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Hyperthyroidism - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - What are the effects of drug treatments for primary hyperthyroidism? What are the effects of treatments for subclinical hyperthyroidism?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p1014.html

Does Pioglitazone Benefit Patients With Type 2 Diabetes? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2007 - Pioglitazone produces a reduction in A1C levels similar to that produced by other drugs. One trial found that although pioglitazone, used as an adjunct to other antihyperglycemic medications, may lead to a statistically significant reduction in morbidity and mortality in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p969.html

ACIP Releases 2007 Recommendations on Prevention and Control of Influenza - Practice ...

Oct 1, 2007 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released updated recommendations for influenza control for the 2007–08 season.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p1046.html

Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Lateral epicondylitis is a common overuse syndrome of the extensor tendons of the forearm. It is sometimes called tennis elbow, although it can occur with many activities. The condition affects men and women equally and is more common in persons 40 years or older. Despite the prevalence...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p843.html

Sitagliptin (Januvia) for the Treatment of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - STEPS - ...

Sep 15, 2007 - Sitagliptin may be useful as second-line or third-line therapy in patients with a mildly elevated A1C level (less than 9 percent) who do not reach their A1C goal with first-line therapy (metformin). Sitagliptin will decrease postprandial blood glucose and mildly lower fasting blood ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p861.html

Practice Guidelines - Sep 15, 2007 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Physicians should consider the increased risks associated with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, according to new guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p894a.html

Practice Guidelines - Sep 15, 2007 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Patients on dialysis are particularly susceptible to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that patients on dialysis who have invasive devices or a catheter also are at increased risk.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p894.html

Current Understanding of Tendinopathies and Treatment Options - Editorials - American ...

Sep 15, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2007 Issue Editorials Current Understanding of Tendinopathies and Treatment Options CARRIE A. JAWORSKI, MD, Resurrection Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois Am Fam Physician. 2007 Sep 15;76(6):773-774. Related Article Overuse...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p773.html

Management of Foreign Bodies in the Skin - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although puncture wounds are common, retained foreign bodies are not. Wounds with a foreign body sensation should be evaluated. The presence of wood or vegetative material, graphite or other pigmenting materials, and pain is an indication for foreign body removal. Radiography may be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p683.html

Treatment Options for Actinic Keratosis - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Actinic keratoses are rough, scaly lesions that commonly occur on sun-exposed areas of the skin. The prevalence of the condition increases with age. Actinic keratoses are thought to be carcinomas in situ, which can progress to squamous cell carcinomas. The decision to treat can be based...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p667.html

The Role of Allergens in Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel guidelines for the management of asthma recommend that patients who require daily asthma medications have allergy testing for perennial indoor allergens and that, when triggers are found, exposure to allergens and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p675.html

Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: An Update - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although type 1 diabetes historically has been more common in patients eight to 19 years of age, type 2 diabetes is emerging as an important disease in this group. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 8 to 45 percent of new childhood diabetes. This article is an update from the National ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p658.html

Atrial Fibrillation (Chronic) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - What are the effects of oral medical treatments to control heart rate in persons with chronic (longer than one week) nonvalvular atrial fibrillation? What is the effect of different treatment strategies for persons with persistent nonvalvular atrial fibrillation?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p701.html

Treatment Options for Insomnia - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2007 - The frequency of sleep disruption and the degree to which insomnia significantly affects daytime function determine the need for evaluation and treatment. Physicians may initiate treatment of insomnia at an initial visit; for patients with a clear acute stressor such as grief, no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p517.html

Herbal and Dietary Supplements for Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - American Family ...

Aug 15, 2007 - Use of complementary and alternative medicine has increased over the past decade. A variety of studies have suggested that this use is greater in persons with symptoms or diagnoses of anxiety and depression. Data support the effectiveness of some popular herbal remedies and dietary ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p549.html

Practice Guidelines - Aug 15, 2007 - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a report on the racial differences in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p587a.html

Practice Guidelines - Aug 15, 2007 - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2007 - New guidelines on the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy are available from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p587.html

The Effect of Cytochrome P450 Metabolism on Drug Response, Interactions, and Adverse ...

Aug 1, 2007 - Cytochrome P450 enzymes are essential for the metabolism of many medications. Although this class has more than 50 enzymes, six of them metabolize 90 percent of drugs, with the two most significant enzymes being CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. Genetic variability (polymorphism) in these enzymes may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p391.html

Interventions to Improve Blood Pressure Control in Patients with Hypertension - ...

Aug 1, 2007 - One large study of adults with hypertension showed that a rigorous, systematic program including regular patient review and aggressive antihypertensive drug therapy improved systolic and diastolic blood pressure and reduced all-cause mortality (7.8 to 6.4 percent at five years; number ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p373.html

Acute Renal Failure - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2007 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent acute renal failure in persons at high risk? What are the effects of treatments for critically ill persons with acute renal failure?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p418.html

Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Aug 1, 2007 - When used to delay the progression of early nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not superior to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p423.html

Home Monitoring of Glucose and Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Home monitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure levels can provide patients and physicians with valuable information in the management of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Home monitoring allows patients to play an active role in their care and may improve treatment adherence and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p255.html

Varenicline (Chantix) for Smoking Cessation - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - For every nine highly-motivated patients who use varenicline instead of placebo, one will not be smoking one year later. Although the cost of therapy is a limitation (total cost is approximately $360 for a three-month course), the easy dosage titration, lack of drug interactions, and ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p279.html

CDC Publishes Statement on Cough and Cold Medications in Children - Practice Guidelines...

Jul 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a statement on the risks of cough and cold medications in children younger than two years. Health care professionals also should be aware of the risks of serious illness or fatal overdose.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p298.html

NAMS Releases Updated Position Statement on the Use of Estrogen and Progestogen in ...

Jul 15, 2007 - The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has released an updated position statement on the use of estrogen therapy (ET) and combined estrogen-progestogen therapy (EPT) in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, based on the latest evidence on the risks and benefits associated with ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p295.html

Key Practice Points in the Management of Fibromyalgia - Editorials - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 15, 2007 Issue Editorials Key Practice Points in the Management of Fibromyalgia CHRISTINE N. HUYNH, MD, LEANNE M. YANNI, MD, and LAURA A. MORGAN, PharmD, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia Am...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p195.html

ACE Inhibitors vs. ARBs for Patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2007 - Studies comparing ACE inhibitors or ARBs with placebo found no mortality benefit in patients with diabetic kidney disease. A subgroup analysis of five studies (2,034 total patients) found that, when given at full or maximally tolerated doses, ACE inhibitors reduce all-cause mortality ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p68.html

Headache (Chronic Tension-Type) - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2007 - What are the effects of drug and nondrug treatments for chronic tension-type headache?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p114.html

Exercise for Older Patients Who Are Acutely Hospitalized - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jul 1, 2007 - The effects of exercise interventions on functional outcomes are unclear, but there is a trend toward functional improvement. Multidisciplinary interventions that include exercise also show several other benefits, including reduction in length of hospitalization and hospital costs; ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p69.html

Treatment of Menorrhagia - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - Menorrhagia is defined as excessive uterine bleeding occurring at regular intervals or prolonged uterine bleeding lasting more than seven days. The classic definition of menorrhagia (i.e., greater than 80 mL of blood loss per cycle) is rarely used clinically. Women describe the loss or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1813.html

Therapies for Diabetes: Pramlintide and Exenatide - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - The American Diabetes Association currently recommends an A1C goal of less than 7 percent. However, many patients are unable to achieve this goal by using oral drug combinations or diet and exercise, leaving insulin as the only treatment option. In most cases, insulin is initiated later...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1831.html

Dystocia in Nulliparous Women - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - Dystocia is common in nulliparous women and is responsible for more than 50 percent of primary cesarean deliveries. Because cesarean delivery rates continue to rise, physicians providing maternity care should be skilled in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of dystocia. If labor ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1671.html

Ginger: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is one of the more commonly used herbal supplements. Although often consumed for culinary purposes, it is taken by many patients to treat a variety of conditions. Ginger has been shown to be effective for pregnancy-induced and postoperative nausea and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1689.html

Adenosine vs. Calcium Channel Blockers for Supraventricular Tachycardia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Adenosine and verapamil (Calan, Isoptin SR) are equally effective for treating acute supra-ventricular tachycardia in adults. Patients treated with adenosine have a higher rate of minor, transient adverse effects than patients treated with verapamil; however, rare but serious adverse ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1653.html

Monitoring Therapy for Patients with Alzheimer's Disease - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Patients with Alzheimer's disease who undergo treatment of any kind should be monitored eight weeks after initiation of therapy and at least every six months thereafter.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1703.html

Occupational Therapy Improves Activities of Daily Living After Stroke - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2007 - Compared with standard rehabilitation, ADL-based occupational therapy significantly decreases death or institutionalization and deterioration in the ability to perform ADL after stroke. The optimal length and type of therapy is not well defined.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1651.html

Bulimia Nervosa - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - What are the effects of treatments for bulimia nervosa in adults? What are the effects of discontinuing treatment in persons in remission?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1699.html

Practice Guidelines - Jun 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - Revised guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state that fluoroquinolone antibiotics are no longer recommended for treatment of gonococcal infections and associated conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1715.html

Practice Guidelines - Jun 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2007 - According to new guidelines from the American Cancer Society (ACS), women at high risk of developing breast cancer should receive annual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to mammography.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0601/p1715a.html

Drug Dosing Adjustments in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease - American Family ...

May 15, 2007 - Chronic kidney disease affects renal drug elimination and other pharmacokinetic processes involved in drug disposition (e.g., absorption, drug distribution, nonrenal clearance [metabolism]). Drug dosing errors are common in patients with renal impairment and can cause adverse effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1487.html

Cerumen Impaction - American Family Physician

May 15, 2007 - Cerumen is a naturally occurring, normally extruded product of the external auditory canal. It is usually asymptomatic, but when it becomes impacted it can cause complications such as hearing loss, pain, or dizziness. It also can interfere with examination of the tympanic membrane. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1523.html

Insulin Inhalation Powder (Exubera) for Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family ...

May 15, 2007 - Inhaled insulin provides an alternative route of administration for rapid-acting insulin but offers no other benefit over available insulin therapy. It may reduce, but not eliminate, the need for self-injection in patients with type 1 diabetes. In patients with type 2 diabetes, the risk...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1546.html

Management Options for Uterine Fibroid Tumors - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 15, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 2007 Issue Editorials Management Options for Uterine Fibroid Tumors JOHN BUEK, MD, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. Am Fam Physician. 2007 May 15;75(10):1452-1453. Related Article The management...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1452.html

U.S. Statin Guidelines: Expensive but Not Necessarily Effective - Editorials - American...

May 15, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> May 15, 2007 Issue Editorials U.S. Statin Guidelines: Expensive but Not Necessarily Effective HENRY C. BARRY, MD, MS, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, East Lansing, Michigan JEROME R. HOFFMAN, MD, MA, David Geffen...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0515/p1453.html

Management of Hypertriglyceridemia - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and acute pancreatitis. Along with lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and raising high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, lowering triglyceride levels in high-risk patients (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1365.html

Tramadol Relieves Neuropathic Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - Tramadol is an effective treatment for neuropathic pain. One out of four patients who take the medication achieves at least 50 percent pain relief.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1335.html

Exercise is an Effective Intervention in Overweight and Obese Patients - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2007 - Exercise leads to a weight loss of 1 lb, 2 oz to 16 lb, 12 oz (0.5 to 7.6 kg), compared with a 3-oz (0.1-kg) weight loss to a weight gain of 1 lb, 9 oz (0.7 kg) with no treatment. Patients participating in higher-intensity exercise lose 3 lb, 5 oz (1.5 kg) more than those participating ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1333.html

Seborrheic Dermatitis - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

May 1, 2007 - What are the effects of topical treatments for seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp, face and body in adults?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1375.html

Nonpharmacologic vs. Anticholinergic Therapies for Overactive Bladder - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2007 - Anticholinergic medications are more effective than bladder training in reducing the number of voids per day. Combining an anti-cholinergic medication with bladder training is more effective than either therapy alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1336.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Acute low back pain with or without sciatica usually is self-limited and has no serious underlying pathology. For most patients, reassurance, pain medications, and advice to stay active are sufficient. A more thorough evaluation is required in selected patients with

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1181.html

Pramipexole (Mirapex) for Restless Legs Syndrome - STEPS - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Although many patients with RLS do not need pharmacologic therapy, pramipexole is one option for treating moderate to severe symptoms. As with other agents used to manage RLS, potentially serious adverse reactions are possible.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1239.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Hormonal Contraceptives in Women with Coexisting Medical ...

Apr 15, 2007 - Guidelines on the use of hormonal contraceptives in women with underlying medical conditions are available from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). In some women, drugs taken for certain chronic conditions may alter the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1252.html

Peppermint Oil - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Peppermint leaf and peppermint oil have a long history of use for digestive disorders. Recent evidence suggests that enteric-coated peppermint oil may be effective in relieving some of the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. A combination product including peppermint oil and caraway ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1027.html

Outpatient Management of Anticoagulation Therapy - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - The Seventh American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) Conference on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy provides guidelines for outpatient management of anticoagulation therapy. The ACCP guidelines recommend short-term warfarin therapy, with the goal of maintaining an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1031.html

ACOG Releases Guidelines on Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Gynecologic Procedures - ...

Apr 1, 2007 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on the appropriate use of antibiotic prophylaxis in women undergoing gynecologic procedures.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1094.html

Are Opioids Effective in the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain? - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Apr 1, 2007 - Eight to 60 days of opioid therapy for the treatment of neuropathic pain effectively reduces pain scores as measured by a visual analog scale. A lack of response to opioids in the first 24 hours should not be used to predict whether longer-term opioid therapy might be beneficial. There ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p999.html

ACOG Releases Guideline for Managment of Postpartum Bleeding - Practice Guidelines - ...

Apr 1, 2007 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has reviewed the risks associated with postpartum hemorrhage and released recommendations on its management.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1101.html

Parkinson's Disease - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - What are the effects of drug treatments in persons with early stage Parkinson's disease? What are the effects of adding other treatments in persons with motor complications from levodopa? What are the effects of surgery and nursing and rehabilitation treatments in persons with ...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1045.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Children with otitis media with effusion do not benefit from decongestants or antihistamines. Common adverse effects of these therapies are gastrointestinal upset, irritability, drowsiness, and dizziness (number needed to harm = 9).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Topical salicylic or lactic acid and cryotherapy are effective treatments for nongenital warts. Although cryotherapy is somewhat more effective, it is associated with more pain and blistering than salicylic or lactic acid. The spontaneous cure rate of nongenital warts is 50 to 70 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001a.html

Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Apr 1, 2007 - There is no clearly superior oral agent for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1051.html

AAN Releases Recommendations on Treatment of Parkinson's Disease - Practice Guidelines ...

Mar 15, 2007 - Recommendations from the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) discuss aspects and treatment of Parkinson's disease. This condition is the second most common neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by bradykinesia; tremor at rest; rigidity; and...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0315/p922.html

Effectiveness of Dressings for Healing Venous Leg Ulcers - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - No single dressing or type of dressing appears to be superior to others in the complete healing of ulcers or in healing rate.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p649.html

AGA Releases Position Statement on Gastrointestinal Medication Use During Pregnancy - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released a position statement on gastrointestinal medication use in pregnant women. Drug treatment of gastrointestinal disease in pregnant women can be difficult, as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration classifications are not ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p755.html

Tennis Elbow - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - What are the effects of treatments for tennis elbow?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p701.html

Are Oral Betamimetics Effective Maintenance Therapies After Threatened Preterm Labor? -...

Mar 1, 2007 - There is no evidence to support the use of oral betamimetics for maintenance therapy after treatment for threatened preterm labor, and there is a risk of adverse effects with these drugs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p648.html

Telephone Counseling Improves Smoking Cessation Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2007 - Telephone counseling can improve long-term smoking cessation rates. Multiple proactive calls are more effective than a single reactive call.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p650.html

Treatment of Impetigo - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Topical mupirocin (Bactroban) and fusidic acid (not available in the United States) are more effective than placebo and at least as effective as oral antibiotics for the treatment of limited impetigo, and are better tolerated.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p703.html

Treatment Options for Atopic Dermatitis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin condition that usually affects children. It is a chronic disease, with periods of remission and flare-ups, that adversely affects the quality of life of patients and their families. Aggressive therapy with emollients is an important ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p523.html

Treatment of the Common Cold - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p515.html

Ranolazine (Ranexa) for Chronic Angina - STEPS - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - Ranolazine will provide a small benefit in symptom control in patients with chronic angina and persistent symptoms despite medical therapy. It generally should be used in combination with amlodipine, beta blockers, or long-acting nitrates.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p544.html

Updated CDC Guidelines for the Treatment of STDs - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Feb 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated its 2002 guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Expanded discussions of prevention screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other STDs, new approaches to patient-centered ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p560.html

Guidelines for Treating Adults with Acute Cough - Editorials - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Feb 15, 2007 Issue Editorials Guidelines for Treating Adults with Acute Cough RICHARD S. IRWIN, M.D., University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts Am Fam Physician. 2007 Feb 15;75(4):476-482. Related Article...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0215/p476.html

Update on Helicobacter pylori Treatment - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - One half of the world's population has Helicobacter pylori infection, with an estimated prevalence of 30 percent in North America. Although it is unclear whether eradication of H. pylori improves symptoms in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia, there is strong evidence that eradication of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p351.html

Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

AGA Reviews the Use of Corticosteroids Immunomodulators, and Infliximab in IBD - ...

Feb 1, 2007 - The American Gastroenterological Association Institute (AGA) has issued a clinical position statement on corticosteroids, immunomodulators, and infliximab (Remicade) use in managing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p410.html

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - What are the effects of drug, nondrug, and surgical treatment? What are the effects of postoperative treatment?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p381.html

The Role of Exercise in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Feb 1, 2007 - Regular exercise reduces A1C levels, adiposity, and triglyceride levels. However, no research has definitively proved a benefit of exercise on patient-oriented outcomes such as diabetes-related morbidity and mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p335.html

Management of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is the most common cause of knee pain in the outpatient setting. It is caused by imbalances in the forces controlling patellar tracking during knee flexion and extension, particularly with overloading of the joint. Risk factors include overuse, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p194.html

Appropriate Prescribing of Medications: An Eight-Step Approach - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - A systematic approach advocated by the World Health Organization can help minimize poor-quality and erroneous prescribing. This six-step approach to prescribing suggests that the physician should (1) evaluate and dearly define the patient's problem; (2) specify the therapeutic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p231.html

Levalbuterol Tartrate (Xopenex HFA) for the Treatment of Bronchospasm - STEPS - ...

Jan 15, 2007 - Levalbuterol tartrate appears to be no more effective and offers no improvement in the side-effect profile compared with albuterol. The higher cost may make it appropriate for only a limited group of patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p247.html

Clinical Practice Guideline for Bronchiolitis: Key Recommendations - Editorials - ...

Jan 15, 2007 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2007 Issue Editorials Clinical Practice Guideline for Bronchiolitis: Key Recommendations RICHARD D. CLOVER, M.D. University of Louisville School of Public Health and Information Sciences Louisville, Kentucky Am Fam Physician....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p171.html

Leukotriene Inhibitors in the Treatment of Allergy and Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Leukotriene inhibitors are the first new class of medications for the treatment of persistent asthma that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than two decades. They also have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Prescriptions of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p65.html

Vascular Surgery: An Update - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Caring for patients with vascular illnesses has become increasingly more complex and has changed dramatically over the past 10 years, with a widening array of diagnostic and treatment options. Carotid artery stenting has the potential to become a viable alternative to open surgery in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p85.html

Treatment of Acute Sciatica - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - In patients with acute sciatica, bed rest and advice to stay active have similar outcomes on their functional status and perceived improvement.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p99.html

Early Invasive Therapy or Conservative Management for Unstable Angina or NSTEMI? - ...

Jan 1, 2007 - Compared with conservative management, early invasive treatment of patients with UA or NSTEMI using coronary angiography with or without revascularization reduces rehospitalization and refractory angina within the first year and significantly reduces mortality and myocardial infarction ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p47.html

Humidified Air for Croup? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Available data do not support a clinically important benefit of humidified air for symptomatic treatment of children with croup. However, it does not appear to be harmful.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p50.html

Hip Fracture - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - What are the effects of surgical interventions for hip fracture? What are the effects of perioperative medical interventions on surgical outcome and prevention of complications?What are the effects of rehabilitation interventions and programs after hip fracture?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p93.html

Newer Agents for the Management of Overactive Bladder - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - The anticholinergics tolterodine and oxybutynin are well established in the management of overactive bladder. However, their activity at muscarinic receptors distant from the target site (i.e., bladder) produces anticholinergic side effects leading to poor tolerability. In 2004, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2061.html

Vasectomy: An Update - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - Vasectomy remains an important option for contraception. Research findings have clarified many questions regarding patient selection, optimal technique, postsurgical follow-up, and risk of long-term complications. Men who receive vasectomies tend to be non-Hispanic whites, well ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2069.html

Pregabalin (Lyrica) for the Management of Pain Associated with Diabetic Neuropathy - ...

Dec 15, 2006 - Pregabalin is safe and effective for the management of neuropathic pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Drawbacks include the cost and the lack of studies demonstrating equivalence or superiority to other treatments. However, pregabalin’s ease of dosing titration, ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2093.html

Treatment of Oncologic Emergencies - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - Most oncologic emergencies can be classified as metabolic, hematologic, structural, or side effects from chemotherapy agents. Tumor lysis syndrome is a metabolic emergency that presents as severe electrolyte abnormalities. The condition is treated with allopurinol or urate oxidase to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1873.html

Opioids for Management of Breakthrough Pain in Cancer Patients - Cochrane for ...

Dec 1, 2006 - Oral transmucosal fentanyl citrate (OTFC [Actiq]), a rapid-acting opioid, has been shown to be an effective treatment for breakthrough cancer pain. Other opioids, including immediate-release oral morphine (MSIR), also may be effective; however, evidence comparing these agents with OTFC ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1855.html

Risks and Benefits of Combination Contraceptives - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Dec 1, 2006 - The risks of using oral combination contraceptives include: a three- to sixfold increase in the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) apparent by the fourth month of use and highest between six and 12 months of use; a two- to sixfold increase in the risk of ischemic stroke among ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1915.html

Beta-Blocker Use in Patients with COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Dec 1, 2006 - In 20 studies of cardioselective beta blockers in patients with COPD, participants had no adverse pulmonary or respiratory effects. Because of their salutary cardiovascular effects, cardioselective beta blockers should not be withheld from patients with COPD.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1858.html

Asthma and Other Wheezing Disorders in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American...

Dec 1, 2006 - What are the effects of treatments for acute asthma in children? What is the effect of single-agent prophylaxis in children taking inhaled beta agonists as needed for asthma?What are the effects of additional prophylactic treatments in patients with childhood asthma that is inadequately...

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1901.html

Patching for Corneal Abrasions? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2006 - Patching is not beneficial for the treatment of simple corneal abrasions as measured by time to healing, complete healing rates at 24 to 48 hours, or pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1201/p1857.html

Noncontraceptive Uses of the Levonorgestrel Intrauterine System - Practice Guidelines -...

Nov 15, 2006 - Although the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena) is approved for contraception, it also may have noncontraceptive uses, such as treating idiopathic menorrhagia. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) published a committee opinion to address the ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1115/p1792.html

Interventions for Molluscum Contagiosum - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2006 - There is insufficient evidence to determine whether treatments for molluscum are effective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1504.html

Chronic Low Back Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - What are the effects of nondrug and oral drug treatments and injection therapy?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1577.html

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