophylactic, low-molecular-weight heparin is as effective as standard heparin or warfarin and does not require monitoring of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1607.html

Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin for Initial Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism - Cochrane...

Jul 1, 2005 - LMWH is safer and more effective than unfractionated heparin for initial treatment of venous thromboembolism.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p75.html

Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin in Treatment of DVT - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 1999 - Patients with a diagnosis of acute deep venous thrombosis have traditionally been hospitalized and treated with unfractionated heparin followed by oral anticoagulation therapy. Several clinical trials have shown that low-molecular-weight heparin is at least as safe and effective as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0215/p945.html

Low-Protein Diets for Adults Without Diabetes Mellitus Who Have CKD - Cochrane for ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - In patients without diabetes mellitus who have chronic kidney disease, is a low-protein diet effective at preventing progression to end-stage renal disease or the need for dialysis?

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p665.html

Lower Systolic BP During Antihypertensive Treatment Associated with More Deaths in ...

Jan 1, 2019 - In this small cohort study of patients older than 85 years, lower systolic blood pressure during treatment with antihypertensive medications is associated with higher death rates and greater cognitive decline.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p54.html

Lubiprostone (Amitiza) for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation - STEPS - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2006 - Although bulk or osmotic laxatives are less expensive first options for treating patients with chronic idiopathic constipation, lubiprostone is an alternative for those who do not tolerate or respond to these agents, or in patients older than 65 years in whom tegaserod use is not ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1380.html

Lumbar Fusion No Better Than Exercise and Therapy in the Long Term - POEMs - American ...

Dec 1, 2016 - This trial is a good example of how to do just about everything wrong to get the results you want. The authors did not conceal allocation, did not mask anyone in the study, used an unvalidated and subjective primary outcome, and downplayed the intention-to-treat analysis. Funding for ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p937.html

Lumbar Fusion of Variable Value Based on Treating Diagnosis, with Significant ...

May 1, 2018 - Lumbar fusion for degenerative spinal disease appears to be most beneficial for patients undergoing the procedure for spondylolisthesis, but it is of little clear benefit for patients with other indications, such as spinal stenosis or chronic back pain.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p605a.html

Magnesium Sulfate and Other Anticonvulsants for Women with Preeclampsia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2011 - Magnesium sulfate should be considered first-line treatment to prevent eclamptic seizures during labor.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1269.html

Magnesium Sulfate for Prevention of Preterm Birth - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Apr 1, 2015 - Magnesium sulfate does not delay delivery when used in patients with preterm labor. Although magnesium sulfate is not associated with any serious adverse maternal outcomes, it may be associated with an increase in total fetal, neonatal, and infant mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p444.html

Maintenance Intravenous Fluids in Children: AAP Provides Recommendations - Practice ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The American Academy of Pediatrics has created an evidence-based guideline recommending the use of isotonic fluids for patients 28 days to 18 years of age to reduce the risk of developing hyponatremia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p251.html

Making Psychotherapy Work in Primary Care Medicine - Editorials - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 1, 2006 Issue Editorials Making Psychotherapy Work in Primary Care Medicine THOMAS E. SCHACHT, PSY.D., James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jan...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p34.html

Management of ACL Injuries: Clinical Practice Guideline from the AAOS - Practice ...

Aug 1, 2015 - Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, which are usually related to sports, have an incidence of approximately 252,000 yearly. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance in determining the best options for treating an ACL injury.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p232.html

Management of Active Tuberculosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Although the overall incidence of tuberculosis has been declining in the United States, it remains an important public health concern, particularly among immigrants, homeless persons, and persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Patients who present with symptoms of active ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2225.html

Management of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Jun 1, 2015 - There are no clear evidence-based criteria to decide which patients should undergo operative vs. nonoperative management of acute Achilles tendon rupture.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p794.html

Management of Acute Asthma Exacerbations - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2011 - Asthma exacerbations can be classified as mild, moderate, severe, or life threatening. Criteria for exacerbation severity are based on symptoms and physical examination parameters, as well as lung function and oxygen saturation. In patients with a peak expiratory flow of 50 to 79 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p40.html

Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 1999 - Acute gastroenteritis is a common and costly clinical problem in children. It is a largely self-limited disease with many etiologies. The evaluation of the child with acute gastroenteritis requires a careful history and a complete physical examination to uncover other illnesses with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2555.html

Management of Acute Nasal Fractures - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - In cases of facial trauma, nasal fractures account for approximately 40 percent of bone injuries. Treatment in the primary care setting begins with evaluating the injury, taking an accurate history of the situation in which the injury occurred, and ascertaining how the face and nose ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1315.html

Management of Acute Pain from Musculoskeletal Injuries: Guidance for Family Physicians ...

Dec 1, 2020 - Primary care plays a large role in the management of acute pain; therefore, the American College of Physicians and the American Academy of Family Physicians developed a clinical practice guideline for the nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic management of acute pain from non–low back, ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p649.html

Management of Acute Pain from Non–Low Back Musculoskeletal Injuries: Guidelines from ... Restricted content. Login required.

Dec 1, 2020 - The American Academy of Family Physicians and the American College of Physicians have published guidelines based on a systematic review and network meta-analysis of 207 studies involving 32,959 patients that evaluated treatments for acute musculoskeletal pain other than low back pain.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/1201/p697.html

Management of Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Acute renal failure is present in 1 to 5 percent of patients at hospital admission and affects up to 20 percent of patients in intensive care units. The condition has prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal causes, with prerenal conditions accounting for 60 to 70 percent of cases. The cause...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1739.html

Management of ADHD in Preschool-Aged Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Sep 15, 2013 - Behavior therapy interventions, such as parent training, are first-line treatment for ADHD in preschool-aged children (three to five years of age). Medication is an option for children with moderate to severe ADHD if behavior therapy has not been effective and if the benefits outweigh ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p398.html

Management of Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family...

Aug 15, 2010 - AWS may be managed with outpatient therapy if the patient has mild to moderate symptoms.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p344.html

Management of Atopic Dermatitis: Guideline from the American Academy of Dermatology - ...

Dec 1, 2014 - Atopic dermatitis, a common and chronic skin condition, affects persons of all ages. Topical therapy is the mainstay of treatment, and in severe cases, it is often combined with systemic therapy. This guideline from the American Academy of Dermatology provides information about the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1201/p798.html

Management of Bacterial Endocarditis - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - Most cases of bacterial endocarditis involve infection with viridans streptococci, enterococci, coagulase-positive staphylococci or coagulase-negative staphylococci. The choice of antibiotic therapy for bacterial endocarditis is determined by the identity and antibiotic susceptibility ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1725.html

Management of Bacterial Meningitis: New Guidelines from the IDSA - Practice Guidelines ...

May 15, 2005 - Bacterial meningitis is a neurologic emergency; progression to more severe disease reduces the patient’s likelihood of a full recovery. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has issued new guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial meningitis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p2003.html

Management of Bartholin's Duct Cyst and Gland Abscess - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2003 - Bartholin's duct cysts and gland abscesses are common problems in women of reproductive age. Bartholin's glands are located bilaterally at the posterior introitus and drain through ducts that empty into the vestibule at approximately the 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock positions. These normally...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0701/p135.html

Management of Benign Aphthous Ulcers - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - Aphthous ulcers are a common and painful problem. Benign aphthae tend to be small (less than 1 cm in diameter) and shallow. Aphthous ulcers that occur in conjunction with symptoms of uveitis, genital ulcerations, conjunctivitis, arthritis, fever or adenopathy should prompt a search for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p149.html

Management of Binge-Eating Disorder in Adults - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care...

Mar 1, 2017 - What are the benefits and harms of treatments for adults with binge-eating disorder?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0301/p324.html

Management of Bipolar Disorder - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2000 - Bipolar disorder most commonly is diagnosed in persons between 18 and 24 years of age. The clinical presentations of this disorder are broad and include mania, hypomania and psychosis. Frequently associated comorbid conditions include substance abuse and anxiety disorders. Patients with...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0915/p1343.html

Management of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus focus on three areas: intensive lifestyle intervention that includes at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, weight loss with an initial goal of 7 percent of baseline weight, and a low-fat, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p29.html

Management of Blood Glucose with Noninsulin Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Jul 1, 2015 - A comprehensive, collaborative approach is necessary for optimal treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Treatment guidelines focus on nutrition, exercise, and pharmacologic therapies to prevent and manage complications. Patients with prediabetes or new-onset diabetes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0701/p27.html

Management of Cervical Cytologic Abnormalities - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2004 - The American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology developed guidelines in 2001 for the management of cervical cytologic abnormalities. The guidelines incorporate the Bethesda System 2001 terminology and data from randomized studies of atypical squamous cells, low-grade ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/p1905.html

Management of Cervical Lymphadenitis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Nov 1, 2008 - Cervical lymphadenitis, defined as an acute symptomatic enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes, is a common condition in children of all ages. Most cases of cervical lymphadenitis in children are self-limited and can safely be monitored for spontaneous resolution over four to six weeks.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1097.html

Management of Chronic Tendon Injuries - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2019 - Chronic tendon injuries are common athletic and occupational injuries that account for many physician visits. Tendons have a complex biology that provides a unique combination of strength, flexibility, and elasticity but also predisposes them to injury. The term tendinopathy is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p147.html

Management of Chronic Tendon Injuries - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2013 - Chronic tendon injuries present unique management challenges. The assumption that these injuries result from ongoing inflammation has caused physicians to rely on treatments demonstrated to be ineffective in the long term. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be limited in the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0401/p486.html

Management of Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2005 - Cluster headache, an excruciating, unilateral headache usually accompanied by conjunctival injection and lacrimation, can occur episodically or chronically, and can be difficult to treat. Existing effective treatments may be underused because of underdiagnosis of the syndrome. Oxygen ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p717.html

Management of Common Arrhythmias: Part I. Supraventricular Arrhythmias - American ...

Jun 15, 2002 - Family physicians frequently encounter patients with symptoms that could be related to cardiac arrhythmias, most commonly atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardias. The initial management of atrial fibrillation includes ventricular rate control to provide adequate cardiac ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2479.html

Management of Common Arrhythmias: Part II. Ventricular Arrhythmias and Arrhythmias in ...

Jun 15, 2002 - In patients without established cardiac disease, the occurrence of premature ventricular complexes without sustained ventricular tachycardia is more an annoyance than a medical risk, and treatment is not required. In contrast, patients with established heart disease and premature ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0615/p2491.html

Management of Common Opioid-Induced Adverse Effects - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Opioid analgesics are useful agents for treating pain of various etiologies; however, adverse effects are potential limitations to their use. Strategies to minimize adverse effects of opioids include dose reduction, symptomatic management, opioid rotation, and changing the route of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1347.html

Management of Common Symptoms in Terminally Ill Patients: Part I. Fatigue, Anorexia, ...

Sep 1, 2001 - Physical symptoms other than pain often contribute to suffering near the end of life. In addition to pain, the most common symptoms in the terminal stages of an illness such as cancer or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are fatigue, anorexia, cachexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p807.html

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