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Nutritional Assessment and Counseling for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Physicians face several barriers to counseling their patients about nutrition, including conflicting evidence of the benefit of counseling, limited training and understanding of the topic, and imperfect and varied guidelines to follow. Because cardiovascular disease remains the leading ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p257.html

Preventive Counseling, Screening, and Therapy for the Patient with Newly Diagnosed HIV ...

Jan 15, 2006 - The epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues, and the infection is converting into a treatable chronic disease; therefore, it is increasingly important for family physicians to be current with and comfortable in providing basic care to patients infected with HIV. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p271.html

Treating Adult Women with Suspected UTI - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - More than 7 million women are diagnosed with urinary tract infections (UTIs) annually, making it one of the most commonly seen conditions in primary care.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p293.html

Ibandronate (Boniva) for Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Ibandronate is a bisphosphonate that can be taken daily or monthly. The daily dosage has been shown to decrease vertebral fractures in women with osteoporosis and a history of previous vertebral fractures. Neither formulation has been shown to reduce the risk of hip fracture or other ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p305.html

AUA Updates Guidelines on Management of Erectile Dysfunction - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 15, 2006 - The American Urological Association (AUA) has updated its 1996 recommendations on the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). ED results from a combination of vascular, neurologic, hormonal, and psychologic factors.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p340.html

AAP Recommendations for Treating Children After a Disaster - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jan 15, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a clinical report recommending a course of action in treating children who have experienced or witnessed a disaster. After a disaster, children may experience a range of symptoms, from mild stress reactions to more severe cases of ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p344.html

Who Should Care for Patients with HIV/AIDS? - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Who Should Care for Patients with HIV/AIDS? JEFFREY KIRCHNER, D.O., Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jan 15;73(2):215-216. Related Article Unlike other diseases...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p215.html

Medications for Migraine Prophylaxis - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - Sufficient evidence and consensus exist to recommend propranolol, timolol, amitriptyline, divalproex, sodium valproate, and topiramate as first-line agents for migraine prevention. There is fair evidence of effectiveness with gabapentin and naproxen sodium. Botulinum toxin also has ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p72.html

Cognitive Therapy for Depression - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - Cognitive therapy is a treatment process that enables patients to correct false self-beliefs that can lead to negative moods and behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that a thought precedes a mood; therefore, learning to substitute healthy thoughts for negative thoughts will improve...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p83.html

Management of Histologic Abnormalities of the Cervix - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology sponsored a consensus conference in 2001 to develop evidence-based guidelines for women with histologic abnormalities of the cervix. The options for management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1, 2, and 3 are ranked ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p105.html

Is Oral Vitamin B12 as Effective as Intramuscular Injection? - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2006 - In patients with vitaminB12 deficiency, two oral regimens have been shown to achieve neurologic and hematologic response in the short term. Effective dosages were (1) 2,000 mcg daily or (2) 1,000 mcg daily for 10 days, then weekly and monthly.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p65.html

Anticholinergic Drugs for Overactive Bladder - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jan 1, 2006 - Tolterodine (Detrol) is as effective as immediate-release oxybutynin (Ditropan) and causes less dry mouth. A dose of 1 mg tolterodine twice daily is as effective as higher dosages of tolterodine. Extended-release preparations have less risk of dry mouth but are more expensive.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p66.html

IVF Therapy for Unexplained Infertility - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2006 - Although IVF is used routinely for the treatment of unexplained infertility, there is limited evidence to show that it is more effective than expectant management, and there is insufficient evidence to recommend it as an alternative to other therapies such as clomiphene citrate ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p63.html

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - What are the effects of preventive intervention and treatment?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p120.html

Practice Guidelines - Jan 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Task Force on Community Preventive Services reviewed school- and worksite-based strategies for the short-term prevention and control of overweight and obesity.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p167a.html

Emergency Contraception: AAP Review - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that education and counseling about emergency contraception be incorporated into the annual preventive visits of adolescent patients when issues of sexuality are addressed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p168.html

Practice Guidelines - Jan 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have released the 2006 recommended immunization schedule for children and ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p167.html

Making Psychotherapy Work in Primary Care Medicine - Editorials - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jan 1, 2006 Issue Editorials Making Psychotherapy Work in Primary Care Medicine THOMAS E. SCHACHT, PSY.D., James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jan...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0101/p34.html

Management of Staphylococcus aureus Infections - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - Because of high incidence, morbidity, and antimicrobial resistance, Staphylococcus aureus infections are a growing concern for family physicians. Strains of S. aureus that are resistant to vancomycin are now recognized. Increasing incidence of unrecognized community-acquired ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2474.html

Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - Irritable bowel syndrome affects 10 to 15 percent of the U.S. population to some degree. This condition is defined as abdominal pain and discomfort with altered bowel habits in the absence of any other mechanical, inflammatory, or biochemical explanation for these symptoms. Irritable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2501.html

Rifaximin (Xifaxan) for Traveler's Diarrhea - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - Rifaximin is safe and effective for treatment in most patients with traveler's diarrhea, but it offers no advantages over ciprofloxacin. At the same cost, it has a less convenient dosage interval than ciprofloxacin and has more limitations.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2525.html

Predicting the Risk of Recurrence After Surgery for Prostate Cancer - Point-of-Care ...

Dec 15, 2005 - A previous Point-of-Care Guide identified a clinical decision rule that estimates the likelihood of an abnormal biopsy for prostate cancer. One of the next questions facing the patient and his physician is the likelihood of recurrence after surgery.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2511.html

Treatment of Constipation in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Constipation is a common complaint in older adults. Although constipation is not a physiologic consequence of normal aging, decreased mobility and other comorbid medical conditions may contribute to its increased prevalence in older adults. Functional constipation is diagnosed when no ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2277.html

St. John's Wort - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - St. John's wort has been used to treat a variety of conditions. Several brands are standardized for content of hypericin and hyperforin, which are among the most researched active components of St. John's wort. St. John's wort has been found to be superior to placebo and equivalent to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2249.html

Management of Active Tuberculosis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Although the overall incidence of tuberculosis has been declining in the United States, it remains an important public health concern, particularly among immigrants, homeless persons, and persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Patients who present with symptoms of active ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2225.html

Pharmacologic Cardioversion for Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter - Cochrane for ...

Dec 1, 2005 - There is no evidence that rhythm control in older patients with atrial fibrillation is more effective than rate control for improving patient-oriented outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2217.html

Counseling or Antidepressants for Treating Depression? - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Dec 1, 2005 - Both antidepressant medications and psychologic treatment are beneficial for adult patients with mild to moderate depression, with no consistent evidence that one type of treatment is more effective than the other.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2309.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - In patients with moderate or severe COPD, tiotropium reduces exacerbations, hospitalizations, and symptom scores and improves health-related quality of life compared with placebo and ipratropium (Atrovent). However, more study is needed to determine tiotropium’s role in the treatment of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2219a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Dec 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Three days of antibiotic therapy is as effective as longer courses for treatment of uncomplicated UTIs in women.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2219.html

Diabetic Nephropathy - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments in persons with type 1 diabetes and early or late nephropathy? What are the effects of treatments in persons with type 2 diabetes and early or late nephropathy?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2299.html

Management of the Difficult Patient - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - All physicians must care for some patients who are perceived as difficult because of behavioral or emotional aspects that affect their care. Difficulties may be traced to patient, physician, or health care system factors. Patient factors include psychiatric disorders, personality ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2063.html

Ezetimibe/Simvastatin (Vytorin) for Hypercholesterolemia - STEPS - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2005 - Low doses of ezetimibe/simvastatin provide greater improvements in lipid profile than simvastatin or atorvastatin monotherapy. Ezetimibe/simvastatin may be useful in patients who are unable to tolerate high-dose statin therapy. Combination ezetimibe-simvastatin is less expensive than ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2081.html

Management of Acute Renal Failure - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Acute renal failure is present in 1 to 5 percent of patients at hospital admission and affects up to 20 percent of patients in intensive care units. The condition has prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal causes, with prerenal conditions accounting for 60 to 70 percent of cases. The cause...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1739.html

Medications for Treating Alcohol Dependence - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - Medications for treating alcohol dependence primarily have been adjunctive interventions, and only three medications--disulfiram, naltrexone, and acamprosate--are approved for this indication by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Disulfiram, an aversive agent that has been used for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1775.html

AAN Releases Recommendations for Managing Essential Tremor - Practice Guidelines - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - Evidence-based recommendations for the initiation of pharmacologic and surgical therapies for patients with essential tremor have been released by the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1908.html

Acute Treatment of Hyperkalemia - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - According to disease-oriented evidence, insulin and intravenous glucose, inhaled albuterol (Ventolin), and dialysis are the best treatment options; the first two may be given in combination. Bicarbonate or resins are not recommended for routine use, particularly without one of the more ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1703.html

Patients' Preconceptions and Convictions About Antibiotics - Curbside Consultation - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - Multiple studies have demonstrated that patients who seek care for respiratory ailments often expect to receive antibiotics, and that patients or parents who expect antibiotics receive them more often than those who do not.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1900.html

Psychological Interventions for Noncardiac Chest Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - Noncardiac chest pain can be caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), panic disorder, or a number of other psychological conditions. Psychotherapy, particularly cognitive behavior therapy, has been shown to reduce the number of days with chest pain significantly over a ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1701.html

Antiviral Agents for Pregnant Women with Genital Herpes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - There is no evidence that the use of antiviral agents in women who are pregnant and have a history of genital herpes prevents perinatal transmission of herpes simplex virus (HSV) to neonates.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1807.html

Corticosteroids for Pulmonary Sarcoidosis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2005 - Patients who take oral corticosteroids are more likely to show improvement in their chest radiographs than those taking placebo, although improvements in symptoms and lung function are less certain. The typical dosage used in randomized trials was 20 mg daily or 40 mg every two days ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1702.html

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1793.html

AHA Advisory Statement on Public Access Defibrillator - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Nov 1, 2005 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released an advisory statement to highlight the findings of the Public Access Defibrillation Trial, which studied the effects of lay rescuer automated external defibrillators (public access defibrillation).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1913.html

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Treatment Challenge - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, recurrent, debilitating disease that presents with painful, inflamed lesions in the apocrine-gland-bearing areas of the body, most commonly the axillary, inguinal, and anogenital areas. Etiology traditionally has been attributed to occlusion of the...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1547.html

Topiramate (Topamax) for Migraine Prevention - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - Topiramate is more effective than placebo for migraine prevention. Its effectiveness appears to be similar to that of other antiepileptic drugs and beta blockers. Because of the high cost of topiramate and the relative frequency of adverse effects, other approaches to migraine ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1563.html

ACCP Releases Consensus Statement on Outpatient Treatment for CAP - Practice Guidelines...

Oct 15, 2005 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) recently issued a clinical position statement on outpatient management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1607.html

Practice Guidelines - Oct 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has published an updated version of evidence-based clinical guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1614.html

Practice Guidelines - Oct 15, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released its report on assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures conducted in the United States in 2002.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1614a.html

Management of Spontaneous Abortion - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Spontaneous abortion, which is the loss of a pregnancy without outside intervention before 20 weeks' gestation, affects up to 20 percent of recognized pregnancies. Spontaneous abortion can be subdivided into threatened abortion, inevitable abortion, incomplete abortion, missed abortion,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1243.html

Milk Thistle - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Milk thistle has been used as a cytoprotectant for the treatment of liver disease, for the treatment and prevention of cancer, and as a supportive treatment of Amanita phalloides poisoning. Clinical studies are largely heterogeneous and contradictory. Aside from mild gastrointestinal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1285.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Although no difference in effectiveness has been demonstrated in existing trials, too few patients have been studied to detect small but clinically important differences in pregnancy rates. Low-dose estrogen pills have higher rates of discontinuation and bleeding disturbances.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224a.html

Combined Oral Contraceptives for Mothers Who Are Breastfeeding - FPIN's Clinical ...

Oct 1, 2005 - There is currently no evidence of harm; however, few patients have been studied and existing studies have many limitations. Therefore, it is not possible to definitively answer this question at this time. The existing low-quality evidence suggests that combined oral contraceptives may ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1303.html

Intra-articular Corticosteroid for Treating Osteoarthritis of the Knee - Cochrane for ...

Oct 1, 2005 - An injection of the knee joint with a corticosteroid may improve the patient’s symptoms for up to three weeks after the injection (number needed to treat [NNT]= 3 to 4). There is no evidence that this intervention improves function, and there is little evidence of the benefits ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1222.html

Postnatal Depression - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - What are the effects of drug and nondrug treatments?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1294.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - There is limited, weak evidence that a low glycemic index diet improves risk factors for CHD, but there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a reduction in morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224.html

Improving Physical Therapy Referrals - Editorials - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Oct 1, 2005 Issue Editorials Improving Physical Therapy Referrals JENNIFER JOYCE, M.D., and JANICE KUPERSTEIN, M.S.ED., University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky Am Fam Physician. 2005 Oct 1;72(7):1183-1184....

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1183.html

Coenzyme Q10 - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2005 - Coenzyme Q10 is a vitamin-like substance used in the treatment of a variety of disorders primarily related to suboptimal cellular energy metabolism and oxidative injury. Studies supporting the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 appear most promising for neurodegenerative disorders such as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1065.html

Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The recognizable appearance and the dermatomal distribution of herpes zoster lesions usually enable a clinical diagnosis to be made easily. Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia occur mainly in older patients. The role of the varicella vaccine in preventing herpes zoster is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1075.html

Duloxetine (Cymbalta) for Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder - STEPS - American ...

Sep 15, 2005 - Duloxetine is safe and effective for the treatment of major depressive disorder. Because of its expense and the lack of data supporting its superiority over other antidepressants, it should be used as an alternative if other agents are ineffective or are not tolerated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1099.html

ACIP Updates Guidelines on Prevention and Control of Influenza - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 15, 2005 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated recommendations for the prevention and control of influenza.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1119.html

Advances in the Treatment of Early Rheumatoid Arthritis - Editorials - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Sep 15, 2005 Issue Editorials Advances in the Treatment of Early Rheumatoid Arthritis EDWARD M. J. VITAL, M.B.CH.B., The General Infirmary at Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom PAUL EMERY, M.A., M.D., University of Leeds Faculty of Medicine...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0915/p1002.html

Chasteberry - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - For centuries, chasteberry has been used to treat many hormone-related gynecologic conditions. The current literature supports the use of chasteberry for cyclical breast discomfort and premenstrual syndrome; data on its use for menstrual irregularities and fertility disorders are weak. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p821.html

Common Overuse Tendon Problems: A Review and Recommendations for Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2005 - There is a common misconception that symptomatic tendon injuries are inflammatory; because of this, these injuries often are mislabeled as tendonitis. Acute inflammatory tendinopathies exist, but most patients seen in primary care will have chronic symptoms suggesting a degenerative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p811.html

Mohs Micrographic Surgery - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - Mohs micrographic surgery is an approach to skin cancer removal that aims to achieve the highest possible rates of cure and to minimize the size of the wound and consequent distortions at critical sites such as the eyes, ears, nose, and lips. Mohs micrographic surgery is a two-step, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p845.html

Statin Therapy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Sep 1, 2005 - Based on current evidence, statin therapy should be offered to all patients with type 2 diabetes who are known to have coronary artery disease.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p866.html

Short-Acting Insulin Analogues vs. Human Insulin for Diabetes - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Sep 1, 2005 - For patients with type 2 diabetes, regular insulin and short-acting insulin analogues are equally effective in the treatment of diabetes and in lowering A1C levels. For patients with type 1 diabetes, short-acting analogues produce a slightly greater reduction of A1C levels than regular ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p805.html

Urinary Tract Infection in Children - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatment of acute urinary tract infection in children? What are the effects of interventions to prevent recurrence?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p858.html

Do Tympanostomy Tubes for OME Prevent Hearing Loss? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2005 - In children with typical hearing and language development, immediate placement of tympanostomy tubes for OME does not improve important long-term outcomes compared with a period of watchful waiting and placement of tubes only if there is no improvement.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p807.html

Room Air vs. Oxygen for Resuscitating Infants at Birth - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2005 - Based on limited evidence, it appears that mortality is lower in infants resuscitated with room air than in those given 100 percent oxygen. However, these results should be treated with caution because one fourth of studies used back-up supplementary oxygen.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p808.html

ACCP and ACAAI Release Guidelines on Inhaled Aerosol Therapy for Patients with ...

Sep 1, 2005 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology (ACAAI) have released recommendations to guide physicians in choosing aerosol devices and drug formulations for patients with pulmonary disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p945.html

Practice Guidelines - Sep 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - Data on the use of electronic medical records in health care is available from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). According to the NCHS, electronic medical records were used most frequently in the emergency department, followed closely by outpatient departments.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p952a.html

Practice Guidelines - Sep 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - A scientific statement on the effectiveness of off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for myocardial revascularization has been released by the American Heart Association (AHA).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p952.html

Systemic Corticosteroids for Acute Exacerbations of COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2005 - Systemic corticosteroids improve symptoms of acute COPD exacerbations at three days and reduce the likelihood of treatment failure. There is no evidence that they reduce mortality or prevent recurrence at 30 days, but the existing studies may be too small to detect such a benefit. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p437.html

Treatment of Early Parkinson's Disease - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2005 - Treatment of early Parkinson’s disease with either selegiline (Eldepryl), a dopamine agonist (pramipexole [Mirapex], ropinirole [Requip], or bromocriptine [Parlodel]), or the combination of levodopa and carbidopa (Sinemet) or levodopa and cabidopa with entacapone (Stalevo) improves ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p497.html

NSAIDs Alone or with Opioids as Therapy for Cancer Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2005 - Short-term trials indicate that cancer pain can be reduced with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as initial monotherapy. NSAIDs combined with opioids can result in slight short-term improvement in pain compared with either agent alone. Long-term efficacy and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p436.html

Chronic Prostatitis - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments for chronic bacterial and abacterial prostatitis?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p485.html

Colesevelam (WelChol) for Reduction of LDL Cholesterol - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2005 - Colesevelam lowers LDL cholesterol levels a small amount (7 to 16 percent) when used alone and provides additional cholesterol lowering when added to statin therapy. It has a slightly beneficial effect on HDL cholesterol levels, has no effect on triglyceride levels, and is well tolerated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p321.html

Hormone Therapy for the Prevention of Chronic Conditions in Postmenopausal Women - U.S....

Jul 15, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on hormone therapy for the prevention of chronic conditions in post-menopausal women and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the Task Force’s 2002 recommendations on hormone replacement...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p311.html

Health Effects of Garlic - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - Garlic has long been used medicinally, most recently for its cardiovascular, antineoplastic, and antimicrobial properties. Sulfur compounds, including allicin, appear to be the active components in the root bulb of the garlic plant. Studies show significant but modest lipid-lowering ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p103.html

Antibiotics for Acute Laryngitis in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2005 - Two small trials of antibiotic treatment in acute laryngitis do not support routine use of antibiotics in these patients. Most patients will feel better in five to seven days, and it is unlikely that they will experience a clinically important benefit from antibiotics.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p76.html

ACOG Guidelines on the Management of Human Papillomavirus Infection - Practice ...

Jul 1, 2005 - The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on the clinical management of women with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p178.html

Which Patients Benefit from CRT? - Practice Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - The American Heart Association has published a science advisory on selecting patients for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p181.html

Gonorrhea - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - What are the effects of treatments for uncomplicated infections in men and nonpregnant women? What are the effects of treatments for uncomplicated infections in pregnant women? What are the effects of treatments for disseminated gonococcal infection?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p129.html

Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin for Initial Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism - Cochrane...

Jul 1, 2005 - LMWH is safer and more effective than unfractionated heparin for initial treatment of venous thromboembolism.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p75.html

Follow-up After Surgically Treated Breast Cancer - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2005 - The best available evidence supports clinical breast examinations every three to six months for five years and annual mammography for asymptomatic breast cancer survivors. More intensive follow-up and subspecialist visits do not improve survival.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p77.html

Choosing Between Warfarin (Coumadin) and Aspirin Therapy for Patients with Atrial ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Pooled data from randomized trials show that warfarin reduces the risk of stroke from 4.5 percent to 1.4 percent per year in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and no history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2348.html

Eszopiclone (Lunesta) for Treatment of Transient and Chronic Insomnia - STEPS - ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Similar to other hypnotic drugs, eszopiclone treats the symptom of insomnia and not the underlying cause. It offers no advantage over other nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic agents for transient insomnia and it therefore should be considered a second-line agent.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2359.html

AHRQ Data on Antibiotic Use in Children with Otitis Media - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 15, 2005 - As part of its Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) examined the use of antibiotics to treat otitis media in children.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0615/p2382.html

Treatment of Edema - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Edema is the result of an imbalance in the filtration system between the capillary and interstitial spaces. The kidneys play a key role in regulating extracellular fluid volume by adjusting sodium and water excretion. Major causes of edema include venous obstruction, increased capillary...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2111.html

Traveler's Diarrhea - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Acute diarrhea affects millions of persons who travel to developing countries each year. Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection. Bacteria such as enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enteroaggregative E. coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shigella...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2095.html

Management of Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are part of a continuum of heat-related illness. Both are common and preventable conditions affecting diverse patients. Recent research has identified a cascade of inflammatory pathologic events that begins with mild heat exhaustion and, if uninterrupted, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2133.html

Improving Adherence to Treatment for Hypertension - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jun 1, 2005 - The most effective strategy to improve patient compliance with antihypertensive medication is to simplify the dosing regimen. There is more limited evidence to support a variety of motivational strategies. Patient education alone is ineffective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2089.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Many patients request delayed umbilical cord clamping in their birth plans. Delayed cord clamping allows continued perfusion while the baby transitions to newborn circulation. However, when an infant is high risk, physicians frequently clamp and cut the cord early to allow the neonatal ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091a.html

Treatment of Calf Deep Venous Thrombosis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2005 - Patients with a first episode of calf DVT with a transient risk factor should receive heparin therapy followed by oral anticoagulation for six to 12 weeks.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2157.html

Practice Guidelines - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs FDA Warns Against Off-Label Use of Antipsychotic Drugs AMBER HUNTZINGER Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2205. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released a warning to...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2205.html

Practice Guidelines - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs Other FDA Advisories: AMBER HUNTZINGER Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2205-2206. Recall of urine processing kit. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a Class I recall...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2205a.html

AAP Recommends Caring for Children with Special Needs at Home - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jun 1, 2005 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jun 1, 2005 Issue Practice Guideline Briefs AAP Recommends Caring for Children with Special Needs at Home AMBER HUNTZINGER Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2206. The Committee on Children with Disabilities of the American Academy...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2206.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer: Evaluating the Evidence - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - Controversy surrounds the management options for localized prostate cancer-conservative management, prostatectomy, and radiation. Choosing among these options is difficult because of long-term side effects that include sexual, urinary, and bowel dysfunction. Some recent studies suggest ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1915.html

Management of Bacterial Meningitis: New Guidelines from the IDSA - Practice Guidelines ...

May 15, 2005 - Bacterial meningitis is a neurologic emergency; progression to more severe disease reduces the patient’s likelihood of a full recovery. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has issued new guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial meningitis.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p2003.html

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